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1. v 

J, 'h 

ay. October 30.1975 

7R iBfifiSv 


';sn pence 

Michael Baily on how 
not to ran 
a railway ? Page 14 

board of its American parent company 
e future of Chrysler United Kingdom, 
employs 27.000 workers, was in the 
» last night. Although the loss-making 

British company dismissed reports that the 
parent company wants to rid itself of the 
Coventry and Linwood factories, behind the 
scenes the fight for survival is at a crucial stage. 

Situation grave, US chief says 

idustria] Staff 
we of the loss-making 
amifacturer, Chrysler 
ngdom, which empiovs 
orkers. was in me 
cst night as the .'ull 
'■s United States parent 
': ; met io New YOrk-_ 

‘ American executives 
tunced that the board 
. sring selling or other- 
losing of operations 
•* >e shown long-term 

- ion the Department of 
.said it was in con- 
ontact with Chrysler’s 
.. .bsidiary but would not. 
1 ig clarification of re- 
the United .States that 
nt organization. wants 
elf of 'its operations at 
• and Unwood. 

,!ritish company, strug- 
"• survival and heavily 
it on its parent for 
dismissed the reports 
letely unfounded, 
er, there‘is no doubt 
'bind- the scenes the 

fight for survival has reached a 
decisive stage. Earlier this year 
the Prime' Minister and Mr 
Wedgwood. Benn sought per¬ 
sonal assurances' from Chrysler 
at the highest levels that there 
would tie .lib' breach of'its un¬ 
dertakings, given in 1967, not 
to initiate any actio a impairing 
British' production. 

Last night, before the board 
meeting, Mr John Riccardo, 
chairman, of the Chrysler Cor¬ 
poral ion of America, described 
the Unked Kingdom situation 
as “ very grave Tire economic 
situation was -net good and 
labour relations had been a 
difficulty for some yews.-. 

Asking not to be pressed too 
hard on precise decisions, be 
added: “we are considering a 
number of;alternatives. We are 
just going to have to work them 
out the best we can.” - The 
situation with regard to United 
Kingdom operations was deli¬ 

Privately, Chrysler executives 
are making dear that term¬ 

ination of the British car and 
commercial vehicle operations 
is top of the list of options 
being considered for sue of 
disposal. In the first - nine 
months of this year the Ameri¬ 
can ‘parent organization has 
lost £1713m on its worldwide 
business, including-the. United 
States market. 

The threatened British com¬ 
pany, has plants at Coventry, 
Linwood, in Scotland, and Dun¬ 
stable, producing Avenger, Imp, 
and Hnnver cars and Dodge and 
Co miner commercial vehicles! 
Talks have been in progress for 
several months on a new em¬ 
ployee participation scheme 
seen by the United Kingdom 
management as vital for im¬ 
proved industrial relations and 
reassuring, the American parent 
organization. - 

- The American parent com¬ 
pany bas poured some short¬ 
term funds into its British sub¬ 
sidiary, with some special and 
still undisclosed conditions 
imposed, by the'. Bank of 

England. The xbbney has been 
' used to fund its. troubled United 
. Kingdom company . while it 
tries .to establish a better work¬ 
ing relationship ■ with its 
employees, ’ though operating 
wctl ibelo.w capacity- .... 

The BritishOperations lost 
nearly' £16m -in die.-first six 
mo nths of -this -year, affected 
by.strikes and a-skimp in sales 
for its aging models. - - 
'In May. the Prime Minister 
Warned. the Chrysler ..workers, 
some of whom were striking 
for higher pay, - not to harbour 
any .illusions that the Govern¬ 
ment would step in tot sare the 
com pany with «pubEc funds. 
Nothing would be spent on 
gratifying politico-industrial 
ambition that Chrysler should 
be nationalized. 

J Chrysler is'.in deep trouble, 
according to sources, necause a 
handsome Iranian ' contract is 
not going fully- according to 
plan and the • number . of 
.Continued on page, .19, col 4 

President Ford announces plan for 
New York city that makes 
bankruptcy almost inevitable 

From Frank Vagi 
US Economics Correspondent 
Washington, Oct 29. 

President Ford todav pro¬ 
posed that federal courts'should 
be empowered to reorganize the 
finances _ of New York cLv it 
it gets into a position where 
it can no longer pay its bills. 
He announced bluntly that be 
would veto any legislation “ that 
has as its purpose a federal 
bail-out of New York city to 
prevent a default". 

. His statement makes the citv's 
bankruptcy virtually inevitable. 
It is still in doubt whether the 
city will be able to meet its 
bills due on November 14: it 
is certain that it will not have 
the cash to meet its debt repay¬ 
ments'-in early December. 

.The Emergency Financial 
Control • Board, established by 
the State' of New York last 
month to supervise the city’s 
finances, said after President 
Ford’s speech that his refusal 
to allow Government assistance 
would probably accelerate die 
city’s default. 

v “We know of no way. includ¬ 
ing increasing taxes and cutting 
expenditures, that will enable 
■the city to meet its December 
a ad January cash require¬ 
ments , it said. 

:The president announced in 
a speech at the National Press 
Club that be is sending legisla¬ 
tion to Congress to revise 
.existing bankruptcy laws. The 
Government would ensure that 

essential services were main¬ 
tained if New York d ian'tei 1 . 

The speech immediately 
prompted Senator William Prox- 
mlrc. chairman of the Senate's 
banking, housing and urban 
affairs committee, to suggest 
that Mr Ford's solution would 
cost the Government many mil¬ 
lions of dollars. 

Mr Ford said the bankruptcy 
of New York could cause some 
difficulties in financial markets 
“ but the repercussions should 
not be large or long-lasting *’. 
In the long term, the crisis, 
would be beneficial to the 
municipal bond market _ in 
ensuring - that municipal 
borrowers maintained respon¬ 
sible management. 

For the people of New York 
“ there may be some temporary 
inconveniences, but that will be 
true of any solution chat is 
adopted ”. His plan would 
protect the innocent victims of 
the tragedy and would ensure 
that there'are “policemen on 
the beat, firemen in tbe station, 
nurses in the emergency 
wards ”. 

The Administration is sub¬ 
mitting a Bill to Congress, 
which nJJI probably be acted 
uoon swiftly, that U»c President 
said would maintain essential 
public services if New York 
went bankrupt. Tt would ensure 
that tile city achieved aud 
maintained a balanced budget 
in coming years and guarantee 

ng sick leave for 

23 injured 
in Mayfair 
car bomb 

By Staff Reporters. 

- At feast 23 . people were 
injured when a - car bomb 
exploded last- night without 
warning at the Trattoti/ Fiori 

ichael Hornsby goes, if for no better reason 

, Oct 29 than that every other big EEC 

‘hrisropher Soames, the country has had a turn. 

-.-mmissiondr responsible - -Mr George Thomson, : the 
rnal. affairs, is to take former Labour minister, who is 
ths’ leave from the end the EEC charge 
week on his doctor's of regional development policy. 

It was . officially is also Jcnown to have press¬ 
ed in Brussels today dential ambitions. But he is 

is suffering from two _ not generally regarded ' as a I “™rm7rknr 'in _ iiavfaJr 

ood clots in a leg vein, sufficiently forceful personality. I - * - restaurant, - m fa yfa. . 

ed during a recent visit Another name rhat- has from 
-..America. time to time cropped up. over 

11 be in Rome tomorrow the succession to M Ortoli is 
4 political cooperation ” that of Mr Edward Heath, at 
. - - ' * though he has not given any 

public sign, of interest in. tbe 

Any British nominee .would, 
need the approval of .the Prime 
Minister, but tim is not con- 

’■ of EEC foreign 
~:s, but be has 1 cancelled 
. equent engagements and 
....e a complete break from 
'.TtO the New Year, when 
peers to resume full 
*5- In his absence, his 
will be carried out by 
.. nn Olav Gundelacb, a 
the Commissioner in 
of internal trade. 
Christopher, aged 55, is 
e-president of the Euro- 

London. Tbe restaunfinc and 
several buildings neap by were 

Wetnesses sastf t^ai the explo¬ 
sion rocked a jfide area, in¬ 
cluding Park Bane and Gros- 
venor Squart/Some residents 
were evacuaUtt by police. 

ambimvces. went to die 
restauxanv'on the corner of 

sidereid - in '.Brussels' to be an I Mount 
insurmountable barrier to Con-j 
servatrve candidates 
Sir -Christopher- denies that 
he is contemplating a return 
-to -domestic. politics. He is 

_ ___„ .-understood to- be more than!* 

Commission and one of two h'trie disenchanted by' ibe' atti- 
h commissioners! Inew - t«de taw 0 tfds- Eur<^e sh6wu by 
his illness will lead to the Conservative Party .reader - 
ed speculation about his Mrs Thatcher’s • leadership, 

' which certainly falls well-short 
re Were reports earlier °f ihe_ flam boyant and bouncin 
ar that he was anxious to optimism that has maderC ‘'0 
to tbe political fray in popular figure in RrusAI^ 

, possibly as the Cooser- EEC -officials insist thag thefe 
Party's spokesman on is nothing mysteriofc -jor 

affairs. He bas been Machiavellian about . j$ir 
"ied as a candidate for Christopher 1 * request for sick 
sidency of the European leave, • _ J 

sion in 1977 in Tbe question of a permAient 
co M Francois- replacement for him.' fa'f tbe 

tan is 

Ortoli. external affairs post wot 

issuxned in Brussels that arise unless las illness 
imission presidency will for a much longer rest! 
Britain afrer M Ortoli envisaged. 

iss Council to look i*to 
nb case allegations 

Press Council is to in- interference and. den: 
2 recent allegations in there had been a 
Uy Express rbar there refraining from ch 
lineal interference in pie with conspiracy 
securion of the Guild- less they could .be 
d Woolwich bombers. with a substantive 
statement yesterday the Mr Jenkins, the H 
. said it had taken note tary, described Oie 
nds made by the Home “ one of the 
-y and the Solicitor sponsible and mal 
in the House of Com- reports I have 
hat the Dady Express The Daily 
. withdraw statements leading article 
t published on October Mr Archer’s \ a 
-tmexion with the prose- against, what it 

by “men who are 
le matter was clearly line in the fight 
public interest, it had roc-ism”, 
editor that it proposed Last ‘ night 
iMc an inquiry into the Matthews, - Chief 
7 of the allegations. Surrey, referred 
oesday, Mr Archer, the editions' of the 
* General, demanded in and said that 
muons that the Daily agreed en 
should withdraw its Archer’s sta 
ins dial there bad been allegations * 


icy of 
g peo- 
ne un- 


!se, irre- 
it press 

said In a 
rday that 
ces went 
been told 
che front 
ainst ter- 

_r Peter 
nstable of 
ly Express 
rrey police 
with Mr 
about press 

and South Audley 
Street jttf take tbe in hired to 
the S-George’s and Middlesex 
hospitals. 'Further ambulances 
were.-ordered by police to stay j 
dear 1 of the area because of 
of a second explosion.. - ‘ 
s-JijLr George Edwards, -a^ed 59, f; 

6 was iif The Audley'i 
pybKc house, apposite, file res- 
urant;. said that people, were 
ring dazed on the pavement and' 
the road was covered with 
broken glass. “Tbe bomb ap¬ 
pears to have been placed in the 
doorway”, he said. One man 
had. been badly injured. 

Mr George -Miolia, the land¬ 
lord said: “ The bomb smashed 
all the windows at .the front of 
my building and the vibration 
damaged my cellar bar. Two or 
three of my customers were 
thrown to the ground.” 

Mr Eurico Sidoli, the res¬ 
taurant’s chef, said: “ The 

restaurant was not very busy. 
We only bad about twenty 

. “I beard a boy crying and 
one of the waiters, Carmelo, 
came staggering into tbe kit¬ 
chen covered in blood. All the 
windows were smashed. The 
furniture was turned over and 
the restaurant was full of 
smoke. I could not see how 
many people were hurt but I 
could bear crying and scream¬ 
ing. ’ • - 

“ When I went out. on the 
pavement there was a woman 
just lying there. The boy 
behind che counter was bleed¬ 
ing and another waiter had 
been knocked our when tbe 
ceiling collapsed.” - 
Belfast attacks : A man was shot 
dead and at least - a dozen 
people were injured when gun¬ 
men, believed to be Provisional 
IRA members, attacked mem¬ 
bers of the republican dubs, the 
political organization of the offi¬ 
cial IRA, in' Belfast last. night 
(the Press Association reports). 
A republican club offidal said 
the shootings occurred in nine 
separate districts. 

• pnotooraph by Bill Waihurst 

Loane scores a try against Oxford University helping the Australians 
make a happy start to their rugby tour. Page 10. 

Irish anti-terrorist chiefs hold talks after 
move to end Herrema siege fails 

From Christopher Walker • 

and Stewart .Teodler 

Monasterevin, co Kildare. . .. 

Irish counter-terrorist experts: 
and army officers conferred 
yesierdav outside che council- 
bouse where Dr Tiede Herrema 
is being hdd, after hopes of an 
end to the siege had suffered a ' 

The meeting came after it had 
been reported that an angry 
exchange between tbe two kid¬ 
nappers had prevented a sur¬ 
render-which was agreed after 
patient negotiations by Chief 
Supt Lawrence Wrenn, che one 
man with whom the captors are 
willing to talk. 

According to a member of the 
Irish Special Branch, the dis¬ 
pute was monitored by eaves¬ 

dropping devices 
and showed that Miss Marian 
Coyle.. was adopting a . more 
stubborn ' line tiran Mr. Eddie 

. . Her decision to oppose the 
agreement caused a postpone- 
merit of optimism among the 
' security 'forces that 'they were 
on the brink of securing the' 
safe. release of Dr Herrema. 
Soon 'after dark : on_ Tuesday, 

- army and poHce activity-'around 
• the two-storey terrace house 

indicated that some., break- 
■ through-was imminent- 

- Yesterday the shouted con*, 
versation. between Mr Wrenn 
and .tbe kidnappers continued 
up the narrow stairway of 1410 
St' Evin’s Park,.and during tbe 
morning food was once again 

sent in. Although the police 
would re real oo details of the 
discussions, it is known that 
they.have become more cordial 

After tbe setback, three 
colonels and an explosives ex¬ 
pert talked with detectives who 
have been supervising the siege 
during the past 'ten "days. 

The conference came after a 
decision at' government level to 
allow both kidnappers and their 
hostage to • receive the first 
change of clothing that has 
beeo requested since detective? 
raided the house 

A Garda official said yester¬ 
day that tbe new clothes and 
more .food had*.been sent to 
the upper storey of the bouse 
some tkne on Tuesday night.. 

lid Bill CUt Oxfcfrd Union appeal EEC warns France 

peers in 
night clash 

josition amendment to the Gov¬ 
t’s Community Land Bill safe- 
g the substantial investments in. 
occupational pension schemes, 
■uts them in the same position as 
s, was carried in the Lords in 
ight sitting lasting until 7.55 am 
ay. Altogether. 14 amendments 
big changes in the Bill were 
against the Government 

Page 2 


by Pr 





rest nations to get 
rity in aid 

„ Macmillan, in masterful 
[ed other paradigms of the 
rniou manner yesterday in 
- an appeal for £750.000 to set 
id most famous debating society 
0 go a firm financial footing, 
has been created to give the 
charity status Page 4 

.ian slip 

jt Ford, at a state dinner given 
feident Sadat in Washington, 
glass and proposed a toast to 
the people that you repre- 
areal people of the Govern- 
Israel—of Egypt, excuse me e 
Sadat call, page S 

The EEC Commission yesterday gave 
the French Government seven days to. 
lift its 12 per cent tax on imported 
Italian wines or face charges before 
the European Court of Justice.' The 
French are. thought unlikely to grye 
way hut there could still be a -political 
solution before the case comes to court. 

_ _ Page 5 

Obscure legislation: Mr WHson has 
rejected a proposal ibar a minister 
should be specifically, responsible for 
the general structure and language of 
legislation ' ., 2 


vernmeut is changing its foreign 
sriries in the face of the rapid 
ration in the economic prospects 
1 million of the world’s poorest 
A White Paper published yester- 
itiined a policy for attacking 
wverty intended to ensure that 
orest nations and the poorest 
s of other nations^ populations 
ed from British and international 

,imal research 

Professor W. D. M- Paton, chairman of 
theAesearch Defence^Society, said yes- 
pay that the five million expmments 
pear with animals 
Home Office licensing system might 

be enough yape 

Holiday shopping: Most supermarket 
chains nil] close for four days over 
Christmas for the first' time, me shop- 
workers* union said yesterday/ ** 

Brussels: France given seven-day ulti¬ 
matum by the European Commission 
to lift tax on Italian'wine imports 5 

Booker Prize: Two novels., are on the 
short list, one by an Australian and 
the other by a naturalized Pole who 
lives in Delhi , 16 

S ine News • 2-4 
ropean News 4, 5 
erseas News .5, # 




Sport . 

10, n 




TV & Radio 



Night Sty 


Tbems, etc 





25 Years Ago 








6, 14 

Sale Room 




Law Report . 




Leader page, 15 

Letters: Oa devolution from Mr David 
Green and others;' the Oxford Union 
appeal from Mr Harold Macmillar - 
Leading articles.: British policy for aid ; 
Mortgages ; Oxford Union appeal 
-Features, pages 6- and 14 
Philip Howard on packing a trunkfu! of 
history Into a briefcase; Ronald Butt on 
why it is necessary to have an all-parly 
“ treaty ” on devolution ; the unheeded 
lesson of the Yom Kippur war by Keith 

Books, page S 

Michael .Ratcliffe discusses “ The Road 
to 1945 ” by Paul Addison; Ronald W. 
Clark's 'biography of Bertrand Russell is 
reviewed by Brian Glanvflle 
Arts, page 9 

John Higgins on Die Meistersinger at tbe 
Vienna State Opera : Leonard Buckley on 
Who Killed Julia Wallace? (Yorkshire) 
Sport,-pages 10 and 11 
Football *. Big victories for Irish teams in 
European championship ; England’s match 
against Czechoslovakia abandoned because 
of fog; Rugby Union: Surrey’s dramatic 
victory in county championship ; Racing : 
Newmarket prospects and Ascot report 
Obituary, page 16 

Sir Alfred Owen, Mr M. J. Farrell, Mr 
John TIcefmrst, Mr Edgar Holt 
Business News, -pages i»!23 - r Shares fell-sharply under 
the weight of tile Slater, Walker situation 
and by the close .the FT Index had lost 
7.6 to 35Z5 . 

Financial Editor: Stock Exchange com¬ 
puter sums; Enrocanadian’s softer Une^ 
Kwik Save at a premium 

Detention orders 
on men after 
bomb squad raid 

Detention orders under.the 
Prevention of Terrorism Act 
have been served on two Irish¬ 
men being- questioned by City 
of Loudon.detectives after raids 
by Scotland Yard’s bomb squad, 
the police said yesterday. A 
girl arrested at tbe same time 
ivas being questioned _ at 
Bishopsgate, but no order bas 
been made against her. 

Tbe order against the men, 
who are cousins, enables the 
police to bold them for a longer 
period without any charges 
being brought. 

At Kensington police station 
three sisters and two mert, also 
believed to be cousins, were still 
being questioned last night. 

All eight, it is understood, are 
either related or are close 

Farther raids are planned hi 

connexion with investigations 
into the explosion last week in 
Campden Hill Square, Kensing¬ 
ton, is wbich Professor Gordon 
Hamilton Fairley was killed, 
and the Caterham public house 
bombing in August, in which 
seven people, most of them 
guardsmen, - were seriously 

that neither the city, nor ""w 
other American ciiy, ever 
became the Government's 

If the ciiv defaulted, it could, 
with approval of the State of 
.veiv \urk, file a bankruptcy 
petition with the federal district 
court that would be accom¬ 
panied by a proposed way to 
work out with its creditors an 
adjustment of its debts. 

The court would then have 
authority to grant an automatic 
stay of suits by creditors so 
that, whatever city funds were 
available would be used for 
essential services. The court 
would be empowered to super¬ 
vise any plan drawn up to re¬ 
store the rity to solvency. 

To give the city the time to 
get its budget into balance, the 
court would be empowered to 
authorize debt certificates cover¬ 
ing new loans to the city, whose 
purchasers would have priority 
over all other creditors in 
obtaining repayment. 

These new certificates' would 
pay for the continuation of 
essential public services in New 

Tbe President left no doubt at 
all today about why the Govern¬ 
ment should not help the rity 
to avoid default- The leading 
city and state officials of .New 
York and the bankers were 
using “scare talk” to pressure 
Congress into "panicky support 
of .patently bad policy ”. 

Ripple effects, nags 19 

* Maybe l slit your 
throat, 7 said gunman 

John Wayne 

saves Beirut 

Franco heir 
gets army 
backing for 

From Our Correspondent 
Madrid, Oct 29 

Prince Juan Carlos, General 
Pranco’s designated heir, is 
already making ’policy decisions 
for the future in meetings with 
senior military, officers, eved 
before be takes'over as Spain’s 
chief of state, a reliable mon¬ 
archist source said in Madrid 

A medical bulletin this even¬ 
ing said that there was no 
change in the general’s condi¬ 
tion, which was reported this 
morning as “ grave ". Doctors 
indicated that the accumulation 
of fluids in his abdominal 
cavity is continuing, but-.there 
has been a partial recovery 
from tbe intestinal paralysis 
which he suffered yesterday. 
They said that treatment for his 
internal bleeding seemed to be 
shotting favour able results.. 

■* Outside ~kis f& Pardo ralace. 
a crowd of . several thousand 
waited; and This evening more 
gathered in answer to « cal! 
from right-wing groups for 
people to say tbe rosary at the 
gates. But another palace *.vis 
the main focb« of interest—the 
Zarzuela Palace, where Prince 
Juan Carlos Jives. 

He received a number of 
leading military men auiu, 
according to a reliable source, 
was assured of tbe support of 
the Army for his takeover from 
General Franco in accordance 
with the Fundamental Laws of 
the regime. 

The source added that such a 
takeover would occur ooly on a 
permanent.basis. There was no 
possibility that the prince would 
take over temporarily. 

From Paul Martin 
Beirut, Oct 29 

Phil Capuco, an American 
correspondent crapped wounded 
in a hospital in the middle of 
Beirut’s battle-zone since being 
shot last Sunday, told today of 
bis plight and that of other 
patients as war In the streets 
swirled around them day and 
night. Mr Caputo, of the 
Chicago Tribune, was rescued 
today by a Marine colonel who 
drove into the battle area in the 
American Ambassador’s bullet¬ 
proof car. 

His ordeal began when be was 
arrested Ire leftist Muslims near 
Reuter’s office last Sunday after 
they had made an attack os 

right-wing Phalangist positions.. 
“ One unlikely looking gunman 
started to cut up my press card 
with a razor”, Mr Caputo re¬ 
called. “When I protested he 
said, ‘ OK, maybe I sKt your 

Tbe gunman ordered him to 
walk in the direction of a 
Phalangist sniper who loosed 
off several rounds over his 
head. When he tried to turn 
back his Muslim captor ordered 
him n> walk on and began spray¬ 
ing shots around him with a 
Kalashnikov automatic rifle. “I 
started a John Wayne zigzag, 
running up the street; but a 
bullet hit me in the right 
foot”, Mr Caputo continued. 

“I shouted to him to stop 
shooting and I crashed towards 
a fence on the sidewalk. An¬ 
other bullet grazed my head and 
a third grazed my back. I could 
not understand why-1 was still 
alive and got up again and 
started running like helL At 
this stage two of them were 
blazing away at me. Three or 
four rounds caught me in the 
left foot iust as I reached a 
corner and others hit me in the 

Mr Caputo crawled ala"", the 
-mid—rhe entrance to fa*h : nn. 
able Hamra Street, Bei fur’s 
•sli-nuning centre, and was c-°n- 
•tually sported by a man vho 
helped him into his hou^e. 
Fortunately a doctor was ne?r 
by and gave him emerae*’CV 
r-'eatment before he w?s 
. «n-an armoured car to the Trad 
Hnsn'tal in the Kanrari dis»r : cr. 

“There were four oth°r 
wounded men with me in t^e 
hospital”, Mr Caouta recaUetl. 
a Ooe of them died the same 
-|-night that I an-ived from a 
cbesr wound. We were all in 
a lnt of naiq which was mae”l- 
fied a thousand times bv the 
terrific noise of the fiihtV" 
outside. Tt was a ciml-at 
zone. The hospital tried to re¬ 
assure us by telling us that 
both sides had agreed not to hit 
it but I have no faith in arv 
agreements reached bv these 

Dnrinc a lull in the fisbring 
today Mr Caputo tn 

cal] his embassy. “ l asked 
them: ‘ What the hell an* 
you doing about getting me c«'t 
of rhis place? ’ and forrmatelv 
thev came to my rescue.” 

The rescuer was Lieutenant- 
Colonel Wafter i Braun of the 
Marines, who is the securk^ 
chief at the embassy. He drove 
through sniper fire in t'" 
b«»Het-proof Cadillac of Mr 
McMurrrie God ley, the Am?’-' 
cm Ambassador, to spirit 7 i 
Caputo to safety. 

Britons rescued, page 5 

Daphne du Maurier 

Her study of Anthony Bacon £5-00 


"A fascinating world” 
“Intrigue, intelligence & 
manoeuvring for power 
& money. Most readable 

—Financial Times, The Times 


The author of ‘Nicho/os & Alexandra' and his wii 
ceil the story of their own haemophiliac son 

“ Remarkable.,. Gripping 
& beautifully written 

— New York Times 



“Well researched, very 
detailed, brutally ’frank’ 
...A first-rate job” 

—Anthony Powell (Daily Telegraph) 

Arthur C. Clarke 

His novel ‘IMPERIAL EARTH’ £3 50 

“Bestseller” -Sunday Times 




rr as 

■« sbs arnfe n^gfrr 


Home news, 

Tory land Bill amendment to protect pension 

funds carried in all-night sitting by Lords 

By George Clark 
Political Correspondent 

-Important amendments that 
will safeguard substantial in¬ 
vestments made by occupational 
pension schemes, to which 12 
million people belong, were 
carried against the Government 
in' the Lords in an all-night sit¬ 
ting which lasted until 7-55 am 

■Lady Young, who led for tile 
Opposition on the Community 
Land Bill, said it was signifi¬ 
cant that the last of the repre¬ 
sentations made on behalf of 
the occupational schemes, just 
before the House came ro the 
crucial amendment, came from 
officials of the National Coal 
Board. There are 350,000 
employees of the board who are 
nqw covered by such schemes. 

There was irony in the situa¬ 
tion that had been created by 
tfije Bill; here were the repre¬ 
sentatives of workers who 
claimed they were having their 
pensions adversely affected by 
Government’s land munici¬ 
palization measure, and it was 
tfie Tories they had to turn to. 

.The amendment that was car¬ 
ried puts occupational pension 
schemes in the same position as 
charities under the BilL Chari¬ 
ties were having preserved 

their existing rights in land in 
which they bad invested before 
“White Paper Day” Septem- 
ber 12, 1974. This land is being 
exempted from the control and 
limitations imposed by the Bill. 

The effect of the amendment 
is to exempt also land that was 
acquired by occupational pen¬ 
sion funds up to that date on 
the ground that the fund 
trustees had invested in land 
for purposes similar to those of 
charities. They would have 
suffered financial loss under 
the BiH as drafted. 

Lady Young said! there were 
12 million people in occupa¬ 
tional pension schemes, and it 
was estimated that the interests 
of 18 million dependent wives 
and children were affected by 
the proper investment of the 
funds. The pension fund mana¬ 
gers came to see her because 
they wanted to keep up the 
value of their land investments. 

since May, 1971, when the 
House 'sat all night on the In¬ 
dustrial Relations Act. Camp 
beds had been provided m 
■ various rooms, and there was a 
running supply of sandwiches 
and coffee, with breakfast of 
bacon and eggs served from 
630 am onwards. Five days and 
one night had been spent on 
the committee stage of the Com¬ 
munity Land Bill, and three 
days have been allocated for 
the report stage next week. 

Some of the main changes 
made in the 14 amendments 
carried in the Lords were : 

•t pension Youthtellsof 
Lords ‘possession’ 

men said they agreed with that. GI S£filD§ 

in principle, but the necessary 

funds were not available. - f]||T| 

The date by which local 

authorities will be asked to pro? From Our Correspondent 
duce their land acquisition and York 

Uicbolaa Bell, aged 17. toH 

changed from 31, 

1975, to February 29, 1976. 

The same exemptions as were 
proposed for land wid build- 
fn-s used in agriculture will 
apply to horticulture. 

The powers of rbe Secretary 
of State to modify, in addmoa 
to the provisions of ttus Act, 
any other enactments concem- 

rned in the Lords were s Acquisition of land have 

The procedure for drawing up £? en de j e ted. , * 

development plans has been re¬ 
versed. Local authorities under 

provisions for Wales have 
been amended so .that the pro* 

the Bill as drafted had the duty tafld authority for Wales 

to acquire land and then draw » Qu3d have t0 manage the 
up development plans. Now the acQuired i an d before it was de- 
plans will come first, and there ve f (> p ed the purpose being to 
will be new opportunities for pr ^erve the land for agricol- 
people to object. Jural ^ as long as. possible. 

The local authorities will The right has been restored 

the police that he had been 
possessed-by evil after seeing 
The Exorcist film and had 
killed a girl aged nine, York 
Crown Court was told yester¬ 
day. - 

•'Rdf, .of Easifield, Scar- 
borough, said that after seeing 
the film he began dabbling in 
black magic and experimenting 
with a otrija board. Mr Clifford 
Lauristnn, QC, told the jury. 
Bell pleaded not guilty to mur¬ 
dering the girl. 

.. Mr Lanriston said the girl’s 
savagely beaten body was 
found by her stepfather after 
she had failed to return home 
in Scarborough for tea. . 

The Crown had only Bell’s 

ite Paper Day ar a price five-year programme setting out 

that reflected the development 
value, which could not in future 
be recouped under the provis¬ 
ions of the BilL In effect, it 
was retrospective legislation. 

all the land they want to 
acquire, and giving the reasons 
for doing so. 

the Bill. Another amendment 
provides that there shall be a 

Legal aid will be avapable, second public inquiry where 

subject to the usual conditions. 

The change was made during for obj'ectors at public inquiries 

the session which lasted 16 
hours, 46 minutes, the longest 

into compulsory purchase 
orders. The Government spokes- 

the intended use for compul¬ 
sorily acquired land has b$en 
changed since the original in- 
nuiry. V 

Growing concern over Four-day shop closing 
obscure legislation over Christmas 

By Our Political Editor 
Mr 'Wilson yesterday pub¬ 
lished the correspondence he 
has had with Sir David Renton, 
chairman of the Commons Com¬ 
mittee on the Preparation of 
Legislation, about the organiza¬ 
tion, paining, and answerability 
to ministers of the parliamen¬ 
tary draftsmen who produce 
government Bills. 

of parliamentary counsel and 
the advice of law ministers, for 
tbe drafting of particular Bills. 

He continued i “The Govern¬ 
ment shares your concern that 
the general structure and 
language of legislation, as dis¬ 
tinct from, the content of par¬ 
ticular Bills, should be pro¬ 
perly supervised by ministers, 
and I have considered your 

In b session when the Govern- suggestion that a Cabinet minis- 
ment has produced 79 Bills, an ter should be specifically 
average exceeding two Bills for charged with this, 
every week Parliament has sat, “My conclusion is that no 
and when there is increasing change in the existing minis- 

concern among parliamentarians 
and lawyers about the intel¬ 
ligibility of legislation, Sir 
David told the Prime Minister 
that n most members of our 

terial arrangements is called 
for; this general responsibility 
is already clearly placed on the 
law ministers, subject of course 
to the collective responsibility 

committee feel strongly that of ministers generally, with the 

there should be a Cabinet minis- Lord Chancellor a member of 
ter responsible for the general the Cabinet. - 
«rticfure and language of legis- “Moreover, while acknow- 

ledgfng the overall responsl- 
PnMnrU Fdurnrinn <«r bilitv of ,aw ministers for the 

dS comS„. e d Xr 4 e quality of legislation, I would 
Government might consider the 1101 wish 1Q aQ ? t0 
Canadian model of a school in 

legislative drafting. ponsibfhty of parliamentary 

legislative oral ng counsel to the departmental 

By Christopher Thomas 
Labour Staff 

Hundreds of thousands of 
chain stores will close for four 
consecutive days over Christ¬ 
mas for the first time, as a 
result of a campaign by tbe 
Union of Shop, Distributive and 
Allied Workers (Usdaw). 

“ We regard this as a major 
success”, a union official said. 
“ Most of the major super¬ 
market chains will not open on 
Christmas Day, Boxing Day or 
the following two days. Many 
of our members will have their 
first real Christmas break 

Agreements . have so for 
been concluded with Tesco, 
Fine Fare, Key Markets, 
Baxters and Dewborsts, and 
Usdaw says it will soon reach 
agreement with all the Co-op 
shops, totalling 120 , 000 . 

Usdaw said: “We do not 
yet know the position with 

British Home 
time Christmas 

on a 

Thursday we tried to get this 
sort of agreement but with 
limited success. This time they 
were'reluctant at first until 
they saw what other shops were 
.doing. This is a great oppor¬ 
tunity for sbapworicers to have 
a proper Christmas break.” 

Tbe agreement was readied 
in talks with ;tne Multiple 
Grocery Employers’ Associa¬ 

Other shops - to dose * are 
Little woods, Marks- ' and 
Spencer, - Wool worth and 
Boots; Selfridges in the West 
End; Lewis’s; Owen Owen in 
provincial cities, and Deben- 
hams in Birmingham and Nun¬ 
eaton. Usdaw said' taBoP were 
continuing with other chain 

died easily” and told how be 
■e*dhall be^a bad tried to choke and then 
batter her. He had said; “It 
^for^compui- .-**» re «^y £b« did it. 
n d has been y°“ kncw - There was some- 
orSLiTS thing inside me. I want to see 
a priest It is ever since I saw 

_■. that Him, The Exorcist. I felt 

. ', something take possession of 
• 'me. It has been in me ever 

Sill If Turning to the attack on the 
® ■ girl\ he had said: “I don’t 
know-^why I killed ho 1 . It was 
this spirit inside me.” In a 
later alleged statement he con¬ 
tinued ; V One night I was 
We do not alone at hbme playmfi with the 
osition with board andVwhile doing so felt 
Stores. Last something wad. was happening, 
fell on a I kept having nightmares about 
I to get this Satan and Mendoss, the prince 
it but with of darkness.U felt mean and 
ais time they nasty towardsSpeopIe and was 
: -first until taking delight \in mutilating 
t shops were birds?* V 

great oppor- He was alleged to^bgye told 
icers to have how-he' had seen tbetyoung 
s break. girl “and just went wHu-jiand 
was readied crazy”. He ended has accoitot 
be Multiple by saying: “ She stoppeeL 
rs* Associa- twitching and I knew she was 
dead .That is all I can say, 
i dose ‘ are except I am sorry. 1 think that 
arks- and inside it wasn't ttally me that 
rorth and was doing this terrible thing.” 
in the West Mr Lauristen said the killing 
fen Owen in was a senseless mid motiveless 
and Debea- murder trinch occurred shortly 
im .and Non- after BeH had seen the film 
i taBs were and since that time he had 
other chain been seriously disturbed. 

■ The case continues today. 

TUC will press for import controls 

In fact Sir David was raising sunset ™ “ e aepartmeonu 
lints of extreme importance "“Hf 1 *" *° r the drafting of a 

points of ■ 
to a relatively small number of 
specialists. In and outside 
Parliament, who have to apply 

eme importance 
small number of 

public Bill and the minister’s 
own responsibility to Parlia¬ 
ment for the legislation which 

By Tim Jones 

Mr Wilson will be told today 
that failure to impose selective 
import controls might be a 
major factor causing unemploy- 

ents, television tubes, textiles;, 
clothing and footwear by impos¬ 
ing temporary quota restraints. 
In addition the committee 

the Government has not ruled 
out temporary selective protec¬ 
tive measures: 

The committee will ask the 

, w „j lirAC » - menu That is the essential- sure that public funds are not 

Bills often hurriedly drafted &e introduces. _ theme of a document the TUC use ^ to imported goods 

and inadequately scrutinized. . 0 “ recruitment and train- nom j c rn rnTn i npp P re^ unless there is clear evidence 
In his reply Mr Wilson said in 5 of parliamentary counsel, eccnoimc^coinminee^^ym^ pre- 6f Ae larJf of a satjrfactnrv 
__Mr Wilson wrote thar the Gov- 

will'ask the Government to en- Government to negotiate bind- 

that the essential points were 
rbar the Lord President of tbe 
CountiL as leader of the 
House;- bad general oversight of 

Mr Wilson wrote that the Gov¬ 
ernment was taking all steps 
to augment and strengthen the 
resources of the Parliamentary 

ing bilateral trade ^agreements 
with major suppliers -of sensi¬ 
tive goods which should also 
seek to reduce barriers' to 
British exports. * . - I 

The' docuOith^seys'rthat be- - 

Study in concentration: Reiner Hochmuth, 
joint winner of the Imperial Tobacco Cello 
Festival, rehearsing a Boccherini cello concerto 
in London under Paul Torte lier’s baton. 

Junior doctors fail to resolve 
dispute with Mrs Castle 

ijTjohn Roper ' they will not accept a c6mpr(h 

Medjtica] Reporter - mise. 

Doctors’ leaders failed to Action intensifies: All-junior 
reach\ agreement with Mrs doctors at Ashton-under-Lyne 
CastleA Secretary of State for General Hospital^ Greater Man- 

Social SeCT”^v rda^ e a bom 6 the Chester, withdrew their services. 
Commoiis\.^ e r^y f or 24 hours from 9 am yester- 

jonior doctor^.disput^ day (tfae Association 

Further tiA. SCflSS10US wlU take reports). Today they will revert 
^ ^e^nune emergencye cover 

rtSte? fhe ^detrhnent ” On Merseyside, junior doctors 

clause,’thro ugh thk^operation of will meet on Monday to decide 
which ahnuc ^c tho(L :sani i junior whether to jam colleagues in a 
SS^SS^sf^y^er 40*our due 
The new contract VOight be to start next month. In tiie 
resolved. The Gover~ nment ’ s Chesterfield area of Derbyshire 
^rTsthaTmoreJ^ ^ hospitals, wfll han^dle emergency 

Government’s legislative Counsel’s Office, 

programme and thus of the flow 
of work to the Parliamenaiy 
Counsel’s Office. 

Departmental ministers were 

Where appropriate, parlia¬ 
mentary agents (who usually 
handle private Bills and are 
registered at Westminster) had 

responsible, with the support been used. 

Father jailed Pennies may be 

forincest just pennies. 

sent to the Prime Minister of the lack of a satisfactory seek to reduce barriers- to 
The committee will call on alternative British product. • British, exports, ' •; - 

the Government: fundamentally „,?? ui 2 n £ «« f ?V" The dortznic^s«yS that; Ve¬ 

to modify .the free trade philo- 'Wilsoh is likely to,reiterate his cause" of a”flberiri_-trading 
sophy andjfollow a “coordin- view that controls .canisoyite,/.policy,' imjioriei^i^dfcts have 
ated trade and Industry strategy retahaDon, and point to thause gained a. •strong'^' fbbtiiold. ’ 
designed to prevent tire further of existing measures, rocq.' as . "However, the fact .that the 
erosion of the United Kingdom, ana-damping powers and aego-f import; penetratioh of some 
manufacturing industry”. nated voluntary restraint, as * manufactured and.- semi-niaim- 

In particular Mr Wilson will protection. . factured- products* has now 

be asked to'prevent any further He has recognized jn.-'.ail .^gched very high- levels doca 
increase in Imports of “sensi- earlier letter to the TUC that- -reflect seriously on the com= 
tive goods ’* such as cars, car imports can cause' unemploy- - peri live ability of United King- 
components, electronic compon- ment, and has indicated fhaf dom manufacturing. 

ated trade and Industry strategy 
-designed to prevent the further 
erosion of the United Kingdom 
manufacturing industry”. 

In particular Mr Wilson will 
be asked to'prevent any further 
increase in Imports of “sensi¬ 
tive goods’* - such as cars, car 
components, electronic compon- 

junior d^tors^disput^ ^ (tfae Association 

Further discussions will take r g^ orts j Today they will revert 

P Toda^^^ a %£***. emergen<76 COver 

SStte? rile ^detrrinent ” On Merseyside, junior doctors 

clause,’thro ugh thL\ operation of will meet on Monday to decide 
whidi about jumor whether to join colleagues in a 

under 40*onr due 
The- new contract fc-TUght be to start next month. In the 
resolved. The Gover" nment ’ s Chesterfield area of Derbyshire 
Swl diaTLre^SSk? ^ hospitals wfllhandli 8 ^£f e , ncy 
Eft b? found^aSe ?^ a - cases only irom November 3. 
payment would breach its wa^* In Birmingham eye special- 
policy.. : \ , .ists .began- a 24-hour- strike 

The : difficulty- was to- - yesterday- IThe steike, -at 
out Jmrne‘agreement that migEf .Biruunghdin and Midland - Eye 
perstiade- jtiBior ddctorS> 4b-eSSf Hospital,- left consultants^ tQ 
their .-- unofficial - ^industrial; -handle urgent .cases. . ti .. 

-f' Minister criticized: Mrs Castle 
M^ifals decide^ -yeS- criticized last- r> %bt by Sir 

terday to-hrSat emergency, cases 
only. In - three other Condon 
teaching hospitals they, are con¬ 
sidering sMiiar action-." 

MHitantS; - have made. : clear 
-.that- unless * junior doctors are 
guaranteed - ■'against . losing 
money under {, contract 

offrey. Bfawe, - QC, shadow 
ancellor of the Exchequer 
nr Political Staff writes)’. He 
a her “ schizoid style ” -was 
fcing the National Health 
Tice from - one-- cr^is to 

Tories will 
oppose , 

Mr Prentiee ■, 

at Newham (l 1 

Newham ’North-east Coosa£' - 

lives hare disowned a •* 

■ment issued by some of '■ 

officers-recently not to fid?* 
candidate . at the next teslj ■- 
election i£ Mr Reg'Pren^^- 
to fight as an mdepeJr?: •' 

This decision was reacW'l. ;" 
a private meeting of the-iw- ". 
Conservative executive coSS- 
on. Tuesday, when- l ' 

derided overwhelmingly , m . 

select a prospective candid '* 
whatever Mr Premice’s ; 

stances- /T; 

The origin^ stataw' v: 

angered some Ccms«y^^ ■; 
MPs, who said that any - 

shotdd not be infiueacefcvi 
an internal dispute is 
Labour Party. -rT'- 

Newham Conservatives **1 
yesterday: “Reference- 

made to the press r^, 
issued by tit»e four officers ^ 
the association earlier this.^v.- 
and this was regretted 
majority of those present 
“ It was felt that the assocb. 
rion had a duly to aH tW-: 
who wished to vote ConsemJ ■ 
tive to provide them with a oj* 
didate at every election. - 
“This view was endorsedk. 
a subssantial majority of tfe&j , 
present and also a majorhj ^ 
tbe officers who signed ^ 
press release.” 

The original release ^ 
issued by Mr Cyril Ruggj&ijr.. 
man, Mr Stanley Norton, dee- 
president, Mr William EngZah, 
treasurer, and Mr Roiuy 
Wotherspoon. vice-chairman. ^ 
Tuesday’s meeting Mr Rnggand 
Mr English changed their 
minds, Mr Norton was .absent 
and only Mr Wotherspoon sank 
to his original point. 

. Mr Wotherspoon said later 
I found myself in a minority ot 
one. If the. association feeLttay 
want my resignation, tbey^oola 
have it. • ■ 

What is happening to Mr Praafce 
is a threat to democracy {nan a- I 
treadsts and should be ntisaL 
It is wrong for the Consauthe 
Party to view that threat •; 
concern hut not be ptepuedei 

? nt its money where its nxnffli fc. 

was, therefore, contistent with 
my views last night- :I itspecc. 
their point of view bat. I rtflf dis¬ 
agree with it. 

Car premiums 
rise again 

Almost a million, motorists, 
were warned yesterday of a far¬ 
ther increase in insurance pre-' 
miams. The Prudential Assue- 
ance and Zurich Insurance 
groups will step up their rates 
bv an average of 15 per cent 
from next month. • 

Prudential, with 600,000 
motorists, last increased pre¬ 
miums, by .27 per cent in Mardt 
Zurich, with 300,000, increased 
rates by an average of 20 per 
cent, in . May. The companies 
yesterday blamed inflation and 
spiralling costs. 

Stonchouse hearing , 

-Committal proceeding! j 

against John Stonehouse, MP, 
adjourned yesterday after legal 
submissions about evidence, j 
resume today at Horsefmy 
Read Magistrates’ Court. 


A father of seven, aged 39, 
was jailed for three years yes¬ 
terday after being found guilty 
of committing incest with his 
daughter, aged 14. 

The jury at St Albans Crown. 
Court took five minutes to 
reach a verdict - on the man, 
who had pleaded not guilty but 
elected to give-no evidence and 
sat is silence. 

just pennies. 

New pennies may 'W called 
simply “pennies”, MPs were 
told yesterday. Mij Davies, 
Minister of State at the 
Treasury, said: “Proposals to 
omit the word 'new* from in¬ 
scriptions on the coinage are 
under consideration and it is 
hoped to make an announce¬ 
ment soon.” 

BBC editor complains to 
Law Society on secrecy 

Trustees destroyed student expfc r i meil t> NUS chief says 

Winter Travel 

Land on Loan from Nature 

In the first of three articles, Michael Wright 
examines the polyglot civilisation of Malaysia. 

Land of Emperor and Bey 
Veronica Hitchcock writes about the History 
and Landscape of Algeria. 

Jewels of Central Alaska 
Bryan Sage describes the Wrangell Mountains 
in Alaska, and the variety of plant and 
animal life found there. 

Restoring a Venetian Church 

Sir Ashley Clarke discusses the restoration work 
in progress on the 12th century 
San Nicolo dei Mendicoli in Venice. 

Not Just a Sport, More a Way of Life 

Peter Wood looks at the attractions of the 
Italian ski resort of Macugnaga, 
xmcrowded except at weekends. 

on sale non'j 35 pence 

Mr Brian Gibson, editor of the 
BBC television network pro¬ 
gramme Day and Night, com¬ 
plained to the Law Society in 
London yesterday about O’Dowd 
and Co, a Birmingham firm of 
solicitors. Tbe society said that 
the complaint would be inves¬ 

Tbe move came after partners 
in O’Dowd and Co had opened 
and read sealed documents 
deposited with them. Tbe papers 
related to alleged corruption in 
the Metropolitan Police. 

They had been given to Mr 
Gibson by a retired senior 

police officer who had sug¬ 
gested that a programme should 
be prepared about corruption. 
After reading the papers Mr 
Anthony Thomas, a partner in 
O’Dowd and Co, acting on the 
advice of the Law Society, told 
tbe West Midlands police about 
them and refused - to return 
them to the BBC. 

A police inquiry into tbe 
matter has started. Mr Gibson 
said he was concerned about 
what confidentiality a client 
could expect from a solicitor 
and added that the police had 
the documents 

From a Staff Reporter 

Mr Charles Clarke, president 
of the National Union of Stu¬ 
dents, told the public inquiry 
into the affairs of Fir croft 
College, Birmingham, yesterday 
that there had been no need 
for the governors to dose the 

vened to make threats of dosure fully wi® 
and other disruption.” only mat! 

Mr Clarke suggested that Mr Clal 
the coBege should be immedi- staff and 
acely reopened with full public . able to. tal 
funding and public accounts- of the mil 
bility. It was tragic that the Tradition o: 
opportunities for education of ticularly Lj 
50 trade union students had tion Ass# 
been sacrificed by tbe actions - students \ 
of the trustees. thev were! 

The NUS conmdered that the Fircroffl 

1 tbe staff or .students 
le the situation worse. 

educational experiment wM, 
if the trustees had not destrojed 

Mr said all academic it, might have blazed the W 

students should be to new and better wajs a- 
part in discussions educational control”, ■ 

ticularly i 
turn Ass# 
students 1 
thev were 

! students should be 

Ce part in discussions _ _ 

5 ;es to be taught. The On Friday, October 24^«w‘ 
x adult education, par- reported that Mr J. C. Cadfeay 
n the Workers’ Eauca- had said that the college/iawM. 
iciatioxi, was that the be closed for one-year 
should control what courses on the ground* that 
I taught. trade union students 'wets 

^students stated that ungovernable. (This was alleged 
’orfield, the principal, in evidence submitted » A 
^ened free speech, and inquiry on behalf of the tutosl 
'itded him from the Mr Cadbury asks us to. cafc 
f programme . and clear that no such state**■ 
riieir own education has ever been made by him JW* 
tajie NUS considered be has beqn a lifelong support* : 
“an important of trade union education*'- 

MP expects support for 
England devolution motion 

NOON TOOAV frtjiiirt it shown in milllbon FRONTS W 


By our Political Correspondent 

Discontent among English 
MPs about the special benefits 
that will apparently flow to 
Scotland and Wales under the 
Government’s devolution pro¬ 
posals continued at Westmin¬ 
ster yesterday. 

Mr Robert Kil ray-Si lk. 
Labour MP for Ormsldrk, ex- . 
' pects to get wide backing from 
English MPs for the motion he 
tabled lost night stating that 
any legislation setting up 
assemblies for Scotland and 
Wales should include similar 
proposals for an assembly for 

Mr Callaghan, the Foreign 
and Commonwealth Secretary, 

£100,000 to be 
spent on PO 
block amenities 

The Government is to spend 
£ 100,000 on enlarging a 
restaurant and providing a new 
coffee lounge and games room 
for Post Office staff in Euston 
Tower, the 37-storey office 
block in Loudon, it was dis¬ 
closed last night 

Two years ago the Depart¬ 
ment of the Environment was 
criticized by the Comptroller 
and Auditor General for spend¬ 
ing more than £500.000 on 
alterations at the tower, which 
opened in 1970. 

The changes are being made 
because civil servants who work 
in the building have been 
using tbe Post Office resiauranr. 
That has led to overcrowding 
and difficulties for kitchen 

responded quickly at question 
time when Mr Gordon Wilson, 
Scottish National MP for 
Dundee, East, suggested that 
Scottish ministers should rep¬ 
resent the Unked Kingdom at 
the forthcoming international 
talks on oil. 

Mr Callaghan said : “ I do not 
know of any special Scottish 
claim which exceeds that of 
Wales or of England. ... I 
hope and believe that the Gov-. 
eminent of the United Kingdom 
will continue to represent the 
whole of the United Kingdom.” 

_ That won cheers from both 
sides of the House, but the 
naiionaljsts protested. 

Parliamentary report, page 6 

college. The NUS considered that the Fircroffl 

He continued: " The students , response of the student body at Mr A. J. C 
were studying* the academics Fir croft to the events in which had threai 
were teaching, the whole com- they found themselves had been they ex cl 
rnunity was operating in an restrained. Every -attempt was teaching 
entirely satisfactory manner made to ensure that the college devised i 
except at those times when the ran smoothly. The refusal of the course. ! 
principal and trustees inter- trustees to discuss the matter that that 

No action to 
be taken on 
bereaved man 

The Director of Public Prose¬ 
cutions has told Northumbria 
police to take no further action 
in the case of Mr Alfred 
McNaB,' aged 38, of Cromer 
Avenue, Low Fell, Gateshead, 
whose .daughters, Beverley, 
aged nix, and Alison, aged 
three, were found strangled on 
September .19 and whose wife, 
Mary, aged 36, was found dead 
from a drug overdose tbe - next 
day. 1 .V - . 

Later Mr McNall was found 
in tears in a field at Stanhope. 
The police said yesterday that 
tbe matter had been referred 
back to tha coroner who opened 
and adjounted an inquest into 
the three deaths. 

hnH>hri a ® ened £ree spe*ch, and 

fw^rif uded him the 

they.excl* nrotrammA nnH 

t programme . and 
pheir own education 
£uie NUS considered 
J'vas “an important 

Jury split after 82-day 
trial over club fight \ 


. A Central Criminal Court said they could ubt agree in the 
jury failed to agree yesterday cases of Denis' Bovell, aged 21, 
after an 82-day trial in tbe case a disc jockey, W Battersea 
of three young coloured men Church Road, Royaeld Dockery, 
accused in connexion with a aged 18. a nlumben of Mavbonk 

accused in connexion with a aged 18, a plumbed of Maybonk 
fight ar a club in nortb London. Road, Wembley, A and Oliver 
The jury was discharged and Francis, aged 23, 

consideration wilj be given to 
a new trial. 

The trial began with 12 young 
coloured men in the dock. One 
was acquitted part of the way 
through the case, and the jury 
gave not guilty verdicts on 
another seven on Tuesday. 

Francis; aged 23, dp electrical 
technician, of BucVanan .Gar¬ 
dens, Earlesdcn. \ 

All the defendants denied 
taking part in an affray at the 
Cnrib Continental IcQub at 
Cricklewood last October when 
140 policemen were fcalled to 

Yenerday the cleared deal with a disturbance. 

Earl Scott, aged 19, unemployed, Mr Michael Corkeryl for the 
of Kingsley Road, Kilbum, of prosecution, said earliei in tbe 
causing an affray and assault trial that violence erupt® after 
ing the police and he was dis- three policemen had goneto the 

Sunrises: Sunsets: 

6.49 am 4.39 pm 

Moon rises ; Moon sets: 
1-20 am 2.2S pm 

New Moon : November 3. 

Lighting up : 5.9 pm to 6.21 am -' 
High water: London Bridge, 835 
am. 6J2m (202ft) ; 9.48 pm, 6 . 6 m 
(Zl.SFt). Avonraourh. 2.38 am, 
10.7m (35.1ft) ; 3.11 pm, 11.3m 
(37.MI). Dover, 6.34 am, 5.9m 
(192ft) j 7.16 pm, 6.0m (19,6ft). 
Hull, 1.6 am, fi.2m (20.5ft) ; 2.11 
pm, 6.2m (20.5ft). Liverpool. 6.56 
am,_7.9m (25.9ft) ; 7.22 pm, 83m 

Troughs of low pressure will 
move NE across all areas. 
Forecasts for 6 am to midnight: 

London, SE England, East 

Anglia: Rather . n,al ? ,1 2 

dry, mist In placed c 3 I L r '!? t ’ 
Sgjigbt, .becomiD^c^rterate or 
fresh; max temp u 155 F). 

Central S and N*' ^d- 

lands: Rather clomfy 1 * ^“ttle rain 
In places; wind SB 
moderate or fresh; tem P 13 C 

(55-F)- ¥ 

E. NE England, Edin- 

burgh,-.-Dundee: B j 3 "?* cloady, 
mainly dry; wind SI 2 mndcr- 
Me^or fresh; rm* x tc WP 12’C 

Channel Islands, t ^'X-.« nR ^ and - 
S Wales: Cloudy, k a httle rain, 
becoming brighter \'.„ n S,„ in ? 1,,1 V 

dry; wind 515 veerinr^fresh 
or strong; max tempV 4 c ^“Pi- 
Outlook for tomv 1 row and 
Saturday: ChangeaS*"* with 

showers Or longer ouq breaks of 
rain but bright periods; l near 

normal. V 

^Borders. Edin- 
1 -other doady, 
or S, randcr- 

L* temp I2*c 

f SW England. 
K 3 httle rain. 
a nd mainly 

Sea passages: S Norte Sea, Slgk; 

of Dover: Wind S, mainly 
sea moderate. • • • ■ *r- 

English Channel E: 
fresh or strong; vistefliT? 
ate, sea moderate OT , e in. 

St George’s Channel, Insn^< 
Wing S, strong, perhaps local* 31 * 
sea rough. - - _ - . 

Yesterday- ... 

London : Temp nxax, G ^ ^ 

6 pm, 15 4 C:(-59*F>.; mta| 6 M 
6 am, 5*C (41’F). 

90 per cent.. Enin, 24to » 

uraciL Sun, 24hrtd 6 p®v - 4 
Bar, mean sea levels 6 .P 
millibars, -wfiadyl , 

1,000 millIb ar8=*29^3Jg- d. : 

Austria: Sch 'r.lSSSff'DKr 
cmuuiea, VXX 

WEATHER REPORTS YESTERDAY MIDDAY: c, cloud ; A ' d **»zzle ; »S 
f, fair; s, sun... . .. ... T SECT 

charged. club to.question a man about a 

The juror.-s were then sent car. He said the area blcame 
back to consider their verdicts a virtual battlefield- The defen- 
on the three remaining defen- dante alleged -some pplicc 
dants. They returned, later and briicality.' 







fieri In 

C F 

* S 5 25 CaMfir 
1 33 .73 Cologne 

C P 
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s 10 60 L. 

. . C. P 

Jenry / IS S.1 Nice 

£ „5 *1 cownhon a 6 4.5 Lisbon e l‘i 6h S3n 

« 13 SSSiP ^ e 15 96 Ukum a 18 04 Parts 

! S? haintnuvh §3 London _ c 11 na Revhi 

* 04 Tg FtoMncc a IT 

f 31 70 
c A ai 

/ l S 52 £ unchal f 31 70 Mad) 

llcrilzi c ■ 3 37 - Geneva c s di Mata 

»gmw . * 33 75 cihraitar I 1 * 66 wSG 

Bbrnnh rag V 4 f» Giinrnw r ix m • 

Brwoi >08- t as HeianuS* ita 

H Si Innsbruck s IB Sg .Mom 
Uudpst Foo . 7 45 Istanbul e 14 67 • Murt 

» . nevkjjt 

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Hnbg Fag 4 39 r 
adrid • a 19 f-h R 
■lorca a Si Vo si 
apoa s aa 72 .n 
faiu f Lid on v 

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hq ^ A .9 S? Mncwtr c. itas Vienna 

Si [”R*bruck s LB fjg .Moscow s .1 so u ' 

45 Istanbul c 14 .67. .MUMeh a . 7 45 zmnci. 

C P 
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)pp%E NEWS*_ 

Mr Jldowof driver who 
^Nijsd at waste tip ; 
4ticizes courtftne 

\? vidow of a lorry .driver, 
< I'.’sd in the fumes of a 

■ t ' ip where he was dis- 

\ -chemicals criticized 
0 fine imposed on his 
at: yesterday and pro-' 
L ':*.’ : ibat she had not-been 
t " ; to address the court. 
7; nda Carroll,' aged 27, 
-.?<e was considering an 

■ >h to her MP, Mr Marcus 

■ •• C • 

Reclamation Ltd, which 
op at Piusea, Essex, 

• /■'.Sr Thomas Carroll, aged 
/-■■•i in March, bad been. 
.El50 with £150 costs 
/esterday by magistrates 
-icay for failing, ro have 
' aible person supervising 
; on the fatal day. The 
: is part of tie Redland- 


■ defence said thar Mr 

from Stockwell, south 
. was killed by a “ thous- 
i.' ne ” chance -when the 

chemicals he dumped’ on top of 
another load-- interacted, and 
gave off. deadly fumes."- V. 

Mrs '.Carroll’ said j. after -the 
case, brought by. Essex County 
Council, that the Fine-was “ like 
smacking acbilrPs hand after, he 
has taken-same, sweets ”. 

“ I-anr disgusted tier-the-way 
it was presented,, im-court, piy 
husband -was - td - blame ", * she 
said. “Bat.I htfv'e been-stopped 
from asking questions or saying 
anything, botfr ‘at - . - the . inquest 
and-today;. . -... O. _. . 

“1 was -only .fold at the, time 
of my husband’s- detith’ by the 
company that he .had been 
found dead In bis lorry.- It was 
not. until a newspaper tele¬ 
phoned me' that X knew he was 
killed by noxioas fumes- . . . 

“ Redtend-Purle’s own inquiry 
cleared- my -husband’s name 100 
per-cent, - but today it has been 
made to seem that it was his 
mis mfr* -that caused hu” 

ion wants an inquiry 
;i> rubbish dump 

:-:; V nion leader yeste rday 
. V- ;or a public in qwry into 
■:-.'ish tip after the deaths . 
dustmen and a. tractor 
:: -Vin the past six months, 
'•-/other'men.-who worked 
ip at Moriey, near Leeds, 
foten taken ilL ' 

: Malcolm. Reid, area 
/. of the- National 110100 
-.‘'lie Employees, said that, 
vaste was buried at the 
fo years ago,-even though 
was later cleared by a 
-. expert. 

■„ owners, George Ann*- ■ 
'-ad Sons, of Leeds, deny 
• . »dc waste has ever been 
d on the site. 

.' Is City Council says that 
•’ sor Desmond Bradshaw, 

;es to 

-allenge BR 

- .r Air Correspondent 

'V-ish Airways is to enter 
. -s competition with British 
jetween Birmingham and 
. >w and Edinburgh by cul- 
ime fares by almost half, 
m Saturday ~ it will be , 
: .]e to bay a return by air 
. 22.60 compared with the 
jI return by air of £42.50. 
an extra £2.60 the journey 
.is cot from four boors, 
-i half by rail to 55 min- 
' *, British Airways said 

e new fares marketed' as; 
Jit purchase excursions , 

s. To qualify, it will be 
■ssary to book after 2 pm ! 
he day before travel for. 
of between three and *14 
s. Outward and return 
leys will have to be booked 
e same time, end the stay 
include a weekend, 
tish Airways gave the 
?Ie of a person from the 
_nds planning a weekend 
inburgh. He will be able 
jok an Ipex fare for 
w after 2 pm on a Thursday. 
.7 i..-light the next day, return- 
le following Monday, or 
ay within the next two 
except weekends. 

a specialist in community 
medicine, established: that the 
deaths could not be attributed 
to the' tip'. The site was also 
examined by -West Yorkshire 
County Council experts,' who 
found- no evidence ctf illegal 
waste -deposits. 

Mr Reid said: “I have in¬ 
formation, which I have had 
confirmed, that at least up to 
three years ago toxic waste, 
thought to be cyanide, was 
buried on the site. I shall not 
be satisfied until a clean hill 
of health has been given to the 

At the inquests on the three 
men k was stated that one'died 
from a heart attack, the other 
two from "aJcoboKc poisoning. 

Doctor oil 



The head of a hospital drag 
addiction -unit and a pharmacist, 
appeared before, a. Bir min g h a m 
magistrate yesterday on-charges 
all eg ing misuse of drags. 

John Owens. aged 48, of‘ AD 
Saints’ Hospital, Birmingham, 
medical,.practitioner, and Pat-, 
rick Thomas Lucas, aged 44> 
of JBoUyfieJd Road South, 
Sutton Coldfield,' the pharma¬ 
cist, were " remanded until 
December XO.'Bothwere allowed 
£5,000 bail with a £5,000 surety. 

Dr Owens faces eight charges 
relating to prescriptions and six 
of unlawfully, supplying drags f, 
Mr Lizcaj is -charged with six 
similar offences. • "r 

Inspec to r Harold Penfold ©f 
West .Midlands drugs squad, 
applied for the remand on the 
instructions of the pirector or 
Public Prosecutions. 

Second man on; 
death charge 

A* second: man was charged 
yesterday with murdering Mrs 
Beatrice Gold, a dress shop 
owner, found shot at-her factory 
in Islington last-month. 

Robert Alert Rossi, aged 52. 
an asphalter, -of Rowley Gar¬ 
dens, Woodoeny Down, Fins¬ 
bury Park, was remanded in 
custody at Clerkenwell Magis¬ 
trates’ Court until November-5. 
On Sannrday, Erred CHve Heib- 
ner, aged 30, a painter, of 
Lefevre Walk, Bow,, was reman¬ 
ded in custody until November 

schools ^ 
debate m |; 

Lords -/BBf 

By Our Education.' ." 
Correspondent • - 

. The House-of Lords Is to det 
bate a censure motion r <m The 
Government’s 'policy to :phase 
out direct-grant schools. - Bur it 
will be a week too. late to scop 
the regulations,' bow before 
Parliament,’ from going through-. 

Lord Elton, ’a : Conservative* 
education - spokesman . in • -the 
Lords, said' they bad . managed 
to find -room -for- A. debate, o'u. 
November 12,.'the.last .moment 
possible before the: present'ses-. 
sion ends. .. - .'- 

He - told' me- yesterday: “ It 
will be-very much a paper exeaV 
dse. 'We must have a.platform 
for demon strati ng our concern 
and- commitment for, 
grant' schools . 

The last dine- on -which ±e 
House coii^d-have successfully 
moved - a -prayer.,against the 
regulations .was .November EL /. 

“ It is. tragic :tbat we were' 
prevented \fof'; perfectly legiti¬ 
mate'and. constitutional .reasons 
of lack of' parliamentary time 
from moving'the' prayer ”, h® 

M Bpt had we been successful 
the only result would - have been 
that tihe Government wpnld have 
laid- pew regulations, down 24 
hours afterwards.They would 
have come into .effect 40 days 
after that". ‘ 

- The policy to .phase out die 
direct grant did not take effect 
until next September.: - “ We_ 
feel there .would; have been a 
bit of an anti-climax then, be¬ 
cause we could not really-have 
opposed the regnlanons again.": 

Warning on altering cities’ scale 

Summonses against 
financier dropped 

By our--Planning Reporter 
. The crucial political issue of 
..the next decade might be what 
was to happen to public ex¬ 
penditure when gross national 
product 'was ' static, Mr Ewart 
Parkinson said' in his presiden¬ 
tial address to die Roys) Town 
Planning Institute last night. 

Town planners - were con¬ 
cerned with most of the choices 
for '■ allocating : resources. It 
looked, for example, as if hous¬ 
ing and social services might 
benefit, at the expense of. edu¬ 
cation and transport. . r. , 

A choice would have ta be 
'made between .public and pri¬ 
vate transport. Planners would 

have to give more attention to 
a variety of small-scale, un- 
glamorous, traffic measures 
that were not capital-intensive, 
such as bus lanes, and more 
facilities for pedestrians and 

Growth of scale in our society 
had been linked with economic 
growth. People in Britain 
accepted tbe need for planning; 
what they were apprehensive 
about was the planner, Mr Par¬ 
kinson said. 

“Clearly planners are seen 
as harbingers of social change, 
that is bad enough. But more, 
the change they herald is 
generally a change of scale. 

“Small houses are changed 
into big blocks of flats; little 
shoos are changed into super¬ 
markets ; little buildings are 
changed into office sky¬ 
scrapers ; little factories are 
changed into massive works i 
green fields are. changed into 
huge council housing estates. 
Perhaps worst of all in people’s 
eyes, urban motorways change 
the scale of the . traditional 

With no population growth 
and no economic growth it 
might now be easier to achieve 
human qualities in our environ¬ 

Democracy faces 
three threats, 
economises told 

Three dangers threaten the 
parliamentary, .'system* Mr. 
Dick Taverne, ,QC, told guess 
at a dinner of the Economic 
League at Hutf last night. The 
centre of poEdcs needed to be 
strengthened to' safeg uard the 
system: tijat; was the strongest 
argument for - electoral reform, 

He ontlined the dangers as 
first, the parliamentary system 
-was less representative than-at 
any ti"»« since the war, with 
about a fifth of the electorate 
deprived of effective representa¬ 
tion; second, recent elections 
bad shattered ihe continuity of 
policy that industry , needed to 
prosper; third, and most serious 
of all, “we can np lpnger be 
sure that undemocratic forces 
will be kept out of power”. 

Mr Hain was refused legal 
aid twice, solicitor says 

Mr Pieces: Haim, the Young 
Liberals’, leader, who was 
granted ba-H on. Tuesday on a 
Dank theft charge, has twice 
been refused legal aid, Mr John 
Dun don, his solicitor, said yes¬ 

It was refused by the magi¬ 
strate ait South Western Court, 
London, where Mr Hain was 
remanded on Tuesday, and re¬ 
jected again yesterday by the 
same magistrate, he said. 

- Mr Dundon’s statement said ; 
“ I am dismayed at this refusal 
Peter Hain is a man of limited 
financial resources facing a 
charge which is of the utmost 
gravity for him. 

“Technically there is no fin¬ 
ancial liHTMir g n yMi miTig tbe grant 
of legal and in criminal cases 
and am any event at die con¬ 

clusion of any legal-aid case 
the court has power to order 
the defendant to make a contri¬ 
bution in appropriate cases, 
thus protecting the public fund. 

“We now face a situation 
where Pieoer Hain may exhaust 
his financial resources before 
the conclusion of this case and 
would then have to reapply for 
legal aid,' when presumably it 
would be granted. 

“ This is a profoundly un¬ 
satisfactory state of affairs for 
the defence, and a cause for 
deep, regret 

Mr Ham, aged 25, a research 
student, of Fawe Park Road, 
Putney, was remanded on £100 
bail on Tuesday, accused of 
stealing £490 from a branch of 
Barclays Bank in Upper Rich¬ 
mond Road, near his home. 

Sir Denys Lowsoo, a former 
Lord Mayor of London, and 
City financier, died last month 
at the age of 69 within three 
hours of summonses being 
issued against him and before 
they could be served, it was 
stated yesterday. He was 
accused of conspiracy to de¬ 
fraud- shareholders in some of 
his companies: 

At Bow Street Magistrates’ 
Court yesterday Mr John 
Mathew, for the Director of 
Public Prosecutions, applied to 
withdraw summonses against Mr 
Thomas Daniel Mullins, a busi¬ 
ness associate of Sir Denys. Mr 
Evelyn Russell, the magistrate, 
granted the application. 

Mr Mathew said two summon¬ 
ses were issued against Sir 
Denys and Mr Mullins at Bow 
Street on September 10, on the 
application of the DPP. _ They 
were accused of conspiring to¬ 
gether to defraud shareholders 
of certain companies in the 
Lowson group. 

It was alleged that they dis¬ 
honestly bought shares from 
these companies at deliberately 
low prices, knowing they could 
be sold afterwards at much 
higher ones, “which is indeed 
what happened”, Mr Mathew 
said. The profit made was more 
than £5m. 

Had Sir Denys not died, 
“proceedings would have been 
continued against both principal 
defendants”, Mr Mathew said. 
The profit to Mr Mullins had 
been more than £200,000; that 
sum had been set aside, with 
interest, as restitution to share¬ 
holders in the companies 

Mr Mathew said he under¬ 
stood, that the allegation against 
Mr Mullins, aged 70, of Bright- 

stone Isle of Wight, would have: 
been contested strongly. The 
allegation would have been that - 
while playing a much lesser 
part than Sir Denys he neveft, 
the less knowingly cooperated, 
in the conspiracy. There was 
no doubt at all that the prime; 
mover was Sir Denys. . : 

It was felt that Sir Denytfs,- 
absence from the dock might 
well have prejudiced the rase, 
for the Crown, and Mr Muffins j 
might also have been prq-, 
judiced in being able to press?, 
his case. __ J. 

Mr Mathew said Triumph^ 
Investments, one of _ the com-, 
panies involved, was in liquida¬ 
tion. He also pointed out that, 
the whole of tbe profit from 
the transaction made by Sir 
Denys and his family had been 
repaid with interest. 

Mr Mullins had now retiretv; 
and had no directorships ox* 
any kind. " Neither the inrerests 
of die public nor the interests- 
of justice require what 
doubtedly would have been 
long, complicated and expensive^ 
proceedings against him”. 

Sir Deoys Lowson’s commer¬ 
cial group was worth almost; 
£200m and he was . one .of th& 
richest men in Britain. At the 
age of 44 he became the 
youngest Lord Mayor the City 

had ever had. The transacting 
mentioned in court took place- 
in 1972; a report by Depart-* 
meat of Trade and Industry 
inspectors afterwards stated that 
Sir Denys had been guilty of 'a* 
grave breach of duty as a direct 

Mr Mullins was known as the. 
“father of unit trusts”. He 
helped to launch the National; 
Group in 1932, and later became.’ 
a dose associate of Sir Demr.. 

ice inquiry 






x relief curbs on same 
me aimers proposed 

offices throughout the world. 

ristopher Warm an 



ne man, one mortgage 
* : i, giving less tax relief 
owner-occupier who can 
to exchange his property 
more expensive one, is 
the main proposals on 
g finance put forward 
[ay by the Housing 

included in evidence by 
itre, an independent, non- 
il organization,, to the 
anentis advisory group set 
review housing finance, 
mire’s proposals form a 
of financial measures 
for a period of 10 years, 
jr tbe present system 
for those paying tax 
the standard rate cost 
£90m in 1974-75. The 
recommends that tax 
should immediately be 
:ed to new mortgages at 
ndard rate only, and that 
ring mortgages it should 

uced progressively to the 

'd rate. 

centre said that although 
ie man, one mortgage 
would not alter the posi- 
the first-time mortgagor, 
for a second or subse- 
mortgage should be 
I only on the interest 
ould have been due if a 

25-year mortgage for the new 
higher amount had been taken 
out at tiie date of the original 

An owner moving house had 
the benefit of the new higher 
price, and full tax -relief for 
second-time: buyers was not 

In the public rented sector 
the centre proposes a national 
housing, account in which the 
pooled'loan charges of all local 
authorities would be divided by 
the pooled values of all houses 
in local authority ownership. 
A formula would allocate an 
annual target contribution to 
tbe account by each local autho¬ 
rity, leaving the authority free 
to fix individual rente. 

The centre believes that by 
those means each council would 
be able to fix its own individual 
rents without making unaccept¬ 
ably large increases. 

ft also proposes a common 
rate of tax relief subsidy to be 
applied to both mortgage in¬ 
terest and local authority loan 
charges. That should stmt 
initially at II per cent and be 
gradually reduced over a 10- 
year period, it says. 

Housing Finance Review- (Hous¬ 
ing Centre, 62 Chandos Place, Lon¬ 
don, WC2, £i>. 

Leading article, page 15 

The name is Roneo Vickers. We sold £71 miffion of equipment last year^-well over 

A group with branches and agents in more than a half of it overseas, 

hundred countries and manufacturing activities on five The solving of office problems is only one of the ways in 

continents. which Vickers is winning markets. 

. Roneo Vickers is the biggest British owned multi- It is bringing advances in fields as varied as printing 

product office equipment group and still growing fast. plates and nuclear equipment, microscopes and bottling 

Today we produce equipment ranging from office machinery, sea-bed engineering and metal decorating 

furniture to filing systems, from franking machines to presses. ■ _ 

computer forms, as well as designing and manufacturing In fact Vickers is doing well in many diiierent areas the 

the duplicating and offset machines for which we have one kind of things it has always done well. Providing resourceful 

of the most famous names in the world. and practical engineering. Producing the products that 

Allofwhichisverygoodfbrbusiness.Otiierpeople’s people need, 

and our own. 

Expansion from strength 

.Vkkos limited VkSasSMBC MUbarikToma; London SW1P4RA 



Mother of parliamentarians launches appeal 

Oxford Union needs £750,000 to set itself on a firm financial footing 

Dy Philip Howard 

The mast famous debating 
society in Britain after Parlia¬ 
ment herself yesterday laun¬ 
ched an appeal to ensure that 
it has a future. 

The Oxford Union needs 
£750,000 to pay off debts; to 
repair its High Victorian build¬ 
ings ; to set up a pension fund 
for its staff; and ro keep sub¬ 
scriptions within the range or 
impoverished undergraduates. 

The most eminent lawyers in 
England have spent about two 
>ears working out a scheme 
that will euable the appeal to 
he- classed as a charity. _ That 
lias- been done by creating a 
charitable associate of the 
union to be called the Oxford 
1-iterarv and Debating Union 

Walking paradigms of the 
Oxford Union manner, from Mr 
Harold Macmillan. Lord Hail- 
sham of St Marylebone, and Mr 
Robin Day to the present 
officers, launched the appeal 
and gave a virtuoso perform¬ 
ance of that manner. This is 
hard to define and impossible 
for outsiders to acquire arti¬ 
ficially- But it consists partly 
of.a love of the sound of one's 
own voice, and the narcissistic 
ability to stand up and talk 
r.bnuc oneself with great wit 
.md urbanity, while pretending 
to. be talking about more 
abstract matters. 

Mr Macmillan, who heard 
Lloyd George, smuggled! in past 
a barrage of mangold-wurzels, 
address the union in 1913, em¬ 
bodied in bis performance the 
justification for subscribing to 
save the state of the union. He 
was so acute and witty, and 
timed his pauses so master¬ 
fully, that he might almost have 
been launching himself into 
politics again, as the saviour 
from Birch Grave in the style 
of de Gaulle, instead of asking 
foe money. 

He said; “ The tradition of 
civilized debate for which the 
Oxford Union stands is more 
necessary today than ever 

before. We must try to cling 
to government by discussion, 
argument, and debate, rather 
than lapse into anarchy and 
force. For the first time for 
many years the whole idea of 
discussion and debate under 
rules of order and traditions 
of speaking is threatened in 
many parts of the world.” 

Examples of the Macmillan 
manner: “Tbe union gave men 
like Gladstone their first chance 
to speak in public (pause ;; that 
stern, unbending hope of the 
Tory party as a young man 
(pause); but people change, 
(laughter, followed by long 
pause). Michael Foot, a union 
man, is perhaps the new hope 
of the Tory Party.” 

On the money needed: “ I 

should like to get this amount 
so that we can stop paying 
usurious rates of interest on our 
debts (pause); and a little over, 
so that we can start attracting 
usurious rates of interest from 
the bank.” 

He said: "This is a cause 
not just for the union and the 
university. It is fundamentally 
the cause of, preserving the 
system of civilized debate on 
which our political life is 

Lord Hailsham , gave an 
equally characteristic and en¬ 
gaging demonstration of tile 
Hogg manner. It included,an 
unpublished anecdote and imita¬ 
tion of Sir Winston Churchill. 
During his 1930s in the wilder¬ 
ness Winston sat down beside 
the young Quimin Hogg in the 

union, much moved by a union 
ovation, and said (funny Win¬ 
ston voice): “The British, are 
said to be an unemotional 
people; but the truth is, if 
you can speak, you can do any¬ 
thing in this country.” 

The performances by the stars 
of the manner justified the 
Oxford Union as an important 
part of the national heritage of 
oratory, democracy, and hot air, 
worthy of a grant by the Depart¬ 
ment of the Environment and 
another by the Arcs Council. 
Those who wish to contribute 
to the preservation of our 
native butterflies and peacocks 
of debate and of our traditions 
of urbane discussion are invited 
to send their money to: Oxford 
Union Appeal, Frewin Court; 
Oxford OX1 3JB. 

Mr Ma cmill an and Lord Hails ham at yesterday’s launching in London of the Oxford 
Union appeal. 

Mr Macmillan praises Mrs Thatcher’s leadership 

Mrs Thatcher will make a 
good prime minister, Mr Mac¬ 
millan tells Professor Robert 
McKenzie in the second and 
final part of The Past Masters, 
his retrospective view of former 
prime ministers, which will be 
broadcast on BBC television 
tonight (a Staff Reporter 

Asked by Professor McKenzie 
if it would be an electoral asset 
that the Conservative Party was 
now led by a woman, Mr Mac¬ 
millan says that he does not 
think it will make much differ¬ 

ence. “Fll be quite frank and 
say I don’t think it would have 
worked 20 years ago, or even 
10 years ago ”, he adds. 

He believes that a woman, 
however clever, could not have 
run the country during the last 
war or coped with the enormous 
problems that faced an empire 
that had to be dissolved. 

On the attempt, much encour¬ 
aged by Lord Beaverbrook and 
Lord Rothermere, to depose 
Stanley Baldwin as leader of 
the Conservatives after their 
defeat in the general election 

of 1929, Mr Macmillan makes a 
remark that can be interpreted- 
as an oblique comment on more 
recent events. 

“Nobody likes losing, appar¬ 
ently either at football or at 
politics. They get very angry ”, 
he says. “They say if we have 
lost we had better get another 
centre forward. The moment 
there is an election both sides 
say what we want is another 
centre forward, particularly 
the Tories. They are very bad 
at it.” 

He compares the political 
atmosphere in the 1930s to that 

of today. People in both periods 
wanted contradictory things. 
“Now what do they want? 
They want to stop inflation but 
they all want 35 per cent wage 
increases. They want to have 
economies in public and local 
government expenditure but 
they want new hospitals, new 
roads, new everything. They 
want contradictories. At thar 
time they passionately wanted 
peace but they wanted to stand 
up to the dictators.” 

Leading article and Letters, 
page 15 

4 Cod war ’ 

From. Our Correspondent 

The trawler industry’s action 
committee set up during the Jast 
Icelandic fishing grounds “cod 
war” has been called to meet 
at Hull on Tuesday. 

Trawler owners, skippers, 
mates, guild officials and deck¬ 
hands’ union leaders sit on the 
committee, which, during the 
last .cod war, drew up a cade of 
conduct, fixed penalties for 
breaches and advised_ the 
Government on skipper liaison 
officers to serve with naval 

Britain’s fishing limit agree¬ 
ment with Iceland expires on 
November 13, after which traw¬ 
lers will be expected to recog- 
rize Iceland’s _ unilaterally 
declared 200-mile limit. 

Skipper Tom Neilsen, secre¬ 
tary of Hull Trawler OFficers’ 
Guil£, who returned yesterday 
after discussions at the Ministry 
of J , Agriculture, Fisheries and 
Food, in London, said : “ All we 
are concerned about is the 
safety of our ships and crews 
after November 13. We expect 
another meeting with the Ice¬ 
landic Government in Reykja¬ 
vik next week.” 

The skippers have the sup¬ 
port of MPs on both sides_ of 
the House for naval protection 
if A cod war develops. 

Five million research tests with 
animals 4 might not be enough’ 

By Pearce Wright 

Answering criticism of the 
use of animals id research. Pro¬ 
fessor W. D. M. Paron, or 
Oxford University, chairman of 
the Research Defence Society, 
said, yesterday that the five 
million experiments a year per¬ 
mitted under the Home Office 
licensing system might not be 
enough. He suggested that the 
idea of five million being too 
large a number was accepted 
glibly by anti-vivisection!sts and 
others opposing experiments 
with animals. 

He rejected proposals for re¬ 
writing the Cruelty to Animals 
Act which would impose stricter 
measures, but he favoured sug¬ 
gestions for more detailed in¬ 
formation to be made available 
by the Home Office on the 
nature of experiments being 
approved. In bis view that 
would show the relative impor¬ 
tance of the various types of 

The conflict between research 
workers who believe regulations 
governing their work are strin¬ 
gent enough and other scien¬ 
tists and protection organiza¬ 
tions seeking tighter controls 
was made clear by Dr A. S. V. 
Burgen, Director of the National 
Institute for Medical Research, 
in the Stephen Paget Lecture to 
the society. 

“We now expect any poten¬ 

tial new drug to go through a 
most extensive battery of toxi¬ 
city-testing in animals ”, he 
said. “This battery has grown 
in the wake of the tragedy of 
thalidomide and has been fed 
by the phobia of pollution until 
the difficulties placed in the 
way of bringing new agents into 
use have been so great that in 
some areas, such as drugs for 
rarer ailments and for some 
tropical diseases, the commer¬ 
cial return has become so prob¬ 
lematical as to stifle research.” 

Referring to "manifest ano¬ 
malies ” in the present situation, 
he gave as an example marma¬ 
lade, a food regarded as 
thoroughly virtuous. It was very 
unlikely, he said, that orange 
oil would pass all the safety 
rests for new food additives, 
especially since one oE its con¬ 
stituents, tangeretin, caused 
foetal deaths when injected into 
pregnant rats. 

Dr Burgen explained how, 
when the expansion^ of animal 
resting was first introduced, 
difficulties soon became appar¬ 
ent. In many ways there was no 
good yardstick for using animal 
tests to predict possible harm¬ 
ful effects in humans. There 
was often great disparity be¬ 
tween tests on different animals 
and no way of knowing which 
ones should be noted- 

Because of the clumsiness of 
conventional testing, much 

effort was going into finding 
new ways based on tests with 
bacteria and other culture 
systems in which very large 
numbers of experiments could 
be done. 

The main areas of criticism 
in the use of animals were for 
cosmetics and toiletries, such as 
lipsticks and shampoos, for 
weapons, and such products as 

Professor Paton listed re¬ 
search in chose subjects thar he 
thought acceptable under the 
terms of the Research Defence 
Society. They were experiments 
in which undue cruelty to ani¬ 
mals had been suggested by the 
science advisory group to the 
Royal Society for the Preven¬ 
tion of Cruelty to Animals, and 
other groups. 

' One was the injection of nico¬ 
tine into monkeys. The experi¬ 
ments are alleged to show that 
nicotine produces a state of 
arousal io the brain that is 
much closer to the normal state 
than that produced by caffeine 
or amphetamine. Professor 
Paron maintained that this work 
was important for understand¬ 
ing the smoking habit. 

Tests on a building material 
as a substitute for asbestos^ to 
reduce the risk of producing 
cancer in those engaged in 
manufacturing, was also con¬ 
sidered an important piece of 
research for safety. 

Children Bill change 
may be opposed 

By Fat Healy 
Social Services 

New attempts may be made in 
the Lords tomorrow to restore 
to the Children Bill a provision 
preventing parents from sud¬ 
denly removing their children 
from care. 

The National Foster Care 
Association is considering 
pressing for restoration after 
tile Commons defeat of .com¬ 
mittee amendments designed 
to make parents give from two 
to 28 days’ notice, depending 
on how long the child has been 
in care. 

Mr Robert Gee, vice-chair¬ 
man, said last night that the 
association was angry and dis¬ 
appointed. “ It is very import¬ 
ant that children should be 
protected from sudden re¬ 
moval, and we are considering 
pressure to restore the com¬ 
mittee ffloendmenra ”, he said. 
"But we do not warn to da 
anything to jeopardize the pas¬ 
sage of the Bill.” 

The Government _ has made 
ooe concession by inserting a 
clause allowing for 28 days’ 
notice of intended removal to 
be given after tbe_ child has 
been in care for six months. 
The Bill originally provided for 
notice to apply only where 
children bad been in care for 
12 months or more. 

The new time limit was wel¬ 
comed yesterday by the British 
Association of Social Workers 
and the National Council for 

One Parent Families, although 
both had reservations. 

Mrs Janie Thomas, chairman 
of tie association’s family and 
children’s section, said k would 
have been difficult to enforce a 
two-day notice period, because 
parents would be able to defy 
it. But children should be pre¬ 
pared for a return to their 
natural parents as a matter of 
social work practice, not legisla¬ 

Mrs Margaret BramaU, direc¬ 
tor of the council, said it would 
have preferred the notice to be 
reduced to 14 days, which 
would have given local autho¬ 
rities time to take any neces¬ 
sary action. 

The Government also re¬ 
moved a clause allowing local 
authorities to rake children 
into care if their emotional 
needs warranted it or their 
development would be impaired 
or stunted if they were re¬ 
turned to their parents. 

Mrs Thomas and Mrs 
BraxxutiL who feared lest the 
clause should give local autho¬ 
rities too much power to re¬ 
move children from their 
parents because of poverty, 
said they were delighted. 

Mr Gee, whose association 
pressed for the clause to be 
inserted, said he would not be 
pressing to restore it. . 

The Bill has completed its 
Commons stages and now re¬ 
turns to the Lords for final 
consideration of the amend¬ 



for study 

By Clifford Longley 
Religious Affairs Correspondent 

The British Council of 
Churches conducted its own 
“great debate” on the moral 
and spiritual health of the 
nation yesterday, but firm con¬ 
clusions eluded it. There was 
some but not general, support 
for one Archbishop of Canter¬ 
bury's appeal to the nation two 
weeks ago, and the debate 
ended in confusion. 

A precise programme for the 
next five years was put for¬ 
ward in the final speech of the 
debate by Dr Kenneth Greet, 
general secretary of the Metho¬ 
dist Conference, but it was im¬ 
mediately challenged as an in¬ 
accurate reflection of the 
mood of the council. 

Dr Greet took up the call of 
the Archbishop of Canterbury 
for small groups to study topics 
such as leadership, economic 
priorities, and violence. He 
suggested they could report 
back within five years and 
might lead to a climax, a “shop 
window for the church ”, in 

The attempt of <ke chairman, 
the Rev Arthur Macarthur, 
general secretary of the United 
Reformed Church, to take a 
“straw” vote was challenged 
as well, and the discussion 
petered out, with Mr Macarthur 
saying that he hoped the exe¬ 
cutive committee would agree 
to " reflect on the debate ” and 
report back. 

The debate was a conse¬ 
quent e of a long discussion at 
last April’s council meets inti, 
and on a survey of attitudes in 
the community by assembly 
members since then. There 
was much exasperation yester¬ 
day among council members at 
the inconclusive outcome. 

In brief 

Channel ferry 

F & O, whose withdrawal of 
the ferry Eagle from service 
recently led to a strike, is to 
enter the short-sea ferry market 
to France next spring, it was 
announced yesterday (our Ship¬ 
ping Correspondent writes). 

The 3,300-ton ferry Lion, 
which is operating on the 
Ardrossan-Ulster route, will 
operate about four services each 
way daily between Dover and 
Boulogne, if negotiations suc¬ 
ceed. Another P & O ferry, the 
4,40Ckon Panther, is being 
transferred from the Sou champ¬ 
ion-San .Sebastian route to 
Aberdeen-Shetiand, giving Ler¬ 
wick its first drive-on sendee. 

Tories’ choice 

Mr David Burnett, aged' 42, 
director general of the Periodi¬ 
cal Publishers Association, is to 
be recommended by the con¬ 
stituency executive of the Con¬ 
servative Party at Caithness and 
Sutherland as prospective 
parliamentary candidate for the 
next election. In the last election 
the* seat was won bjr Mr R. 
MadLennan, Labour,' by a 
majority of 2,560. 

Antisocialist journal 

Mr Ross McWhirter, joint 
editor of The Guinness Book of 
Records, is to edit a fortnightly 
journal called Majority, which 
would oppose socialism, 
nationalization and bureaucracy 
and speak on behalf of the 
“silent majority", he said 

Bratby decree 

A decree nisi was granted to 
Miss Jean Cooke against her 
husband and fellow artist, Mr 
John Bratby, in London yester¬ 
day. The application was unde¬ 

MP challenges ruling 
by magistrate 

By Our Legal Correspondent 

The refusal by a stipendiary 
magistrate to allow a small 
company on a criminal charge 
to be represented in court by 
its director is likely to be raised 
in Parliament. 

Mr Kenneth Weetch, Labour 
MP for Ipswich, is to put a 
question on the case, and has 
written to the Lord Chancellor. 
Letters had been written to all 
MPs by the director involved. 
Mr John Watson, chairman of 

Homes, estate agents who carry 
out cut-rate conveyancing. 

Earlier this month Homes 
was charged at Greenwich 
Magistrates’ Court with 
breaches of the Solicitors’ Act, 

Mr Prys Jones, the magis¬ 
trate, refusing to allow Mr 
Watsou to speak, said a solicitor 
or counsel had to be employed ; 
he had no discretion to permit 
Mr Watson to defend the com¬ 

Rates are not included in 
price control package 

By Our Political Staff 
Cabinet ministers sought the 
earliest opportunity yesterday 
to refute suggestions that the 
Government was considering a 
" price control ” on rates- 

Mr Crosland, Secretary of 
State for the Environment, told 
a meeting, of Labour back¬ 
benchers that the Government 
had no such intention. 

The Department of Prices and 
Consumer Affairs issued a state¬ 
ment that reports implying that 
rates would be included in the 
price control package were in¬ 

The confusion had arisen 
after a meeting the previous 
day between Cabinet ministers, 
including Mrs Williams, Secre¬ 
tary of Stare for Prices and 
Consumer Protection, the Con¬ 
federation of British Industry, 
and the Retail Consortium. 

Mrs Williams told that nieet- 
ingl’after being questioned, that 
increases in rates next year 
«<?re expected to be Jess than 
in the present year as a result 
of jthe Government's counter-in¬ 

flation policy &nd a nil rate of 
growth in the field of local 
authority spending. 

It appears that the remark 
was unintentionally misinter¬ 
preted by some representatives 
of the Retail Consortium, and 
ministers as a consequence felt 
bound to restate the Govern¬ 
ment’s position. 

Labour backbenchers, who 
■were attending a special meet¬ 
ing of the Parliamentary 

Labour Party on local authority 
expenditure, were told by Mr 
Crosland that he was not in a 
position to speak about cash 
limits and the rate-support 
grant. The Government, he 
said, had not reached a con¬ 
clusion, because negotiations 
with the local authorities were 

still three weeks away. 

Mr Crosland told MPs that 
he had no powers to control 
the rates imposed by local auth¬ 
orities. “That remains a matter 
fnr their discretion, and the 
Government has no inrention 
of ihterferine with that discro- 
lion ”, he said. 

£72,000 damages against husband 

Mrs Susan Franklin, aged 27, 
way awarded £72,500 damages 
in -the High Court yesterday for 
injuries sustained in & car 
accident which left her para- 
Ivscd. Mr Justice Caulfield held 
that her husband, Stephen, 
drfier of the car in which she 
wav injured, teas “wholly 

responsible for this terrible 
tragedy''. Mr Franklin’s in¬ 
surers will pay the damages. 

Mrs Franklin, of Rayleigh,' 
Essex, has been paralysed in 
her arms, leg? and body since 
November, 1972, when her 
husband's car was in collision 
with another. 

Whole country of 
farmland lost 
every five years 

By John Young 
Planning Reporter 

Every year in England and 
Wales more than 300 square 
miles of farmland is lost ro 
development. Lord Goodman 
said in London yesterday. That 
meant char every five years we 
lost an area of landscape bigger 
than the whole of Berkshire. 

He was launching an appeal 
for £500.000 to support the work 
of the Council for the Protec¬ 
tion of Rural England, coincid¬ 
ing with its fiftieth anniversary. 

Mr Christopher Hall, the 
council’s director, acknowledged 
yesterday that it was a bad time 
to be raising money and that 
the council’s work was difficult 
to define ro the public, unlike 
the restoration of a specific 
cathedral or the National Trust's 
Enterprise Ncprune campaign 
to protect the coastline. 

To publicize its activities, the 
council has produced a booklet 
listing some of its campaigns in 
the past haif-cenrury. 

In 1936 The Times said of its 
work; “The lover of the 
English scene may shudder to 
think whar would have 
happened but for these ten 
years of fils I cautious but per- 
sistent effort.” 

Present dangers are said to 
include the loss of cover and 
destruction of hedgerows due 
ro industrialized farming. North 
Sea oil land acquisition orders 
and the release of green belt 
lend for development. 

Another £lm likely for adult illiterates 

By Our Education 

The Government is likely to 
announce a second grant of Elm 
to help the campaign to teach 
the country’s estimated two 
million adult illiterates in read. 

Lord Crowiher-Hunr. Minister 
of Stare at the Department of 
Education and Science, with 
responsibility for higher educa¬ 
tion, told a conference organ¬ 
ized in London yesterday by 
the National Committee’ for 
Adult Literacy that he hoped 
the Government would be able 
to moke an announcement 

The Government gave the 

Adult Literacy Resource Agency 
Elm Jast year to start the 

Professor Maurice Pesron, 
who was adviser to Mr Prentice 
when he was Secretary of State 
far Education and Science, 
said: “ J would assume that 
there will be another Elm.” 

The professor was chairman 
of the conference at the end 
of which Mr Geoffrey Clarkson, 
the committee’s chairman, said 
that it had only £150 left to 
carry - on the campaign. 

Lady Plowden, the com¬ 
mittee’s president, has told 
The Times that the Govern¬ 
ment’s Elm grant last year had 

much to do with the way liter¬ 
acy work had been revolution- 

She said that 18 months ago 
only half the country’s educa¬ 
tion authorities were doing 
anything to help adult illiter¬ 
ates. Now every one had applied 
for money and was doing some¬ 

“It is now vital that the 
Government resolves the pres¬ 
ent uncertainty about its inten¬ 
tions and assures those working 
in adult literacy that a further 
grant wifi be made available to 
enable the Adult Literacy Re¬ 
source Agency to continue its 
development work”, she said- 

Chairman of the Bar calls 
for fewer mass trials 

By Our Legal Correspondent 

The length and complexity of 
j criminal trials could be reduced 
I if the prosecuting authorities 
j would .stop putting so many 
I defendants on the same indict¬ 
ment. Sir Peter Rawlinson, QC, 
chairman of the Bar, said yes¬ 

There were too many mass 
trials with numerous defendants 
j in the dock together charged 
jointly on a. complicated ijnlici- 
ment, he said. That inevitably 
led to a long court hearing and 
created immense difficulties fur 
judge and jury. 

Sometimes separate trials oE 

individuals would be speedier 
and more efficient, Sir Peter, a 
former Attorney General , con¬ 
tinued. He was speaking at a 
graduation ceremony of the 
Kingston Polytechnic School of 

The prosecuting authorities 
were responsible for determin¬ 
ing the length and complexity 
of trials. They should, long 
before trial itself, give greater 
consideration to the possible 
consequences of putting a large 
number of defendants on one 
indictment. A great deal nf 
time and public money would 
be saved if rhere were fewer 
trials of that kind. 

Orkney to get 
colour TV 
from January 

A high-power transmitter at 
KeelyJang Hill, Orkney, will 
bring colour television pictures 
for the first time to about 
15,000 people in the islands 
from next January. Later next 
year coverage will be extended 
to parts of Shetland, when a 
new transmitter being (milt on 
Bressay is completed: it will 
serve about 8,000 people. 

The new Independent Broad¬ 
casting Authority stations are 
part of an intensive programme 
to bring 625-line colour tele, 
vision ro many new areas of 
Scot1and. a Others are being built 
on the islands of Lewis and 


M Giscari sees signs 
that economic aid 
is bringing recovery 

From Charles Hargrove 
Paris, Oct 29 

President Guscard cTEstamg 
todaV told the Cabinet at its 
weekly meeting that the Gov¬ 
ernment’s reflation plan an¬ 
nounced last month had already 
begun to make itself felt. 

‘ M Jean-Pierre Fourcade, The 
Minister of Finance, said the 
economy bad started on the 
road to recovery, but it was toq 
early for this to be reflected 
in employment. 

He added that the movement 
of prices (03 per cent increase 
in September as against 0.5 to 
0.6 per cent planned by the 
Government a year ago) was 
still a cause for concern. This 
had led the Government to pro¬ 
pose new regulations to limit 
profit margins. 

The President scotched 
chronic rumours that elections 
might be called before the 
appointed time in order to con¬ 
solidate his majority in Parlia¬ 
ment, which, according to the 
leaders of his own Independent 
Republican Party, does not 
reflect the true state of poli¬ 
tical opinion. 

A recent poll published by 
France-Soir showed that in the 
event of elections, the Presi¬ 
dent’s party would pull away 
ahead of the Gaullists, although 
this is scarcely corroborated bv 
the impressions of almost all 
political observers. 

Such speculation, however, 
has been cut short by M Gis- 
card d’Estiling’s remarks at to¬ 
day’s Cabinet meeting. “There 
will not be any political elec¬ 
tions in 1975 and 197G ", he said. 
“This is the occasion for the 
Government and the presiden¬ 
tial majority to pursue their 
policy of reform in depth, in 
peace and quiet, undisturbed by 
useless polemics. This is, at 
the present time, the best way 
to serve France.” 

The Government spokesman 
said that by his statement, M 
Giscard d’Estaing wished to end 
rumours of those who “ thought 

they perceived in some discos, 
sions, normal within the Gov- 
eminent majority, the sign of 
sinister rumblings”. 

M Michel Guy, the Minister 
for Culture, told the Cabinet; 
that in accordance with its 
derision on October 8, when 
the President came out strongly 
for a check on the _ flood of 
pornography in the cinema, he 
had started discussions with 
the film industry to limit the 
production and showing of 
pornographic, perverted or 
violent films. 

A charter of “ professional 
self-discipline” had been dra»n 
up. It provided that such films 
would no longer be distributed 
by the big circuits, that is in 
the 400 most important cinemas 
'which account for half the 
total market. 

They would be screened oiiJy 
in specialized cinemas, esti¬ 
mated at between 1.00 and 200. 
No financial support would be 
given to these cinemas, and. 
publicity by pictures or com- 
meat would be forbidden. 

Films which _ undermine 
human dignity will be pro. 
hibited. Under a law recently 
passed by Parliament the pro¬ 
duction and screening of porno¬ 
graphic, perverted and other 
such films will in future be 
subject to VAT at the maximum 
rate of 33 per cent, instead of 
17 per cent as before, and the 
income and emoluments of 
producers, actors and script- 
writers will be subject to a tax 
of 50 per cent. 

There has been a good deal 
of controversy in the press and 
in the film industry about 
these measures. Some left-wing 
producers and newspapers have 
argued that they could be used 
to penalize or ceusor films 
which were politically chal¬ 
lenging or unorthodox. 

But the public is obviously 
worried about the current wave 
of violence and pornography, 

Shore hint that Britain 
may curb imports 

From Michael Hornsby 
Brussels, Oct 29 

Mr Peter Shore, Secretary of 
State for Trade, made it clear 
here today that the Govern¬ 
ment reserved the right to im¬ 
pose Import restrictions and 
take other measures to protect 
British industry from the 
effects of the recession. He 
would not be drawn, however, 
on the precise form such action 
might take. 

He was speaking at a press 
conference after meetings with 
Mr Michel Toussant, the Bel¬ 
gian Minister for Foreign 
Trade, and Sir Christopher 
Soames, the EEC Commissioner 
responsible for external affairs. 
Mr Shore is on a tour of EEC 
capitals which has already 
taken him to Paris and The 
Hague. He will be in Rome 
tomorrow and in Bonn on Fri¬ 

Pressed on the question nf 
possible import controls, Mr 
Shore said that while sharing 
the general ivorries about group¬ 
ing protectionism he had always 
emphasized that the British 

Government could not rule ant 
the heed for measures “to 
safeguard particular British 
industries that might otherwise 
be overwhelmed”. 

Asked whether such action 
might not encourage the pro¬ 
tectionist trend in America 
which the EEC was anxious io 
moderate, Mr Shore agreed that 
“we would wattt to weigh up 
very carefully the possible 
effects of any particular res¬ 
triction on others”. 

During his talks tills week, 
Mr Shore said, a suggestion 
bad arisen for a meeting of EEC 
Trade Ministers, probably in 
December, to discuss the pros- 
peers for a revival of world 
trade. He described the pro¬ 
posal as “ interesting ”. 

On his own attitude to the 
EEC, Mr Shore maintained 
that while he accepted the ver¬ 
dict of the British people he 
saw no reason to retract any 
of the views he had expressed 
as a prominent ami-Marketeer 
during the EEC referendum 
campaign. “ The problems have 
not disappeared, they are still 
there ”, he said. 

Icelandic Cabinet 
discusses Bonn 
fishing proposals 

Reykjavik, Oct 29.—The Ice¬ 
landic Cabinet met in special 
session this morning to discuss 
proposals by YVest Germany to 
solve the fishing dispute 
between the two countries. 

They were put forward yester¬ 
day by a West German delega¬ 
tion headed by Herr Hans- 
JGrgen Wiscfinewski, the 
Deputy Foreign Minister. 

The details have not been 
published, but Herr Wischnew- 
slti said they attempt to solve 
all the questions in dispute 
including the amount of catch 
the West Germans should be 
allowed to take 

Last stage of 

The Hague, Oct Z9.—The 
Dutch Upper House of 
Parliament has approved a Bill 
to grant Holland’s South 
American territory of Surinam 
independence on November 25 ■ 
after 308 years of colonial rule. 

The Senate voted 53 to 22 last 
night in favour of the legisla¬ 
tion, passed by the Lower House 
last week by 106 votes to five. 
Surinam lies between Guyana- 
and French Guiana and has 
about 160,000' inhabitants. Its 
Parliament will convene next 
week to approve its own consti¬ 
tutional law providing for 

France begins to forget 
about Mme Claustre 

From Our Own Correspondent 
Paris, Oct 29 

The interest of the French 
public in Mme Fran^oise 
Claustre, the ethnologist de¬ 
tained for 18 months bv the 
Tubu guerrillas of the Tibesti 
region in Chad, has subsided 
almost as rapidly as it was 
aroused by a television broad¬ 
cast at the beginning oF Sep. 

This does not displease the 
Government whose handling of 
the affair has been cJumsv and 
uncoordinated. Its attempts to 
save her from the clutches of 
Mr Hissen Habre, the Tubu 
guerrilla leader, threatened to 
imperil its policy not only to- 
wards Chad but also towards 
other black African states. 

General Malloun, the Chad 
head of Stare, repeated in a 
television interview last night 
his accusations that the French 
Government had condoned the 
dehvero of weapons to the guer- 
nnas. by guaranteeing the arms 
deals concluded by M Pierre 
Claustre. the ethnologist’s hus- 
band. The French negotiators 
had agreed to close their eves 
t0 M Claustre’s activities. 

He based his allegations oo 
the evidence of two former 
nu Tv who had rallied to the 
Chad Government side. One 
said that M Claustre was com- 
missioned to transport arms to 
the Tibesti in a DC4, while two 
negotiators were to deliver 
non-imiirary supplies through 
N’Djamena. They all signed a 
document with Mr Habre id 
this effect. 

The other witness said he had 
actually seen the arms arrive 
m the DC4, 

General Malloun also sail 
that the stores parachuted r 
Mr Kabre last month include 
war materials. “The Elyset 
Palace _ wanted to take th 
matter in hand, and led it up : 
dead_ end ”, he said, echoing ai 
opinion expressed widely u 

He was expecting som 
message from the French Go® 
ernment on the subject, he said 
“ VV’e think Mme Clansrre ha 
been dropped by the press an< 
the French Government 1 ’, hi 
added. He did not know wlr 
she was still detained. 

“She vras taken hostage wfaili 
the previous regime was h 
power ”, he said. “ From d» 
moment it ceased to exist, ar.i 
we liberated all polirica 
prisoners, I do nor know w{U 
Mme Claustre continues to bt 

M Abel in, the Minister fw 
Cooperation, denied on t« £ 
radio this morning that ihc 
Government intended to drop 
the case of Mme Claustre. 

HLs ministry refused to cont¬ 
inent on General MaUnuoi 
allegations that arms had been 
shipped to the rebels. It 
say, however, that if arms nco 
been delivered Mme Clau5i re 
would presumably have been 
telnsed. as this was the rebel. 
oricinal demand. 

The reply is disip^h^.^ 
Mr Habre has come to- w™* 
that it is far more valu«blte 
him to keep Mme Clai^J 
hostage, and continue to 
tire attention -of world opti* ■ 
than either to free, her or 
kill her. 


llfr Y - 











ic aSven- 

6 - 1 . 

W French to lift 
Jx on Italian wi 


■; r Cross 

■'.'■■\30ufb,.O ct-29 ' 

■:■ '‘. French Government was 

- "• i (uven an ultimatum of 

- ''-■.days to lift’ the 12 per 

."ax it has imposed on 

- ^j:of Italian wine, or face 
r : before the European 

V/dF Jusrice of Infringing 
I ~ C’s -free trade rules, 
'.'decision to. press', ahead 
-i'e .legal case .against 
V ; -was taken by the -Euro* 
iomxnissioQ at . its regular 
•'"•.....meeting- According to 
7 ; '-v sd sources, the Commis- 
'- .' .'ijecred legal arguments 
; : l!-'wara by the French in 
to the Com mission last 
.- in which they sought 

__ .’ fy the tax on the basis 

'■■■escape' clause in EEC 
• .ettmg up : the present 
Marketing system. . 

- i . French argued • chat this 

' which allowed member 

: ^-:nents to restrict imports 
■ ..Vain circumstances, was 
V.: f :lid because new raarket- 

- •: angements had ztot been 
. -’ 4 1 by member states. The 
• ; .tsion has consistently 
. V. that this so-called “ safe- 

' clause " . lapsed some 
Xr". go. 

though the.French are 
; to abolish the tax with- 

. Bonnet,' the French Minister of 
Agriculture, showed willingness 
to discuss possible:.reforms of 
. the common agricultural policy. 

“ The French- ^Government, 
without giving in'to the tqo- 
facile temptation of making bur 
Community marketing methods 
the whipping boy of .all our 
difficulties; considers .it advis¬ 
able to review'rhem . at this 
□me. . The. GoverranenL’s atti¬ 
tude is open-minded towards 
all products and its desire, for 
change is assured provided that, 
if fundamental changes have to 
be carried, out;'these are made 
over a suitable period of rime ”, 
M Bonnet told bis -colleagues. 
Our Agricultural Correspondent 
writes r When the' EEC wanted 
to get rid of. “ mountains " of 
surplus farm: produce it should 
give its own-population priority 
in their disposal, Mr Peart,- 
Minisrer of-'-Agriculture, said 
yesterday before leaving for the 
farm ministers* meeting in 

. But it would. be better if no 
surpluses'arose, he added. “ If 
it was : necessary there would 
have to be some sanction, bur 
we have not worked out the 
details 'yet.” 

The '..British Government 

_ wanted 7EEC farm prices to be 
-.v'tirne limit laid down by related to the needs of modern 
; -■ U'omxnission, a political and efficient farms. That was 
< v’n to the Fran co-Italian the only way to ensure that 
' 4;* 'jar could still- be found Prices, were not set at an un- 
^ hearings by the Court economically hiijh level which 
.tice in-Luxembourg-get raised ,shop prices and made 
way. Ministers of agricul- excessive demands on the EEC 
' :: 7 f the Nine are due to budget. 

: -.i-'i further attempt at their -Mr Peart said.that the-British 
onthly.session on Novem- Government -did not expect 
-. ' 'j and 11 -to resolve the immediate policy changes from 
. al problems of the the Luxembourg meeting and 
and Italian winegrowers, thought there would be opposi¬ 
tion from other member states 
to some of its suggestions. _ 
-He . did not expect quick 
action horn the Community to 
incorporate the' marketing of 
sheep, and potatoes in its farm 
policy, but he' was -determined 
to. secure permanent accep¬ 
tance of the beef, policy won by 
Britain for a. year.- 
“ I have declared to the Com¬ 
munity that we' are -going .to. 
hold on-to h", be said “There: 
is a lot of sympathy now for 
our system and I am glad that 
my farmer friends , admit, that 
it is.good" 

■..." awhile the ministers 
" opened a two-day special 
devoted entirely to 
*-! ways in which the Com- 
J s controversial agricul-. 
. policy can be improved. 
..row Mrs Shirley Wil- 
Britain’s Secretary of 
or Prices and Consumer 
UJ,, 'don, will make EEC his- 
U, -!^y becoming the first 

‘ler responsible for defend- 
» rights of the housewife 
md an agriculture mini- 

_ jig today’s initial ex- 
of views, M Christian 

idits kidnap 



. Our Correspondent 
’ Oct 29 - 

engineer from an industry 
ashed in central Sardinia 
nbat the desperate poverty 
i has bred banditry there 
-enruries was kidnapped by 
Iks last night. ■ . 

gnor Carlo Travaglino, a 
meal liaison officer at the 
icial fibres factories set up 
Government aid at Ottawa, 
Nuoro, arrived in Sardinia 
Milan only on Monday! 

was returning home after 
r With a _ party of 
gues and friends .when 
two cars were forced to 
ry rocks and tree trunks 
over the road. Seven. 
. masked bandits sprang 
biding. ... 

Youth killed in 
gun attack 
on party office 

Rome; Oct 29.—A youth Was 
killed, and an other, was injured 
in ‘a gun attack .on a branch 
office Of- the neo-fascist MSI 
party, in Rome- today. 

TheL, police said a .car pulled 
up in front of-the building and 
a - man formed with ■ a .< rifle 
jumped, out He .fired - several 
shots;.'hitting the wo .youths,, 
and got back into the car which 
sped away. 

The dead youth- Was named' 
as Mario Zicchieri, aged 17, and 
the injured as Marco^Lucchetti, 
aged 15. Both were members of 
the MSt youth movement. 

They were entering the MSI 
offices when • the shooting 
occurred. They were taken to 
hospital but Zicchieri died 
from loss of blood before doc¬ 
tors coujd operate.—Reuter.' . 


v If 

]C foreign ministers to 
et in Rome today 

yid Spanier ... 
tatic Correspondent 
Callaghan, the Foreign 
try, is off again today 
meeting with the other 
ministers in the Euro- 
lommuniiy, this time in 
Ten days ago chev all 
i week in Lucca. Early 
-iraber they will be back 
tssels again.. Hardly a 
oes by without the Nine 
5 somewhere in Europe. 
I this to4ng and fro-iog 
lecessary? Certainly ii is 
iou which all the foreign 
rs—busy men with com- 
:ts in their own minl¬ 
and parliaments—must 
. mselves. 

ar as Mr Callaghan Is 
ied, the answer is: ah! 

much at'odds with her - partners 
on the question of-representa¬ 
tion at the producers and con¬ 
sumers 'conference. Hie answer 
to chat seems to be that even in 
the happiest of’families, there 
are rows from tune to time. 

The question -jof ’.'a .separate 

British -seat air the Paris con¬ 
ference, as Mr' Callaghan has 
demanded, is uijljkely to come 
up in Rome today: 

The present deadlock can 
only he broken by a new initia¬ 
tive.. and the ' official British 
position remains the same. The 
implication is thac it is up to 
the others to make a move to¬ 
wards Britain. 

The foreign ministers will be 
looking ahead to the European 

summit meeting in Paris on 
/ yes. It may sometimes .December 1-2. If they cannot 
« ■/' imwh of a good thing, find a Way round the energy 
habit of meeting the issue before then, they may 
ireign ministers, of each leave it to the heads of govern¬ 
ment. . 

. On the agenda today are 
issues such as following-up the 
European Security Conference. 
Cyprus, the Middle East, the 
United Nations, and the situa¬ 
tion in Spain and" Portugal. 

of the Nine getting to 
sach other and under- 
ach other’s problems, is 
Jly what European co¬ 
in is al-l abouL 
being said, it may seem 
ng that Britain is so 

:over at 
bon Pravda ’ 

m,_ Oct 29.—-O Secnlo, 
rning newspaper known 
jon as the Portuguese 
ivas taken over by anri- 
nisr employees tonight 
rce a workers’ six-to-one 
us ting the Communist 

ir Roby Amorim, the 
elected editor who led 
wsroom revolt, .said be 
: reporters would try ro 
Thursday edition on the 
despite opposition of 
ammunist printers, 
ase is unique in a couo- 
re the Communists have 
e same methods to re- 

£25 p.a. 

r business does nol war- 
Telex Installation ot your 
'hen you should consider 
1 our Telex Sharing $ar- 
taa H Uie lime la cut your 
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W5 4442 01-242 74S8 

Mononurha (Eat. 1925) 

Direct voting for 
Europe MPs 
is ‘years ahead ’ 

By Hugh Noyes •* 

Parliamentary Correspondent 
Westmiosier, Wednesday 

Mr Rqy HattersJev, Minister 
of State, Foreign .Office, who is 
responsible for EEC affairs, yes¬ 
terday ruled out the possibility 
of direct elections to the Euro¬ 
pean Parliament by .1978, the 
target date set at the Paris sum¬ 
mit and • still the aim of other 
Community governments. 

Anybody, who believed it 
would be possible to hold these 
elections by 1978 “ would be 
optimistic indeed ", Mr Hatters- 
ley told the Commons. Refusing 
to comment on how the elections 
should be held. • be told MP S 
that this bad still to be worked 
out over the months and years 
ahead. There were many ques- 
tions to be answered and this 
was a complicated business. 

The. House, he added, would 

not ;wa‘bt'the Government to 
rush into decisions. At the same 
time, he confirmed that Britain 
was, committed by its rreary ok 
ligations to take Dart in direct 
elections to the European Par¬ 
liament, The whole question was 
at the moment being discussed 
within the Community. 

Sadat call at 
UN for 
new Geneva 

From Peter Strafford 
New York, Oct 29 
President Sadat today gave 
the United Nations a tough 
statement of the Egyptian posi¬ 
tion on the Middle East, and 
a thinly veiled warning that 
Egypt would go to' war. again, 
with Israel if further progress 
were not made towards an 
overall settlement.. ■ 

Egypt’s long-term objectives 
remained, what they had always 
been, be said; the liberation 
of all occupied Arab territories 
and the restoration, of ’the 
rights - of the . Palestinian 
people. Egyptian policy was 
positive and flexible, but one 
in which tbe final objective 
was unchangeable. 

There would beno peace, in 
the Middle 7 East without a 
political settlement of the 
Palestine . problem. If the 
Egyptian- people and the Arab 
world , in general were to .find 
that Egypt's policies were 
being misinterpreted .as capita* 
lation, they .would then nave 
to perform' their “ sacred duty ” 
of liberating their territories by 
their <gwn efforts! 

President Sadat was speaking 
at the General Assembly in the 
course of his state visit to- the 
United States. It-was Something 
of a break with his activities 
so far, which- have concentrated 
on American-Egypnan re rations, 
and he' used it“to give an 
account of 'Egyptian policy to 
tiie world, including his critics 
in. the Arab countries, - 
He defended the recent dis¬ 
engagement agreement - with 
Israel as a limited step, and one 
that bad never been intended as 
anything, more. He - also "broke 
new ground by making a formal- 
call for the opening of. prepara¬ 
tions for a new session of the 
Geneva peace conference on the: 
Middle East, . with the partici¬ 
pation of. the Palestine Libera¬ 
tion Organization (PLO>:\ . 

. This Is something that' the 
Americans, and even more the 
Israelis, have so far refused to 
accept But President Sadat said 
it was. inconceivable that the 
conference could succeed, or 
make any - progress, . without 
ELO participation, and he called 
oh the General Assembly to. 
pass a resolution on the neces¬ 
sity for it, 

. He made only a passing, but 
optimistic, reference to the pos¬ 
sibility of a new disengagement 
agreement between Israel and 
Syria. Egypt, he said, looked 
forward to such a disengage¬ 
ment. and it was one of the 
factors which made it “ high 
time and even Imperative M for 
the Geneva conference 

Spain sets 
for leaving 

the Geneva conference to re- I ^ j 
sume its meetings, with PLO .^5111511*51 

narririnsmnn M. 

City of conflict: how Beirut is divided between the Muslims and Phal an gists. 

Armoured cars rescue foreigners in Beirut 

From Paul Martin 
Beirut, Oct 29. : 

MoTe than 50 foreigners, 
among them five Britons, were 
rescued from the luxury Holi¬ 
day Inn hotel today which has 
been the,target of .three days 
of assauk in Beirut by leftist 
i'rregiiljars' backed ■ by Palestin¬ 
ian guerrillas. ' ' , 

The foreign residents and 
150 staff were evacuated from 
the hotel .by armoured cars of 
the Lebanese security force, 
which negotiated their way 
through the battle zone daring 
a. krll is the fighting. 

However, at least three more 
Britons—one of them a young 
single woman living alone— 
remain trapped. in flats in the 
area. The woman. Miss Anne 
Flower, lives in a rooftop flat 
in a street alan« which most of 
the serious fighting’ in the 
hotel, area has taken place. 
Leftist forces seized most of 
the street during the past 24 

■ Although the rescue of those 
trapped in the Holiday Inn and 
the removal to safety of 
another 50 staff from the 
Phoenicia hotel near . by 
brought some relief, k has 
done nothing to quell the 
fighting. Indeed, it is expected 

to pave the way for a new 
rush by both the attacking left¬ 
ists and the defending right- 
wing PhaJangisis to secure this 
strategic part of Beirut. 

Throughout the day. the two 
street armies, which are 
equipped with heavier weapons 
than have been fielded in tbe 
past six months of civil war, 
pounded each ocher inrermir- 
tently. But both sides applied 
more effort to a feverish rein¬ 
forcement in preparation for 
another frontal assault. Dis¬ 
guised Palestinian guerrillas 
swelled the ranks of the leftist 
forces of Ibrahim KJoeilat and 
the Phal an gists . brought . up 
heavy, mortars and rocket 

The only glimmer of hope 
today was the decision of Mr 
Kama! Jumblatt, the Socialist 
leader, to accept the invitation 
of Mr Rashid Karami, tbe 
Prime Minister, ro join his 
nine-man security commission. 
Mr Jumblatr remains the only 
political leader with enough in¬ 
fluence to enforce a truce on 
tbe increasingly rebellious 
forces of the left. 

Earlier, Mr Jumblatt had 
been characteristically disdain¬ 
ful of Mr Karami’s security 
commission on the ground's 

that previous committees, com¬ 
missions and conclaves had 
failed to solve the problem. 
However, as the Kloleilat 
forces secured a new foothold 
In what was previously Phalan- 
gist territory and threatened ro 
.wear down the Phalangist 
defenders round the Holiday 
Inn-St. George Hotel area, he 
appears to have undergone a 
drastic change of mind.' 

Mr Jumblart has persisted in 
bis demand that before peace 
can return to Lebanon, a 
reform programme must be 
drawn up. He has used his 
armed street lobby to back up 
his demand. On the other 
hand, the right-wing Phalan- 
gists and tbe Christians in gen¬ 
eral have called for a return 
to sanity before constitutionaJ 
and social changes are dis¬ 

One of the most disturbing 
aspects of this latest phase of 
the conflict—popularly known 
as the Monopoly bartie because 
of the tussle for real estate—is 
the manner of the leftist 
attack. Launched last Saturday, 
its' clear aim was to burst 
through Phalangist lines and 
drive a wedge to the coast to 
link up with the leftist Muslim 
enclave of Ain MreissL This 

achieved, the division of the 
city would have been complete 
and the Phalangist access to 
the coastal road west and 
south would have been cut. 

Caught off guard by Satur¬ 
day's surprise attack, and the 
ferocity of rhe leftists’. follow¬ 
up action, the -Phalangists have 
already had several reverses. 
The leftists claim to be in a 
position to capture the Holiday 
Inn in the coming 24 hours 

"I can guarantee that I will 
be able to invite you to dinner 
at the Holiday Inn tomorrow 
night," a. member of the Kloie- 
Jar group said today. “And 
then the following night the 
Phoenicia:” However, it is 
clear that the battle is one 
which progresses in inches if 
at alL The Phalan|ists have 
rallied from their initial- blows 
and have pusbed back the 
Kloielat forces in several key 

Beirut. Oct 29.—Among 
those who have had to take 
refuge at the homes of their 
friends is Mr Peter Wakefield, 
tbe British Ambassador. He 
could not reach his home on 
returning from the mountains 
on Sunday and has been stay¬ 
ing with Mr John Sanders, the 
Embassy counsellor.—Reuter. 


The Egyptian # President’s 
theme was that circumstances 
today presented a unique oppor¬ 
tunity for peace in the Middle 
. East, unlike, any since the. be-.. 
ginning of the conflict. - It was 
therefore the duty of the United 
Notions not to miss the oppor¬ 
tunity, and to push matters to¬ 
wards a peaceful settlement. 

President Sadat, who is due 
to leave here tomorrow, found 
his welcome in' New York a 
great deal less warm than the 
White House and the.State De¬ 
partment would have liked, 
since both Mr Abraham Beame. 
the Mayor, and Mr Hugh'Carey, 
Governor of. New York State, 
have refused to meet him. 

Fred Emery writes from 
Washington: President Sadat’s 
first-round visit . here (he. 
returns nexr week to end bis 
state visit with gn address to a 
joint session of Congress) has 
indicated some troubling assess¬ 
ments behind the effusive 

At a news conference last 
night be again revealed the 
enormous, perhaps excessive, 
store be sets by the capabilities 
of the United Stares. In urging, 
dialogue. with the Palestinians, 
he frankly admitted that what 
ever pressures he could exert 
would not be.on the Palestinians 
but on the United States, 

The Egyptian' President re¬ 
iterated bis astonishing state¬ 
ment that. “ 99 per cent of the 
cards” were in the hands of 
the United States in the present 
push for peace. . 

President Ford, in a reply 
at last night’s Washington 
banquet, seemed anxious to have 
his guest, and all the Egyptians, 
realize thac the American presi¬ 
dency is more limited by Con¬ 
gress than they think. 

From Our Correspondent 
Madrid, Oct 29 

Spain will pull out its troops 
from Sahs~a, with or without a 
settlement, within less than 
three weeks, according to a re¬ 
port published in Madrid today. 

The evening newspaper Infor- 
mociones said that the deadline 
has been set for November 15. 
No confirmation has been given 
for this date by officials, but it 
is believed that all Spaniards, 
including civilians, will have 
left the territory before the end 
of November. 

This would presumably leave 
the Polisario (Sahara Popular 
Liberal Front) in charge, along 
with the Puns (Sahara National. 
Union Party). Both have made 
it clear in demonstrations this 
week that they do not approve 
any sell-out by Spain to 
Morocco. They favour total in¬ 

Tbe curfew imposed last night 
by rhe military authorities in 
Sahara remained in effect to- 

Marrakech, Oct 29.—The 
Moroccan march into Spanish 
Sahara will take place between. 
November 4 sod-November 6 T 
regardless of whether there has 
been a prior agreement with 
Spain - on the transfer of 
sovereignty, Mr Ahmed Taibi 
ben-Hima, the Moroccan Infor¬ 
mation Minisrer said ronigbf. 

It was the first time the 
Moroccan authorities had fixed 
a definite time limit 

The minister said: “ If there 
has been agreement by the time 
the march begins, we will 
simply be taking over our own 
Und. If ' there has been no 
agreement, the march will go 
ahead as planned, in order to 
bring about an agreement *-■ 

Fatah guerrillas in Golan clash 

From Eric Marsden 
Jerusalem, Oct 29 

Two Arab infiltrators were 
killed and five captured while 
trying to cross into Israel terri¬ 
tory from Syria in the central 
region of the GoJan Heights 

Disclosing this today, an 
official statement said the 
arrenrion of the United Nations 
and the United States had been 
drawn to the incident, which is 
being studied in Jerusalem to 
see if it indicates a change in 
Syrian policy. 

An Army spokesman said the 
Arabs were Fatah members and 
had been “ briefed and sup¬ 
ported In their infiltration by 

elements in the Syrian general 

It was the first reported 
attempt by guerrillas to infil¬ 
trate from Syrian territory since 
the signing of tbe Israel-Syrian 
disengagement agreement last 
year. The movements of the 
group of seven men had been 
traced for several hours before 
tliev were encountered near 

The Army statement said that 
a fight took place at close range 
in which two of the gang were 
hit and killed immediately and 
the others captured after being 
wounded slightly. They had 
Kalashnikov rifles and explo¬ 
sives and were believed to be 

trying to attack Israel settle¬ 
ments on the Golan Heights 
after training in southern Syria- 

One theory is that the 
guerrillas have switched to the 
Syrian border after repeated 
failures to cross from Lebanon. 

According to the military cor¬ 
respondent of Raoretz. the 
guerrillas have suffered 
hundreds of. casualties killed 
and wounded on the Lebanese 
border, since April, 1974. From 
then until the end of last month 
there were 727 operations by 
the Israel Army and Air Force, 
ranging from ambushes to 
artillery batteries and air strikes 
on Palestinian bases in south 



three- ’■ 







British aid 
w ill go 
to poorest 

By MeJvyn Westlake 

A significant shift in the Gov- 1 
ernment’s foreign aid priorities- 
is taking place in the face of. 
the rapid deterioration in the^ 
economic prospects of 1,000 mil¬ 
lion of the world’s poorest ; 
people. . 

A White Paper, published yeS^ 
terday, the first for eight years 
dealing Comprehensively with " 
the Government’s development- 

that tbe very pooresr benefit 
from the British and inter^' 
national aid effort. ’' ■ 

In future, an increasingly 
large large share of Britain’s 
E300m a year aid budget wilt; 
go to countries with a yearly ‘ 
per capita income of under $208 • 
(afcssut £97) and to the poorest * 
sectors within the higher in*-' 
come developing nations. 

This was stated yesterday by- 
Mr Reg Prentice, Minister for " 
Overseas Development, at a ■ 
press conference to introduce 
tbe White Paper, called The- 
Changing, Emphasis in British -- 
Aid Policies: More Help for'- 
the Poorest. 

The White Paper notes that - 
tbe prospects for the poorest' 
countries, broadly t^ose in 
southern .Asia and parts of 
Africa, are bleak. These are. - 
the countries which have been ■ 
most seriously affected by jn-"- 
crehses in the prices of oil, food;- 
fertilizer and capital and manif--. 
factured goods. 

In addition to channelling 
more aid to the poorest nations', - 
the White Paper says that* 
Britain’s development strategy 
will be to promote projects to" 
whicb other Western goverti- 
menes can contribute. •- - 

The third prong of the attack"- 
on poverty will be to concen¬ 
trate help on the rural areas 
within developing countries' - 
which contain many of the 
absolute poor, small peasant 
farmers and the landless, wfio^ 
have tended to benefit least- 
from development aid given'ln- 
tbe past. 

The poverty - oriented 
approach covers every aspect 1 
of the aid programme. Eor 1 
exam ole, in education the- . 
priority areas will be for tbe (i - 
provision of appropriate basic 
education and certain technical 
skills, rather than prestige. " 

Leading article, page IS - 

Liner sails after 
three-day delay 

San Juan, Puerto Rico, Oct 
29.—The Cunard liner Adven- ’ 
rurer left last night on a Cacih-» 
bean cruise after a three-dav 
delay because of generator 
failure. Some 500 passengers - 
had been on board since Satur¬ 
day and mamv complained of 
being without air conditioning, 
in their cabins; . . 

This was the second time this 
year that the liner bad been*, 
held up by mechanical trouble 
at San Juan with passengers pn 
board.—UPl. . • i* 

Panorama television team 
detained in Angola 

Luanda, Qcr 29.—The military 
wing of the Popular Movement 
for the Liberation of Angola has 
detained five British television 
journalists and cameramen, a 
Popular Movement spokesman 
said today. 

He said the men were all 
members of a BBC Panorama 
television team, headed by Mr 
Richard Lindley and Mr Robin 

Deneslow. The others held were . . .. . - . 

Mr Butch CaJderwood, Mr David country, including the northern 
Gray and Mr Freddie Dowton. oil-rich enclave of Cabinda. 

The spokesman said they were Tbe heaviest fighting occur- 
detained on Monday and might red on the coast about 500 mile* 
be released late tonight and south of Luanda.—UPI- 

deported immediately. Their 
film would be confiscated. 

The team was detained while 
driving north from Luanda to 
film the fighting between the 
Popular Movement and_ the 
National From for the Libera¬ 
tion of Angola which is trying 
to take the capital 

A Portuguese military spokes¬ 
man said fighting between the 
two movements continued nn 
seven fronts throughout the 

Richard Burton taken ill 

Chobe, Botswana, Oci 29.— 
Richard Burton, the actor, has 
“ a very serious case of 
malaria ” and is being flown 
ro Johannesburg for treatment, 
probably tomorrow. 

■His wife, Elizabeth Taylor, is 
ro accompany him, but she is 

in the best of health, according 
to Mr Gavin de Becker, a mem¬ 
ber of their staff. 

“The doctor wishes ro stress 
that there is no reason at this 
rime to worry ”, Mr de Becker 
added. “ Mr Burton is in satis¬ 
factory condition.” 

Television interviewers 
upset Soviet envoy 

From Dur Correspondent 
Nairobi, Oct 29 _ 

Kenya television officials 
said today they would restage 
the weekly programme. Press 
Conference, which was not 
screened last night after the 
guest, Mr Georgi Dzotsenidze, a 
vice-president of the Praesidium 
of the Soviet Parliament, had 
refused angrily io answer ques¬ 
tions about the Soviet missile 
base at Berbers, in Somalia, or 
about the supply of Soyier arms 
to Uganda. 

Mr Dzotsenidze, who is in 
Kenya with a Soviet parlia¬ 
mentary good-will delegation, 
threatened to walk out of the 
studio after turning angrily on 
African journalists who posed 
the questions. “ If these are the 
questions you are going to ask 
me. I am leaving ”, he said. 

“When rhe Americans and 
the British explode nuclear 

out. Officials of the Govern- • 
raenr-owned television servie'e- ; 
said today that this was for 1 ' 
technical reasons. The pro-*- 
gramme would be restaged, bdt ' 
they would not say whether"' 
the same journalists would be' - 
invited to take part. ‘ 

The incident is reported in # 
the newspaper Doily NatC&n' ■ 
today under the headline “ Rnif \ 
sian sees red during TV .en¬ 
counter”. A leading article' 
headed “Irascible Russiad- ' 
Ambassador” accuses Mr Dzot¬ 
senidze of “an appalling dis- 
play of bad temper", and sug¬ 
gests that 75 per cent of the; 

Soviet Embassy staff in Nairobi’ 
are KGB (secret poEce) agenW. 
All nuclear weapons are a,' 
danger to mankind in general,'-.' 
it says, and it does not matter 
who explodes them. \\ \ - 

The Kenya Foreign Ministry-’ 
said tonight: “Kenya maijv 

weapons you do not complain, tains cordial relations with the.. 

Hit* i.'Vinn male a Cntnar T T ninn M T f am mV* 1 

But when we make nuclear Soviet Union.” It emphasized 

that the leading article was not' 
as a result of a 
Tbe programme was not sent Government directive. 

tests for peaceful purposes you that rhe It 
make a lot of noise. Why " published 

President Ford to describe 
assassination attempt 

From Patrick Brogan 
Washington, Oct 29 

President Por'd is returning 
to California this afternoon, and 
all tbe police ip the Golden 
Srate will do tiieir best to stop 
anyone else gening a shot at 
him. Two women have been 
charged with attempting to 
assassinate the President in 
separate incidents in California 
last month and two men have 
been charged with conspiracy 
to blow him up. 

This is considered altogether 
too much for one state in one 
month. The President refuses to 
be intimidated, - to become “ a 
prisoner in the Oval Office ” of 
the White House, and has been 
out in public, briefly, on a num¬ 
ber of occasions since the last 
time someone shot at him. 

That was Miss Sara Jane 
Moore, who did it on September. 
22 in San Francisco. On the 
fifth. Miss Lynette “ Squeakey ” 
Fromme had tried ro fire a 
pisrol at him from a couple of 
yards away in Sacramento. It 
did not go* off. 

After tbe “Squeakey” inci¬ 
dent, Mr Ford gave up walking 
the streets of California and 
stayed indoors, except for the 

Legal proceedings involving 
both women are moving briskly 
forward. The judge in the 
Fromme case has ordered that 
Mr Ford must give a videotaped 
deposition of his memory of 
that frightening moment when 
he saw a pistol pointing at him. 
The deposition will be taken 
over_ the weekend, after the 
President returns from Cali¬ 

The White House had at first 
demurred, saying that the Presi¬ 
dent was far too busy and that 
there were - plenty of other 
witnesses. The judge finniy 
brushed the suggestion aside; 
if Mr Ford could spend a third 
of his rime rushing round the 
country campaigning, .he could 
find the rime to make a state¬ 
ment needed by Miss Fronune’s 

Miss Fromme’s trial will 
begin nexr week. The judge in 
the Moore case has ordered that 
a hearing on her mental fitness 
to stand trial be held on Novem¬ 
ber 17. He entered a plea of 
not guilty ‘ on her behalf on 
'Tuesday, when she refused to 

Mr Ford is going to a Repub¬ 
lican fund-raising dinner in Los 

brief and necessary movements Angeles this evening, and to a 

between car and hotel door. It 
was at such a moment that Miss 
Moore nearly got him-r-a former 
Marine* was next to Her in the 
crowd and jumped on her, spoil¬ 
ing her shot-. 

loach ip San Francisco tomor¬ 
row ar the St Francis Hotel ^ ft 
was on tbe pavement outside 
that hotel that Miss Moore tried 
to shoot him last time he was 
in town. 

British Consulate 
damaged by 
bombs in Ankara 

Istanbul, Oct 29.—Unidenn- 
■fied attackers threw bombs at 
the Turkisb-Iranian Friendship 
Society and the British Consu¬ 
late here during the night, 
damaging cars and windows but 
causing no injuries, police said 
. today.' 

The attack on the society 
appeared ro be in protest at 
tbe Shah of Iran’s current visit 
ro Ankara and followed a rash 
of posters protesting against the 
Iranian monarch. 

British officials were mysti¬ 
fied by the artack. 

In Ankara today thousands 
of troops and police lined the 
streets, and the Atarurk Boule¬ 
vard, the ■ capital’s main 
thoroughfare, was sealed off for 
the Shah’s procession of cars. 

Heavy security is expecred ar 
a ceremony today to mark the 
anniversary of the Turkish 
Republic, both because of the 
Shah's presence and because of 
fears of new extremist attpeks 
after last week’s assassinations 
of Turkey's ambassadors to 

Austria and France. 

In an address today. Presi¬ 
dent Fabri Korurork said: “I 
condemn the uncivilized attacks 
io Vienna and Paris in front of 
humanity and call on all civil- 
ieed countries to do tbe same. 
Such “ uncivilized aggression 
must never be forgiven. The 
Turkish nation will never 

African’s Czech bride told to leave Kiev 

From Edmund Stevens 
Moscow, On 29 

The Nigerian Embassy in 
Moscow has asked the Czecho¬ 
slovak Embassy to allow the 
Czech student wife of a 
Nigerian student in Kiev to 
remain with her husband and 
accompany him to Nigeria after 
he graduates next June. 

Nigerian students in Kiev 
have been on strike in protest 
against an order to the woman 
to return home. The strike has 
now spread to all African stu¬ 
dents- in Kiev, who number 
more than 900. 

The woman, Mrs Alona 
Ubam, aged 23, received a let- 
rer, dated October 7, from Mr 
P. PospishiL the Czechoslovak 
Consul-General in Kiev, order¬ 
ing her back to Prague and 
instructing her to leave Kiev 
□ot later than Seprember 30. 

A demonstration hy Nigerian 
students outside the consul's and a petition bad do 
effect. The Soviet authorities 
have pJaved no part in the 
affair and have made no move 
to compel Mrs Ubam to leave. 

Her husband. Mr Sunday 
Udo Ubam, aged 29, has been 
studying at the Kiev Institute 
of International Relations since 
1970. The couple were married 
last April. Many African and 
other students, as well as Rus¬ 
sian friends, attended the cere¬ 
mony at the Kiev wedding 
palace, but Czech students boy¬ 
cotted the event on Instructions 
from tbe consul. Mrs Ubam's 
scholarship was cancelled. 

Tbe local Czech student 
organization had always 
opposed the marriage and oub- 

licly condemned it at a meet - - 1 
tag- . 

This opposition had tbe effect 
of mobilizing African suppcrrt^ 
for the couple. The official ^ 
opposition was blamed on . 
racialism. Mrs Ubam's father,, 
a factory worker, and her' 
mother, a sales clerk, had no -. 
objections to the marriage. 

The African students have -' 
also protested to the Interna. ■ 
tionai Student Federation heath 
quarters in Prague, the Nigerian 
and Czechoslovak Embassies in •• 
Moscow, the Nigerian Am bass a-. - 
dor in Warsaw, who is also ■. 
accredited to Prague, and the ’• 
Czechoslovak Embassy in Lagos*. 

A student delegation also' - 
called on the Czechoslovak 
Ambassador in Moscow. He*is - ‘ 
believed to have gone to Kiev 1 - 
last week to look into tbe situat ■ 
tioo- * 1 • * 


Woven to order 

By the Best of England’s Weavers 
Overseas & Home Enquiries Most Welcome 



5, GILTSPUR STREET, E.C.1 Telephone: 01-248 1195 




Fiat staff 
shot dead in 

F eminists meet cooler reception than in Iceland 

American women ignore call for 
a 24 -hour national strike 

Shopping/Ion Trewm 

• '•‘V. i-i 

Buenos Aires, Oct 29.—Gun¬ 
men today killed an Argentine 
executive of the Fiat subsidiary 



wFcEn cSemoroi .contingency^ 

SS3fhS5 ncSStog S“do Wirh taken seriously in some parts of 
it. Others were simply afraid ot 
losing their jobs. 

Mrs Grasso has never been a 

Senor Alberto 

From Peter Strafford 
New York, Oct 29 
American women clearly nave 
different views from those of 
EcS Iceland, about ho* to asgrt 
Aires, and another their rights in society. Unlike 

armed group kidnapped six the women there last weeK they 

Labour leaders and ,4’ re ^ ed ?S? a S for^uaSonal favourite of the feminist groups. 

to kill them, authortnes said igrmnng a ca^for nauo I were infuriated when rfie 
Sa]a , staff ^^r-issued h, the 

they- cannot afford ”. She was 
accused of being insensitive and 
of lacking “ understanding of 
feminism and its objectives ■ 

It was hard to establish bow 
many American women may 
have refused to make beds or 
cook meals today. But in New 
York, at least, there appeared 
little sign that public services 
were affected. The word Erom 
the police department was brief, 
“We have no problems an 
official said, “and we dont 
intend to have problems . 

The telephone company said 
it was unaware of any strike by 

manager of two area plants oi , Organization of 

the Italian car company, was Womeilj lhe biggest of the radi- 
shot dead as he Ie ^ n h °“I5 0 cal women’s groups, as a way 

work,.police said. No terronst demonstrating the impor- 

orgamzaoon claimed respimii Qf womeQ ’ s work. It 

bility for the murder-, hut it^wa^ would be a “ pulling of the plug 

The story so far: Sue and Ion 
T rewin finally moved into their 
Norfolk cottage in July, some 
27 months after they first saw 
it. In two previous articles 
Ion Trewin related the extended 
saga of mortgage, purchase, 
grants, plans and restoration. 
Here he tells how living in 

—----T- cr a «»« i although not without its - 

the country, however. In Hawan, j . than lived 

fnr inctancfl. it was taken up by | pittaus, nas more 
Sts Patsy Mink, a member of | up to their expectations, 
the House of Representatives, 
who called on women to stay at 
home. , , . 

In California, the local branen 
of the National Organization of 
Women said it was counting on 
students, teachers, housewives 
and saleswomen to observe the 

believed the killing may 
been connected to recent labour 
strife at the company. 

An armed group in Ensenada, 
33 miles south of Buenos Aires, 
vesterday kidnapped six labour 
leaders at the navy shipyards, 
police said. The kidnappers 
left a note threatening to exe. 
cute their victims by tomorrow 
if shipyard workers’ wage de¬ 
mands were not met. 

A group of workers seized 
Argentine Fiat executives for 
four hours two weeks ago over 
a wage issue in one ot tne 
Cordoba plants. Fiat closed the 
plant but reopened it later on 
a Government order. Sporadic 
strikes have continued. 

Left-wing Montonero gueril¬ 
las were believed stiU to be 
holding Herr Heinrich Franz 
Metz, tbe West German pro¬ 
duction manager of the Mer¬ 
cedes-Benz subsidiary, near 
Buenos Aires. After he was 
abducted last Friday, the guer¬ 
rillas sent a message to news¬ 
papers demanding reinstatement 
of 200 dismissed workers as 
one of the conditions to free 
Herr Metz. 

The Argentine Government 
today urged the national press 
to join in its campaign against 
subversion, and gave a warning 
that it would take strong a-ruon 
against media distorting the 

that keeps the nation running 
primarily on the efforts or 5 i 
per cent of the population, the 
organization said. 

The movement was named 
“Alice doesn’t”, after the re¬ 
cent film Alice Doesn’t Live 
Here Any More. 

Even before today, however, 
became dear that few 
American women felt that.this 
was the way to set about things, 
whatever their complaints about 

I did not hear the tile fly off 
our roof, but Sue found the 
dent in the car’s bonnet next 

ana « —-, morning, the tile-soU intact— 

strikei “It is rime to take to the | alongside. We had arrived the 

streets*, one of the leaders said- 1_sft-^maon. with 

All of our peaceful means have 

not seemed to do the job. Civil 
disobedience seems to be the 
only thing this country under¬ 

Such militancy has also pro¬ 
voked a reaction. Opponents or 

the strike have called . on nuiu _ - 

Bra £ jobs kft tSTv I Waves, white horses-atmUht 
striking women. 

previous afternoon, 
first of the autumn gales whip¬ 
ping across the Norfolk marsh¬ 
land. Standing on the riverbank, 
where not six weeks before we 
had been soaking up the sun, 
we watched the tide rushing in, 
meeting the wind head on. 

and dress in 

pink. 1 ' 

Herr Schmidt given 
big Peking welcome 

p'bS^Oct29 0naTla S2ce Mr sJd nS tha ’EaSwSrt 

Peking, Oct 29 detente, which the Chinese 

Herr Schmidt, the West Ger- officially regard as a dangerous 
man Chancellor, arrived today ^ ^ soviet Union, was 

for a five-day visit to China aud 
was given the usual exuberant 
welcome at the airport. 

Thousands of young girls in - 

coloured costumes daaced and and other Warsaw Pact couo- 

ebanred as Heir Schmidt wa< tries listened impassively as Mr 

greeted by Mr Teng Hsiao-pmg, Teil g attacked Soviet policy in 

the senior Chinese Deputy E urope) using terms which re- 

Prime Minister with whom he cen dy caused them to walk 

is to have has main talks. out. 

In a pointed criticism of “The superpower most zeai- 
Soviet and East German policy ously praising dfitente aQ d “J 
ne ™*- „ n „ i« llpd over the division of Cermany, armament” was the one which 

A “call to nOMDon^Uisued overturn ^ ^ pra ised ^ -maintaining an offensive 

by the Imenor _ hfcnistry^de- «< PricmricUD between The Z-zt)r posture far exceeding its 

noc raised. . . 

Later at a banquet in the 
Great Hall of the People, the 
ambassadors of the Soviet union 

ciared that some news media 
were intentionally confusing the 
public. It added : “ Tbe authori¬ 
ties will guarantee freedom of 
information but will be inflex¬ 
ible in adopting measures pro¬ 
vided by law for those who 
abuse or distort it.”—AP and 

Hint of Fischer 

to chess scene 

Berlin, Oct 28. — Bobby 
Fischer, the former world chess 
champion, may meet Henrique 
Meriting, the Brazilian grand¬ 
master, in a match in Manila in 
February, the West Berlin news¬ 
paper Tages-spiegel reported 

The paper said its chess 
correspondent had gleaned the 
information from Helmut 
Pfleger of Munich, also a 

According to the newspaper, 
Herr Pfleger had declared that 
he had seen a telegram from 
Bobby Fischer concerning a 
possible match with Henrique 
Meeting. Fischer took the title 
from Boris Spassky in 19/2 but 
saw- another Russian, Anatoly 
Karpov, claim it when he, 
Fischer,.did not turn up for a 
title match.—AP. 

Friendship between . 

ese people and the population 
of the Federal Republic a£ 

A leading article in The 
People’s Daily praised the Ger¬ 
man people as “ indus triou s, 
wise and creative,” and expres¬ 
sed China’s opposition to a 
permanent division of the Ger¬ 
man nation.” , , ,, 

Herr Schmidt today had talks 

posture iar excecuius de¬ 
fence needs and posing a threat 
to the people of Europe and 
the whole world,” Mr Teng 

Herr Schmidt, in his speech 
defended West Germany’s par¬ 
ticipation in the process of 
detente but dwelt more on 
other things, such as relations 
between Europe -and the Third 

have been a storm at sea. 

The tile, an old clay pantile 
from the front, was the only 
casualty that night. We awoke 
to silence; the storm had blown 
itself out and the cottage 
seemed secure. We reassured 
ourselves that it bad withstood 
many a worse storm, for despite 
being in an exposed south-west 
position the whole terrace has 

After establishing close con- pans of our cottage to oe re¬ 
tacts with Western laboratories nova ted when the builders 
‘ n M'± began work in Augualast 

The existing pantiles were 

China setting 
up institute 
for physics 

research, China is setting up its 
own institute . for high-energy 
physics in Pelting- 

This was ascertained by a 
four-man delegation from Cern, 
the European Organization for 
Nuclear Research, which last 
month visited universities, re¬ 
search facilities and factories in 
Peking and Shanghai. . . 

They were returning a visit 

stripped off, with the unbroken 
ones retained so that when re- 
roofing began we could at least 
keep the front matching the rest 
of the terrace. But old clay 
pantiles are a tiler’s curse. 
Over the years—and ours might 
be half a century old, or more— 

to Cern in September, 1973, by become brittle and tend to 
a team of Chinese physicists, - pu^g them back on a 
headed by Professor Chang . had rotten 

Wen-yu, who now heads the new roof, which h 
institute in Peking. timbers replaced and is now 

The Cern group, headed by lined with roofing felt, is not a 
Dr W. K. Jentschke, of Austria, task that the modem tiler wet- 
Director-General of Laboratory cotnes . in fact, a building 
1, saw the research being done inspector from the local council 

on controlled thermonuclear ,_i a section of the 

fusion, involving laser tech¬ 
nology, in Peking and oo 1 novations — —-- 

nuclear physics, with a cyclo- ] bu ijders swapped one or two 
tron, in ShahghaL ” * “ ' 

Doubts grow on arms pact this year 

Alexis Johnson of the United pendently guided nuclear war- 

s££Sl < SSr u“ VSS - and Mr 

continued their new round of Semenov, of Russia, with theur 
strategic arms limitation talks teams, met foi-an taw **£ 
inf/parsine doubts that 45 minutes today in the 131st 
encounter since the latest 


tiles around, rather like adjust¬ 
ing crazy paving, and all 
seemed well. 

Fortunately a tile 
roof is not quite the disaster 
it would once have been, as the 

roofing felt is waterproof, but 
as our neighbour said next 
differences arose I morning we were lucky w 

amid ’ increasing doubts 
any agreement can be reached 
by the end of the year. 

President Ford .and Mr 
Brezhnev, the Soviet Com¬ 
munist Party leader, at their 
summit in Vladivostok last 
year, set the end of 1975 as 
the target date for a new 
treaty. Find, agreement by 
then is now ■unlikely. 

Negotiators believe that it 
would take, eight weeks to pre¬ 
pare formal treaty texts once 
basic agreement is reached on 
all issues at Geneva, which 
means in turn that the dead¬ 
line has now theoretically been 

The chief negotiators; 


round of talks began on 
November 21, 1972. Their 

next meeting is due on Novem- 

The fact that the pattern of 
holding meetings only once a 
week has not been accelerated 
is a good indication that agree¬ 
ment is still some way off. 

The Vladivostok summit pro¬ 
duced a basic guideline for a 
new agreement, with each side 
to have a maximum of 2,400 
nuclear delivery vehicles—mis¬ 
siles, submarines and bombers. 
OF the total permissible arsenal. 
1,320 vehicles may be missiles 
capped with multiple and mde- 

senous aircert:ui.K> moruuie f : n 

earlier this year, however, coif ended up with only a dent in 
cerning new American and the bonnet; a foot_°5f 2L 
Soviet weapons systems. It would have gone throughJ*® 

Soviet weapons systems 

Moscow wants the American 
permissible quota of weapons 
to include the new Cruise mis¬ 
sile, a subsonic rocket which 
flies below radar levels and 
which can he fired fioni an -- 
craft or submarines.. Washing¬ 
ton objects to the new Soviet 
Backfire B nuclear bomber, 
maintaining that it is a strategic 

Other problems involve veri¬ 
fication, ensuring that each side 
complies with any agreement 
and does not replace one 
variety of missile by a more 
powerful type-—UPI- 

Dragon seen to support 
mission in Hongkong 

From Our Correspondent 
Hongkong, Oct 29 

Mr William Rodgers, the 
Minister of State for Defence, 
celebrated his forty-seventh 
birthday at Government House 
in Hongkong last night. Having 
Sen born in 1928-a Year of 
the Dragon—he is classified by 
Chinese custom as enormously 

There will be strong pressure 
on this personal quality in the 
week-long discussions now pro- 

kong’s contribution towards its 
maintenance. All the indications 
point to a sullen acceptance of 
both proposals. 

At Mr Rodgers’s _ birthday 
celebrations last night, one 
speaker pointed out that next 
vear is also the Year of the 
Dragon and it is traditionally 
“ a year of wisdom and adjust¬ 
ment ”. 

It also is argued that, if only 
for symbolic reasons, the even- 

Mr Whitlam wins vote and 
sees early end to crisis 

Canberra, Oct 29.—Mr Gough 
Whitlam, the Prime Minister, 
said today he expected a quick 
end to tbe money crisis con¬ 
fronting the Labour Govern¬ 

He was speaking after the 
Government had survived a no 
confidence motion in the House 

garrison and to increase Hong- units.___ 

Mr Avery Brundage 
leaves over £2m 

Chicago, Oct 29.—Mr Avery 
Brundage, the former president 
of the International Olympics 
Committee, bad an estate worm 
about S4.5m (over £2m), court 
records showed today. He died 
in Germany last May.—UPI. 

Blaze in Moscow 
tourist hotel 

Moscow, Oct 29.—Fire appli 
ances and fire-fighting troops 
were sent to the Metropol Hotel 
in central Moscow today to put 
out a blaze in rafters above a 
tea-room. There were no casual¬ 

windscreen. Even luckier that 
it was not someone rise’s car. 

But perhaps this autumn, 
gale was a necessary corrective. 

True, we Tan out of water one 
day early on when an. **2°^ 
developed in the downmpe from 
the tank in the roof It turned 
out that if hot and cold bath 
taps were full on water 
of the tank faster than it cam 
in the water pressure m west 
Norfolk being low at tfae best 
of times. The answer was to 
install another storage tank 
alongside the anginal one, a 
rasknot too difficult as mode™ |$ 
tanks look like large square *- 
plastic dustbins and ours could 
just be squeezed through the 
trapdoor into the root. 

But our water shortage was 
quickly forgotten as tne 
glorious summer weather had 
us reaching for superlative^ Tt 

was so hot that instead of driv 
20 miles to the nearest 

. \ 

J * ! 

Left: This pdreh 
major addition to our cottafe:,Ui3l 


liked, to keen, but the a 

discovered that it faiad-been’ 

built without foundations. As^ : 
the ground level around the ! ■ 
cottage had to be.lowered ' 

more than two feet before the ' 

damp course was injectedinto : 

the brickwork, there was ^ - > 

chance of retaining the - 
original The new porch bag .! 

. olive-green Italian floor tiles -■ •'' 
(bought for a few. pence each : ' i. • 
: in a closing down sale of a tjfe- :■ i> 

' warehouse in Isling ton, with a-, j”' 
few matching extras found in <. - I-- 
King’s Lynn). The low wall tar 1 ' j- 
tbe right was built to retain -'s.^i . 
the river bank, which was :V- -J- 
. - raised in the mid 1950s to 
prevent flooding. Already -wt r "! 
have underplanted with mixed- ’; - - 
’ daffodils and tulips bought'in 
bulk for about £1 a 100at 
Tuesday Market in King^ Ljha:" j 

Our walls are rapidly fUKag.’;' 
up with pictures and, as in.dig., 
case of tbe Plate Clo& shown;-' 
below, decorative items that 
have a practical side as well. 

This clock. The Tudor, comes' “ 
freon Metal Bex Sc Sariths,is in 
several colours, and runs for 30 
hours between each winding. 

We have placed it so that its - , 
face can be seen from the 
kitchen and the diningroom. - 
Hardware shops, such as 
Timothy Whites, Fowler* and 
Robert Dyas, have stocks at V 
about £5.45. 

The posters are part of an 
extensive series of great. _ 
British railway art from 
mainly between the wars and 
reproduced by Gallery Five, 

14 Ogle Street, London, 

WIP TEG (01-580 7317) and 
widely available. Being in - 
Norfolk, it seemed appropriate- 
: co choose London and Nonh 
Eastern Railway examples. 

That one could holiday afloat 
on the Broads for as little as 
£4 a week makes it as much 
a period piece as the bathing 
costumes in the ocher, East . 
Coast by LNER. Whether 
Scarborough, Skegness or 
Great Yarmouth were ever, thus 
is immaterial, bat at only 
£L25 each for full colour 
posters 24 in x 19_! in, they 

are an inexpensive if short-term 
answer to filling square yards 
of bare walls. 

But these posters are by no 
alone. Soon after 
moving in we met our vicar, 
who turned out to be not merely 
the local historian, but also : 
to have collected a score of : 
. postcards of our village *■ «. 
Jmce was. We see horse and /. 
cart, early motors, the Great 
Ouse frozen over in January 
1940. I borrowed the most 
interesting, had them copied 
and enlarged, and we have just 
had them returned from me 
framers- , . 

None of these postcards is 
older than 1?10. bur my 
parents did find- us a late 
eighteenth century map of 
Norfolk* which now hangs in • 
the Maps -are 
still relatively inexpensive, 
even if you have to have 
th em framed, and we intend 
to make a collection. More 
modern maps, such as the 
Ordnance Survey, make ideal 
and practical wallpaper, if more 
expensive than Sandersoirs 
best. If I had a wall suitable 
I would have already displayed 
all west Norfolk. 

in v 

Me- - 

quite soon, and in such a way 
as to assert and establish it 
beyond doubt for all time.” 

Mr Whitlam has maintained 
that the Senate has no consti- I excess ramyrater — 

interfere «ith | Hood. &£,3ftBS ood 


*0 ftfS-SSt fn*rimes*of 

tutional power to 
Government money Bills and 
has refused Opposition demands 
- --- _ , , . for an election. He has 

oF Representatives and had. tor ^ Government ■ would “tough “““ “"{Tmil we began rest or a 
the third nme, sent back to funds dried walls had been sodden 

d.eSeoeletU p p«H r| , dBeL WJe. wHI 

injection ot a 

•j ( The August heatwave 
said * a ico doing winders to the cot- 

to finance its 
The Senate, controlled by the 

damp course, 

Odposi tion~iTberal and National November. mjeco^ > were not 

Country parties, has blocked There was uproar in Parka- _j astere d until the spring, and 
passage of the Bills for three ment today as t ^ e . Ho ^ se -hi drying out was a slow process, 
weeks in the hope of forcing Representatives debated the ^ ^ ad tjjcen a chance and 
Mr Whitlam’s Government to motion of no confidence in the as soon as we could, 

the polls for the third time in Government proposed by Mr - • ” e nnr 

three years 


)? < *the Bills for three ment today as the 

the shadow 

Although he did not give the 
reason for his confidence, Mr 
Whitlam told an Australian 
National University audience in 
Canberra tonight: “I fully 
expect that the authority of the 
House of Representatives shall 
be asserted and established 

Phillip Lynch, 


The two-hour debate, marked 
bv shouting matches from both 
sides and the 24-hour suspen¬ 
sion of Mr Robert King, an 
Opposition backbencher, ended 
in favour of the Government 
bv 63 votes to 59.—Reuter. 

Mail strike hits Canadian trade 


courier services are doing 
brisk trade. 

Forewarned of the strike 

concluding a wage agreement. 

“ Depending on other issues 
thev (the workerscould con- 
■" ‘ ■ ■ with a much 

From Our Correspondent 

Ottawa, Oct bv Forewarned or ine ceirablv end up with a much 

A cnppkng national strike oy which began on October 21, the £“ aller y suin 0 f money”. Mr 
23,0(X) C £°® d *“ «Sond Government sent our postdated c t 14ev said. Last week he 

workers has entered ns second chequGS {or pensions and other ; from nen ,. ous exhaus- 

*■“ welfare payments, «*!}. J" -| on caused bj' the dispute. 

advance of the normal delivery 
•— cheques 


Talks to end the dispute are 
continuing ‘even while both 
sides, the Government and the 
Canadian Union of Postal 
Wofkers, dig in for a possibly 
prolonged battle. 

Across the country, letter 
boxes have been sealed, so that 
mafi will not pile up, and post¬ 
men have been laid off because 
there is no work for them. 

Canadians, who have long 
•since become weary of labour 
Sifc in *e Post Office, ere 
becoming increasingly dis- 


dates. Some pension 
were delivered for November 
and Mr Bryce Mackasey, the 
Postmaster-General, has talked 
about emergency plans for 
continuing the disu-ibuuon o£ 

welfare payments if the strike 
goes on. 

The union was demanding a 
71 per cent wage increase in a 
one-year contract. It has since 
scaled this down to 51 per cent 
over 27 months. Mr Mackasey 
has offered 38 per cent over 30 
months and has declared that 
the workers will not get. a 

deSds thmParliamentshould penny more even if they strike 
legislate an end to the strike, for a year. ... 


but the Government 
ready to go that far. 

The economy, heavily depen¬ 
dent on the mail for the normal 
flow of business, has started to even 
suffer. Small businessmen are 
the hardest hit, and some have 
expressed fears that they wtil 
^to dose. Private enterprise 

Answering Opposition ques¬ 
tions in the Commons this week 

Lhe Postmaster-General sug¬ 
gested that the Government may 
even reduce its offer if the 
union insists on settling other 
issues, including working con¬ 
ditions and the use of part-time 
help in the Post Office before 

Hopes of an early settlement 
rose on Monday when the Post¬ 
master-General and union nego¬ 
tiators met for the first time 
since the strike started. How¬ 
ever, union representatives 
walked out of the meeting 
Another meeting was held 
yesterday, when the atmosphere 
was a little better. Some pro¬ 
gress was reported. In spite of 
Vh e widespread inconvenience 
and hardship that the strike is 
causing, public opinion seems to 
support the Governments hard 
line attitude. 

In the past few years, the 
Post Office has been plagued by 
an unending senes of strikes, 
some legal some illegal, by 
indoor workers as well as post¬ 
men. These have helped to 
reduce the Canadian postal ser¬ 
vice. once among the best in 
the world, to what manv con¬ 
sider a second or third-rate 

Death sentences 
on drug 

case men upheld 

Algiers, Oct 29.—Appeals by 
a Briton and a Dutchman 
against death sentences . i?r 
drug offences have been turned 
down by the Algerian Supreme 
Court, legal sources said in 
Algiers today. , , . 

Mr Harry Calleia, ^ed 47, of 
London, and Mr Arthur Pouw, 
of Holland, were sentenced to 
death last May on charges of 
drug trafficking of a 
“ to harm the moral w health o. 
the Algerian people . 

Mr Calleia was arrested m 
Algiers last December, and Mr 
Pouw in January at the Alger¬ 
ian border with Morocco with 
more than half a ton of drugs 
hidden in a trailer towed by 
his car. The law introducing the 
death penalty for certain drug 
offences was signed last Febru¬ 
ary and made retroactive to the 
previous October.—Reuter. 

10.000 to be freed 

Bangkok, Oct 29. — Forty 
people under sentence of death 
will be among about KwJO 
prisoners_ to be freed on Dec¬ 
ember 5 in an amnesty 

but our architect advised us not 
to rush in and paper tbe walls 
which had an exterior surface, 
at least until next year. We 
could see that the stm_ was 
doing its stuff,, by the hairline 
cracks developing as door and 
window frames contracted 
from the adjoining plaster, but 
here PolvnUa and its first 
cousin PolyfiUa Woodfix came 
to the rescue. 

Living in the cottage soon 
made us aware of all the small 
finishing jobs that still re- 
mained to be done. Sue bad 
bought for a few pence each 
several dozen floor tiles, and 
as well as-being used for the 
sitting room hearth, they also 
found a footing in the porch. 

We had stacked our books 
on one of the chest-high shrives 
that run the full width of the 
rooms upstairs. These shelves 
are a result of the cottage writs 
being raised in a previous 
modernization when the origi¬ 
nal thatch was replaced by 
pantiles, but their depth is 
insufficient for all but the 
slimest paperbacks and, as 
someone remarked, it did 
seem a little odd that the 
literary editor of. The Times 
had not yet provided for ms 
books. Fortunately one of the 
bargains we had picked up 
from our local newspapers 
classified advertisements had 
been a complete Scandinavian 
shelving system, and this, to 
our pleasure, fitted precisely 
in the alcove to the right of our 
sitting room chimney. 

In high summer we did noc 
need additional beat, but our 

for £1 each from a London 
neighbour) ba,ve come into 
their own in the past six weeks. 
This form of heating may have 
lagged in popularity since the 
pnee of electricity soared, but 
for a home such as ours which 
has low ceilings we find the 
rooms heat quickly and, as the 
loh has been insulated, very 
little escapes. 

A fortnight ago one heater 
failed. As it had been dis¬ 
mantled before being trans¬ 
ported to Norfolk I wondered 
whether a vital organ had been 
damaged. I removed the 
exterior cladding, hoping that 
the remedy might be simple: 
a loose wire perhaps, or at least 
something identifiable. No luck. 
Then I noticed a fuse, which I 
extracted and tested in a 13 
amp square-pinned plug. Re¬ 
placing it with a sound one was 
simple. The heat was on. 

Although this part of Norfolk 
is an agricultural paradise, 
thriving on “ wheat, beet and 
’tacers^ as our vicar put it, 
vast quantities of market 
garden produce are sold at 
market and alongside even the 
most minor of roads—one feels 
. chat every home should have 
a deep freeze to take advantage 
of the cheap summer prices. 
But traditional means of storage 
are much in evidence: many 

river . . 

the Ouse Eager. Lixe —p 
Severn Bore, ii occurs V ' - 
when the tides are favours^* 
rushing up the river like a : . 

wave. So far I have only . 

it. on a windless day in *3? \?. • 
summer. No doubt wttb ® /. . 

the sliver of river- mg about. , - ■ 

the side, still re- p revious ^rfes appear** 

May 15 and July 17. * :■ 

night storage heaters (bought - smallholdings ; stiH . build 

potato clamps, apples are 
stored in the. loft and carrots 
laid in sand. We have also 
found a farm that sells deep 
frozen pork in small packs, as 
well as complete jointed pigs. 
The pork sausages stuffed with 
herbs and made by the farmer’s 
wife have to be tasted to be 

Our own land, the walled 
garden at 
cottage and 

bank along the side, still re¬ 
main to be planted out. But 1 
took advantage of the Tuesday 
market in nearby King’s Lynn 
and bought two sacks of mixed 
daffodils and tulips at £t per 
100 bulbs. These have been dug 
into the river bank and will, 

I hope, naturalize. 

Originally I had thought that 
we would sit out in the back 
garden and thus a patch of 
grass would be necessary, but 
now I am not so sure. The 
riverbank has proved so attrac¬ 
tive that nothing else seems 
necessary. With glass in hand 
and the sun out. watching the 
river and occasional boat dr 
vrater-slder go by, is hard to 
beat. . One evening Sue even 
managed to entice three swans 
out ox the river on to the mud. 
They stayed until the stale 
bread ran out. She 'has also 
twice seen seals that come In 
from the Wash with the tide. 

But the greatest event.on**. 
iver so far has been witness M ,.-’^ *■ ~ 
rv..» a Guor' Like 



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iAjymiN i, ^crooer ly/j. 

yeria for protests 
|ut sentences 
Ither countries ; ■ 

to secure control of British oil 

MR BIFPEN (Oswestry. -C) . We. are tflMossloe whether an represent the Community in other Chipping Barnet, Cl—In his 
uhud the Secretary of State for energy policy for the whole of the committees of the cunlcrcncc ? autmpu to defend one British in* 

of^h 3 r* e shar t d ! Sooth • Ub )^The 

“wnOQJ.o* the Commwaity.- • 4 settled, yet. 

*'* *■' »JVIH,VUvvJ Foreign and Commonwealth Community would he of benefit to 

— . . r ... Affairs how the Linked Kingdom the Nine members wblcb include 

"fhAK/iAHMi-MiAn ' r would be represciucd at thcWorlif Britain. So far that has nor been 

inPr I'ailffi'fl 1 ril^C Energy Conference expected to demonstrated, as far as 1 can see. 

V*VF m R.A A-A A VvJ •••-.•; open in Paris on December 16. We arc discussing the question of 

w« representation at a conference and 

. C'omauins trials, which are shared by an South-Eay Ubi-Thl «**« two matters are to some 

S'H* nvakham Forest. “^tegS ^?.in the SCtt,Bd yPt! “flft i??pwetJunU question and 

-■Vv^or scme ftfr »« o*crite?ia|ta^^?tarere .. MR BIFPEN—In the Cooserva- It is this procedure which has still 

' AfXl£°^£3 consider in wfi5™cIre^csmcS k tive Parry manifesto of October to be settled. 

'ifciSt ta- ^n^diSS %*** a c beneFictaV influence, ?“ lccl that the first . MR EDWARD TAYLOR (Clas- 

“ Govwnment SwSd s O“ed«nes the representations are. t^naL n^utrement wonld berfor gow. Cathcart. C)-U • would 

. !■.’ IT - . “™ UJU in nnhu, .. the British D*nn » tn Mnrn rAittTnl . rfuiMn U. n- ilihlliw if nmnlat. 

oes ut uk cunlcrcncc 7 attempts to deicna one Briusn in* Prime Minister has handed out to 
CALLAGHAN—l do not ‘erest, diere is concern that Mr him in the last few months ? 
'^^i S “.¥“-^? e r e . a X c 5 £ a S an R i7ri. d h^ _.¥* CALLAGHAN-Thai ques- 

so busily encased in the thing s the • MPs, of which 1/2 were Labour 
Prime Minister lias handed out to MPs, excluding Mr Skinner ? 

number of places for industrialized j? urra °f . tion seems 90 per cent directed to 

coumnes at this Industrialized con- from the quc*.ion of North S.a oi ^ L(. ver ra^gj- l j UT1 to mc> { w ^jj 

fercnce, which has been a rr a nged wt . have a vital Interest in the gjadlv nave a word with him X 

hai,L ' “the fo«hewing advice. acd experience. 

: mencS°oF^punr^Sw L n Private. He~Sbauld"'nor assam?if f ™ ! «i?™™.hbnefies^frbnvoiir ed the Grand-Old Duke of York 

'■• ’.?• fnrekn national■; mn he does -not"hear LKsr liaTe been i -offshore oi}. This statement en- . and - had a. san-nat after-standing 
- ;Ioreigfl nationals con- Jirr CTT-' I shrined widr.™ ... _c_. im;h rcr 

made a claim for one of them, 
don and „ MR GORDON WILSON (Dundee 
has still East, Scot Natl—As Scotland will 
be an oil exporter within nine 
t (Glas- “oaths—and England never will 
would he—the appropriate representative 
nmnlat- al tbC United Kincdom at rhic 

cess oi roe ronncumins con- u., S tsn h; . 

fercnce. Will he make sro-s he docs d^ncc: t LauthierA aU 

not damage other equally Impor¬ 
tant interests ? 

MR JOHN DAVIES (Knutsford. conference? 

Would Mr Callaghan girt us a 
clear statement that there will be' 
no compromise, char press reports 
emanating from various news¬ 
papers are wrong and that there 
will be a firm stand by die ■ 
Government that we will have our 
own scat at that important. 

MR CALLAGHAN—1 think he *v?—'V* 1 * Mr Callaghan confirm \ 1 R CALLAGHAN—1 do not 
bid better settle his affairs with H?? t j£? r P ls n0 Provision eichzr in wish to comment on _fr«s reports. 

as the representations are. ■essennaf requiremem wonld berfor g D w, Catbcart. C)-li ■ would “““ c W»P™iy representative j}7" O \vo narw hefere takin" this *** tTeanes or •& subsequent Act I hare made no approaches to any 
public and: at other: times ®ntish people to retain co/Jtrol destroy Ms credibility if he.omnlat- £°«ed Kingdom at this ijne iris a au“ 3 tiono f renresen- of ti,e Community which deprives other government on this matter, 

e- He should not assume if orxhe maximum benefits from our. ed the Grand Old Duke of York .SL ,,uld >’ a Scottish ' r 2® q d u '? s t,0 ° * this country of Its North Sea except to say to my coDeagues in 

SSS'.** ^ hare net been , 

■ uuintw uvui vui. cu UiC ur^mu viu whim wi -_T - 

Ttis statement ea- and-had a. sen-uat after stuadinq ^ 5 !?£®r • /e prescaans 
wisdom.'- SO firm. Will EEC membership re ? ts ln ol1 - 

securing legitimate make it Impossible for Britain to U L | currcnr develop- 

ScuMith ration. This does not affect the rr* 
seottMi , uhsrance of ^ dialogue. *”“* ? 

The question of representation MR C 

MR CALLAGHAN—1 will gladly 

s - &r& 

except to say to my colleagues in 
the EEC we are claiming a separate 
seat. IE anyone has any proposals 
ro put to os about it, 1 will con- 

.->.9 Into account include 

_ -rr—-r— — -- —'— — wnat re presen ta lions har-n hwn countries V\nn dl- mere, is wp/rjic wu ucpnre us ui our assets. 11 we 

“■s-callabh wgw.jijw sk!Jsaw.^s« a"Sumjar b rss&i'sssts&irtti 

f}—Surely he MX CALLAGHAN—On this think fr would if that representatives at "imprn-ft^^Ti help those other people In other us to decide, and if we decide not 

5 -Barnet, ..C}—Surely he MR CALLAGHAN—On this 
be prepared -to . condemn exceptional occasion I am happy to 
e believes to !be injustice agres with the Tory matfffesio. 
er it may take place ? - (Laughter.) But I wondered, .when 

Jx* 11 ®-anything In the . what be believes to:be injustice acres 
•---.' 36 :°* Uje or the wherever it may take place ? - (Laugh 

^MR CALLAGHAN—1 have made he was 
1 ? flnjtartan or humau that dear on nearijr, cverv occasion was adi 
v. • rr' rf h_,- „ when Conservative Ml»s have of his t 

^ifssA^issjss j&_ 

,^o aroM interfere in f' <* 2 

^Via'SMs ssas/sa-g tma 

■ :; <c -.rSSdiw1iySSS! ' s ™®' 

- :-iuch events. - — MR - B2ITH.- . (Berwick . upon .saying 

■ .:■ Tweed, Lj—In these difficultprol»- asset? 

HMflk ir wouw IT dt at dcmcjou representatives at internatioaal hc, P rhose other people in other us to decide, and 
^ ^J^jLSrj^feSS^ conferences .once ^ere 'ScS « 2 «"- .«*• ^trying to pro- to. that is for ns. 

rules would 'prevent us iolning ^“l^mbiy " 15 " Scut ' 

because one procedure of Once Is nAiwemDiy 

that oil must he the major export , tVLK j,auai»han-T his con¬ 

vent Britain from going, by making 
that bort of point. 

MR MAUDLING—We have an 
interest in North Sea oil and In the, 
Luhcsion of the Community, and 
what he describes as a procedural 
question goes to the heart of the¬ 

cas reading it out whether he that oil must be.the major export f J“* -» This . con ' vrn crtvvfr Iri 

going, oy making mr DONALD STEWART (West- question goes to the heart of The; 

ern Isles. Scot Nat)—Would Mr Community. Will he give an nnder- 
Bolsoi'cr, Labi— Callaghan accept that if at the taking that we win make the max* 
about seemingly forthcoming energy conference imum effort to reconcile these dir- 
jriift a sew at rftc decisions are taken which are can- fering British interests ? 
when Mr Ca'lag- sidered contrary to the n&donal t irniN-Th* nmtt « 

icess of hacking interest of Scotland, rhere is no 

same time, the guarantee that the forthcoming ??5L 1 "? e jL ^^Jn^^sSSrinl? in?' 
Duchv of Lancas- qrnrHsh aovernmem will under* altem P t reconcile ditfenn* »n 

Scottish government will under 
write them ? 

1 crests. Sometimes they' can be 
reconciled, sometimes they cannot.. 

MR LUARD (Oxford, Lab)—Has 
Mr Callagban considered a com- 

MR CALLAGHAN —I take it that I do not know whether It will be 
an independent Scottish Parlia- possible to reconcile these interests 
meat will accent any international or not. That is for others to say. 

.irWTSlSSSt£!SS;- h MR eallaghan—T here have (f-oud ^Labour P-JS d0M he Dut have , word 

■NiiSffiiSS saarJHBasa suafjS art. w!fh rh - rH —“ r *- “■ 

<-**& ui ui,u UUILIIIIUCIU Will con- i— .-> , —‘n- 

nnue to represent the whole of the of it for 1A est German corn- 

treaties entered into by its prede¬ 

On the future of the Community,. 
I have seen It go through worse; 

./"Ariap'left wing regimes Government wish to make clear 
: . -j>-ld over inddencs far that we regard fair trial as an 
.: •'? seal* of those In which essential condition in anv 
• . irers of policemen were democracy. 

: -."*Jf!?* 5®“““ “ Sf MR CALLAGHAN—J asree. 1 do 

be made dear in fairness to our fcrence. In return for allowin, 

Community partners: 

some other members 

fifS™ cheers.) Why does he not have a word MR HEFFER (Liverpool. Wal- things than this and with much 

« .w, rnn in, .. . _ with the Chancellor or the Duchv ton. Labi—Has Mr Callaghan's stronger language used Bbpuc- 

f?.r 1 chief Opposi- of Lancaster and suggest that the attention been drawn to a motion particular matters. I do not think■- 

J?Lvrr?n , Fopei i 2 1 ar.d participation plans be speeded up. which gives him full backing in the he should be too womed about 

of the EEC to Commonwealth affairs (Barnet. If he can find the time When lie ii stand he has made, signed by I7S ibat. 

Bill would allow 

■" .1 £ SDairi ? or deat ^ penalty after sum- CIIA rAtVfl 

■ 11 ** SpalB ? maty mal, or reports of torture to Wl out. v-1 U WII 

; "l. v LLAGHAN—T here are extract confessions, are Ukelv to v „^__ •_ 

.'sons for concern on commend themselves to anvbodv in LOVERIDGE (Havering. 

; '.‘■'in and human rights this counter, with the exception wP™nster, C) was given leave to 
■'■jout the recent Spanish . of -one or two people perhaps. mcroauce a Bill to amend the 

pciiaiw. Crown Proceedings Act. 1947. to 
“ . • ' allow a member of .the armed 

• -. ■ 1 _' ^ ______ £ forces to sue the Crown in respecL , 

/be on verge 01 new I for adequate * insurance in such j 

ement in Spain 

MT that mrmibers' of the Territorial 

Minister promises 
protection for 
trawlers off Iceland 

MR HENDERSON (East Aber- ro do that, will he give them 
deenshire. Scot Nat) asked the necessary protection ? 

Secretary of State for Foreign and 

H« MID fl.e gjll. Wl -a^pwl. in Co^onwMltb Affair, tcr.'n,,?. i5BS»«£“uf.. JSTfSS WS tadT£-«T35irffi5 a«B rf&-5iiiwr~ «*»'«-• 

fii^P LK- mw3C J an ' n J£ reB f, £’™,^ tl0 . n m November 13 rhere is no doubt mem that at present rive' mee'lnns elections to the European Parlia- own procedure? 

rtS re & ard co lccland s fisfling limit*. what the British Ashing industry’s of the European Council for Mland on the electoral system MR HATTERSLEY—On tbe pos- 

Air *Fnrre and^Rov^Na^d MR HATTERSLEY, Minister of rights are. TTi-se rights have been rers were proposed for November, to be used in such elections. sibiliry of holding elections by 

MR HATTERSLEY—Yes to both 
parts. Certainly if the agreement Is 

Busy month Optimistic to expect 
? 1he Sir* direct elections 

ministers in Europe by 1978 

SIR ANTHONY MEYER (West 1978. whatever else the Govern-- 
MR HATTERSLEY. Minister of Flint, C) asked what represen- meat may decide will they be cer- 
Statc for Foreign and Common- rations the Secretary of State for tain that they do not tn- ana har- 
wealrb Affairs {Birmingham, Foreign and Commonwealth tno-mze election procedures and 

R: that nunnbers' of the Territorial 

' . „ „ • Army Volunteer Reserve and the 

‘ . (Caernarvon, PI assume, indicating that it was no Royal Air Force and Royal Naval 

. clrprf th» SpitpI'jit n( hlnnH, ii» nulfi.a w.... _ I . _ ... 

established by the International Foreign ministers (he said I will 

MR HATTERSLEY. Minister of 197S ’ L o ,Tl 0 B 'i ld ^,f? y r n a S°nn««ih]° 
r *. rp tf Up f nr mal rftore- would bfillCVt rhflt £0 DC poSSJOl- 

S5^L hC fr^ nS «^S«u P, Sr would be optimistic indeed. 1 do 

emnation -of the recem remainkig fascist elements and (' J?- J ie PS^ r i Minister of Industry visited Lon- tiop ®ud restraint 

rers on a date yet to be set. 

of Basque nationalists iSTSS. "SS h^ ro-‘the iSSSSSf ^ToroffifiW0^23 ^ There will also be a tripartite in'^d™are 

•ers of other minority moderates- in Spain. section. of_ the_ 133 Independent „ 1 nghts the British tras/ier industry ^i.“ __“uv.. ._ 1 _ r- a «,fni Tho Gov- 

' v, srtL?- , sss sss-j 

“None”. The whole question is f^mild be° held* That ^a^^'be 
cirrrentiy_the subjen of discussions ** 3*^ “ro ron- 

of the policies general* 
by the 5panlsb Govcrn- 

tions have been made at 
ti on a number of occa* 

MR CALLAGHAN—He should I-their deaths 

Parachute Squadron were swept ro Bad i 41 - 

a river exercise It was agreed that sdentific and 

not make any assumption of the In Nottinghamshire, relatives were technical -discussions on the stare have that protection. 

kind, whether bloody or otherwise: denied any right'to sue . 1 of the fish stocks off Iceland McNAMAR\ (Kinccrnn j« ““ I -"? 0 *V » •*«; ““ i y u s " ^ 

(Laughter.) .... . ■ Adequate life and other should be held bv British and Ice- u non Hnll Central lib?—Sh a ^ oa ■ ^“^“rions. In addition of the issnjs where national in- Parliament is weak and umnnnen- 

On the representations to Spain assurance should Mso he taken out Jandlc fisheries Aperts as. soon as staremenr on nrawoliM will bl ^ ere 1S - lo be 3 P ?, eemi 8 of g aa - « re « P° u «sk the cohesion of rial it does nor matter w&e£er 

a took separate action and dom- againsr accidents for the reservists possible and that a hmiier meeting JeSS i“alf SSST^nm Bat don mm,Mers an Nov ' ember 20 - the Community. Can we for once members are elected or nominated, 

oed actio a with many other in training. In the five years from at ministerial level should take i t imoortam to ««« n\ the At t ^ Te foreizn affairs council, he both .positive and constructive but will he take loro account the 

mast have ^ oroTcmo'n oT'ihe confcrciicc. VobabW on Novem^r giving it careful study. The Gov- 

British SvSobSS m ?( 1 i? Su M. of ministers of employment and erumem's position will be months or years. 

J 11 WI, ‘ economic aftalrs. the Commission announced in due-course. MR FERNYH 

discussed when we have to con¬ 
sider the views over tbe next 

of . the fish stocks off Iceland 

economic affairs, the Commission 
and European employer and trades 

mounced in due-course. Mjl FERNYHOUGH (jarrow, 

SfR A. MEYER—This is not one Lab)—So long as the European 

^ iding my discussion with bined actio a with many other in training. In the five years from at ministerial level should take i t imnortam m ctre?< rrl the 
.Jh Foreign Minister In countries. Our of theJJ sentenced. 1969 to 1973'only 27 people were place in the light of tiiose discus- Icelandic Government the severe I ministers 

in advance of rbe execu- whether'as a result of prorests-and killed in such' accidents while on 
tiia Prime Minister’s appeals or not six..were reprieved, . duty: 

M the Spanish Prime It would be hard for'RIr ; Ameiy ' . _ 

Britain also took part as ro deduce that the appeals we 

of the European made and the representations made. PJ-ff Dw*ih|, 
y in joint demarches and b .v many cohntries had no effect. Jt 1 tiFM DFlliSlll 
MR TUCK (Wacfbrd, U'B)-^ t a 

GLEY—WTD he confirm Wit not let Spain come imo th; I^OnCOrflG 
Government would not EEC ? She„wHI be. much worse off 

re under any tircoto- there than she outside., tai* miicpiini 
e admission of Spain into (Langbter.) | IvIX UiUoCuill 

irany relationship with it mr ' CALLAGH-AN—If, ,;the.l the EARL of KINNOULL (Cl ; 

the by pressing for early direct elec- argument that it rhere are direct 

WbHe we did not make as much ^"ou?°fi?ltiSg aras? U paitico7mS? KiK5^i' ?or ™ 0 SE fe SSsS ™ MR ? HATTERSLEY-We are 3? British 6 efec^orsd^role^shoid 

consumer-prodncer dialogue in tions on the basis of fair represen 

elections any citizen who is enti¬ 
tled because of his name being on 

progress as I hoped during last Hnmberslde; That' Icelandic "mem- {SSTfSafaJe 5S°HkS& ro' disSS commtteiTto ‘tiUTtreity, to which have "thr righr to'be' nominitedT 

week’s meetings, negotiations arc ployment is lower and tbeir stand- KLJJSi 16 f 0 S r ° EuroSS ire are a party, to take part in and we would not wish nomi- 

stiU cootmuing and we jaust cop- ard of living far greater than that council meetine scheduled for direct elections. The arrangements nations to be confined to members 

(Langbter.) shc "“-'p "“f for museum 

tinue to hope that it will be pos- of the ordinary British fisherman. 

Council meeting scheduled for direct elections. The arrangements nations ro ne con tinea ro n 
early December. They wHI consider fur direct elections and taking of the Commons or Lords. 

S2i "'f&LTSS'S S “S. B ATmsuSMh-e .talks Se ^fenof ftT fishing "on^ decisions about jltaw elections are 

WhiCh *2?" DOr - bc “ r ^. I around Iceland 

ig zones decisions about oirect elections are MR HATTERSLEY—The wH*. 
possibly a complicated business. There are dbm 0 f ^, at commends itself to 

:pir*s on November id. Britain was a powerful and rich aP0U ud Norway and will resume many questions that have to be 

MR HENDERSON’—In discus- nation frying to exploit a small and j^,. consideration uf the overall answered. The House would not 

~~~ 37-sions will he take account that weak nne. Britain is tryina tn Mediterranean approach 

CALLAGH.AN—If, ,.;the. . The. EARL of KINNOULL (C) Iceland has a quota of almost establish, re-establish and confirm context of negotiations 

sort of repressive regime Spanish people on the basis o'f>. asked iriiat proposals the Govern- 22,000 tons of herring in the North rights granted and confirmed Maghreb and nf the mandate for 

SL 9 2X?££& I 22 , %£ ref««Jdum-decided: by. three^ to menr bad f ^ diaposai of the 5“ »? d tbe. west coast area and it under International. legal condi- ne&otia don with the Mashraq. ■ 

tbe sort of policies that one that.they wanted income m T . . rn .,‘J 7 " would be favourable to our fish- tious. __ A „ . ... a . hA . 

»e executions ? - would not object, provided ; tflat prototype and pre-production ermen if, as part of the arrange- We are trying ro do so with a ph J Ir ?T?J wW lt j! to * fJffJif? 

.LLAGHaN—I have made tiie .referendum was conducted.. Concorde aircraft and whether ment, Iceland?* quota or herring country with whom we have the «*« Community s matrons with 

r and repeat it. -It mav be ■ democratically;. they would bear in mind the need coold be given to our men in friendliest relations but whose in- Sol* sin 

. Wt ^imUHG,. chi^- 9 ppom- : to preserve what would be histone .^change for concessions made to bw» h«d lS a great deal ^ r E ^^ d 

enri ^oo spokeStmTOOH forden-agd ^H-craft. ... . fT ^ whose unemployment isnegUgible. thel976 schemcofgeneralizedpre- 

J£f Cpmmonwtrttii affeits—Why have LORD BESWICK, Minister of MR H.\TTERSLE y -Jhat pro- Th^maabebo ? rneia mind ^ ferences. There is also likely to be 

aish people and of Europe hia representations to Spain alone state for Industry—Having consi- P 0 ** 1 would go far outside esutb- 015 na ' discussion of the working group 

a so - J . been to puMk and his many repre'- dered idl possibQicies pm to us it Is lished intentions thar we have had ---report on direct elections to the 

are _ many tendencies al seutations to other countries, been now our proposal to hand over the since this mamtr was first dis* European Assembly which was 

in the want us to rush towards compii 
with the “fed decisions. ____ 

On the powers and influence or 
the European Parliament, we have. 

Spain today. I can only in private ? . 

Spanish people on the basis of!.a. asked triiat proposals the Govern- 22,000 tons of herring in the North rights granted and confirmed Maghreb and nf the mandate for MR RICHARD MITCHELL to understand it exists according to 
referendqnr .decided .■: by, three to meor ^ for -h e of Th . Sea and the. west coasr area and it under International. legal condi- negotiation with the Mashraq. ■ (Southampton, lichen. Lab)—If the treaties. We are uommkted to- 

one that.they wanted to,come in T ^ 1 ” : If VJJS,.!?. would be favourable to our fish* tions. IT.d.L™ direct elections are possible by direct elections under them. 

would not object, ‘ provided; that Prototype- and pre-production ermen if, as part of the arrange- We are trying to do so with a J h $CL ,wW . 1 ?i5?. _—-- 

the .referendum, was conducted. Concorde aircraft and whether ment, Iceland’s quota of herring country with whom we have the e Community s relations with 

•democratically;.;';- they would bear in mind the need could be given to our men in friendliest relations but whose in- Canada, andof loop* „ _ m n > 

MR K.UPLnK.fJItf- « C han-e Tor c» 0 c« Sl 0 M »« .» g,^,“VS3 Sd.AS.ilfb. Slid “S TTaInIRV dfikthS 111 SOHIIK 

tion spokefflMti- on forejei^i agd vazreraft. whose unemployment is n?eUeible. the 1976 scheme of generalized pre- AXUllU.a.J UCalilJ All UpaUl . 

Commonwealtii affairs—Why_ have LORD BESWICK, Minister of MR HATTERSLEY—Jhat pro- ?2S^iSS bc'borae la mfSd. ferences. There is also likely to be Y . 

his representations to Spain alone state for Industry-Having consi- posal. would go far outside estab- ^ ^ Dornc 1 nB discussion of the working group An nmiriuln^A 

been in pobMc and his many repre- dered idl possibilities pm to us it Is bshed inrennops thar we have had ---report on direct elections to the DrcSSUlCS Oil LUUaUI<tLv 

sentathms to other countries been now our proposal to hand over the since this matter was first dis- p Q 1 .i: am - n * ftrv nri *:„« c European Assembly which was JT* 

in private . . British-owned Concorde prototype cussed rwo years ago. My ohjec- idmauituuuy uul,tcs commissioned by heads of govern- mr ROWLANDS Under Sec re assigned a member of the consu- 

MR CAIXAGHAN—Apparently 002 tothe-Science Museum. It will Ih^ririfh^^rmiS House of Commons ment at their last meeting in July. . ta S f or Foreign^’lid ComSo^ Wtaff tad ed mtb Mrs Baug- 

Mr Maudling wanes to keep piddog- he placed on display adjacent to make sure that British fishermen House ox Gomroon. Agriculture ministers are wMirh Affairs stated that he had han's problems? 

at tto. These repr^entations are dafm^S^refend^nd^e^d” expected to resume consideration been asxonished and shocked when Bearing in mind the vast amount • 

not the only ones that, have been Royal Naval Air Station, Yeovil- ciaimeo uy iceiatro continue to ao r,m,»inbia aiasc*. of hbe restruaurrog of the be discovered the pressures under which went into the coffers of 

now our proposal to hand over the 
British-owned Concorde prototype 

. AA 1 . *a’« 4 .w f)*l**; A n 1 _U ...Til 

ivi MWMvva^ivu.1 "'vuv r- --—— — „ x—-- --_ 

them ? higher chan that of Britain and 

MR HATTERSLEY—That pro- , iS5 ,UEib,e * 

posal would go far outside estab- *“* raast ^ borne ,a ™ nd - 

lished intentions thar we have had —-—--— —-- 

since this maatr ivas first djs- t>^_ 

cussed two years ago; My ohjec- rarnamcDtary notices 

at a situation will be CALLAGHAN—Anoarentlv i 002- to 'the- Science Museum. It will tive, which I bope to achieve, is to _ 

n wblrh Ir will be possible Mr Maudling wants to keep P pidtiog { he. placed on display adjacent to mak e su re tbai British fishermen House of Commons 
•pe and Spain to come at These representations are the Fleet Air Arm Museum at the traditionally fish m .the waters Today at PancyiM 

the 1976 scheme of generalized pre^ tiouaay aeains m ^ 

ferences. There is also likely to be ■» 

asfs A^jsssfra pressures on consulal 

European Assembly which was Jr 

coraraissioned by heads of govern- M R ROWLANDS, Under Sccre-assigned a member 
ment at their last meeting m July. tary for Foreign and Common- late staff to dei 
Agriculture ministers arc wealth Affairs, stated that he bad ban's problems ? 

:ether. ' not the only ones that: have been 

MERY (Brighton, Pavi- made in public- These were parti’- *--• ■ . Hn„«A nf Fai-#?c community wme regime »uu tne wtUCD the isriasn consulate in oar- spam iruni onoso iuur»u, u«j 

In answering an earlier -cularly sensitive issues about an We propose to offer pre-produc- MR WALL (Haitempricg, C)— nouse ui wiras arrangements for linked Kingdom eclorra - bad been working in were entitled to more, sympathetic 

e indicated that in decid- issue which aronses deep emotion tioo aftxrafi 01 ro the Duxford Will he maintain the righrs of Bri- Staaflo” ofCwniMii mchhw imports of New Zealand butter A ugnst, but he added that because understanding than Mrs Baughan 

er 10 make an official in many parts of Europe. .Mr Aviation -Society ro be held by tfsb fishermen to fish up to the rtsh Dovrinmrnmi Agency iNn :> mn after 1977. There mav also be a 0 f the financial retrenchment, the had received, 

had to consider whether MaudBng may not share it. bur them, in association with the limits under the present agree- joint meeting of foreign and agrl- Fnrden and Commonwealth Office MR ROWLANDS (Merthyr Tvd- 

ie beneficial, thereby, I many other people-do. Cambridge County Council. • ment. and if then they are unable menu. culture ministers, on a date not yet would be forced to close one of the ... . A 

---;-;---:-:_ hut lik^lv to he near the end nf in Cnain thi« HI. Lab) Said tnar IrOffl Cje 

te beneficial, thereby, I many other people do. 

We propose to offer pre-produc¬ 
tion aircraft 01 ro the Duxford 

Cambridge County Council. 

MR WALL (Haitemprice, C)— 
WUi he maintain the rights of Bri- 

ment. and'if then they are unable menu. 

Community wine regime and the which the British Consulate in Bar- Spain from British tourists, they 
arrangements for Unked Kingdom cclona . bad been working in were entided to more, sympathetic 

understanding than Mrs Baughan 

joint meeting at foreign ano «gri- Foreign and uommonwcaiin uroce 
culture ministers, on a date not yet would be forced to close one of the 
set, but likely to be near tbe end of British consulates in Spain this 

ncern over strife in Lebanon: embassy commended 

the month, to discuss aspects of year 

bassv commended- smbmtt T a bm™"s 

■ VU H I Ill vimvU thJannual repon^on the economic adjournment debate of Tuesday’s Mrs Baughan and secured privj- 

. ■ . _ - . ■ i situation in rhe Communitv Tollow- sitting which ended at 2.45 am Jcged visiting facilities and hotel 

MR CALLAGHAN—It is not a )o p l he coo^Iraenc? dedsion of today, raised questions arising accommod ation. After Nicola’s' 
nrS««!i»rtnr e and n hK ua^ufniram* lack of enter P ri s e or in terms February 18. 1974. Tbev will aL«o from the death after a road acci- death tj, e v had contacted her. 

a ^n of whether we should intervene hut discuss possible Swiss membership dcnt ,n Barcelona in August of father in Britain and he decided 

SSSbSTw iwf ffiefTyS a question whether we should im- S rtfe snake .od " K Nicola Baughan, aged la of Derby. she should be given a local burial. 

SS stress (Cheers) The aS?bas- EC ove ^ «t«wpon by doing so. Euratora loans for nuclear power He said that she had been to The Consulate General had’ 

.1,1. »». The combined mews of . those of us stations. three hospitals m succession, was explained the circumstances and. 

RUHnem they knew of what had 
happened, the Consulate General 

3DHART (Bromley and particularly vulnerable,-'are'there 'so. The question of medical sup- 
1 , C) asked the Secre- any cont ing ency plans to.'evacuate plies is being considered at the 

1 , C) asked the Secre- any contingency plans to.'evacuate plies is 
Jtate for Foreign and the victims of violence by see. if moment. 

ialth Affairs for a state- that ls necessary ? As there seems ' The last question is one'to whlcb 
t the position of British to be a growing shortage of medi- 1 give daily attantidn. I ' am in 
the Lebanon. . cal supplies. in -Beirut, ■ have we touch with other government*' 

AMES - CALLAGHAN:made any.offers of mgdfeal sup- about It in the Middle East, in 

0 nth-East, Labi—There P«es. to . .the Lebanese . Govern- Europe, and tbe United States. 1 

3.000 Unitedvlfipgdnjn ment-? - — will be discussing the matter fur- 

remaining in the . As Beirut' has for many years thcr with my colleagues lo th* 

where dsefeB^ut at the present ’ ^ CALLAGHAN—It is not a 

in, «-»«*.« l.i Ot '-..orprue or «UI_ I, ttrm. 

ambassador and bis staff congratu¬ 
lating them on the way they are 

,,j n . hnniK rn u» Mr Caraml rh, uimuiucu ntns w.tuinc of US stations. wret nuipiuiu m cxpiuiucu uu- unvuinaiiiu «un 

Prim* MlniSar tndn NnmTal who have , been discussins tiiese M ltie f| sca] council, ministers operated on in the third and died costs of returning the body but 

Nicoia Baugoon, ageu u, u. sfie should be given a local burial. 

He said that she had been to The Consulate General had’ 
three hospitals in succession, was explained the circumstances and. 

re m a inin g in ’the . As Beirut has for many years 
The ambassador has been one of the most pleasant and 
rted that as Far ax is . tolerant rifles in the'Middle East, 

Community on Thursday. So far unflcr 
we have seen no sign of any action moment 

ad called 
with four 
dead and 

United Kingdom is it right that the western com- tftai coold be taken, l ean promise 

e safe, and wen and munity should -seem to stand com- (he House that if we thought there spokesman 

been bo reports'of any- pleceiy aside while Beirut is blown was we would do so. 
’ In.the recent- heavy t& bits ? _ ue witiihc ,r 


? 3 MR '’CALliAGE^N.—At the , MR WATKINS (Consett, Lab) r 

ised all United King- moment British.Airways and most L n . f t r *g c J? 

■;>riwse presence is other airifoes are. operating norm- 
.JS&SLi 59^7 thrpogh Be>rm during daylight ** SSSuS rh2 

* m moment ’ 1 MR FAULDS (Warlev, East, gramme on taxation, and possibly been buried in a catnoitc ccmotery road accidents with two dead and 

MR MAUDLING Opposition Lab)—Although foreigners are io the Commission's draft proposal without a Christian bnnal service, five seriously injured, on top of 

[can promise MR ^^.udling, opposrtiun beran^ of the fighting in on tax reliefs lor small packages It had been arranged for a clergy- other work. During this year so 

thought there goj«“ a 9 on “ d LrtiLnu^ fi£ She™bisKSn no Imported from third countries and man to attend but he had been at far. 77 deaths had been reported to 

Common<*ea]in affairs lBarnet. mrClPstarinri Af Rrirish nr fnrei“o the draft second directive * on the Protestant buriai ground when 1 he consulate, 

nsett. Lab)- SSc sireafeJ nro only 8 “sSiSSS “ tobacco duty harmonization. the interment cook place. They bad a total staff of nine; 

: situation in ~‘^fArine of the MR CALLAGHAN—There has Ministers at the budget council The Consul General had been on He apolosuzed for the nusunder- 
egress from Sootemr a coSti^whfehte ?ovriv bemf no mol Station of British wiU consider the amendments and holiday at the rime. Surely he standing and confusion over the. 
impaired? Is ^should hut hirau« national? Thisita most tnSiiC modifications proposed by the should take his holiday in the slack funeral arrangements. The body, 

satisfied thar 52£SStortU,' rb^rnS European Assembly to the draft part of the year, not the last two could not now fc be f brontfii tack- 

Common wealth affairs l Barnet. 
Chipping Barnet C)—This Is a 
grave and tragic situation not only 

The^ajntiasMdorno difficulties over transport for ' Middle East- We support the seems to bc collapsing. Mr Karami Community budget fur 1976. 

iw:, ajnpassaaor .19 no dimaimes over transport for 
-fiuther advice to the "persons wishing to leave. We are in ni 

mkSkk&ouia he con-, close "touch with British Airways 

. • .. ' and 1 -would make alternative plans operan\e . 

As the road ro evacuate United Kingdom MR CAL 

nl h!S5 Foreign Secretary’s congratula- 
1 > ban esc Government are Fully ^ons 10 the embassy staff. On anv- 

has hopes about the prospects of a 
ceasefire. Perhaps today or tomor- 

jmmunity budget 'for 1976. weeks of July ? When the consul- because _ Spanish law prevented 

The meeting of education minis- ate staff knew that Mrs Baughan exhumation after a period of less 
— f__ .u„ rMr Ranf-hnn had than rwo vears since rhe buriai. 

ters will consider a report from the ( was alone 

thing he can do to help with the row wOl bring better news. We can education commirtee about educa- 

reromed home at the end of his The Foreign Office had no funds to 
holiday, while bis daughter was in finance the repatriation of her 

rut and lhe airport iff. nationals.-if it was necessary ro do Is in no greater danger than any- port. (Cheers.) 

IU1US ue uu 10 ueip iuc iuw wui uuue ucuci u,»>. »««. j T T. r u;- Hsnahnr ,.-,0 in pinam 

MR CALLAGHAN—The embassy situation he will have our fuU sup- only hope so for ilie sake of that | dona! cooperation in the European J holiday, while bis daughter was ro nnanc 

»n im ernater dinwr rhan anv- onrr. /riwprs.) unhappy country. Community. hospital! why nad 

Government defeats 
forth Sea oil Bill 

Several decisions by peers on Employment Protection Bill reversed 


tbe that 

Foot and the Labour 


' -oleum and Submarine 
Bill wax considered oa 

e 1 (Constitution of rhe 
local Oil Corporation), 
amendment to remove 
ment that two members 
location should be civil 

that this requirement 
new and bad never 
1 a requirement (or pub- 
tions or nationalized ia- 

civil servants would be 
ious position. On their 
s civil servants they 
□ confidential informa- 
comp nJes which were 
with the corporation. 
3ALOGH. Minister of 
nergy, said that all the 
actions that Lord Camp- 
y had mentioned in thu 
iust civil servants could 
A voiced against all the 
^^ftff/od various accountants 
ors. It was absurd to 
--* 1 . t tiiis sort of situation 

- in the case of the 

-rom time to time (he 
- known as not a total 
our civil servams. in- 
r present department. 
iever dreamt of suspect- 
f untrustworthiness, or 

■ble to carry two ioyaf- 

■rfcci equanimity and at 

me give service to both 
■mploy them. 
0YAL fC) moved an 
to ensure that there 
try control over fundi 
nulared in the Account, 
on when any- excess in 
t should be paid by the 
f State co the Consoli- 
I would rest with the 
lone. ThQ amendment 

deleted the consideration bv the 
Secrenujr of. State. - • 

He said no case bad been made 
for altering : the.-normal way of 
operating financial and executive 
powers in this country. 

activities ■ and expenditure would 
be subject, as everything else was 
subject, to overriding Treasury 

Major decisions 00 these matters 
were not taken by. individual minis¬ 
ters; they were Government deci¬ 
sions. - " 

The amendment was carried by 
9fi votes to 57—majority against 
toe Government, 39. 

On Clause 24 (Acquisition by 
persons of rights to use pipe-lines 
belonging :to others). . 

moved an amendment to secure to 
me owner tbe recovery of an equi¬ 
table proportion of tbe relevant 
capital and. operating costs of the , 

He said the amendment would 
encourage people who built the*=e , 
pipe-lines to get . tbe best possible 
nse of tbeir investment. They must i 
give tbe companies some assurance 
th« Investment they put into pipe¬ 
lines did not lose its value- because 
of the way in which other people 
were allowed to use them. 

waiting, said there were no cir¬ 
cumstances in which the owner of 
a pipe-line rould be worse off 
unanriaBy through the admission 
of a third party. The Bill made 
dear that the cost of making 
modifications to accommodate a 
third party must be borne by the 
third party. 

The amendments was carried by 
63 votes to 3S-*'mau'ority against 
the Government, 25, 

.The report stage was concluded. 
House adjourned, 7.28 pm. 

Em ploy meat "Protection Bill were 

MR BOOTH. Minister of State 
for Employment (Barrow-in-Fur¬ 
ness, Lab), moved that tbe House 
reject a Lords amendment to 
Clause 11 (Reference or recogni¬ 
tion issue to Service) providing 
that an employer be enabled to 
refer recognition issues to the 
Advisory, Conciliation and Arbi¬ 
tration Service. 

He said the need for employers 
to refer recognition issues to 
A CAS was limited and applied only 
in rare circumstances. The sort of 
cases which were peculiar to 
employers could raise complex 
issues and the provisions of this 

Government have to pay to the 
barons of tbe TUC for their sup- 

sure would not usually have any 
signifi cant effect on assets or pro¬ 
fits. Employers were out required 

oorr in other wavs. Not content to release information which would 
with all tbe benefits and advan- adversely affect the undertaking, 
rages they had demanded and Where price-sensitive information 
nhuine-d from th*» Government, the w » u » divulged and iT COUld send Up 

tages they had demanded and vvuere pnce-sensmve information 
obtained from the Government, the was divulged and it could s ®- nd “P 
TUC leaders were now apparently ' s ! ,ar |..P r,ces _ tlier * ,vas “ ot * ,,n RJP 
nor prepared to allow employers jhz Bill to stop the employer tell- 
the same access to ACAS as they ««S shareholders. rbe Stock 
had themselves. Why not? What Exchange or anyone else, 
were they afraid of ? There was a defect in rhe Lords 

..... . . amendment in that there was m the 

MR BULMER (Kidderminster, Bill no sanction at all againsr an 
Ci said the amendment went sonat emplover who broke the Stock 
way to redressing, the Imbalance ro Exchange rules of disclosure. Pre- 
the Bill. Employers sbpul4 have SU mably tbe Stock Exchange could 
proper recourse to ACAS. take action against an employer 

MR BRITT AN (Cleveland and withouc the benefit of the amend- 

ACAS was limited and applied only proper recourse to ACAS. 
Lr^crwerfoSliar' £ M* BR1TTAN (Cleveland and 

Sira SfSro^foVra 
a»*jss not fdeany su,red ror 

the purpose. as the emplovers- best friend. 

the purpose. 

Where a dispute on recognition 
existed which was apprehended by 

He had written: ** Recognition 

the employer he could make use of disputes between unions which are 

the conciliation provisions of 
Clause 2. Where he sought advice 
on questions of recognition he 
could make use of the advice pro¬ 
visions of Clause 4 -and where he 
sought ACAS to inquire into and 
report on a recognition issue he 
could make use of. the inquiry- 
provision under Clause 5. 

If recognition matters could be 
solved 00 a conciliation basis it 
was more likely to achieve a good 
industrial relations result. 

MR HAYHTOE, an Opposition 
spokesman on employment 
(Hounslow. • Brentford and Isle- 
worth, C). said tbe Government 
were being blatantly partisan in 
seeking to .eliminate the amend¬ 
ment which gave equality of access 
to ACAS for both onions and 
employers regarding the reference 

increasingly troublesome in Ihe 
white cottar field can be extremely 
damaging 10 employers. These can. 
of course, ask help from the ACAS 
conciliation officers under another 
section of the Bill but that hardly 
rustffles excluding them from the 
procedure designed specifically for 
recognition issues ”. 

Tbe motion to reject the Lords 
amendment was carried by 
votes ro 222—Government 
majority. 55. 

secretary for Employment (Lam¬ 
beth, Norwood, Lab), moved that 
the House reject a Lords amend¬ 
ment which would provide that 
a company required to disclose 

information to trade unions on 
the company’s future plans, owl 
which co aid significantly affect 


Many of the disclosure provi¬ 
sions in rhe Bill were not substan¬ 
tially different from the provisions 
on disclosure in the Industrial 
Relations Act, 1971. 

MR BRITTAN (Cleveland and 
Whitby, C), for the Opposition, 
said the amendment did not seek 
to protect companies that might 
not wish to disclose Information, 
quite the reverse. It was directed 
at bad companies which might be 
compelled to disclose price sensit¬ 
ive matters to trade unions, under 
the disclosure provisions, but 
would be extremely reluctant to 

MR BOOTH, Minister of State 
for Employment (Barrow-in-Fur- 
ness. Lab), moved that the House 
disagree with a Lords amendment 
to remove from employees the 
right to guaranteed payments 
where laying-nff or short-time 
working resulted from an interrup¬ 
tion to fuel and power supplies 
beyond the control of employers. 

He said that if they accepted that 
because an employer had no con¬ 
trol over rhe interruption of his 
fuel and power supplies he should 
not contribute to guaranteed pay¬ 
ments. it could also be argued that 
anything else over which die 
employer bad no control should 
equally free him from the obliga¬ 

MR MADEL (South Bedford¬ 
shire, C) said some industries were 
in such a precarious position with 
che rise in unemployment and the 
downturn in demand that if there 
was a break in tbe supply of elec¬ 
tricity and power they would be 
put in a difficult situation. Private 
employers were helpless in such 

The motion was agreed to. 

Secretary for Employment' (Don¬ 
caster. Lab), moved that the House 
should agree with the first of many 

surance contribution would be 0.05 
per cent for employers. That would 
be paid by employers for all their 
employees and would not be paid 
by employees. This was a major 

MR HAYHOE (Hounslow, Brent¬ 
ford and Isleworth, C) said this 
would be a much fairer system, 
spreading the burden across 
employers. Some women might nut 
have been employed and some 
might have lost their jobs if the 
legislation bad gone through In its 
original form. 

Tbe motion was agreed to. 

MR HAYHOE moved an amend¬ 
ment to a Lords amendment to 
make it provide that non-union 
membership should be on grounds 
of “ deeply held personal convic¬ 
tion ”, instead of “ conscience 

Tbe issue, he said, was one of 
principle. It was whether people 
who genuinely and sincerely as a 
matter of conscience or deeply 
held personal conviction felt it 
wrong to join a union should be 
able not to da so. 

MR BOOTH said it would not be 
right co accept chat the effective 
operation of closed shop agree¬ 
ments and the rights and obliga¬ 
tions of employers, employees, and 
unions Involved in tbcm should be 
subject to a statutory qualification 

, ~ rr ic woum oe extremely remnant 10 . uuu ,» ^ i UH u, . - --—“‘■’■j -,.— 

motion to reject toe LiOtos rffer Tn<JI ^ a( information further Lords amendments to set up a of chose rights and obligations un- 

nent was earned by „ ol DfxesS aniy because the com- central fund to refund to less that qualification was dear 

ro 222 —Government y ^ harmed, but for employers maternity payments and unambiguous. The House 

b'> »». other reasons. made by them to their employees. sbould reject fids amendment and 

JOHN FRASER, Under- jjr FRASER said there was He said the new fund, replacing the Lords amendment. 

'f? fo r . Employ-men t( Lani- nothing in the Lords amendment the requirement on employers to MR HAYHOE said at a time of 

konvood. Lab), moved mat which prevented disclosure of in- make' maternity payments direct, rising unemployment individuals in 

of recognition issues. Tbe Govern- assets or profits. 

ment were seeking to deny eqnalitf 

of access. 

It was not an employment pro¬ 
tection Bill bat a trade union bene¬ 
fit Bill. Presumably ihe said) it is 

mak e the infor ma tion available 
in accordance with Stock Exchange 
disclosure requirements. 

He said Information given to 
unions would be concerned with 

part of the legislative DanegeJd collective bargaining and discio- 

pany might be harmed, but for 
other reasons. 

MR FRASER said there was 
nothing in the Lords amendment 
which prevented disclosure of in¬ 
formation but there .was an ele¬ 
ment of uncertainty in the word¬ 
ing. If the amendment were carried 
It would give the Stock Exchange 
power to legislate. It Could have 
the effect 'oi allowing the Stock 
Exchange to pass subsidiary legis¬ 
lation with an' obligation backed up 

by the amen dmenL 

The motion to reject the Lords 
amendment was carried by 274 
votes to 222—Government 

majority, 52. 

had profound and sincere convic-__ 

The Opposition amendment to 
the Lords amendment was rejected 
by 266 votes to 211—Government 
majority, 55. 

The motion to reject trie Lords' 
amendment was carried by 267 > 
votes to 212—Government 
majority, 55. 

On Clause 104 (Amendments of 
rhe Health and Safety at Work etc 
Act 1974). a Lords amendment 
deleting the require mem restrict¬ 
ing the appointment of' safety, 
representatives to those appointed- 
by recognized trade anions was 
rejected by 268 votes to 215— 
Government majority, 53. 


Secretary for the Disabled, said in, 
a written reply that he was con-, 
ceroed about the increase in the 
number oE fatal accidents involv-* 
ing three wheeler drivers reported 
in die vear ended September 30... 
1975. He was advised that in none, 
of these cases was there any evi¬ 
dence (hat a mechanical defect in 
the vehicle was a cause of tbe 
accident. He was consul-tins ex-' 
pern in the Department of 
Environment and the Transport. 
arid Road Research Laboratory 
and wo aid gtve the mast urgent 
and careful consideration to any 
comments or recommendations ■ 
which might be made. 

iudikc in cue ru-i iy pdymcuih uu cu, lulus lucm Luuivjuuaia in . _ 

would be-similar to the redundancy- different parts of the country were UVerSCflS V1S1IS 

payments fund. It would involve a 
small addition to an employer's 
national insurance contributions. 

There would be an additional 
com of £900,000 for collecting the 
money and administering the fund 
through tbe Department of 
Employment. It was expected chat 
there would be 220.000 claims for 
maternity pay a year at a cost of 
about £25m. 

The addition to the national m- 

beinq sacked because they were 
unwilling for one reason or 
another to conform with the 
requirements of union membership 

The Opposition were not moti¬ 
vated in seeking some change in 
the law by a desire to protea the 
free rider but believed that the law 
as it was being pushed through by 
the Government lacked adequate 

safeguards for the individual who 

Mr Callaghan, Secretary of State, 
for Foreign and Commonwealth 
Affairs, hopes to visit Latin- 
America during the coarse of 1976.- 
MR ROWLANDS, Under Secre¬ 
tary. announced at question time. 

MR ENNALS, Minister of Stated 
Foreign and Commonwealth 
Office announced that he woufd 
be paying an official visit to the 
Middle East, including Syria, early 
to November. 

: a -main" :^hTob cmnmn-'T’ 

■ Mari director and «f P. nS§? 1 ** Sa ^ esst ^ * J. 

BU*K,au)dQy enUB 

■** 7 **amaf 



The People’s Peace 

Russell : ambiguity and paradox 

The Road to 1945 
By Paul Addison 

<6ape £6.50) 

■ Churchill's inclination was to 
dbsorb himself completely in one 
thing at a time . . . Talk of the 
future would divert attention from 
tbg terrible urgency of the iinme- 
dipte crisis, and stir up political 
controversy. Moreover he found 
such questions humdrum, gruel 
after the champagne of grand 
strategy . . . Reconstruction, then, 
cmdd not then come about through 
Ghurchitl. But It gradually flowed 
around and. past him, like a tide 
editing, off an island from the 

When high tide came in 1945, 
of course, the island dis¬ 
appeared from view completely, 
to cries of ingratitude, and the 
shocked amazement of a great 
p'art of the world. The first 
lesson of Paul Addison’s stylish 
and intelligent hook is that no¬ 
body should have been shocked 
or even surprised by the huge 
Conservative defeat two months 
after VE-Day and just before 
Potsdam. Churchill himself was 
ah indifferent-and wilful Con¬ 
servative: it was sail the parry 
of Baldwin and Chamberlain, 
and, if they had gone, most ot 
their MPs were still in the 
House. The ground had hecn 
cat away from Churchill's feet 
years earlier, if indeed he had 
ever trodden firm ground save 
that afforded by his particular 
genius for fighting Hitler’s 
war on Hitler’s terms. 

'That he unknowingly led a 
Trojan horse through the gates 
of power when he took Labour 
leaders into his 1940 Govern¬ 
ment is one of several legends 
exploded in The Road to 2945. 
The armed warriors of social 
reconstruction were planning 
their campaign quite openly, 
arid' if Churchill would never 
have permitted precious parlia- 

m earary time to fight them 
through, neither had he himself 
the time to Co of use them very 
effectively. Another myth, pro¬ 
pounded by Churchill himself 
after bis defeat, is that Labour 
Party agents broke the political 
“ truce ” of the war years more 
flagrantly than their Conserva¬ 
tive opponents: Dr A ddisoa 
shows that most of . them were 
irv the Services and that Labour 
Party organization was very 
rough and ready even in 1945. 

I suppose the truth has always 
been known but I have never 
seen it put so clearly as in this 
book: after the fall of Cham¬ 
berlain the whole country 
shifted irreversibly to the Left, 
and Labour, particularly after 
the experience of its leaders in 
Churchill's Coalition, was the 
best political machine of the 
day to express that shift on the 
Stamte Book. 

The political impact of Dun¬ 
kirk was enormous, if hard to 
assess at the rime (Dr Addison 
makes shrewd use of Mass-Ob¬ 
servation and Home Intelli¬ 
gence reports which are Far 
more revealing than has often 
been supposed—mosr politi¬ 
cians held opinion polls in con- 
rempt and Churchill did not 
learn of the frequent predic¬ 
tions of his electoral defeat un¬ 
til Lord Moran rold him in 
1946). Memories of 1919 were 
fresh and The People’s War, if 
it was to progress beyond Lloyd 
George's elusive land fit for 
heroes, must dearly be fought 
to establish the terms of The 
People’s Peace. “I agree with 
Carr”, wrote Barringron-Ward 
of his colleague’s leader in The 
Times as early as July, 1940, 
“—planned consumption, aboli- 
tiou of unemployment and 
poverty, drastic educational re¬ 
form. family allowances, econo¬ 
mic organisation of the Conti¬ 
nent. etc Nothing from Daw¬ 
son's successor, you notice, 
about the state of the Party. 

The programme beyond Victory 
was the welfare state. 

Dr Addison describes 
Churchill’s Coalition Govern¬ 
ment of 1940-45 as the greatest 
reforming government since the 
Liberal administrations of 1905- 
13—not in terms of new laws 
(save on family allowances and 
Butler's great Education Act) 
but in terms of preparation. If 
the first main thesis of The 
Road to 194S is that Conserva¬ 
tive defeat had been a fore¬ 
gone conclusion since the year 
of Tobruk and El Alamein 
(respectively, the nadir and 
turning-point of rite military 
battle), the second is that the 
Attlee administrations of 7945- 
Sl, far from being the innova¬ 
tory phenomena believed at the 
time, had most of their great 
reforms laid out for them 
beforehand by a wide range of 
opinion and. above all. by the 
brillianr devisers from outside 
rhe party system-—William 
Beveridge and John Mavnard 
Keynes. Here again Dr Addjson 
looks at familiar figures in 
quite a new way. 

" Consensus ” can be a 
smothering sort of conspiracy 
and there is a feeling again 
now in current books as un-alike 
as Maurice Cowling’s Impact of 
Hiller. The Cecil King Diary 
and Terry Arthur’s 95 per cent 
is Crap, that Westminster and 
Whitehall are mutually com¬ 
petitive industries which close 
ranks the minute they are 
threatened from outside. Dr 
Addison slings his narrative 
between the twin poles of 
“ Baldwin’s consensus ” 0922- 
1940, more or less) and Attlee’s 
(1945-51). and the sharpest of 
several definitions he gives the 
phrase “ consensus politics ” is 
the agreement by which the 
major parries agree to cooperate 
in order to prevent die political 
initiative passing out of parlia¬ 
mentary hands. 

The solitary brilliance of 
Keynes, the popularity of 

Beveridge (the Report sold 
G35.000 copies) were as much a 
potential threat to classic deci«. 
sion-taking as the meetings of 
Mosley in the previous decade 
or the bombs of the IRA in 
ours. (Both Cowling and Addi¬ 
son. working from quite differ¬ 
ent directions, conclude chat rhe 
man who enforced most of the 
firm decisions in British politics 
between 1933 and 1940 was, of 
course, Adolf Hitler.) When 
faced with such a -challenge 
from outside. Governments may 
destroy, ignore or subsume 
them. Keynes and Beveridge, 
without conventional political 
backing, were subsumed, if 
barely by Churchill, then whole¬ 
heartedly by Attlee, Bevin, 
Morrison, and such post-war 
Tory .reformers as Eutler. 
Macmillan, Woolton and Hogg. 
Tbe result. Dr Addison con¬ 
cludes, was ever greater con¬ 
vergence leading to the ultim¬ 
ate consensus of Butskeliism, 
whereby the new Conservative 
Chancellor of the Exchequer in 
1951 (ironically, Churchill’s) 
was virtually indistinguishable 
from his Labour predecessor. 
Butskeliism become the norm. 

Whether you believe, as 
Addison does, that the system 
which informed tbe Govern¬ 
ment of Great Britain for the 
next 25 years is now irretriev¬ 
ably defunct through over¬ 
strain and exhaustion, or 
whether you hope it can be 
revived in some form accept¬ 
able both to those who regard 
Clement Attlee as tbe Arch¬ 
friend of Compromise and those 
for whom Richard Austin 
Butler has always flown with 
an overdeveloped left wring, 
The Road to 1945 offers a mar¬ 
vellously stimulating, densely 
documented and readable 
account of how. under rhe pres¬ 
sures of possible extinction, the 
system of the middle way first 
came about. 

Michael Ratcliffe 

Feverish industry and activity 

By C. P. Snow.. 

( Macmillan, £5.50) 

Samuel Johnson and 
His World 
By Margaret Lane 

(Hamish Hamilton , £6.95) 

“Trollope kills me, kills me 
■with his mastery”, wrote Tol¬ 
stoy after reading The Prime 
Minister. C. P. Snow prefers 
"mastery” as a translation, to 
the more conventional “excel¬ 
lence”, and throughout this 
thorough tribute to a still occa¬ 
sionally undervalued novelist it 
is on Trollope’s command of 
his craft that he concentrates, 
and about which he is consis¬ 
tently interesting and reveai- 

The book is primarily a bio¬ 
graphy: here is Trollope’s fam- 
ily^his father, a iron pos¬ 
sessed bv “paranoid fury and 
speechless gloom ", diving into 
work on his - great Ecclesiastic 

Books next -week: Malcolm 
Bradbury's new novel The 
History Man. reviewed by 
Michael Ratciiffc : The Point of 
No Return, by Robert Fisk, re¬ 
viewed by Conor Cruise 
O’Brien; new biographies of 
Brain Stoker and Sir Gerald 
Kelly; Crime, reviewed by H. 
R.'F. Keating. 

Encyclopaedia (he reached the 
letter D, then died); his 
mother and her unexpected 
literary success; and TroHope 
himself, an employee of the 
Post Office, riding 40 miles a 
day from Cornwall to Mon¬ 
mouthshire to organize the 
postal deliveries, inventing tbe 
letter-box, and finally at 42 
having his first literary success 
with Barchester Towers. Was 
there ever a more industrious, 
feverishly active author ?—up 
at 5 to write 2^00 -words every 
morning before breakfast, (ben 
a day’s work at the office, then 
ou to the Garrick for whist, 
then home to entertain his 
friends ("You seem to have a 
very good appetite, Mr Trol¬ 
lope “ Not at all, madam, 
but, thank God, I am very 
greedy” ) And hunting on two 
days in the week. 

All this is fascinating, and 
sympathetically told.; But then, 
in two fine chapters, there is 
critical comment on the 
novels—an analysis of Trol¬ 
lope’s imrveblous - dialogue, a 
sure eye for the autobiographi¬ 
cal elements of the books, and 
a noble defence of his methods 
of work. Lord Snow points out, 
for instance, that, neglected 
and unloved .by his parents. 

abused and scorned at Harrow, 
Trollope was haunted until -his 
dying day by the miseries and 
sufferings of his youth, and 
suggests that this left him 
lacking in ego, giving him the 
natural ability to see his 
characters vividly as them¬ 
selves rather than as projec¬ 
tions of his own imagination, 
making him “ the most scrupu¬ 
lously realistic of all nove¬ 
lists ”, 

This is one of those elegant 
books designed and produced 
by George Rainbird Ltd, who 
have helped to make the fully 
illustrated “ coffee-table book n 
an acceptable form for the 
serious biographer or social 
historian. The illustrations are 
particularly well selected: 
some of them of course show 
us Trollope, his friends and 
relatives, rise places he knew; 
others, however—contemporary 
genre paintings—illuminate 
rather than illustrate the 
novels themselves. A painting 
by Yeames is, for instance, 
w possibly Madame Goessler 
consulting Phineas Finn’s law¬ 
yers” and for once such an 
assertion does not strain credu¬ 
lity. (“Oh, no it’s not”, one is 
so often tempted to say; but 
here—well, yes, possibly.) The 

book is a pleasure to handle, 
engrossing to read, and a 
delight to look at—and Lord 
Snow has still managed to con¬ 
vince us that it is a book that 
was written first, and " made ” 

Rainbird also produced Mar¬ 
garet Lane's Samuel Johnson 
and his World. The tide sug¬ 
gests that it was conceived as a 
book which should be almost 
equally a portrait of the eight¬ 
eenth century and "the 
Doctor—perhaps because of 
the good recent studies of 
Johnson, inaViding the justly- 
praised one by John Wain. The 
result in this case is a rather 
too densely written book -which 
demonstrates some of tbe 
perils of the “ coif ee-table ” 
format: the print a little'too 
so tali and crowded for the 
illustrations to look easy, and 
the style perhaps a little too 
scholarly. * 

C. P. Snow’s text at first 
seemed a little too loose; ‘diV 
cursive, conversational, but: in 
the end is convincingly right 
for his putative audience. His 
book is an illustrated bio¬ 
graphy, Miss Lane’s a biography 
with illustrations, 

Derek Parker 

The Life of Bertrand ' 
RusseU * 

By Ronald W. Gark 

(Cape and .Weidenfeld & Sicol 
son, £6.95) 

The Tamarisk Tree 

My Quest for Liberty and Love 

By Dora Russell ' 

lEiekfPemberton, E5.95) 

Half saint, half' satyr,- wholly 
j monsire sacre, the face looks 
out upon -us from-the photo¬ 
graphs, properly suggesting am¬ 
biguity and paradox. The aris¬ 
tocrat who espoused socialism. 

yet despised the masses; the 
pacifist wbo advocated a. pre¬ 
emptive nuclear war; the 
feminist who took refuge in'the 
parrist obfuscations of .the 
divorce courts; the sensualist 
driven by fears of impotence; 
the moralist who .told public 
lies. From these thousand or 
so pages, Bertrand Russell 
emerges, warts arid all, but 
emerges finally triumphant. The 
books are well taken in con¬ 
junction . 

Mr Clark’s well researched, 
often ill written, biography tries 
- always to be fair, but Dora 
Russell's memoirs are a pas¬ 
sionate and proper corrective. 

Mr Clark has had access to 
the journals and papers of the 
Bertrand Russell Archive at 
McMaster University, Ontario. 
Given the solecisms of his prose 
—which grow fewer as the book 
progresses—he has been wise 
to quote them in such abun¬ 
dance, to adopt a modest pos¬ 
ture ; though this, ultimately, 
detracts from bis achievement. 
One would have liked him, diffi¬ 
cult though it is, to take some 
stand on Russell’s position as 
mathematician and philosopher, 
to have given us a proper 
exegesis of the best known 
books, not least the History of 
Western Philosophy. Though 
Russell’s impact on his own 
times transcended his achieve¬ 
ments as an intellectual, it was 
on these, surely, that it was 

His own autobiography 
showed him, misleadingly, as a 
cold fish ; one came away above 
all with tbe image of his going 
in 1902 for an afternoon cycle 
ride in the fen country, de¬ 
ciding he no longer loved his 
first wife,. Alys, and telling her. 
It was. as Mr Clark shows us. 
a great deal more complicated 
than this; though Russell's first 
three wives unquestionably bad 
a hard time of it. Alys never 
ceased to love him, and seems 

Russell and Dora at Telegraph House. 


In and out of the Algonquin 

r RobHerwig 
and Margot Schubert 

* THE 



, The world's most 
„ comprehensive bopk on 
.. the careof houseplants. 

* Over 1000 different plants, 
aver 300 superb full- 
colour photographs and 

* overt 00 how-to-grow-u 

* diagrams. Everything you 

: want to know from feeding 
■ and re-potting to 
•' propagation and pest- 
: prevention. 

£6.50 nrl 

l Send lor Colour Lrallet 

Here at the New 

By Brendan Gill 

[Michael Joseph. £6) 

The New Yorker combines the 
studious hi jinks of a prep 
school with the pointless mys¬ 
tery of a Chinese secret society, 
and yet in tbe fifty years since 
it was started by Harold Ross. 
its affectionately foul-mouthed 
editor, it has published some of 
the best writers in America. 
And not only in America, since 
it has kepi many British short- 
story writers prosperous as well. 

No one is quite sure how this 
has come about, least of all 
Brendan Gill, who confesses 
that to him the priuting of the 
magazine is miraculous and its 
payments incomprehensible. 
Nor is he, for ail bis inside in- 
formation, ahle to say much 
about some of its star contribu¬ 
tors. S. J. Pereiman gets a 
passing mention; no more. 
Thurber is written off as mali- 
cinus (Mr Gill substantiates 
this, but not without sounding 
rather petty himselfi. Updike 
appears in three lists of writers, 
one staring that he has written 
104 pieces for the magazine: 

that is all. The reclusive J. D. 
Salinger becomes, if anvthing, 
more featureless and baffling in 
Mr Gill’s book. Peter De Vries, 
who has been writing brilliantly 
for the magazine for nearly 
thirty years appears nowhere in 
these pages. 

Eu^ it is not Mr Gill’s inten¬ 
tion to suppress. This is a 
birthday book and throughout 
its author is in a festive mood. 
He writes. " Because T was born 
with more than ordinant energy 
and with every passing year 
appear to have less and less 
need of sleep, I spend much of 
my life racing from one plea¬ 
sant social occasion to the next 
... 1 am acquainted to far mure 
people out in the world than 
anyone else on The iVei:- 
Yorker is." and (though this 
hardly tallies with his- omis- 
sionsi “1 am also in a position 
to knmv more people on the 
magazine itself than anyone 
except Shawn I the editor J is 
likely to know”. Mr Gill docs 
more than brag about his superh 
mental health; he proves it by 
describing his survival in the 
swift currents of popular jour¬ 
nalism. He is downright irre¬ 
pressible in his anecdotal his¬ 
tory of the staffers and contri¬ 
butors who have come and 

An unsolved enigma 



The Oriental Influence on 
tKe Beginning & Development 
• of Design 
An Exhibition by 

■s a man torn between two women, 
ohe Indian- the Other English: torn 
Mhraen W* wrecon&ilabla philoso¬ 
phies of Freud 

aod Hinduism; . . . shores wffh all 
pf us ifta aoutis ... the urgom 
sufferings of our time ' as Sir 
Barnard Miles wnjas ln IA , J'£. 1 For8 " 
notd- to this- novel by JAYPAL 
Bachman & Tunwt £3.75 


His Life, Writings and 

By J.N.D. Kelly 

(Duckworth, £10) 
j The Principal of St Edmund 
Hall has answered in his 
lerome rhe need for a full-scale 
English biography of the great- 
! esr scholar among the Latin 
Fathers- He has done more, 
however, than provide an 
authoritative work of especial 
value to chose whose interests 
lie iu that particular Field. He 
has given the general reader 
an enchanting study of a fas¬ 
cinating personality*whose life, 
though reflecting the preoccu¬ 
pations of the declining classi¬ 
cal world of the fourth and 
fifth centuries AD. provides the 
inner conflict of contraries 
which in any age makes a story 
of unusual human interest. 

Jerome emerges from this 

comprehensive study more re¬ 
markable for intellectual power 
and scholastic achievement than 
for saintliness. He was no doubt 
canonised more for his lasting 
services to the Church in the 
provision of the Vulgate than 
for any pre-eminem holiness of 
character. In fact, it is clear 
that outside the province r«f 
scriptural research Jerome 
tended in generate more heat 
than light. Throughout his pro¬ 
gress from Strido in Dalmatia, 
via Rome as secretary to Pone 
Damasus. and. after much 
journeying. to Bethlehem, 
where he did most oF his liter¬ 
ary work and ended his days, 
be proved himself a bitter con¬ 
troversialist, and punctuated 
the steady flow of his Biblical 
toils with polemical treatises, 
particularly against Pelagianism 
and the teachings of Origen. 
For all that, he attracted and 
made disciples of Roman ladies 
seeking to lead a devout Jifc, 
two of whom, Paula and her 

gone, beginning chapters with 
the exclamatory, ** Poor 
Maloney! ’’ and “Oh, but John 
O’Hara was a difficult man!” 
He is particularly good on the 
cartoonists and cover artists, 
Charles Addams. Steinberg, 
Darrow and others: on Wallace 
Stevens and Edmund Wilson 
(though 1 should say that hav¬ 
ing reviewed Wilson's The 
Tirentics and Bernstein's 
Thurher. and now this. 1 have 
been in and out of the Algon¬ 
quin bar sn many times I’m 
beginning to feel a bir unsteady 
on my pins). 

This is as much his own story 
as The Map Yorker's. Mr Gill 
lias had wljjt seems a charmed 
life—every thing’s “ Absolutely 
marvellous! ” as he says to j 
very gloomy novelist at a parry. 
His sunny mood is infectious, 
lighting the paragraphs he 
desires to have “ a weight and 
shape no greater than that of a 
cloud of blue butterflies One 
can't help wishing him well, and 
he has certainly come a long 
way since Mr Whitaker scrib¬ 
bled next to one of his Gibbon- 
esque sentences. “ If you tapped 
this sentence at one end. it 
would never stop rocking 

Paul Theroux 

daughter Eustochium. shared 
1ii< travels and were co-founders 
v.irh him of the monastic com¬ 
munity at Bethlehem. 

None of rhe famous figures 
of Christian antiquity knnwn TO 
us had such a complex, curi¬ 
ously ambivalent personality. 
.... The deeper springs of his 
psychology elude us. and for 
all his readiness to talk about 
himself, there is an unsolved 
cnicRu about the real Jerome.” 
This is Dr Kelly’s verdict at the 
conclusion of a biography which 
nmsi have been no less absorb¬ 
ing to write as it is tn read. 
It is left tn the reader to decide 
whether, us with Paul, in the 
judgment of Festus, his much 
learning made him mad. or. as 
with many in history both 
learned nod unlearned, there 
was a physical ailment to 
account for Jerome's strange 
behaviour. Tout comprendrc est 
tout pordonner ? 

Joseph McCulloch 

California Time 
By FredericRaphael 

l Cape , £3.50) 

To the Opera Ball 
By Sarah Gainham 

( Macmillan , £3.95): 

The Pursuit of 


By Mervyn Jones . 

(Quartet, £3.95) 

California Time is 'the 'screen¬ 
play for a story about Holly¬ 
wood the olden-golden, down¬ 
town Byzantium in the West. In 
those run-down old studios tlje 
stars and executives play, theu- 
jaws_ dripping with blood from 
the jungle-jugulars of competi¬ 
tors._ The form of the novel is 
filmic. There are uo chapters, 
but changes of type to indicate 
cuts to new shots, flashbacks, 
close-ups, and flashes forward. 
It is the scenario for a director, 
with shooting directions and 
critical commentary asking such 
parenthetical textual questions 
as “ Are we intended to see a 
resemblance to a corpse? " 

Victor England (are we in¬ 
tended to see a symbol in rhe 
names ?), the great film direc¬ 
tor. comes back to Hollywood 
m complete the arrangements 
for his next triumphant produc¬ 
tion. He has a cast-iron con¬ 
tract, and everything seems to 
be coming up roses. But then 
hints of menace no bigger than 
a man's hand-grenade insinuate 
themselves into the soundtrack 
and the periphery' of panning 

Why is Victor kept cooling 
his heels in a grand hotel, 
uwned by one Vcrdugo (a name 
thdr, MB, means executioner in 
Spanish)? What are these 
repealed brief references to his 
film of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, 
which sounds as if it excelled' 
the great 3932 version by 

never to have loved anyone 
else. Dora, a Wellsian heroine, 
brave, clever, passionate and 
confused, was unwise enough 
to assume he was as serious 
about free love aod freedom in 
marriage as she. Alas, she was 
to discover that what was sauce 
for the gander was by no means 
sauce for the goose. She for¬ 
gave him for bedding the hired 
help; he could not pardon her 
having two children by an 
American journalist. The 
marriage (which she had never 
wanted) over, she found he did 
not easily forgive. 

She writes that Russell was 
too intellectual to absorb the 
discoveries of Freud, which she 
herself comically traduces. Fear 
may have had more to do with 
it; psychologically, Russell 
skated on thin ice. His child¬ 
hood was almost a text in de¬ 
privation ; before he was four 
years old. his mother had died 
from diphtheria, his father of 
grief. He was broughc up in 
Stygian Isolation by his grand¬ 
mother, the widow of Lord -John 

A particular poignancy is 
given to the biography by tbe 
fact that Colene O’Niel, other¬ 
wise Lady Con stance MaJJeson, 
one of his two supreme mis¬ 
tresses, should die three 

Rouben Mamoulian? Is Victor 
victor or victim? What gives? 

The language is brilliant and 
elusive, an unruly panorama 
that flickers by quip-as- 
lighming with - flesh-in-th e-pan 
establishing shots. Frederic 
Raphael is a glutton and an 
artist for paranomasia and all 
rhe other linguistic fireworks. 
Before tbe first reel is run 
Victor is up to his ears in 
chic-to-cfaic butchered blondes, 
negated contracts, and cryptic 
skulduggery. ' No chauffeur 
makes a guest appearance 
unless- he is wearing a piqued 
cap; no veterinarian unless he 
can prove he is a veteran 
Aryans The effect is mysterious, 
moving, and dazzling, like_ an 
art film by Cocteau or Buffo el 
with script by Joyce. You can¬ 
not take your eyes off the 
screen. But you need to see the 
show through several. times to 
appreciate all the allusive 
illusions and sutile subtleties. 

Sarah Gainham s new book is 
a love .story sec in modern 
Austria with its roots going 
back to that dark age of the 
human spirit. Central Europe 
towards the end of the last 

A poor young man of'mysteri¬ 
ous origins falls fathomlessly 
in love with a beautiful young 
heiress. Her domineering father 
with the Midas touch focuses 
his narrow; capacity for love 
upon tbe girl. Tbe catastrophe 
(in its original sense) of the 
story travels backwards in time 
to what was called Eastern 
Prussia in 1944. when order was 
disintegrating into chaos. The 
account of the long trek of two 
women away from the advanc¬ 
ing armies, the iron cold, the 
hunger, the rapes, the murder, 
and the human wolves who dis¬ 
graced the names of wolves as 
well of men. is at times unbear¬ 
ably painful to read. Miss 
Gainham writes a prose that is 
sometimes as overwhelmingly 
rich as Viennese hot chocolate 
with cream. She knows Eastern 
Europe as a familiar friend, 
and is perceptive about the 
eternal struggle between order 
and chaos in human affairs. 
Thank heavens, after the pro¬ 
tracted agony, she manages a 

weeks ago. The other, as 
Mr Clark makes clear to 
us with much remarkable 
documentation, was Lady 
Ottoline MorelL, to whom 
RusseU sometimes wrote three 
times a day (bow marvellously 
those Edwardians wrote!) and 
who retained his love for 27 
years. Her own, by contrast with 
the impassioned Colette’s, was 
limited. He fascinated her, but 
he did nor much attract her 
physically. There are moments, 
reading the letters of Colette, 
so full of love and generosity, 
wheo one laments the fact they 
never married; yec knowing 
how most of Russell's marriages 
ended, perhaps it is as well they 
did not. that her red roses 
should arrive on his birthday 
to tbe very end. 

Wittgenstein stalks through 
the pages, as uncoroprisingly 
reproachful as D. H. Lawrence. 
The burthen of their reproof, 
though one speaks of philo¬ 
sophy and the other of “ life ’ 
is that Russell would never go 
quite far enough, was never 
prepared to burn his boats, 
commit himself beyond redemp¬ 
tion. If they were right, per¬ 
haps it had something to do 
with the eighteenth century 
Whig aristocrat in him, the 
horror of excess. 

recognition scene and a quiet 
happy ending as well. 

The concept of happiness as 
something that needs to be pur¬ 
sued energetically is very 
American and clearly mistaken. 
Mervyn Jones’s new novel, 
which could be subtitled “Mar¬ 
riage or a Career for the 
Liberated Woman". is,, a 
woman’s-eye . view ot matri¬ 
mony ; that is to say, a worm's- 
eye view. It is written in the 
first person, as if by a talented 
career girl imprisoned in mar¬ 
riage by an appallingly trendy 
old pseud of a husband. Put 
like that, the plot sounds dis¬ 
tinctly slushy, old-fashioned 
women’s mag; and it is. It has 
also been negligently proof¬ 
read. But Mervyn Jones has 
the sharp perceptions of a true 
novelist about how real people 
think and talk today. 

Yet how often and how pea* 
tratingly he was right; m 
least wnen he went to Satin 
Russia in 1921, saw and a n 
through Lenin, and predicted 
exactly the cruel, repressive 
course of Communism. Dor*, 
travelling about on her own, 
losing the wood for the trees, 
wear home with a curiously 
muddled, ambivalent stance 
towards it which seems never 
to have left her. and which she 
still blames for some of the dis¬ 
sension between them. 

Russell’s magnificent long, 
evity is not the least impressive 
aspect of bis life, even if Aft 
last protesting yeafs were 
shadowed by the intransigence 
of Ralph Schoenman. . bis 
egregious American secretary. 
His Private Memorandum on 
Schoenman, which Mr Clark 
publishes entire, shows he was 
less deceived than some 

The final impression left bv 
Mr Clark’s exhaustive, well 
organized biography, Mrs Rus¬ 
sell's poignant memoir, is ooe 
of nobility. Perhaps the final 
paradox was that Russell's very 
aristocracy should caparison 
him as the champion of .the: 

Brian Gian viile 

Quick guide 

The Cross of Frankenstein, by 
Robert J. Myers (Hamish Hamil¬ 
ton, £3.50) : Son of Franken¬ 
stein meets the Monster; who 
is alive, and ill, and planning 
to raise an armv of the dead in 
darkest Virginia: rich Gothic 
thriller.^ with intimations of 
Boris Karloff making strange 
grunting noises in the under¬ 

Courage, by John Shannon 
(Hamish Hamilton, £3.50) : Ex¬ 
citing politico-thriller about 
American communist trying to 
make a revolution against 
Hastings Banda in Malawi, and 
being impeded by Jove affair 
with female Boer and the gulf 
between tbe races. 

Stephen Decatur, the Devil and 
the Endymion, by Brian Bur- 
land (Allen Sc Unwin. £3.95) : 
Stormy salt sea yarn about the 
David and Goliath war between 
the fledgling US Navy and the 
Royal Navy in 181S: compelling 
about ancient sails, carronades, 
and blood at sea. but lapsing 
dangerously near to pretentious¬ 
ness and incoherence on the 
subject of queer nautical love 

Philip Howard 

Stiff upper lips 

Leadership in Battle 


By Sir John Smyth VC 

(David and Charles. £S.2S) 

The army should know a thing 
or two about leadership. 
Whether or not it fully under¬ 
stands chat mystic quality upon 
which hangs the fabric of 
military life in wer and peace, 
is more open to question. 

Brigadier Sir John Smyth, a 
distinguished military career of 
of his own behind him, does 
not attempt any penetrating 
analysis of his elusive subject, 
which is arguably best left to 
a psychologist. This book, a 
follow-up to his successful 
Leadership in IVor 1939*45, is 
more u running commentary, 
conducted at the pace of a 
sprint, upon the performance 
of those who For better or 
worse, tore Europe apart in 

Leadership for the generals 
of the First World War was. 

he contends, more difficult 
l ban for those ot the Second, 
if only because it was harder 
for them to keep in touch with 
their troops. This also meant 
that there was more scope for 
leadership among the lower 
ranks,'as evidenced by the 633 
Victoria Crosses awarded in 
1914-18 against 182 between 
1939 and 1945. 

Sir John is no apologist for 
the generals, not for all of them 
auywuy.'Hc criticizes “rigidity 
of planning and too little brain n 
—though It is also true that as 
with so many professional 
soldiers his _ pen is rarely as 
sharp as his sword- Plumer, 
Birdwood, Horne, Byng and 
Rawlinson are among the gen¬ 
erals who emerge with credit 
as “ splendid and inspiring 
leaders" with perhaps Sir 
Henry Rawlinson winning more 
credits than his fellows. 

There are some engaging 
snapshots in prose of life at 
the top in northern France, 
pilled from a variety of sources 
, including the author’s own 
recollections. There is Asquith 
wining and dining so 1 well on a 
visit to the front- that he could 

not get out of his car to inspect 
the long-suffering soldiers who 
had stood on parade several 
bours during the port and 
brandy ... of King George V 
who having sworn total abstin¬ 
ence for the duration nearly 
cracked the entente cordiaie by 
offering Joffre a choice of 
ginger beer or lemonade during 
a lunch at GHQ ... or Haig’s 
sensitivity to visiting the 
wounded because it made him 
physically sick. 

The upper lip is always 
admirably stiff. "One of their 
shells fell on our parapet and 
Fowle, my company commander 
and I were nearly buried ” 
writes Lieutenant-General Sir 
Reginald Savory, then an officer 
with the 14th Sikhs 8t Gallipoli. 
“ We both tried to look non- 
chalant and to pretend that we 
had not been very shaken. Our 
breakfast was ruined. ...” 

But then any book of 382 
pages must be itself something 
of an understatement on a sub¬ 
ject which is worth a library of 
its own. 

Henry Stanhope 

Blackmail, by Mike Hepworth 
(Rout}edge, £3.95 and £1.95l- 
“ Fictional and real-life situ¬ 
ations ”, • -says the blunt 
“ are used to explore tbe 
kinds of social situations 
in which various individuals 
become vulnerable to black-' 
mail”; and this is an accurate 
description of this small, 
minutely printed but legible 
book. Tbe author’s conclusions 
suggest die academic rather 
than the practical approach 
which, paradoxically, produces 
a book which is informative 
rather than instructive, the 
deductions sometimes being 
unclear. However this seeoij to 
make .it the more suitable fur 
rhe general reader as well as. 
the-specialist and it is an inter¬ 
esting read, growing in frscira- 
rion after a slow start. 

The Strange Case of Victor 
Grayson, by Reg Groves (Pluto 
Press, £2). Victor Graysor was 
elected an TAP as a young man 
and an independent Socialist in 
one of those sensational b?- 
eiection victories which launch 
so many bright and hopefal 
careers into the political murk. 
His was at Colne Valley in 1907, 
and he was out In 1910, blit h® 
was still remembered .wadi 
zealous affection by left-wing 
stalwarts in the area after the. 
Second World War. By theo 
nobody had known his where-, 
a bouts for more than 20 years... 
and he never reappeared. $och 
of his story as is known is told 
with partisan sympathy afld 
some socialist romanticizing fr 
Reg Groves who makes tta 
biography of the matinee idw 
and political misfit an oppor¬ 
tunity for heaping the custo¬ 
mary obloquies upon Ramsay 
Mac. Fhilip Snowden and others 
whose greater stamina in poe¬ 
tical affairs only sullied thetc 
reputations more. 

Winter’s Crimes 7 edited bf 
George Hardin&e (Macmillan. 
£2.95 j. There are 11 short 
stories in this year’s annual 
anthology of crime, a mixM 
bag from an assortment of well... 
known crime writers who .ujr 
elude H. R. F. Keating. Teff 
WiUis, Ruth RendeH, Dougi*- 
Orgill and Celia Premiin. Mj?cp 
the most riveting is Ted Wilks-* 
u The Man from the 
Mountains”, a brutal Dale tale 
about the transposition 01 
Cretan mores to South Austra¬ 
lia. The Keating features tn e 
inimitable Ghote encountering 
in a mood of impish 
mockery, a Noted 
Author on a fact finding 
of India and-Ruth RendeU h£- 
a neat twist at the end otfi 
horticultural monologue- 4“%!.. 
is, after all. something 
the bottom of her 
Apart from 

and Keating's India, OngJSjJ.. 
us Rome and James McClure,., 
very assured South Afn“J’ . 
despite tbess exopc 
the book -tends disappmnMjeg - 
to a-domesticity, even at 
an old-irtaidishness, which is BP . 
as it should be. 

■ji*. *• 




. v, if j, - n 


■ • J , . 



A . ' 1 ' ‘ “ 







umi praffx ot only ouuid* London MainraoOUn Aru 

Wbo Killed Julia 



Leonard Buckley 

William Herbert Wallace was 
certainly a cold fish. This liide 
insurance man in Liverpool was 
not a bit like those advertise¬ 
ments you have seen of the 
men from the Pru. But did that 




ry ui.i-i’jtw f, 

jlB '-i-i 

—T 1 

ETTT'tl.TTFI.] - 


er s 

The murder is a classic 
mystery.- Wallace was tried for 
it and convicted but the verdict 
was upset on appeal. For the 
whole affair bristles with 

Mercifully It was all over 
long ago. Wallace died soon 
after fiis wiEe. So we could 
approach the mystery last night 
as an intellectual exercise, pit¬ 
ting our wits against the felon 
and searching for clues. This 
was nnt one of those embarrass¬ 
ing occasions when some tele¬ 
vision personality decides to 
put English justice to rights. 
Fenton BresJer, who introduced 
the case; gave us the facts 
crisply and without bias. He 
has the knack of remaining dis¬ 
passionate while getting us 

He was backed by a brilliant 
reconstruction of the people, i 
the place and the time. David , 
C. Rea's production avoided I 
the hackneyed faces of televi¬ 
sion acting to bring us a cast • 
that made for credibility : and 
the script kept strictly to the 

Frank Middlemans quietly in¬ 
sistent for the prosecution. 
John Boxer pursing his lips for 
the defence, and Norman 
Shelley courteously impartial 
as the judge made the court¬ 
room scenes particularly effec¬ 
tive. The burden Throughout, 
though, lay on Eric Longworth 
as Wallace. Was he simply a 
guileless dozen or just the 
man for the Chamber of Hor¬ 
rors? With bis metal-rimmed 
glasses, , his neat appearance 
and his gulping adam’s apple 
he had to keep us guessing. 
And be did precisely that. Just 
at the .end, when objectivity 
had been duly observed, Mr 
Bresler added .his own ingeni¬ 
ous, if still question-begging 
reasons for believing that the 
reatlife Wallace bad done the 
murder.'. But the Wallace of 
this model programme had ns 
wondering all the way. 


Prize song in-a prize selling 

Excellent Wagner in a golden frame 

AC MEW. GALLERY. 43 Old Bond SL. 
W.l. 01-629 6176. 

incltt dinar BFRNARD DUN STAN 
cztilbiuon. Until 5 December Uon-Fri 
<1.30-5.50: Thurs. nnUl 7. 

ANTHONY EYTON. Recent palnUnas 
New Bond Si.. W.l. 01-63*) 5108. 


148 New Band Straei. 01- 629 5116. 

Die Meistersinger von 


Vienna Staatsoper 

John Higgins 

The production team of Oitn 
Scheult and Jurgen Rose 
reserve much of their best work 
for Vienna; rheir ' Meister - 
singer . which has just opened 
at the Staatsoper, is no excep¬ 
tion. It is a staging of magnifi¬ 
cence, but also of consider¬ 
able reverence in its: refusal 
to pull any stick'- dramatic 
tricks. Detail is used upon 
detail , to create a bourgeois 
Nuremberg in the middle' of 
the sixteenth century in dress, 
in gesture and most of all in' 
the raw materials of living and 
working. '• 

Rose's sets are dominated by 
wood. It is there.iri the balcony 
which runs ronnd . the stone 
interim* of St Catherine's, 
churchy the vantage point of-the- 
apprentices who look down on 
the judgment of their elders, 
approving ihe new in tbe shape 
of Waltber von Srolzing but 
also anxious to grow ‘ up- and" 
join tbe Nuremberg -Rotary 
Club. Ir dominates the middle 
act, where the timbered houses 
Jean forward - towards one 
another like gossiping neigh¬ 
bours. Sachs’s hpuse is virtually 
a carpenter’s workshop with.its 
tiers of sbelves piled high with 
boots, dogs and shoes. 

The triumph is reserved for 
tbp. .‘final scene,, with, the sjage 
turned* into a giant marquee 

with Freshly erected stands on 
either side, a beer barrel (yet 
more wood) lurking in the back¬ 
ground for the time when the 
songs have been sung and lira 
has been claimed, while the 
brilliant green of the 
itself rolls away inm infinity. 
Schenk and R6<e conquer iiv 
holding Lhe mirror up in nature 
—the sun coming and going 
through the windows of the 
Katbarinenkirche. night closing 
round the ancient lime tree by 
Pogner's house—and catching at 
the same time the reflections of 
the humans wir-hin it. 

. Tbe production is a sharp 
retort to those wbo have been 
calling for simpler and more 
economical staging of opera. 
Perhaps this accounted for boo¬ 
ing which. Fra told, mingled 
with the cheers on the opening 
.night. But by the second per¬ 
formance the audience had 
realized, , quite literally, when it 
was well off and only a very 
few voices were raised in dis¬ 
agreement with tbe conductor, 
Christoph von Dohnanyi. Meis- 
■ tersinger above all operas is the 
one which needs careful detail 
rather than risky conjuring 
tricks and it sits excellently in' 
a golden frame, if there is a 
worthy cast at band. 

Vienna have turned to 
trusted singers. Karl Ridder- 
busch has been building bis 
Sachs over the .past few years 
and has collected a few critics 
on the way. But now he seems 
very dose to getting the right 
creation within his grasp. His 
is. a Sachs of weight, both in 
body, where his glasses perch 
precariously. o/i .a.massive, 
■and in voice. “The tones are so 

rounded and sonorous ihar he 
has io command alien lion : part 
of the bafflement at the end 
of Act 1 cumcs from the fact 
thru hi-, advice bus for nnre 
heen ignored. The FUedcr- 
monolog was a masterly piece 
of singing, lusciously accom¬ 
panied hy Dohnanyi’ who on 
other occa- inn.s was'inclined io 
push his singers run hard. The 
strength of lhe figure created 
throughout the rest of ihar act 
and the first scene nf Act Ml 
was such that Sachs got a spon¬ 
taneous round nf applause from 
the Vienna audience when he 
appeared at. the .song contest. 
“Silenaum”, shouted the 
Lchrhuhcn on stage and the re¬ 
buke was noted. Ridderbusch’s 
sole lack at the moment is a 
touch more humour, the occa¬ 
sional gesture of self-denigra¬ 
tion which Schftffier under¬ 
stood so well. 

Waltber, as with most of tbe 
roles in this Meister singer is 
double cast James King took it 
at the first performance but by 
the second it liad already 
passed to Jess Thomas. Mr 
Thomas is a generous artist, 
perhaps a bit too generous; he 
had given so freely of his voice 
during the first five hours of 

die evening, with little help 
from Dohnanyi in the pit, that 
be was tired by the time the 
Prize Song came. But he is a 
full-blooded and handsome 
Wakher now that he is 
unhampered by the ludicrous 
costume he last wore in the 
part at Covent Garden. Gundula 
Janowitz’s Eva, a stately 
brunette in place of the con¬ 
ventional blonde, is elegantly 
and supremely .secure, very 


8 Dnfco StroeL St- James's. S.W.l, 

■AD THEATRE. 362 7488 
. 4.0. Frt.. Sul. 7.50. *>.30 


I Suridurt Drama Award 


PjBSaae. N.l. 01-226 1787 
1st. IT a.m. (JohA Silica) 
UJncs. Don't miss ihia 
■hlldrcn's entertainment. 

.'. 1ST. .j P.M.: i NOAH i 
V 2ND. 5 PJH.: i NOAH ■ 
-437 3*86. Evenings. 8.0. 
. I. ".0. Sal. 5.0 A- 8.50 

tecc. SmtertJtfve." P call. 
THEATRE. 01-629 5056. 
'*.16. Sat. 5.30 A B.40 
llnsdale LAN DEN In 

Frayn's comedy Is a 
gypgrtenec."—E. Sian. 

495 3031. From Dec. 32. 
1.0, Bar. 10,50, 3.0, 4.0. 

348 7656. Food 348 3855 
5. Mai Tit.. Sal. 4.45 


-Unite Io England's wilt lent 
or Fan eon Is *ttll UUmlt- 
Yrws. " Go and mo (or 
nostalgia or Initiation." 
•' tvrUlen with a lltaraii* 
often matched In revue." 
■EATS I-ROM 75p U> £2.30 
JiET FOR E-l.ttB 
ON. 01-405 ,0012 

rfs. Frt.. Oct. 31. Nov 7 
Sal.. Nav 1 * 8 at 8.0> 

one-man ' laughter ohow. 
S. 580 4970. Temp. Tn'shlg 
1.15. Tubs, to FT). THE 
~HEATRE, by David Edgar. 

Today 2.10 i Reduced 
Mat. ■ Ton't at 7,50 


BOOK (UI. For info. 340 0071. Box 
Office 856 0691. Sep. prons- Wfc. 

а. ro. 8.45. B.-15. ' Feature 3.05. 

б . 20. 9.30. Sats. pros*, ms a-™;- 

2.30. 5>15. 8.45. Sun. proas. £.45. 

5.55. 8.45. EKBLE. Late «h™ Frt. 
A Sar. 11.45. „„ 

PARIS PULLMAN. SUi Ken. 573 5398. 
Saura'3 LA CAZA ■Tie Hmtl* 1X1 ■ 
Pus. 4.00. S~5K 8.10. 

PLAZA 1 & 2. Regent St. B39 6494. 
Box otnci 1 open 11 a.m. to 7 pm. 
innt Suns.i. • • _ . 

7 Glenda Jackson. Michael Came. 

Helmut Berger. THE ROMANTIC 

5.30. 8.30. Sep. port's. Bookable 
evg- only. 

7Qnun. Progs.: Sep. perfs. dally 

2.15. 6.SO. . 

_ All soots bookable. 

PRINCE CHARLES. LelC. Ski. 457 8181 
2nd Groai Year 
Sen. Perl*. Dly. line. So.» 2.45. 

6.15. 9.00. Lie. Show 11.45. Frt. 
*■ Sal. Scats Bible. Llc'd Bar. 

urn, Leicester Sq. 437 1254 

MARLBOROUGH. 6 Albemarle_ St.. 
W.l. Sidney Nolan. Recent Paint¬ 
ings—Males for OedJons. Also nmu 
Graphics. 31 Oct.-28 Now. Daffy: 

10-5.50. Sat.: It)-12.30. . _ 

11 Bury Si., Si James's. S.1V.1. 

A ieleCTIo -1 of Fine Marine Paintings 
*1 our London Gallery mull Slat OcL 
Mon.-Frl. 01-950 2902. 

W.l. 01-734 6961. STONE CARV¬ 
Nov, 5. Mon.-Frt. 9.30-6. 

la Grafton Street. WI. 499 1800 


11 Holcomb- St.' 255 £14-4* 

The Hunting of ibe Snarl: " 
Drawlmi and Cichtnas 
and a retrospect!ye view. 

Poland, browse & delbanco. 
l“ cork St.. W.l. 01-750 7984. 
5.30. until 14lh Nor. 

Until 30 November. Wbdys. 10-6. Son*. 
2-6. Ailm. 50p. (Mondays jOm. And 
L'n'U 51 Oct. Wkdys. 10-6 i closed 

Helen Mirren and Joan Plowright 

Photograph by Zoe Dominic 

Chekhov’s perplexing challenge 

NASHVILLE lAAj. Progs. Dally. Tuesdays*. Suns 2-6. Adm. 50p.Com- 
1.45. 4.50. 7.55. bLned ticket 80p i.Mondays 40 d.< 

;ENE 1, Lelc. Sq. iWardonr Sl.> 439 Sudcnis and pensioners half price. 

V-AYEOY of ted 


iy J. M. Sinue 

7.50. Sat. 2.15 & 7.50: 
& Tues. al 7.oO. 

ts held for sale day of 
mante from IO am. _ 

7 6854. Mon. to Th.: B.O 
Sal. al 6.0 & 8.40. 

457 7573 

>. Mali. Wmf.. Sal. 3.45 

U at theatre * agenlj 
01-457 7375. D Pt; - 17 
lbs. dally a.45 and 7.30 


8,56 3611- Mon.-TtllB*. 
aSr 0.15 * 8.3ti K Bristol 
Musical Story of th« 

•i A Sullivan Partnership. 
n. " d.M. " This detlghi- 
E N. ■ Full ol llle and 
aid Hohspn, Sun i tinea. 

1457 iFoiT 
8. Hi. « Sal. 6, 8.40 
hg most compulsively ct- 
g| show in London. F.T. 
■ccAalon indeed. S. Exo. 

WALES. 01-830 8681 
FrL. Sat. a.5U * 8-30 
wnlng. excel lent singing." 
.•7-34 Hug. Ftcnmn 8.0 
. 'lU SUI. 5.30*8-30 
•lay by SIMON CRAY 

SCENE 1, Lelc. Sq. \ Ward our Sl.> 4u9 

4- 170. Cmvt. Port*. Oty. from 13-53 

5 00 and S.-5&. PRISONER OF 2M° 
AVENUE I Al Progs. 3.10. 7.00. Lte. 
Show Frt. and-Sat. 10.5}, 

SCENE 2. L-,vu;. Sq. i Ward our St.l 
459 44 1 0. Com. Perfs. Dly. 

12.50- Lie. Show Frt. A Sal. 12.09 
Prone. 12.30. 2.45, 5.0S. T.Gfi. 

- 9.4 5. Lte. Show Frt. A SaL. 13-05. 
SCENE 3. Lolc. So. tWardour SI. > 
459 4470. THE TOWERING 

INFERNO l A>. Sen. Perfs Dly 
■2.00. S.20.- 6.40. Late Shnw FJt. 

6 SaL 11.45. Seats Bfcble.—All 
Perht, ■ 

SCENE 4, Lelc. Sq. (Warttour Si.* 
4470. 2nd YEAR. The FUm 
£S«fvbojy-s Tatklno About. .THE 
EXORCIST .Oil. Directed by Willmn* 
FTledWu. Sep. Perfs. Dly. 12.30. 
J.OG. 6.15. 600 Lte. Show KtJ. a 
Sot. lt.oO. Box- OUice Open D 3 ' 1 ?! 
10-8. Sun. ia-8. Seats BV'ble.—All 

WARNER WEST END, Leicester Square. 

_ T«l- 439 0761. 

1 ■ Telly Saralaa. James Mason. Ruben 
Culp. INSIDE OUT i At. coni, 
progs. Wfc. 2.10. 4.15, 6.20, 8-aO. 
Sun. 5-30. 6.40, 7.S3. Late show 
Sat. *11 DO. 

2, Gene Hackman NIGHT MOVES tX'- 
Coni. Progs. IVL. 2.15. 4.15. 6420. 
, 8^30. lam show Sat. 11 . 00 . „ 

3- VENtAL S!N iXi Sep. progs. 2l-oO. 

5- 30. 8.30. Late above Sal. 11-00 


ANTIQUES FAIR. OaUanda Part: _HptcL 
Oaiianfla Drive, wwbridoe. Surrey, 
Today, 11 a.m,-9 p.m. 


5 Old Bond Street. London. W.l. 
01-495 5288 



15th dctPber-Bth Novembw 1 
Wteifdaya: ID-S.^O; Sal*. 10-1« 

Garden* (Arts Connell l. io-6 dally 
I roe. Until Nov 2. Recem work py 

Si.. Fens dull on s£. W.8. 01-937 

5885. BEN LEVENE. until 51 

TOOTH. PETER KINLBY. Receot paint¬ 
ing*. Until 8th Nov.. _ Mon.-Frl. 

Sat. 10-12.30. ‘51 Bruiop 

Stneei. W.J. 

TRYON GALLERY, 41 Dover St.. W.L. 
01-483 5161. ONE MAN'S AFRICA 

H lcturr* bv Robert Bateman, until 
ov. 5. Mon.-Frl. '.i.5tF6. 


Painting*, watercolour* an d drawings 


H'eekrfayJ. 1C-5.30: SalOrdajrs 10-12.50 
Until i30th October . 

117 New Bond Street. W.l. 

60 Etching* by 
Crania Caiman Stark 
Staniwrd Lound Danlell 
Middleton Colhatt Vincent 

UluMtate d Ca r. 55o._ 

58 Albemarle St.. W.l. 4°3 0732 



/the: A 

The Sea GuU 

Charles Lewsen 

With the creation of the Lyric 
Theatre. Company, H. M. Ten- 
nent Ltd, in partnership with 
Eddie Kulukondu,' returns ro 
its role' as a serious and per¬ 
haps innovative management; 
for in providing' a -stage for 
actors of stature who, perma¬ 
nently or temporarily, have-no 
place in the RSC or the 
National, it offers the'possi¬ 
bility of a major' theatrical 
company, and -consequent en¬ 
richment of the repertoire. 

To be sure, neither of the 
first two offerings, by Chekhov 
and .Ben Travers, seems a great 
commercial risk, but they pro¬ 
vide a point of -departure; and 
in his production of The Sea 
Gull, Lindsay Anderson has, 
with-', determination and a 
measure of success, risen to 
one perplexing .challenge of 

In their programme note. Mr 

Anderson .and his feflow 
adaptor. Galina, von Meek, 
quote Chekhov’s, statement on 
tbe play: “I wanted to tell 
people honestly, * Look at your¬ 
selves: Just- see how absurdly 
you live; and how silly you 
are*.” 1 Determined to < take 
seriously Chekhov’s description 
of Ms play as a comedy. Mr 

. Anderson has directed a pro¬ 
duction that is continually 
graced by wit, and moves at 
times'into the realm of farce. 

• -If the farcical -approach 
becomes gross in Joan 
Plowright's manhandling of 
Peter McEnery, as Arkadina 
tells Trigorin that be is' the 
only ' hope of Russia, like 
Sweeny Todd about to deliver 
the coup de disgrace, it is not 
-entirely the fault of Miss 
Plowright. The fault, I think, 
. lies in-Mr Anderson taking too 
literally .words uttered by 
Chekhov in exasperation at 
Stanislavsky's sentimental 

Kror ajjs m. ■ The 'production 
works magnificently where it 
reflects another statement of 
Chekhov, that the theatre ought 
simply to show people behaving 
as in real life; though that 
ingenuous statement should be 
—and, happily, has been— 
taken with a pinch of sodium 

. The play of compassionate wit 
is seen throughout the first act, 
ui the 1 series of duologues in 
which one'- person pours J out 
psun. disturbance or despair^ to 
another, who is too preoccupied 
Feklfy to listen. The non-coio- 
m uni cation is most vividly dis¬ 
played in Mr McEnery’s 
Trigorin, furrowing his brow 
with a limp scudiousness which 
denotes that within him is a 

A more acerbic wit is re¬ 
flected in Dorn’s forcing Kon¬ 
stantin to tell the household of 
Nina's unhappy affair with 
Trigorin. Kevin Stoney plays 
Dorn with an unusual measure 
of actual callousness to balance 
the man’s woolly literary judg¬ 
ment; and when Konstantin 
hesirares, saying “It’s a long 
story”, Mr Stoney conveys both 
tbe personal needling and the 
literary compliment of the 
admirably translated reply to 
the yoang author: “You can 
make it short 

Superb irony Is achieved by 
Helen Mirren, _ who entirely 
eschews pathos in Nina's final 
scene, quoting Konstantin’s 
symbolist play with a smile 
that displays tbe boy's work 
as poor art, but a perfect 
expression of what has been. 
Another exquisite mom ear of 
irony comes from Neil Kennedy 
as Medviedenko, padding after 
the superlative Masba of 
Patricia Healey, saying that 
Sarin (John Moffair) is afraid 
to be alone—unconsciously and 
unseutimentally displaying his 
own desperate loneliness. 

Miss Plowright conveys real 
tenderness, bandaging the 
Konstantin of Frank Grimes (a 
performance full of simple 
moving details). That leads me 
to hope that Arkadina’s struggle 
for Trigorin. at present a very 

funny anthology of fche touring 
actress’s repertoire, will in time 
be augmented with the woman’s 
actual terror. 

Some- of the -notices on this page are reprinted from yesterday's later editions. 

much rhe next first lady of the 
inv.n and ai the >ume time 
rather ton nld for Kurt Moll'* 
almost dashing Posner. Father 
and daughter appeared almost 
equally eligible. Vocally, 
though, ii was a delight to hear 
the quintet led off with such 
ea»c and quality of timbre. 

The rest nf rite cast contained 
one surprise and one discovery. 
Peter van der Blit, familiar to 
Scottish Opera audiences, turns 
Beck mess er into a very serious 
suitor, tall, well-groomed and 
smartly dressed until lie 
hecomes involved in the Act II 
free-for-all. He is no toad, but 
a smooth gentleman out for a 
little . self-advancement, and he 
is allowed to turn his songs a 
good deal better than most 
Beckme5sers. The discovery is 
Heinz Zednik, a marvellously 
litbe and witty David with the 
type of diamond-bright- tenor 
that* is-in very short supply at 
tbe moment. 

Christoph von Dohanyi. 
probably in reaction against tbe 
current vogue for-gentle, reflec¬ 
tive Meistersitiget' directed bv 
elder statesmen looking back 
affectionately die jvnge Lent\ 
was all aggression from rbe 
opening bars of the overture. 
Sometimes, as in the Act 
II finale and the whole of the 
Festwiese scene, it worked; ai 
others there was an obstinate 
refusal to reflect the humanity 
which is at the heart • of 
Schenk's superb production. 

And so to Berlin next spring 
where Fischer-Dieskau sings his 
first Sachs, both on stage and 
on DG’s recording; Jocbum 
conducts. Vienna have set the 
right standard to rival. 


BBC 1 _ 

Stanley Reynolds 

The millions who were seduced 
by the dated, bloodstained tin¬ 
sel and earthy undressed 
charms of Ursula Andress in 
Dr No on independent tele¬ 
vision missed a little gem wirb 
Warren Mitchell in Moss, by 
Bernard Kops, die Play for 
Today on BBC 1 on Tuesday. 

Once the first slow few 
minutes of scene-setting, the 
Jewish East End, were done, 
the marvellous Warren Mitchell 
took hold and be was, as 
always, a spellbinder. He has 
that curious power of presence 
that few actors possess. It is 
probably indefinable; if it 
were it would be only a trick 
and it would not be rare. (That 
curious bull-necked power of 
Mitchell, I am sure, gave Alt 
Garnett, the hypnotic comic, 
sound and fury and not Johnny 
Speight’s typewriter.) 

But, anyway, here was 
Mitchell playing an East End 
sweet shop miser, hated by his 
unlovable sons, but loving his 
grandson, whose . death in a 
traffic accident he blames on 
himself: the boy ran into the 
street after a Football while on 
an outing with the old man. 
Moss has a nervous breakdown 
and commits himself to an 
asylum. Bernard Kops provided 
much dark Jewish humour 

Festival Hall 

Joan Chissell 

In the nineteenth century, and 
even the early twentieth too, 
there would have been nothing 
unusual about going to bear a 
new piano concerto composed 
by a well-known concert pianist. 
In fact, it would have been far 
more strange to encounter a 
performer of note not given to 
spare-time composing. In our 
highly specialist world- 1 of today 
things are different. So Tues¬ 
day’s premiere of die piano 
concerto No 1, written between 
1966 and 1971, by the eminent 
Polish-born pianist, Andre 
Tchaikowsky, was an event. 
Perhaps because, anxious to 
stress the growing ascendancy 
of the composer in himself 
over tbe pianist, Mr Tchaikow¬ 
sky did not play it. The soloist 
with tbe RPO under -Uri Segal 
was Radu-Lupu. 

The work is in three con* 
tinuous, interlinked movements 
lasting for about 27 minutes. 
No one but a virtuoso of the 
first order could tackle the solo 
parr. Yet not a note is there 
for mere display. Piano and 
orchestra are as closely inte¬ 
grated in a disciplined, purpose¬ 
ful argument as in the concertos 
of Brahms. 

Although in his introductory 
note the composer let us into 
formal secrets (a Passacaglia to 

The Cornet Lesson 
Soho Polv 

Ned Chaitiet 

John Link's production of Roy 
Kendall's 77ie Comet Lesson is- 
carefully muted in tone. Bntb 
the acting and ihe impeccably 
run-down set harmonize in a 
naturalistic study which clari¬ 
fies the slight, affecting story nf 
a Salvation Army bandmaster's 
first lesson with a new .iiTicTe"ir; 
and the consistent soft tones nf 
rhe production manage to sug- 

Ke ~void —df^rfeS pa ir =i vhiefc= 

: TuriYouods -M i no a lia— 

humanistic vignette. 

The bandmasters new student 
is a young woman who arrives 
for her lesson our nf brearb but 
none the less eager tn play -a 
wind instrument. Hj* hopes 
ihai she will study his instru¬ 
ment, the tenor horn, give way 
to her insistence on the one 
battered cornet, but as be sets 
about to teach her he discovers 
that she has nor come to the 
Mercy Seat and has not been 

i The details nF rheir lives 
emerge haltingly, for. even 
armed with Mr Kendall’s fine- 
honed dialogue, rhe characters 
are oone too articulate. The- 
bandmaster is a widower whose 
commitment tn the Army has 
sometimes, since his wife's 
death, been only to the hand, 
His student, cannot believe in 
God, but she has fallen in love 
with the Army, its uniforms and 
sense ol purpose. She wants to 
join rhe band and be brave 
enough to say “this is what i 
stand for. even if it isn't 

A slightly apocalyptic mood 
suggests ihar the Army has 
failed, that society is breaking 
up. and that the' rules which 
keep nut a sincere non-believer 
are perhaps wrong. However, 
the bandmaster does bend tbe 
rules to allow rhe young woman 
into the band without the re¬ 
quired pledge nf faith in Jesus, 
though only because it is sug¬ 
gested that she is ill. and will 
soon die. The bandmaster’s act 
of kindness would be more. ’ 
meaningful without tbe melo¬ 
dramatic motivation of death 
(which perhaps reflects the 
play’s television origins), but 
Mr Lfok has subdued the meloj; 
drama and heightened the 
subtle inter-play of two well- 
drawn characters. 

Perhaps Diana QuickC, 
characterization depends too 
much on a shortness of breath,.-- 
though it is otherwise a finely-’ 
observed portrait, but Gerald 
Jam ex’s halting, almost stutter¬ 
ing bandmaster is a. fully real¬ 
ized and memorable character. 

Several readers have quits 
rightly pointed out that my re- " 
view of The Rmnmdker watr-- 
wrong to suggest thar the ~ 
recent production at the Green¬ 
wood Theatre was a London 
premiere. Io fact it opened in 
I9S7 and ran for several months 
with a rather notable cast in¬ 
cluding Geraldine Page as Lizzy 
and Sam Wanatnaker as Bill . 

here; afraid, no doubt, of the . 
basic sentimentality of his plot. 

“Geriatric ward is definitely 
out of the question", one son 
says. “The way they pamper 
them in there he’s liable to go _ 
oo to 100.'* Then he adds: 
“Actually, I think we ought to 
get him certified. All the best 
people have nervous break- ’ 
downs. It's all the rage." 

There was more black 
humour inside the hospital. - 
including that rather old one 
about electric shock treatment: 

“ I don’t want no electrics. I’ve ’* 
had enough shocks in my life, 
already.’’ And a new one: , 
“ Electrics l I didn’t think the, • 
national health could afford it, 
the price of electricity today.”,'. 
Moss turns to painting as occu-.- 
pationai therapy. And what do ^ 
you know', he’s a Grandma ", 
Moses, already I 

Now, as you can see, this is.a 
hard, theatrical role to -hoe:. 
But Mitchell managed it. along-- 
with the director Philip Saville** 
the supporting cast, and Tom\ 
Taylor, the artist, who did th£' 
paintings of the East End old>* 
days which Moss does,-and-. 
which rurn him into a primitivfr 
darling of the art world. Im-*’ 
probable, certainly, but the;, 
terror of his sanity- and of an/ 1 
unloved old age and a much*; 
loved past came across, ending- 
with a tear-jerking but beauri-.' 
fully done scene with Moss-* 
standing before his wife's grave,\ 
saying: “I*H tell you, if this-? 
world is sane, thank God Fm',1 
crackers.^ Well, PI1 be seeing.-' 
you, dariing.” 

begin with, followed bv X 
scherzo-like Capricrio and «£-? 
Finale Gontbuu-ng fugue and* 
sonara), there was little about- 
underlying “ programme ”. Ye*;' 
the work is dramatic and' 1 
intense enough, in an often'.' 
strangely ominous, disquieting ‘ 
way, to suggest very strong l 
extra-musical motivation. There > 
are moments of melancholy * 
just as deep and tortured as“ 
in Berks' opus' ■ L • Not foF 
nothing is the glinting central 
Capriccio headed vivace eon “ 
malizia: it is a danse macabre 
ending in catastrophic clim^.. 
Even the Finale, at first sug¬ 
gesting e mo ti o n a l order won by, 
mental discipline, eventually 
explodes in vehemence before 
the sad, retrospective cadenza, 
(picking up threads from the ' 
opening Passacagha) and the 
hammered homecoming. 

If nearer in spirit to com¬ 
posers of the Berg-Bartok era 
than the avant-garde, Tchai¬ 
kowsky ffttH speaks urgently ” 
enough in finis work to make, 
his idiom sound personal- Much 
of it is also strikingly conceived 
as sound, with telling contrasts^ 
of splintered gtass and glassy 
cajm in the keyboard part. The 
Capriccio is a spine-chiUing 
tour de force for tfie orchestra 
too. a In view of fantastic diffi¬ 
culties, the performance held 
together remarkably weH, with 
Radu Lupu surpassing himself' 
in virtuosity and commitment. 
Mozarr’s early Concert Rondo, 
K382, got the programme off to - 
a Wand, untroubled start. 




Rugby Union 

Scotland desperately strive 
for one more goal 

Wallabies make good start to tour 

By Peter West 

Rugby Correspondent 
Oxford Unix 3 Australians 36 
The son beamed down and 

By John Dovmie certain goal for Lorimer after 28 softly to the other end and was The son beamedI down 

FroinGe£f c s »“cE^r.^v3£ &&iss ss?.i&ee is ttJ&s ***'- 

From Geoffrey Green Denmark before a crowd of thick and fast but sliH the Danish this time MacDougall shor home, jnore successfully 

Football Correspondent -15,000 at Hampden Park last night eoa i remained intact. ScgtUnd at immediately afterwards the Danes tbeir predecessors with victory, in 

Bratislava, Oct 29 but feckless finishing throughout fhla stage were showing signs of brought on Frank Nielsen m place a clean and ./rones tcontest. . 

C»**oKift«tia n fn ., anH n a first hal1 in w Wc h the Danish frustration and conceding too of Tune. Scotland's concentration three goals, three tries ana two 

Czechoslovak,a o Cngfand 0 goal was almost constantly under. JSSv itots. on attack left them vulnerable to penalty Soak » * P e0a1 ^ *°*- 

i a nanctonea alter s mm) pressure prevented them from .* hri11i _ nt thrnnsh oass by the occasional'swift breakout and it was understandable, so soon 

After eight minute* of opaque achieving the three goal margin b h d « Vtforf's neat flick a long, diagonal.pass "by Nygaard after arriral. that the Wallabies 

piey—or nonsense so far as we they sought to reduce their task in a " lmn „ th f nrce d John after 70 minutes let Bastrup run should fade somewhat in the 

spectators **« concerned - this what may be the decisive match e IrmHv over on for a shot that grazed the far second half, ivhen the Umvorsity’s 

European championship match of their section against Romania ?.****■ crossbar from near ground P° s *- And Koldlng, nine minutes forwards won a remarkable amouni 

between tr.eehoslovnkia and at Hampden in December. iJ?J? ,V A«H 0 rti? Danish aoalkeeuer later ' w® 5 similarly dangerous with 0 f loose ball and on the run of 

SKVirdS' icw. •& .«<• S -.-5 »• *»«. ■** ssiW. jSStrau * as. ts _■ -°r *ssjnr& 

ot their section against Romania crossbar from near ground post. And Koldlng, nine minutes forwards won a remarkable amount 

„„ . at Hampden in December. fis oivn creator from^ea^ later, was similarly dangerous with of loose toll and on the nin of 

calfad off in'thick* fag ^Ir^is ’the The 50014 wcnt r ° r 8° a,s vvilh brought off a brilliant, leaping 3 1 °°* ^? OL play deserved more team 

intention to oluv it t mo-row such determination tiler they savein 40 minutes, when Dalglish With five minutes to go, Parlane As it happens, the touring team - 

afternoon Mrk off ’ O om forced three corners in the first bac k heeled on a fine left-foot was substituted for MacDougaU. scored half their tries in this 

afternoon, kick off -.0 pm. five From the ^ ini ^ bv Houston- He promptly hear Heino Haiuen period—all of them from Oxford 

r * T. •* lr cn „„ five minutes. From the third Lars pass bv Houston- He promptly bear Heino Hanaen period—all of them from oxiora 

1"$™ br l ef pe . , E ^ ,an ° Pi 11 Larsen cleared off the goalllne and r mmcd i*relv afterwards bow- ** iCe in small space and delivered errors—and a lack or organization 
Si dk,'n,^/hv ?^i nlJZi ? minute later Dalglilh hart the evi £ Hanson bubbled off ■ Si?re pom from ttfUch Lorimer behind the OxfordI •■to ™£■ 

„5\h ’lEE"*!. ,m ha » in the net but was. ruled off- 
the other side of the Held whom side. And so it went on. 

none r«f us could see. It was a 

*2!b3rSS*S^^ 2ntTrst^^ofa^hen^ V '^'Sl, the Australian 

C! rk eci a r're swu n c ti-e Si n w proved excellent ball winners and over the bar. On the basis of ° "?"» manager, was entitied to fee 

the sorting S Tnd ti.ere distributors and the new. left back, chances created the half-time . L ‘T. C Gr* a H .r2£! satisfied. “A good, way to stari 

apoar’ntlv_with few rrf ■,« Houston, also shone in attack, score of t —O for Denmark was ms*, j. jarhson iRsnncrsi. 8. h.och a very hard tour was now nc 

■cwallv win- it* cnncluslon^ both in overlap running and in absurd. C»un^ P. um ilgwa summed ft up. “ Jet lag apart, the 

rtCLuanj M:en. . ns !««« nan^iruriv-P r»«i« Into Onn«d«. K. DaloMsh .■ C»n»c.. E. Mac- haw ha j nil match olaY for 

f- ,h» 'fi«iH ror nrtpntion to a knee BeDD0 Larsen with a rising where the distribution was too 

after a hi-’h tackle bv Lorimer shot, but the match ended vrftb often inaccurate or untimely, was 

Uf li his brief SSSSn ifeSSSi 

rn ^r C .rfii ,, ?n , ’-K._ this 'seemed tn up-set Scotland's net after Lorimer had twice AiknVaar-.. ~ in gold jer-seys at the corner. 

it will an start again tomorrow concentration. The Dane-* resumed checked and pointed to an Rcicre*- r. nvhus iNor»»in. p or tjj C University’s spirit 

we hope witnout the fog their attack and in 21 minutes opponent within ten yards. -- h was their opponents who field 

Flood around like a wall learin^ Enstrup headed into goal From Next Lorimer was inches outslrte a dear Initiative throughout the 

us in a »oria or illusion, unu short range. Three minutes Jater. tbr far post with a header after Tnflav S fixtures first half. The clean two-handed 

IT i° re o^ ,ie «^iI l J re °?» a - C j nt as rlie Danes broke out after a Croie. Dalglish and Cemmill tod * catching of Hillhousc won a great 

o. expectation. Meanwhile we ;4m j save bv Bcnno Larsen from f ct up the chance. Greig further European championship- r.roup deal of hail at the lincmii. and 

»vSfr»H° ’rtUrtfl 1 d , t ?£w*l lia frJ a ti •,? HartTOrd. Nygaard was mercilessly rnse in the crowd's esteem when ?Bmt£E?C£' fo. 9 with Graham applying pressure nn 

e.*pirea. Hut we our.*eives arc nn cut d ov»n hy Riocb. he blocked a slim on his own line utxut^JNi ative match: Amai^ur Horne, the forwards scrummaged 

vet expired. C ic W work bv Dalglish and after a breakaway led hy A ¥K5S«rt ^KeWtSmSS. soundly, gradually tightening ibe 

rzECuo.slov»Ki i. I i McGfain seemed to have set up a Bastrup. Rinch. however, broke as ach.ii 2.15.. screw and on occasions thrustinj! 

L V Sn d ™ B .' °j. Ju pqTm.!' t ... .— ----back Oxford with an eight-man 

sicov«k>\ -M. Mai^nv. f» ■ijifi*. 7 .. shove. The speed of Price ta file 

Givens show puts Irish on top temporarily Bgfifzz “ 

Trends lOa-cn - ' Part Rj p7 rr >' . - -* •—*- n; —- 1 ”- “ 

r.pntn.. K Kcpqjn lU'trwmli. n.ihlin flcr 7*3 

Chjrnon . SouihJinrMun .. m xutHonuM UUDlin, uct _■? 

‘S""” 1 '- Republic of Ireland 4 Turkey 0 

Ror^ror: P Mich«-mti. iiniyi. rj.. n ri.-ens. the Queen's Pari: 

this seemed to upset Scotland’s net after Lorimer 

twice Alkinaar • 

u »ui an start again tomorrow CMiKentrjd*»n. The Dunes resumed checked and pointed to an Rcicre<*- R. Nvnu* ■ Norway*. 

we nope Mtnout the fog •'ft'*-" t i ie j r attack and in 21 minutes opponent within ten yards. -- 

Flood around like a wall learin^ Enstrup headed into goal from Next Lorimer was inches outside 

us m a uorjd ot illusion. Qnuc s j, ort range. Three minutes Jater. tbr far post with a header after TodaV S fixtlirCS 
°?. a hon i as rlie Danes broke out after a Creie. Dalglish and Cemmill tod * 

cut down hv Rioch. he h! 

Clever work hv Dalglish and after 


US 1*1* 

Mir >J 

McGrain seemed to have set up a Bastrup. Rioch, however, broke as A>.-n>n.«. 

Givens show puts Irish on top temporarily 

»*u«.sivNV.vriVE match: Awati'ur I Horne the forwards scrummaged 
“!it A K«i timJS. soundly, gradually tightening tbc 

L; -•■r- - v 

'■ I-;— - 



European championship 

Republic of Ireland 4 Turkey 0 
Dun Givens, the Queen's Pari: 
Rangers forward, scored four out¬ 
standing goals tn give the Repub¬ 
lic uf Ireland a convincing win 
over Turkey In group six of the 
European Championship at Daly- 
mount Pari: today. Givens mu red 
three aguinst the Soviet Union a 
year to the day at the same place 
in the Republic uf Ireland's open- 

drove in a flicked headed pass bv 
Treacy in the twenty-sere nth 

screw "and on occasions thrusting 
back Oxford with an eight-man 

SSf S ’S" & Hip well, the Australian captain, makes a break from the rock. 

when be got rticre, was frequently 

in evidence. a str0 ng runner on the wing, but Hipwell. like a Qasb, ran Dat for rbree good second half goals as 

Behind this platform the speed caught from behind by the corner, outflanking all avail- well as landing a long-range pen- 

and Judgment of HipweH’s service he nNn - n ^. MuKid. able defence. It was 15—0 at half ally after Oxford had been appre- 

set off a back division that lay 

miauie. six minutes later he deep *S _ f}?. * From a^l'crunimage be*looped like Quionen had landed a 40-yard 

headed home after Yawn tried to variety of moves. Without lookmg quicksilver outside Batch when penalty goal for a crooked feed- 

punch out a lob hy Dunne and * ?^lai2r^ r »,,w<ifr n a« 0 IcT the wing was stopped by Dugald tlieic only tangible crumb nf com- 

later he placed a perfect header Hind marsh rev ealed himse/f as an McDonald, tbe most creative of ton—when one of several lively 

from Treacy’s cross. Turkey elusive runner ad BdJd. In the Q Xford « s forwart i s m the open. Oxford attacks broke down, after 

managed ro concede onlv one more ceatre, as a swift and dashing one. 
goal despite losing their first Batch, who was usefully brought 
choice goalkeeper whn was in- Into the line from the blind side. 
Jured just before the Interval. was the quicker of two powerful 

The weight of Sbaw and Ryan, a switch by Ellis in midfield, and 
from another scrummage, set up Ryan stormed unopposed to tbe 

handed ar a maul. 

iNcaih OS and K'eblo): D WU'U 
i HabcrriJAhera' AsLc a an4 Wurrmtari 
■U F. Keni i Biundttl'3 ,ind U’prcu^ 
l»n. S ftrn hRojmU an-i Uncaln- 
-P. Asquim icufian and BalHoi. 
*P. N. Qiiinnen iSt Bun t din s ad 
Wadbawi. R. Hood i BromsBTOre ini 
'lan&llold r: E. C. Home • EnuniiM 
Joaua'. »P. S. R«s < CanBQ 

czEckoiivk i0- — Gnjiand -o> — j nft matc |, j n f^e competition. 

-l-S.OliO . . _ . _ 

The match vras marred b>- the time lo find bis best Loane. Oxford hereabouts needed Hipwell 

^mhHSoff of MarnnandTurkevs gQ ^ ln -^ n& piavcd an in- to cover assiduously, and did so. way. 

midfield player Alpaslnn with ^slnolv effective and unobstni- but they squandered at least a Ryan 

afi^r 17 minui«j. 

N Ireland i2« 3 Norway '0> 
Morpan. 8.OIT0 

Mi-tlro »■ 

Haiti 1 1'on 

««•»* *■ 


Nrlhm Ireland 

P W D l F A Pi? 

li J 0 t II A R 

•S X O 2 *■ J 

A r, O ~ 8 * t 

^ I O ^ S tS 2 

dr !r*6. 

Renuilnlnn match YUinSUma V 
Xfirlhfim Ireland. Nnv J9 

ScolUnd >n> 3 Denmark (li 1 
Oslniwh. BasiniD 

Rfcxh JR.*>2t 


Creup .our p v n L r .* pl 
Srvain i ,i '2 n R <J ri 

sf^!"hd ? i i t m .% h 

Romania a 1 X O R » X 

P V o l F A pi? three minutes later . 

1 .5 2 II H “ ri «__-i n PAtirPo 

i 2 2 i M gnal. after a centre hy Mulligan. 

Romania a i x o « “> i was hit home with a left-footed 

TT»» Roman?, v i,vtint volley Tliis was his eighth grol 

Givens scored three of his goals 
in a nine-minute period uf the 
first Half. And two minutes before 
the end lie added the fourth after 
a Coventry City player. Holmes. 

failed to score from the penalty second"hal"f of a game "that lasted 

ipot in the sixty-fifth minute. Givens : scorer Of lour. U)g minutes including stoppages 

Givens, who received a stacucrte because of injurv and crowd scenes 

for his thirtieth appearance for Union, who need only one win w hi C h were finallv halted bv 25 

the Republic of Ireland, scored in two matches agalnsc Switzer- policemen. There was also a 

his first goal in the twenty- land (home) and Turkey <awayj. three minute deiav in having the 

seventh, his second with a header The Republic of Ireland have floodlights switched on. 

in the thirty'-third minute, and completed their programme. republic or Ireland- p. Roch* 

his third with another header The Irish, pressing constamlv. i'unciic»icr'unit»n.’: a Dunn*_■ Boiion 
three minutes later. His fourth created three scoring chances in ^vm^AntS,-'. J. Haimm ra .onSnire 

goal, after a centre hy Mulligan, the opening 20 minutes. Martin cm->. p Muiiiatn • \»>si Bromwich 

was hit home with a left-footed headed wide from a cross by S'*?"* , .L, "/V” 1 « Po ^S5,'JS lh 

nine minutes left. Earlier the CffecHve and unobst ™' 

Snanish referee threatened to 4 ir h ™ V, . H . d) . d 

abandon the match when the ^ for oxford at scrum & half Jn his 25. Oxford were penalized upon the ball and then, after the p^g^aSHC"# /• M ^- w %l fi u *5. ! 

^ d ,. a .L ^i^Ir n-, but tended to run too far. nett at tbe ruck, and McLean kicked Oxford pack tod won a ruck. saw. j. g, ">«• HiMnh. 

W ^ has obvious Hair as a runner but a simple penalty. there was another hiccup in the r. r-r.^r 

brutight two hold ups in tne was .( nc Ji ne «i to hold on too long. Batch now capped several likely momentum and Batch picked up o. w. Hirmonir. ft a smith, n. 
second half of a game that lasted »F SS back ockled bravelv sorties with a kick that had ElUs to run in the last try from inside cog^, '«■ F E J ^*« n « 

hecau?e D oM nj urva nd^rowd ^enes but made mistakes. Will is looked submerged and from the maul his own half. McLean kicked ' F -a J bid» 

which were finally halted by 25 ---—----- “ r “' ' " 

policemen. There was also a _ _ . J 

to cover assiduouslv. and did so, way. iswiiensoacn University ^nd L-.m-or. 

but they squandered at least a Ryan got another Dy when 

half chance in counter attack when Price plundered an Oxford becl n*ut. 8 *iuai ana fit EKmund Hjii- 

llett missed an overlap situation without an Oxford finger laid '“'^JrRALiANs- p e Mri^an- 

P. G. Batch. »• A." Mrh'M o *l.‘ 

three minute delay in having the VX7Qr\i/i 
floodlights switched on. “* <** TT mVMJlft C 

republic or inEuvND • p. Roch^ __. 

^nutTs^are^HU "founh cha^ln Ki^^'^hlSS Dattl€ OR Bv Gordon Allan his awkward conversion beaufi- an aUurtiig dummy, and gave Ua.; 

MfiSS EH^Tcrr^ SS;SS for third win fi tSJ # bc^STo^ rAffisJwrJWS 

Ihe^co^etidon^nd S fai mfaut^ l at or eighwav' an d C Treac v IVwwicksWr. 26 Lekestmblre 17 '™Z? Q r ^^toS'^iy tapi'fer j3!rS! £s .dlftime ^ Betmett wLd"'a penalty for 

•«* <«•’«» w.™ :w.-/«@sss«s.Va J «sa iIS'SKS: SL'SKf SSSSS B 

Bennett’s match-winning conversion 

November ui Scotland v Rim.mU. 
T>‘ »»«■ 17 

Rep Bl ireUnd Tu**«y '*>• O 

i3i •» Uj.'iOO 

ijlvrps ' J - 

croup a»x p u 

r»p ot Ireland •? 1 


liirt-r- • J 

Swiui-rlina ■* I 

in the competition and nis minute later Heigh way and Treacy 

thirteenth for the Republic. guc in each other's way in trying ■vrai Rrnnuvkh Aiwon- 

The win put the Republic or to shoot. In the nineteenth minute <Ou*™ * p«rk R^nsen.. 
Ireland on lop of their section, Treacy headed into Yasin's hands turkey. y*»iu ,->i 

1 f A PIS 

2 11 r i 7 

1 O 1 r, 

■J 4 10 4 

) a »r r. 

IrefaSd o5 wp of*rhefr section. Treaty Uded into Yasi"s han d s turkcv. y«i, ..4*. Rixwn•: f n a 2 d “ 

but they only have a slender from another centre by Hctghway. SSSfin^rmh^Sdir.'Sngin. Neclu. R&tve been on* the urget the a penalty ROa. 

e«rn cf miiiI firinn fro- rhp Hnal T1 ion .'into the* maVi'h.uiinmnfT finVni*n IfftMal __i j «_ a_ _ I " 

SBfSS 1 'i s Sssr. §5c •«: 


Oxford i:nj) 1. Wvronihr Mand^rer* X. 

goit'-iTirt round: Cast Ovrmany 1. Austria 

MacdnsKeld 2. Oalnshornuqh o. 
t nltvd 3. MoMley 0: Scarborough J. 
'lallwli 3. 

Rugby Union 

chance of qualifying for the final Then came the match-winning n«iun«n.' Ki-mai. cmui. 
stages. All depends'on the Soriet rush of goals by Givens. First he n«!>■-»•: r. Marline ■ Spain». 

Three goals not enough for N Ireland 

Leicestershire made Warwick- championship into something of for Biggar to drop a scorching 5 urr ev and Wyatt one for Counties 

shire fight all the way last night a stew. At Old Deer Park yeater- pass from Hughes on Counties before Line scored Counties’ 

for their third county champion- dav tbev did it again, by a goal goal line, before the referee blew Irv , on the half-hour, 

sh/p victory . and, and three penalty goals to a goal. Ms whistle for the last note. Iordan was stopped during a 

Reeve been on the target the a penalty goal and a try- . Climax apart, it was not a par- counties movement going left, but 

result would have been tighter. The circumstances were dram- tocularly good match. There was Lw finished it off and Wyatt 

Reeve, a wing forward from atic. Tbe match was in the. too much scrappy rugby. Counties con * erte<l Bennett kicked his 

Leicester, missed four of his five f our ih minute uf injure time, began impressively enough and led second penalty just tofure ha f 
penalty attempts and two comer- Surrey tefd been pressing bard : 13-6 at half nme. They looked t(mt an ^ his third ci^t minutm 
sions. but fruitlessly for most of the - twice as organized as Surrey. But at - Kp it _ He m j SSe d th/e ax well 

Warwickshire, for the first time second half. The last quarter, in in the second half things were Bur a)1 was f 0rE s ven h I 

in their 54-ycar hisioty, fielded f acl . seemed to consist or nothing different. Counties, who hare oeen Ranged ftwer t h at match-winnin» 
IS players from Coventry—and hut set scrummages, lineouts and divisional champions for the pdst conversion * 

they appeared to be suffering tapped penalties in or around three years, have a few things to Surrey "r huIw < Haricnum*. • r, 
from Saturday's club defeat by Counties’- 25. Surrey were wasting -think about before their next i.iavii ■ Ro?»iyn Pare.. tr. huotm 

Moseley. They led 16—0 at half- one chance after another because match, against Kent at Shelfnrd. B Wel S\^P- rf G . , !gL*H!«^ 

time with a penalty goal by tlieir backs either dropped their Cambridgeshire, on "November 12. w\ n Hrnneti .B«uanii. n. sumwr- 

Rossborough who also converted passes or tried to be complicated Surrey play Sussex at Old Deer . *£:.*,J' l S. n l on 

Gallagher’s try. Cowman dropped and clever Instead of direct. Park on the same day. n, p Himon Vrmiot Mteli 

a goal and scored an unconverted Ar last, however, they got the O’Hanlon. Counties' scrum half, b Poirrx -xvii»»»>. n mmir-ii iRo-j. 

try. try that had eluded them for so went off in the firsr five minutes m, **• p" 

Leicestershire hit back in the long. Smrmer-Smith flicked the with a leg injury and Dunsford. of n«nrr> •Richmond!._ 

second half with tries by Duggan, ball left at the umpteenth tapped Rosslyn Park, took his place, and . A \viati J I i Br''i n - 

Dodge and Wheeler, one of which penalty in Counties' 25; Bennett, took it well. Page. Counties’ i ur j,. \ ’vinter isanctiu'i. o. .i un« 
Reeve converted, but Warwick- hv dclavinu his pass, drew regular scrum half. Injured his ilp»wlc*.. p. J. K. 'Romith 

•ilL'- • 
.rr- -■ 
JCF- -- 
;r<4 is 

3* i- ■ 

Ir.-.-' 1 

© t ~ 9 15 players from Coventry—and hut set scrummages, lineouts and divisional champions for the pdst 

Northern Ireland i Norwav 0 in the fifth minute. Both goals touched on by Jamison. In a they appeared to be suffering tapped penalties in or around three years, hare a few things to 
x, 1 ,_ h „. irAi-inri nurela-«ed ihe had a special significance. Morg- desperate attempt to reach the five from Saturday's club defeat by Counties’ 25. Surrey were wasting Think about before their next 

niMi!« nf Norwav in ’ Belfast an'* his first for Northern required Finney struck an upright Moseley. They led 16—0 at half- one chance after another because match, against Kent at Shelfnrd. 

f ™ rtf Niirirav In Belfast an's was his first for Northern required Finney struck an upright Moseley. They led 16—0 at half- one chance after another because match, against Kent at Shelfnrd. 

hut* two -oak in the first Ireland at Windsor Park, and and almost every member of the time with a penalty goal by tlieir backs either dropped their Cambridgeshire, on Hovemhcr 12. 

fi.* min.i.p* .-T.i.ifi not «-nrp Mcllroy had not scored in 13 side had a shot at goal. Still the Ross borough who also converted passes nr tried to be complicated Surrey play Sussex at Old Deer 

five minutes, could not score Mcllroy had not score 
enough tu Increase the pressure mternauonal appearances 
nn their European championship Morgan finished off a brilliant 

TOUR MATCH- Oxfnrrf L'mwreuv fl. group three leader*. Yugoslavia. 

AuTirellaru Ui. , . 

county championship- K-m 27 . The Irish wanted five goals, and 

« Sp W-'ffi WSJS 

other nvo wxjuld nor come. __ 

fm""*th’iir ll *Fiirrin^aiT rhamnin.ishlo vt.wnan f.nished nff a brilliant Northern Ireland’s defence twice i goal and scored an unconverted Ar last, however, they got the O’Hanlon. Counties' scrum half. f\„ P^torx mwiwh' igo-*: 

'‘"J 1 "t r « iSSre YumKI m „v S ?nid?d bv 2S almost buckled when Norway tre. ire that tod eluded then, for so went off in the first five minutes !^, Part R 

" p th e r ‘\ ’ ' ? a fa nd hulldozine broke QO^kly. but they were able Leicestershire hit back in the long. Smrmer-Smith flicked the with a leg injury and Dunsford. ».f »^rii ‘Richmond■. 

The Irish wanted five goals, and blustering ana ouiiaozng tQ recover j n f, ct ^ goalkeeper, second half with tries by Duggan, ball left at the umpteenth tapped Rosslyn Park, took his place, and A \v\an J I i BM n - 

a win in Belgrade next month, to through the centre, Jennings, had only two difficult Dodge and Wheeler, one of which penalty in Counties' 25; Bennett, took it well. Page. Counties’ 1 u rj- .l vmteri Smctiui.. d .1 Un« 

finiih top of the table, but omld worried tne Norwegian aetence as ^ots lo deal with. Reeve converted, but Warwick- by delaying his pass, drew regular scrum half. Injured his ilpjwlt*.. p. J. K. MtKas iRauivn 

only manage titree. Now rhev need he met a series of right wing outcome was reasonably sblre won wlrb tries from ®arn- Counties’' defence infield; and collar bone in Northampton’s o : tianfan imcftmond. SSSfc. oS™^ 

t.. win bv two clear goals in crosses from Finney. However ri , f . inana<»er 'veil atxl Knee, one of which Hiller, with littie room for match against Oxford University font. Rotsiyn Parki: c. j. Bghward- 

Yugoslavia. mid through the sjscond half S^ c gS,£i. n S* “ Tferew Ross borough improved. . manoeuvre, put Hammond over fast Saturday It ww Dunsford 

They struck twice in the I:r s t he had to be substituted mbi U n an outstanding debutant in the North Midlands 22 in corner That made the who instigated Counties first cry. Mnnin iRnmini. A- 

fire minutes, but had to contend leg hy a JMiwW cicmoran midfield nlaver Notts, Lines. Derty J6 score 13—13. Bennen. who had alter 12 minutes. He come away uRo» yn P«* ; . a l 

initiated by Jamison. 

Ross borough who also converted passes or tried ■ to be complicated 
Gallagher’s try. Cowman dropped and clever instead of direct. 
i goal and scored an unconverted Ar last, however, they got the 

i goal and scored an unconverted 


Park on the same day. 

O’Hanlon. Counties' scrum half. 


P W 0 
Mi-MIrs** 2 - n 

Surrey X U 0 

E«M?m Cnilw 2 l 2 
fi-n’ J " 

H-imruhir? 5 r, 0 

2 0 0 


P \i 

North Mlrtl.ncls •' j 
WarwIcKshir^ J x 

L^t':<”»ivrshirc ■> - 

Molts, rs. Dortn T J Iro ;■ 1 

E >51 Miiliind* •' n 


L I' A Pl« 

s^i =S i 

f 2T 5T. I 
■’ 2 \ S 1 - o 

five minutes, bur had to cuntcna ■yv- Glcntoran midfield plaver, 

with sonic rueby tackling trom the Coleraine player. Cochrane, for his j am ^ on a 2S-vear-old Belfast ship- 
Norwegians. who were deficient in first can. -■ »— — -> -j 

Notts, Lines. Derby 16 

technique and tactical skill*, bur 
lacked norhinq in determinadon. 

Jamison, a 23-year-old Belfast ship- I North Midlands kept tbeir un- 
yard worker, who three tiroes was I beaten record when they defeated 

manoeuvre, put Hammond over fast Saturday. It was Dunsford 
in the corner. That made the who instigated Counties’ first cry. 
score 13—13. Bennett, who had after 12 minutes. He came away 
had more failures than successes quickly on the short side nf a 
wlrh his place kicking, judged maul, split Surrey’s defence with 

■ Bedford'. P. KCIHI-Rwc* iR«SI'Ti 
Pap-. K. Calms /S»»cf»*'._N. O. 
Mnnin iHarjequJrm A. K Rod^r* 

■ Rosslyn ParSc>. A. L. BurknalI *RlrJ;* 
luond■. A. J. Hollins 1 Bedford!. P. 
Harding 'Crowders < 

Hcter-e-. W. E. HhUbm lYorkxhU**. 

Norway's defence had barely only inches away from marking his ( Notts, Lines and Derby by a goal. 

1. r v pis 
n 74 .% 6 

O 7H -IV A 
J r»7 r.7 A 
e 10 r i7 - 
•' XT TO 2 
V -.X 7.S O 
Bn'Iarnd ; V. 

recovered from this shock when first appearance with a goal. 

two penalty goals, a try and two 

After Die initial Northern Ire- the Irish struck again—this time Jamiwn is Jikclv to remain io drop goals to the Counties' one 

land onslaught. Norway -Wended Mcllroy heading Morgan's cross (he side tor the final match, with try an d four Penalty goals, 

with grim resolution and restricted into the net. Every Irishman was Yugoslavia, but it looks as if North led 15-12 at half-time but 

5 I tlieir opponents to a single nr.jl pressed into the attack with the Northern Ireland are out of the!® 1 stage the margin shoald By Peter Marsnn 

Eastern Suburbs pay dearly for errors 

in the sevoml half, despite !*->mg full backs overlapping and the reckoning, 
their goalkeeper. Karlscn, iv :h a midfield pushing forward and the xio«rHKf 

Pflninh '1 BilVoiX: StLuV'-x I’ol- weir gna:sci:pcr. - •» •> nnailcia putting mrveam ana me 

I0pr. fi: cainonc.qr tnlvor»ny U7. hand injury. His replacement, forw.11 d? shooting at every 

f3K*7».W r iwi .facohsen. emerged as a hero opportunity. 

^SCHOOLS results- Aiih.iiir.--x x [he UUh set up a ceaseless bom- Frustration mounted as the goals 

-5?: hardmrnr in an effort to score two w»W ".«* hut Aen m the 

naiui l i. wiuijm Huin»^ c.s o- more goals. s,th minute Hamilton got _lhe 

oream's j q . !"iu»nmwiMm »; i-nfMio „j :r th ^ i rK h hreakthrough when he fired in a 

j 3 cuwwjmond 15: RoxsaM \o. pui- u looked as it me trisn uuuia p; r •_ 

northern iRF.iJ^N D' p. Jonninys | , l * ,e more enterprising side, Hoisour.: p. Rire I Tuck and Goriest each dropped 

at that stage the margin shoaid Bv Peter Marsnn watch the Australians fthree of A missed tackle far tn Warfidd 

have been wider as they were by r . . .. „ whom are former members of for Cambridge’s first try at me 

far the more enterprising side. t-ambrid„c Un .7 t. Suburbs is Eastern Suburbs! play Llanelli posts, and Grant converted. Pre- 

Tuck and Corlesi cacb dropped Cambridge University, like before taking on Pontypridd, then riously. the Australians had led 
long-distance goals and Tuck went Oxford, lined up to meet Aus- Nottingham. Bedford and finally through Pearce’s penalty goal. W 

nn m .-nitwit a npnaJrv and i-Itib- n ~.11 ... ..nnnnanM „ tir.., t, .t^,. *1.,» .-flrnriW Unit rfro nitivpnflr‘ 

onpnrtunirv 1®' ’i oiin Ihui huiu« long-distance goals and Tuck went Oxford, lined up to meet Aus- Nottingham. Bedford and finally through Pearce s penalty goal. In 

11 ■' -ipiHich ruv.m. j j'irKson >»un- on to convert a penalty and dub- traiiju upponents at Grange Road, West of Scotland. It was clear that the second half the university* 

Frustration mounted as the goals ch^r-r unM»d-. b‘ "-miiion •igww. mate Perry’s try. For the three vestcnlay. Following a low-stor- the Australians knew something of fast and elusive backs ran in three 

would not come, but then in the JJgy* le s NiJw^utan \Wi » counties Hare kicked four penalty ing first half when rbe university Cambridge's glowing repulation. splendid tries fay Uidt. 
5,th minute Hamilton got the Jamison •iTicmoran■. t. runny iSuu- goals. had led by six points to three. The university, though, can have O'Callogbatj (from an intercepnt® 

breakLhrough when he fired in a "'norway «.. K.<nsm mub. i. After _ t |? c mtereal tht co unti es some thrilling, enterprising rugby known little about Eastern outside bis 251 and Wood. Breafce? 

*. ' ’ - licolucn'- P'o.ixm. Grondntra. H. “ 

breakthrough when he fired in a d ' r soRw 
b»w >hot after a left wing cross lacotj*” n 
hy defender Nicholl had been H a ,vund 
knocked down hy Morgan and Mnw 

were more orgamred but could (aler brought a glut of 3l“ points Suburbs. 

s^. wti5ssr%sa ;« ‘g* XftJrr ««!*»»»»«« 

nnrr*~: n. ii nnhmxMtn iicrUnoi. °' cr 10r a “T f ri J r “ rive yarn tn Cambridge, who won hy lour 
_ sc™ 1 - . Tuck kicked another pen- Erta , s and - ncBaitx emX ? M a 

Cricket Boxing 

Rowe hits quick Sterling may find 

!2fi Boal. a try and a penalty goal. 

later brought a glut of 31 points Suburbs. converted three and landed a 

of which the greater part belonged At the end of the first 40 penally goal. Tn the meantime tm 
in Cambridge, who won by four minutes Cambridge were better Australians had scored two esra- 
goals and a penalty coal, to a informed, and it was plain to see lent tries by McCormick and 

that by no side tbe victor would Lvdan, the second of which was 

Ser a noMd iltv Eastern Suburbs are the oldest be as likely to he just as exhausted convened from the toucWine 

try arter a tapped pc ait.. district rugby club in Sydney, and » the vanquished. It might all wjmmit WiyfMBii; y-*. b 

Staffordshire 14 East Midlands tfl their three weeks tour here is h®we been different, of course, ..— 

camhrcdcc university - r. e»p 
■ Otawaow HS and ntzxvlilUmi: '*• 
OCjlIauiijn iCUiruirhiurh HS an* 

All dividends are 
subject to rescrutiny 

OCTOBER 25TH. 1975 


^ T’’ rcpuianon aucr 

d 1 in nrst European tJKSfgfi 

match of tour rival in Britain SJ^i 1 aSr! 

Adelaide. Oct 29.—Lawrence Permission is hefng s..i«ghr from r" 

Rowe allowed no hint of his recent the European Boxing Union to - 'n-nc. 

cj'ctrouhlc as he xcored .xl in 33 match the winner of next Tu ex¬ 

cluded II Northampton men. by fralia which, oddly, set sail for -succeed. With one success out of .u^n-VT^'p. Baoi?lno ‘ t 

two tries and two penalty* goals down under without a represents- four the Australians were not iis.jM .PewrUps.*. g. Briinqer nSBBp- 

to a try and two penalty goals at rive from tbe Emerald Isle, With much better off. Aiiw t iS^*Biftnd%B«tUn5r«?V. ■** 

irtnn-on Trent. a party of 23 pfa v ers whose The area In which Eastern 

Staffordshire made the most of average age is 23, Eastern Suburbs Suburbs really excelled was in de- 

u, c „i„uian rtxu's Rriri.h minriifw.-i^hr min tbeir chances, with scrum-half played excellently yesterday in a fence, where their hard, low tack- ... .. 

seven-wicket victory bout at Wcmhlc? between Alan ^rcen ably sutotltunitg for the match which may HkMVtnJr m 

»uth Australian Colts Minter and Kevin Finnc-in international, Wehstcr. to form a be seen lo have been their stiffest countless movement mounted b>- r. vsjebn suburbs h Roxwil; J; 

The onc-dav match j- tlin xi a ihi-d British m?ddl.- useful partnership with Cooper, test. the university. It was rare for 7- rr *}'iUi 

ening fixture of the teighi. Bunnv Sterifn? fnr^thc flusher and George were in forai They have another six games Eastern Suburbs_to miss a tackle ick. ’s ' c/ <|«^' 

s Australian tour. vacant Eurnunan rhamninn-hin f,,r F - nst Midlands, and. along with to come hesnnmng with Old Dun- or make a slip, hut when they did *S2SL2.f*' ,M,B • ■ J - » i,rtK ' r - p - Jem " 

brii CoilMie ana Si rjihurliali. o . 
Allrn tSollhnll and DomiUr«/. D. _ B” 

■ Tin- Loss and PwiimAei. S.-Bixn™-. 

■ Klnv Ekhvum VI. Nurwxaion. and 
Ciathann«‘*i . A. Sluart > St C.mTWff 
X ancouxFr. and Si Caiharlni-*S»-_ 




CHANCE ,W' M . E387.0S 


24 ols .. £5.15 I F° H 5 Aways.E2 .2S 

_ y . M . c In ■ All dividend* e-erpt Treble 

23 pts. LU.U3 i Ch-mea dee'flred io units cl 


(Failing to Sccie) . ta.20 and Com mis si on 

3 4WAY TEAMS :1lf l Ociobor, 

(S?enna 2 of more) .tl.ns 03 6*» 


over ri»e South Australian Colts Minter and Kevin Finnegan international, Webster, to farm a be s 

here today. The one-day match as-umi u third British middle• f“i — PWlth f°°P er - tes *J 

«?' tlfa opening fixture nf the wdchi. Bunny Sterling, fnr the , ® p *T w°2,.r^/ Re 5 rcr ?‘ n |0 CI 

West Indians Australian tour. vacant European championship. far East Midlands, and. along with to c 
The Colts scored 16“ for four „ . . nidham, were the pick of the ston 

declared in juM over three hours ° , up the backs - They 

and after passing that fnr i n ,T sh e ,f ‘ sonccnirate ,'»n -- 

the loss of only three wickets. Europe ha^wn two prospective 

the Went Indians batted un to opponems disappear into thin air. 

finish on JS2 far five. Hc ^ f,r!,t matched with the TV _ II 1__ _ _ - 

Fletcher and George were In form They hare another six games Eastern Suburbs to miss a tackle McCormick 
fnr East Midlands, and. along with to come beginning with Old Dun- or make a slip, hut when they did •£"« '.f 
Oldham, were the pick of the Etonians at Beckenham on Sunday, so Cambridge always made them " 

They then travel to. Wales to pay and with interest. 

ftrlprw: ft. Oulnmion i London i 
* A Blue 


Rowe’s farm must have been j champion. Gratien Tonna. of 

particularly pleasing for the West L rjnce ,' onl - v Tnnni1 w.vacate 

.Indians. The selecdnn of the little S ,,r . r **? ,or . thu • T 

Jamaican was something of a A«ocjauun version >n | 

gamble after the eve trouble " r * he *« r > d championsliip. Max 111 J. 

which forced him to abandon the S''™? 1 '** F . ranL ;- ' vw ■ t ^ n noni1 ' 

tour of India and P.-iki.stnn and noted but he. too. withdrew to Kent 27 

tour of India and Pakistan and 113!ed ,,,l( be. too. withdrew to Kent 27 Hampshire IS Hampshire started the .second Susses 7 Middlesex 44 

kept him out of the West Indian ^ ,:UcM f,,r lhe World Boxing Kent tod little difficulty tn win- half with a 6—15 deficit bur * Middlesex coasted to victory 
World Cup team in June. But Council version nf the title. ning their firsr county champion- hinted at a revival when Fry-art over Sussex in their county cham- 

tod jy he hatted with great The London matchmaker, Mtckv ? hip 5‘ ,mc of the season when they scored from 40 yards two minutes pionsbip rugby match at Brighton 

authority and power and his Duff. *:<id last nieht: ” There is ^ al Hampshire by throe goals and after die resurt. Collins then tod yesterday despite a poor second 

Inmags included five fours and a no other middleweight in Europe pcna ! fy soa s to a e«I and an effort disallowed before Kent half in which they were without 

_ ^ Hira*c* nMhalTv ona r ar Rlarl/lirvuli utAMMswrl Vw.^1. v _ __ — thnlp rniTnln Frioll tukn nn n 

Bushell has a splendid day 
in Kent’s first success 

kept him out of tlie West Indian t,,r . the 

World Cup team in June. But 
today he hatted with great 
authority and power and his 

Council version nf the title. 

!Dt 27 Hampshire 15 

Kent tod little difficult* In win- 

Middlesex cruise safely 
without a captain 


BTTl.EWOODSpoois.uvai. 001 

Middlesex 44 ,n a* *mi Bnxhtnv. l. Coomb* 'Wort!' 
to viemre 


SCOf.’F.S Au^tr-iiun Coll« l>.” 

!er 4 J?c *1 %icl.«an ' l. n. Dari na 
-JH u. iiol^mn 2-1»i. Insli.iiv Sn 

1-4.1. A. PadHiarc t-In- WM In-li.ins 

t.'-" mr i r .. 4 On-mitfuy J7 rta 
bun. I.- Balihan '1. L. f, Hnwa .It. 
I. v. A. Rvhard-. ti~ i tnck 
p.«air“n W»m Indianv wnti hr 

7 wit*—Rruirr 

worth a chance. Sterling remains penalty goals at BtackhwiUi stormed back for Trotter to their captain, Friell, who pulled a Middlesex- o' mwm 

the iiuts landing o.ntcndcr nnd.l >"K*rday. But Hampshire, who register a splendid try following titigh muscle. wvbh. w.' 

a match bervren him and Tuc«. *« aUo .seeking their first vie- a raking four-man move in the Sus«w began enthusiastically but > .L 1 .? lr , L {^ n _*■ 
day's w-mner is vauctioncd we are lnry ‘ .eawly have won an 5fith minute. Sale who came on as once Middlesex got the ball into !j&'A VESnSSn^wciS’i'. 

•••Ifa- vrnion i faiuw^i ■■ j,. 

Tyrrell iLtobi, p. PtiRp «Mcwam®: 

H Pr^rrt- , Cahtrf. O, Atmoj“ 

■ L*wn. captain >. B. RobUB^ 
i Lewes i. M. Han lev <CSIdiMl«^" 
try i Bnghion-. T. N« 5 f«n»n 
borough i . R. PMrsm i Richmond). ■ 

up'IPPtSWS? 5 .hISSSE ' 

prepared tn put it on at the Ruval ‘"'compromising atruggle. They 
AI her I H..II nn January 20.” ^! uld Javc scored three further 

Northamptonshire are to take easiest °f chances, 

three vount: players on to their *»Onm2 Kents spasmodic display will 

staff next season'. Two come from r„ v .mr idiip r.n.hHa or i-.nimu* R ' vc thcm samc , ttti sfactiun and it 
Tcesside, the other from Scotland. Unh:.f ar .'^b^i ao « s^rns cer^in that Hampshire 

lan Richards, an lS-vear-old a/ n .V,"- J? ,‘Vn in w llJ . , iind *1 d a,u * Sussex will contest the South 
medium fast bowler and left- f,V. n &. KS i HS?' , 85t l ! 5 Ea ^ 3 roup wooden .spoon, 
handed batsman, aod Peter Jack- *>• sit in io-30; rrinity Haii tw« Hampshire made a good start 
son. a 19-year-old fast medium ;“^; n ) '^br^'ciafi *' hen u Ft 2 aa xnt orer a Penalty 
bowler, have played in the North b* '-L >-• m t-jt : caius b hi«ai Down- ln the first minute, but Kent’s 
Yorkshire and South Durham Srai*h V ,, o , « ‘in “p^ln, Bushell, whose superb 

League. The third player ts a nr-i ki .,nn .-ri Tnmij- BbyiYsr" kicking gained him 15 points, put 
15-vcar-old bar-man. Craig ^ "-iu. his side level four minutes later 

Mackenzie, from Fife. p..?. x JF?, RO vniyfiisity ldobi Fours: with the first of hJs three penal- 

r • oivisjon: Kcur • UqUloi scntcnM i ■ np. 

—-■ i — — ■■ «■ Llirn*. ijnarrh ihmia, W uc ? - . . _ 

, ^ ^ ■ 5i# F-„ f4 n w '7in.fao.ii A mumte later Roper, also a 

Ice hockev ^*? ln *^2*?'yil“sfiy&S 1 ® cross ^ i f< «; * fi j e 

, 7 ....... Second dim .on: New i?mir followiilE good work by Hartley, 

BusheU adding the goal points. 

?^»Tora?!: n s«^NSSvS.i 


TREBLE CH ANCE—19 Score Draws on List 

24 PTS.£20-50 | 4 DRAWS ........£2 25 

vv in l ij-3Ci. rrinity Halt ben 

23 PTS,.....£2 00 

22* PTS.£0 30 


4 DRAWS.£2 25 

i'I ■-.IWC'.I-J' 

10 HOMES.... £2,385-25 
4 AV/AYS.*£4 50 


ExpwvM* Commiewf 11,h Oet. IS75—31«Y 


“ ’ -■ .--■ -r ■■ ■■ nmiuibi vaib WlV Wtunv fall - -- ’ - - - .-7 ——mm ■ LOPOOn VI E1W 

uncrimpromtsing struggle. They a 3Gth minute substitute for the open they surged ahead. The ; u.n.! 0n sroimh-. D m^xids 

cmild have scored three further Cooke, then rounded oft a fine fi^t score Came after 14 minutes KSSiV roichn^Ss.. ' m““V «jgg 

fries, huf hesitancy led to their run bv Roper and Bushell added bad Middlesex collected 16 points >Harie«uiftS'. C. Hownwi 

captain, Alan Jones, missing the the goal points. in six minutes. Clarion, Wilson A,^ h n a r i." ViftarirqubUI. R• WCffl' 


•.V ? 

in six minutes. Claxton, Wilson SiSSLa —• Vjit p 

and Alexander scored tries and ■ London scoii<sh>, ft" M0| r-*' 

Lambert com-crted two. ■ b^mv" Parni. ^ ■ 

-- .. nrtrrre: J. via III, 11 TO tow* 1 *” 

easiest of chances. Merrick, the Hampshire No 8. and Alexander scored tries and • Lan-jon 

Kent’s spasmodic display will scored a last minute consolation Lambert com-crted two. r 

Rive them same satisfaction and it try for the visitors which Fry art Sussex narrowed the gap with a snM^T* 01 
unw seems certain that Hampshire converted. 30-yard penalty by their full back, - ' 

and Sussex will contest the South kcnt- k. Ruvhnii •Harieauinsi; D. Robinson, but"Middlesex added 12 

?p00,, a SKc?.! 51 cl“co& D n more points in the last Six nuitutes Northul 

Hampahire made a good start Roper iBiickftMim. p. Ubca <bikl- of the half. Both flankers scored. _.. ' 

E, Eiqnoll (Rossirn Parki. D. Driscoll 
<Old DjrUonlUnsi. 

HAMPSHIRE: P. Fmlt (Tottonlansi: 

i —r - *—« ssA-JSsts 1 .: 

1 Midway through the second half brought in Tindall, ot Wot*®^ 

. the Middlesex No 8, Wright, and Smart, of Tynedale, to 

Harkcr iftosjiyn^Porvi" ' -'X‘V 

■:,f .; . 

a \m ' 



Mrf-ttat'-afternoon are 
&oF.thfrin£m' 1 in:fo«ii, twd 
ivsloy,-'sbort>? to more Kce 
las private .-trainer' to • Is an aotracnn flUj 

R#i only 31b better off this time 

Tfirm of Brian Fletcher, 
and Donald McCain is 
u sin ess today at New- 
re the programme is a 
'-stronger than yesterday 
s of runners and class 
• The story of Red Rum' 
liliar to all -followers of 
also to ' housewives up 
the. country who like 
small bet on the Grand. 

He made an unusual 
is career when winning 
ace on the flat In 1967.. 
dog year he moved into 
and from that time his 
ary was born. He won 
i over hurdles, and when 
l fences in the' 1970-71 
star was quickly on the 
The peak came when 
o successive Grand Nat- 
1 for good measure be 
veen diem victory in the 
5rand National. Alto- 
led Rum has won 19 
ses, but be is tor from 
an stage by jumping 
for he will be only 11 

y i. 

"ses have their off days, 
fourth at Ayr earlier 

■ h he ran an “ inexplic¬ 

ably ** poor race—this is the word 
used by his trainer and jockey. 
Four days later he came out 
at Baydock Park, carrying his 
usual burden of 12st 71b, »nrf he 
was looking all over a winner 
when he Slipped up on the flat 
as he approached the third fence 
from home. Most win agree that 
but for this mishap he would 
Have won. It is one of the great racing that a horse who 
has cleared Berber’s Brook three 
years in succession with comfort, 
should come down on the flat. 

' He faces a stiff task this after¬ 
noon with list 71b: In September 
Meridian n beat Urn into third 
place at Carlisle when receiving 
29R>. Today Red Rum meets Ken 
Oliver's, horse on only 31b better, 
terms. Even Swell, a close second 
at Southwell and Kelso ip bis two. 
runs, and a good and safe jum¬ 
per, receives 311b, and Red Rum 
will do well indeed to give so 
much weight away. Should fie win 
he will certainly start favourite 
for the Hennessy GoldjCup next, 
month at Newbury. L . 

King’s Comet, a comfortable 
winner at Sedgefield 'and Spring 
Life, who had a similarly smooth 
win at Hexham, wiU attract most 

support'for the. Shnonburn Novices 
Hurdle, The selection is King’s 
Comet. He. has-had three busy 
seasons on the flat, has been 
placed many times, and he looked 
as if he enjoyed his jumping when 
he came away from his rivals tp 
win his race at Sedgefield. 

Red Marshal, caught close home 
at Carlisle In his Erst outing and 
beaten- less -than a length, is likely 
to add to -Peter Easterby’s fine- 
total of winners under both-rules 
in the Alnwick Castle Hurdle. He 
is an automatic choice, but there 
is nothing easy about finding the 
winner of the Hedgehog Novices' 

Even Melody and Temple Rise 
"have both' won this month, and lx 
is always a sound principle. to 
. follow winning foam in novice 
. events over fences and hurdles 
in this'early stage of the jumping 
season. However, while giving a 
big chance to -these two horses, 
my selection is Irish Favour. For 
Newcastle’s chairman. Lieutenant 
Colonel R. Taylor, he has won a 
fair number of races on the flat 
and over hurdles, was runner-up 
in the CesarfrWiCch, and if he takes 
to fences, Si might turn out a 
useful novice. 

toretto fetches 10,000 guineas 

ttd Racing Services, the had seemed .Windy'Glen for the thwarted on Tuesday In his 

day’s highest price of>“19,000 attempts to boost his 'powerful 
guineas' to race for a leading Kingsbridge National Hunt string, 
Canadian stable. - had bettor lack yesterday, spend- 

bloodstock company, day’s highest price of >-13,000 attempts to boost Ms powerful 

J;' guineas to race for a leading Kingsbridge National Hunt string, 

the top lot for the g anadi a I . staMe . - • had better lack yesterday, spend- 

ay running when giving Tintoretto had . a' fine record ing. a total of 14,600 guineas on 
five figure sum during in 1974, winning twice and reach- four jumping prospects. 

*s TattersalFs autumn log a place. In; the each , of Ms His' costliest purchase was 

■ Park Pnrfrinrkft New- other five starts,. but his only Princely Marie a winning tfaree- 

victory from as many outings tin's year-old . from Peter Nelson’s 

Aeon, ror a patron or seagon came in a women’s nice ar stable. Princely Mark cost Barons , 
norougb trainer, Guy Har- Sandown Park-in, Sep tember. His . 5,400 guineas, and he also secured 
he agency’s representative, nevy handler -thinks it unlikely'' three other youngsters who could 
Delahooke ppid 10,000 that he will put Tintoretto bidding for top juvenile 
for file four-year-old hurdles during the winter. Bar-, -hurdles honours this whiter in 
colt Tintoretto, from wood will probably save the edit Des (3,200 guineas). Kings 
van CuBern's stable. Tor Bat racing next year. Harard (3,100 guineas) and Light 

Stud and Racine Services David Barons, continually Infcntry (2,900 guineas). 

van Cu Bern’s stable. 
Stud and Racing Services. 

By Michael Phillips : 

Racing Correspondent 

The ups and. downs of National 
Hunt xaang have been well illus¬ 
trated. .by Bob Champion's experi¬ 
ences during the last few days. 
At Huntingdon last Saturday he 
rode four- Winners, but at Plump- 
ton on Tuesday he had one of 
those days which constitutes a 
jockey’s nightmare. He rode four 
horses and three of diem fell. But 
at Ascot yesterday '. Champion 
.bounced- baric by winning the first 
division of the Binfleld Novices' 
Bardie on. Lanzarotes’ younger 
half brother, Tudor Flame, his 
only ride during the-afternoon. 

Tudor Flame looks, as thoogfa 
he will , do better jumping than 
he did flat racing even though be 
did manage to win once as a two- 
year-old at Salisbury. Looking at 
him it Is surprising that he ever 
ran so early in bis life. He is a 
Mg horse and he will look impos¬ 
ing once he fills oat and has the 
strength to match his huge frame. 

Inddemally, Lanzarote is un¬ 
likely to run at Sandown Park 
on Saturday in the Marlow Ropes- 
John Shearing hurdle because his 
trainer,- Fred Winter, is of the 
opinion that the ground wiQ be 
too firm unless there is rain in 
the meantime. That, at present, 
seems most unlikely. Fred Rim ell ~ 
win Inspect the course before-he 
derides whether or not to risk 
the champion hurdler. Comedy of 
Errors. The hurdles course at 
Sandown is firmer than Newbury 
was a week ago when Rim ell 
adjudged it to be too firm for 
his champion. So we may well end 
up without either of the stars at 

Winter and Ms jockey, John. 
Francome, duly won the Bagshot 
Handicap Steeplechase with Late 
Night Extra who started favourite. 
Late Night Extra jumped fluently 
and this was his second victory 
this season. He is making up for 
lost time, having missed the 

whole of last season recovering 
from being fired on his off tore- 
leg. Winter has no ambitious 
plans for Late Nigbt Extra whose 
owners, Dr and Mrs Brown, have 
bad such fun in the oast with 
those two old favourites. Into View 
and Sonny Somers. 

Francome was unlucky not to 
win the last race as well on BUI 
Hobbs who made a dreadful hash 
of the last flight of hurdles. Only 
a fine piece of riding by Fran¬ 
come prevented him (allllig and 
Francome’s horsemanship was 
again the feature of the Embassy 
Premier Steeplechase (qualifier) 
although he did not win. 

Riding Knight of Fashion, a 
rangy seven-year-old by the 
French St Leger winner, Sicilian 
Prince, Francome seemed to have 
got the measure of Btil Smith on 
Exhibit B between the last two 
' fences. But at the speed that they 
were going Knight of Fashion 
stood a fraction too fiir back 
when he was asked to take off 
at the last fence and he pecked 
badly on landing. This was 
another superb piece of horse¬ 
manship on Francome’s part to 
even stay on board, but by the 
time that he bad recovered bis 
poise Knight of Fashion had lost 
his impetus and the advantage had 
passed to Exhibit B. If the two 
were to meet again 1 would back 
Knight of Fashion unhesitatingly. 

Exhibit B is owned by the 
American, Frank Manbedm, who 
had that excellent hurdler. Exhibit 
A, in training with Fulke Walwyn 
at Upper T-amfr onme a few years 
ago. Walwyn can choose between . 
Exhibit B and Ghost Writer for ' 
the final race of the series at 
Haydock Park in January, Ghost 
Writer having qualified by winning 
the heat run at Newbury a week 

Riding like a man. inspired. 
Smith also won the Dunkirk Han¬ 
dicap Steeplechase for Walwyn on 
Black Andrew. Yet at one stage 

be thought, as he admitted later, 
that they were bound, to finish 
last of the four runners. That 
thought occurred after Black 
Andrew had made a mistake three 
fences from home. But showing 
great determination he crept back 
into the picture slowly but surely 
and with a lovely uninterrupted 
run up the inside bis strong finish 
was just more than Royal Relief 
could cope with. .. . 

' Nevertheless Royal ReUef ran a 
marvellous race. This .was his first 
appearance of the season and be 
looked a trifle burly. Yet he 
delighted Jeff King who expressed 
his firm intend on to ride Royal 
Relief again to tbe old horse's 
former-'partner, Lord Oaksey,- who 
was standing in the wings. Dan’l 
Widden also ran well to finish 
third, a length and a half behind 
In what was a highly competitive' 

His younger half-brother, Jan 
Stevrer, bed won the Valley 
Gardens Opportunity Handicap 
H or die for their owner, Mrs Ray 
Whiteway, the trainer, Derek 
Kent, and the jockey, Peter 
Haynes, so at least they did not 
leave the course empty-handed. 
Jan Stewer was bought for Mrs 
Whiteway three years ago by her 
former trainer. Simon Murant, 
with tbe proceeds of the Sovereign 
Handicap Hurdle which Dan’l 
Widden had just won at Newbury. 
Sadly Morant was forced to give 
up training, but at least he is not 
lost to raring. He is one of the 
Jockey Club's assistant starters. 

Big race acceptors 

CUP: First acceptors: Branirtdnc 

Farmer 7 . Brawny Scot 6. Broncho u 

6. Brown, Admiral 6. Brown Lad 9. 
CanacHns 6. Davy Lad 5. Easily Abbey 
8. Flashy-Boy 7. FUckHy Prince 9. 
Fhxdtnn Pound 6. Henry Tuffnui B. 
Isle of Wan B. Moneur 7. Mctromrad 
8. Nlco Pal 7. pengrail 7. Poohbear 

7. Roman Bm- 6. San ton Brig 6. TUm 
Morgan 6. Zola's Son 6. Tp be run 
over euro miln at Ascot on November 
15 . 


Miss Turishcheva brings 
the house down 

market programme . 

-DENHALL STAKES (£853: ljm) . - * 

XU Come Spring (D1 IF. DeUstara). W. Holdm. C-B-13^ T lfl 
MO Hamieh (O) to. Prilchart-Gordonr. P.-Gordon,4P»- 1 2^ 7 3 
M> Kings Massinger IL. Maguire). M, HoynSS, G^R^msturw 1 
Ot Rethink" (MW E. Haj^w^A. DalW. 5-8^^T, McKoown. 3 
OI Twin Power fD> iC. Blacfcwoll.i. M-. W. Easterby 

DO Commodity (L. Lazarus >. D. Mortar, 3^8. j ■ ■_ _— ‘ g 

D4 Lend An Bar (1 Walker). Walker. 11 ^8-8 ...1 G. Baxinr 9 
03 Tender Music fH. Zelsoli. B. Hills. 3-8-8 ■■■■». Carain 6 
OO Jots dor (D) 1 J. Morton». W. WLuhtnian. 5-8-3 E. EUUn 4 
20 Litigant iLavlnla Duchess of Norfolk). J. D ujUo|5^54)^2^ 6 

Power. li-4 Tender Music. 9-2 Litigant. 5-1 Rethink. 10-1 Como 

1 Jpiador, 15-1 others. 

ROW STAKES (2-y-o: £579 :.7f j 

43 Frlntgn Lodge (D. Burroughsi. JR. Akehurtt, 8-6 G. Baxter 6 
02 Mendrabamkik rMrs B. Kent). C. Dingwall. 8-6 L- Pltrnoti 3 
.JO Red Hill- iS. Fojci. S. Supple. 8-5 Pi Eddery 8 

>.00 Rio Gaol iMrs S. Reynolds). AL Masson. 8-6 A. Murray 4 

32 Still windy I CL Perfcs< R. HolUnshaad. 8-6-T. Ivn 6 

" 12 -Fan tall 7b. Thom i. Thom. 8-5.. E. Hide J 

DO Harem Jennie tC. . Prltchard-Gnrdon.i. P.-Gordon, 8^5 

B. Taylor 1 

M Prince Lambourn IA. Clegg i. P. Cole. 8-3 .. P. Waldron 7 
rabumlck. 11-4 Film on Lodge. 4-1 Prince Lambourn. 7-1 Heron) 
Windy.. 12-1 others. 

ERHALL HANDICAP (£879 : 2m) 

lO Abide With Me (CD) iY. Yamamoto). M_ Smuts. 4-9-12 

_ L. Plguon 9 

O Taramoss (Captain V. Knight). J. Gifford. 6-9-3 D. Cullen 7 
» Tlrn Ding (D) tD. WUsoni. Mrs L. .Dingwall, 6-9-3 

— D- Ryan p 

K) Boce <□) i Lt-Col Sar R. Verdin i. R. Houghton, 6-a-i5 ■ 

E. Hide it 

»1 - Balllto U. Fisher). P Robinson. 4-8-9 >. —- 3 

13 Mistress Clara (□) (Mrs J. McDougaldi. 1. BaJdJng. 3-8-7 . 

. • J. Matthias 3 1 

» Piccadilly Etta (D) (Miss P. Wolf). B, Luneas, 4-0-4 

P. Kdttov . 6 

to. La Mama CD) (J. Aston Astor. 3-8-1 --- G. Sexton lO 

14 Light Lager <C) iS. Joel) G. P:-Gordons 3-B-O .. F. Dorr 2 
m laa’s Choice iv. Mailhewsi. R. Jarvis. 7-7-13 M. Thomas 3 

13 Mont st Michel iW. Coleman i. A. Dalton. 4-7-13 E. Johnson 4 
_ Lager. 4-1 La Merae. 6-1 Boca. 7-1 Abide with Me. 8-1 Mont 
O-l Tbn Ding. 12-1 Piccadilly Ena. Mistress Clare, 20-1 others. 

IMOJVD NURSERY HANDICAP (2-y-o: £1^55: 7f) 

SO Market Sage (Dame E. Ackroyd). H. ColUogrtd^. B 

Q . Breath log Srerctse UL Han i. H. Aimstrong. 7-8 W." Carson 2 
JO Dream County i Lady Z. Werntier). Dong Smith. 7-8 

f T, McKcovm 7 

14 Stalybridge (D) IK, AslnvorUij. HIM Jones. 7-6 J. Lowe 4 

tO King Ocar ‘ Mrs K. Lconardi. M. Maanon. 7-2 D. McKay 6 
SO Paper Rich (G. Tanner. 1 .A. Goodwill. 7-0 C. Rodrigues 5 3 

>2 Crimson Coon (H. Spearing). R. Sturdy. 7-0 K. Lewis 5 1 

•t Sago. 100-30 Slalybridge. 4-1 Breathing Exercise. 6-1 King Ocar. 
-ouniy 10-1 Paper Rich, 12-1 Crimson Coon. 

ELAM MAIDEN PLATE (2-y-o : £690 : 1m) 

2 AorM Bank <R. TTAfcoO I, A. Brojsfoy." 9-0 .p. Durr 8 
O Alhlb (Dr C. VUtadlnli G P.-Gordon. 9-0 .. D. Maitland 16 
2 BagshM (Mrs J. de Rothschild). B. Hobbs. 9-0 G. Lewis 3 
O Free Conack iCaptain D. Lamas;. M. Masson. 94) 

A, Bond 4 

0 Insolvent (Lady Soflon). Doug Smith. 9-0 .... C. Baxter 14 
O London Cod >D. Robinson i. M. Jarvis, 9-0 .. B. Raymond 6 
■O Lucky Mick mooch i Mrs E. Harrison;, j. winter. 9-0 

B. Taylor 19 

m Orange Gin (M. Bonsorl, T. Corbett. 9-0 .... E. Hide lO 
■O Park row iMrs F. Alien>. R. Jams. 9-0 .... M. Thomas 13 

The verger (C. East! S. Supple. 9-0. q. Starkey 11 

.5 Master iR Meson j. Mason. 9-0 . T.iees 7 

5 S^etargate lEva Lady Rgrabcryi, B_ Hobbe. 9-0. B. Jaflo 15 
•O Zkmp ir. Tlkfcoo>VB. Han bury. -9-0 . .?!7„ ..... ... . — 9 

. ■ O Barllpo (Mrs. C., Keeling; W. Stephenson. 8-11 D. Ryan 20 
, ■¥ ?S2i!!SS. * D - “■ P-'Gonion, s-li .... a. Mrnray l 

* 0 < L v. t ^ tMln * a P 1 -.. p . Walwyn. 8-11 P. Eddory 12 

Cltetando (P. Mellon; I. BaldUu. 3-11 .... J scarcer IB 
O Lowland Cavalier «W. KettdrlckTT^. THoimih»d“ - s-ll^ 

Norgla iR. Khaitt, C. Brittain. ' 8-11 .......... yi *Cai5on 2 

Ventrax 1C. BlaCkweU). C. Brtnala. B-ll.R. fS°S 17 

Park Row. B-l Cheltenham. Zamp. 
l. London God. 12-1 Lticky Mlckmooch, 20-1 others. 

IAM HANDICAP (£844; l*m) 

to Traquah (CD) iLavima Duchess or NorfoBt). J. Dunlop'. 

n 8S2? , <CJ NoWc>. G. PGordon‘s-'B-lis“ elJ 

o Coup Lane CD I i L. Amos;. G. Hnnimv 3-8-11 u>. Cxrson 6 
■O Unbiased [D. CIleFi. Doug Smith, ID-8-^ .... T MftraSn 2 
S fill? a J U ® h * 1R ’- Denys Smith. 5-9-3 A. Barclay 6 

X Amber Sun tD) <R. TIUmi, A. Breasley. 3-8-3 F. Durr 3 
ire. 9-4 Amber Sun. 4-1 Court Lane. 7-1 Prince of Uphi: lO-l 

• Doubtful runner. 

Newcastle programme 

1.30 5IM0NBURN HURDLE (Novices : £374: 2m 120yd) 

1' 1 King* Comet (K. Stringer). J. Caiveru 5-11-10 .. N. Tinier 3 

2,3400-41 Spring Life (P. Greenah), W. A. SlrpUmaon. S-11-10 

Mr P. Gregnali 3 

s _Footman (Lady Carr). Lady Hen-tos. 5-11-5 .... P. Broderick 

6 4-00420 Hello Look (Mrs A. Pagei W. Page, 5-11-5 .... P. Ennla 

10 OOb Nev orthe le at (J. Bazday.i, Baniav 6-n^ Mr. H. Bareiay 3 

11 3040-Sf Park Read (Lady Barber;. B. Wllkhutm. 5-11-5 _J. James 

21 Huland (it- C. Ward;. Ward. 4-H-O.-P. Brogan 

16 • Before the.Mast (5. ALderson;. 4. A. Turner, 4-11-0 T. SUtdc 

17 O BeltMon Wklk I J. Wake;. R. Crass, 4-11-0 .... D. Tomhoil 7 

18 00-00 Btoe Comedian (N. C ham berlain). N. OiamberleTn. 4-11-0 

19 Ch Fast!re Stor (P. Burke). R. C. Ward. 4-ii-o. .... K. Grey 3 

21 Huland iH. C. Wards. R. C. Ward. 4-11-0 .. — 

24 Shout (Ld D. Crichton-Stuarti. K. Oliver. 4-1143 .. C. Tinkler 

_ S-~ Kings Corn el. 100-30 Spring Life. 5-1 Hello Louis. 6-1 Park Road. Shout, 
8-1 Huland. 10-1 Before Die Mast. 12-1 Footman. 16-1 others. 

2.0 SQUIRREL STEEPLECHASE (Handicap : £449 : 21m-} 

} _J Kluge Comm CK. Stringer]. J. CaNert. 5-11-10 N. Tinkler 5 

6 2f3-tn WVn HID (CD) (R. Bakeri. Denys Smith, 8-10-4 P. Broderick 

1 (CDI fC- UmblTC. Lamb. 9-10-3 .. H. Lamb 

a , Oppo-2f Noon to) (S. Harrison). G. Cunard. a-io-a . T. suck 

6-4 Tom Morgan. sparkle Again. 3-1 Hyse am. 6-1 Noon. 

2.30 MOLE HURDLE ( Handicap : £408 : 2m 120yd) 

A 3292fc9 .c^redo fN. Fox). J. Calvert. 7-12-7 . C. Tinkler 

a I2<ai3 Wylam B«r (Mrs 8. Leek). W. A. Stephenson. 6-11-7 T. Slack 

4 02120-0 Cobblers March (Mrs H. Logan i. T. Craig. 8-11-1 J. Mooney 7 
3 -933<J. Mannersi. Denys Smith. 6-10-13 .. A. Dickman 
« 201310- Hollo (C. Ba In bridge). W. Atkinson. 7-10-9 .... P Manna n 

-235S" toakMwtowf. (W. Manners J. W. Manners. 5-10-8 .... ft. Bam 
JO 420000- Marcus Lady (C. Lamb). C. Lamb. 6-10-7 . R. Lamb 

11 &■?“* 8rtage (P. Burkei. R. Q. ward. 4-10-0-K. Gray 3 

13 Tp-OOTO Bishops »wn (C) tJ. Nelson). Nelson. 4-10-0 W. Tinkler 5 
15 /OOO Cam HIat fH. Lane;. Mrs Simpson. 10-10-0 .. - A. Mesney 

2-1 Wylam Boy. 7-2 Calasdo. 9-2 Tanora. 6-1 Drakensberg. 8-1 /Hello. 10-1 
French BrUgs. Harem Lady. 12-1 Cobbler* Mait*. 2 4-1 aGhapa P»wn. BO-1 


1 420-34T Red Rum (CD) IN. Le Mare) D. McCain, 10-12-7 B. Fletcher 

3 .1214-12 Meridian II (D) iH. BallllrI. K. Oliver. 8-10-9_C. Tinkler 

6 2042-22 Even Swell (D) (Ld Cadoran). N. Crump. 8-10-4 . - D. Alklns 

7 211-pfO CoHIngwood (D) (Mrs J. Tombs), M. Noughlon, 9-10-4 

C- Hawkins 7 

8 0413-42 Tartan Tutor (R. Bethel!). BetheU, 8-10-0 .... G. Holmes 
_ 13-8 Red Rum. 5-2 Meridian H, 9-2 Even Swell. 15-2 Tartan Tutor. 14-1 
Colling wood. 

330 HEDGEHOG STEEPLECHASE (Novices : £4082m 120yd> 

1 4142-41 Even Melody rS. Green). N. Crump. 6-12-1 . D. Atkins 

3 3400-21 Tempi* Rita (C. Youngi. K. Ollvur. 6-12-1 .C. Tinkler 

6 p3-fQ23 Duvil's Soldier LB. Boland'. W. A Ut In son. 7-11-10 P. Man Ban 

B 312402- Irish Flavour (R. Taylori. Denys Smith. 8-11-10 .. P. Broderick 
lO 1103- 04 Stay-Sell (Sir H. Fraser]. Mrs Chasmura. 6-11-10 -. 'll. Barry 

12 032242 Never There <L_ Irving i. T. Barnes. 5-11-8 . M. Barnes 

9-4 Temple Rise. 5-2 Even Melody. 7-2 Slay-Bell. 7-1 Irish Flavour. 10-1 

Never There. 14-1 Devils Soldier. 

4.0 ALNWICK CASTLE . HURDLE (3-y-o: £510: 2sn 120yd) 

5 OS Chare IR. Swsm. N. Crump. 11-4 . D. Alktau 

6 Chl un s r a CE. Goodalli. J. A. Turner. 11-4 .... N. Tinkler 3 

B _ Cray Coblht (tads Hen-las I, Lady Harries, 11-4 .. P. Brodoriclc 

10 2 Red Marshall (J. Henderson). M. w. Eaitertra. 11-4 C. Tinkler 

11 f Regent’s Choice iW. A. Stephensoni. W. A. Stephenson. 11-4 . 

T. Stack 

IS wood Fairy CMlss J. Day i. G. FaLrbatm. 11-4 _ R. Barry 

Evans Red Marshall. 11-4 Chare. 7-2 Regent's Choice. 8-1 Wood Fairy. 12-1 

Newcastle selections 

By Oar Racing Staff . _ 

130 King’s Comet. 2.0 TOM MORGAN is specially recommended. 
230 Wylam Boy. 3.0 Red Rum. 3.30 Irish Favour. 4.0 Red Marshall. 

Ludlow selections 

By Our Raring Staff 

1.15 Maple Tree. 1.45 Santon Brig. 2.13 Destiny Hill. 2.45 Royal Marie. 

3.15 Bramblestown. 3.45" Captain Marker. 

Newmarket selections 

By Our Raring Staff ' 

1.15 Twin Power. 1.45 Hendraburnick. 2.IS Light Lager. 2.45, Staly- 
bridge. 3.15 Zamp. 3.45 NACRE is specially recommended. 

By Our Newmarket Correspondent 

1.45 Hendraburnick. 2.15 Light Lager. 2.45 Breathing Exercise. 3.15 
Bagshot. 3.45 Nacre. 

Ludlow programme 

1.15 SALOP HURDLE (Div 1:3-y-o: £306: Zm If) 

1 30ff Dofben Gam. J. Harris. 10-7 . J. Williams 

a a Hare Comas Charlie, m. Meade. 10-7 . R. F. Davies 

3 O Indabar, S. Brook*haw, 10-7’. J. Francome 

>4 OO Lost Bid, E. Morgan. 10-7 . R. Crank 

5 • _■ Lova Rocket. D.. Nicholson, 10-7 .. J. SuLhom 

6 Of203 Maple TriM, A. Janes. 10-7 . G. williams 7 

7 OO Meet My Friend. C. Bowlcko. 10-7 . J. King 

9 3 Mona D’ArUiur. — 10-7 . — 

10 Phlllslou, M. Scudamore. 10-7 . A. Turncll 

11 0 Royal Bug, R. HolUnahaad. 10-7 . C. As 1 bury 

13 2 Twilight Serenade, a. Rumse.v. 10-7 . 1. Watklnson 

_ 3-1 Twilight Serenade. 4-1 Marie D‘Arthur. 5-1 Love Rocket. 6-1 Maple 
Tree. 8-1 PfilHston, 10-1 Meet My Friend. 12-1 Royal Bug. 14-1 Hera Cornea 
Charlie. 16-1 others. 

1.45 ASHFORD STEEPLECHASE (£340 : 2m) 

a ^f-OOlr santon Brig <D). A. Dickinson. 6-12-0 . M. Dlckinaan 

3 430230- BH of Manny. Ml** Murrts, 6-11-7 . P. Keane 5 

6 D30-03f Juet Jake, V. Bishop. 6-11-7.Mr C. Crorier 7 

12 4004-00 Whiniar’c Lane, W williams, 5-11-6 . K. Maguire 

8-13 Santon Brig. 7-2 Bit o( Manny. 6-1 Just Jake. 12-1 Whiatlcr'i. Lane. 

2.15 BUTTS HURDLE (Handicap : £680 : 2m If) 

1 201201 Dou La BO, J. Tomlinson. 5-11-12 .. _ 

Z 414-001 Grey Dove (COi, G. Price. 6-11-9 .. Mr C rtta* j 

5 00001-0 Vale Royal* (CD), G. Hackling. 8-11-7 . Mr A. Wilson 

■4 23-1302 Destiny Hill. F. Rimell. 4-11-6 . Mr S. Morshead 5 

5 011244- Hotemoor Boy. Ml** Morris. 6-11-6 . P. Keane 5 

7 3120-0 Master h, M. Oliver. 6 - 10-12 . P. Blacker 

lO- Cymru Am Bytb, E. Moraan. 8-10-0 . H. F. Davies 

__ 9-4 Grey Dove. 5-3 Destiny Hill. 7-2 Dee .Lane, 6-1 Vaie Royalo, B-i 
Hotemoor Boy. 10-1 Master H. 20-1 Cyrnru Am Byth. 

2.45 BERR1NGT0N STEEPLECHASE (Handicap: £490: 2m) 

1 2000-13 Royal Mark (CD). F. Rimell. 9-11-7 . K. While 

3 11D-OH Ear 11 * (CD), V. Bishop. 8-10-8 ..Mr?.- Pfrityn 3 

• 4 0Q2-0 Hetromead, W. WiiUama, B-10-0 . K. Maguire 

4-5 Royal Mark. 13-8 Kiel to. 6-1 Metro mead, 


1 ObOOOo Another Fiddle ID), C Bewlcke. 11-11-7-Mr D Res Ion 7 

2 3144-32 Bramblestown (C). F. Rimell. 8-11-7 - Mr 5. Morshead 5 

3 030p0-a Esban (CD). D. Nicholson. 11-11-7 . Mr s. Stanhope 

7 3-13302 Any. Pnnoe, It. D. Francis. 10-11-2 . Mr B. Greenwur 

10 0-0223f Evening witness 1C). T. Healey. 10-11-2 .. Mr N Brookes 5 

11 23pp0l Ireland 1 * Owen. J. Edwards, 6-11-2 . Mr C. Saunders 

: £490: 2m) 

. K. While 

.. Mr B. Parttyn 3 
. K. Maguire 

By Rex Bellamy 

Even the asymmeDic bars—or, 
more precisely, an important 
integral bolt—could not take die 
strain when Ludmila Turishcheva 
set about them during the in¬ 
augural world cup competition, 
sponsored by the Deulp Mirror, at 
Wembley oa Tuesday. As tbe 
Russian gymnast wrapped herself 
round the equipment in a last 
powerful whirl of expertise, tbe 
whole thing began collapsing like 
a house of cards. She hurtled 
through the air to land at what 
turned out to be a safe distance. 

Not that Miss Turishcheva 
seemed to know or care which 
way the cookie was crumbling. 
She may have blinked. But this 
was not apparent from the press 
seats. Equipment may quiver-and 
fall. But not this' proud Russian. 
She came down, stood there firmly 
erect, and thus finished her 
exercise with astonishing poise 
and sang-froid before turning to 
see what the fuss was about. One 
felt that had the roof itself 
been tumbling round her ears, she 
would still have seen her task 
through before taking cover. 

That spoke for the courage and 
single-mindedness of the Olympic 
and world champion: now, too, 
the first holder of the worid cup. 
Afterwards', looking at us with 
a great depth of serenity in those 
dark eyes, she said she was un¬ 
aware that the apparatus was giv¬ 
ing way until someone shouted 
and she became conscious of the 
crowd's reaction: ” I think they 
were more nervous than I was.” 
She was disappointed, she said, 
that she could not finish the 
exercise as she had planned to. 
Still, only Olga Korbut matched 
her mark of 9.8. 

That was the only exercise in 
which anyone managed to equal 
Miss Turishcheva. The first thing 
she did, a vault, was all class, 
confidence, and authority. Her 
second vault wag even better: and 
that 9.75 mark was her lowest. 
Her excellence was so comprehen¬ 
sive that Miss Korbut, at 20 the 
enduring idol of the teenagers, 
was runner-up once more: as she 

To run at Laur&) 

Laurel, Maryland, Oct 29.— 
Comtesse de Loir, the French 
filly who finished second to Soow 
Knight in last Sunday's Canadian 
championship at Woodbine Park, 
Toronto, has been added to the 
field fox the Washington DC 
International on November S .— 

was in the Olynmics *nd 
world championship.- 

Still the smallest, though no 
longer the youngest of the Rns- 
sians. Miss Korbut had a bandage- 
round' her vnlnerable left ankle.- 
She fell on ber bottom as she 
landed from ber first vault. Bnt 
ber second was tidier and her only 
lapse after that was some rocky 
work on the beam. On this 
apparatus she did an extraordinary 
thing, lying face down and then, 
if you please, somehow bringing 
her legs over bead as if that- 
were an utterly natural thing to 
do—which, of course. Is the oppo¬ 
site of the truth. Ominously, she 
later limped away from her warm¬ 
up on the floor,' but came back 
to charm everyone with a delight¬ 
ful exercise. 

Can Miss Korbnt overtake Miss 
Tnrishcbeva and win a big title 
before even younger gymnasts take 
over—like Nadia Comaneci of 
Romania, aged 14, the European 
champion, who did not compete at 
Wembley ? Or must she be 
remembered as a runner-up wbos e 
personality and daring faav e , 
thanks to the modern magic of 
television, mad a her more widely 
known than anyone else in the 
sports history ? We may be closer 
to the answers after next year’s 
Olympics in Montreal. 

There was all this and more 
to feed the mind as we watched 
10 young women from Eastern-. 
Europe (seven of them teenagers) 
fling themselves about while the 
appropriately young crowd made 
echoing noises. When nothing 
much was happening, the band 
of the Life Guards maintained 
the spirit of the occasion with 
relentlessly joDy tunes. 

RESULT: 1. L. Turishcheva (USSR-, 
vault 9.75, asymmetric bars. 9.80. 
beam 9.80. Root 9.R0. total 30.10:- 
2. O. Korbut i USSR i. 9.60. 9.80, 
0.40. 9.75. total 38.55; Equal 3. 

E. Saadi fUSSRi. 9.55. 9.60. 9.50. 
9.oS. tola) 38.30; M. Egorvarl i Hun¬ 
gary i, 9.40. 9.70. 9.50, 9.70. total 
38.30: S. L. Corbtfc (USSR). 9.50. 
9.65. 9.20. 9.50. total 37.05: 6. T. 
Unqurcanu (Romania i, 9.50. 9.05. 

9.55. 9.70. local 37.80: Equal 7. N. . 
Dronova i USSR >. 9.3S. 9.40. 9.40. 

9.60. total 37.75: O. Koval iUSSRi. 
9.60. 9.00. 9.45. 9.70. total 37.75: _ 
9. A. Grlooras i Romania!. 9.20. 9.50. 
9.35. 9.55. (oral 37.60: 10. S. Maiulay 
iHunoajyi. 9.25. 9.40. 9.20. 9.55. 
loul 37.40. 

High Ken for US 

John Edwards is sending his 
nine-year-old steeplechaser, High 
Ken, to contest the Colonial Cup 
at Camden, Carolina, on Novem¬ 
ber IS. High Ken leaves for 
America on Sunday. Also in the 
line-up is the talented Irish 
steeplechaser. Captain Christy. 
High Ken will be ridden by Tommy 


Maridtan II «D» iH. BaflUet. K. Oliver. 8-10-9-C. Tinkler [ ilSSaa SMmwt Bera'n T?iP?3' Mr G.‘ JorasT 

5™" Cadowjn),, N. Crump. 8-10*4 .- D Atkina j 13 ripOfo Blue Pen, W. Lewis, B-11-0 .Mr W. Lewis 7 

CoHIngwood (D) (Mrs J. Tombs), M. No ugh ton. 9-10-4 15 opO-fp Shlrdlngton Lady. D. Quaricrmalnfl. 6-11-0 Mr P. Pritchard 7 

____ _ C. Hawkins T I H-fi Branthiosiawn, 3-1 Esban, 9-a Ireland's Owen. 8-1 Evening Witness. 

-12-1 Any Prince. 16-1 SCramer. HO -1 others. 

SALOP HURDLE (Div U: 3-yo : £306 : 2m If) 

33*2 Captain Marker, C. James. 21-0 . W, Shomnarfe 

0 Flippant Chary I,. E. Morgan, 10*7 ... R. Crank 

Glittering Cascade. G. Valla nee, 10-7 . K. Rivera 7 

0 Hafod Wen. W. D. Francls.lO-7 .............. A. TVylor 5 

Happy Countryman. Mrs While. 10-7 .. J. Polnion 7 

3 Kobe. D. Quartennalno. 10-7 .L. Powell 7 

S Kumalle, F. Rimell. 10-7 . . - K. White 

OO Nicola Lta. J. Peacock. 10-7 . R. Pfeiffer 7 

Porto Rico. J. Gibson. 10-7 .. M. Gibson 

404 Prince Hill, W. Williams. 10-7 .. Mr J. Frost 7 

-10 Sitato ™rk?r. 9-2 Robo ll-2 Prince HIU. 7-1 Kumalle. 12-1 Hafod 
14-1 Glittering Cascade. 16-1 oUiora- 


*/ * V>?: 

14 di»24 Rosvbrook. Mra Whitfield. ' 9-10-2...C. Smllh 7 

15 01231F Naval Power. Mra Care. 5-10-0 ... P. Barton 3 

3-1-Irian Scholar. 7-2 Garrymnac. 9-2 Naval Power. 6-1 Rose brook. 8-1 Mr 

Shtu Eye. 10-1 Rodder's Boy. 14-1 vindicate. 16-1 Star Beauty. 20-1 Snow Track. 

Vindicate. 16-1 Star Beauty. 20-1 Snow Track. 



64U: 2m 1 

. cn a. by Henry the 
Jlamond Wedding (A. 

R. Champion <8-11 •• 1 
.... P. Blacker ia -11 2 

elds F. McKenna >6-l< 3 

33-1 Pelt Dane. 4 ram. 

I . 16p: forecast. 35p. A. 
2olerne. 151. 151. 


- tSlO: 3m I 

Extra, h g. by Even 
Khvii-w Beauty (Mrs P. 

J. Francome ilO-lli 1 
■y .... J. King i4-it 2 

.... A. TUrnen <7-1 1 3 

: 13-2 Maniphe. 7-1 Sian's 

16p; (precast. 41 p, F. 
am bourn, ini. 31. 


Handicap: £.766: 2'im; 

ch q. by Honour 

SL Waltz (Mrs R. 

Whiteway;. 5-30-7 

u P. Haynes (7-2 rav) 1 

Tandala. . R. Kington 16 -n ? 

Clary ........ S. -Holme* (25-1) 8 

„ ALSO HAN: 4-1 Bird of proy. 9-3 
YjStspu.- 16-2 Prince Bleigb (4thK JO-1 
TJaid. Acre 12-1 BonSSi. Dari Sky. 


CHASE (Cl.438 ; 2»sm) 

Eahlblt B. b g. by vuigan—Rosbrtn 
Rose (F; Manhebni. 6-12-0 _ 

^ , W. Smith ill-8 lav) 1 

Knight or Fetal lira . _ 

J. Francome i 

. P- Keano (33-11-3 

_ ALSO RAN: 4-1 Sir Garnel. .6-1 

foar By Two 14-1 ■ Hijacker. 

6 ran. 

. TOTE: Win. 21 p: P.UKOS. 15p. 19P: 

forecaaL 51p. F. Walwyn, at Lnm- 

60 urn. 11 . Sqi. 

. CHASE 1 Handicap: £1.222: sm) 
Block Andrew, b q. to Taroopan— 
Quean or ihe Vtad* (Lady C. 
gponcer Cbui^^. 10 ^ , 

Royal Rniief.. J..King (9-2) 2 

oan'l widden . .. . P. HmjH 16 - 2 ; 3 

ALSO RAN: 9-4 Oebaldefllon- 4 

"tOTE: Win. 29p: forecaaL tl- lq - 
F. Walwyn. 01 Lambourn. Nk. 1 s'- 

4.10 (4.101 BINFOELp HURDLE <DIV 
n: £617: 2m) 

water Bailiff, dh c. by Bom Rocket 
—Shanonwoma 1 Mn O. Jackson 1 , 
liqa . . . . . . G. McNally i3-li 1 
Bins Hobbs .. J. Francome fl-2> 2 
Ball pet .... N. Flanagan (14-1 1 3 

ALSO RAN: 10-1 Deep_ Mystery 
1 4th), 55-1 Jack !cm Lad. 5 ran. 

TOTE: Win. 44p; forecast. 5Qp- c - 
Bach, at Faroham. 3‘aL 81. 

TOTE DOUBLE: Jan Stcwer. Blade 
Andrew. £6.55. TREBLE: Late Night 
gSSrtkhlbll B. Water Bailiff. £7.00. 
JACKPOT. £83- be. Guanuiieud pool 
today Is £2.000. 


1.16: 1, SHfeumlM (35-11: 2. 

Macturk < 9-2): 3. Alans Bounty 

tSoi. 16 ran- Free tort. 5G far. 

1.45: 1. Wrongly Oinm iil-8 (hi: 
2. -Gay HaaUi (7-1): 5. Lady Jessica 
120-1). 14 ran. 

2.15: 1. Golden Batman (6-11: 2. 
Mr wrefem (n -10 fav;: 5. MM* Medina 
<6-1 1 - 6 ran. 

2.45: No Defence walked over. 
PtaUUtkm did not run. 

5.15: 1, FUckHy Prince (5-1 1 : 2. 
BaUyhoara HU1 (4-1): 3. Yog r25-l;. 
9 ran. ffanda Island 11-10 fav. 
..3-55 : -l- Porietto HI-4): 2. t-tomer 
<12-10 tovi: 3. Um Specialist (14-1). 
oran- Chameleao. Paper Chase did not 


_ 1.30: 1. Fair Cap <14-1»: 2. Aegean 
Sons 111-1): 37 Waalher All .(»l)« 
11 ran. Euerel 5-2 fav. 

lO: 1 . Cantu bet iJ-7); 2. Filament 
(7-4 1 : 3. Gay Plnxa (11-D- J 
2.50; 1. Bar Rock (evens favi: 2. 
Skfddaw view (6-4): 3, Old waiter 
( 8 - 11 . 4 ran. 

-3.0: l. Dancing Nod (8-1315^2, 
Canonble Key (2-1): 3. Royal Chic 

1 7-1 1 . 1 ran _ 

3.30: L. Basil Thyms CU-10 fay); 
2. Drnmbo (lSS); STDrasldas r 16-15* 
6 ram- 

4.0: l. Fair Kltw (W tavi: 2. 
Thorny Lawn tao-i): 3. pentagon 
(9-lie 10 ZBZU 

2.0 STAYERS HURDLE (Handicap : £510 : 2}m) 

1 03-1120 Favedo. R. Akchurst. 6-11-7 ..A. Branford 

2 0-01433 Go-Ovor (D), j. Thome. 7-11-1 R. Llnley 

5 OOp-o -Marshall Who, E. Beeson. 1J-10-6. ■ — _ 

7 1-43111 Hodge Hill, D. Gandolfo. 6-10-1 . -. P. Barton 3 

10 Oi The Jeansun. S. Paitomore. 6-10-0. G. TJiorner 

11 000-110 Dallyalde, F. -King,- IO-IO-Q ■ - 1 - — .. . W Flovd 7 

5-4 Hodge Hill. 5-J Co-Over. 9-2 Favedo.- 8-1 Tha Jaansian. 12-1 Dallyalde. 

(£545: 2m 5f) 

.2 l0p3-03 Manlwakl (CD). S. Paflenipre. 8-J1-8 .. R. Llnley 

G 0323-10 Polymlc, J. Cobden. 9-11-8 ■■---- . B._ Jonoa .5 

S lior-as Rough Hant, F. Rimell. 9-11-8 J. Bmke 

8 Border Leno (CD). N. Wakley. 9-11-1 . ...... ..N. Wakley 

4-5 Ronsb House. 5-3 Manlwakl. 7-2 Polymlc. 16-1 Border Lane. 

3.0 NAJLSWORTH STEEPLECHASE (Div II; £459 : 2m 5f) 

2 ■ 44T3-04 Double One. F. Cnadell. 6-11-6 - - --.B. R.D a vl ea 

5 040f0-r Grengewood Clri. .MraL.FlncIi.jS-il^ ...MrM<jad 

6-11-6 . Mr Mead 

6 <MM32f KlUaguriaen fCI. W. Fisher, 7-11-6 .N. Wakley 

8 310040 Roly at- C. Balding. 9-11-6 . Mr Irby 7 

Evens Crapgewood Girl, 5-2 xaiagunecn. 100-30 Double One. 8-1 Ralyat. 

330 NETHER WALLOP HURDLE (4-y-o: Handicap: £432: 2m) 

1 33-0100 Falcons Boy, M. Salsman. 11-11 ............ M, Salamnn 

3 220-233 Story Tel lor, A. Steven* 11-7 . R. Champion 

; 6 02130-4 Opt Out. L. Cottrell. 11-0 . P. Warner 

6 3p-ooo Queen's Court. W Fisher. 10-15 ... N. Wakley 

7 200-331 Happy cod H. Jonas. 10-12 ..T. Wai^a * 

B 003044- Compute*, f. Dudgeon. 10-9 .._ B. Foraay 

10 4OO0fO Deldl. J. Baler. ■ tu-S . i . S. IfnluliJ 7 

10 4000fQ _____— ....- - 

11 34-fOOf The Lawyer, 1. Dudgeon. 10-0 ..... -. R- Wtf § 

12 pO030-b surer Rondo, Mrs Koimard. 10-0 ............ Mr Gray T 

3*1 Siorv TWier. 7-3 Happy God, 9-2 Falcon* Boy. IS-a Opt Ouj. 8-1 Qiuai a 

Conn. 10-1 Compute*. 12-1 Detdi. 14-1 The Lawyer. 16-1 SDvur Rondo. 

DoubUut runner 

Wmcapton selections 

By Our Raring Staff 

1.0 Laurel Branch-1-30 Naval Power. 2.0 Hodge Hill. 230 Rough House. 
3.0 KUfetgmteen. 330 Falcons Boy. 

-1 naln 

on January F ®U3f0 PllMcseiiaf9 rim m~» 

Mr P. NiSS? ^ ««pasi.qn to I 


si® ft 

••;'. /tVy:- 

•^V : &: 


r*' ’ - 

:>:i; 4 : *!::*.. 

1 * 5 %%$ 

ti _ 4- • • .’£••• **■ '' i'Vf- 

I— U*t . 1 




:■ -*■ • 

V.V • f-r»" 

. S .yi.,* .■ 

• - p -! ^ ' / , ■ : ' ' • 

: ■ /■ •-'‘yft-T ./V • 7 '.'y-f-',; "ft 1 * 

“•■•'-■'VA’;»*ftft y- ft -ft •' 

: If > ’ ft? :> ft'v ; ; ft - -ft..' 

.if..-/-'. ..r . 

■ n f - ‘ 

Htfh-r..*-’* ft 

motorcars, eertainiiames 

ftftVftftft .. amsymon^ouswithpowCT ' -ft ft 

. • ft- ft Mercedes, BMW ^djaguax are amongfhem. 

ftftfftftftft'ftft’'; ft'-': 

.ftft ft..'?'..ft;'-..--.. ft:. .-.'It’s not a; new name, since it hasheen in existence 

7 - X .‘7 

ftft ; ftft--ft- ftft.ftftft 

ftftftftft ft'ftft-ft vft But it’s one whichhas bufltasupremcr^putefion 
ft 'ftftf - - • . for quality anddurability • : : ft ■=■■'■ -''ft.ft-ft 

s ft rftiysr-j’• - •; -r.- 7 -. * •* ‘ •-' •' *!' • ■'■■*■ ' ' • ‘ ' ft' • • 

; ft ThenameisPeugeotThe earis ourBrandnew604. 

ft' Jf i, - 7 - i° . ’ : _ >ft: _ ' ft' ft 1 ftft_ 

. When we sit down-to design. our new 604> three 
ftStfftft; 'ft ft'caitenawereupperimostinqtff -ft'ft;•• 

‘ftftftft-ftftftftftftft.ft/ We wanted technic^sophisticationYW.^ 
'-ft-ft'-ft-ft i ftftsfience.We wantedItbatry . 

ft- ■ ; wellwesucceeded. ; . •• 

Let’s Start Tvidi our ramme riche paintwork. It’s 

ft ft ; vftft' : coat iBe c% with an incredibly tough transparent Varnisl^ 

/■'-■ftft ft ft' ‘ : ;. Theeffect is to deepen the colour and protect it 
fldrfmsf.arirhe and pint. - 

: ft independ^^uspeiTsion'^ftteni wBichmakes this Peugeot 
ft ft or^pf.lhe most comfortable h%h perforrnance saloons 
inthewbrld. . ■ • _. 

. - : And mounted flush withthe slim, black grille are 

four brilliant halogen headlamps, each with a separate 

A feeling of space 

Inside, the mood is pure luxury. Luxury combined 
with an almostuncanny feeling of space. 

You’ll fin d the kind of leg and shoulder room, for 

And on top of this spaciousness, careful ergonomic 
design .and top quality materials combine to cut interior 
noise and driver stress to a minimum. 

Steering is via a power assisted rack and pinion 
system. Iight^hut with plenty of feeL 

Speedometer, tachometer and matching quartz 
clock are housed behind anon-reflective glass screen. 

■ Each window is discreetly tinted to reduce glare, 
and all four side window's are electrically operated. 

ft- Sumptuous, orthopaedically correct reclining seats 
have built-in head restraints and are covered with dioice 
hide orrich velours. 

When hide upholstery is selected, a push-button 
■ electric sunroof is also fitted. 

Individual interior lamps allowrearseatpassengeis 
to read in comfort 

And inertia reel seat belts, standard fitting for the. : 
firont seats of the 604, retract neatly into the door pillars. 

Smooth, silent, tireless 

■* T ■ 

Under the bonnefithere’s a whole new story. 

We developed the 2.7 litre Vd engine especially 
for our 604: in consequence it is powerful, tireless and 
smooth as a turbine. 

To balance the car properly—and thus allow it to 
handle like a sports saloon—we built this engine of : 
pressure castaluminium. - ■ 

. Its two overhead camshafts and compound 
carburettors allow it to deliver 136 bhp with a minimum : 
of fuss and a maximum of fuel economy (between 21 and 
23 mpg overall, depending whether automatic or manual . 
transmission is chosen). 

And the two alternative transmission systems 
developedby our engineers exclusively for the car, allow 
Peugeot drivers to enj oy the kind of smooth, quiet 
progress which has made our name synonymous with 
silence for eighty-five years. 

A symbol of success 

; You’d expect a 114 mph European express like the 
604to be a safe car. 

It is. 

It incorporates safety features found on our 
experimental safety vehicle, first shown at thel975Geneva 
Motor Show. 

Together with the kind of legendary reliability 
bom ofour innumerable rally wins, the 604 combines the 
virtues ofa grand bolide with those of a hand builtlimousine. 

For us, it’s a symbol of success. 

For the relatively few people lucky enough to 
own one, we believe it will provide tangible evidence that 
success breeds success. 

The betterbuilt ? more reliable car 


Vie6Q4 ranee starts af a modest £4,600 for the manual gearbox veraon vwth velours upholstery and extends to £5,242 forthe SL model with automatic gearbox, electric sunroof and hide interior. 
For thefull story on the 604.V6 SL* send this coupon to The Marketing Services Director, Peugeot Automobiles (UK) Limited, Peugeot House, VUsstem Avenue, London W3 ORS. Telephone 01-993 2331 




board flinxtor 


The unheeded 
lesson of the Yom 
Kippur war 

Twp years after the Yom Kippur 
wav, both sides are sufficiently 
pleased with the result to invite 
a Sizable number of American, 
British and" continental Euro¬ 
pean defence specialists and 
journalists to rake over its ashes. 
Th| Cairo affair is going on this 
weik, while two weeks ago the 
International Symposium on 
Military Aspects of the Middle 
East Conflict was raking place 
in - Jerusalem. The Jerusalem 
symposium was efficiently or¬ 
ganized on the sandwich course 
principle, the days of discussion 
alternating with visits as the 
guests of the Israel defence 
Forces to the Golan Heights— 
where it was emphasized how 
lirtfe could be safely sur¬ 
rendered—and Sinai. The week 
began with Israel and American 
prtffcssors talking about the pos¬ 
sible application elsewhere of 
tvhpr was learnt from the war; 
ir ended with the articulate, con¬ 
fident accounts of the young 
Israel generals, whose concen¬ 
tration was on the particular 
battlefield across which they 
have fought so often. 

■Xhe contributions were fre¬ 
quently impressive, the military 
information given important, 
since as one delegate put it: 

The Yom Kippur war is the 
besj: war we have.” But, for all 
the* ingenuity shown in attempt¬ 
ing* to apply lessons from the 
Middle East" to Nato’s problems 
in *0601X31 Europe, the differ¬ 
ences . seemed more apparent 
than the resemblances. 

First impressions of the Yom 
Kitfpur war had rather cheered 
the west Europeans-^-th'e defen¬ 
sive weapons, precision-guided 
anti-tank missiles and the highly 
mobile SA-6 and SA-7 anti-air¬ 
craft missiles, appeared to 
dorpinate the battlefield. The 
Israel generals were anxious to 
correct any such impression. 
Certainly, massive artillery sup¬ 
port most in future be combined 
with every armoured operation 
to neutralize infantry-borne anti¬ 
tank missiles like the Soviet 
Sagger. Agreed, the air force 
should not be expected in future 
to give close air support to the 
army, which must be able to 
defeat the enemy’s ground forces 
unaided. But, as General Elazar, 
who, was Chief of Staff through¬ 
out';the battle, asserted firmly - : 
•‘The air force and the armour 
remain the decisive factors in 
the battlefield. Their superiority 
and*their success in battle are 
vital for victory in war.** 

As human types, the Israel 
gentrals who appeared before 
us , were indeed impressive. 
They left me with the feeling 
that the British military history 
of the past century would have 
been very different if some of 
them had been in command at 
key moments, such as Gallipoli 
and. Anzio. Yet, as die sympo¬ 
siums came to an end with a 
lecture from General Haim 
BariLev, former Chief of Staff 
andlnow Minister of Commerce 
and- Industry, explaining that 
the Arab achievement of sur¬ 
prise was from the Israel point 
of view the only thing that had 
gone wrong, one realized that 
the entire week’s discussion 
had< been conducted in the. 
wrong order and in the wrong 

T3he account of the officers 
in qharge of the battle should 
have come first instead of last. 
It should have been followed 
by ; a presentation of the 
formidable critique of Israel 
strategy which has been built 
up by such writers as Professor 
Walter Laqueur (in his remark¬ 
able ‘book Confrontations). 
Major-General Matityaiwu 

Paled, Colonel Moshe Miller 
and Amnon Kapeliouk (author 
of Israel, le fin des mythes). 

Then there, could have been 
a confrontation of the two 
Israel views of the war, the 
establishment view and its 
counter. As it was, the only 
reference made to the latter 
was in General Bar-Lev’s final 
paper, when he spoke of 
“ various far-fetched argu¬ 
mentations M according to which 
the causes of the surprise and 
some events of the war were 
attributed “to wrong fighting 
doctrines, to an inadequate 
balance of power, to a wrong 
composition of forces, _ to 
a freeze in operational 

The fact is that the chief 
military lesson that Professor 
Laqueur, relying as he says 
very much on the work of 
Major-General Peled at this 
point, draws is that the Israelis 
failed to draw the right politi- 
cal lesson from the 1967 war. 
The war created the opportun¬ 
ity to make a political settle¬ 
ment but at the cost of with¬ 
drawing from the bccupied ter¬ 
ritories. However, the theory 
of the “ secure borders ” now 
prevented a political settlement 
from being made for military 
reasons. It was argued that the 
occupied territories were essen¬ 
tial to the defence of Israel. 

“ This was a misconception , 
declares Professor Laqueur. 
“Far from making Israel any 
stronger, the occupied terri¬ 
tories weakened its position.” 

The maintenance of the terri¬ 
tories was an additional finan¬ 
cial burden, the borders had to 
be manned by a bigger stondr 
jag army, and the Israel defen¬ 
ces had been tied, down to the 
Bar-Lev line of fortifications. 
Before 1967 the Egyptian army 
had- kept minimal forces m so when _ it began 
to deploy across it in strength, 
Israel bad plenty of warning 
and was able to strike, using 
itself the weapon of surprise. I 
After 1967 the two armies were i 
in confrontation across the . 
Canal and even more so after 
the war of attrition. The_ ini- | 
native passed to the Egyptians. ( 

But neither General Peled 
nor Professor Laqueur was on 1 
the platform (nor Amnon Kape¬ 
liouk for whom the “secure 
frontiers” were one of the 
myths that he declared, opti¬ 
mistically, to have died). 
General Elazar, in a back- 
handed way, confirmed part of 
their thesis. The lesson he drew 
from the Yom Kippur war was 
that Israel should have Jaun-; 
ched a massive preemptive 
strike—while the main argu¬ 
ment for the “secure 
frontiers ” has always been 
that, unlike the pre-1967 
borders, they allowed Israel 
the luxury of accepting the first 

The message that was implicit 
in the failure to include such 
critics of Israel strategy was 
made explicit by the members 
of the government who spoke 
and made themselves available 
for questioning at various inter¬ 
vals in tbe symposium. The 
overwhelming impression that 
they conveyed was that the in¬ 
terim agreement with Egypt 
was very satisfactory and that 
there would now be a long 
pause to allow the position to 
be consolidated. 

The tone was symbolized by 
the reiterative contempt with 
which Mr Rabin, the Prime 
Minister, dismissed “ the so- 
called PLO” as an unsuitable 
body with which under any con¬ 
ditions to negotiate. It seems 
that the main military lesson 
of the post-1973 period is the 
failure to read the political 
lessons of the 1973 war. 

Keith Kyle 

Devolution: The need for an all-party treaty J| 

V V UlUW v/il • A AA oarh flde * the product selF-determiaMiom/thew^-^ 

. _union, with Scotland, missmneafis ’The English •• for a referendummSc&tknS'T* 

irhinkinelv follow the vided that if Queen Anne died with- dear that the fragile of a*"** ’ presented the Wales. But who would 

sminkingl. issue, Scotland could, have a ?H£ e ? £ , „ n io n of the two Crowns commissioner P , bo* the Question to be put—which wouM i: e 

Every man a gambling man 

All of us are tempted to take risks. Paying now so 
.- we can maybe live it up in the future. Sometimes 
! gambling a promising future so we can live it up here 
and now. 

i Risk taking can be painful, agonising, pleasurable 
.. a compulsion so strong that the gambler may 
.imperil his winnings by staying on in the game. He 
may even ignore "mathematical'' chance and stake 
his all on "psychological” chance instead. 

- This week in New Scientist. Professor John Cohen 

- investigates the psychology of gambling, which to a 
'greater or lesser extent motivates us all. A passion to 

be found 3mong different races and in all periods of 

: history. . . x . . . . , 

: Read New Scientist, out today, for an insight into 
‘ the gambler's behaviour and the point at which the 
compulsive gambler parts company.from those of us 
• who know when to stop. 

Before we unthinkingly follow the 
Government, as it searches for a 
politically expedient answer to 
devolution, into what a 
MF has reportedly, and contentedly, 
called its “constitutional quagmire , 
we might do worse than reflect on 
how and why the United Kingdom 
was formed. If we are not careful, 
the danger is that we shall stumble 
so deeply into the mire that the only 
escape wU be at the cost of serious 
damage to the unity, of Britain. 

Tbe Act of Union of 1707 was not 
the result of a referendum. It was not 
the result of a popnlar wish or senti¬ 
ment on either side of the border. 
As an English peer, making his case 
against union in the English House 
of Lords, said at the time: “ Though 
rhe Articles of Union are ratified by 
the Scotch Parliament, yet the bulk 
and body of that nation seems to be 
against them. Have not the murmurs 
of the people there been so tou*a* 
to reach even the doors of tne 
Parliament?” . 

There was a deep economic bitter- 
ness in Scotland about England as 
a result of the failure of the Danen 
trade scheme. The unpopularity in 
Scotland of the association with bng- 
land had already been demonstrated 
by two Acts of the Scottish Parjia- 
; me nt—one of which determined that 
no successor to Queen Anne_ should 
declare war without consulting the 
Scottish Parliament; anothe r pro- 

vided that if Queen Anne died with¬ 
out issue, Scotland could have a 
Protestant successor from the House 
of Stuart other than the one appointed 
by England, unless Scotland was given 
specific guarantees in respect of 
independent government, trade and 
other matters. 

Nor was the union popular among 
the English, who rendea to believe 
that they had paid too much finacn* 
dally for it. (Even the House of Lords 
was worried lest the 16 elected 
Scottish peers would dangerously 
breach the hereditary principle). 

Nevertheless, the union became a 
fact by the. political will of both sides, 
because responsible politicians m both 
countries came to accept, that, with¬ 
out it, the Island of Britain might 
break into two component parts—with 
tbe risk to both (and to theirdifferent 
established versions of the Protestant 
religion) that -they might fall 
vulnerable to the common enemy, 

I-t -was a question of stomaching 
an unpleasing remedy for a danger¬ 
ous disease. With che two countries 
still separate there was tiie danger 
chat Scotland might refuse to accept 
the succession, after Queen Anne, erf 
the Elecrress Sopbia of Hanover and 
her Protestant heirs; and might 
choose any one—perhaps even, if .the 
Jacobites were skilful, the exiled 
lames III and VIII, in which case 
England might be dragged into a 
Scottish civil war. 

The last message to Parliament by 
King William m just before tus death 
exhorted them to embark on a final 

and complete union, m 
fmee itwas dear that the fragile 
S 6 o a union of the two Crowns 
bTone person was not enough. The 
iSue became one of serious potaroal 
design in ihe first two years of hu 
successor. Queen Anne despite, and 
ta£Sfa™« because of, the prevail¬ 
ing bad atmosphere between die two 

^This* was not improved when the 
English House of Commons, as well 
as empowering the Queen.TO tresrt 
with the Scots about umon, also 
nassed what was called the Aliens 
Act! which threatened that all nauves 
rf Scotland who were not perma¬ 
nently settled in England, be 

considered as aliens., and that ™ere 
would be discrimination against 
Scottish trade unless the Scottish 

SSSErJS settled on the Elecrress 
Sophia by Christmas, 17(b. 

There were xhose in England who 
saw this threat as 

productive; indeed the first thing 
demanded by the Scottish negotiators 
for union was that the Aliens Act 
be repealed. Nevertheless, it had 
posed *e essential question : was 
Scotland, after an ad hoc union of 
100 years with England tinder a 
common sovereign (and in those days 
the sovereign! was. snM a r uler 1 to 
break away into alien status, or was 
it to join'up with its neighbour in 
indissoluble unity because shared 
interests were greater than any 
differences ? 

Tbe method by which the union 
was achieved is itself significant. It 
was a treaty, drawn up by 31 com- 

ot snarw repre sented the 

commissioners r 3„- a iw rh* 

coramiMionei® alone, bat the question to be put—which would rl 

y!?mU«nners also included tainly pre-determme the ansn^ 

The commis- was given? (Certainly a.*y£„ th * 
c ? Ma 2L 0f «Sl Neither back-bench “no” to a question simply * 
^ItaenLiai.snorunr^rMenBtfve .the Nationalist solution would ^ 
v • a-hpv were from among nothing.) . 

£ great poEdcJ fi*«« - *• , Even a "“IS".*. * 

question to ne put—winch would pi 
tainly pre-determine the answ« £ 
was given? (Certainly a.“a * 
“ no M to a question simply pm ** 

tko Uatinnalict cnliifinn len.'.ij to 


; > i- „ f 

The Scottish conumssiopers. and 

soma members of the 
ment, would have preferred Federal 
system, like the United 
(The Netherlands) or Switzerland, but 
tbe Engl' 5 * 1 com mission ers troni tiie 
start were adamant against this on 
the grounds that two parliaments 
federally linked could break the 
union whenever they liked. The first 
clause of the Act of Union states 
specifically that k is “forever . 

Some Wessons can, perhaps, ^ be 
learnt from this story. The first 
is that whatever changes are now 
made ought to result from some equi¬ 
valent process of deliberation by the 
parties concerned—and that emphati¬ 
cally does not mean simply between 
tbe English and the Nationalists. 
Since there is now only one parlia¬ 
ment and therefore no other legal 
body to “treat” with, it is surely 
essential that anv pronosed solutions 
should be arrived "at by “treaty” 
between all the interested parties 
of the United Kingdom and not simnly 
formulated by bureaucrats and im¬ 
posed by the government majority. 

In theory, it might be seen that, 
since the Scots (and Welsh) as much 
as the English, have a right to 

Even a referendum would n™ 
lease the politicians—by which i 
mean the leading politicians o( a i 
parties, and-all the three countries! 
from the obligation to treat toge^ 1/ 
to reach an agreed solution {/• 
would carrv the overwhelming 
sent of Parliament. It is no longer*- 
matter for Kilbrandons or dons » 
civil servants or Mr Short product'.' 
quiet White Papers. It is a mat2- ; 
for the leading figures of all ihe nm 
tical parties (including renresenb. 
rives of the Scots, English 
Welsh) giving proper weight to iU. 
non-nationalist parties who, in Scot, 
land alone, hold 70 per cent of t{,, 
votes cast in the last general el K . 1 
don. - 3. 

Any solution has to meet die 
proper sense of national identity jjj \ 
Scotland and Wales and perhaps n 4 
England, too. But it must be' one’ ' 
which will not weaken the greater ) 
common interest of all the three -- 
nations and does not detract from l 
the efficiency of government. The - 
cry for devolution is, of course, am V 
that has been raised in the past an ' 
grounds of efficiency as well' as - 
national identity and to this aspeq ' 
of the problem I hope to return use. 1 
week. ’ \ 

, u n a M'.'ffiott Hnnirinc Wilfred Owen and Isaac Rosenberg : sharp words, and those who missed the bos. status quo is less painful in mean not only railway managers 

Evelyn Waugh, Gerard Manley Hopkins, Wilfred Owen ana Isaac ™^ 5 # terms of effort, status and pos- an d railwaymen but also rail. 

Packing a tninkful of history into a briefcase ESSsiriH 

™ — -n _r rn mhinrne forces For the minister, it means try- meeting the minister today big 

A new and seductive choice six volumes covering the twen- Wilfred SSlThSSS tn^reoare obituarTMtices of i°B w> get the other parties at enough to do that? Are the 

.. ,. tieth century roughlv by de- berg all missed tiie bus, because to P r ®P. hpfnrp the meeting to agree to provide people they represent sutfi- 

becomes available y cades have been reordered into they died before their worthi- fh ^ a more efficient and economical ciently concerned with the good 

the man invited to select just a ^oie alphabetical sequence, ness for inclusion was recog- their dearn. railway for the benefit of the 0 p tfa e rmlways and the puhUc 

nrlA hnnlr m rfllfp with him to A-j - hoc Kppn nizwl. Iifcr9T7 fame 15 a ricJcie This may account lor a ien- -..m;- whn. thp nnvprnmpnt is m m^iro ^oin rin <n ^ 

a though this must be very mud] 

HOW YlfIT against the interests of the 

ixvr H mn people who use them. 

to _ tllr . _ The main reason why these 

PH H jl stations will be closed is dm 

revenue falls far short of the 
rnilnrnv cost of keeping them open, and 

I fl I ■ TT A y m one fi 1 ® ma * n reasons fnr 

w this is char people working on 

It is a fair bet, if past experi- Sunday in British Rail generally 

ence is any guide, that the receive 150-200 per cent of their 
various parties meeting Dr John normal pay. 

Gilbert, the Transport Minister. On Dutch rauways, one of the 
to discuss the future of the most efficient systems in the 
railways today will be primarily world, a typical railwayman 
concerned with the protection of received about f4,000 a year 
their own vested interests. In (the cost of living is higber 
tbe case of the railway unions there) and for this, within 
this means the preservation of agreed limits, he is available 
the greatest possible number of to do whatever work is required 
jobs for their members at the when it is required, 
best possible rates of pay. Such freedom and flexibility 
regardless of who foots the bill. 1 would make the greatest single 
In the case of British Rail’s contribution to the survival of 
board and management, the not British Rail, whose staff costs 
dissimilar objective will be the are nearly 70 per cent of all 
maintenance of as much as pos- costs. But it would mean 
sible of tbe present system, abandoning the differentials 
again regardless of wbo pays, and inter-union rivalries built 
because the preservation or the up over tiie years ; it would 
status quo is less painful in mean not only railway managers 
terms of effort, status and pos- and railwaymen but also rail- 
sible loss of existing managerial way unions agreeing to work 
positions than evolution towards 0 ut a rational new system for 
something different. the common good. Are the men 

For the minister, it means try- meeting the minister today big 

A t ho dreadful alphabetical sequences: the want to stare irom TiT “He tions ot between taoum aoo reached an alarming degree, 

and the repeated dreadful fi NB . sup. ning again, to revise, clean, and paper than a di^omur-Be according to wfaac is a5ain ^ no means con fi nsd to 

gramophone records. The IWB, p ,^J e n t ofigoi ; and the twen- restore the guanne: edifice; m will be bein^altered w he jjjdaded. and rising fast. t g e - Always. Everyone in 

our majestic nanonal treasury P*ement orisui, ideal world we should was greatly missed by all his It ^ dear w tfa e unfortunate London is famOiar with the wav 

of the biographies that com- tieth _ similarly want to revise .The friends” There :is no longCT user and taxpayer that S crews Soid ukkina uo 

pose the flesh and blood of There are re ^ Oxford English Dictionary. We any such premortuary collabora- somet hing has to give, because oasseneers not accidentally 

British history, has been shrunk for a thorough revision of the mi ^ h( even choose to rearrange uon between The Tunes the vested interests involved deliheratdv An or^anizv 

micrographically, so that the D; vb. Quantaues of new mat- ± DNB per haps - by chrono- obituarists and the national bio- are contradictory. And the idea £ t S SdeSl iWien i[ s 

marooned bookworm can now erial and new hptoneal logical periods, so that die graphers. But die informal ^ minister can somehow ^be^ have so lost touch 

fit it mto his briefcase instead raei h ods , and new technical penurious medievalist would . links, fostered by de late A. F. ^jure ^ a solution is sheer it there at all 

of a trunk. The 28 dumping tools in d u ding computers, have Sot be compelled to buy de Ryan oi The Tunes, remain ^ w£H ore hav- 

=a--*t A j= 5S^&fit5s sSSSS ygffiSfs 

the original work fit on one turned to spawn a new volume 0 f our Victorian New Printing House Square to LevI aiidLtSe National Heald SL^hwinhtridv orofit- 

page of de compact edition; every three months wid aw^ £atherS ; in particular of George , 00 k at the cuttings. so o^where de !bftd cSSldbo frr 

a , rhose 50 regulanty for fifteen and Smithy, the Smith ofSmnhsof A rev ised DNB is out of the pursu i t and consolidation of in- “an they are, or the ser- 

cluded in the box fo half years to midsummer Eng Lit (there axe 199 Snuds question, at least until another terna i self-interest threatens to vjJJT C0U ]d be much better. Some 

Tmall Print. 1900: by then dere were 63 hsted in the DNB) di® foimdng Messed George SnudL the bring w hoIe house down. ?e Br S of cro^s-subsidizadon is 

mlnSSv is de region volumes of the original edition, fader °ngnaJ pubUshg. _ saint of English bio- ^ ^se is particularly SSary in a raihvay since 

bounded on de north ^by There are mistakes and Oder Three years ago it was graphy and bibliography, isi sent e ^^ent in de transport field, there is a value in de whole 

hfcmrv on the south bv fiction, flaws, for example perverse out- ® a |®^__J^ at U j among us with an mspiranon to though, and not only in de Greater dan that of its parts: 

™ tK easf by obituary, of-date spelUngs of famiUar JJ-TOOOOOto produce a risk his miUions. But dis new The crude (but in the but centralization and the huge 

nS the west bv tedium. Philip proper names: Alfred the Great edition. The cost te cl y compact edition brings the dreumstances inescapable) deficit are togeder dragging 

Guedalla dd not add, because must be sought.under AElfred. mori b than doubled' . s ^5 e jS ^ DNB within the iscope-Treasury remedy of stopping down things that ought to sur- 

W wom without saving, chat There are omissions, usually The Tunes P“OlwMd an article men - s purse? and book-shelves. ^ bloodfltw so limbs drop off vive. 

the chief city and 'belt part because dose omitted only be- ™ necessity AH who J 01 '! 5 W1 ft 7 ord * ^ *• bound t0 ,, be a PP lied . IO the All the customer and frx- 

of that region, from which all came famous posthumously, DNB a S a nation^ necesa^ interested m deu- nation^ buses M well as the trains over paver can do is w-ait hopefully 

its provinces draw their sometimes because our criterion insur- dstory covet a set of the DNB next f ew monds unless de f 0 r rhe emergence of courage 

strength, is The Dictionary of of fame has changed. Thomas irfficSne? which » bo1, e. aImost industries concerned can gener- and leadership dat will allow 

Siond Biography. It is a Traherne, Thomas Creevey and ^^ctSktiSl? Now dey stop coveang and ^ creative solutions from ^vay managers and men to 

living demonstration that it is William Hickey Q (de_P.««sq“f it Halev ” . JSSSf ^ within. tackle their own problems, 

easier for an Englishman to dtanst of 1/49-1830, not die Chuck it, H^ey . ... reading-glasses. For epample, the blunt instru- whose nature they are all well 

WT ite a life well dan to spend modem gossip columnist) are Almost from tne oegi g , . , ment will probably ensure, un- aW are of. 

it well G. M. Trevelvan des- all absent because their works dcre ^ re 5 1 L nhi „. Philip Howard less some alternative is evolved, 

cribed it as “de best record were first published after 1901, tw .® ca ^?The T&is The Compact Edition of The dat, more dan 200 Soudem Michael Bailv 

of a nation’s past that any and dey were quite unknown •SSLiKSTSf DUtioS of National' Bio- Region Stations will dose , on JVIICDaei UailJ 

d “ e " compact ^ed^don, S “° da » *” ^ Tran^porr Cprr.pondc, 

Chuck it, Haley ”. . , 

Almost from de beginning 



Michael Baily 

Transport Correspondent 

Municipal gardeners conferring TPl* ^ TllMAC T^lOrV Waters 900-1900 lsde result of 

in London yesterday were given I IIP fl I ^11 W an unusual partnership between 

an up to the minute report on ■* */ Basil GreenhiU, director of de 

the progress of one of our ^Museum and one of de for^ 
national disasters, the spread of _ most naval historians, and 

Dr Clive Brasier, a microbio- The deadly disease sweeping Britain artist not long graduated from 

loast from the Forestry Com- _ _ die Royal College of Art. It 

mission, said that the. disease contains 45 line and wasn 

is reckoned to have killed 6.6 , •. • . . colour places by Willis, with 

million elm trees in southern mutating itself a second sex obliged to commit tnemseives accompa oying text by GreenhiU. 
Britain since 1971. Almost 30 when it wants to breed, so that on women’s rights, so next time «We could not have hoped 
per cent of the elms in the Com- it need not be weakened by we ran support candidates from anything better”, said 

mission’s survey area are now crossing with anything less the main parties , Dr Kxoli _ .... ... C0Dnot claim 

Trade—Sailing Craft of British 
Waters 900-1900 is de result of 
an unusual partnership between 
Basil GreenhiU, director of the 
Museum and one of the fore¬ 
most naval historians, and 

The deadly disease sweeping Britain 

_- die Royal College of Art. It 

die Royal College of Art. It 
contains 45 line and wash 
colour plates by Willis, with 

dead or riving, and further pathogenic. But all is not lost, explained.- ... ’ Greennm. I cannot chum 

spread is inevitable. “By 19S0 Brasier said that some few trees There were feminist gutter- every detail is 100 per cent 
we must suppose that half the appeared to have withstood the ings that Dr Kroil s publisher,, accurate, but i think it is more 

elms in the south will be dead, full force of ihe disease’s attack a man, had dol paid, ms lLM .. accura te than nearly ail the 

the survivors being principally while even the dead trees stand- entrance fee. The women from . ou| on t his subject in 
woodland trees which are partly ing around the countryside are Mary Stottispub^h ers ttie s « Willis said he 

nrotccted bv their environ- pushing up millions of healthy feminist Virago Press, naa an recent y _ 

ment’’ ' suckars from their tools, which contributed, and the offending had spent more than two years 

The disease is a fungus car- may yet save the species for the male was eyed, rather resent- „ the Museum researching bu¬ 
ried from See to tree bv elm future. fully. t pictures, and many an. agonied 

hart hpf»rl««. but man seems to Meanwhile something called The Few other men at the hour hud been passed ini deci - 


protected by their environ- pushini 
ment.” suckarj 

The disease is a fungus car- may ye 
ried from tree to tree by elm future, 
bark beetles, but man seems to Mcai 
have contributed most to its phytop 

Meanwhile something wi,™ **■>- *—• —— - -- — ;-—— 

have conrriouiea ihum phytophthora is gnawing away party were mere appendages, } n 8 p °?' 

spread bv moving infected rim- a r the roots of the nation's rather given to boasting ahnut m the om 

L —u*..;-i- ti,« n-arot chestnuts, beeches, maples, the number of leaflets they had teentb century schooners. 

l.Kn.nnmc lilare anH rhnrinrlnn. addressed duriRR Dr Kroll’S WllilS- Started hlS. aTUSUC 

ber about the world. The aggrex- chestnuts, 
sive strain now rampagina in laburnunv 
Britain was brought in logs from drons. Yi 
America, where it has now your gard 
reached the Rockies, and is at Lawson's 

south Holland, and the Po so watch out. 

' Localized outbreaks of the Pnrty linP 
aggressive strain in northern * , T 

Britain have been chiefly associ- The Aomen s Rig 

had by all. 

The makers of Glen toilet tis- 

faad an interest in boats from market to Fortnum and Mason -toe 

an early age. sailing an 18ft ’of Piccadilly. He reports: fre^Sls and tesh 

open boat to Holland at rhe age What Fortnuras. describe as certain!v TotctaSS^’ 1 

of 13. While at rhe RCA he a sandwich is not exactly whot ra rf,i a & » St for what” s 

aggressive strain in nonhen, ^ V *•ta. UM « J"„d talh* bU « S»~M^IU 

» iis «. r s i b is 

works, and tne larest reports on Discrimi- L j 10 "sentence- Sixteen of Willis’s original variety, a large plateful of the 

come From Glasgow, a part t-w P*j"* L eight words the sentence. oaintinBs f or * e book are on chosen f.Uine. amolv earnishpd 

I buy Ctcn because ... 

which the disease, present in nation Bill and the publication 
Britain in a milder form since of books by two of their 

the 1920s. has never visited S , . er ' 11 N J“ r? ' Slutl , jnd Dr Vh 1 
before kroll. The event also succoeded, 

Sixteen of Willis's original variety, a large plateful of the 
paintings for the book are on chosen filling, amply garnished 
show in the East Wing entrance with salad, with a couple of 

Next: Europe SandxOich ’Bari 
Bride Lane. ■-t - 





i ^'j-: 

^ . ■■ l m asparagus rips and a slice ol 

xvfrr^ pimento. 

■1, \ . Entirely concealing the saod- 

vrich proper was a mixed salad 
" of watercress, potato sajad. 

four grapes on a cocktail stick, 
one black olive and assorted 
tomato, cucumber and lettuce- 
All fresh, crisp and well pre¬ 
sented. but at a cost of £1.3% 
with an extra 20p for black 
. coffee. 

’% : V" v The price was in the middle 

f I of rhe range. Most expensive 

- * - was a buttered soft roll with 

✓v. j lobster, egg, olives, cucumber 

y ^ .and browned sliced almonds for 

TL:_T_j _- £2J25 ; there was nothing under 

£ 1 . 10 . 

\ Sandwiches are served on 

\ \ \ \ \ the mezzanine floor hehind and 

\ \ \ \ slightly above tbe exooc 

\ \ \ \ grocery shop on the ground 

\ \ \ \ floor. The surroundings, with 

\ \ \ \ their lace curtains, mirrors and 

\ \ • \ discreet lighting, arc reminis- 

\ cent of the ladies’ lingerie d^ 

i I ■!.. .-r i in parimeiTt of a good-class store. 

Sandwich eaters sit in a ratti* r 
cramped row on high chairs 
-lLll along a bar. with backs vsry 

sandwicli test Alan p ™ pe, J\ lurne , d OB * * • ?a 5S 

„„ „ ‘ .vt» and sneky cake counter. Tne 

vrork also^n the Paris basin. £,lgo former 'things as well of her’book. A good time was. of Ford car bodies But he tas w-aitrS, wTo%S brisked 

^"the^dSSe*“itWn raffl^^n^sin" £106 towards A crew of assorted old seadogs Boat dug up recently io .the I chose the Bloomsbury which a gourmefcompcmion in* 

has kept the disease • off ,u e 0 f j) r Kroll’s assembled at the National Mari- ..Kentish . marshes, to a nine- was made to order and came nuyer sponsored With a U 

b pm nd nV\\W Sussex haJe bwn exfier^es for her General Elcc- time Museum at Greenwich yes- teentfa century Bristol Channel vrithin three minutes. The bean firm, is doubtful that he jj 

innnrh a new- book on oilot cutter. oF the concoction was one slice fi&Ie to stomach all the Frcnc 


to- the Museum until next slices of bread, crusts daintily 
March, -spanning a period from trimmed, lurking at the bottom, 
the tenth century Graveoey From a selection of a dozen 

3UCU • . f-y. 

» I have disconcerting JlfW F 
ntily The Daily Telegraph. 
tom. Former, the secretary ol Ml 
ozen Institute of Journalists who iron 
liich o gourmet competition 
arne nuper sponsored With a 
lean firm, is doubtful that he u'l/i a . ^ 

slice able to stomach all the 
I, a Food he has won. But V 

s of the wine will be welc_rjc- - •• 

i_r-_I,, hie oirn front. -v. a., 

Every Thursday 25p 

in anv case, more resisinnt to lurmeu 

the disease than English elms, candidacy^ which garnered few 
The latest shock discovery is votes, pey are not likely to 
that die virulent strain of die take to tlie husnn^ again. The 
disease has a nasty trick of other political parties were 

The Campaign was oiqunaiiy which, at tsu, is prooaoiy me me ui pieces or ^ 4J V, v .. 

formed to support Dr Kroll’i most expensive work yet pro- vra» aimmg « both sea eoriiu. chicken breast a sinulari:; Usually he - 

candidaev, which garnered few duced oh the subject, and cer- s lasts and plate_ hook collectors, trimmed slice ofwiwte bread corned elderberry juice 

votes. Thev are not likely to tainly among the most meticu- "You 11 * ‘ ? n top ’ t ^ ,0 . n ?, s ^ ,ce t * n j ,e ** Ribonn. nUC 

take to the hustings again. “ The loui*. Well, 1 do one on orchids for ham marginally smaller than - 

Publication of The Coastal £195,' 

the bread, topped by three 




Uruguay: Economic and 
Financial Policy 

' vas a Professor at the 
'veering School of Monte- 

- and at the National Univer- 

- of Buenos Aires. He has 
-. professionally in the field 
: ver economy as a consultant 

: nezuelan enterprises; Plan- 
: Adviser of Hidronor SA 
itina: Adviser of the Planning 
trv of Brasil; consultant of 
OAS.. E.C.LA and World 

Bid the .positions of Under- 
tary ot Stale at the -Ministry 
^Justry and Trade (1967) and . 
dor of the Planning and 
■ et Office.(1968). 

The main targets of present government policy 
jandro vegh villegas . (j) to improve overall productivity through a 

r 21 better allocation of resources ; (2) to achieve 

• SSikT 0 !Ji 01 indu£i monetary stability by a gradual reduction in the 

: . ieer. graduated at the rate-Of inflation. 

••- Bering School of Monte- 

■■ ^ nd u 8 niv D eSS r o°f f Harvard! The first target is based upon the proposition 
ridge. Massachusetts, .that,,in the past, exchange rate, price 

policies have been instrumental in hindering mvfest- 
sSr’of Mon» ment and export expansion to ‘those sectors in 
and at the National univen ' which the economy would seem to have a compara- 
3 professujn^nn’ tlm new tive advantage.... Better resource ■ allocation. is then 

''ver economy as a consultant - equivalent to a larger share of exports relative to 

'^a^ 0180 e f n{ !^ rise « total output. The reduction or elimination of 

itina; Adviser of the Planning export taxes and a more realistic exchange rate are 

?o Br e s A l: i A 0nsu ii ,8 i?/ t the main instruments of this policy. Considerable 

. an or difficulties have to be faced in the agricultural 

Bid the .positions of under- sector because of the unfavourable swing in-the 
^tary of stale «t the -Ministry terms of trade that took place during 1974 and. the 
TofWe^S' Kd' first- half of 1975; and the full effect of recent 

. et office (1988). measures on export earning will not be. realised 

---——--— before the second half of 197& More iinmediate 

results—although less sign jfiran t in balance of 
aents terms because of the low starting point^-can be observed in the 
•fth and diversification of exports from the manufacturing sector- . 

-» achieve the second target a stabilization programme was put into effect 
ng the first quarter of 1975. The progr amm e is. designed on.the basis of 
etary restraint and the rate of growth of money supply is being reduced 
tally, Ml remained constant for the second quarter of 1975). i During the 
phase of the progr amm e, it is being supported by an incomes policy with 
zt controls upon prices and wages, although it. is the intention Of the 
rnment to relax and, later, eliminate, th^e.' controls, . shifting full 
onsibility for the consolidation of stability 'to monetary add fiscal 
■aint. In the fiscal sector, the budget deficit Should he reduced from the 
ent 25 per cent of expenditure to about . 14 pei;.peiil so that-its financing 
not impose such a heavy burden upon the.cajp^dT^^.ket i^th damaging 
:t on private demand. 

addition to this, Uruguay's programme includes- several measures to 
ce the restrictiveness of the exchange and .trade system. Effective July 
375, several important restrictions were eliminated:: the min imum 180-. 
financing requirement for private sector imports and the system of 
)sit-free quotas for imports. The dual exchange-market is being retained 
the time being, but the spread between-the-financial and commercial 
s has been greatly reduced; : . . • 

nplementation of the programme-has been successful. The rate of inflation 
been reduced from a monthly figure of about 6 per cent in the second 
- of 1974 to about 2 per.cent in the second and third quarters of 1975. This 
/down was achieved without a reduction, in income and output.; present 

Sall;o Graride dam under colostraction on the Uruguay river, as a result o£ the joint efforts of Uruguay and Argentina, is an actual 
evidence of economic integration. Its operation is expected to begin in 1979. 

estimates for the rise of GNP for 1975 are in the 
order of 4 per cent, about twice the rate of growth 
of 1974. 

The limiting factor for the continuity of this 
policy is the deficit in the balance of payments on 
current account. Financing of this deficit at the 

present rate beyond 1976 would be difficult and 
inconvenient because of the high level of interna¬ 
tional indebtedness that would be required. There-, 
fore, if the world market situation does not 
improve within the next year, a new evaluation 
and more restrictive policies shall be necessary. 

activity in the first half of 1975 

the first six months of 
the gross domestic 
ict would be growing 
around 3.6% with 
:t to the same period 
r 4. 

far as big sectors are 
rned, the goods pro- 
g branches with no 
tion show a- growth, 
in some cases 
25 a significant level, 
g into account the 
ig correlation be- 
goods and' services 
mo a, it is quite 
le that some tertiary 
ies—as it would be 
ase with trade and 
oration — may have 

followed the said trend. 
On the other hand, thus 
presumption would be con¬ 
firmed by-Other indicators 
that are available for 

The greatest impact on 
the overall growth took 
place in the sector of 
manufacturing industries, 
especially in. the branches 
dealing with production of 
foodstuff and manufacture 
of fabrics—within the live¬ 
stock and farming sector 
basically through bigger 
crops in the case of wheat, 
rice, linseed and sugar 
beet, and within the con¬ 
struction sector through 
the encouragement of both 

private .construction and 
public works, mainly by the 
influence of joint projects- 
with Argentina. 

If this growth rate is 
maintained in the course of 
1975, it would permit to 


Index first Tutf 
1975 wtm 

roapeci 10_Orel 

Sector Mlf 1974 

1. Livestock -and 

agriculture 103.0 

2. Manufacturing 

industries 106.0 

3. Building industry 123.0 

4. Services 101.5 

exceed "the overall GDP 
level reached in 1970, 
which' was the maximum 
point achieved thus far. As 
regards the past four years, 
successive annual _ drops 
were experienced in 1971 
and 1972 amounting to 
around 0.1% and 43% 
respectively, followed by a 
weak growth (0.9 % in 1973 
and 13% in 1974). 

Livestock and agricultural 

In the above period this 
sector would, have in¬ 
creased its activity by 
around 3%. This growth is 
the result of unlike devel¬ 
opments within the sector: 
the agricultural sector 

i - v.r. '* * * 


• \ -V 

• • tr-," v *».: .- n -, ,• ^ ■ *■ 

gust 28th, 1975, AJf.CAj; ilie Uruguajfari Offidil 03 O-WK 

e contract for the offehofe exploration and exploitation of hydrocarbons n» the Urugua ym Cox.tmeotal ShclL 
tm try awaits with great e^jectanty this project that will start m the next ew in Block 

on is in the hands of Chevron Overseas Petroleum Inc^, which has the exclusive righ exp 
a contract for 30 years of exploitation if oQ is found. 

judication at the contract of hydrocarbons is another step taken by the Uruguayan Government In its 
5 the consolidation of the present positive- changes in Uruguayan economy. 

would be growing by 
almost 9% while the live¬ 
stock sector would keep at 
a stationary leveL 

Development of main items 

Within the farming sec¬ 
tor a positive development 
is shown by cereal, oil-seed 
and sugar beet crops, while 
potato and sorghum crops 
would be decreasing. 

Within the cereal item, 
a strong increase is noted 
in the 1974/75 wheat crops 
(+77.4%) and, to a 
smaller extent; rice 
(+14%). The other crops 
would show a decrease, 
especially in the case of 

The increase in oilseeds 
is due exclusively to a 
recovery of the linseed 
crop with respect to the 
poor crop of 1974. 

Sector of manufacturing 

The index of this sector 
shows a substantial growth 
in the first six months of 
the year, with the'level of 

activity increasing by 6% 
as compared to that 
recorded in the first half 
of 1974. 

The expansionary be¬ 
haviour of textile, foodstuff 
(excepting meat-packing 
plants), oil refining, rubber 
and tobacco industries was 
basically responsible for 
the above increase. 

The good crops obtained 
in the farming sector led to 
the growth of some food¬ 
stuff industries. 

On the other hand, a 
firm external demand and 
a good level of sales in the 
domestic market favoured 
the textile sector growth, 
which has exerted a deri¬ 
sive influence on the 
general level of the 
secondary sector of the 

As far as the rubber 
industry is concerned, the 
increase in activity was 
stimulated by the good 
levels of the external 

The cement producing 
industries have also shown 
a dynamic behaviour. This 
expansion was encouraged 
by a continuation of the 
infrastructure works in tbe 
west region of Uruguay. 

The most important con- 
tr actional factors were 
noted in the meat-packing 
industry. The recession in 
the international demand 
for red meat precluded a- 
grearer development of this 
industry, which was only 
partially offset by the slight 
increase in domestic con¬ 


In the first half of 1975 
consumer prices increased 
by 25.6% while wholesale 
prices increased by 2S.3%. 
In the last two months of 
the semester . prices in¬ 
creased in a more moderate 
way. By. the end of April 
consumer prices had in¬ 
creased by 18.9% over tbe 
level of December 1974, 
which implied an increase 

at an accumulative monthly 
rate of 4.4%, while in the 
following two months tbe 
general index level 
increased by 5.6%, which 
implied 1 an accumulative 
monthly rate of 2.8% dur¬ 
ing this two-month period. 

Tbe important policy 
regulations on ' prices and 
incomes introduced by the 
.national authorities, supple¬ 
mented then by the 
measures prescribed by the 
advisory and price controll¬ 
ing bodies,' marked the 
beginning of a period of 
greater price.stabtiity. 

In this way, it is expected 
that during tbe whole year 
1975 the annual inflation 
rate will be less than a half 
of that experienced in 1974. 
This substantial reduction 
which it is expected to 
achieve will take place 
without affecting the pro¬ 
duction and employment 

Recent development and financing of 
the balance of payment in Uruguay 

The recent development 
of the international situa¬ 
tion in connection with the 
prices of basic products has 
caused a tremendous 
impact on the balance of 
payment in Uruguay. This 
country must import all the 
crude oQ it consumes which 
is mostly used to produce 
electric power. 

Prior to the price incre¬ 
ment which came into force 
at the end of 1973. Uruguay 
spent 50 million dollars per 
annum to import crude oil. 

- At the present time, this 
country spends more than 
150 milli on dollars to pur¬ 
chase the same quantity of 
oiL In addition, and as a 
result of these inflationary 
conditions and the genera¬ 
lized economic recession 
now prevailing in _ the 
world, the international 
market price of its basic 
export product—meat—has 
decreased considerably and, 
what is even worse, the 
demand of this product has 
been drastically cut down 
mainly because .of the 

restriction introduced by 
the E.C.M. 

Id view of the deficit 
shown by the. balance of 
payments originating from 
the facts listed above, 
Uruguay has now been 
forced to resort to foreign 
credit. In order to obtain 
credit, however, Uruguay 
has conducted negotiations 
based not only on its real 
needs but also by introduc¬ 
ing a policy of internal 
reorganization in terms of 
a firm end well coordin¬ 
ated policy of monetary; 
exchange, credit and Treas¬ 
ury regulations which made 
it possible to reach total 
social stability. 

As a result of this situa¬ 
tion, in the second half of 
1974 Uruguay obtained a 
loan amounting to 54 
million dollars from LM.F. 
under the terms and con¬ 
ditions of the Oil Facility. 
The atmosphere of 
reliability prevailing in 
Uruguay has made it 
possible for the Govern¬ 
ment to attract local and 

foreign investors and place 
Treasury Bonds for a total 
of 74 million dollars be¬ 
tween January and August 

A stand-by agreement 
making it possible for 
Uruguay to obtain a loan in 
the amount of 22 million 
dollars was signed in April 
1975 and an additional loan 
amounting to 26 million 
dollars under the Oil 
Facility was later obtained. 

The economic policy 
based on the agreement 
made with the LM.F. is 
also contributing to facili¬ 
tate the use of other sources 
of foreign financing. An 
example of this is the loan 
agreement . which . has 
recently been signed with a 
pool of banks in London 
for an initial amount of 
110 million dollars. 

Since the foreign debt of 
Uruguay amounts to almost 
950 million dollars at the 
present time, the observers 
may be inclined to predict 
difficulties in the future. 
This is not correct, how¬ 

ever, because the Treasury 
Bonds are to be amortized 
in a 5 to 10-year period and 
the loan obtained from the 
pool of banks in London 
will be due in 5 years with 
a two-year grace period. 
And above all, because the 
gold reserves of Uruguay 
at the current market price 
amount to more than 
600 million dollars, that is, 
a gold volume of almost 
4 million troy ounces, and 
because the total amount 
of foreign debt, which in¬ 
cludes liabilities of up to 
40 years, is equal to less 
than two years of exports 
which would . totalize 
500 million dollars under 
normal meat export condi¬ 

The financing obtained 
from foreign sources and 
in the process of being 
obtained from international 
institutions is not only in¬ 
tended to face the deficit 
of the balance of payments 
but also to take care of the 
harmonic development of 
the country. 

■U irUSji 



and the 

Traditionally, Uruguay and the United Kingdom 
have maintained important and fruitful business 
and financial relations. It is pertinent to recall that 
as early as the middle of the past century banking 
capitals were brought into Uruguay in order to 
contribute to the financing of export trade. Later 
on, successive British investments participated in 
the Uruguayan economy, favouring its development. 
Of far-reaching effect, in this connection, was the 
purpose for which the funds brought into the 
country were used: transportation and infra¬ 
structure (railways, tramways, for the city of 
Montevideo, drinking water and sewerage); energy 
(gas); industry (meat-packing plants, canned foods 
and others); services (banking, insurance compa¬ 
nies), etc. Some of these activities continue to 
support the Uruguayan development nowadays. 
Others, as it is the case with transportation, drink¬ 
ing water and gas, were transferred to the 
Uruguayan Government basically after World War 
II by mutual agreement of the parties.—At the 
present rime, there is a considerable business flow 
between both countries, which is reflected in the 
figures of the following table: 

Commercial interchange 
with the 

United Kingdom 






In thousands of US dollars 

Greasy wool 





Scoured wool 





Hides and bristles 

Agric. and farm prod., un- 






Agric. and farm prod., 















Chemical and pharmaceutical 

. — 









Miscellaneous industries 

Spun and woven goods aud 





related prod. 





Meat and byproducts 










General foodstuff 





.Alive animals 





Building materials 

Cineraat., music, radio and 









• 244 

Fuels and lubricants 

Drugs, chemicals and phar- 





maceutical prod. 





General articles of electricity 





General hardware 

Jewelry, gold/silver work. 






Toys and household require- 










Books and stationery 





General machinery and parts 





Raw materials 





Gold, coins and banknotes 
Orthopaedic optics, surgerv 





& hygiene 





Seeds, forage, plants and trees 
Saddlery, shoemaking & 





related prod. 





Fabrics and haberdashery 





Motor vehicles 

















+ 4,046 +5,471 


In the first six months of 1975 



Uruguayan exports to 




amounted to about 11 million dollars and imports 
to 17 million: — 


Paysandu-Colon bridge : it links Uruguay and Argentina by road as well as the bridge being 
constructed at present between Fray Bentos and Puerto Unzue, also across the Uruguay river, 
thus facilitating trade within the River Plate basin area. It will be opened to public use in 
November, 1975. 

Promotion of local and foreign 
investment in Uruguay 

Efforts to promote invest¬ 
ments are at the present being 
made in Uruguay in order to 
achieve the development goals 
set by the government. Wide 
range economic measures are 
being enforced which make it 
possible for both market and 
price mechanisms to revitalize 
the economic activities in the 
country and thus reduce to a 
considerable extent the state 
controlling policies which pre¬ 
vailed in the past. In this 
Tegard, the Uruguayan authori¬ 
ties consider that foreign 
capital along with domestic 
savings have an important role 
to play in order to strengthen 
and consolidate the economic 
development of the country 
and as a result it was deemed 
necessary to stimulate both the 
local and foreign investments. 

In order ro carry out this 
policy, two lhws were passed in 
1974 which facilitate invest¬ 
ments : 

1 . The Law of Industrial Pro¬ 

This law has been designed 
in order to permit both the 
domestic and foreign enter¬ 
prises to fulfill their industrial 
programmes and enable the 
country to achieve the goals 
listed in the Development 
Plan, that is, the increase of 
efficiency and productivity, the 
establishment of new indus¬ 
tries and the improvement of 
technological research. 

In order ro enjoy the 

benefits deriving from this 
law, both the enterprises and 
the activities conducted by the 
enterprises must be declared 
to be of National Interest. The 
declaration is to be made by 
the government at the request 
of the interested parties or 
simply by an official resolu¬ 

As soon as the declaration has 
been issued, the government 
stipulates the facilities the in¬ 
vestor will be granted in order 
to be able to operate in the 
country. Here is a list of such 

—special credits for working 
capital or for purchasing 
machines and buildings and for 
paying off fiscal debts, etc. 

—tax mitigation, such as a 
60% exemption on social 
security burden, total exemp¬ 
tion on sales, immunity from 
import taxation {custom duties, 
port and consular fees), etc. 

2. The Law of Foreign Invest¬ 

This law entitles the foreign 
investor to draw both capital 
currency and profits. He is not 
subject to any exchange con¬ 
trol or restriction regulations 
at the present time and in the 
Euture. A contract which is. 
signed by the investor and the 
Uruguayan Government and 
which is registered at the Cen¬ 
tral Bank of Uruguay enables 
him to operate freely within 
the territory' of the country. 
The amount of capital 
and the capital inflow regula¬ 

tions are stipulated in the con¬ 
tract. Capital contributions of 
all kinds are accepted such as 
machinery, technology, trade 
marks, etc. The shortest term 
for capital inflow is three 

Foreign capital in Uruguay 
is allowed to be invested in 
any kind of industrial or com¬ 
mercial activity whatsoever. In 
order, however, to operare in 
the field of finance, communi¬ 
cations, electricity petrochemi¬ 
cals, cattle raising and agricul¬ 
ture, freezing, atomic energy, 
railways and other related in¬ 
dustries, a especial governmen¬ 
tal authority is reguired. 

The benefits of - the law 
extend even to the loans which 
are obtained abroad by the in¬ 
vestors and also to their in¬ 
terests permitting to finance 
the activities. These . loans 
require an authority from the 
government which is similar to 
the authority granted ro direct 

The Law of Foreign Invest¬ 
ments in Uruguay is more 
favourable for the investor 
than any other similar laws, 
such as for instance the Law of 
the Andean Pact. 

The benefits of the two laws 
are addible, for which reason a 
foreign investor can also 
obtain credit and fiscal facili¬ 

Special laws are also .in 
force which are intended to 
foster the fishing, the hotel 
and the forest industries. 

Uruguay lies just south of Brazil on the northern 
shore of the Rio de la Plata estuary. Uruguay claims 
some of the richest agricultural land iu the conti¬ 
nent. The Atlantic Ocean forms its eastern boundary 
and the Rio Uruguay, from which the country 
derives its name, forms the frontier with Argentina 
on the west. The entire national territory is popu¬ 
lated and effectively used, though over half of the 
nation’s 2.7 million people are concentrated in the 
capital and principal port city, Montevideo. 

Spanish is the national language and Roman 
Catholicism is the predominant religion. The popu¬ 
lation is made up entirely of immigrants primarily 

In 1828, Uruguay became an independent state. 
Portugal and Spain contended for control of the 
region throughout the preceding century because 
of its strategic location on the north shore of the 
Rio de la Plata. By 1820, a national hero, Jose 
Gervasio Artigas, launched the first attempt to 
gain autonomy for the region. Formal independence 
was gained in peace negotiations following a war 
between Argentina and Brazil in 1828. 

Montevideo harbour : exceptionally endowed by nature, it is tbc natural outlet of the huge richness 
held by the River Plate basin area (Argentina, Paraguay, Southern Brazil and Uruguay). 

Introductory Statement 

Uruguay, though one of the 
smallest republics in terms of 
population and national terri¬ 
tory in South America, has 
considerable wealth in land 
and human capital. Nearly 
90% of the national territory 
is devoted to agricultural use. 
primarily for livestock grazing. 
Uruguay’s 2.7 million people 
are among the best educated 
and healthiest in the continent. 

Since March, 1972, the Uru¬ 
guayan government has intro¬ 
duced a number of economic 
reforms whose purpose is to 
increase export income and 
encourage more rapid econom¬ 

ic growth. Among the reform 
measures are a mini-devalua¬ 
tion exchange rate system, fis¬ 
cal incentives to exporters, 
reduction of exchange controls, 
and import restrictions, and 
the lifting of price controls. 

The structure of the Uru¬ 
guayan economy has remained 
stable over the past decade. 
Agriculture and livestock 
production account for 15 & of 
GDP, industry accounts for 
32%. and services make-up the 

Sudden shifts in the inter¬ 
national terms of trade have 
dominated Uruguay’s foreign 

trade and balance of payments 
position in the past two years. 
High world prices for beef and 
wool sharply improved the 
trade balance in 1973, Higher 
petroleum prices brought a 
like deterioration in the trade 
balance in 1974. Falling beef 
and wool prices will worsen 
the nation’s trade position fur¬ 
ther in 1975. This short-term 
price development tends to dis¬ 
guise the positive effects of 
revised exchange and trade 
policies introduced since 1972. 
Longer term prospects for im¬ 
proving the trade balance are 

Area and population 

About 90 % of Uruguay’s 
total land area is agricultural 
land. The total area devoted to 
agricultural use is approxima¬ 
tely 42 million acres, of which 
36 million acres are classified 
as arable pasture or permanent 
grassland. Under 10% of the 
land in agricultural use is 
planted for harvesr. 

The nation’s topography is 
excellent for agricultural use. 
There are no deserts or high 
mountains. The national terri¬ 
tory is divided roughly into 
three regions: the coastal low¬ 
lands, the interior plateau, and 
the low rolling grasslands. 
Excellent drainage occurs 
throughout the couarry. The 
climate is temperate with 
moderate seasonal changes and 
adequate rainfall # distributed 
evenly in all regions of the 

country. Freezing temperatures 
occur seldom. Only occa¬ 
sionally, the country suffers 
either extreme drought 0 r 
flood conditions. 

Better than 90% of Urq. 
guay’s population is literate 
and the life expectancy at 
birth of 69 years is longer than 
in any other South American 
nation. The relatively slow 
pace of population growth 
12% per annum, reflects the 
low birth rate of 22.6 births per 
thousand population annually. 
Uruguay is the most urbanized 
country in the continent; 80 % 
of the population lives in cities. 
The Uruguayan population pr^ 
file is mature in comparison 
with neighbouring republics. 
Approximately 36% of the pop. 
ulation is under 20 years, com¬ 
pared with more than 50% for 
South America as a whole. 

The Uruguayan 

Brief economic 

By the early postwar period, 
the Uruguayan government had 
established the economic 
policies that have shaped the 
structure and character of the 
Uruguayan economy until very 

Uruguay's inability to import 
many manufactured goods dur¬ 
ing the second world war en¬ 
couraged the development of 
domestic manufacturing indus¬ 
tries. As European industry 
recovered from the war and 
began to export again, Uru¬ 
guayan industrialists lobbied 
for higher tariffs to protect 
their small relatively high-cost 
operations from foreign com¬ 
petition. This protection further 
stimulated industrial growth to 
create jobs and revenue sources 
for the government The cost 
of the manufacturing ineffici¬ 
encies resulting from this 
policy was borne by the con¬ 

Since 1972, the Uruguayan 
authorities have begun to re¬ 
orient economic policies toward 
the promotion of exports and a 
progressive elimination of eco¬ 
nomic controls. In March, 1972, 
the exchange rare system was 
modified to keep the peso's 
external purchasing power in 
line with its domestic purchas¬ 
ing power. This exchange rate 
reform has already had some 
visible effects in encouranging 
the growth of non-traditional. 
exports. The export tax has 
been modified so that when 
world prices drop below a cer¬ 
tain minimum level, the export 
product is no longer taxed. The 
public sector has procured 
international, _ development 
agency loans to improve pas¬ 
tures and infrastructure in 
agricultural areas. New pro¬ 
ducts produced for export are 
eligible for tax rebates. 

In addition, since July 1, 
1975, a number of new regula¬ 
tions have been in effect which 
reduce exchange controls and 
import restrictions. 

To further encourage invest- 
merit, the authorities have 
begun to lift price controls on 
basic commodities. Policies are 
directed at increasing the por¬ 
tion of public sector expendi¬ 
ture devoted to investment 

In addition, a law protecting 
foreign private investment was 
approved in 1974. 

Terms of trade 

In the period immediately 
following World War II, the 
Uruguayan economy benefited 
from high world prices for its 
primary exports, beef and 
wool, and from the introduction 
of import substitution policies 
which stimulated the growth of 
domestic industry. During the 
fifties, Uruguay had among the 
highest standards of living in 
the developing world. The high 
per capita level of exports, 
much higher than in either 
Argentina or Brazil, enabled 
the country to import the fuels, 
materials, and manufactured 
goods that it could not produce 
locally. High demand for its 
exports brought exceptionally 
high levels of foreign exchange 
reserves. From the mid-fifties 
until 1972, Uruguay’s terms of 
trade index, the ratio of the 
price it receives for each unit 
of export to the price it must 
pay for each unit of import, 
deteriorated. In 1973, excep¬ 
tionally high prices for wool 
and beef improved the terras 
of trade to an all time high. 
But the skyrocketing price of 
oil in 1973. and 1974 soon 
erased Uruguay’s terms of trade 

• Ratios compare the export 
price Uruguay receives for 
beef, wool, and an index of all 
exports with the posted price 
for Venezuelan oil. The terms 
of trade index compares an 
index of all Uruguayan exports 
with the U.S. wholesale price 
index which is considered a 
proxy for prices for world- 
traded goods. 










‘Items of TOuhQ 




_l_1_ l 

Terms of Trade Tndex*" 
2 II-1— U JL 

5435S6573586fltf62 S3,-fit 65 6667546914^112 73. W 


In the past two decades Uru¬ 
guay has experienced one of 
the highest average annual 
rates of inflation in South 
America. In the years 1965-74 
price increases averaged 63.5 % 
pee annum. Repeated efforts 
to allay the rates of inflation 
have been successful for brief 
periods and consequently the 
annual rate of inflation has 

varied widely from year to 
year. The single most import¬ 
ant factor contributing to the 
rapid pace of price increases 
was the creation of money by 
the Central Bank to cover ex¬ 
panding public sector deficits. 
The pace of inflation, which 
has been above the 20 year 
average since 1972, climbed 
even further in 1974, reaching 
an annual rate of 107% com¬ 
pared with 7 8%in the previous 

Sectoral structure of the economy 
Composition of the GDP by Productive Sector 
(percent oE total GDP) 

Agriculture^- livestock and fishing 









Manufacturing (1) . 





Construction .. T 



‘ 43 


Commerce ... 

1 S.2 




Storage, transport. 





Communications __ 





Utilities . 





Housing ... 





Other services (2) ........ 




25 .7 

Estimated figures 

11) Includes mining and quarrying. — 

(2) Includes banking, insurance and other financial services- 
Central Government services. 

Continued m page m 


ir r .; 
*■ V'. 


U 3:: 





i tinned from page IT 

Agriculture and 
Livestock Production 

ivestoclt production is die 
le most important industry 
he Uruguayan economy.-- It 
Ioys* 70% of .the agricul- 
I land and constitutes, two 
is of the value of. agricq]- 
1 output and nine tenths of 
value of agricultural ex- 

Agricultural Production, by Crop 

(Volume of production, 1961: 100) 

*ls, grains 
[ oils .. -.., 
ts .. 

stables .. ■. 


TS .... 


Livestock Production 

(Volume of production, 1961: 100) 

le .. 

;'>1 ... 


' Total .. 

■ eliminary 

'• xtensive production methods 
e predominated in livestock 
• eduction, though per capita 
1 : 'put is high by world 
idards. For many years 
ressed international prices, 
hange rate policies which 
ded to keep the peso over- 

■ led and a tendency for the 
tral government to rely on 
oft taxes to relieve budget 

. Tits discouraged invest- 
.! it in agricultural and 
stock production. High inter- 
onal prices for beef, wool 
other agricultural com- 
iities in 1973 brought 
ewed investment interest, 
visions in the exchange-rate 

Beef Production 
and Export 

Size of herd 

000’s of 


000’s of 
metric tons 








338.6 .... 

. 1120 



3393 : . ■ 


.’. 2153 



147.6- ‘ 




873 " 

• 178.2 




. 159.6 




161.8 . 









' Preliminary 
Export capacity 

attle were first introduced 
Uruguay in 1603 and, in 
» when Montevideo was 
ided, the herd totalled 25 
ion head. Increased slaugh- 
lg and inadequate invest- 
t in the past have depleted 
herd by two-thirds. Beef 
veal constitute 40% of the 
. value of livestock today, 
n per cent of the herd is 
ted to milk production, 
ool has accounted for 
□ximately 30% of the 
2 of livestock production 
is produced mostly for 
rt. Uruguay has 20 million 
of sheep, mostly of the 
iedale breed. 

mificant food crops pro- 
d in Uruguay are wheat, - 
com and several food 

■ Basically rice is produced. 
xportable quantities and 

■ ty. In good years, the 
try has met its wheat 

requirements internally and 
has even exported some. 

The industrial sector, includ¬ 
ing manufacturing, mining, 
construction and power genera¬ 
tion, contributes 32% of the 
gross national product and 
employs 26% of the labour 
force. Light industry predo¬ 

Manufacturing is well diver¬ 
sified in Uruguay considering 
its market size. Some 80 % of 
consumer goods is produced 

Consumer non-durables 

dominate manufacturing out¬ 
put. Food, beverages and 
tobacco industries comprise 
33% of total value added and 
employ 21 % of the labour force. 
The textiles industry accounts 
for 17% of value added in _in- 
dustry and includes processing 
of natural fibres, i.e. cotton 
and wool, as well as nylon, 
rayon and polyester blends. 

*^*r w -V-> 

ports. Together, crop and live- 
. stock production provide em¬ 
ployment for.18% of the labour 
force and contribute 15% of 
the nation's total economic pro¬ 
duct. The processing of agri¬ 
cultural and animal products 
accounts for about half of tbe 
country’s industrial output. 

1970 1974* 

112.2 1123 

93.8- 62.1 

98.7 92.0 

105.4 97.2 

policy favour agricultural 
producers. In addition, tbe 
government has introduced a 
number of measures including 
support prices, direct subsi¬ 
dies, and fiscal measures 
penalising under-utilization of 

grazing lands. __ 

The cattle industry has shown 
signs of growth in the past 2-3 
years after 35 years of virtual 
stagnation. While production of 
beef approximated the 35-year 
average of 275,QpO tons in 1973, 
it rose to 330,000 tons in 1974. 
Furthermore, restrictions on 
domestic consumption have 
increased the size of the herd 
from 8.5 million in 1970 to an 
estimated 11.5 milli on in 1975. 


Great Champion of the Hereford breed—Prado 1974, an excellent proof of the achievements attained by Uruguay as far as stockraising is concerned, justifying the 
well deserved fame of the Uruguayan beef in the international markets. The present stock amounts to approximately 11 million beads. Tbe Champion was 22 months 
old and his weight 857 kgms. 

- Other important industries 

- are metal manufactures, chemi¬ 
cals, petroleum and coal deri¬ 
vatives and miscellaneous man¬ 
ufacturers producing snch pro¬ 
ducts as clothing, footwear, 
wood products and furniture, 
paper and paperp.ulp, printing 
.and publishing, leather pro¬ 
ducts, fur products, rubber 
products, non-metallic minerals 
and basic metals. 

• Mining currently contributes 
less than 1% to total economic 

- output. Development of signif¬ 
icant iron ore deposits in 
Zapucay and • Valentines could 
considerably boost output in 
this sector. The government is 
seeking to interest foreign 
capital in. the project. 

Uruguay's existing power 
generation capacity is large 
relative to other South Ameri¬ 
can countries. In 1974, 
installed electrical capacity 
amounted to 475 megawatts 
and provided more than 700 
kilowatt hours per capita 
annually compared with the 
regional average rate of 
production of 440 kilo¬ 
watt hours per capita. More¬ 
over, Uruguay is building 
additional hydroelectric capac¬ 
ity. One hydroelectric station 
is being built jointly with 
Argentina at Salto Grande and 
the project’s output will add 
300 megawatts to its current 
power generation capacity. The 
first stage of the project will 
be in operation in 1979. A 
second ' major' hydroelectric 
project at Palmar is receiving 
priority consideration ‘ and 
foreign financing has now been 
secured. A third project at 
Laguna Merin also has been 
under consideration. 

Currently, however, hydro¬ 
electric power fills only 16% of 
total energy consumption 
needs. Oil accounts for 75% of 
total energy consumption and 
coal provides the remaining 
9 %. 

Currently Uruguay relies 
entirely on imported oil to fill 
its refinery capacity and meet 
domestic oil needs. Oil imports 
have fluctuated between 12-13 
million barrels annually in 
recent years. Around 40% of 
electrical energy is generated 
by thermal units, consuming 
17% of total imports, transpor¬ 
tation and residential uses 
account for 37% and 23% 
respectively of all oil consump¬ 

The government’s policy to 

reduce Uruguay’s reliance on 
oil imports in 1974 included a 
number of measures to reduce 
consumption and efforts to in¬ 
crease domestic energy sup¬ 
plies. To curb oil consumption, 
the authorities raised the 
domestic price of oil and im¬ 
posed direct controls on gas¬ 
oline consumption and non-in¬ 
dustrial use of electrical 
energy. Efforts to increase 
domestic energy supplies have 
included increased emphasis 
on fbe • hydroelectric power 
projects already mentioned 
and the tendering of bids for 
offshore exploration for oil. 

Energy sonrees and 
government role 

Since 1903, the government 
has participated directly in in¬ 
dustry and state run or regu¬ 
lated monopolies have had an 
important role in the economy. 
Among the most important 
state enterprises today are the 
National Administration for 
Fuels, Alcohol and Cement 
(ANCAP) ; the State Electric 
Power and Telephone Adminis¬ 
tration (UTE) ; the Adminis¬ 
tration of State Railroads 
(AFE) ; the Uruguayan 
National Airlines (PLUNA) 
and the National Packinghouse. 

In addition to direct partici¬ 
pation in industry, the govern¬ 
ment has promulgated an In¬ 
dustrial Development Law to 
promote private investment in 
industrial development. Indus¬ 
tries whose development is 
considered in the national in¬ 
terest are eligible for special 
tax. incentives. The tariff struc¬ 
ture has favoured imports of 
capital goods and essential taw 
materials. However, Uruguay’s 
programme for tbe next 12 
months includes several 
measures to reduce the tight¬ 
ness of the exchange controls 
and import regulations. The 
authorities believe that the 
previously existing complex 
exchange system and virtual 
quota system for imports, 
while ostensibly protecting 
domestic industry, tended to 
discourage economic growth. 

Public investment in 
industrial infrastructure bas 
been low due to the low level 
of public sector savings in 
recent years. Several large 
investments are now in progress 
or under consideration in the 
public sector, including the two 
hydroelectric schemes men¬ 
tioned previously. 

Harvest time in Uruguay 

; t«■ .7 

_ OZy'i ' -fc - 

Uruguay’s various crops satisfy domestic requirements and in good years allow some exporting of 
their crops. 

Real Growth Rates by Productive Sector 
(%change year/year) 

1960-65 1965-70 1970-74* 







Agriculture & livestock .. 










Manufacturing . 










Construction . 










Commerce .. 










Storage & transport . 











4 J 









Utilities . 










Housing . 










Other services . 









Total GDP at factor cost .. 









* Preliminary 

Sheep herd: basic richness of the country, its development as regards both quantity and quality is the result of the exceptional 
natural pastures and the constant efforts of the Uruguayan breeders. The present stock amounts to approximately 15.500.000 heads. 



Foreign trade and balance 
of payments position 

Sudden shifts in the inter¬ 
national terms of trade have 
-dominated Uruguay’s foreign 
trade and balance-of-psymems 
...position in the past two years. 
•■An increase in world prices for 
'beef and wool, Uruguay’s major 
■■exports, in 1973 markedly 
jimp roved the overall balance of 
payments. But sharply higher 
.^petroleum prices early in 1974 
■and the subsequent downturn 
in beef and wool prices in late 
‘3 974- and early 1975 reversed 
.. the terms of trade advantage. 

* This adverse price swing 
' tends to disguise the positive 
.effects that had begun to be in 
evidence as the result of 
-exchange rate and tax reforms 
-'introduced in 1972. The intro- 

- .duction of a mini-devaluation 
system brought the peso down 

' t b a rate which was more favour¬ 
able to exporters and brought 
a- significant increase in tha 
'volume of beef sales. As a 
result of recent investment 
incentives, investment in the 
•'cattle industry has increased, 

. .resulting in an increase in the 
,4ize of The herd for the first 
■time in many years. Even more 
'impressive gains have been 
, /Bade more recently in the 
-agricultural products group as 
‘ a result of the more realistic 
.exchange rate policy. This pro- 
■ .duct group which includes 
* grains, oilseeds, fruit and 
-. vegetables, both fresh and 
.processed, increased 56 per 
■cent in value in 1974. Sales of 
‘ other products ”, mainly 
"manufactures, doubled in the 
same period. 

The overall balance of pay¬ 
ments was in deficit in 1974. 

. The monetary authorities hold¬ 
ings of gross foreign assets 
.declined only S3.7 million how¬ 
ever, because Uruguay was able 

- to borrow S57 million under the 
International Monetary Fund’s 

-1974 Oil Facility. 

In the face of world markets 
,wbich continue to be unfavour¬ 
able for Uruguay’s principal 

- exports, beef and wool, the 
^authorities propose to continue 

- to support a more flexible 
" "exchange rate policy and to 
. promote export industries 
1 through fiscal and credit incen¬ 
tives- They propose to curb 

.. demand for imports through 
fiscal restraint and restrictive 
credit policies, while reducing 
" wasteful importing by eliminat¬ 
ing restrictions which have ten- 
7 ~ded to distort import patterns 
. ’in the past. 

(millions of US dollars) 

1970 1971* 1972* 1973* 


Trade Balance .» 



35.4 79-0 


exports, fob 



214.1(2) 327| 







imports, fob .. 



-1787 -248.6 

Services (net) .. 



-55.5 ”60.8 

non-financial .. 



-31.9 ”357 




-23 6 -25.1 

Transfers (net) .. 



11.3 13-9. 

Current Account 
Balance . 



—8.8 37.1 



Capital Balance .. 



57.4 -0-3 

Errors and 

Omissions .... 



-59-0 ”30.4 


Overall Balance 

-35.5 ■ 


-10.4 . 6.4 


(1) Preliminary. 

* Data subject to revision 

(2) Includes $27.9 million sale of non-monetary gold 

Raw materials 
Construction .. 



ns of US dollars) 
1969 1970 1971 






































2 S.2 







1 S.2 



















Total . 197.3 

Exports by Products 1969-74 
(millions of US dollars') 

3S69 1970 1971 1972- 1973 1974 

Wool . 73.8 793 70.3 60.1 109.1 101.7 

Beef . 62.1 87.8 69.6 102.9 127.4 344.7 

Leather . 23.9 24.4 21.5 22.9 25.8 24.0 

Agricultural Products .... 26.4 21.1 25.5 12.4 31.8 52.6 

Other . 14.1 20.1 18.8 15.8 27.4 59.2 

Total . 2003 2327 2057 214.1 321.5 382.2 

Origin of Imports 1970*74 

Western Hemisphere 

(per cent of total) 

1970 1971 
. 47.4 48.2 









US . 

. 12.9 



Others . 



Europe . 



EEC . 






E Eur. 

. 3.6 



Others . 

. 2.2 



Oilier . 

1 S.6 


Destination of Exports 1970-74 

Western Hemisphere . 

(per cent of total) 

1970 1971 











US . 




Others . 




Europe . 




EEC . 








E Eur. 




Spain . 








Other . 














































(millions of U.S. dollars) 




•; 200 








( millions of US. dollars) 

* 150 


Punta del Este, a seaside resort of natural beauty famous throughout the world, having the attractions of a big city, which offers 
every thing the most sophisticated tourist may desire. . 



' ( percent of total 60 P) 


The unit of Uruguayan cur¬ 
rency is the peso. Since 
March 2, 1972, there have been 
two foreign exchange markets. 
On August 15, 1975, the peso/ 
dollar exchange rate on the 
commercial market was NPs 
2.30 to the dollar, and on the 
financial market it ■ was NPs 
2.85 to the dollar. 

The commercial market 
applies to purchases of imports 
and sale of exports. This rate 
is fixed periodically by the 
Banco Central del Uruguay 
and is subject to frequent 
44 mini-devaluations ”. The pace 
and magnitude of the mini¬ 
devaluations of the commercial 
exchange rate are essentially 
linked to the rate at which the 
peso’s internal purchasing 
power is eroded by inflation. 

The financial market applies 
to all non-commercial transac¬ 
tions. Ou September '25, 1974, 
this became a free market. 
Rates are subject only to sup¬ 
ply and demand conditions. All 
operations in this market are ■ 
handled exclusively by banking 
institutions which must report 
their operations to the Banco 
Central daily for statistical 
purposes. -The Banco. Central 
may supervise the regulation 
of this market to avoid spec¬ 

Legislation concerning the 
control of foreign exchange 
transactions is currently under 
review and a number of revi¬ 
sions have already been 
applied. The relative scarcity 
of foreign exchange ' has 
encouraged the establishment 
of domplex controls in the 
past. Most of these controls 
were designed to ensure that 
foreign exchange would be 
available for essential imports. 
However, the monetary auth¬ 
orities believe that the 
methods used in the past to 
control import payments 
resulted in znisallo cation of 



i i i * 1. \ ill; 
i iiii i if f i 
l i i :i- F.|..i i i | 

l 1 * 1 i,| I 1 l 1 

iI !1 |V}>|| 

1 : i i ! i i ! i i 

jf{ j i|}j ji 
f *Com muni cottons, i 
(utilises .ond . other Se 

i. r , «• { * » 

! 1 * ■ 1 i 1 i J 

i;; i; 1 .■> 

: > i i < m 

!r| 1 ; I'! 

rvices 1 1 1 i 1 1 
s. ; [■ i | i i i 

! II lift 

:! i ! Ill; ] \'\ 

! i ; i>i, 

1 1 f" / 1 I. 1 J 


- ^Commerce..;•> 
■ /storoqe end* tronspo 

y. - 

onuf o cturing^y 



..... . 

... • •* » -> m . 


......... •»••«■--••»'• •■■» - - 

. .......... , 

- livestock;ond fishing’ 

scarce foreign exchange- They, 
have intention to - dismantle 
many of the existing, exchange^ 
controls and use ' realistic 
exchange rate and -credit poli¬ 
cies to manage import .growth. 
They intended .to rely more- 
heavily on free -marker prices 
to allocate the- scarce foreign 
exchange among import pur¬ 
chases. .' 

• Among the regulations. elim¬ 
inated on or before July 1, 
1975, were: 

(1) The • current quota sys¬ 
tem winch permits a" minimum ' 
import purchase without prior 

(2) The six-month deposit on 
import purchases above' the 
quota limit which "currently 
range from 315% to 1200%' of 
the value of the above quota 
imports; and 

(3) The requirement that 
importers obtain a minimum of 
180-day financing for all im¬ 
port purchases." 

A uniform 35% prior deposit 
on import purchases was im¬ 
posed to avoid an excessive in¬ 
crease in liquidity when the 
prior deposit regulation was 
lifted. All exports must' be 
registered with the Central 
Bank by means of an export 

The Bank- of the -Republic 
performed., all ' central' bank' 
functions * until.- the '.. Central • 
Bank of. Uruguay was formed 
in 3967. It-still performs many 
special : functions ’and. is by far 
the larged commercial bank la 
the country. It is not subject 
to the same reserve require¬ 
ments as the rest, of 
• mercial banks. • The - Bank of 
the Republic:must keep a fixed 
reserve of 20% on all private 
deposits and, need not back 
official agency deposits with 
reserves. It has received all im- 
.port deposits 'made to obtain 
an exchange • rate guarantee 
during the ' 180-day minim um- 
period";" which. • has_ been 
required for. foreign financing 
of most imports.• ' . 

The Central'Bank is the sole 
issuer of currency. It holds the 
reserves of the banking system, 
issues all monetary regulations, 
and is the bank of the Central 
Government. • 

Reserve requirements of the . 

banking system are relatively 
high. -On October 1, 1974; all 
reserve requirements .were 
reduced in -order - to .proride 
increased liquidity to the bank¬ 
ing system and to assist banks 
whose financial position might 
be strained by a concomitant 
increase in permissible interest 
rates - paid on deposits. 

Currently, legal reserve 

requirement are 30 % on 
.demand deposits, 10% on time 
deposits and 20% on foreign 
currency deposits. 

On February : 15, 1975, the 
monetary authorities estab¬ 
lished marginal reserve 

requirements of 40.% on depo¬ 
sits in excess of the December 
1974 average. 

The material of this supplement 
has been compiled and system¬ 
atized by the franco Centra/ del 


■ C ~z': 


•■ m.‘v 

Ct; ; 


1974 pocitos: famous seaside resort- of Montevideo. A proof of. the- many;attractions offered by the capital of the Republic. 

TIMES newspapers LIMITED, 1973. Printed iri PUMMie* Tim** Newspapers Limited at New Printing House Squaro. Cray's UUt Koad. London WCf i fCZ. England. TolcpSona : 01-857-1234,' TOUrtdfcy,:OctoberSo; 1970; - 


' L 



NewPrintingHom^e Sqdar^, : Bbndon 3 'WCIX 8EZ. Telephone: 01-8371234 


gSyjnjent Aid is lone of those 
^ts . which arouses idealism 
ggryoung and cynicism in the- 
^Xo yoeng people, tbe.enor-. 
M>f- ; the ;task of -alleviating so' 
j*J longer and-suffering is a 
Sig^rbalienge. To the old, 
jSfis 1 io. produce a defeatist 
to.', make any - sig- 
ejo&ifnpact, and may well be 
gwriSedrOy inept if hot corrupt 
gjouttotis in the. third world. 

»Jgck of fonts in the deve- 
Rnfc ; aid policy of ; successive 
^.l^oyerziments -has been 
ffl&d ' to - foster cynicism 
IJ'thap adealism. It is symip> 
ffici.jthgt .Yesterday’s. White 
^-should have been the first 
||erge from the Ministry for 
§^' Development for eight 
m -.Entitled: . The . changing 
msis in British aid policies: 
a Belp for., the Poorest, it 
smore cahdidly be labelled : 
vSsh -add rpolicy: a strategy 
! X Hitherto bilateral aid 
;j| has represented the sum 
Bequests .from developing 
wies to wbaclh the govena- 
S of the day has acceded, 
fifed emphasis on infrastruc- 
jsjbrojects; like ports, roads, 
"ttys, power stations and so 
^it Tviffr'no- dear aims' and 
■-ia in mind. 

* White Paper’s intention is 
fethis pragmatic patchwork 
n be jgraaually 
icentration oh the poorest 

countries,. especially those most 
. 'seriously affected-by the rise in 
oil prices; and by an emphasis 
on the. poorest, groups .within 
those .countries, principally 
• through programmes for rural 
development.-. A majority' of .the 
poorest popple in the world con- 
tinue io lfve nj xural areas»and 
the..White J^LpeTi.sees increased 
agricultural' production as the 
.best hope-of alleviating their Tot. 

In the field of ‘ aid, ; where 
donors : must 'eschew. anything 
resembling interference; in the 1 
internal ; affairs of recipient 
countries,-there is often a gap' 
between stated goals and actual 
performance. But-if the govern- 
' meat could shew' that its aid is 
incr'easingly being used to help 
the starring minions in ~the 
countryside of .India, Bangladesh' 
.-. and Sri Lanka to feed themselves, 
it. would do much to dissipate 
fears that too., much money is 
' being poured down too many . 
urban drains. * . 

For too long, western aid has 
. concentrated pn the sort -' of 
capital intensive projects asso¬ 
ciated with a western technology 
based on high labour costs. 1 The 
White Paper acknowledges 'that 
large-scale schemes heed, to be' 
-replaced by small, labour inten¬ 
sive projects likely to -prevent _ 
the remorseless drift to the 
towns. There is a certain con¬ 
vergence here with the growing 
feeling that the western world 
too could benefit from more 

•Intermediate or '"low - impact ” 
■technology; and -. fewer massive,- 

riph nniianiring industr ial plants. 

" J the- White Paper also bestows 
official-recognition:on the new 
.truth that- birth, conprol .is hot 
just'a inatrer of_ the increased 
1 . use. of contraceptive devices. It 
Is now accepted .among- students 
of third world problems that an 
increase in' Bring standards and’ 

■ in,- personal economic security 

are prerequisites - of successful 
family planning programmes. In. 
the poorest communities, safety 
is still seen to-lie in numbers of 
children.- - 

T^e'strategy of the new White 
Paper will have a- better chance 
-of success by reason of changes 
in (he countries. Which" harbour 

■ most-of the poverty ;it aims to 
alleviate. For some; time _ the 

"heed to concentrate oh agricul-. 
Cure lias become, the accepted, 
priority~in such countries. More 
important in furthering - the' 
effectiveness of aid is the change 
that' has been noted in south 
Asia- and - elsewhere—a drive, 
-against-corruption. Mrs Gandhi’s 
. new regime in India- has pressed 
•it and has been met by a strong' 
response, from public opinion, 
enough,, it would seem, to shame 
many of the worst offenders. Hie 
same advance marks the new 
administration in Bangladesh. If 
such an impetus can be sus¬ 
tained economic aid for the 
poorest may finally, reach them. 


her the state gets better 
from its tax relief to home 
‘s or from its subsidies to 
il tenants is a perennial 
for inconclusive debate, as 
correspondence columns 
tly showed. The answer 
:ds on the time-scale one 
"lers, and the indirect con- 
nces which one allows for. - 
generally agreed, however, 
*ooth kinds of support fall 
riminately and might be 
helpful to those who need 

-s not easy to rearrange the 
jage" system so as to help 
, who are not well off and 

crucial importance to the indi¬ 
vidual are involved. 

The Housing Centre Trust 
proposes that mortgage tax 

affect buying habits. As the 
trust emphasizes, a great danger 
in the private housing sector is 
that of allowing excessive tax 

relief should be available only .relief- to send prices up: plainly. 

on a “ single annuity principle 
Because the relief related 
to the element of interest 
in the repayments, it declines 
over the ' years as more : and 
more of the capital debt-' is. 

if buyers who already have 
homes are discouraged from 
seeking better ones, those who 
want to buy for the first time 
will have less competition. Bur 
as we have seen recently, if 

Preservation of the 
Oxford Union 

. From Mr Harold Macmillan, FRS 
; Sir. As Chancellor of Oxford Uni¬ 
versity and Chairman of the Oxford 
literary and Debating Union Trust, 
I venture on behalf of my co- 
trustees, Lord Hailsham. of St Mary- 
lebene, Lord Redcliffe-Maud, Mr 
Roy. Jenkins, MP, and Mr Robin 
Day, to make an appeal for this 
Trust whose purpose is to preserve 
the Oxford Union. 

"... The ; Oxford Union is a unique 
institution which has played a vital 
role in British political life for over 
' 150 years. Its preservation is of 
"special value at a time when this 
- country's tradition of civilized and 
good-humoured' debate in the Par¬ 
liamentary manner needs more than 
ever io .be upheld amongst young 
'people in .our universities. The 
union Debate on Europe which was 
-televised -earlier this year was seen 
by a vast audience as an impressive 
example of the Union’s continuing 

.-Unfortunately, id spite of the fact 
-that the Union’s membership has 
greatly increased it finds itself 
-under a load of debt and the neces¬ 
sity of refurbishing its buildings, 
particularly the historic debating 
hall and libraries; ir is also neces¬ 
sary to -provide the admirable staff 
with a proper pension fund. 

On behalf of my co-trustees and 
the many patrons whose names will 
be found in the appeal brochure 
which we are issuing today, I would 
like-to commend the safeguarding 
of this vital part of our national 
tradition both to the 60,000 life 
members of the Oxford Union and 
to. all others interested in its pre- 

Tbis appeal is not only to present 
and immediately past Oxonians ac 
home box to Oxford men in all 
countries, including Rhodes Scholars 
in the* United States, Canada, Aus¬ 
tralia and South Africa. I ask for 
a response which will enable the 
Oxford Union to survive and 
flourish as an essential pert of the 
University's life: 


Frewin Court, 

October 28. 

paid off. But if an owner moves fewer people move to larger Madeod 

bouse, - he receives full relief 
again, usually on. a larger mort¬ 
gage, usually having made scone 
money on the sale of the first 
house as- well. The increased tax 
relief is.a direct encouragement 
hot. to** home ownership biit to 
frequent removals. The trust 

e eltin g to buy a house for .suggests that tax relief on a 

first time. . The device of second or subsequent mortgage 
ing them favourable initial should be allowed only on the 
’meat terms creates the interest that would have been 
er (except in times of un- due if a 25-year mortgage for the 
—hily rapid inflation) that the new amount had been. taken out 
ispondingly higher repay-- at the''flats of the original 
x later on will prove too mortgage: Owners who did not 
"*ous. Limits on the size of move would apt be affected; 
tgage for which tax relief is those who did would usually get 
ilable, like the present ceiling -higher relief, but not as inach as 
£25,000, distort the housing they would today. .... 
ket and mav be made non- . The document does- not 

ket and may be made non- 
-e of by inflation. -• Any 
ige ought to take full account 
5 indirect effects on the mar¬ 
aud be gradual, because 
, long-term commitments of 

houses for any reason, their 
smaller ones do not come on to 
the market, and those that do 
may command high prices. 

One great merit of owner- 
occupation is its flexibility. At 
different stages of life one can 
move to give elbow-room to one’s 
growing family, or to be near a 
new job in a different part of 
the country. Too many writers 
on housing in the public and 
private sectors neglect this vir¬ 
tue. In its welcome for experi¬ 
ments with new methods of 
tenure and its strong disapproval 
forthe destruction of the private 
rented sector, the Housing Centre 
shows that'it is aware of the 
importance" of variety and ease 
of movement. But it does not 

indicate- what funds tbis change ; ; sufficiently examine the question 

might make available for other 
uses. Its effect on the market 
would need study, supposing the 
difference,was great enough to 

whether the advantages of the 
lifetime mortgage outweigh the 
general- diminution of flexibility 
that it might entail. 


I •; P. three ex Presidents? on 
*'**■'taff and another ex Presi- 
reading libel for us on 
esday evenings The Times 
admit to an interest in the 
d Union Society. Apart 
our interest it is clear that 
cford Union is one of those 
ian institutions which has 
ne into decay. The Union 
: which was the highlight 
e referendum campaign 
alone show that. If one 
at contemporary political 
s ex officers of the Oxford 
include most of the best 
speakers in the Cabinet, 
hadow Cabinet and the 
1 leadership. The roll call 
lilsham. Heath, Thorpe, 
s. Foot, Benn, Crosland, 
n-Stevas shows at any rate 
el1 the Oxford Union has 
ts job of training people 
speak in public. The Cam- 
. Union also deserves a 
in the credit for Mr St 
tevas who is probably the 
' : 'eaker on the Conservative 

ays in Africa 

fr Anthony Dune;; 

.^read with interest Mr Roy 
article (October 20) entitled 
tep nearer to the fulfilment' 
ifrican dream ”■—namely toe 
« Cairo railway. But there 
} be certain confusions of 
d place. Sir Harry Johnson 
• Erodes in August 1888, 
-:• \ their, scheme the former 
• .-> *" ! “ sign up everybody souto- 
"" presumably including the 

But the Mahdi bad died 
- ^-and it is not dear from 

;otint Sir Harry was to start 
Jvsrds if from Rhodesia, 

' f Sd have had. 'to go northwards 
’ r , the Mahdi’s successor, the 
in the Sudan. 

, -jf* then learn that “ after 
;■ death his northern 

ii a hne was linked . . . east- 
Lob ho Bay". But tins is 
ilr ; west coast, in - Angola. 

5'--still “after . Rhodes’s 
r ?; (1902)—Kitchener “rook a 
» south of Khartum”.-But he 

« the Sudan in 1900 and the. 

* railway (Khartum to-Wad 
a was not built till 1909. 

«<S. *-vNY W. M. DISNEY, 

**4:a n Political Serviced 
k, Salisbury, 

-tiring imports 

-sjk E. J. Cohn 

Of the familiar features, in 
• ional press are advertise- 
4y importers of foreign -pro- 
>'several types in which these 
are compared in detail .with 
r the advertiser’s competi- 
cluding, of course, tbeir 

Front Bench in the House of 

The question that will be asked 
is whether this institution 
deserves public support. It has 
many things against it. We live 
in a gloomy age'and the Oxford 
Union has never been a gloomy 
institution. We live in an age 
when personal eloquence is sus¬ 
pect; and. the chief purpose of 
the Oxford Union is to train 
people in personal eloquence. 
The Oxford Union puts young 
men on show and still seems 
more "under the influence of Lord 
Birkenhead than of Gladstone. 
It is political, and politics is not 
in fashion. When the Oxford 
Union comes to ask for funds 
there are more sound contem¬ 
porary excuses than can usually 
be found for buttoning our 

Yet the Oxford Union should 
be supported and generously— 
not chiefly for the sake of any 
future Prune Ministers who may 
be preparing' their first paper 
speech this term, but for the sake 

Naturally" the comparison is 
always favourable to the advertiser. 
We are told for example—sometimes 
in great detail—tbar the advertiser’s 
: moior cars are cheaper than those. 

. "of A, B, C and D, that tbeir fuel 
consumption is lower, that they .in- 
corporate safety measures which 
none of A; B, C or 0’s cars possess 
and that on their resale a higher 
selling price can .be obtained than 
from these other cars. one - 
-respect-in which British firms are 
plated at a disadvantage: they can¬ 
not . use similar “ comparative 
propaganda 1 ? in' the press of the 
foreign importers’ own country, in _ 
order to extend the export of tbeir 
products, to the competitors’ 
country. - • 

In; many, if not in most, western 
European- countries such compara¬ 
tive. propaganda is considered as 
illegaL. Newspapers or other journals 
- would not accept advertisements of 
this 1 type. In France, Germany and 
Italy-—to .mention only three of the 
member states-of the EEC-Com¬ 
parative propaganda of the type in 
question is treated as a form or 
unfair competition, and conse- 
quently forbidden. 

This prohibition is believed to be 
justified because every procfu« 
possesses features that may be ad¬ 
vantageous and others that may oe 
less so. Comparative propaganda 
stresses only'toe former and under 
the cover .of what is made to appear 
as a wholly objective picture gives, 
in .fact one that may be grossly 
biased. The courts in ail ■■ 

countries have -therefore held tfiat 
comparative propaganda is unlawful. 
This is so even ff all the facts set 
out in the advertisements are en¬ 
tirely true- 

The French and Italian courts 
consider it—even in this rase—as 
a form of denigration of the com-. 

of the ordinary undergraduates 
who will learn there toe inestim¬ 
able advantage of being able to 
speak in public with a reasonable 
degree of confidence, with suffi¬ 
cient lucidity and with some 
power to persuade. In the prac¬ 
tical business of life, in teaching, 
in the law courts, in committees, 
in board rooms,- in making busi¬ 
ness sales as well as in toe more 
exotic worlds of television or toe 
House of Commons, a good com¬ 
mand of spoken English is of 
more value-than many a first- 
class honours degree. That this 
important subject has been 
taught with brilliant success by 
undergraduates to under¬ 
graduates, without recourse to 
professors of speech or toe Uni¬ 
versity Grants Committee, is 
something from which British 
life has greatly benefited. A few 
pounds given to reestablish toe 
Oxford Union financially may 
well do more for toe advance¬ 
ment of British education than 
much larger sums spent in other 

peri tor, which cannot be permitted 
by law. Tbis prohibition of compara¬ 
tive propaganda is not a new devel¬ 
opment. Nor has it required legis¬ 
lative action: the courts have in 
these three countries deduced the 
nile during the -course of the last 
30 to 40 years from the general 
principles of law on unfair compe¬ 

It .applies, of course, generally: 
French- firms are permitted to 
advertise comparative propaganda in 
France for the sake of competition 
with French firms as little as when 
competing. with German, British or 
Japanese firms. 

English .courts may not possess 
toe same freedom of action. If so, 
woold it not be imperative that steps 
should be taken without delay to 
stop practices which over most of 
western Europe are _ considered as 
unfair and which .in view of the legal 
position in' the major European 
countries work to the 'advantage of 
the importers of foreign goods into 
Britain, while placing the exporters 
of British goods at a disadvantage ? 
Yours faithfully, 

E. J. COHN. 

5 New Square, 

Lincoln’s Inn, WC2. 

Mr Slaters fall 

From Mr Goronwy Rees 
Sir, Should we really take The Way 
,We Live Now a s a guide to the rise 
and fall of Slater (The Times, 
October 27)? If so, any reader of 
-the book, who is also an' investor in 
Slater, Walker, will conclude that 
his only wise course is. to sell all 
Ws shares immediately, before 
worse befall him. 

Yours sincerely, 


5 Strand-on-toe*Green, W4. 

From Lady Macleod of Boroe 
Sir, On page 32 of the recently 
published Cecil King Diary 1970* 
1974 Mr King states that my late 
husband died of cancer. 

There is not a word of truth in 
this story. I am deeply hurt that 
Mr King should seek to infer that 
both I and toe doctors could 
possibly have allowed my busband 
to fight toe 1970 election if he was 
gravely *11. 

The fabrication of this story and 
toe fact that a public figure should 
print it without taking any steps 
to check toe facts is completely 
irresponsible and painful to his 
family and toe medical profession 
who took such-good care of him. 

I hope that'Mr King will seek 
toe hospitality of your columns to 
make a full.withdrawal and apology. 
Yours faithfully, 


House of Lords. 

October 28. 

Prison control units 

From Lord Brockway 
Sir, May I refer to two subjects 
discussed in your correspondence 
columns on Friday (October 24) ? 

The first was raised by Dr 
Malcolm Lader and other influen¬ 
tial psychologists in their letter on 
prison control units. I am appalled 
by toe solitary confinement for 
90 days imposed upon “ trouble 
makers” in prison. I was confined 
to solitary confinement for eight 
months in 1918 to 1919 and I have 
little doubt it would have made me 
insane except that De Valera and 
his fellow detainees smuggled news¬ 
papers io me. 

This links up with toe second 
subject on conscientious objectors 
discussed by Kenneth Mellanby. It 
is impossible for any libertarian to 
I accept toe. limitation of toe Con¬ 
science Clause in the Government’s 
Industrial Relations Act to religious 
I objectors. I took toe test case ia 
, toe First World War and gained 
acceptance of the view that con¬ 
science could be motivated by other 
I convictions than religion. We have 
retreated now in the restriction 

I must add a confession. In toe 
House of Lords by mistake I voted 
against toe Liberal amendment 
widening toe scope of conscience. 
My conscience has been troubled 
ever since I 


House of Lords. 

October 24. 

From Mr A. J. Craig Harvey 
Sir, I read toe letter of October 24 
from Dr Lader aud others regarding 
the control unit in one of HM 

Have Dr Lader and his associates 
ever been responsible personally 
for dealing with a persistent and 
-violent trouble-maker ? 

I am. Sir, yours faithfully, 


Lainsron House, 
near Winchester. 

October 28. 

Eye tests on kittens 

From Mrs Coralie D. Bell 
Sir. My live grandson of 9 months 
who had a squint, had his eyes 
manipulated, possibly rotated, a 
few weeks ago, and the result is 
magical, and caused him little pain. 
Now he has oo squint and will 
soon be perfectly normal. 

1 wonder if toe members of the 
Anti-Vivisection Society, who com¬ 
plain about experiments on the eyes 
of kittens, would do so if they had* 
babies who had benefited so 
wonderfully from toe brilliance of 
surgeons who have learnt so much 
from similar experiments ? Would 
they have these experiments carried 
out on the eyes of tbeir children 
and grand chi] area ? 

Personally, I am deeply grateful 

to Dr- Blakemore and the kittens. 
Yours faithfully, 


Bradfield House, 



Devolution and regional rights 

From Mr David Green pander to its nan 

Sir, Until now, with their eyes «"»«** 

firmly on toe 46 million or so in Ie jf 

toe urban trunk of England, West- 

minster and Whitehall have been *?" 

able to ignore pressure for devolu- . ^5— 

rion from the periphery of toe ^ 

United Kingdom. While there has ™staoces. 

always been a cultural and political ~ H”* r ng -~ ^ ‘‘fj 

rase for devolution—if only to 

secure toe same efficiency in our '£ es ”£, 

democratic machinery as Germany “J. ““ « 

derives from its land governments 

—economic as well as political 

power has rested with toe industrial 

urban majority, and with toe hope- lulr^,n'ifw 

lessly congested and insensitive 

decision making processes of West- 

minster and Whitehall. ’ 

Country are predominantly com- 
modky producers, and toe avail- “* J“£ 

ability of cheap commodities on toe jjjf „f mi -i 

world market madTsubsidy from £• of 

the industrial areas of England an 
inevitable price of political stability. Xa ™ 

Such subsidy however has never 

been sufficient to raise their living yr Harding, 

standards to the levels enjoyed in 9 asde _ Mt ” 32 f’j 
England. Near Haverfordwe 

In toe past five years there has Pembrokeshire, 
been a radical and permanent shift 
in economic power from toe indus- From Mr Terence 
trial to the commodity producer, c^. The debate 
The immediate internal response of ^ * c j ie executive 
the national govern mem has been functions of gove 
ro attempt to sustain, by political ^ concerae d only 
and economic manipulation, that rion of po wer m 
wh!to can no longer be sustained blies _ T he Prime 
by the subtle play of market forces. nounc(!d that toe 

Regardless of medium and long- devo]ution wi u b e 
term damage to indigenous food -j,. nfi _ f ew we . 
. the farmers of toe 

periphery, in toe interest of the tion ^ T ind 

industnd consumer, have been j,. Brecenr state 
denied toe benefits of EEC agri- OSTS 
cultural policy, although toose of J* Tindeman: 
industrial policies have been famine the rate 
immediately available. The main pSSSfent and w 

i “ J ” de rccomme 

raSTfcr" 1 the^maS 

benefit of the industrial rather than jL ease Q e oow-rs 
toe producing regions. EEC regional ar]d ^ d 
grants are to be taken into toe d - e]ect S. y 
national exchequer to replace rather Almost by chan 
than supplement existing made- w ermine ter Par 

quate regional investment. Water is ^ h . 

still being taken for toe benefit of rm^erni 

the dries of England without any goveraa 

continuing return to the commum- JiILj ri^in- , 
ties that Lee lost agriculreral aod J 

other production from inundated f 5 V, - 

areas. a ““-T ^ ea ^ prai 

of The outcome is"?. 

pe V W f hS“hld g ™oSn 't “ 

the same criterion for local govern- ^ 

meat reorganization—units of 2, s 5 

250.000 population—as. may have European level. JV 

made some sense in urban England. ^e jti scussions wil 

We have counties that take longer interrelated and tl 

ro traverse than does-toe distance s.ons.a ra coti eren 

from Manchester to London. ceptable form to t 

These things could not have hap- Singly the rep 
pened bad there been effective constitutional sign 
devolution of political power. Even {-“7 c ? n p , roV] 2® 1 
urban England cannot, in toe long blueprint for toe 
term, afford toe political and econo- cracy in this coun 
mic reactions that they are produc- Yours faitmuJly, 
ing any more than it can afford TERENCE BISHO 

toe absolute right to deploy the Senior Common R 

resources of toe whole Kingdom Commonwealth Hi 

resting with governments that Cartwright Gardec 

University elitism 

From Professor Jerome Bruner 
Sir. Mr Peter Scott (October 21) 
suggests that toe financial im¬ 
poverishment of British universities 
might be remedied by a “pecking 
order ” based on “ excellence . 
Scarce resources would be allocated 
in salaries and grants according to 
institutional excellence: "Oxford. 
Cambridge, Edinburgh ..." to cor¬ 
respond - to “ Harvard, Berkeley^., 
MIT, Stanford ..." in the United 
States. “The American pecking 
order”, he states, “is decided by 
toe collective judgment of toose in 
higher education not by civil ser¬ 
vants. . . .” 

I am now entering my fourto'year 
of teaching at Oxford after more 
than 20 at Harvard. From that 
vantage point, Mr Scott’s argument 
seems not only wrong, but altogether 
out of toe spirit that animates 
British university life. For one 
thing, toe American “ pecking 
order” is based not upon academic 
consensus but upon marker forces. 
It is a. “star system " in which, in 
many institutions, salary is deter¬ 
mined by toe offers a lecturer gets 
from elsewhere.^ Salaries ..are 
adjusted by bargaining power, and 
that in turn may vary widely _bv 
virtue of toe sub-speciality in which 
a scholar happens to be working. 
If pbysics is all the rage in terms 
of the competition for staff, phy¬ 
sicists will get more, classicists less. 
(Harvard is a striking exception to 
this rule though always in peril.) 

Mr Scott laments that in these 
times of retrenchment in Britain, 

Zionism and the UN 

From Mr George Mandel_ 

Sir, According to Mr C. J. Walker 
the central point at issue about 
Zionism is that it is not a 
“ universalizable political philo¬ 
sophy” (letter, October 25). Those 
who condemned it recently at the 
United Natiods claim to believe in 
the right of nations to self-deter¬ 
mination. Can this be railed a 
“ universalizable 'philosophy ** if. as 
is apparently the case, the Jews 
have to be excluded ? 

Yours faithfully, 


13 Myrtle Close, 

Long Hanborough, Oxford.' 

From Mr Sidney L. Shipton 
Sir, Mr Bernard Levin, I am sure, 
does nar need to be defended 
against Mr Christopher Mayhew’s 
strictures by anyone, but bis letter 
(October 27) certainly seems 
extremely odd, particularly as be 
skilfully sidesteps the major 
issues, out then perhaps he is guilty 
oF Bulgarian humbug rather than 
Mr Levin. It would be futile to 
repeat in detail Mr Levin’s article 
entitled H Indecent spectacle of 
tyrants condemning tyranny at the 
United Nations The article gives 
chapter and verse in detail wbich 
Mr Mayhew does not even attempt 
ro respond to (possibly because 
there is no response possible). Per¬ 
haps one could quote The New York 
Times Editorial headed “Cynical 
diplomacy ” in which it is suggested 
that one “should listen well to the 
critical arguments of Barbados, or 
Sierra Leone or Zambia, countries 
where sensitivities tD true racism 
are only insulted by the false com¬ 
parison with the political ideology 
of Zionism”. 

But the real issue is not merely 
a defence of ‘Zionism. The real 

pander to ils narrow ephemeral in¬ 
terests as if there were no tomorrow. 
It is now essential, economically as 
well as politically; that tbe regions 
of toe United Kingdom should have 
their own democratic institutions 
to articulate their own individual 

If this right, against all historical 
precedent, is not generously con¬ 
ceded by Westminster and White¬ 
hall, then it will be taken. For 
there is little but cynicism left for 
our lauded political system when it 
is seen in practice to result io tbe 
retention of an electoral system 
that is manifestly undemocratic; an 
economic imbalance that is at vari¬ 
ance with reality; and a concentra¬ 
tion of political power in so few 
hands that they cannot properly 
use it. and in consequence entrust 
the interprarction of their will, and 
the fortunes of millions, to insulated 

Yours faithfully, 


Rhyd yr Harding, 

Castle Morris, 

Near Haverfordwest, 


From Mr Terence Bishop 
Sir, The debate cm the allocation 
of the executive and legislative 
functions of government must not 
be concerned only with toe devolu¬ 
tion of power to regional assem¬ 
blies. The Prime Minister has an¬ 
nounced thar toe White Paper on 
devolution will be introduced witbin 
the next few weeks. Tbis will be 
followed soon after by toe publica¬ 
tion of the Tindemans report on 
toe present state and future deve¬ 
lopment of the European Commu¬ 
nity. Tindemans will certairTjy 
examine toe role of the European 
Parliament and will most probably 
include recommendations on the 
strengthening of tbe processes ot 
democratic control throuen the in¬ 
crease of powers to the Parliament 
and toe speedy introduction ot 
direct elections. 

Almost by chance, therefore, the 
Westminster Parliament will be 
faced with the need to examine 
proposals concerning the future pat¬ 
tern of government within the 
United Kingdom at tbe same time 
as it will be called upon to discuss 
a major reappraisal of the struc¬ 
ture of the European Community. 
The outcome is certain to be a sig¬ 
nificant devolution to lower levels 
of government and the assignment 
or transfer of some powers .to a 
European level. May we hope that 
toe discussions will be thorough and 
interrelated and that toe final deci¬ 
sions are coherent and put in ac¬ 
ceptable form to toe people. 

Singly the reports have major 
constitutional significance, together 
they ran provide an. unprecedented 
blueprint for toe future of demo¬ 
cracy in this country. 

Yours faithfully, 


Senior Common Room, 
Commonwealth Hall. 

Cartwright Gardens, WC1. 

new fields are ignored and the 
established ones sustained. In toe 
American system, market forces are 
such that “popular” fields are 
nourished to the detriment of toe 
less glamorous if more solid enter¬ 
prises. Are “Black Studies” and 
“ The Women’s Movement ” that 
much more important than classics 
to have warranted tbe cosseting of 
the former and tbe neglect of tbe 
latter in America? And does Mr 
;;Scott _reg]ly believe that “Washing- 
~torTbureaucrats ” and the power of 
the public purse were not crucial 
in the decision to support one but 
not the otber ? 

Academic standards vary far 
less from prestigious university to 
ordinary provincial, here in Britain 
toon in America. And that is thanks 
to the admirable stabilizer of the 
UGC. There is already a de facto 
research grant discrimination in 
favour of the great centers:, those 
who have will indeed be given. 
Fortunately it is hot 
salaries or grants to students in any 
significant way. 

Personally. I find _ it altogether 
more congenial to be in a university 
system free of salary bickering and 
- bargaining. That spirit is essential 
ro British university morale. What 
Britain does not need more of and 
what its universities need less of is 
“ pecking orders 
Yours, etc, 

i Watts Professor of Psychology, 
University of Oxford, 

Department of Experimental 

South Parks Road, Oxford. 

issue is toe defence of the United 
Nations as an instrument of peace, 
morality and justice. The hypocrisy 
and cynicism which has given rise 
to toe so called Social, Humani¬ 
tarian and Cultural Committee of 
tbe United Nations equating 
Zionism with racism can only 
damage the concept of rhe United 
Nations and all ft was meant to 
stand for. 

Yours faithfully, 


The Zionist Federation of Great 
Britain and Ireland, 

Rex House, 

4/12 Regent Street, SW1. 

October 27. 

From Mr R. G. Collins 
Sir, No doubt most of us, including 
the Government, would join Miss 
Iris Murdoch- -and condemn tbe 
“ racist ” castigations of Third World . 
majorities in the United Nations 
against Zionism. And yet I wonder 
what kind of supnort Israel can 
really expect to find bere in Britain 
these days. 

Multi-million pound trade deals 
with Arab nations proliferate, so 
tnomenrarijy we recapture our 
vision of a reflated economy and 
even a healthy balance of trade. But 
when the next round of rhe Arab 
Israeli conflict begins, wbar will the 
implications of all tbis be ? 

Is there any doubt which way thr 
present Government would turn ? 
Presumably the silent majority of 
our economically self-interested 
electorate would lend tacit approval 
to the pro-Arab' stance of dumb 

We have yet to see bow mighty 
in its effects is the “ oil weapon 
Yours faithfully, 


38 Crown Street, 



Lords decision on- 
law of rape 

From Professor GUmvUIe Williams, 

Sir, Lord Charley (October 24) sup¬ 
poses chat tbe rase in which Miss 
Huey was the complaining wimtesS 
turned on toe man’s mistaken belief 
in consent. Since this case is being 
used in an attempt to discredit the 
decision of iHa House of Lord s to 
Morgan, it is important to say that, 
according to my information, it 
turned on rhe much commoner 
issue of actual consent, and there¬ 
fore, as I fp rid in my previous letter, 
toe decision of toe Lords had noto- 
ing to do with it. 

There is now a tendency to sup¬ 
pose chat any acquittal in a rape 
case is a consequence of toe rule 
laid down by toe Lords. But there 
always bas been a hig h proportion 
of acquittals on this charge. The 
Cambridge study published in 1957 
found to at in toe sample studied 
47 per cent of the men charged, 
with rape were acquitted. Nor must 
it be supposed that these acquittals 
are generally unreasonable. When 
one calks to toose professionally 
concerned in a rape case resulting 
in an acquittal, the opinion almost 
invariably expressed is that ibe 
acquittal was right on toe facts, 

It is a misapprehension to say, 
as Lord Cborley does, that the deci¬ 
sion in Morgan changed toe law. 
Before ix there was no appellate- 
pronouncement in this country- on 
whether toe man’s mistaken belief 
in consent had to be reasonable.. No 
doubt some judges directed juries 
that it had ro be. But I doubt that! 
the practice was common; other¬ 
wise there would have been an 
apnead before now. 

Tbe judges and practitioners 
with whom I have spoken say that 
toe regular practice was to ask the 
jury three questions: Did the man 
have sexual intercourse with toe 
complainant ? If yes, did she Con¬ 
sent? If she did not, did he know 
this ? This is the direction approved 
in Morgan. No one has shown that 
any failure of justice has resulted 
from k. 

It is misleading to the general 
public to say simply that Morgan’s 
case derides that the unreasonable¬ 
ness of toe man’s belief in ccnsfiat 
is irrelevant. 

(lj Tbe House of Lords empha¬ 
sised that the man is guilty not only 
if be knows that toe woman is not 
consenting but also if he realises 
tbe possibility that she is not and 
takes no steps to ascertain toe 
truth, as be could easily do; this 
point had not been established 

(2) It is open to toe judge to 
tell toe jury that they can take too 
unreasonableness- of toe alleged 
belief into account in deciding 
whether it was in fact held. 

(3) Tbe law is toat if toe man 
knows that the woman is acting 
under intimidation, he automatic¬ 
ally knows toat she does not 

(4) Where, as was alleged in 
Morgan’s case, a third party (such 
as the woman’s busband) has prac¬ 
tised a fraud on toe m an, making 
him believe toat the woman was 
consenting when in fact she tvas 
intimidated, the third party can, 
according to a later decision of the 
Court of Appeal, be convicted as 
accessory to rape even though the 
man is acquitted, so toe situation 
will- not go without legal redress: 
the real culprit wiU be punished, 
while toe man whom toe jury have 
found to be morally innocent \vill 
go free. Da the critics of Morgan 
really want innocent men to be 
punished ? 

Yours faithfully, 

GLANVILLE williams, 

M err ion Gate, 

Gazeley Road, 

Cambridge. " ' 

October 27. 

Nationalized industry 

From Mr Yorick Blumenfeld 1 
Sir, It seems rather extraordinary 
toat when the Chancellor of toe 
Exchequer is urging British industry 
to become orientated towards high 
output 3nd rapid turnover, the 
nationalized industries should 
following toe opposite course. 
British Rail, For example, keeps" on 
pushiag up its prices, even though 
it is losing passengers in toe pro¬ 
cess. Tbe idea is to make less of 
a loss on reduced services ard 
higher prices. Is not It time the 
nationalized industries took heed of 
the Chancellor’s advice ? 

Sincerely yours. 


Cedar House, 

Grantch ester, 


Payment of pensions 

From Mr C. M. Bartow 
Sir, I am even more puzzled than 
Mr Porges (October 23), for I 
receive pensions from two govern¬ 
ment. offices. The first says that it 
cannot make payments direct to a 
bank; toe second finds do difficulty 
ia doing so, and toe regular arrival 
of that second pension is notified 
to me by my bank by means of toe 
equivalent of a dividend counterfoil. 
The system works admirably. 

Yours faithfully, 


Norman Corner, 

Kingsgate Road, 


October 23. i 

Keeping tinned food 

From Mr Oliver Smedley 
Sir, Last year I went to Salt Lake 
City to find out what the greatest 
of all the survivors, namely the 
Mormons, were doing about stor¬ 
ing food. I found that they had 
perfected methods of keeping com¬ 
plete diets in dehydrated form in 
nirrovac tins, with a shelf life of 
20 years or more. 

I believe tbese products are now 
available in London and in view 
of the rate at which food prices 
are now rising might be considered 
one of the best of all long-term 
anti-inflation hedges. 

Your? faithfully, 

The Anti Dear Food Campaign'. 
Neville House, 

Wendens Ambo, 

Saffron Walden, - 


•r»:a Mato Mart i&3S"S5 

iamSZ.'V7*“ , y comnaF - 

ggg? wqaelaa to 

opefifies avm^Iqui “aflowj. 





ROqcingham palace 
O ctober 29 : The Quceo held an 
Investiture at Buckingham Palace 
this morning. 

The Queen and The Duke of 
Edinburgh this evening visited the 
" World of Franklin and Jeffer¬ 
son ” Exhibition at the British 

Having been received upon 
arrival by the Mayor of Camden 
iCouadUor Bernard Tayluri and 
the Chairman of the Trustees of 
• be British Museum t the Lord 
Trevelyan i. Her Majesty and His 
Roval Highness were conducted 
through the Exhibition by His 
Excellency the United States 
Ambassador and Mrs Richardson. 

The Countess of Air lie, Mr 
WflLtam Heseltine and Captain 
Robert Cazcnove were In attend¬ 

The Duke of Edinburgh, as 
Honorary Colonel of the former 
Leicestershire and Derbyshire 
Vccunanry (Prince Albert’s Own), 
today visited the Leicestershire 
and Derbyshire Yeomanry Squad¬ 
ron of the 7:h »Volunteer) Bat¬ 
talion. The Royal Anglian Regi¬ 
ment at Branford. 

Kis Royal Highness travelled in 
an aircraft of The Queea’s Flight. 

Major Henry Hugh-Smith was 
in attendance. 

The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark 
Phillips and Captain Mark Phillips 
this, evening attended the Finals 
of the World Cup for Gymnastics 
at the Empire Pool, Wembley. 

Major Benjamin Herman. RM, 
and Miss Rowena Brasscy were in 

By command of The Queen, the 
Lord Hamilton of Dalzell (Lord 
in Watting) was present at Heath¬ 
row Airport. London, this after¬ 
noon upon the departure of The 
Governor-General of Trinidad and 
Tobago and Lady Clarke and bade 
farewell to Their Excellencies on 
behalf of Her Majesty. 

October 29: Princes* Alice. 
Duchess of Gloucester this after¬ 
noon received purses at the 
Founder's Dav Festival of rhe 
Church of England Children's 
Society at the Royal .Albert Hall. 

Miss Jean Maxtveil-Scott was in 


October 29: The Duke of Kcrtr, 
Colonel Scots Guards, this morning 
visited the Regimental Head¬ 
quarters at Bloomsburv Court, 
HWh Holbom. 

Captain Peter Le Marchand was 
in attendance. 


The Duke of Edinburgh is to be 
an honorary’ member of the Rotary 
Club of London. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother 
yesterday visited the Fleur Cowles 
exhibition of paintings at the 
Partridge Fine -Arts Gallery. 14* 
New Bond Street, London. Wl. 
The Duchess of Kent will visit 
l he social services home for old 
people at FuJford on November 
12. and later open Peasholme 
House for the York Civic Trust, 
of which she is patron. 

Birthdays today 

General Sir Ronald A dam. 90: 
Sir John Field. 62 ; Sir Henry 
Husband. 67 ; Sir Kenneth Hut¬ 
chison, 72; Sir Ian Macicnnan, 

Welbeck College 

The Ministry of Defence 
announces the following su-vcsiful 
applicants for entry to Welbeck 
College in January. 

F. G. Alder. D?it»n>uqh S: M. tl. 

Armjlrtjno. Apiilrmorc s. Soirii-amn- 

'on: B. P. ,'.vt*on. Klnq James v s. 
K'narc^borough; N J. Rurch. Hamvlrn 
S. OrpingIon: M. >;iews. Tooihlil 
■'nwip S W. P. Ctiupland. Drlf/leM S: 
H. D Dyson. Bramluicr S A. 5 Fn;». 
Holyhead CS S: ». J Froth. Blun- 
rteirs S; A J. Heaney. Helper HS: 

R. Hell. 11' Killin'-'* rtS 0. C.. HUOlie*. 
K Edm-ard VI Camp Hill S: »*■ It- 
Lev-land. Martha Iswick S: G. J. 
McN«il. U'oodiami HS: 5. J. MIKhell. 
nriee * c. 

A. D. Ennilth M.mvr's 
i.onip S. Hartlepool: C.. R. Prince. 
U Hulnie's r,S: n. Reeves. Sirairord 

S. U'mdnn: T D. Seymour. Tonvreiail 
comp 5: N. T. Spilth. Rcndcnmb C.; 
tt. A Tiffin, Westfield Comp S. Yeo- 
vtl: K. K. Whlital;er. MrLari-n HS 
A. n. Wave. K H rhard-s S. OhekalLi 
A. H. Wilkins. .vtorri'on's Ac: K. P, 
Williamson, ilarlion le Willows Comp 
S>. M. T. Wilson. Glasgow Ac. 

Mr G. Cunningham 
and Miss C. Marfan** 

The engagement « announced 
between Glenn, son of Mr and 
Mrs J- Cunxuogha m ' of Walsall, 
and Katy, youngest daughter of 
Mr and Mrs W. K. MacFarlanc, 
of Haslcmere. 

Dr J. R. Drcwer 
and Miss J. C. Horrcll 
The cngaiement Is annonneed 
between John Robert, son of Dr 
and Mrs R- W. Drcwer, of 46 
Rockingham Road, Manna mead. 
Plymouth, and jndith Carolyn, 
daughter of Mr and Mrs J. R. 
Horrcll, of The Grove, Long- 
tliorpc, Peterborough. 

Dr A. L O. McLean 
and Miss J- M. Collis 
The engagement is annonneed 
between Andrew, younger son of 
Mr and Mrs Ruari McLean, of 
Eraomrigg, Dollar, Scotland, and 
Mary, elder daughter of Mr and 
Mrs London Collis. of 35 Princes 
Drive, ’ Littieover, Derby. 

Mr D. N. MacLean Watt 
and Miss P. J. S. Abrams 
The engagement is announced 
herwceo David Norman, son of 
Mrs G. MacLean Watt, of Lang- 
hara Mansions, Earls Court 
Square, London, and the late Hec¬ 
tor MacLean Watt (Sudan Politi¬ 
cal Service), and Philippa, 
daughter of Group Captain and 
Mrs W. G. Abrams, of Fitzjames 
Avenue. London. 

Mr G. C. W. Morris 
and Miss P. ML Murray 
The marriage will take place 
shortly of Gareth Morris, of 4 
Alwyae Place, Canon bury. Lon¬ 
don. Nl. and Trista, youngesr 
daughter of Mr and Mrs N. S. 
Murray, of 23 Riverside Gardens, 
Roazscy, Hampshire. 

Mr C. D. Stockwcll 
and MLss P. J. Balfour 
The engagement is annonneed 
between Christopher Derek, son of 
the Rev* D. H. and Mrs Stockwell. 
of Arkley, Hertfordshire, and 
Philadelphia Jane, twin daughter 
of Mr and Mrs N. R. Batfocr. of 
Ashley Gardens, London, S-W-I. 


Mr H. C. Clifford-Turner 
and Miss E. Davies 
The marriage took place yesterday 
at St Michael’s, Chester' Square, 
of Mr Harry Charles Cllfford- 
Turner. only son of Mr and Mrs 
Raymond Clifford-Turner. of 
Cbildown. Longcross. Surrey, and 
Miss Elizabeth Davies, younger 
daughter of Mrs Pbvllis Davies, 
of Roath. Cardiff. The Rev G. 
Baynes Clarke officiated. 

The bride, who was given In 
marriage by her brother, Mr Peter 
Davies, was attended by Caroline 
and Dare Hughes, Sasha Berry 
and Rory Stormonth-Darling. Mr 
Derek Green was best man. 

A reception was held at 28 
Eaton Terrace, and the honey¬ 
moon Is being spent abroad. 

Remembrance Day 

Birdcage Walk and Horse Guards 
Approach Road will he closed to 
traffic until after i pm on 
November 9 because of the 
Remembrance Day ceremony. They 
will be closed again between 3 pm 
and 4.30 pm when the Welsh 
Guards Comrades Association will 
march from Wellington Barracks to 
hold a ceremonv at the Guards 
Division Memorial no the Horse 
Guards Approach Road. Parking 
facilities on Birdcage Walk will be 
withdrawn during those periods. 

25 years ago 

From The Times of Monday, 
October 30, 1950 

42-year reign 

From Our Correspondent 
Stockholm. Oct 29.—King Gustav 
V died here today at the age oF 
92. He had reigned for 42 years U 

Crown Prince Gustav Adolf, who 
is aged 67, becomes the new 
Swedish King—Gustav VI. His 
Queen is the former Lady Louise 
Mount batten .... The title of 
Crown Prince passes to the new 
King's fnur-ycar-oid grandson, 
Prince Carl Gustav. His eldest son. 
Prince Carl Gustav’s father. Prince 
Gustav .Adolf, was killed in an air 
accident in 1947. 

King Gustav V broke a tradition 
of a coronation and it is unlikery 
that his son will be crowned. An 
installation ceremony will be held 
at noon on Monday. 




Mr Clive Dunn, of “ Dad’s Army ”, with the insignia of an OBE at Buck¬ 
ingham Palace yesterday. With him are his wife. Miss Priscilla 
Morgan, the actress, and his mother, Mrs Connie Dunn, aged 86. 

Film presents 1975 image 
of Royal British Legion 

By Robert Parker 
The Royal British Legion is 
anxious to show that It is as much 
concerned witb the troops in 
Northern Ireland today as with 
old soldiers exchanging stories of 
the First World War. 

Its £20,000 film, narrated by the 
Prince of Wales, was given a press 
preview yesterday. It will he 
screened on independent television 
on November 9, to coincide with 
the Poppy Day appeal. 

The legion hopes it will help to 
raise money and bring in new, 
younger recruits. 

General Sir Charles Jones, presi¬ 
dent of the organization, said 
yesterday that it was deeply in¬ 
volved with the soldiers who were 
victims of the Northern Ireland 
troubles and their dependants. 

“ We are trying to get away 
from the flag-waving image which 
is symbolized by the poppy ", Sir 
Charles said. “ We want to show 
that the Royal British Legion, is 
as relevant today as it has ever 

The film. One dap in November , 
showed how the youth of today 
were involved in legion activities, 
helping to cany on the tradition 
of service. Sir Charles said. 

Most people, he added, regarded 
the legion in the same way as the 
Prince of Wales confesses to in 
the film. Before he did some 
research he thought they were 
something to do with Old Con- 

Many examples of the legion’s 
work arc given. It Is the biggest 
private employer of disabled 
labour; it is one of the biggest 
private housing associations in 
the country; its taxi school has 
trained almost a third of London 
cab drivers. 

Last year the legion was in¬ 
volved in more than 59,000 nego¬ 
tiations for grants and pensions. 
It has also taken uo cases oF 
soldiers so badly injured bv 
bombs that they have had to be 

The legion needs to raise at 
least E2.Sm to cover its costs be¬ 
cause of inflation. 


Multiple Sclerosis Society 
Lord Goodman was the guest 
speaker at the autumn luncheon 
of rhe Multiple Sclerosis Society 
held at the Savoy Hotel yesterday. 

Service luncheon 

Officer Prisoners of War (1914-18) 
The annual reunion of Officer 
Prisoners of War (1914-13) Dining 
Club was held at the Royal Air 
Force Club, Piccadilly, yesterday. 
Mr V. C. Coombs Jhbn secre¬ 
tary) was In the chair, and Group 
Captain F. W. Wintcrbotham was 
a guest. 

W oolmen's Company 
Tbe Woolmen’s Company held 
their livery dinner at Painters' Hall 
last night. The master. Mr Leslie 
Canham, presided. Mr Arthur 
Hammond, SB* Stanley Morton and 
Mr Peter J. Walker also spoke. 
Other guests included : 

Lard Porrm. Sir Alcx.uulcr Downer, thr 
M»l«r» of I he Clothworhf'rt' and 
Pdtnicr-StalnerV Com ponies and at the 
Incorporation ol Wravors. and 

£39,400 paid for 
hoard of silver 

Mr Alan Holmes, aged 28, a 
Peterborough engineer, has been 
paid £39.400 by the British 
Museum for 28 pieces of early 
Christian silver which be dis¬ 
covered on the site of a Roman 
town at Waternewtod near his 
home four Arts Reporter writes). 

When Mr Holmes found them be 
put them in his garden shed, 
thi nkin g they were lead. A 
coroner's inquest decided that the 
hoard was treasure trove. 

Scientific Instrument 
Makers’ Company 

At a court meeting of the Scien¬ 
tific Instrument Makers' Company 
held ac Tallow Chandlers' Hail 
yesterday evening, Mr William 
Logan was admitted to the office 
of Master. Dr £. D. Barlow as 
Senior Warden, and Mr D. Ran¬ 
dolph as Junior Warden. 


Royal Thames Yacht Club 
Mr John L. Maddocks, vice- 
commodore, was in the chair at 
the annual general-meeting of the 
Royal Thames Yacht Club held at 
60 Kfliglitsbridge yesterday even¬ 
ing. Admiral of the Fleet Ear! 
Mountbatten of Burma was 
reelected Admiral of the Cumber¬ 
land Fleet, tbe Prince of Wales was 
reelected commodore, Mr J. L. 
Maddocks was reelected viee- 

Fuiiofs .ind Shn.irmen .of*’ cv/mt and j commodore and Mr J. 0. Prentice 

rear-commodore. Mr I. G. Butler 
was elected a rear-commodore to 
succeed Mr John Vernon. 



The Royal Town Planning Insti¬ 
tute held a reception last evening 
after tbe inaugural address by the 
president. Mr Ewart Parkinson. 
Mr David Lock, of The Town and 
Countrv Planning Association, 


Lady Mayoress 

Tbe Lord Mayor, accompanied by 
the Sheriffs and the Swordbcarer. 
entertained die Master, Wardens 
and members of the court of the 
Fruiterers' Company at dinner at 
the Mansion House ' yesterday 

■tin chairman or ihc British Wool Con- 
fedora lion. 

Royal Institution of Chartered 

Tbe building surveyors division. 
Royal Institution of Chartered 
Surveyors held a dinner last nigbt 
ar the Hotel Russell. The presi¬ 
dent of the division, Mr Donald 
Ensom, was in the chair, and 
other speakers included Lord 
Kenilworth and the Dean of Guild- 

Faculty of Architects and 

The Faculty of Architects and 
Surveyors held a dinner last night 
at Innholders' Hall. Mr Philip 
Coodhew was in the chair and Sir 
Hugh Wilson and Mr L. W. 
Phillips also spoke. 

East India Sports and Public 
Schools Club 

Sir Kenneth Hutchison was the 
guest of honour at a house Dinner 
of the East India Sports and Public 
Schools Club last evening. The 
club chairman, Mr Ralph S. 
Eromhcad. presided. 

Fraoco-Eritish Society 
Lord Duncan-Sandvs 


Marquess of Lansdowne were 
hosts lasr night at a dinner given 
•by the Franco-British Council and 
the Franco-British Society at Gold¬ 
smiths' Hail in honour of French 
Civil Servants. Lord Fulton was 
the guest speaker, and the Am¬ 
bassador of France was among 
those present. 

Service dinner 

the,. Oxford University Air Squadron 


ron held their fiftieth anniversary 
reunion dinner at the town head¬ 
quarters, Oxford, yesterday even¬ 
ing. Air Chief Marshal Sir Chris¬ 
topher Foxlcv-Norris was the 
guest of honour. Squadron Leader 
W. A. Bell, commanding officer. 

The night sky in November 

By Our Astronomical 

Mercury is too near the Sun for 
observation this month and will 
be in superior conjunction on the 

Venus is prominent in the 
morning skv. reaching its great¬ 
est elongation of 47" on the 7th. 
at distance of 102 million km 
(64 million mile*). It moves 
through Virgo during the month 
and on the 29ih will pass Spica 
and be passed by the Muon. 

Mars is stationary on the 6rh 
and then begins its retrograde 
-motion, but it* movement among 
the stars this month will be small. 
Moon near it on the 21st. 

Jupiter is nn» an evening star 
hut is prominently risible for 
tunst of the night. Muon near it 
un the 15th. 

Saturn is still classified as a 
morning star but rises soon after 
21h at the beginning nf rhe month. 
It will be stationjrs on the 13th 
and the Moon will be near it on 
the nigbt 23-24th. 

Uranus and Neptune are morn¬ 
ing and evening objects respect¬ 
ively. hut both arc too near the 
Sun for observation. 

Tbe Moon : new. 3d 13h ; first 
quarter. 10dl9h : full. ISd22b ; 
last quarter. 26dU7h. 

Eclipses ; The Partial eclipse of 
the Sun un the 3rd is not visible 
from Europe, but only from the 
far south of the Earth. The 
rmal eclipse of the Muon on the 
ISiii is visible from Europe : the 
Moon enters the umbra at 20h29m. 
in mid-eclipse at 22h24m. and 
loaves the umbra ac 24hU9m. 

Algol : approximate times i«f 
evening minima are KdJJh, 
lld2uh. and just after midnight u£ 

November is associated with the 
nnce-famous Le>>nid meteors, due 
13th to !9th with a maximum no 
the 18lh. A largo number is nut 
expected and there will he strong 
moonlight, so it is hardly worm 
staying out of bed on this occa- 
..ion- On the other h3nd the 
Taurid meteors reach iheir maxi¬ 
mum of perhaps a ** five-minute 
service " on the Sth. when there 
will be on Moon. The radiant. 
juM south of the Pleiades, will he 
well a hove the horizon by 22h. 
which is a convenient time for 

Venus Is about to reach us wes¬ 
tern elongation, and a thought 
about the geometry of the Sun- 
Vcrtus- Earth system will show 
that at this time Venus as seen 
from the Earth should be exactly 
half illuminated. We can rake it 
for granted that nn the 7th it will 
not be, a discrepancy between 

*cir«u unew 

Today's engagements 

The Duke of Edinburgh, as a gold 
card holder and life member 
of Variety Clubs International. 
attends dinner given by Sports¬ 
man Club in aid of Bowles 
Mountaineering and Outdoor 
Pursuits Centre. Sportsman 
Club. Tottenham Court Road, S. 

Frmcecs .Anne opens Sports 
Centre. Bath. 11 ; open', build¬ 
ings at West on bin School. Ter¬ 
tiary. 3.13 ; and the Roses 
Theatre. Tewkesbury. 7.50. 

Queen Elizabeth the Queen 
Mother. Coloncl-in-Cbicf, The 
Queen's Own Hussars, visits 
the regiment, Bovingtoo Camp, 
11 . 20 . 

Princes* Alexandra, on the occa¬ 
sion of the fiftieth anniversary 
of the Armed Forces Art 
Society, oocns annual exhibi¬ 
tion, Chcnil Galleries, London, 

Latest wills 

Th* Mia q ram shows ih» brighter stars will be ahov* the non/an In ilin 
latitude of Lnndon at -ohr ill pin . al 
inn bcatnninn. 2 £hr ■ iu om ■ n» th» 
niMdK- and —1 hr i ■» pm. at the ni\ri nr 
the nintiih. local Mean Tim- Ai libel 
aisav ti-om ih» «5re"JiwKh nurUUn the 
Greenwich limns ai which th«- dtaoram 
applies an* later Ilian the ,iho\*> by one 
Itour (or each IS dey west at CfwnwKIt 

theory an d observation that has 
been known and studied fur some 
200 years. At western elongation 
a morning star as now when the 
terminator is Ute sunrise line of 
a waxing phase, observed " dicho- 
Tumy " will he Jute, Thus on the 
theoretical date the planet -will 
appear to he not quite half, the 
terminator being still convex to 
the Sun. At evening elongation 
wben the phase is waning ihc ob¬ 
served event is early : thus by the 
predicted date the Crescent phase 
has already begun and the ter¬ 
minator is' again convex to the 
Sun. Amateur astronomers give 
much attention to this pheno¬ 
menon. and it must he realized 
that it is very difficult to 
judge exactly when the termina¬ 
tor Is a straight line- The dif¬ 
ference between observed and cal¬ 
culated dates raty bur three or 
four days is a reasonable average. 
There is no conclusive explana¬ 
tion, but the atmosphere of Venus, 

Cl:ne Joannie Bcgg. of Bnyswafer. 
left 157.494 net. She left her 
o>11cciinn nf medieval antiquities 
to the Victoria and Albert 
M'l'cum and her eightccnth- 

century Scottish antiques in the 
N.-tion:il Museum of Scottish 
Anticiriticx. Edinburgh. 

Other estates include (not, before 
duty paid, duty not disclosed) : 
Guy. Mr Kenneth Ruhcrt. of 
Aldridge. West Midland* £112.884 
Lloyd. Mr Cuv Vaughan, of 
Llandovery .. .. £116,795 

Tolbert, Mr Stephen Allen, of 
Bcnrcd City-. Liberia, estate In 
.pfrtS'd In -Ihr not?'ton. I' uvil in ; England and Wales .. £140.720 

ws t J SfnSy nv * B8 nu,r> un ‘^ oU,rr ‘ ; Tomkins. Sir Alfred George, of 

I K.HTovr. former general secretary 
■ of Furnirurc. Timber and Allied 
which is all tvc can see of can i Trades Union .. .. £29 228 

be hold responsible. i __ 


and curlier bi 4 lib* amnunt tl thr piacr " 
be ■.'asi Tb«- rvip -liouiJ bo turn«'.| sij | 
that ilii- bort.un -h'- observer k Iji'Iipj 
• shown bv in< wvnb ari>un<i in.- Lirn.-i 
l? at the bo rani, lib- .i-nilli b-m^ iim- 
rntr-* Urunwh-n Mna linn-, tnn'i-n 

Knighthoods for judges 

Knighthoods are to be conferred 
on Mr Justice Cobb and Mr 
Justice Goff on their appointment 
as justices of the High Court. 

Model ship 
a record 

Bv Geraldine Norman 
Sale Room Correspondent 
A sale to celebrate the 700th 
anniversary of Amsterdam was 
held at Sotheby Mak van Waay 
on Tuesday, totalling £193,771. 
Everything had a connexion with 
the city. 

A dockyard model of a Dutch 
East India man, the Mercurius, 
dated 1747, made the top price at 
68.000 guilders (£14.394, including 
16 per cent buyers* commission), 
a record auction price for a ship 
model, It is complete with rigging, 
sails, ouinon, and carved figures. 
It was bought by Mr C. Broere, of 
the Mercantile Bank In Curacao. 
Dutch Antilles. 

A view of Amsterdam by G- K. 
Breitner. tite Dutch Impressionist, 
made 32,000 guilders (£6,773) and 
another view dated 1659 by Relnier 
Not) ms made 29.000 guilders 
(£6,139). A model steam engine 
labelled *' C. Scbweitz, Amsterdam. 
1869 ” was bought by the Amster¬ 
dam Ristoriscb Museum for 14,000 
guilders (£2,934). 

Sotheby’s in London yesterday 
had valuable letters, literary manu¬ 
scripts and historical documents 
for sale including properties from 
tbe Earl of Iddesleigh and the 
Earl of Rosebery; they totalled 
£78.823, with 5.23 per cent unsold. 

The top price was £15.400. in¬ 
cluding buyers’ premium, for a 
series of 550 letters from Mrs 
Piozzi (Dr Johnson's friend, Kirs 
Thralc) to tbe Williams family. 
A vivid account of her aaily life 
in Bath, Streatbara, Wales and 
elsewhere, tbev were written be¬ 
tween 1796 and 1321. 

A letter from Elizabeth I can- 
cerafag preparations for the 
Armada made £3,520; it is in a 
secretary’s hand but bears the 
Queen’s signature. A Henry Vin 
letter concerning tbe siege of 
Tfa^rouanoe (1513) made £2,420 
(estimate £1,200 to £1,800). An 
Irem of fascination to the book 
trade was the inventory of books 
in the stock of an English book¬ 
seller of 1670; do comparable 
bookseller’s inventory of the date 
is known and Quaricch paid £2,860 
for it (estimate £1.200 to £1,300). 

Among the amusing minor items 
was a letter from Swinburne to 
Burnt! Jones purporting to explain 
why he bad declined an entreaty 
by Mr Gladstone to succeed 
Archibald Tait as Archbishop of 
Canterbury. Swinburne parodies 
tbe a rclii episcopal style with 
verve. It made £220 (estimate 
£200 to £300). 

A charming letter from Charles 
Lamb to Benjamin Robert Haydon 
accepting his invitation to the din¬ 
ner at which Haydon lntrod Jced 
Keats and Wordsworth made 1786 
(estimate £150 to £250). A Robert 
Burns love letter to Clarinda 
(Agnes M*Lehose) made £1,870 
(estimate £1,200 to £1,800). 

A routine sale of silver at 
Christie’s brought outstandingly 
high prices. A Victorian centre¬ 
piece with cherubs, shell-shaped 
dishes and a standing figure or a 
bacchanal (315 oz). 31} inches 
high and dated 1896, made 
£2,310 including premium (esti¬ 
mate £700 u> £900). 

□0 lavatory seats : Bonham's sale 
of bygones, antique weapons, 
photographic material. Vtctoriana, 
costumes and textiles realized a 
toe) of £7,755. Two wooden lava¬ 
tory seats with matching acces¬ 
sories of paper holders and chains 
were sold anonymously for £30. 

Church news 

Latest appointments include: 
Diocese of Hereford 

rh* Rev M. W. Hoopoe. Vicar nf 
Mlnsteriry. »nd priest-ln-chargc °t 

HAbberiry. to be Also Rural Dean or 
Pon i"abury Deanery- 

The Rov R. T. Sharlhousn. curate of 
Ludlow. to be prtPit-ln-chargo of 
Crowage .with Sholnton aid Harley. 
The Her I. V/. Wllltamc. curate of 

Bradford, to be Vital or St Paul's. 

^The Rev D^li. Bracey. Vicar of Si 
Tulip's. Bench III. Manchester. In be 
Vicar of SI Stephen's. Ellon. Bury. 
Canon V. H. Eliot to be Ira ri¬ 
me chaplain of Bolton District General 

rot d. K. Prvcp. curate-in- 
<if St Jantos'S. Ucywood. to be 

Cleobun; Mortimer wit h Ho plon. Wafera. p, r APM training and tutor at __ 
to be ' I car of Xnowbury and prtc»t- hiii Coil-ge. London, to be Rector of 
m-charg*' at uordey. - - 

... Prvcp. . 
charge or SI Jalpos'S. Ucywbm 
Vicar ol thai pariah. 

Ttic rpv J. A. R. Rurfman.. Vicar 
of Wills haw. dlocgso of Wakcnrld. to 
be Vicar ol Si Luke's. Halllwoil. Bolton. 
The^Hev fj. R. Silvester, Rrolagjr 

Diocese of Manchester 

The Rev D. j Brace well, 
of si Peters. Shipley.- dtoc 


The.Rev J Z. gmlUi. enrat- at S? 

Wilfred's. Northmidrn. iq t» Vlnr 

St Gcorpe with SI Barnabas 
town. Salford. 

. or 

Archaeology report 

Jewelry: Finds indicate 
Anglo-Saxon wealth 

A collection of Anglo-Saxon jew¬ 
elry nearly 1,300 years old, exca¬ 
vated a few weeks ago. may well 
have been the products of a single 
craftsman or*workshop, supplying 
a whole community with its finery. 
It consists mainly of cruciform 
brooches, of gilt bronze with 
designs cast in relief. 

The discoveries were made dur¬ 
ing the second season of excava¬ 
tion on tbe site oF an Anglo-Saxon 
cemetery found during the con¬ 
struction of a car park beside the 
new reservoir at Empingham, Lei¬ 
cestershire. The sue is a notable 
addition to the series of pagan 
Saznn burial grounds In the east 
Midlands, and will provide an im¬ 
portant key to earlier, more hap¬ 
hazard. collections of finds from 
the region. 

This year’s work was directed by 
Mr Nicholas Reynolds, of Cam¬ 
bridge University, on behalf of the 
Department of the Environment 
and the Anglia Water Authority, It 
came after work begun by Mr S. 
Gorin, of.Newark Technical Col¬ 

A total of 132 graves had been 
laid nut along the depression 
formed by a hollow land, probably 
in use In the Roman period, and 
among a complex of silted-up Iron 
Age ditches. The layout of the 
graves appeared to be largely ran¬ 
dom. and all were comparatively 
shallow. No grave cut into another, 
indicating tile* their positions were 
marked in some wav; indeed, ft has 
been possible to suggest, from the 
evidence ot the skeletons, that, 
although there were no coffins, the 
graves were covered over rather 
than immediately backfilled. 

The wealth of the population was 
indicated by the large amount of 
metalwork buried with the dead, 
including spear* and shields, 
bronze-bound buckets, and a parti¬ 
cularly fine collection of gilt 
brome cruciform brooches. These 
indicate a late dare for the burials, 
either at the end of the sixth or 
early in the seventh century AD. 

The period of use of the ceme- 

One of the brooches found at 

tcry appears to have been short, 
and there is some evidence to sug¬ 
gest that much nf die metalwork 
was made by one craftsman, or at 
least in one workshop. A high 
proportion of the dead were 
adolescents, though many of tbe 
adults lived well inro middle age, 
and some skeletons displayed in¬ 
teresting and distinctive 'genetic 
features, which will repav further 

study in the laboratory. Of partic¬ 
ular interest will be any familial 
links discernible from rhe skeletal 
morphology, an archaeological 
field pioneered by recent work in 
Mexico and Belize. 

By Nicholas Reynolds 
(£,Times Newspapers. 3973. 


Column nf 

The Times was begun he a j Memorial SerVlCPS 
professional aMmnnmcr. H. y. i * at »«wi iai aci >iLCh 

Hollis, in 1919 and has therefore i Mr J. Later 
been appearing for near l v bu I . , ... 

vears. During that time there l A Hr J*™* 
have been only three oarrespon- I ^ v | L '^ r ' sl, ' , n d n a 1 y c '™ n ~ 
dents, and from 1933 m 19.',9 this : if,.'"- ' 1|L J°" J _ 3nd . *lburt 

office Hi held by Dr IV. H. ; 'I “irf'? lr 1 >?,'? ePt SP^Sht gave 
Stcavenson. Steavenson died at : *?|° .|, ^ r Others present tn- 
the ace of SI. in Septcinhcr. and I 

an obicuatr ap^wred inI this ncw< • Lu/ .ski.* . n" s ^.in-M«. Hn “n” 
paper pn the 23th of that month- . •thnstun. Katn*. 

Many readers mil hare ««:ti .hi*. ; 

so there is n » point in wrung . j-'ia* u^ii.i nun. Mr aim 
but it must be recorded ; 7“v> 7, r .,,” qb " r ? l u '«n. Jir *r»d mb 
I /“■'■'n n.uiot*. Mr ond Mrs NttHo'.is 


In this column that for 31 veara ; Drwi.iru.nn Mr .iml °,virs ' , Marnn ,£ VlB , r? 
it iras in the hands of one of the i ,ft "- V'*,, 1r -i v 'ai*-». 
really great among amateur astro- , ,^Z^" v aS^!S& 

ntimers. Tie w-as also a goou j o. thr non itot-rn i rrmor-iussnh. 
friend to a multitude of .l*»*;| ^ 

’■ *■' " * Monrrllh Sir 

and sir* 

• —1 -_ -it .nia vn Alru'llrf 

an honour to have been cnoscn [ i«-r wr -i. Mr n.jvm strgwnn. Mr John 
to succeed him when he retired . . Mr »*ih th- non Mr. rtaunjj.* 

six years Jga. 

amateurs and gave ready assistance , 

to anv who sought it. The pre- r "''° r - r ” r - ,,p - t-uiv Vj 

seat correspondent regards It as I P ;V;'. '-ZxTrn ' >"r$SSir* r «l 

; Wnoftrutl. raUirr Philip St. 

I Mr and Mrs Chnrtns DquotJfc-Homc, 

Or and Mrs Ray Strang. Mrs Rohnrl 
Snr it(|ht. Mf L P. Thomp»n-McCau«- 
Linrt .Also icprvtnntlna thv UBtkins 
‘it-rj’r Cnllrqrt. Mr Anthony Llnculn. 
«.*>; i icniwnlinq Worblng Men's Cnl* 
i- Old Studnnu rjubi. Mr Paul 
Wlr-ni. Mr Alan ftrll. Mr Tam Brn- 
'On Miss HollmtA l^idhiin-. Mr. Djyld 
Ouihb-rr. Mr m.trins r.lbb-Smlih. Mrs 
r.xopi* llainrs. MISS CHI Itiu'rv. Mrs 
Vvvyun UoHuid. Mr hronrth Roar. Mr 
i.Vlt ".“••Jri-r. an* '»r C”artr» Nrii. 
son Oat try I ror'rasnntlno the 5oclrly 
n r. 1 .11 Bntvlcr Aullion i. 

Lieutenant-Colonel L. S. Starkey 
A memorial service for Lieuten¬ 
ant Colonel Lewis Stanton Starker 
was held Yesterday in (he Guards 
Chapel, Wellington Barrackfl. The 
Rev R. T. J. K. Wood officiated. 
Major-General Sir Allan Adair 
read the lesson. Among those 
present were : 

Mr mil Mr» J. Jr-nyiia taon-ln-Uw 
find gjughlcri. Zafl and Counim 
Hgwr, Lady ChdrlDItr AOTir djpron. 
I.\ rty Mary Gaye Comcr-Kry. Plra 
ChPrti’s Partrr. Mr and Mw Chart« 
t>«ii'r. Mr amt Mn» Datiil Blacker, 
n.nm.'hy and WlllUm Blacker. Mr 
Simon ttlaw. Mr and Mr* Jonathan 

gtav. un Sortne Jrnvira. Mr ^nd Mr* 
R mtr Jrnjm.1. Ml** M. Samnn-Illr. 

Colonel Vitya uni ftotchrn.' Vl.-imint 
Or LI tile. VC. I.OM Mowbray and 
Sinjirtnn. LnnJ[ Trytin Lady Htraemery 
Ji-ttcvp. the Hon C..IV i ns. tlic Hon 
Plrs Klehfli-ft llmummu. Ilm Hon Unr 
Rlchioand Brawn. Sir Brian u'arwn. 
S ; r Hum and.ihr lion Cirty Hatriv. 
Lilly Ad.ilr, Sir Hugh Snu.ry su* 
Ch.trlns Richmond Hrown. (Irnninl Sir 
ttonnrr MoorSir Cdward Ford. 
Sir Maul and Lady Bryan. Coneral 
!- "a I - BCdUn i nraM-h*ni, Crenadl-r 
i.mird* Association i. Colonel n. Hair-s 
M.ikmhom rddhon < Urutonani-t'oloncT 
Commandimi. 'jPiu'Iih- Cuard.i. 
Miilor-.jrn.-Ml R. K. Com hum. Brlh»- 
dW F.. Canilll. Bi'rfudlir A. RiHInryar. 
Cnhanri tmnry Clowi-s. tloloni-t II 
t'ordon-Lt'nnov. Llrutrn.ini Colonel and 
Mr* P. H. Lon-P]illll|K». Lteuieiuinl- 
i.oionvt S. JdhitsMnr. rJrutcnan(-Col- 
onni Peter Cllfion. Llrutcnanl-Coloncl 
M. F. Thome 

Capcaln and Pin Andrew Vaios. Can- 
tab. and the Hnn Mrs Nicholas Barnn. 
Canutn Alrsendcr Ttamsay of Mar. Mr 
and MM Julian Luilrrll. Mr* lieorne 
Lnwihnr. Mr Ulcn kills!on. Mrs Gilbert 
Mansotl • represent I no central London 
Itfrboats >. Mr H. J. L'rana • Chief 
r-eeu'ivt. N/»r*h Vnrcwilre Counb- 
Counclti. Mr Richard Howard-Vyac. and 
Mr a^d Mrs Hlrharrt Cjrnnovn and 

,'lr P-_ m- RHctiin ■ reprcscnUne 

rrower, SHU and Xerlinei. 


An industrial individualist 

Sir Alfred Owen, CBE, died 

yesterday ar the age of 67. 

He was chairman and man¬ 
aging director 1 of the Owen 
Organisation, the largest family 
business in the country with a 
turnover of £l00m a year. In 
addition to the engineering £om- 
rylejc at Darlas ton, Stafford¬ 
shire, the firm has factories in 
Yorkshire and Scotland and 
subsidiaries in Australia and 
South Africa. 

Owen was a highly individual 
industrialist. A fervent and 
articulate Christian, he firmly 
believed that to be a good 
Christian one did not have to 
be a bad businessman. He came 
of a family of Midland iron¬ 
masters and took control ot 
the family firm when his father, 
Ernest Owen, who had shrewdly 
geared tbe firm’s products to 
serve, in turn, the bicycle, car 
and aviation industries, died in 
1930. A. G. B. Owen was then 
s till up at Cambridge. In the 
years that followed he extended 
and developed the business 
organization he had inherited 
but in the expansion bis 
Christian principles were not 
discarded. Paternalism in indus¬ 
try may not be fashionable, hut 
tris strongest critics could not 
deny that he was always closely 
involved in schemes for the 
well-being of his employees. 

Owen had a strong sense of 
social obligation. For some 
years he was chairman of 
Staffordshire County Council 
and of Darlaston UDC; be was 
a former president of the 
National Sunday School Union ; 
chairman of the council of Dr 
Barnardo’s Homes ; a vice-chair¬ 
man of the National Savings 
Movement; Pro-Vice-Chancellor 
of Keele University (which 
made him an honorary DSc) 
and a member ot the council 
ol Birmingham University. 
Though an Anglican he was 
willing to support die work of 
other Christian denominations. 
He was an early supporter in 
England of Billy Graham. On 
most Sundays he could be found 
preaching, taking a service or 
helping with a Bible class. 

Owen was one of the first 
businessmen to promise assist¬ 
ance when Mr Raymond Mayes 
conceived 4 plan to raise 

finance to build a British granfl 
pm racing car in 1945, aad i*a, 
eventually destined to play ti* 
leading parr in die gRlt 
(British Racing Motors) project 
Although the firsi BRM 
deraonsinued to The press and 
notabilities of the mororiuz 
world at Bourne in 1949 and th* 
British Motor Racing Research 
Trust was later formed, the aew 
car met severe financial aatf 
Technical troubles. Its few sue! 
cesses came too late and at th* 
end of 1952 the BRM 
decided to wind up and sell ih e 
assets of the company. 

But Owen had not lost hii 
initial faith in the BRM project, 
He purchased the company and 
from then on BRM became r 
division of the parent compaiw 
in Owen Organisation, stgj 
located at Bourne, Linco lns hire. 
If was typical of Owen that he 
refused to change the name 0 ? 
the cars to “ Owens ” and wag 
confident that the -Previous had 
image would be wiped out ] n 
spite of many setbacks, Owen 
never gave uo and it was in 
1959 that The Swedish driver. j 0 
Bonnier, gave a BRM its first 
major victory by winning the 
Dutch Grand Prix. Three years 
Inter Owen was present when 
G-?ham Hill von the Snnrij 
African Grand Prix in a BRM. 
securing the 1962 drivers’ world 
championship and the manu¬ 
facturers’ cup as well. 

H:« efforts a'*r> brought h : tn 
the Ferodo Gold Trophy and n 
British Automobile Raring Clnb 
gold medal. 

Owen was also _ closed 
involved in the building of 

Donald Campbell’s car Bluebird 
and in Campbell's ultimately 
succes. r i f ul attempt ro beat ie 
world’s land speed record. 

From 1965 to 19 ( '7 he wat 
chairmen of the Nation?! Road 
Safctv Advisory Council. He was 
appointed a Dcnuty 1 5 «*istcnant 
for Warwickshire in 1957. 

Rnrrt on Ap' :i 8. its 

educated at Licfccy HjU«i pr 0 . 
naratory school and Gurdit* 
before going un to Emmanuel 
College. Cambridge. He married 
i’i 19J2 F.ilpfT, Kathleen 
Genevieve Mr Mu Han by whom 
be bad three sons and twn 
daughters. He w? annninred a 
CBE in 1954 and knighted in 


Mr M. J. Farrell, an economist 
of rare distinction, died sud¬ 
denly on October 27 at the age 
of 49. Be was born in 1926 and 
had his university education at 
New College, Oxford, where he 
took a First in PPE. He went 
to Cambridge in 1949 to work 
with Stone in the Department of 
Applied Economics. He was 
elected a Fellow of Gonvillc and 
Caius and at his death was 
Reader in Economics in the 
University of Cambridge. He 
had been editor of the Review 
of Economic Studies, the main 
British journal of economic 
theory and he was a Fellow of 
the Econometric Society. 

Farrell belonged to that small 
group oE people in a subject of 
whom it can be said, that they 
had written a number of 
“ classic ” papers. Jn- the most 
famous of these he found a way 
in which increasing returns to 
scale (and non-convexities in 
general), could sometimes be 
assimilated by traditional theory 
and he precisely pinpointed 
those cases where this could not- 
be done. This paper stimulated 
a great deal of fruitful work. 
Almost equally famous is his 
work on the British coal indus¬ 
try in the course of which he 
made a fundamental contribu¬ 
tion to the statistical measure¬ 
ment and comparison of produc¬ 

These two papers arc known 
and cited wherever economics 
is studied. But there were 
many other outstanding contri¬ 
butions. He was one ol rhe first 
to integrate the then new 
method of Linear Programming 
into the theory of tbe firm. He 
v/as in ihe forefront in the 
rigorous study of economic 
selection processes. His last 
paper was devoted to a vexing 
and difficult problem in the 
theory of social choice. Nothing 
that he pur his hand to was 
second rate. His fastidious and 
clear mind took hold of the 
essentials nf a problem and pro- 
vided elegant and fundamen¬ 
tally simple solutions. His repu¬ 
tation, if anything, is likelv to 
grow*, especially in England, as 
more economists come to be 
trained to precise modes of 

Farrell had polio in 1937 and 
from then on walked on 
crutches. His disability was 
carried gracefully and without 
complaint. It did not dim his 
enthusiasm or limit his many 
activities. These included an 
important role in his colleee, 
where he was Registrar of the 
Council for manv years, and in 
the Faculty of Economics. He 
will be greatly missed in both 
places. Farrell leaves behind 
his wife Margaret and five sons. 


Mr Michael Howard writes: 

Harpsichord lovers ond all 
lovers of early keyboard music 
will be saddened to learn of the 
recent and tragic death in a 
road accidenc at Tenterden, of 
John Ti ceftursr, a persuasive 
pioneer among those who sought 
to reestablish the harpsichord 
as a serious musical instrument 
at a time when it was considered 
to be more or less obsolete and 
unacceptable, even among rhe 
most musically inclined. 

John Venables Ticchurst was 
born in 1895. the youngest son 
of Dr and Mrs A. R. Ticchurst 
of St Leonards. Tbe Ticeburst 
family had been doctors in 
Hastings for several generations, 
moving to High Halden in 19GS. 
Thus began a long association 
of the Ticeburst family with die 
neighbouring parish o! Tenter- 

John : was educated at Ton- 
bridge School, leaving there in 
1913 to begin his articles as a 
chartered accnunrant. Jn 1914 
he volunteered for the Army, 
joining the 16th Battalion of 
the Middlesex Regiment and 
serving continuously in Flan¬ 
ders from 1915 to 1918. Com- 
missioned into the Royal West 
Kent Regiment, he was awarded 
the MC in 1918 when serving as 
Battalion Signals Officer. 

As a postwar Chartered 
Accountant. John found that 
city life was not really to his 
liking. In 1925 he became a 

student at the Royal Academy 
of Mus’c and it was here, 
through his association with Mrs 
Violet Gordon Wondhnuse, that 
he began tn take a serious 
interest in the harpsichord and 
its repertoire, eventually to 
become one of the country's 
foremost harpsichordists. An 
accident to his right hand in 
1952 rermhiared this career, but 
onlv after many engagement 
with the BBC" and recitals 
throughout the continent and 
in Australia. He played on a 
two-manual instrument built hv 
Jacob and Abraham Kirkman in 
3733 and he performed with 
such other distinguished musi¬ 
cians as Andre Mangeot, Leon 
Goossens, Ambrose Gauntlert 
and Francesca Palmer. He wrs 
also associated for several years 
with incidental music for ths 
Ellen Terry Memorial Perform¬ 
ances ar the Barn Theatre, 

Since iha 1952 accident, John 
maintained hiv musical activities 
notably with the Tenterden 
Choral Society as well as con¬ 
tributing to a wide variety nr 
local interests and indulging h s 
keen knowledge as a gardener. 

In 1922 he had married 
Eircne Pcrcival Smith, die 
daughter of a one time Vicar of 
Roivenden. She died in 1951. Ey 
her he leaves two daughters ami 
one son. He had recently Cele¬ 
brated his eightieth birthday. 


Mr Edgar Holt, the journalist 1947 to 1955 assistant of ti 1 * 
and author, died yesterday at Dailv Despatch. He then had a 
the age of 74. From 1960 to spell as home infornwiinn 
1968 he was Chief Press Officer officer of the Federation m 
of the Church Information British Industries. 

Office. Holt’s consuming interest w*' 

Edgar Crawshay Holt was history ami from 3953, n J ,ei * 
born in 1900 and educated at his admired book on T'iie Eoc 
St Bees School and Christ lVrr came out. published a 
Church, Oxford, tn the 1930s series of attractivelv-ivnt’e' 1 
he was connected with broad- historical works includm- 
castmg as assistant news editor. Protest in Arms: The Sirnng** 

BBC, and then news editor; as Wnr which was about _£■<- 
deputv editor nf World Radio Maori war oF 1860-72: 
and from 1935 to 1937 as Opjimi War in China:. 1.® 
deputy e.1-:or of rhe Lifiener. r nr list Wars *'« 

From 1937 tn 1S47 he was /Vawgmteuto: Plon-Plonln ' - 
chief assistant editor’cf the of Prince Nanolerm. IS-*’ 1 
Liverpool Daily Post and from and a life of Maaini- 

General Ciprlano Mcra San», Mr Esra Stephens, 
one of the chief Republican Cantain-manager of s £ nais 

generals in the Spanish Civil Ausiralmn ovcrsea> town ^ 

W=r hf5 died i„ Lb ai the EPfe 

age of /S. died at the age of 70* 

k*f>jiu- u 


0\W]f Report October 791915 : 

V Court of Ajppeal 

. Queen’s Bench Division 

SJew trial^oritered;^er judge’s Club licences and 

. and Managements Ltd. t 
.'-ids Unknown -and Others' 

■ e Lord Justice Megaw, Lord 
-e cczrzuan and Lord Justice 

- v --' 

ixaents delivered Octob« "281 

} practice of die .Court of 

- il not to order a/new trial 

case where a person has' 
. d' to ' call no evidence at-a 
is -a discretionary rule from 
'■ die court-can authorize-a - 
ore if circumstances be. auf- * 
. dy unusual. The court has zo 
to see whether justice re- 
v that there, should be a. 

Jr Lordships allowed an 
I-by the plaintiffs, Portland 
-genients Ltd, of Park Road, 
hT, owners of a* house at 

- ghatn Road, Shepherds Bush, 

, ;-the -refusal of Judge 
. yreat West London County 

. to make an order for 
■Sion' in their frfvotrr against 
’ {fidget Devereux, die second 
Lant in tin; action. Their 

S rt ordered a new trial of 
on before another judge 
. ingest terms as to costs, in 
X of which a possession 
\ would be nude. . . 

. Ronrie Tager for the plain- 
■ Mr Ralph Gibson, QC, and 
rUcbard Brock (neither ol 
■ -appeared la die court 
• i far Mls$ ’Devereux. The 
-lefeadants (six named per- 
V uul the third defendant (Mr 
i Nolan) took no part in 
ipeal. ■ - ✓- 

-he .noose. Which-bad three 
■} and a basement; had been 
- abject of heavy litigation 
1373. The plaintiffs had bad 
-isolnte tide registered on 
i Zl, 1973/ but they had 
succeeded fit obtaining 
t possession. On July 12, 
they sought under Order 113 
' Rides orxfae Supreme Court 
■- tier for possession against 
- med persons and other per- 
, rnknown. 

application was heard, by 

lstifce Kerr In chambers on 
26. Before the bearing the 
ffs were given two affidavits, 

' worn by Miss Devereux, the 
- by Mr Nolan, the effect Of 
was to set up a claim on 
' of Miss Qevereux to have 
terest in the whole house, 
asserted that she was In 
sioo. By consent Miss 
eux and Mr Nolan were 
as parties to the proceed- 
nd Mr Justice Kerr ordered 
re summons should be traxts- 
to the county court and 
1 as an ordinary possession 
The cause of action 
t against all the defendants 

he samp time the plaintiffs 
bringing a possession action 
: county court against Mb' 
, In which Miss Devereux 
evidence, which indicated 
the was lawfully in possas- 
of the house'as a tenant, 
d to be assumed that the 
rejected her evidence 
se he made an order for 
Bion against Mr Nolan, 
•. appeal was subsequently 

In : August,. 1974, ” the. plalhtiffsbut be had drawn the inference 
• delivered their particulars of claim that because he did not believe 
in. the county court action." They them he could infer' , that 1 Baa 
sued, the first defendants; the *o- Devereux was in fact in Occupation 

called- squa t t ers (amtfmtt whom 
they obtained an order far posses- 
si on),' Miss flwerafle and . Mr 

tat whom- or possession, 
forposses-- He nonsuited, the .pontiffs 
because lie held to the,point of 

leasehold interests 

credonary -rule -from which if ****-•»* 

in' Stored v 

Notaa- They datamd'-rijM Miss Uw winch he had »{ateongly 

"*2? lB »i2SSS a S >D exPfessed to Mr Tagef- .at the 
of the house at all; -alternatively, opening of the case/He ’■ said In 
put. if she was iff occupation, she bis judgment: “ If in a civil case 
wag a t respasser. and tiiey rcHed a landlord says 4 Yon are not in 
on toetr/ document or title as possession as & you are a 

Ex parte Hughes 

Before the justices Mr Hughes's 
solicitor submitted that the sub¬ 
lease was not a valid’ or proper 

mixta be E *Sra ? e *2 re Lard Wldgety, Lord Chief lease and that the question of the 
that x distinction dtxwn justice, Mr Justice O'Connor and club's title was a matter for them 

giving them a right of occupation tr es passer*. in my opinion 
■of the house. the onus is on the plaintiff piffd»~ 

By -bee defence Miss-Devereux, lord) to prove .that ^negation, 
after denying the plaintiffs: titter H? r on the defendant to .refute it. 
admitted and avertedftat she was The plaintiff must .adduce optima 
In occupation of the tuccsoisea as widena support ing his 

die lawful tenant. of onePrender- legation.of trespass.”” - 

between a submission of'no case 
rn answer fljt a mnttw of. law and 

a submission that the compla in- Licensing justices exercising ^bleaie^waB^dnhv stamped!* 
-anti* css* Should be rejected on- jurisdiction to grant or renew dub SemDrenSed&v 
the.merits. „ VgESP* 11 <* ** &; «*3r 

fils LordsMp did not think, that muSitufS arSSEi tfence - *^ e dnb 1° occupa 

dl^rira^rulTcould or. ought, 3!K rtt ihfmESS? “>«* P^g rent. He further : 

^rS-kitv- any patternof fEte of the named that any attempt to q 

wtf ******* • The court .had to look connrtiarKe 11011 *he validity of the subli 

S^TwbeSerjwece required tojSSon rSfctered ci^TwhM °* *£® bMdlease raised quest 

Mr Justice Lawson 

gast, who at the time of the As had beei 
granting of the -tenancy-' was their respondent on 
lawful owner. was in error. 1 

and ejectmea 

Both Hx* plaintiffs and Miss dear. His Lo 

As had been conceded by the 
respondent on appeal, the judge 
was in error. The law on trespass 
and ejectment ’ was perfectly 
dear. His Lordship- referred to' 

to decide. The club’s solicitor sub¬ 
mined, as was the fact, that the 
sublease, was duly stamped, had 
been prepared by two reputable 
solicitors, and tint, on the evi¬ 
dence, the dub was In occupation 
end paying rent. He. further sub¬ 
mitted that any attempt to ques¬ 
tion the validity of the sublease 

Devereux were represented by Donford v Me Arndts ((1883) 8 

counsel at the triaL Mr Tager App Ces 456). Delaney it T. P- 
oponed the case for the plaintiffs Smith Ltd ([1946] KB 393), and 
by ptarting in the land certificate. Ocean Estates Ltdv Finder ([1369]' 
and submitted that it was concltr- 2 AC 19) and said that It was 
srve evidence., of the plaintiffs* clem- law that when an owner of. 
title. The judge accepted the sub- land .was making a case of tres- 
mission as, indeed, he had to since Pass against a person alleged to 
it was a correct statement in point be in possession all that he had 
of Jaw.' to prove Was -Ms title, and an 

At a very ear* a™ however. }S?S8Jtrfc , !Bfir »' 

with evidence wldch the court 
BSPSS' LS22L accepted that the plaintiff was the 

lum f 0v? ? er5hip "KJ2* ^ owner, the harden was on the 

itsmf suifiment to esta b li sh a defendant to- confess and avoid,’ 
catuo of action in trespass against te, to set up a -titie to possession 
someone in possession. The judge’s consistent with the fact of 

Verv neceutiooei - dreunfttances 
wmtid havT^? be. /gqMlshed 
before the court departed fro m its 
ordinary-rule, but^fthose <3rcom : 
stances did-arise: the cdtat should 
. orders reniel iioDridwan&ng the 
eledficm below w catL no evidence. 
If that was jsa hi the present case 
• the qnesthm-WM. whriper,. not 
withstasaUng-'- the election, the 
ttSTvSerech-tbat there should 
be a new triaL”. 

imr^STon or the head!ease raised questions 

lice^^ of title which the justices should 

licensing justices , are-considering aB iw um-a fnr 

someone In powesslon. The judge’s craslstent with the fact 
note of die Jodgment saJd that Mr ownership by the plaintiff. .- 
Tager had'suggested that where the 
tide to a property was proved or wta 

admitted, Jf a defendant said in 1 SSLaAi Jh? 

her defence that she was. a tenant Twn k Sl ?n 

of that property, then the onus agalll s L. ML ? 2?} - 

By Itself Wire peye fgux s case Mr Justice Lawson so stated 
would not snfflee to-enaoie tne -when giving a reserved judgment 
court to ri^partfr^m of the court refusing an appli ca¬ 

rol e, but she had frifed to submit don by Mr David Ernest Hughes, 
her case- to the', court after mi solicitor, of Blackwell, for an 
error by tbejttdg** Premature* order of certiorari to quash an 
ami over-emphaticany mcpr^«M order by Flax Bourton justices 
In a way which renewing for 12 months the regis- 

cotuMri to titiok it WUM o«y tration of Blackwell United Foot- 
Irritate h hn H he were-to present ball Club at the Blackwell playing 
a complicated to*?*** C3S ®.fields or recreation ground and 
call evidence. Tim ought xwt directing Mr Hughes to ' pay £50 
tn l£fve Inwrvctma . so early by costs to the club. 

iash an amended application was complete, 
justices accurate and in conformity with 
5 r?** 1 ?" tiie Act. If the determination of 
u root- that matter did involve the ques- 
playing tfon Q f existence of the dub s 


to have Intervened . so early oy costs to the club, 
expretttag a stro tg vmw^ which ^ Q uen bjrj Edwards, QC, for 
WM now accepted Wbo** coot- ^ Hughes ; Mr Graham Jonre for 
to.b® a “tei* kwomih riffw the dnb Thtl did not 

of the Jaw, but be mn lr and appear and were not reurpsaitwi. 

fntlm, nV ni-.1 n .^.n , _lZTJ B . JUb U UC OBieraUDHnOH Itt 

5?,^. Di 1 t f d , F ? 3t ' that matter did involve the ques- 
p J ayii f tioa ot ti3= existence of the dub s 
fields or reerretion ground and interest, then it was the justices’ 
» W £50 duty lo SmmH ft. The dub’s 

in the dvfl courts and goes against ^ Gibson, for Miss Devereux 
all that I have experienced In 47 on the appeal, bad. not disputed 
years at the bar and on the tiiat the judge’was in error or that 
bench.*-* He expressed that view «■ j appealI must be allowed, hut 
strongly, emphatically and more ^ atibntitted that ttere mret 
than once. Mr Tager nevertheless faced thedlffi- 

stood firm on his title as against tiiat Miss Devereux, by her 

Miss Devereux, but in dealing with corattel; had dotted tt cdl no 
the'case against the squatters he eTl oe ” f e > t hat there were 

mi mg law ■ “ ■ - ■ — —r— 

thereafter tie trial v® ■ “Is- 

Further, tt Mtos Devereux was 
right she ctfuld ^shn *e promc- 
tion of -the-Reaf Acts.'He doubted 

appear and wefe oot represented. 

HIS LORDSHIP said that section 
40(6) provided that, if the condi¬ 
tions in. Fart H of the Art were 
complied with, the justices should 

tignp t ti»B.ent Am ■’^eoouoTea not ln jj, e - absence of due objec- 
whrtfaer ftat tio° refuse a renewal‘application, 

.office to 8° beUnd^e de^oa ^ sectlon 44 {1) that! 

but w hen coatMoed v«h the mar u ^ obiectlon ^ made by| 

*5! ch .J.'S^12'i2S iS >»o« ! .*■ P^n .Hecut $ 

thought that there had to be 
sticeTnew triaL The appeal 

was allowed. 

reason of his occupation of other 
premises, on the ground that 
“ (a) . . . the application does 

«Ued dx^vritnSesvvhogaw ctammstances, > Miss If Ifiss Devereux did not comply not give tiie tafonuation required 

SfdMKsetharDevmeux might well ‘ have a with the stringent .terms the court by - - ..mis Act. or the infomw- 
eyiaence that when mey visited —Twnre »»,«■ thmiphr nraSS for eranting a new tlon is incomolete or inaccurate. 

the tons* Ji jSftT S-aSSZ ^ 

1974, Miss Devereux was never -IjgFwi- 

SfSliSfft^pJtaS^bSS tad 

sa-syf “ 

"°_ ‘ case. Coqpsd also said: tiiat if 

Counsel fbr the defence elected Mhri- Dev e re ux was ri ght she 

to can neither Miss Devereux nor would be protected by the Rent 
axty wi t ness, although he had wit- ACts'and should not be .excluded 
nesses in court. At the conclusion. from the judgment seat, whatever. 
of. the evidence, .therefore,. the errors tad taken place in. the 

thought p r op e r for granting a new tlon is incomplete or inaccurate, 
trial she would be faced with an or the application is- otherwise 

ortar for possession- . .not in conformity with . this 

sr3*° f i^ca 

LORD JUSTICE MEGAW^jn a were to refuse the application. 

g ttSJSg&SlSi* '*£.•*= a* “2 

The question was whether Mr 
Hughes, whose house was close 

errors tad taken place In the 
conduct of her case or at the 

Devereux fiad elected to call no wore noure was close 

evidence would prevent an order 

being made for a new triaL But out J™, sround of objection. His 
Se court was not’bound to apply f®®*? 11 ??® - * as , **“* 1163,1 

judge tad in front of him the land conduct of her case or at the 
certificate, which- was evidence -trial. '■ 

®« LordsMp said that ever 

rince Alexander v Rayson ({19361 
mem a right jo inmeditte -poe-. 1 j-g 159 s lt te| j rprn? ^ n { TWt 

S evidence at a trial would not sue- 

ffit reed in obtaining a retrial from 

*** the Court-of AppeaL In Laurie V 
sion or occupation- - ^ RaiUm Co {[m2} j 

‘ That being the 'state of the KB 152), where counsel admitted 
evidence, -his Lordship, was bound he -did. not intend to call any 
to say that-he found the judge’s evidence. Lord Greene said that 
Judgment-very surprising. He had : there-could be no question qf a 

that as the law-of the Medes and 
Persians. It was entitled to look 

lease of the playing fields was' 
void as lacking the consent of the 

at the particular facts and to make- Charity Commissioners, ^allegedly 

such order as* would best do 
justice to both parties. There 
should be a new trial before 
another judge. 

The appeal was allowed with 
costs and an order'made'for a 
new trial on terms to be drafted 
bv counsel (which included refund* 

required under section 29 of the 
Charities Act, 1960, and that the 
club's sublease was infected by 
the vice of invalidity so that no 
interest was created in the land 
sublet ln favour of the club. 

When completing an amended 
application for renewal of their 

apparently- disbeB 
nesses called for 

id - me wit-, new triaL There was no doubt 
te plaintiffs,- that that was the practice of the 


tiffs) in default of which judg- Sfcjg 'JSFttZFZJS SSE* 
mtm for posseoftm. cm??fS2 MaSnSS -*tK 

meat for possession. 

Solicitors: Bailey 
T.lrniw St Co. 

est held by or in trust for the 
club in the . . . premises is— **. 

solicitor's submission was clearly 
wrong if and in so far as it was 
that they tad no jurisdiction ro 
determine that question. 

On me other hand, Mr Hughes’s 
solicitor’s argument that me 
validity of the sublease or of me 
headlease as conferring title was 
for the justices to decide was also 

Xu me exercise of their Jurisdic¬ 
tion to grant or renew club reels- 
strati on under Fart II of the Act, 
the justices were concerned with 
the question of actual control of 
the premises to be registered, with 
the bona fldes of the club and with 
ensuring tiiat the restrictions 
imposed on registered clubs were 
complied with. 

Relevant to me justices' inquiry 
was whether or not the dub tad 
in fact such an Interest and were 
rent payihg. The question raised 
by Mr Hughes, namely, whether 
such interest and payment of rent 
was supported by a valid document 
of tide was qnlte a different ques¬ 
tion, irrelevant both to me 
justices’ decision and to . me. 
purpose of their functions under 
Fart H. 

Xn their Lordships* judgment 
me justices, as appeared from me 
course of their deliberations and 
their announced findings, directed 
their minds to the relevant ques¬ 
tion. Their view was correct. 

There was nothing irregular or 
contrary to natural justice in me 
proceedings and the application 
was dismissed. 

Solicitors: Robbins, Olivey & 
Lake for Tackett, Williams & 
Kew, ‘Bristol; t^amn ft Sparks, 
BrlstoL . 

Science report 

Psychology: Attitudes to 
unwanted pregnancies 

a dubS aOTHcTriOT not deal with as they were for 

of ttalr E25?°^nd" ISrdS d 6 *** 10 ” ta me wperior courts. 
40(6) and an objector claims that ?“ re ply Mr Hughes's solidtor 
the application does not give re- submitted that he was entitled >o 
q ill red information about the r*£ e «*» , isime vhttlher the dob 
club's interest in the premises, the * wd any Interest in the land and 
relevant question for the justices’ Pren^res at ®IL a ° d that the rule 
decision under section 44(1 Kb) Is . » ouster of jurisdiction 

whether the information which the i?*? 10 re^ 00 » *be J°? tic6S . v 
club has provided is complete, functions under section 44. He said 
accurate and in conformity with toM « w 83 a question of fact 
tfae Act. - whether or not there was a lease 

... .. , , and that tiiat question had to be 

Bar Justice Lawson so stated considered by me court. 
2ra. g K B £. a ?^? rved ^“^eroeta Hi* Lordship said that the relev- 


of BlackweU, _for an fied ^ ^ iaf on ^ ai3 ^ the 

Psychologists who postulate that 
unmarried women who become 
pregnant have an unconscious 
wish to do so received no support 
from a study of women at Mel¬ 
bourne University by their student 
health service. 

Among s exually active students, 
those who became pregnant were 
mostly those who used unreliable 
contraceptive methods. They did 
not differ from the rest on any 
of a series of psychological 

Three groups of women were 
interviewed in (he study : 51 were 
pregnant, 104- were not pregnant 
but were attending the contracep¬ 
tive clinic, and lbl were attend¬ 
ing me general clinic. The lasr 
group included 113 women who 
were sexually experienced and 68 
who were not. In general the 
older students were more likely 
to have had sexual intercourse. 
Sexual experience was also more 
common in more living s way from 
home and those who were without 
any current religious devotion. 

No distinction could be made 
on sociological grounds between 
the JmiaJly experienced .students 
who bad become pregnant and 
those who tad not: there was no 
difference in me proportion from 
broken homes or ln those who 
believed they had been unwanted 
as children or in their academic 
aspirations or achievements. The 
pregnant women bad not started 
sexual activity at an earlier age, 
though they were slightly more 
likely to have had intercourse with 
only one nun than more who 
were not pregnant. 

The striking difference was m 
the form of contraception' used. 
Nearly 80 per cent of the preg¬ 
nant women had relied an the 
rhythm method at some time and 
S3 per cent bad become pregnant- 
while using it- Others had used ' 
unreliable methods such as spermi¬ 
cide creams. Only 14 per cent 
bad used no contraceptive at all 
st the probable time of concep¬ 

In contrast, only 29 per cent 
of. the' non-pregnant women had 
ever used the rhythm method and 
59 per cent were using the pDl 
or an intra-ntertoe contraceptive 
device. Poor medical advice was 
blamed for six pregnancies in 
women who had been taken off 
the pH I by their doctors without 
an alternative contraceptive being 

There was little evidence thar 
the women who became pregnant 
had done so id satisfy emotional 
needs, the report says. Tbit 
hypothesis assumes that contra¬ 
ceptives are readfiy available ana 
that their use is fully understood. 
In fact it was dear that many 
women unreliable method# 

were unaware that they wefr 
taking risks. Many pregnancttr 
would not have occurred bad tint 
sources consulted, including 
■parents. women's -magazines, 
university lecturers and textbooks*' 
provided adequate, dear and. 
reliable information. 

By Our Medical Corre s pon d ent'' 
Source: British Medical Journal, 
October 25, p217. 

Two novels on short list 

By a Staff Reporter 
The short list for the Booker 
Prize for fiction, Britain’s most 
important literary award, has been 
reduced to two titles this year. 
They are: Gossip from the Forest, 
by Thomas KeneaHy, the* Austral¬ 
ian novelist: and Beat and Dust, 
by Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, a 
naturalized Pole who married an 
Indian and lives In Delhi. 

The annual prize of £5,000 is 
open to novels by authors from 
Britain, the Commonwealth, - the 
Irish Republic, and South Africa 
published between January 1 and 
November 26 this year. The 
winner wifi be announced, on 
November 19 by Angus Wilson, 
chairman of this years panel of 

Mr Wilson says : “Entry for the 
Booker Prize of 1975. was large. 
Perhaps too large. 'Bor of the 
83 books entered the judges read 
too many that were not of the 
standard set by the decent mass, 
let alone, of the excellent few. 
There were, in compensation, a 
good number of high competence 
m a wide variety of subject and 
forms. Two novel stood oot; 
aud of tiie two the judges dually 
decided that one was more admir¬ 
able than the other.” 

Thomas Keneally’s Gossip from 

the Forest is original in form with¬ 
out being self-consciously expert-' 
mental- It tells the story of the' 
peace negotiations in a railway' 
carriage in the Forest of Conl- 
plfrgne at the end of the First . 
World War. 

Its surface is tiie interplay' of 
personalities: of tiie victors Focli, 
Weygand, the British delegates, 
and Erzberger and the other Ger¬ 
man representatives, rapidly and 
haphazardly chosen to take (be 
burden of surrender for a country 
where authority and order are In 
hourly danger of 'collapse 

Ruth Prawer Jhabvala’s Heat 
and Dust tells of two English’ 
women: Olivia* a mem-sahib or 
1923, and her husband’s grand¬ 
daughter, who visits India today 
ostensibly In search of the story 
of Olivia. Both are intensely Eng¬ 
lish,. yet each decided to stay in 

The book conveys, quietly but. 
convincingly, the heeling of India: 
its squalor, its miseries, its 
beauties, its excitement, and the 
enticements jf its paradox. It. is 
a cool and alarmingly restrained 
indictment of what is lacking fn 
the West as Well as a critical com¬ 
mentary combined with a love' 
story of an affair with India. 

;•>. .S' ^ 

r •»*'* •' 

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04 24 Baden Carrier 

75 92 HJSItaS J. 

69 Hall Hoc 
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29 llaii-Thermoi'k 76 
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14 Dn A 39 

35 Bwrcircs Crp 34 
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31 Karris M. P. 75 
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Die Aid 

Price Oi'ge pence '• P."E 




















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54 Johnsoik-Richd 135 
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23 K Shoes 50 

20 Kelsey lnd 48 

50 Pennine MIT 51 
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61 Kleeman lnd 210 

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54i, 24i* Laird Grp Ud 





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57 fc 

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51 Ullej F J. C. 

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Ldn Brick L'n 
Ldn Prov Post 
Lorpton Trans 

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100 25 Lonsdale Cnhr — — - 

76 =2 Lorell Hldia 36 3.0b 8 4 4-9 

73 75 Loveys J. 75 . 

194 631* Low A Honor 160 a -2 1X0 6.. 4.3 

138 37 Lucas Ind 236 

« »• Lyles S. VI 

33*4 13 Lftfldalr Fne 2fl 

45 55 Lft oo> J- Ord 135 

140 80 Du A 233 


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Piv yw 

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161 37 Rowotrec Mac in 

140 30 Rowdob Hotels S 

55 S Royal Sor Grp 35 

256** 70 Boral Vom MB 
33 7 Boyce Grp 1«; 

36 10 Rubrreid 21 

81 23 Bush}’ Cement 78 

48 16 Do N'V 44 

98 30 RTD Grp 36 

28 6 SAL Stores U 

118 35 SGffGrp IBS 

35*u S^hSKF B" X23> 7 

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17 UK Electric ftl 
17 *IK Relrif'llon 32 

10 MTK Ud 28 

26 MY Dari 4t 

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36*i 11 Mclcerj L Amie 10 
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30 McKechnva Bros 6S 
33 McNeill Grp 42 

37 Micphcri.nn P. JT*, 

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41 Magnrt Joinery 164 

11 Mjllmvin K. 36 

23 Man Ascj Music 55 

55*4 Mjnbrv A Gart 111 

210 Man Ship Canal J53 

4'i Mans Brnn,e *** 

22 Mann A rivcrla 44 - .. 

25 Hannrdalc Grp 42 

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24 Marcnwirl J« “4 

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47** ftiariu 1 Spencer200 -3 

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11 Marshall T 1j»x 23 

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59 Marti-Oafr 139‘ . .. 
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22 M anil CVS Hide* 49 

87*a ?3 May A llaaxcl 
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24 10 Mcdmiuster 14 

18 7 Mmiaiitfr ItTs 11*» 

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91 44 Metal Cle-xiras 65 • -2 

39 70 Aleut Products JO t 

29U 13, Melolrar 

33 3 04, Mel lay 

67 37 J4ej U-4T.L 

17 71; Midland Ind 

34 Midi .4. .1. 

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79 ililn Manlirs 

15 Alining Supplies 42 

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28 Itliebeli C«Ua 57 

19 Aificonvrt-l*.- +7 

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13 Monk A. 45 

37 H*mu CTOlainers 20 

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33 Atnntaiv Cruc TP* -H 

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39 Mnss Eng 
95 'MuUirrcarc 
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26 Alnnlem J. 
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3.4 7.2 304 
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54 334 14.8 
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500 2.9 
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37 .. 4.8 12J 5.9 



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33*4 53*4 Norfolk C HUS 
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50*; Perkin El 4'i 002 ■ « 

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25 Perry K. Wrrs 74 +1 

29** Prlrncnn Grp 106 

all, 14 F'bnrnuch Mirx » 

74 31 Philips Fin SS fXJ*i 

325 475 Ptllllp, laimp W5 

nw- 7. Phillip. Pau. 7 

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70 PRi.ln-Mu IriL 74 

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4*1 P'dllir Theatre 72 
2* Plln HI0*S .42 

26 l’n A 53 

04 Pllklnglnn Bros 1X4 

24 PUUrd Grp 55 

121 .30 Ploxfuns 75 

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100 37 P/essejr 77 

14*; 4**i, Dr. surd 

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54*2 27 Pnrlrr I'liad +4 
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53 pnw..|| DviHrya 124 

37 Prat: F. Fate 47 

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31 Scapa Grp 

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43 Scot Unlr Inr 
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94 37 Sneriidd Twist 94 

IV 36 fhellabear Price 23 

7t S Sherman S. 5*; 

77 35 5141 a V Did ftft 

56 Slebe G..rro»0 1ST 

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43 If* Sppnncr lnd 

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49 22 Mallei In: 

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78 X»t kMllry .4. G. 70 
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31 Sluteter Ind 119 
100 fleet Bros 

34 Sleet ley Co 
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24 Staoehlll 73 

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14 Storey Bro< K 
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XT Slrooe A fisher 63 

4>, Marla G. J4 

4*t fiuroner F. 6 

9 sunbeam V*rr 22 
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184 59 BrilartnlC 

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116 50 Edulur & La*' lo 7 

175 62 Gen Av-cldvat 16b 

210 IWj Guardian Royal 300 

34 4B Halford Acad VW 

265 78 Healb C. £- 26^ 

16U 40 Hogg Robinsoa 178 

149 30 How den A. 1-4* 

I30*i W: LeEal A Gen . 13* 

12S 33 Lcxiie A C«l*in 114 

142 41 London A Man 119 

205 63 Mauiir»i WM» 103 

183 44 Wnct Hldgs 181 

254 81 Pearl ' * 232 

228 103 Psora!* 3)6 

128 • 80 Fror Life 'A* l^ 5 

128 60 Du ABr U" 

220 40 D*> B 123 

i-a bo DnBBr 1)3 

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300 UO Refuse ’A* 515 

160 48 Do B 1*7 

350 2ft«, Royal 3i0 

2G6 93 S'dB. Periled 264 

121 17 Stenhmtae P3 

<46*, 707V Sun Alllanco 430 
01 IV Sun Life 86 

186 73 Trade Inucm'iy 147 


123 47 Aberdeen Test ILL 

59 la** Acini Sera ‘Csp* 5 2 
57 37 D*. Ire 49 

2U0 86 Alliance Truat 382 

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102 39 Ang-Amer Secs 92 

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83 30 D*iA«* 80. 

4« 15 Anglo Scot .37 

103*2 43 A'ndr.-vb inr IM 

76 1S*I ABU Rrtlonol 33 

112 12 Atlantic .U*eia 3« 

46 35 Alias Electric 43 

51 23 Ranker-* foe 45*, 

51*, 16 Berry Trust 37 
242 106 B-.rder & Sinra 254** 

36*2 16 Bnt Am A tien 

67 18 Bril Amru Tat 

1», 4 Brit Emp Sec 

149 U Bril Invest 
U9*i 43 Br.-.adkfono 

«**, 30 Brunner 

64>, 77 Brronurf ItT 

57 2V CLRP In* 

66 Cable Trust 

76 Caledonia Inv 308 -2 

■jiS; Caledonian Tat «** 

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38 17 TPT 33 

680 400 Takcda Bdr 870 

m 65 7arotac Ltd 204 

253 206 Tale A L»;e 234 

63 30 Taylor Pallri 34 

312 68 Ta.itar Woodrow 






Do A 





Telephone Bent 

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Tenured Jeraey 




Thermal Synd 




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Thora Electric 





Do A 





Thurgor Bzrdex 



340 gs Tilbury Cent 3M 
82 13 TfWlugT. W* 

14*, 1J*; Tune Products 33 

481, 9 Titognur 4uie 30 

268 J10 Tobacco Sec TTI 230 

990 470 Do Did 880 

14*, 7*, Totakina Z. H. 9** 

39*1 14*, Tooial * 38** 

354 18 T«e 24 

09 16 Teeer Kemsler 4V 

138 21*1 Trafalgar H Inr 92 

33 1* Trariort C peu 14 

55*z 254 Tran* Pacer 39 
62 25 Transport Der 33 

31 94 TranwooH GrP IS; 

303 28 TruriS * Amold 88 

394 104 Trlcorille 20 




9 Trident TV 'A* 22 

38 Triplex Found 40 

39 Trust Hae Force 108 

306 123 Tube Invest 270 






Tunnel Hldg? ‘B'170 



Turner Newell 

337 -X 



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TTBM Gri» 




CDS Grp 


34V HR Opucal 





32*, Unicorn lnd 


























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ma 151 Cnl lever l 306 

9', Do XV £18*, 

65 Cniiech 87 

354 TJld Biscuit 107 
34 Eld city Mere 3 
14 V*d Enc 25 

64 I'td Ga* Ind 20 

4 Utd tnd 0 

94 Uld New* 208 

13 VO* Scientific 6L 

_-2*, Vaneata 4 

390 33) Vcn-cogln* Ref 260 

20 2J4 Vetcn £224 

37 Vibroplaut 92 

«4 Vickers - 233 

9 VlLo-Trx ' 18 

39 Vasper M 

34 V Ribbona 24 
24 WGI ^ « 

24 Wade Pottcrie* 3P 

33 Wadkln 59 

36 ' Wunn Ind 83 

6 Walker A Homer 37** 

54 Walker CAW 83 

34 Walker J. Gold 41 

70 Do SV 29 

17 Wiituricy Bugy 36 

26 Ward A Quid 78 
304 Word T. W. 53 
21 Wafftuc A GOIOV 64 

305 4 52 Warren J. S3 

43 13 Warrinctim T. 23 

43 344 Waterford Glam 23 

81 27 Wjwod A Philip 81 

125 S3 Watfk Bfako OJ 
454 224 WeanroU 344 
664 18 Weir Crp 0*3* 

3)4 13 Tv ell man End 274 
47 23 VtdbfMl Pd» 3S 

204 Weklland Air 55 

39 Wpilan Pharta 38 
96 B ej-bura Eoe . 514 

10 Wharf Mill 75 

4*, W hailing* 7»* 

64*, TV aheaf Dlfit 103 
194 wn'foca Mar SB* 

S WhL-moe 33 

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30 WhHn Child 40 
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27 WhUrlcy B5W 40 

30 WholsMId Pitt 57 -1 

40 TT/cfaU H. 13* ■ “= 

7 WlBSlna CbOTlr 321* .. 

IT Wilkins A Mil 46 -2 

52 Yf’ilkttu'n Match 142 
54 Do J(h> Cpor £88 
13«* b’m Hudson IB* • 

16 TV ms J. Cardiff 20 

20 Vine G. A Snna 41 
54 Wilmot Breeden 30 

12 Wilson Bros 18 
30 TVlmpey G 331 

9 Ta'ldn lnd »* 

70 TV In tor Newtaa 123 

184 Wilier T. 

37 Valrr Hughes 93 -2 

_ 47 Ttrjiolm Bnnto 318 

214 11 Wombiroll Fdry 18 • 

13 10*4 Wood * 0*«» 13 

35 Wand Bastawr 
23 Wood S. W. 

Id* Wood W. 

25 Wood Hall Trt 
43 Woodllead J. 

144 Waft's* Rtxaoa 

644 24 Woolwurih 

21 VortB Bund 

13 Wrlahtwi F. 

20 Wyatt W Bides 30 

79 Yarrow A C*| 123 

11 York Trailer 74 

1354 38% Youcful f W « 

68 7 YouoE H. JUdsS 7 

37 11 Betters 21 











0.8 13.0 XO 

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32.8 8.3 *-0 

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163 4.1 9.3 

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9.4 30.7 82 

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3.7 3.5 6 6 
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87** 411; Do B 87*g +1 

140 1*7 Cardinal 'DM* 124>, ■»*, 

lin 47 Corllol kir 3071, 

56 23 Cedar Ijiv ST 1 , « 

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34 37*, Clt” A Grace 27>, ft 

38 • J3*r Do C M nr 31 b .. 

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63 US Dn P 33 

13 71* Common Mht £9*, -*1 

165*2 SP 1 , Coni A Ind J04»* 

24 12 corporaie Guor 14 t 

£2 26 Croaslrtars 30 

34 Cumulus l»i 

35 Deli a Inr 771, 

75 Jfterbr Tst Tnc' 1W 

40 Do Cap 03 

53 Drayton Com 309 

62 DrayiTO Cns 124 

86*2 Do Premier 367 

IS**; Dundee A Ldn 47*, 

10 E A W Inv 531, 

1ZS** 40*2 Elln A Dundee 320 
196 79 Edinburgh lUC 173 

82 27 Elec St Cm 58*2 

Tl*; 29 Embankment 
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2iS 383 EsU(C) House 231 

£3 29 First Scot Am 76 

14S 96 ForelHU A Cnlnl 133 

316 29 Gt Japan Inv 94 

1171; 41 Cod Funds 'Ord' 103*; 

98 30 Pn Cone 761, 

00 34 Gen Inv A TMS M 

78 34 Gen Scottish 64 

BO 30 GleRderon «0 

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Grange Trust 571, 













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Cn-anlruir K“i 

Gresham Ha* 32 

04*2 23 Guardian 60 

91 40 Bambrus 'A - « 

31 Dn ft 33 

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24 Bar CTO* 33 

43 Hill P. Ins' 132 

24*1 Hume HldBS ‘A 1 47 

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26 10.8 82 
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32 7.0 42 


273 J» Akrriyd * Sea 368 
77 12 Ana-Coal Inv 33 

JO Assam Trdofi *8* 330 
Jl Boustead 33 

0 Bril Debt Sarr It 

■40 BET Dfd 80 

97 Chillmse Cnrp 133 
B Chancery Coo* 94 

3 Cfurierime Grp 43 

39 -C Fin de Sue, £471, 
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63 S6i«y 209 

8 Dawtiay Pay lT*a 

4 Elm lnd Hides 13 
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37 31*z Ldn Uld Inv 84 

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94 -- 41 Tran oh Mines 55 

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39b 39 Western HldSS J39; 

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70 32 Zambia Cupper 38 


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9V. 53 Attack SS 

151 » Berry Wlirlas 40 

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48 Do ACCUm 136 

56 Bradford Prop 111 
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31 Lake Yleu- Inr TL 
26 Law Deb Cbrp 74 
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62 Ldn A Montrose 139 < 
37 Ldn A Prov T* S3 
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538 243 Anglo Am Con* » 
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34 33b Anglo Am Inv £30 

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18 « Do A £13b 

166 ~ Ayer Milam 331 

50 XL Berali Tin 13 

335 -43 BIstMPWteH 100 

luV 5*n Blyvoon 1ft 

260 44 Botswana B5T 58 

360 JfiZ Bracken Sines 215 
334 328 BH South 15S 

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343 . 354 De Been 'Dfd* 307 

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332 72 Leslie 74 

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54 20 Attain Inr 46 

54 27 Camellia Inv S4 

56 20 CUtrntidb 46 

32 32 IteUBdl 38 


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28 1R Stbn India 25 

2S 34 Sunn ah Valley 16 

IDO 58 Warren Tea 70 

52 20 Western Dears 41 

80 56 Wuuamsn Bidgs fit 

130 330 Xtaelahat 
320 65 Jokal 


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3C 46 FeUxrttnroDocs 325 h45 10.0 8.01X9 

377b USb Imp Coot G4J 365 -5 X2Jb X4ZL5 

430 130 XETHldga 115 ‘ 

35V 25 Mid Rent Wlr £31*, 

122 3c MU!ord Docks 00 

1S3 58 Niger Lin Flee IX 

417 230 Perak Rvr Hydro 4X5 

35** 36 Bundcrtnd Wit £31*, 

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The Time snare Indices for 29JD.75tba» 
Ja'.e Juaa 2.1964 original base dale JUO X 

Drftt Mr. Earn- 7nd« 
» 0i Weld tag, S". 

Latest ftdltKB 

16 16 

TS* 31ms 7»0bs* 
trial Share Index 148.M 

S at Coys. 14724 

er con. iso xa 

Opfiaf Goods 14T.48 

Consumer Goods 368.04 
store Shares 130JHS 

U8 UB J»» 

627 lot** 14t.w 
724 1X0S 15126 
7JS lilt 14SL39 
8*45 2324 1TW 
6.T7 TA1 UCL— 

Largest nnauctal_ 

riiares 1B7.QS 520 — 39XS 

lAreeit flnaodkl 

and la dBBUUU _ 

Ebo res 355.02 CJ8 — 357JS7 

GommodlCnhnmaiBJB XS2 22.44 aXBS 

Gold Maine 

47542 SSS 29-Si 

Industrial 1 .«t 24 

detunirb (tockft 1UB s®* ■* T 
UidUHriol m m 

prerereneestoclo SL39 3*3^ “ 
3WWsrLuan 33V* SMT 3,1 

A record of Tko Bibbs SoABRU a** 
indices is siren beltros— 

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tots ihib « -m tu rn 6LC 

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price, e Interim payment passed. 1 Price at *"**!>**“!!?:£ 

Dirfdand and yield erclnde a cpectsl payment, h Bid rar 
com pan;, k Pr«-« enter Ogures. • nnad<M na»- PJ* 
csptul dlatrftmUaa. r Ex rights, s Ex ocrip orrtanmw** 
Tax free, y Price adjosted for lata dealings. .. w 




* From £1.25 per week V-' 

19 Upper BioaL Sl-Lcwk*’ W1Y 3H5 


• overnment to 
ring in new 
>de for control 

slide in 
Slater share 

By Our Financial Staff ; 

. Slarer, Walker shares had" a 

Chrysler turnaround improbable’ 

From Frank Vogl • 
Washington, Oct 29-. 

• Hie Chrysler Corporation 
says it'' is continuing to “ ex¬ 
plore various' alternatives ” for 
British operations, with the 

Today The New York Times nationwide labour unrest and Mr Riccardo said today that 
reported that a high source continuing unauthorized strikes the problems at Cbrysler in 
within Cbrysler said that the in Chrysler plants. Britain “are under very active 

ex- foreign operation to be Furthermore, the company and steady review but we have 

for djs ^P?^ d . o£ by the company considers that its ofFer last no mnerable on any decision we 
b ^2j£ nt! *"?£“"■ M»y employees to share in . ._ 

would be its plants in Britain. 
A. Chrysler spokesman 

-- A vnrysier spokesman profits and have board repre- T £. e de P th of rhe , company’s 
Brrash GoveromenC, but the refused to comment on this « nra ri«n « f»r as the com- Problems »s not only reflected 

sen nation is as far as the com- 

.... I- rid Blake institutions which qualify as 

* -f slation requiring banks “ statistical banks ”, which have 
. her credit institutions to to meet certain very tough tests. 
■ • authorization before On the other hand, a more 

wajjcer snares naa a <? —Y~ tiriffdmii make 

bumpy ride on the stockjnarket “J ** TJrated 
yesterday. In early.' dealings the findwo t writmon ex- 
chey fell 13p to a new low of tremely difficult. 

20p before recovering to 23p - In its latest 

later. Jobbers. described trad- Chrysler announced -a- '1®**®** 

general economic. difficulties -statement; but he noted that J^y’s management could have in its huge losses so far ibis 
m the Uraxed Kingdom make the latest quarterly . report m on to resolve > -ear ' but also in the fact, that 

in the Urazed Kingdom make the latest quarterly . report 
the-" finding-'of n wrinrion ex- stressed that sizable losses had 
tremely difficult. been made in Britain. 

In its latest quarterly report . The management of Chrysler 

ing in the shares as’substantial. 
Despite' the ’heavy fall in the ’ 

• • outborization before On the other hind, a more ^ .r, “S mmTihs of tbisTeaTto $2! 

ig out business is to be liberal definition might let in ■ A company spokesman 

j iced by the Government., many institutions generally' news that two i n «« ih Britain-alo 

• legislation, which will be known'as the- “-123" banks,’ e°R acc ? untai f s arc t0 h *,_« of'thas^year 

^ 1 the Bank of England, which oper«e at d« moJS SoS'thSMS 

Chrysler announced a 1 loss oo is deeply concerned about the 
ell operations of $79m (£4€hm), Brrnsh problem and admits 
takinE its loss for the first nine that the prospect of a major 
months of this year to *254.Gm. turnaround in the profit and 
A company spokesman said loss situation mere is now most 
th» lnc«M in Britain'alone in improbable. 

■ « restore profitability is bigh- 

Hriri^h Pl7 nr^lp^ a n5 boU i lighted by the company's latest 

rtw, «f d adn ¥ TS statement. Further, the com- 

0f a « maj °j pany’s management is now in 

* proflt and probablv a better position to 

” 15 ™ w most push through drastic actions 

c_ ~ — „„ *_ -...I-, year, dui aj so id me raci mat 

Vits market sbare here has fallen 
the continuing difficulties. M 15 , 7 cent 5n , Ae first 

The urgency of radical action rilie mont |,s from 17 , S per cent 
to restore profitability is high- in ^ same 1974 period. 
*“ d .. b . y Total foreign losses so far 

nmHhmc TT ‘ ■ 08 quotation on fiie part of the substantial hisses naa «****«■ 

ssrura s? jrs - ° r sfock 1 Brit3in * the last q 

S3 &?&£. SSyS Exchange has 

to impair ha chances of firSLMS £ SE5[ 


' J'ing Britain into line with under the Companies Act. .mere were no moves to 

als by the Brussels Com- In either case there will be suspenwon of die share 

„ i for an EEC directive on problems, either, from institu- * quotation on D 16 part of “ e 

■'g law. tions which feel they are un- 

V Government stressed yes- justiy left out or because the r ^ ac 

' - that it believes -the ac- definition is drawn so widely as 

J. also justified in terms to impair ns chances of improv- w phhIJJ 

ent domestic experience «B confidence, clearly one of JJJ? 

?. Bnancial sector. ^„ m!un moo,es beM, «> Ihe riS 2 S “SS. Continncd from page 1 . The Department of Industry 

er the proposed legisla- . ’ , ... . is obviously uncertainty about vehicles being exported . xs has secured and unsecured 

, innounced yesterday by h^fn^nd 1 have ^ writedowns being cut In the meantime loans outstanding, adding up to 

: mund Defl, the Paymaster b t ^ ^?° d ^ 1 n dl .I s ^e)y m to ^ th ft value of Slater;-'Walker’s hopes of safes In. the United ■ about £5m. With the employ- 

; d. banks and other o-eflit f^, SUn ? assS when' the accountants Kiligdom market are pinned, meat and export considerations, 

nons will, be required to a «?L^5BS5J l | , h 5?fJ nn not produce their report in three somewhat desiperately, to ’ the it is obviously involved in the 

fo four i^nths*Trae. “ introduction of d. French-made search for a solution. 

xi. uuiujmiij. -r-— 7 -—_ . , TmnrnTiahln jjojiii uuuu^u vuoavi^ nwuuna iui uy x>l ildiu t auu luc emir 

that losses in Britain alone m ' than it was earlier, because of pany ^ haj t0 a jd 520m to 

the first half of tins-year were The key jwoblems in Britain the major management re- its international ooerarionv 
$32.7m, after a losS all of were described in the quar- shuffle recently that saw Mr r^nor^I 

1974- -of 536.3m. In addition, tcrly statement as being con- John Riccardo replace Mr Lynn reserve to absorb abnormal 

substantial losses bad been seen tinued economic crisis, a declin- Townsend as chairman of the costs in Britain and the Argen- 

this year have been S44.9m 
(with most of this accounted 
for by Britain) and the com¬ 
pany has bad to add 520m to 
its international operations 
reserve to absorb abnormal 

cars, company. 

cine for the last quarter. 

Continued from page 1 
vehicles bang ' qxported . is 

The Department of Industry 
has secured and unsecured 

il. banks and other credit 
“• lions will be required to 

be tougher than the existing 
“ 123 certificate ”, but will not 

.- certain minim um pruden- ■ a£ fyt established banks. 

^ . •__ ■£ ^.L.__ ThA nour 1aaitl*if^An 

• “qairements if they are new legislation will be 

- » muster. “* e firs ^ ome an attempt has 

>: uls of these requirements VP a d ef™'- 

■ave to be fixed, as has * v „ e tutions which 

Siting, and these questions “JL*f“!£^ es l h V° ks or 
elv to cause most interest 1Er . bus ? nes . s 85 

s banking world, which ? r ep ^f,' ac “P?° E uisnmnons. 


to four months’ time." “ introduction of d.Frentm-niade search for a solution. 

And so far the new board Alpine and a new dealer agree- A report is due soon from 
has declined to indicate what inent intended - to protect the Governments Central 
dividend payments it is likely demand for uxisting^nwdels. Policy' Review Staff on the' 
to recommend this year. At one stage' Ghrysler UK British motor industry's longer 

Calls for the Depart in enr of sought'‘ substantial as sista nce term future. An enormous fin- 
Trade to hold a formal inquiry, from Finance fbr-lWnstry. It an rial commitment has been 

S iiwmus wuiui lt - la - the nresenr combined with the news from is believed tnat its^management. mane to isnusn i-eyiana, now accept that whic^reeu- Singapore thac the respected is engaged in taflcs.'_wnh the under state ownership 

l®E*slaxjve a on on £ te t j iese acrivi 3| s & . lawyer Mr Graham Starfortb Export Credits ■; .'Guarantee Unless the Government steps 

s iana was probably in- There was great emphasis Htil had resigned his position Department on some sort of in with some special financial 

• • ■ last mght in official circles that ®s senior- inspector in the production for export finance: support it is difficult to see 

most important question new system wou ],j not government probe of Haw Par centring on its Iranian commit- what alternative solutions will 

sre the Bank of England vo lve any undue bureaucratic also played thek part in depres- ments. ■ _ help Chrysler, 

raw the line 10 deading interference in banking practice smg share price. • However, the United King- There has been talk of 

should - be aDowed to- nor.would it seek to establish' Stockbrokers yesterday com- dom management of Chrysler Bri0 - S i, Leyiand stepping in to 

e under the new system. a detailed banking code. - me Med that the greatest danger makes no secret of the fact , rortain awer* at rnt«»nfnr 

i decided to take a tough There was no-indication last was. of along drawn out conclu.- that it is finding the British buy certa,n assets at Coventry 

it may want to restrict night of when the legislation sion to the Haw Par affair banlting system somewhat 

ml essentially to those would come into effect. 

foUowing Mr Slater's sudden "inflexible 

ip repair 

<ter Hill 

•arts that plans to drop 
lalization of ship repairing 
inies were strongly denied 
vernment officials yester- 

there is . considerable 1 
lation among MPs that 

resignation. • I The - big question is 

-m - The group’s unit trusts saw | Chrysler UK can raise 

ip repair Coke plantsasi 1 fr<e ° £ help - 

, r ' '' £300,000 on Mondav. Total 

zeover layoffs Sfaj*f' ' I amount to around £300^n. It ] f^QlTHTllJrH 

C % i u ' is understood that Slater, 

m still on at weekend fme on G] 

By RonaldTCer^, .. ,i S, < (ll fnilTldi 

A rundown of the two colpng. But the share prices of two lH M lUUftlW 
plants at BarnsI^ and Ratter- 0 f the companies of Mr James n Ppnce 

ham, -which the Mansfield- Goldsmith, the new Slater, from David Cross 
based National Carbomsing Walker chairman, were weak ^® ct ® 
Company-is to' close, will start yesterday on suggestions that . A 
this weekend. Some of the men he eve/ituaJly proposed to link H 1 * subsidii 

ice for : rudnstry. It ancial commitment has been '■Attempts to come to an- 

that its’management. made to British Ley I and, now • Ji . ^4 arrangement with the creditors 

in talks’ with the under stale ownership l|8g|igk Kav-Beran, die aiiing con- 

redits . Guarantee Unless the Government steps struct ion subsidiary of GRA 

on some sort of in with some special financial Jflm N HHB Preperry Trust, yesterday pro- 

for export finance: support it is difficult to see ’ HMm ! R resse d 3 stage further with the 

its Iranian commit- what alternative solutions will ?&.appointment of Mr J. R. 

help Chrysler. j f li l ’ Ullll, WH||K ; g&V''' ' 1 JBlKB Adcock, of accountants Pear, 

the United King- There has been talk of PfUffl Marwick, Mitchell, as receiver 

lenient of Chrysler E riti s b Leyland stepping in n. — and ntenager. 

secret of the fact . r ___The appointment has been 

finding the British bu J ce ^ “ “ . 3 . 1 Coventry ma de by Barclays Bank at the 

system somewhat and perhaps the British Govern- w i«r«- _c r-i.....u. request of the directors of Kav- 

menr persuading a Japanese Mr , E Ji &ei l e Jf. 10 ’ j ft ’ President of Chrysler Corporation Bevan Lr ^ and o£ seven 0 f 

miestian is whether -nroducer to make use of Lin- an “ J®™ Riccardo, chan man, at a news conference c U kcidiaries. A oartner of Peat.- 

£16m UK 
by Gull 
& Western 

Gulf & Western, the United 
States industrial, financial and 
leisure services conglomerate, 
has made a $33m (£16m) pro- . 
vision against a “ decline in the. 
value of its investments in a 
finance subsidiary located in 
Britain ", the group said in New. 
York yesterday. 

A G & W spokesman in Lon-' 
don said last xright that the 
provisions were largely against 
the value of property invest¬ 
ments held by the Hawtin bank-- 
ing and financial services divi^ 
sion, which Gulf & Western- 
acquired from Hawtin Limited! 
earlier this year. The provision 
is struck after tax relief. 

Gulf & Western’s financial , 
services division as a whole.. 
made a loss in the financial; 
year to July 31, reflecting the. 
United Kingdom writedown, 
though the other divisions were 
profitable and total group net 
earnings for the year rose from- 
SlOlm to 5141m. y. 

Receiver named, 
for Kay-Bevan 

The' big question is whether -producer to make use of Lin- 31,0 "y J®nn Kiccarao, cnarnnan, at a news conrerence subsidiaries. A partner of Peat,- 
Chrysler UK can raise support wood for assembly in return yesterday m Detroit at which the troubles of the British Warwick is to be appointed to 

for some deal on imports. 

subsidiary were discussed. 

By Ronald Kershaw 
A rundown of the two coking 
plants at Barnsley and Rother¬ 
ham, . which ; the . Mansfield- 

rhfv weekend. Some of the men 

fine on GM 

From David Cross 

in-the-650 Jobs will be laid--off. ,his empire with Slater. Walker, 
Unions,- the : National Coal Anglo Continental fell 4 p to 

A £60.000 fine imposed on 
the Belgian subsidiary of 
General Motors, the American 
car group for an alleged breach 

Overtime working in 
industry at lowest 
point for 16 years 

i a a normally. 

Fresh doubt Io m™ 

tth agree to a tr 

nri basis put foi 

” L/ who were ap 

bankers to thi 


Washington. Oct 29.—-The Property Tru 
Unired States index of leading six days ago. 

the board of Bulmer (Steels i, 
which continues to trade 

The reluctance of the major 
loan creditors of Kay-Bevan to 
agree to a moratorium on the. 
basis put forward by Barings, 
who were appointed merchant 
bankers to the group in August, 
precipitated the crisis which 
led to the suspension of GRA 
Property Trust’s shares at 9Ip 

By Tim Congdon 

economic indicators fell by 0.9 Kay - Bevan** borrowings 

__ receiving overtime pay a year per cent in September to record amount to some £5.5m, and 

A smaller nronortion of ago is not doing so now. The the first monthly decline in rhere are cross guarantees 

fn msmitfar-nirinv number affected is about 7 per seven months. The fall, which attached to some of them which 

workers in manuractunng cent ^ ll?e labour _ force in fallows an 0.8 per cent gain in are likely to prolong and com* 

SSStiM assbfir.'SsBrS i'MasM sis J sea.s^^s.ss3 

ffSajtlS!253 , i?S -SUL''StjSS&SSEl SHfi-r*!L5-S'“sraft 02? J he ^ 

cely in the current econo-1 prolonged fight 

situation. . .Despite,the final decision, Me -161 francs oi 

owever, the Department of Mason, Labour MP for I yesterday. 

\stry said last night that the Barnsley, Secretary, of State for Meanwhile, 

price down from 168 francs to 
161 francs on the Paris bourse 

French advocare-general of the month since. 1959. The recent fore, been confined solely to .American economic recovery. 

European Court of Justice,.said sharp.. drop in overtime is J"? ha J a re " , The latest gross, national pro- C.p cpfc Ollf 

today. another sien of the effect of dundant m recent months. duct figures, shounng a real nse OEj UUL 

strv said last niaht that the Barnsley, Secretary, of State for Meanwhile, hopes ' of un- He was summing up eviaence 
for the nationalization of Defence, is to approach the De- tangling the Pernas and London submitted by General Mot ors 
hipbaildiniL ship repairing, partraent of Energy to see if ‘.jR® &id situation were revived and the Anti-trust ^Departmenr 
reengne^ bitildSiE £ada£ Jobs can be saved. yesterday -by reports, that a of the European Commission. 

15H5I5® The nlants have been malrinv deaL" putting into: effect 'the In EEC anti-trust cases, the 

rtwica aoviRBiPscucuu w*- u*=.. ..•- --- i.___ _„ 

European Court of Justice, said sharp.. drop in overtime is ha J * *“ ”? de r 

. __.j__• „ „c __ „c ounoant in recent monrns. 

today- . .. another sign, of the effect of -n.,, .u. mimWc ™ ,i. nr , 

He was summing up evidence recession on the labour tin ?e hlvl deriined Sic? the 

submitted by General Motors ___w tin \ e nave aeclin _ ecl ? .? tn j 

—t i market. early summer. Jn April and 

e recession on the labour . But the numbers on short- in the last quarter of about 11.2 n« c f c 

e recession on the labour lime have declined since the per cent, have encouraged some COIUpUier COSIS 

•. t . early summer. Jn April and commentators to join Adminis- The Stock Exchange vester- 

The proportion of operatives May 4.4 per cent of operatives tration officials in maintaining day srated that it expected us 

It nijtiiic uuuuiub uua air- 7—. ". 'V. Hml" niminp a er“ # .V-»,Z- Tn EEC anti-trust cases the Working Overtime OH August 16 in uidiiuiauuniis were 

tyln^^Comraons 6 WhS hra5y losses as a r<S t “of b^S| J57 P rper sh! re o^-’required <murt Tends w support the^ewi was 2K0 pbreent, according to 23 Jw SSt* 1 ** ’ 

«.u unable to recover addition^ by the Takeover Panel was on of the advocate-general. the latest Department of Em- pD vr! \f u 3 . P .u i • 

. ■ sikMinm SitL^hw. costs of coal and labour which the point, oi ! being completed. 1. General Motors Continent^ p/opment Gazette which was 3,2??* 

The original Pernas/Haw Par is appealing against a decision tnii - «_■, “ e year . present sbort- 

■ - ~ r ..i■ ■ „ ,--—- —.--— uuy jiutcu iu«i il ca^cllcu ms 

LhnrZZ™ ™ ^ ai l be , r * cove JV 15 "i en a , head computerized settlement system 

ft p . 2? schedule and b°® n,, "B t J Jon .S- to cost member firms just over 

portion was 2.3 per cent. However mnsr nf the GNP earn #. nn . r o M . iotz - 

’no question of major came after the NCB pay agree- 
* being made before the meat .m±.^ miners last 
is introduced. March. The NCB which domm- 

pokesraan for the Ship- ates “ e market refused to 
- s and Repairers National increase prices . So that NCC 

tion said the organization co iv„-,* o ow ; „ New bank falcpq nvpr 

table to confirm reports- .^CC complmned to tbe Euro- . 

ie Government had de- P* 5 ®® Commission that the NCB City quarters 
:o drop the ship repair was ' abusing m dominant Al-Bank Al-Saud! Al-AIamL 
But, he noted, the indus- market tfae Dew fatemarioSa merchSt 

: consistently argued that s 10 ® that « was not. NCC ban j^ has acquire?qnar- 
Jtatlop. 4 if wtn «PP«l«<i to ; the _E 4 rop«m te Ti„ ^ 

xae anginal rernas/Haw Far is appealing against a decision h i: v-J today Thit romnares -Z Z - 

proposals involving London Tin taken by the Commission lasr P - th 7R , ^ ^ 

sparked off the current con- December accusing it of abus- J 82 P« cent on July 19 the same n 

r 3 per 5 eQ£ ‘ , . However, most of the GNP gain £8 m a year, at constant 1973" 

better than early in was due to one-time inventory prices. 

? present short-time adjustments and today’s new The Exchange is, however, 

much worse than at leading indicators data, released standing by its earlier csti-; 

the same time in 1974. by the Department of Com- mates that the system will cost 

In August, 1974, the proper- merce, shows that the economy £i2m a year by 1979-80 after' 
tion on short-time was a mere remains weak. allowing for inflation. 

0.6 per cent. Moreover, it is Declines were registered in of the £8.1m forecast, £4.6rp 

troversy -in the Far East. 

new international merchant spection fee. 

-ing- its monopoly powers in 

The Commission claimed that 

and 33.1 per cent on August 17 
last year. 

The only months since 1959 

strike, and January, 

and orders for new plant and Estimated annual 

bank, has .now acquired quar- • This payment was passed on | 1974, which is also misleading The reduction in ‘overtime, equipment. Companies, as latest based on the £8ra forecast cosr. 

of the nationalization company’s main appeal to the Street, which was 
« beea Bristol Channel court was heard..The European earlier in the vear. 
ipairers, which has been Commission required NCC to J 

i in a massive publicity offer security in the event of 
;□ against the govern- the appeal failing and this was 
lan. the last straw for NCC. 

Street, which was completed ported cars have to have a 26 per cent. 

j.. •_ _ -p» ... _ c _« : 

certificate of roadworthiness. 

Nearly one in four employees demand in the economy. 

mined to the level of consumer ing indicators now stands at cent a year. 

101.9 (19G7 equals 100). 

Financial Editor, page Z1 


Congress warning on ripple effect of New York default 

From Our Unired States major backer of government Tfae committee is reflecting and a good number are even 

Economics Correspondent assistance to New York says that an extremely widespread view, siding with Mr Alan Green- 

Washington, Oct 29 a default by the city could have and some bankers and experts span, the chairman of the 

A special report by tbe Joint a ripple effect and force the are fearful that the conse- Council of Economic Advisers, 

Economic Committee of the Con- State of New. York and its quences of default could be a who said yesterday that the 

gxess concludes that United agencies into default. 

lor more serious than even the 

States economic recovery will A final and full version, of Joint Economic Committee 
be -weakened if New York City the new report is likely to be suggests. 

defaults on its. debt repayments.. published shortly. 

They base their fears on the 

Default is' now possible on Senator Humphrey said that point rhat the psychological 

financial and economic conse¬ 
quences of the city defaulting 
would not be great. 

The optimists, as one might 
call them, suggest chat there is 

November 14, and almost cer- a chain of municipal defaults impact on investors and mar- nun - no n»u> 

tain—barring- sudden congres- would raise borrowing costs to- keis-of a default could be great ° - . , ® r , 

sional action—in early Decern- ail municipalities and “banks and that, -with there being no York s close shave with aetault 

ber. will be forced to charge higher precedent on which to base an on October 17, tuat everyone 

The new report, which was interest rates in an attempt, to ..opinion, rhe consequences are knows default is possible, ana 

summarized here by the com- rebuild their capital positions, totally nnpredictable. 2 r ? u ^ j , , sa „ u 0 are i 

mittee’s chairman. Senator Lending activity will be reduced But some Wall Street bankers Te a,rea ®7 

Hubert Humphrey,, who is. a to preserve- liquidity Z 

But some Wall Street bankers 
are now having second thoughts 

York’s dose shave with default 
on October 17, that everyone 
knows default is possible, and 
argue that those who are fear¬ 
ful of default will have already 
sold their securities. 

Court to rule on jj ow the markets moved 
cable pacts - — 

Restrictive trading agree- Rises 

The Times index : 148.00 —2-23 
The FT index : 352.5 — 7.6 

At No 2, Avenue d'lena. 

Two luxurious, elegant buildings. 
Surrounded by landscaped gardens 
overlooking the Eiffel.Tower, 
the Chailiot gardens, 
the Trocactero Palace and the Seine, 
’restigious studios, suites and apartments, 
beautifully equipped and appointed. 

Their name? I 

Restrictive trading agree¬ 
ments operated until, earlier 
this year by Britain’s four lead¬ 
ing manufacturers of telephone 
cables are to -go before the 
Restrictive Practices Court next 

The hearing against the four 
—Standard Telephone . and 
Cables, British Insulated Cal¬ 
lender’s Cables, Pirelli General 
and Telephone Cables, an affili¬ 
ate of the General Electric 
Company—has been set for 
November 20. Mr John Meth- 
ven. Director General of Fair 
Trading, will ask the court to 
declare that the agreements are 
null and void. 

. Ass Diaries 
Amber Dqy 
Bisbopsgate Pi 
BPS Ind 
Fodens- . 
Felixstowe Dk 


imai Lav 

EMI . 

Eng Prop 
Hawber Sidd 
Imp Ckem Ind 

9p tn 204p 
6p to 42p 
8p to lOOp 
13p to 149p 
lp to 14p 
5p to 125p 
15p to 405p 

2p tn 18p 
12p to 57Sp 
6p tn 223p 
Sp to 43p 
Sp tn 323p 
3p to 294p 
Ip to 10p 

Kenning MIT 
Metals Exp lor 

3}p to Sip 
2p to 34p 

Equities fell back on worries over 
Slarer Walker. . . 

Gilt-edged securities also ended SDR—S was^l.iS 174 on Wedncs- 

M eta Is Exp lor 2p to 34 p Australia S 1.6B 

McLeod Russel 7p to 135p Austria Sch 38.75 

Union Plat 8p to 153p. Belgium Fr 84.25 

Viaklonteln 5p to IlOp Canada S 2.15S 

Vita-Tex Ip to 18p Denmark Kr 12.70 

Western Areas lOp to 325p Finland Mkk 8.10 

France Fr 9.25 

Germany DM 5.45 

Greece Dr 75.00 

Nat Carbon 8p to 20p 5 , J»-g 

PgtigyFrop Jip‘o221p “JJ 

Stota ?Walker lOp to 23p G1a li’SS 

sSnM 4p p to*42p* jp . “*s 

Utd Dom Tst 2p to 15p | 127'.o5 

-Sweden Kr 9.25 

Gold rose 25 cents an ounce to Switzerland Fr 5.60 

5143. US $ 2.115 

SDR—S was 1.18174 on Wcdncs- Yugoslavia Dor 43.00 

.Union Plat 
. Vlaklontela 
Western Areas 

Nat Carbon 
Peachey Prop 

Slater Walker 
Utd Dom Tst 

8p to 153p. 
5p to IlOp 
lp to 18p 
lOp to 325p 

8p to 2Op 
21r to 22Jp 
4p to 72p 
lOp to 23p 
7Ip to 374-ip 
4p to 42p 
2p to 15p 




ia S 1.68 

Sch 38.75 

l Fr 84.25 

S 2.155 

■k Kr 12.70 

Mkk 8.10 

Fr 9.25 

iy DM 5.45 

Dr 75.00 

ng S 10.55 

r 1560.00 1 

Vn 650.00 


















39 JO 


Promotion SECIP Consultation Marc Botes!fere 
- 59 boulevard Suchet - 75016 PARIS - tet. 525.38.30 

Energy consumption . 
fell 13pc in month 

Consumption of energy *-*’■ 
dropped by 13 per cent in Aug- un otner pages 
ust—the lowest level since the . 
end of the three-day week in Business appmntmeni 
March last year: Even allowing Appointments vacant 
for the above average tempera- Fiaaocial Editor 
cures during the month 10 per 
cent less power was used than news 

in August, 1974, according to reports 

Energv Trends published by the Diary 

easier. day while SDR—£ was 0.571939. * Ram io'r imail donominarion bank notes 

qtM-linK nainnri ?n nts to 52.0685. Commodities : Reuter S index was only, as supplied yosurday by Barciars 

sierimg gamen at Pp* 2 1 a, 1143 c mm-inus 114301 Banfc Imcmavionai Lid. DUFerpnt rains 

The “■ effective devaluation rate at 1143.6 tpreviou» appl [0 lrj1iV . llra ^- ch4ane 3 and oinw 

was 29 ’ per cent. Reports, pages 22 ana a rarefon currency business. 

Market reports 

Letters ' - 
Best decrease was in petrol and wall Street 
fuel oils. * 

20 Share prices 
24, 25 Bank Base Rates Table 

?7 ^ Company Meeting Reports: 

E 23 A. Beckman 
^ ff The British Car Auction 
- 1 Group 

- 20 Excalibur Jewellery' 

22 M. P. Kent 

18 Zetters Group 22 


Interim Statements: 

Ernest Ireland 19 

20 Marshall’s Universal 20 

Telephone Rentals 21 


22 Company Notice: 

20 Lloyds Bank/Louis Newmark 20 


Half year report 

Good prospects of 
early recovery 

As a rasult principally of the decision to write-down 
developments and land to present property market values, unauditeJ 
results for the srx months to 30th June 1975 show a net loss of 
£950,000 against a profit of £747,000 in the same period of the 
previous year and a group profit for the full year to 31st December 

1974 of £457,585. A her taxation the group loss for the firstsix 
months amounts to £600,000 against a comparative profit of 
£357,000 and a loss for the full year of £37,416. 

The group’s construction subsidiaries all traded profitably and 
Ernest Ireland (Contractors! Limited and Caffin & Co. Limited 
produced encouraging profits of £450,000. 

The write-down upon commercial and residential development 
and land amounted to £1.05 million and in addition the whole of the 

1975 research and development costs of £165,000 have been 
written off. 

Having made these allowances the Board are optimistic that 
satisfactory figures will be presented in the future. Although unable 
to recommend an interim dividend, an the basis of the anticipated 
results for the second half of the year, his expected that a final 
dividend will be paid. 

When thegrouptooka controlling interest in Weir Co nstruction 
in August 1974, ihe loss for that year exceeded £750.000. During the 
first six months of this year the loss haB been contained at £132,000 
and it is expected that a modest overall profit for the year will be 

Group turnover for this year will be approximately £30 million and 
the forward order position forcontracting in 1976 is satisfactory. 

With our local partners in the United Arab Emirates we have 
secured orders for £9 million of work, at adequate margins, to be 
completed during 1976. 

With profitable construction work in the Middle East 
and an improving situation at Weir Construction! added to 
the activities of the contracting subsidiaries in established 
fields, good prospects are possible for the early return of 
the group to previous continuous profitability. 

Building £r CrvilEngineering Contractors-Property Devo/ppers ' 


associations at 
three banks agree 

By Christopher Thomas 

Staff associations at Barclays, 
Lloyds and National Westmin¬ 
ster have established, new 
machinery for joint action in 
future negotiation*. 

With a combined member¬ 
ship of ftl.000 they are fbe bis- 
gest trade union voice in the 
three banks. 

The Council of Bank Staff 
Association*, which embrace* 
the three staff association*, has 
for the first rime appointed a 

general secretary to formulate 

a imited approach. We i* "* r 
Wilfred AspinalL former assis¬ 
tant seerprary of National We* 
min - »ter staff association. 

The three associations con¬ 
tinued discussions this week on 
uroprisals to amalgamate .with 
the 103,0nn-m ember National 
Union oE Bank Employee* 
(NUBEI, tt-lifcb has • SSJWO 
members in Be relays, Lloyds 
and National Westminster. 

“Tf we could merge ii would 
be for the benefit of all bank 

staff”, said Mr Aspina-il. “It 
is not that we need to amalga¬ 
mate but bank staff would like 
a single body to represent 
them. It makes obvious sense.” 

NUEE is coin; ailing talks 
with rhe TUC on the terms for 
reaffiliation after its expulsion 
three years ago over rhe Indus- 
trial Relations Act. Officials 
met Mr Len Murray, TUC 
general secretary, this week 
and discussed whether NUBE 
could spread the payment of 
£36.000 in unpaid affiliation 
fees since being expelled. The 
time spi’n mnst frequently men¬ 
tioned is between two and five 

Mr l.ief Mills. NUBE aeneral 
seer eta o'- said: “Our executive 
meets next month to consider 
whether to accept the reaffilia- 
rion term*. The ouesiinn is 
whether »c want to put all our 
eacs in that basket. Mv per¬ 
sonal view is that nur rightful 
phico a* a major white-collar 
union is back in rhe TUC.” 

Support for 
aid pfea 

By Clifford Webb 

Coventry employers yester¬ 
day welcomed plans by shop 
stewards ro lobby MPs for the 
Government to declare the city 
an assisted area. They were nor 
so happy, however. at the 
srewards 1 plans to restrict over¬ 
time and to oppose redun¬ 

A spokesman for Coventry 
Engineering Empfovers* Asso¬ 
ciation said: "Firms in this 
area are very worried about rhe 
economic situation and high 
local unemployment and they 
will be delighted if the unions 
succeed in bringing govern- 
rt^nt help m Coventry-” At 

the same time, though, em¬ 
ployers were not surprised that 
union members should feel as 
they did about redundancy, 
the’ unions should remember 
that no employer resorted in 
redundancies unless he had no 

The ” crisis measures ” were 
called for by 350 shop stewards'. 
representing most of the city's 
engineering firms, at a special 
meeting on Tuesd.iv 

With rhe area's jobless total 
now approaching 16.000, the 
highest, for 30 years, and a 
further 2.004) redundancies 
expected within weeks, rhe 
stewards are very worried about 
the future of one of ihe dis¬ 
trict's largest employers. 
Chrysler, particularly the enm- 
p.m**’s main car assembly plant 
ax, Rytnn. 

Car exports 
| up 19pc 
in value 

By Edward Townsend 
’ British car exporters have 
continued to increase the value 
of their overseas shipments, but 
the latest figures from the 
industry conceal the fact that 
this year there has heen a 
significant fall in the number 
of cars sold abroad. 

The Society of Motor Manu¬ 
facturers and Traders said 
yesterday that in the nine 
months up to the end of 
September car exports were 19 
per cent up on the same period 
of 1974 at f373.4m. 

But the Government’s latest 
overseas trade statistics on 
exports of cars, including those 
assembled and in kit form, 
show that sales in the first 
nine months of this year fell 
to 418.925 vehicles from 435.26" 

On rite import front, the 
SMMT reported that the value 
of foreign car sales over the 
run nine-month periods rose 50 
per cent to £382.2m this year. 

The Government's figures 
reveal a much lower increase 
in terms of volume, the 
number nf foreign cars sold 
rising hv just under 25 per cent 
to 350.213. 

The best success story con¬ 
tained in the SMMT figures is 
on commercial vehicles. Lorry 
exports in September were 100 
per cent up on the same month 
of ?a*t year at £30.5m. 

Total motor product exports 
in rhe first nine months were 
up 41 per cent at 11.897.9m 


Textiles and Fabric Converters 

Year ended 30th June 1975 1974 

Turnover £12.048,273 £10.150.458 

Profit before tax £1.517,027 £1.310.957 

Profit after tax £732.231 £620.917 

Earnings per share 9.28p 6.28p 

Highlights from the Statement by the 
Chairman. MrS. Beckman 

B Final dividend of 3.2118p per share. 

Total for the year with interim—4.7118p per 
share (equivalent with associated tax credit 
to7.249p per share). 

■ The Board is recommending a 1 for 10 bonus 
share issue. 

B! Net asset value per share has increased by 
4.97p in the year. 

HI Turnover in first 14 weeks of current year is 
again substantially higher than comparative 
period last year. 

roo-'ff of tf’fi •*» ipor* Anrj Jf-rc'jnr- jrr at * ifjtbl* from 
:r.p Secret at 1 '. HJ ijre-*r PoWAno 3:iw:. London fr'.'r N fJF. 

to double 

Champion, the American- 
owned company which already 
claims 5l> per cent of die Euro¬ 
pean spark-plug market. 1 is 
going ahead with plans to 
double its European manufac¬ 
turing capacity despite the re¬ 
cession in the motor industry. 

Champion's evisiing, plants— 
three in Britain and one in Bel¬ 
gium—are ro be supplemented 
by a £6.5m factory being built 
at Aubange. Belgium. When in 
full operation later tin’s year, 
it will make Belgium the second 
largest spark-plug producer in 
the world. 

The bulk nf the ceramic in¬ 
sulators used in the Belgian- 
made plugs will he produced 
in Britain. Mr Roger V. Senez. 
general manager Europe, will 
today be named man aging 
director of Champion Sparkplug 
(Britain). The post has been 
vacant since Mr .Arthur 
Maguire retired last year. 

Innocenti protest 
by Milan workers 

Rente. Oct 29.—About 300,000 
engineering workers in the 
Milan area today struck t'or 
half a day in protest against 
the threat nf dismissals at the 
British-owned LeyJand Inno¬ 
cent) car assembly plant. 

The company is pressing 
ahead with plans to cut the 
work force from 4.500 to 3.000 
thereby reducing annual output 
from 65,000 to 40.000 vehicles, 
while nr the same time increas¬ 
ing productivity by 25 per cent. 
If agreement is not reached on 
this, it has made known it will 
close the plant altogether. 

Decision delayed 
on Eurodif plan I 

Paris, Oct 29.—A decision on 
rhe construction of a . second 
Eurodif uranium enrichment 
plant using the gaseous dif¬ 
fusion process is not expected 
until the first half of 1976. 
M Pierre Bcsse, Eurodif SA 
president, said today. 

M Besse added rhe cost of the 
first Eurodif plant at Tricastin 
in southern France, remains on 
target at S.3(Him francs (about 
£&71nn in January* 1973 terms. 

France seeking 
textile controls 

The French textile industry 
is seeking government control 
of non-EEC textile imports to 
boost its earnings. M Lenn- 
Lous Weill, president of the 
textile industry union said. 
France's output dropped 20 per 
cent in the first half of this 
year, hut consumption fell only 
2 per cent. 


Former Lloyds man 
claims currency deals 
could have made £llm 

Lugano, Oct 29.—A former 
foreign exchange dealer accused 
of losing Lloyds Bank Inter¬ 
national £32m through un¬ 
authorized currency dealings 
here said today that the loss 
would have been an Him 
profit if Lloyds had kept his 
accounts open. 

Mr Marc Colombo, faring a 
maximum of five years in 
prison on several charges in¬ 
cluding fraud, told a court that 
last December the loss would 
have been only one-fifth of the 
eventual amouat if Lloyds 
International had not closed 
bis open positions in ics Lugano 
branch after discorering . the 

losses in August, 1974. 

By January this year his 
dealings would have been show¬ 
ing a 3Sm Swiss franc labour 
£7m) profit and by February 
a film franc profit, he said. 

According to the indictment, 
Lloyds, which covered the 
losses from its owu profits, 
found the branch had com¬ 
mitted itself to buy S592m. 
DM844m and 6m Swiss francs, 
without corresponding sales to 
cover the purchase*. 

Mr Paolo Bernascom. rbe 
prosecutor, said the charges 
were not for having lost money 
on the dealings but for specu¬ 
lating without keeping to the 
limits and regulations. 

Mr Cnlombo. 29, the former 
Lloyds foreign exchange 
director at Lugano, and Mr 
Egidio MombeUi. 41. the former 

branch manager are charged 
with some 20 offences. 

Mr Colombo appealed to 
Lugano’s criminal court today 
—the third day of the pial— 
to be allowed t*> remain free if 
found guilty until his wife has- 
given birth to their- first cbiJd, 

He said his six months oF 
detention following the dis¬ 
covert' of the currency losses 
were "particularly hard on his 
wife. He was released on bail 
last February. 

Mr Colombo, who has been 
under arrest again since the 
trial opened on Monday, said 
he hoped to find another job in 
the banking or foreign exchange 

Mr MombeUi has maintained 
throughout the trial that he was 
unaware of tbe scope of Mr 
Colombo’s dealings. 

But Mr Kurt Rath, Lloyds’ 
Lugano credit manager, told the 
court he informed Mr MombeUi 
that Mr Colombo’s transactions 
were reaching alarming propor¬ 

Lloyds’ London representa¬ 
tives at the rrial said they did 
not see all the records relating 
to foreign transactions in 
Lusano. Lloyds introduced a 
unified system of recording only 
after rhe loss had been 

The judge said the trial* 
which had been expected to end 
tomorrow, would probably last 
until Friday. Under Swiss court 
practice, defendants do not 
enter pleas until the evidence 
has been heard.—Reuter. 

Courage to build 
£36m brewery 
on Reading site 

By David Young 

Courage has abandoned plans 
to close its breweries in London, 
Reading and Bristol and replace 
them with one new brewery on 
a site somewhere between 
London and Reading. 

Instead it is tn retain produc¬ 
tion in London and Bristol and 
to replace the existing brewery 
in Reading town centre with a 
new £J6m brewery nn the edge 
of the town, near the M4 motor¬ 

The new proposals will not 
affect the Courage brewerv at 
Plymouth or the John Smith 
brewery at Tadcaster. although 
it will mean chat the beer can¬ 
ning plant at Alton, Hamp¬ 
shire, will close with operations 
being transferred to the new 
Reading development. 

The original expansion pro¬ 
gramme would have resulted in 
one big hrewery in the south 
The new Reading brewery' 
will have a capacity of one and 
a half million barrels a year. 

in September 

Housebuilding in both the 
public and private sector 
recovered in September, after 
tbe slight dip in August, 
according to figures published 
yesterday by the Department 
of the Environment. 

Public sector starts rose 
from 14.000 to 16,000. com¬ 
pletions from 12.000 to 14.000. 
Private sector starts increased 
marginally, from 12.700 in 
August tn 13.000. Private 
completions were up from 
12,000 to 13,000. 

Taking three-month totals 
and discounting normal season¬ 
al variations, the largest single 
improvement was in private- 
sector starts. For tbe months 
July to September they were 
67 "per ceot up on the same 
period a year ago. when rhere 
was a low level of starts. 

Combined private and public 
sector totals, starts in the third 
quarter were up 12 per cent 
nn rhe previous quarter and 
39 per cent on a year earlier. 

Business appointments 

BAT’s new senior finance director 

Mr E. J. Simons becomes senior 
finance director of British-Ameri¬ 
can Tobacco on the retirement of 
Mr R. J. Ogle. Mr B. P. Garni- 
way .succeeds Mr Symons as finan¬ 
cial director of the tobacco divi¬ 

Mr David Dicker has been 
appointed representative in Mos¬ 
cow Tor Barclays Tnxer. 

Mr G. N. Mtiftbs becomes non¬ 
executive deputy chairman of the 
Charterhouse Croup. 

Sir Jan Lewando is to join the 
hoard or Banal Pulp and Paper 
in June. 1976. Until then he will 
act as consultant to the hoard. 

Mr Brian Ball has been elected 
president of the Hold, Catering 
and Institutional Mana&emcnt 

Mr Alan Henry has been made 
srottn financial director of P. 
Lciner A Sons. . 

Mr Norman Crocker has joined 
Hannan International Industries 
Inc as managing director of the 
T annoy ••r&mmlo n. 

Mr Adrian Ould. ACA. has be¬ 
come finance director of Spillers 

Mr A. J. R. Purssell. who suc¬ 
ceeded Mr R. A. McNcile as man¬ 
aging. director. Arthur Guinness 
Sun & Co, on September 2S. has 
joined the hoard of Harp Lager 
in dace of Mr MeNeilc. 

air Peter Schoonderbeek has 
been appointed vice-president n( 
the Byron Jackson pump division 
of 8-»re-Warner Corporation. 

Mr Derek Tltterton lias been 
made dircUor and finance con¬ 
troller of Ford & We>ion i Hold¬ 

Mr J. N. Sykes has re.-tlxned 
(through ill-health) from the 
boards of the British Canon and 
Wool Dyers’ Association and its 
subsidiaries. Mr J. V. Haworth 
has £nae un to the main board. 

Mr Edwin J. Perry’ becomes a 
rice-president of Morgan Guar¬ 
anty Trust Company. Mr Perry 
heads the sterling treasury divi¬ 
sion of the bank’s London offices. 

Mr R. L. Whiting, finance direc¬ 
tor nf the Gold Fields Group, is 
to become chairman of Wheal 
Jane in succession to Mr G. J. 
Mortimer who has relinquished 
the post in view uf his increasing 
duties as a deputy chairman of 
the Gold Fieds Group. 

Mr J. A. Swire, chairman or 
John Swire & Sons: has been 
appointed a director of tbe Royal, 
the Liverpool & London & Globe 
and Uie London & Lancashire in¬ 
surance companies. 

Lord Seebobm has joined the 
Kurd uf Estate Duties Investment 

Mr Gerard Mainon has beeu 
made a director of Century 

Mr E. C. Denney has become 
a director of United Kingdom Cold 

Mr Douglas Todd is to he man¬ 
aging director of Parsons and 
Whittemnre-Lyddon. He retains 
his seat on the hoard of the asso¬ 
ciate company. Black-Clawson 

Mr James V. Crawford has been 
elected president and chief execu¬ 
tive officer of HOP Inc. He has 
also been made a member of the 

Five new members have been 
appointed to the Design Council. 
They are : Miss Mary Me Robert, 
Mr Ronald Swavne. Mr C. H. W. 
Troughton, Dr Margaret Weston 
and Mr Keith Wrighion. 

Mr George Philips has been 
made managing director of 
Humphries Holdings. Mr R. F. 
Ehbetts. managing director of 
Filmatic Laboratories, becomes a 
director of the company. 

Mr A. G. Hilton and Mr P. N. 
Darley have joined the board of 

Mr R. G. Bloom. North Thames 
Gas finance director, becomes sec¬ 
retary designate on January 1. 
and secretary on April 1. in suc¬ 
cession to Mr J. S. Barnes who is 
retiring on March 31. Mr D. R. 
Grimster. supplies director, is 
appointed customer service direc¬ 
tor-designate. and then customer 
service director, with effect from 
rhe same dates. He takes over 
from Mr S. A. Meaiey, who also 
is retiring on March 31. Mr P. 
Sellers, die controller of audit and 
investigations at British Gas, has 
hcon appointed finance director 
for North Thames and Mr Mr 
T. H. Griffiths, deputy supplies 
driector. becomes controller of 
purchasing and supplies. Both 
appointments are effective from 
January 1. 

Mr Briaa Walker has become 
managing director of Herman 
Smith (Electrical Engineers). 

Mr M. Elderfield has been 
appointed a director of Robb 
Caledon Shipbuilders. 


Chemical industry case on pollution 

From Mr Af. E. Trowbridge 
Sir, Your diarist (October 21) 
does less ti™ justice ® d* 
United Kingdom case that EEC 
pollution control standards 
should take account, of the 
acnxal needs and ccnamonsOT 
the location of A® plant. The 
chemical industry opposes fixed 
discharge levels but favours 
consistent environmental 


This has been wen known tor 
many years and reflects the 
thinking behind United_ King¬ 
dom environmental 'legislation 

since the early 1950s. . This 
responsible approach has en¬ 
abled us to achieve excellent 
standards in the United King¬ 
dom at optimum cost to the 
country^ economy. 

How the Docks 
Board really 

From Sir Hvmphrev Browne 
Sir. Mr Donald Royal, who has 
now written twice to your paper 
about the British Transport 
Docks Board (October 10 and 
28». is so completely misin¬ 
formed about the board that I 
must ask for an opportunity to 
supplement Sir Arthur Kirby’s 
letter (October 11). 

First. the board is not a 
monopoly. Our ports. handle 
25 per cent of United Kingdom 
overseas trade, and we face 
keen competition from other 
port authorities. We do not 
therefore have a captive home 
market. Second, he seems to 
rfaink that we administer the 
Thame* Estuary—not so. • 

Furthermore, he is apparently 
unaware of the outstanding 
success of rhe Docks Board 
pom such as Southampton, 
which is handling increasing 
quanr<ties of container traffic, 
including cargoes trans-shipped 
to and from rhe Continent for 
loading into deep sea vessels. 

As far as. Felixstowe is con¬ 
cerned. the board's reason for 
wishing to acquire rhe port is 
that it has potential and is 
suitable for furrher investment 
and expansion. Hie Felixstowe 
Dock and Railway Company’s 
directors have expressed their 
confidence in the British Trans¬ 
port Docks Board’s plans for 
the future of the port and have 
unanimously recommended ac¬ 
ceptance nf rhe board’s offer. 
Yours faithfully. 

Chairman. British Transport 
Docks Board. 

Meibonr House, 

MeHium Terrace. 

London NW1 6JY. 

October 28. 



From-Mr-T^G,-Barker - .. 

Sir. I recently corresponded 
with the South Eastern Ga$ 
Board about an increase in tbe 
price per therm charged for gas 
which they supply to a small 
commercial installation that I 
own. The price had been raised 
from 5.08p t&9.(10p—ie, by 3.92p 
on 5.08p, which works out at 
77.16 per cent. 

Believe it or not, however, 
the Gas Board solemnly i n- 
formed roe that this represented 
an increase of 43.55 per cent. 
In other words, they reckoned 
the actual rise in price f332p) 
as a proportion not of tbe old 
price (5.08p) but of the new one 
(9.00p). arriving thereby at a 
totally meaningless resedr. 

It would be interesting to 
know. Sir, bow many of the 
percentage increase figures, 
relating to wages, prices, taxes, 
rates of inflation and what have 
you, rbat government depart¬ 
ments and ‘ nationalized in¬ 
dustries issue to the public 
from time to time are genuine, 
and how many are calculated 
on this phoney basis in order 
to make things look better than 
they are. 

Yours faithfully. 



Waldens Road. 

Horsfell, Woking, 


October 22. 

Appling blanker uniform 
controls at the plant outlet 
ignores the great differences 
in the natural cleaning capa¬ 
city of fast and slow rivers or 
between inland and coastal 
sites To achieve consistent 
environmental standards tbe 
most exacting controls need to 
be applied to the most diffi¬ 
cult situations. ■ ... 

Behind this highly technical 
discussion at EEC level, is an 
important question of principle. 
The British case implies that 
each region and locality should 
be allowed to make best use of 
its total natural romurca. The 
generally favourable inherent 
cleansing power of Bfitku sites 
can thus compensate tor then- 
longer lines of distribution to 
the markets of the comment. 

If would be illogical to 
duce EEC laws which rests-■ 
members’ freedom to « !e 
natural resources, sudi* 
aquatic purifying capad^ 

while other benefits, sudi 1 
climate, fertility of soil 
are properly free to 
without arbitrary restriction 
Such a failure tn use all re. 1 
sources would also { 

damage the economic * 
being of the whole eomnwijj^ 1 
Yours faithfully, 


Director General, 

Chemical Industries 

Alembic House, 

93 Albert Embankment 
Ldrrdoti SE1 7TU, 

October 22. 

A howler in the inflation 
accounting debate? 

From Mr D. R. Fairhaim 
Sir. It is disturbing to see 
writers so eminent as Professor 
Merrett and Mr Sykes in their 
article (October 201' discussing 
the case for CPP accounting by 
the use of an argument and 
example based upon an obvious 
schoolboy howler. 

They have suggested that a 
cash and carry business whose 
sole asset has increased in value 
by £250,000 should not add the 
whole or CPP fraction of this 
gain to its accounting profit, as 
the change in wealth may be 
minus £1.4m under circum¬ 
stances where the value of the 
going business to an investor 
has fallen by char amount. 

This is to confuse the posi¬ 
tion of a corporate entity and 
its individual shareholders. 
These are legally and in prac¬ 
tice quite distinct. 

The purpose of company 
accounting is to measure tbe 
profit and loss position of com¬ 
panies, not that of the share¬ 
holders collectively. The correct 
assessment of the profits of 1CI 
is wholly independent of 
changes in tbe stock market 
valuation of the company; 

Enough said... 

From Mr R. G. Lassen 
Sir, Fascinating though the de¬ 
bate on inflation accounting un¬ 
doubtedly is, may I express, 
through your columns, the wish 
that it should not continue for 
too long ? 

. Tbe way ahead must surely 
lie io the acceptance of the 
Sandilands proposals and rhe 
immediate burial of SSAP7 on 
inflation accounting which must 

assessment nf the financial 
gains or losses of individual i 

shareholders is on the I 

hand concerned only with the * 
stock market value. 

Confusion of the rwn is bound 
to yield a muddled view of tbe 
benefits of CPP as against CC 
accounting. Tbe corporate en. 
city running the cash and cam 
business has a clear net gain tf 
£150,000 on the original invest¬ 
ment. This is nnt inconsistent 
with tiie shareholders’ losing 
duo ugh a sharp decline in the 
intangible value, often blown 
as goodwill, but not included in 
a company’s accounting. 

Goodwill derives from the 
evdlurion of future profit potea- 
tial; asset valuation dnes not 
When, therefore, Merrett and 
Sykes require Martin Gibbs to 
demonstrate, that the revalued 
asset will yield increased cash 
flows, they assume he has been 
victim of the same confusion 
as themselves. He has not. 

Yours faithfully, 


7 Marlow Mill, 

Mill Road, 


October 20. 

be considered to be redundant 
by all thinking accountants. 

Once the uncertainty sur¬ 
rounding the subject has been 
removed those of us who will 
have to dn the work can then 
get on with the job unhindered. 
Yours faithfully, 


12 Kensington Gardens Square, 

London, W2. 


Notice is hereby given of the 
appointment of Lloyds Bank limited as 
Registrar^with effect from the 26th 
September, 1975. 

All correspondence and documents for 
registration regarding the Share Register 
should in future be sent to:- 

Lioyds Bank Limited. 

Registrar's Department, 

The Causeway, Goring-bv-Sea, 

Worthing, West Sussex, BN12 6DA. 

Telephone: Worthing 502541 
(STD Code 0903) 

L. C CHAMBERLAIN. Secretary. 

at *Z 



8 V- 


. tv?- 


8 uV 

fcr - 
I ar:v* 






Yparnnrind30th June 






Trading Profit 



Bents Received 



Interest Written Off 



Profit Before 7a* 



Profit After Tax 



Surplus Valuation on Proparty Investments 
completed daring year to Capital Reserves 



Profit before tax as 56 of Sales 



Dividend % (Gross) 



Earnings per Share after Tnx 



% The annual rental income on prime property investments is now 
£514,000 - 70% growth (1974 £302.000). 

Hs Balanced gearing being maintained between property trading, 
investments and housing activities. 

4: Overdrafts reduced by £2.4m during the year under review and adequate 
facilities remain available. 

if Housing activities have been maintained, completing and selling 622 
residential units. House sales currently buoyant. 

£ The Directors are proposing a final dividend of 13.6% gross, the maximum 
payable under the Counter Inflation {Dividends) Order 1973 as amended. 
The Final Dividend of 1 209p per share net will, subject to approval at 
A.G.M., be paid on the 12th December 1975. 

if I am again confident the shareholders funds 
represented by net tangible assets will show a 
further significant increase during the current 

M.P. KENT Chairman 


Highlights from the Chairman's Statement 
and the Report & Accounts 

“Spread the good word 
about our activities” 

"I have always felt that the majority of 
Shareholders in Public Companies have a 
little more feeling about their investment 
than mere speculation. Our Company is the 
type which does not necessarily require a 
boom period for good results. Neither is it 
unduly concerned in times of trade reces¬ 
sion. VVe operate best under an expanding 
economic climate that is ideal to our 
modern way of life. However, being purely 
and simply a service industry, we do need 
goodwill everywhere, and I ask all our 
Shareholders to spread the good word 
about our activities, and influence, 
wherever and whenever possible, business 
in our direction.' I assure you that everyone 
who works in B.C.A. will be doing just 

D. A. Wickins. Chairman. 

Group statistics over 
the past five years 

■ Auction Turnover increased by 


H Profit before Tax increased 


a Earnings per ordinary share 
increased 79.58% 

For copies of the Report and Accounts r 
please write to the Secretary; Expedier 
House ; Farnham. Surrey. 

Marshall’s Universal 

Concessionaires and distributors of Peugeot motor cars. 
Distributors of paper and board products. Specialist engineers. 

“The board has 
decided on a 
policy of regular 
share bonuses.” 

In the half-year report to Shareholders Mr. R- L. 
Doughty, Chairman, says: "The company has 
substantial resources and the board has decided, in 
the absence of unforeseen circumstances, on a 
policy of regular share bonuses”. 

"We have therefore decided to issue in December 
1975, one new ordinary share for every ten existing 
ordinary shares held. 

'The board intends to increase The dividend for the 
full year by the maximum amount permitted, and hava 
declared an interim dividend of 3.25p per share net, 
compared with 3.0625p last year.” 

Half year profits forth© six months 
ending June 301975. 

£ € 

Turnover 1 2,193,000 + 983,000 

Profit before Tax 390,000 4- 36.000 

Profit after Tax 462,000 4- 44,000 

Minority Interest 110,000 + 25,000 

ntuT^j j wrtf i. 

y - ;s 

V ' " . 




costs at The 

_ > UK IV 

[f* 'Y,j\ Exchi 
< ^thar, 


: Stock Exchange’s state- 
- that its computerized 
aent system will cost £8m 
at today’s prices, assxun-' 
■ daily bargain total of 
. -will do little to reassure 
’ stockbroking firms who 
Iready concerned at the 
. . the programme has 
,'sd in relation to potential 
■s. The point, of course, 
the computer will not 
y operational for at least 
or four years, and The 
Exchange does not dis¬ 
its own earlier esti- 
allowing for infla- 
iVjv^she cost by 1979-80 will 
'■ U? ) re like £1 2m —the figure 
ned in The Times on 


, lie same token, one muse, 
rse, upgrade prospective 
to allow for inflation, 
ack Exchange's argument 
~t. inflation is likely to 
e the savings more 
■ than the costs since the 
are largely accounted 
clerical wages. That may 
> a view acceptable to 
ody with experience of 
an happen to compnter 
sut even so, the exchange 
that whether one takes 
i costs or inflation- 
ad costs, member firms 
oake handsome savings. 
it today’s estimated -£8m 
he savings are pat at 
l, and on the basis of the 
iigure the savings are put 
m to £20m- 

dependability of these 
s estimates is the crux of 
bole issue. One broking 
/faich was handling about 

spending and Kwik Save is ex¬ 
pecting to have to go is for 
even more aggressive discount¬ 
ing to keep us market-share. 
The defensive merits of food re- 
tailers have already been recog¬ 
nized in the. shares, up by more 
than' a half since the interim 
results.' Still with perhaps 
threequarters of. the shares in 
firm institutional -hands, a p/e 
ratio of just under 20 and yieV 
of 23 per cent are premium 
tarings that Kwik Save should 
be able to retain even though 
growth is 

Final: 1974-75 (1973-74) 
Capitalization £36.6m ' 

Sales £65-8m (£4Q£m) 

Pre-tax profits £3.85m (£2JXm) 
Earnings per share lk88p 
(8-3p) . 

Dividend gross 5.52p (5X2pJ 


Mr Robert Fell, chief executive 
of The Stock Exchange: esti¬ 
mating savings from computer¬ 

A softer 

materials sales "reflects some 
volume as well as value in¬ 
crease as plasterboard Increased 
its penetration of housing and 
DTY markets. 

. The other impressive element 
in BPB’s results was the £1.7xn 
turnaround back to profits in 
Canada' though the generally 
depressed level of continental 
rgains a day, told McKin- building activity cut back con- 
lat it would expect to soKdated and associate profits 
From there. Also, the first half 
figures were struck after a 
£ 1.45m provision for the staff 
pension funds and there is prob¬ 
ably more to come. 

Profits in United Kins*dam 
paper and packaging were £0-7m 
down ax £2_24m reflecting the 
“full” impact of the recession 
in paper and- converting- Indus¬ 
tries. These could remain de- 

_ pressed for some time so the 

e jobber). Yet Vickers da profits piettn-e at BPB hinges 
has estimated that char- on housing activity holding up 

and on the still sluggish public 
sector building programme. The 
implied forecast of - maintained 
second half earnings rives a 
prospective p/e ratio of 7} with 
the shares at 149p—up J3p on 
the results. This suggests that 
^SKSJS the BPB price is likely to firm 
operated pool settlement a relative to the 

building materials sector. The 
prospective yield .of around -6£ 
per cent is about on rime with, 

£40,000 a year for central 
s and could show a net 
of £80,000 a year. That 
Mb cal divergence with the 
expressed by at least one 
broking firm, Vickers da 
Taking the figures un- 
:d for inflation. The Stock 
ige says the cost should 
a bargain (it will in fact 
re like £1.60 but the cost 
i split between the broker 

gbt have to be under 75p 
to break even! A number 
aB firms doubt whether 
rill be able to make any 
s to speak of. 

Question is not whether 
.’ahsman system—a 





e—is desirable. Most 
s agree it is an excellent 
pL The Question is 
er or not it will be able' 

-y its way. And in the 

ime there is considerable 

-ttent over the earlier sra- 

: the computer programme, 
checking and bargain- 
•nting service known as 
m, which is now being 
xfuced as a forerunner to 
Talisman stage. 

r —y»*untry brokers argue fopt - 
‘ 'i get a perfectly satisfactory 
L . 1 dng and bargato-^ccounting 
., ^~:e from their own system, 
i j r n as NMW Computers, and 
t i —mvinced the system could 
leaded on a nationwide 
at a fraction of the cost 
arm- But the exchange's 
s thar NMW is not suE-‘ 
ly sophisticated to pro-. 
e range of services which 
s is needed. What can 
be calculated to send 
waves spreading through 
ige circles, however, is 
e exchange is even now 
; its mind to the next 
f computerization in the 

Industries . 

>sum leads 

(creases on gypsum pro- 
ayed a big part in hoist- 
: half margins on United 
n building materials by 
l-a-half points to 10.4 
: at BPB Industries. Pro- 
this division rose an 
«ve - £3m ' to £5.1m. - 
have been four such 
□creases, totalling 36 
t. since the first half of 
.r which, taken in con- 
with more stable fuel 
er costs, provides a 
althaer background for 
a high fixed cost opera- 

interim: 1975 -76 (1974-75) 

Capitalization £65m 
Sales £82.1m (£67.1m) 

Pre-tax profits £83fkn (£5.89m) 

Dividend gross 4-77p (433p) 

Kwik Save 

Justifying a 
premium rating 

Kwik Save, the discount super¬ 
market chain, is having to pay 
a slight penalty for its previous 
rapid. earnings growth. Pre-tax 
profits £l.lm higher at £3.85m 
left the market unimpressed 
and the shares dipped lOp to 
236p yesterday, haring been 
run-up to a new high for the 
year on hopes of rather higher 
earnings. - ■■ •' . • 

Bur in a year when Kwik 
Save has had to fight to main¬ 
tain its market share, mainly 
at the expense of margins, the 
results are only a disappoint¬ 
ment in the context of its past 
performance. With sales volume 
at existing stores little better, 
it has been left to infla tion and 
the opening .of 16 new stores 
(raising net selling space 28 per 
cent to 509,000 sq ft) to boost 
turnover 62 per cent to £65.8m. 

Having increased stocks 
sharply in 1974 to guard against 
supply shortages, these have 
now returned to. more normal 

levels with a consequent bene- -- - .. . _ . . .. _ - _ 

fit to cash flow. And the recent be helped by the fact that Cana- 

Having sprat some E21$m buy¬ 
ing minority stakes in Manches¬ 
ter liners and its parent Fur¬ 
ness Withy, Eurocanadian . Ship- 
holdings’ acquisitive - campaign 
in this country has come to an 
uneasy hair. Its plot remains 
the same, though. It does not 
want to take over" Furness 
Withy in which it has a near 
30 per cent stake, and says it 
has not got the money to do 
so even if it did. But it does 
want Furness to come to some 
arrangement, or better’ still to 
divest itself of control of Man¬ 
chester Liners in which Euro- 
canadian -holds around 37 per 
cent, tiie idea being that the 
Norm Atlantic container opera¬ 
tions of Eorocanadian and Man¬ 
chester would together be 
more powerful force to deal 
with fierce and developing com¬ 

The difficulty, which Emo¬ 

tion from the Furness 

ted ideas - of rationalising its 
North Atlantic business with 
Enrocanadsan and turned down 
-die idea of Eurocanadkm board 
representation, the United King¬ 
dom authorities appear to be 
unlikely to go along with any 
contested situation. The Office 
of Fair Trading, for instance, 
is apparently considering a ref¬ 
erence to the Monopolies Com¬ 
mission. The idea, then, is to 
wait and meanwhile try to con¬ 
vince Furness Withy, its insti¬ 
tutional shareholders particu¬ 
larly-and the United Kingdom 
authorities especially that' dose 
collaboration between Euro- 
Canadian and Manchester would 
be to the common good. 

So Eurocanadian, a Bermuda-' 
based company, is now telling 
everyone that it is part-of the 
Intercast group controlled by 
Mr i Frank Narby, a Canadian 
living -in Switzerland. If all 
goesrto plan, Canadian National 
Railways, a. Crown corporation, 
will this week become an 18 
per cent holder at a cost of 
C$12m. That will leave Mr 
Narby and his family, with 61 
per ceiff and Mr Donald Web¬ 
ster, a wealthy Canadian and 
his. Helix Investments with 21 
per cent of a b u s iness which 
on the bass of the CN invest¬ 
ment is vyorth some C$67m. 

It has a tiny asset base and, 
of course, as yet no ships. But 
it does earn good profits. Aver¬ 
age post-tax proms over the 
three years- to 1975-76 are put 
at C$10-12m, and there is appar¬ 
ently no problem about financ¬ 
ing the investments in Furness 
and Manchester. a . 

Further aggression is un¬ 
likely to get EurQcanadian any¬ 
where. now, and it apparently 
recognizes this. An appeal to 
Furness shareholders is thus 
probably of low priority at the 
moment though not ruled out. 
Since talks with the United 
Kingdom authorities could well 

As the mtricacies of the Slater Walker-Haw Par deal are unravelled 

some of the reasons for dis enchantment 
felt by the Singapore financial community- 

argues for 
better Slater terms 

The thoughts of the Singapore 
authorities, as transmitted to 
London in the last few days now 
appear to he dwelling on the 
whole of the Slater "Walker 
operation in the Far East. 

The references to asset strip¬ 
ping -and talk of substan ti al 
profits made by the group be¬ 
tween 1971, when it gained con- 
trol of Haw Par, and the middle 
of 1974, when it sold its: *6 per 
cent stake to Charter Consoli¬ 
dated the mining house and 
Ivory & Sime, the Edinburgh 
based fund management group. 

When Slater Walker went into 
Haw Far, it sold its bank and 
newspaper. The , Singapore 
Government' gave its permission 
at tiie riuie, but has since ex¬ 
pressed anger at the disposals. 
Slater Walker then proceeded 
with a complicated series of 
deals, which featured, large in. 
the controversy surrou nd i ng its 
abortive merger -with ■.Hill 
Samuel, and continued until its 
great d ash for -cash at the end 
of 1973. , 

The crucial deal 1 in Slater 
Walker’s withdrawal from the 
Far East, was' the sale of- ifr 46 
pec cent • holding in Slater 
Walker WnugVnng ; .(the former 
Kwan Loong) to Havr Par, in 
which it-still, at that tune, held 
a strategic bolding. 

Although Slater -Walker, has 
never been popular in-Singa¬ 
pore, it is the group's method 
of disengagement rather than 
the' scale of its activities. that 
have generated the., political 
heat which in turn fuelled the 
controversy arising out of the 
Pernas arrangements, and pub¬ 
lic awareness of Spydaris 

That withdrawal is also im¬ 
portantly linked to the £14m 
loan which Slater Walker made 
to Haw Par. This loan, first 
mentioned when Ivory & Sime 
and Charter bought the Slater 
shares and Mr Richard’ Tar ling 
resigned as chairman, was never 
publicly revealed as ^ having 
come’from the group. When 
news of the loan leaked out, it 
was thought that it was much 
smaller—of the order of $13J>m 
(about £6$m). 

Only last week did it become 
clear that the full amount of 
the facility, specified originally 
in two tranches, had been taken • 
up. With £7m due for repayment 

early Dexr year ir is clear chat 
Haw Par is in no position to 
repay it at the moment. Mean¬ 
while. there is pressure on the 
new Slater Walker board to re- 

The reason why Singapore is 
up in arms about the loan, is 
that it is arguable that Haw 
Par paid Slater Walker too 
much for acquiring its stake in 
Slater Walker Hongkong, which 
eventually depended on the 
contentious £14m_ 

When, at the beginning of 
November. 1973. the deal be¬ 
tween Slater Walker and Haw 
Par w as ne gotiated, the Singa¬ 
pore company was not particu¬ 
larly liquid. The Slater stake 
cost Haw Par HKS160m 
(£15.4m), half to be paid when 
the deal -was signed and half 
six months later. 

.Haw Par’s balance sheet at 
the end of December 1973 
showed cash of just Singapore 
$3.7m (£725,000), loans and 
deposits of Singapore $91m 
(£18m) and overdrafts of 
Socgapore $165m (£32m). But 
Slater Walker Hongkong, accor¬ 
ding to the balance sheet pub¬ 
lished .in the general offer 
document of the following May, 
bad just netted some HKS73m 
cash f£7m) from disposals 
made the previous November. 

That cash facilitated the 
first payment to Slater Walker 
Securities by Haw Par on the 
purchase of the 46 per cent 

Then there was the problem 
of the. second half payment to 
Slater Walker, which fell due 
at around the time the group 
was selling out its Haw Par 
holding to Charter and the 
Ivory & Sime trusts. 

The HK$8thn payment 
(£7.7m) already received by 
Slater, then came back as the 
first part of the eventual £14m 
loan to facilitate payment of 
the second tranche by Haw Par. 

Meanwhile, the Singapore 
Securities Industry Council was 
concerned about the deal 
Whether it was general resent¬ 
ment of Slater, or concern at 
what his departure from the 
Far East scene might entail, or 
again, the dramatic fall in. the 
Hang Seng index over this 
period, the market in Singapore 
did not like the deal. 

Slater Walker Hongkong 
found grave difficulty in re¬ 

newing its shortterm borrow¬ 
ings (shown in the balance 
sheet for September, 1973, az 

When, in June, Slater Walker 
announced the sale of its 25 
per cent bolding in Haw Par 
for around £10m cash, reference 
was made to the provision of 
new funding facilities, and at 
this point Slater Walker lent a 
further $ 13.5m (£6.4m) to re- 
place the money market funds 
that bad dried up. 

So Slater Walker had bad to 
turn the cash realized from the 
sale of its SWS Hongkong stake 
into a loan to Haw Par. It was 
not appreciated ax the time that 
th?« deal was making no con¬ 
tribution to Slater Walker’s 
liquidity. In the eyes of the 
Singapore financial community, 
the result was that Haw Par it¬ 
self was left a shadow of its 
former self. 

Slater Walker got HKS4.40 
for each of its SWS Hongkong 
shares on completion of the deal 
in mid-December 1973. From 
November 9, when the offer 
was generally announced, to 
January 9, the date of the 
official publication, the Hang 
Seng index plummeted from 
613.16 to 440.62, a fall of over a 

The formal document states : 
“If the market price of SWS 
Hongkong had moved in line 
with the Hang Seng index, on 
January 9 it would have been 
HKS3.48.” That index movement 
would have been sufficient to 
wipe some HK570ra from SWS 
Hongkong’s investments of 
HK$230xn, and probably more 
since that balance sheet was 
struck the previous September 
and the index had fallen 
heavily even by the following 

No one can blame Mr Slater 
for the fall in the index, but 
Singapore is questioning the 
whole deal in the light of the 
desperate problems that Haw 
Par, one of its best known com¬ 
panies, now faces. 

It is uncertain how the new 
Slater Walker board will 
approach the problem of the 
loan, but there is evidently 
strong feeling in Singapore that 
it should be renegotiated on the 
grounds that the deal was not 
equitable to Haw Par. 

Changes ahead for the East 
African Community 

one-For-one rights issue raising 
£12>m wiU be used to build a 
new warehouse to add to the 
two already in operation. 

This year the momentum in 
turnover should be -maintained 
with five new stores already 
open and selling area set to in¬ 
crease' 20-25 per cent. Even 

diau National is in the back¬ 
ground, -Eurocanadian will pos¬ 
sibly go back to tiie Furness 
board eventually with ideas of 
using the stake in Furness as 
a trading counter—perhaps sug¬ 
gesting that it should be can¬ 
celled in return for control of 
Manchester, although the sums 

------per cent. --- - _ 

ireover, the 37 per cent food, though,- is susceptible to would never be quite as neat as 
United Kingdom building the downturn in -consumer that. 

Eight years after being estab¬ 
lished in its present form by 
tiie signing of the Treaty of 
East -African Co-operation, -the 
East - African'-Community : can 
expect some important chang e s 
from the review of tiie treaty 
now to be undertaken by a high- 
level commission. 

The appointment of the. com¬ 
mission, with Mr William 
Demas, Trinidadian president of 
the "Caribbean Development 
Bank, as its chairman, recog¬ 
nizes the strains that have de¬ 
veloped in the community—des¬ 
pite the early hopes that it 
would provide a lasting frame¬ 
work for economic cooperation, 
including a common market, 
linking Kenya, Tanzania and 

In fact, the euphoria that 
greeted the conclusion of foe 
treaty in 1967 has long dis¬ 
appeared. At that time Zambia, 
Ethiopia, Burundi and Somalia 
all expressed a wish to join the 
East African Community, and a 
vision was created of a vast area 
in which trade would flow freely 
across national boundaries, ana 
where, economic development 
could be coordinated, with key 
industries, serving tiie whole 
region, shared out among the 

Today the question of en¬ 
larging the community is no 
longer a practical one, and 
while the adjoining states have 
not formally withdrawn their 
applications for membership, 
no real progress has been made 
on them. . ;• :• 

The community has faced 
problems from foe start, des¬ 
pite the long history, of eco¬ 
nomic cooperation in East 
Africa ( inchiding a common 
market) dating far back beyond 
independence ■ in foe early 

1960s. Basically, foe problems 
arise from . the same causes 
which stifled moves to estab¬ 
lish a full-fledged federation of 
'East Africa in 1963—an unviH- 
jngness to- cede even a limited 
degree of autonomy to foe cen¬ 
tral body, and specifically the 
inability of three young states, 
desperately short of finance for 
their own needs, to provide a 
free flow of funds into the cotn- 
munify (or between community 
organizations operating in three 
separate states). 

This has produced crises such 
as one'which t h is year halted 
railway passenger services in 
Kenya and Uganda, because the 
railways bad no funds to buy 

Charles Harrison 
reports from Nairobi 

spare parts for locomotives and 
rolling stock. Suppliers of 
other goods and services to 
community organizations have 
had to wait for months to be 

Such problems have depres¬ 
sed morale in the community 
services, and this has been one 
of the most serious aspects of 
the prevailing uncertainty. Yer 
rbe community has survived, 
and in fact only one department 
has been split off and taken 
over separately by the three 
states. That is income tax, 
where -there were, anyway, 
special reasons, since each state 
wanted to manipulate its rates, 
allowances and so on to suit its 
own needs. 

The common market has sur¬ 
vived changes in the trading 
pattern, although Kenya is now 

the only East African state to 
permit the free transfer of cash 
to its partners. Most trade with¬ 
in East Africa is now subject to 
import licensing, - 

The- volume of trade within 
East Africa continues to in¬ 
crease, despite the difficulties. 
In 1970, Kenya imported goods 
worth 16 million Kenya pounds 
from Uganda and Tanzania, and 
exported 31.4 million pounds 
worth to them. In 1974, Kenya 
imported from them only 13 3 
million pounds, but exported 
483 million pounds worth, 
despite the efforts of Tanzania 
and Uganda to reduce their 
purchases from Kenya. 

Kenya, in fact, increased her 
exports of manufactured goods 
to her common market partners 
by over 50 per cent over the 
four years. Tanzania increased 
hers by a similar proportion 
(but from a smaller base), but 
Uganda’s exports fell by more 
than two-thirds, mainly due to 
the disruption following the 
military coup and the subse¬ 
quent expulsion of Asians. 

However, it is not from the 
problems of trade that the pres¬ 
sure has built up for a review 
of the Treaty of Cooperation, 
but from the difficulties affect¬ 
ing the corporations which run 
the railways, posts and telecom¬ 
munications, airways and har¬ 
bours services, and, to a lesser 
extent, from problems affecting 
the community headquarters 
and services such as civil avia¬ 
tion, customs and medical 
research. Their inability to cope 
with currency and other restric¬ 
tions has produced the realiza¬ 
tion that changes must be made 
if the community is to operate 

In mid-November, the newly 
appointed review commission is 
due to hold its first meeting. 

; > {. 

Business Diary: Staddon quitting I o D • Mr 20 per cent 


71 «; 

. *1 . 


ly a week to go before 
■.stimte of Directors’ 
beano at the Royal 
Jail, it is learned that 
tddon is to quit as secre- 
':r 21 years. 

‘m, who is 48. is “ talk- 
eople in the City", but 
to clinch a new job, 
1 be is to leave Bel- 
luare by the end of the 

-rived as a newly-quali- 
irtered accountant six 
after former directnr- 
5ir Richard Powell. He 
ve—should he go at 
s —just 12 months 

n savs there is no 
of a disagreement with 
dtute's new director- 
ex-Laiug assistant chief 
* Jan Hildreth. A suc- 
is yet to be named to 
who between now aod 
.mire will be under- 
certaia special assig- 
r the institute ”. 

the Sir Richard— 
partnership, foe mem- 
of the tnstiwre of 
rose from 9,000 ro 

Richard, StaddOn said 
- “ He was very much 
a visionary, a man who 
at a time when there 
to bang the drum for 


ireth, be said: “Now 
ute is a force in the 
emphasis is on pro- 
sm in the boardroom. 

He is very much a professional 
manager, an expert in financial 
management and financial con¬ 

Chilly heights 

Antonio Castilla is spending six 
weeks away from home on busi¬ 
ness. By foe time he gets back, 
he’ll he pleased' if his house¬ 
keeping bill hasn’t gone up by 
more than a fifth. 

Castilla is senior partner of 
accountants Price Waterhouse’s 
Santiago, Chile office, and 
among other things, president 
of the 20,000-stfong Colegio de 
Contadores de Chile, the coun¬ 
try’s sole professional body for 
accountants, as well as of his 
. country’s confederation of pro¬ 
fessional men. 

He is in London on Price 
Waterhouse business, in the 
middle of a schedule that takes 
in a meeting in El Salvador of 
the Inter-American Accounting 
Association and another in 
Brazil of the, roughly trans¬ 
lated, Latin-American Con¬ 
federation of Professionals. 

Castilla is also one of the 
people the post-Allende Chilean 
government called in for advice 
on inflation accounting in a 
country where it is hoped that 
inflation will this year be held 
to between 200 and 300 per cent 
—-an achievement indeed, if th e 
present Pinochet regime’s 
figures are to be believed, the 
rate in 1973—the last year of 

Allende’s regime—reached 508 
per cent. 

The Chilean said that we in 
Britain were, after Sandilands, 
at last working on roughly the 
same lines as his countrymen. 

Companies,' he said, prepared 
annual accounts fully adjusted 
to take into consideration the 

Chile's Castilla in London 

effects of inflation and paid 
taxes in “corrected money”. 

Wages and salaries were 
adjusted automatically each 
-three months in line with-the 
increase xh foe-cost of living. 1 ‘ 

There wai no control oyer 
the-rents of-new office build¬ 
ing,:-as an incentive to fresh 

Bank loans, on the other 
hand, coold either be charged 
over three months on tbe basis 
of repayment of the principal, 
plus adjustment for _ the 
increase in the cost of living, 
plus up to 9 per cent depending 
upon the type of loan.^ Alter- 
' natively, the rate of interest 
could have . built-in inflation 
proofing, and might be at 15 
per cent—per month ; . . 

Castilla, now sampling British 
inflation ar a London hotel run¬ 
ning at around 26 per cent_ a 
year. • will have some respite 
before returning home. In 
Brazil, his next port of call, ic*s 
only 10 per cent or so—tbe 
best in South America, he says 
—if not elsewhere. 

French denim 

-Harold Cooper, chairman and 
majority shareholder, has made 
Pierre Pouillot, the 45-year-old 
head of Lee Cooper, France,, 
group managing director of tbe 
entire Lee Cooper jeans and 
sportswear group. 

PouiJIct is to exerase fins 
responsibility from France. 

Pouillot held an executive 
job with Amiens clothing com¬ 
pany Fusilier in 1963, when 
Fusilier sold out to Lee Cooper. 

Pouillot was. then engaged in 
expanding the new owner’s in¬ 
terests in France, particularly 
in tiie jeans market. As the 
original Amiens outfit, Lee 
Cooper, France, now operates 
factories outside Amiens and 
Paris, runs the group interests 
in Holland and is establishing a 
factory in Tunisia. 

The group’s “home" factory 
is ar Romford, Essex, and jt 
- manufactures under licence in 
countries as far flung as Aus¬ 
tralia, all of which are looked 
after from foe Sackville Street, 
London, headquarters by 
Harold Cooper’s son, Michael. 

Cairo promise 

While Beirut, tbe presumed 
financial capital of the Middle 
East, was yesterday blowing 
itself apart. the Egyptian 
premier Mamdoub Salem was 
promising to make Cairo once 
more an—if not foe—financial 
capital of that part of foe 

Salem told parliament that 
there was to be a resuscitation 
of the stock exchange, liqui¬ 
dated with the introduction of 
socialism 13 years ago, and 
presear currency and bureau- 
era tic restrictions would be 
smoothed out. 

A committee is to be formed 

to find ways of regulating tbe 

market, while a new law would 
be framed unifying the prevail¬ 
ing dual exchange rates which 
were discouraging foreign in¬ 

At tbe official rate, one 
Egyptian pound is worth $2.56, 
while at the incentive rate it is 
worth $1.6. 

Camera shy 

EMI, which has long been 
operating double, triple and 
quadruple cinema complexes, is 
now _ thinking about opening 
Britain's first drive-in cinema. 
Bob Webster, managing director 
of EMI Cinemas, sees “a risk 
but a great opportunity ”. 

EMI has-.looked at rites at 
Elstree, Sandown Park, Ches- 
sington Zoo, as well as others 
in tbe north, and how have one 
firmly in mind. 

Now begins the long battle 
with local authorities and pres¬ 
sure groups. 

The seven-year search has 
turned up a spot with good 
access for motorway traffic and 
within easy reach of a popula¬ 
tion* of about 2j million. 

If all goes well, it would 
house twin screens, and there 
would be no need to hire q 
baby sitter because you can' 
park the kids in the back of the 
car with you. 

The English climate would be 
a snag, not only because of the 
rain but because of the long, 
light summer nights. 

Mr Burger’s money r j 

multiplier ^ 

Consider tbe following sent¬ 
ences from the Governor of foe 
Bank of England’s recent 
speech (on October 16) at foe 
Mansion House: “I do not 
doubt that it (monetary policy) 
has an important and powerful 
influence on foe economy ... I 
also believe that, in view of foe 
overriding importance of 
moderating _ inflation ... we 
should strictly maintain a 
moderate pace of monetary 
expansion.. .. 

“ Tbe most recent figures, 
coupled with the rise in interest 
rates, are indications that it is 
becoming more difficult to 
maintain so moderate a pace. ... 
Until its (foe public sector bor¬ 
rowing requirement’s) growth 
can be halted and then re¬ 
versed, we shall need ro exer¬ 
cise especial vigilance iu our 
monetary management ” (my 

I wish to draw particular 
attention to foe two italicized 
words because they are vividly 
expressive oF foe Bank of Eng¬ 
land’s (and indeed most central 
banks') traditional conviction 
that the money supply cannot 
be controlled with any certainty 
by the national monetary 
authorities. Mr Richardson 
speaks of monetary expansion 
as though he were the Com¬ 
missioner of a foe Metropolitan 
Police speaking about crime 
statistics, a worried man talking 
abour his brave but probably 
hopeless attempts to bold back 
a tidal ware of external forces 
beyond his control. 

To criticize this attitude is 
not, of course, in any way to 
criticize the Governor for going 
as far as he did in standing up 
to the dangerously inflationary 
drift of government fiscal poli¬ 
cies. That was brave, not 
necessarily hopeless and, some 
would say, long overdue. 

But to control the money 
supply is not difficult and does 
not require vigilance. It is easy, 
though it may well be painful, 
and requires only a genuine 
wish to control it. 

The Governor may perhaps 
have meant, not that it was dif¬ 
ficult, but that it was painful 
in foe sense that controlling 
the money supply against a 
background of a very large 
budget deficit is likely to in¬ 
volve a sharp increase in in¬ 
terest rates. But his statement 
(that the recent rise in interest 
rates was part of the evidence 
that control was getting more 
difficult) suggests that he be¬ 
lieves control to be difficult 
even with higher interest rates. 

The monetary authorities 
directly control foe supply, in¬ 
deed the creation, of most of 
those instruments which count 
as reserve assets for the bank¬ 
ing system. In so far as they 
do not directly control the 
supply of money at call and of 
local authority and fine com¬ 
mercial bills, they can still con¬ 
trol foe total of reserve assets 
by forcing Jong-term bonds on 
the market in exchange for cash 
(or tbe commercial banks' 
balances at .the Bank of Eng¬ 
land), thereby offsetting any 
increased supply of reserve 
assets which are not directly 
created by the authorities 

The total of reserve of assets 
combined with the minimum re¬ 
serve ratio (of 12J per cent) 
which the commercial banks are 
obliged to maintain determines 
the maximum amount of liabili¬ 
ties, ie, deposits, which the 
banks can accept. The toral of 
deposits, together with notes 
and coins, are the money supply. 
So the authorities control the 
maximum level of tbe _ money 
supply at any moment in time 
and therefore foe change in 

that maximum level through 
time. . .5- 

Tbe actual money supply 
may indeed fall below ''the 
maximum and then catch up 
again, thus for a while produc¬ 
ing a faster growth rate foacf 
the growth -in foe total' of 
reserve assets (or, as they more, 
vividly call it in foe United^ 
States, the “ monetary base.’* 
or “high-powered money"). 
But even this effect can be 
prevented, if desirable, by an. 
offsetting adjustment in foe. 
permitted growth of reserve, 
assets or by changing the mirn -7 
mum pertained reserve ratio.- 
This is relevant at foe- 
moment when the ratio - of 
reserves to liabilities has been 
allowed to rise berween Majr 
and September from 13 i per. 
cent to almost 16 per cent; 
chiefly because of a huge, m-t 
crease from £735m to £1,965m. 

Peter Jay 

Economics Editor 

in foe supply of Treasury bills? 
Eut for normal medium-term 
purposes controlling the* ,, amn i p- 
tary base ensures primary to*t; r 
trol over the growth of the 
money supply because it neve#- 
pa vs the commercial banks <to 
hold more liquid assets, of ther 
type which counr as reserve 
assets, than they have to. 

A most useful study of thi'tf 
relationship—between fob' 

monetary base and the monby: 
supply—is offered in the cur¬ 
rent (October) issue of that 
prolific journal, foe monthly 
Review of the Federal Reservd 
Bank of St Louis, which shrine 
of monetarism is a constituent 
member of the United States 
Femoral Reserve System. Albert. 
E. Burger has studied American 
data for foe years 1954-73 amt 
concludes that “ with a 6 per¬ 
cent growth rate of tiie mone¬ 
tary b?se over a 12-month 
period there would be a 95 pec. 
cent probability that foe growth- 
of money over this period 
would be in foe range of 4 to 
8 por cent 

He points put ih?t over much- 
shorter periods, such as moorth 
to month changes, the relation¬ 
ship is much less secure.-For 
this reason he exhorts central- 
banks not ro be deflected from 
their chosen policy for foe rate 
of expansion of the monetary 
base if in foe first month.or 
two the money supply seams, 
to be diverging from the. in¬ 
tended path. 

Mr Burger suggests that even- 
more accurate results can - be 
achieved by developing tech¬ 
niques for forecasting varia¬ 
tions in what he calls the 
“money multiplier”, which-is 
merelv a compendious term 
for all those factors which cause 
the growth of the money sun- 
ply not to be exactly foe same 
as foe growth in foe money 

He shows that over the past 
20 years foe actual growth of 
foe money supply for all 
periods of three months nr 
more tended to be verv close 
indeed to what tbe Federal 
Reserve would have predicted 
it in advance to be had they at 
foe time applied “money mul¬ 
tiplier” estimates to foe actual 
increases in foe money be«e 
which they injected at foe 

The results dn not necessarily 
travel across the Atlantic; but 
it is the kind of study wfu'ch 
would enhance the value of the 
Bank of England Quarterly 

Telephone Rentals 



DtCTOGRAPH telephones umpted 

O PE RATI N G • 13?;,^ 

ENDED 30th JUNE, 1975 

_ On the 29th October foe Directors declared an Interim 
Dividend of 5.0 % (1974—5%) un the Ordinary Phare Capital 
in respect of the year to the 33st December, 1975 payable on 
the 10th December, 3975 to the Shareholders on the Register 
ar tbe close of business on 14th November, 1975, absorbing 

The Consolidated Profit Statement (unaudited^ of the-« 
Group for the six months ended 30th June, 1975, is as 

Turnover r 

Rental . 

Sales and Other 

T-R. Group Profit, before 

Taxation . 

Less: Estimated Taxation 

Group Profit after Taxation 
Less: Minority Interests 

Balance of Profit attri¬ 
butable to Telephone 
Rentals Limited . 

Depreciation: Amounts 
charged in arriving at 
above Profit .. 


United Kingdom . 

Overseas .. 

Transfer to Tax 
Equalisation Reserve: 
Not included above .. 


6 months 
30th June 


6 months 
30th June 


12 months 
31st Ded 
£ £ 





























1,056. (K*0 









months to 

30th June 

1974 have 

The figures for the 6 

been increased for comparative purports tn allow far 
adjustments made in the Annual Accounts for 1974 end 
include the effect of variations in fcrcim cxchtnrf rates 
duriny that yea' 1 . United Kingdom tarition h*«j b^-n based 
on a Corporation Tax rate of 52% in both years. 

Group Profits before Taxation for the first half n f 1975 
show a small increase compared with the first half cf 1974. 
New sale business taken during the first nine'months of this 
year has continued at a hjgh level. New Rental business, as 
anticipated in the Chairman’s statement accompanying the 
1974 Accounts, has shown some falling off latterly. Despite 
the marked deterioration in tiie economic climate over the 
past months, your Directors are still of the opinion that, a-; 
stated previously, tbe for the year as a whole will be 

much in line with those for 1974. 




Berry Wiggins’ buoyant forecast 
in £2.5m rights for oil expansion 

United City Merchants 
slips but plans scrip 

Stock markets 

By-Ashley Druker 

International oil servicing 
and coutraciing group. Berry 
Wiggins, plans a ‘two-for-tbree 
rights issue of 8.08m ordinary 
shares at 33p a share, to raise 
about £2.5jn. At the same time 
it forecasts for the year to 
December 31 bigger pre-tax 
profits of £1.7m against £1.26m. 
The dividend will be main¬ 
tained on the enlarged equity 
at 1.925p net, or 2.96p gross. 

Wiggins has now gone far 
towards its aim of turning into 
a .v/orld-wide nil servicing 3 fid 

contracting group, providing 
drilling and related services for 
i he oil industry. The most 

important of the various steps 
taken towards achieving this 
objective was the acquisition in 
1974 of KCA Drilling Group. 
Though this newcomer has 
proved successful, and now 



Rhone-Poulenc SA, holding 
company for France's top chemical 
and synthetic fibre producers, soiil 
the group's fun results v.ill show 
s luss this year. The group posted 
itr mss earnings of 1,040m francs 
I £.114.6m) in 1974 and paid net 
dividend of 10.50 francs a share. 
Consolidated gross earnings for the 
first half of 1975 amounted to 
130m francs, down from 2,100m 
the year before. 


.Application has boon made lnr 
restoration of London quotation, 
suspended since March, 1974. 
Chairman says exact valuation of 
stock units still not possible, as 
total Tanzanian compensation to 
be received eventually depends on 
exchange rates for instalments 
which run until 1973. 

Pre-rax profit slumped from 
£304,000 to L236.000 in 1974. Divi¬ 
dend. 4.G2p gross i4.38p gross t. 
Pre-tax revenue for first half of 
1975. £202.000 (£201.0001. Interim 
payment. 2.2Sp gross (2.05pl. 

Third-quarter net income dived 
from S107.7m to S3£.4m (£13.2011. 
on revenues of 51,184.1m 
(51.485.8m). First nine months' 
net income down from S22Q.4m to 

Reed International’s subsidiary. 
Reed Corrugated Cases. and 
Papiertahriefc “ De Hoop " H. Bos 

forms the base of the group's 
largest operating division, ihe 
group has had to raise equip¬ 
ment finance for two new drill¬ 
ing contracts. These had not 
been funded by KCA when it 
joined the group. 

lu this connexion. Berry Wig¬ 
gins now announce the arrange¬ 
ment of medium-term finance 
I mailing some fi»23.05m (about 
£14ml from Manufacturers 
Hanover Leasing International. 
This is to be used for drifiing 
contrasts with Mobil North Sea. 
drilling in the Eervl Field, and 
with Sonatrach. the Algerian 
state oil concern, drilling on¬ 

Additionally, the expansion 
of the drilling operations and 
other activities has brought 
about an increase in che propor¬ 
tion of the group’s assets 
funded through loans and ocher 
debr finance. So Berry’s direc- 

and Zonen BV, major Dutch paper 
and packaging company, are 
exchanging information about Reed 
taking a majority interest in 
De Hoop. 


The scheme for the Immediate 
coaversion of all of £9.7m S per 
cent convertible, unsecured loan 
stock, 1979-81, has been approved 
by a meeting of holders and is 
now effective. 


Bassett’s subsidiary. Gen 
Bassett, has entered into long-term 
funding arrangements with a major 
pension fund in respect or two of 
its new sites in Sheffield. Total 
of £417,500 cash has been released. 
It will be used to strengthen com¬ 
pany's resources. 


At EGM. special resolution was 
passed approving scheme of capital 
reconstruction. But, separate class 
meeting of “ A ” ordinary share¬ 
holders and meeting of loan stock¬ 
holders were adjourned in absence 
of appropriate quorum until , 
November 12. 


Revenue before tax fur year to ] 
August 31 up from £534.000 to 
E6S7.000. Total payment raised 
from 3.5p gross to 4.22p. Net asset 
value of ordinary shares at year- 
end was 86!p (55j'p a year earlier). 


This major French maker of 
puhlic works equipment lost 60.3m 
francs (about £G.7n>), against net 
profit of 25.9m francs. Result was 
after 13.5m francs for depreciation 
allowance and 34.9m francs of 

tors decided that now is the 
time to enlarge the equity base. 
Moreover, it is part of the fin¬ 
ancing arrangements with 
Manufacturers Hanover for 
Sonatrach that additional share 
capital should be raised. 

Elsewhere. Berry has made 
an offer to acquire all the re¬ 
maining ordinary shares of 
KCA fa hour 0.5 per cent). 
Holders of these will get 95p 
a share in cash, as in the 
original offer. It is also the 
same as the consideration paid 
for the shares bought in March. 

Last year. Berry hoisted pre¬ 
tax profits from £1.09 m to 
£1.2Gm. The ooening, half of 
the current year to June 30 saw 
pre-tax profits pushed up 43 
per cenr ro £792,000. ^though 
turnover fell from £8.75m to 
£5.83m. Still to come, however, 
were contributions from two 
drilling contracts. 

Although if ended the year 
to June 30 down a bit, after 
the buoyant interim report, 
international finance and 
trading group United City 

March h ots looks to an early 
tururouncL In the six months 
to June profits were up 14 per 
cent to £ 1.07m. and trading was 
reported as active. Apart from 
timber commission income 

profits were expected to be 

As things turned out sales 
slipped from £ 138.77m to 

£127.5m, sod pre-tax profits fell 
from £1.83m to El-72m after 
unchanged interest charges al 
£132,000. The attributable profit 
was down from £823,000 to 
£726,000. But the total dividend 
rises from 134p to l-57p. and 
the board proposes a one-Eor- 
five scrip issue as well. 

Of the leading subsidiaries 
Stimpson Perkins (a tanner and 
leather producer) saw turnover 
fall from £3,5m against CL25m, 
and profits down from £425,000 
to £384,000 before tax. Pharaoh 
Gane (timber) turned in^pre- 
tax profits down from £447,000 
to £327,000 as turnover slipped 
from £62.2m to £57.5m. 

Generally, UCM is a timber 
agent for concerns in the Soviet 
Union, Bulgaria and Finland, 
and it sells agricultural pro¬ 
ducts, cars, leather and textiles. 
The financial sector includes 
shipping and confirming. 

Chairman of the group is Air 
Eric Sosnow. Since years-end 
he says there are clear signs 
rhat activities in ail areas are 
improving, with competitive 
prices simultaneously coincid¬ 
ing with increased demand. 

Tel Rentals holds its ground 


Manufacturing Jewellers. " EXCALIBUR ” Watches, 
Expanding Watch Bracelets. Lockets, Bangles & other 
Jewellery Products. 

Increased Sales and Profits 



. . 657.619 




Profif before Tar . 

.. 691.257 


Profit after Tax . 

.. 323,925 


Earnings per Share . 



Dividend per Share (gross) 


0.55 ip 

★ Substantial increase in both sales and prolils against Ihe 
previous year. 

★ On the 13th December. 1974. we acquired ihe N.K. Watch- 
case Co. Ltd., manufacturers of gold watch cases. Your 
Directors decided to amalgamate N.K. with E*calibur 
Jeive/lery to form one Company. The acquisition of N.K. not 
only makes us self sufficient lor gold watch cases, but adds 
an additional line to our existing range ot items. 

★ Currently sales are running at a higher level than this time 
last year, but under present conditions it is extremely 
hazardous to make forecasts lor the current year. 

H. SHOWELL (Chairman) 


Strong Liquid Position 

The following are extracts from the Annual Report ol 
Zetlers Group Limited for the year ended 31st March, 1975 
and from the Statement o| the Chairman. Mr Paul Zeller:— 



Gross slakes received .... 
Less paymenis to winners 
and betting tax . 

31st March 



31 si March 



Bmgo . 








Add: Deposit Interest . 







576 1 Jo 









Earnings per share. 

4.31 p 



Your Group enjoys a strong liquid position in both our 
main divisions Pools and Singo Hoy/ever raising profit levels 
during this fierce inflationary period, will prove to be ditiicutt. 

Our prospects for growth are. I believe, mamfy to be found 
in Bingo. Consequently, every endeavour will be made to use 
our considerable resources io accelerate our expansion in this 

New rental business is be¬ 
coming harder ro find, che 
directors of Telephone Rentals 
report, but they arc staixling 
behind their previous forecast 
that this year’s profits wiH be 
“ much tu line " with the record 
profits of £7.5m before tax of 

The first half has gone fairly 
well. Pre-tax profits of 
£3.572,000 show a slight im¬ 
provement over the comparable 
figure which has been adjusted 
to £3,546.000 to allow for ad¬ 
justments made in the annual 
i accounts and Foreign exchange 
■ rate variations in 1974. The 
interim payment is lJ5p a 
share again, or 1.92p gross. 

A big boost to turnover came 
in the sales and other services 
area, where volume rose from 
13,484.0!X) to £5.017.000. Rental 
Turnover showed a less 5trik : ng 
increase —from £G.2m to £7m. 

Net profirs of £2.285.000 com¬ 
pare irifh £2.229.000 for the 
first Half of last year, and after 
deducting minorities — down 
from £18.000 ro £8.000—artribur- 
ab*e profits arc up from 
£2.211,000 ro E2.277.00. 

Graig Shipping 
in heavy loss 

Hit by the slump in freight 
rates and a boom in crew's 
wages, Graig Shipping reports 
a pre-tax loss of £624,000 for 
the half year to September 30. 
Thi* compares with a pre-tax 
profit of £422,000 in the same 
period last year, and a full 
year’s profit of El.05m. 

In May and Julv the group 
sold two ships For El.75m, which 
left a surplus of E1.09m after 
tax. Mr D. Williams, chairman, 
says there is unlikely to be a 
quick improvement in freight 
rates, and he cannot forecast 
for the year. Despite the loss 
the group has only cut its 
interim dividend from 6p to 5p. 

Meyer pays£1.6m for 
rest of Keizer Venesta 

Britain’s biggest timber group 
Montague L. Meyer has now 
taken complete control of 
Keizer Venesta, the umber 
importer. The remaining 50 per 
cent stake was bought from 
; Venesta International for £1.6m 
cash and an interest-free loan 
of £450,000. Meyer paid £2.4ni 
for the original stake in May. 
The loan is _ for a period not 
exceeding eight months with 
repayment covered by a 
banker’s guarantee. Keizer’s 
pre-tax profit for the year to 
March 31 was £649,000, and net 
tansibfe assets then were about 
£ 4.95m. 

(VI James to rally 

Road haulage, waste disposal 
packaging and storage group 
Maurice James Holdings has 
fallen back, but it looks to a- 
significant recovery in the rest 
of the year. On turnover for 
the half vear to June 30 down 
from £1.37m to £1.14m, pre-tax 
profits fell from £182.000 to 
£155.000. The interim dividend 
is 1.5p gross again. Watvers 
are made on 1.06m shares. 
Profits in the latest half were 
affected by the sale of James 
Paper Sacks, but the second 
half will include newcomer 
Joshua Bigwood. 

Duckwari suspended 

The shares in Duckwari Tea 
& Rubber Estares have been 
suspended pending details of 
reorganization. Duckwari means 
ro extend activities in Britain, 
initially in provisions. Further 
cxp a nsion depends on the avail¬ 
ability of working capital, and 

Atlas Stone 

receipt of compensation from 
Sri Lanka. The board also pro¬ 
poses to provide now for an 
increase in capital. 

E Ireland in big 
interim loss 

Gloomy news from civil 
engineering and building con¬ 
tractor Ernest Ireland includes 
a steep slide into che red for 
tbe half year to June of some 
£950,000. This loss went against 
a profit of £747,000 before tax. 
There is no interim dividend 
after 0.75p last time, but there 
are hopes of a final. The losses 
chiefly arose from tbe writing- 
down of developments and land 
nf about £ 1.05m. though the 
construction side did well. The 
outcome for die full year 
should show a considerable 
improvement over the first six 

The loss of newcomer Weir 
Construction was slashed and 
a modest overall surplus should 
soon be achieved. Ireland has 
also secured orders for £9m of 
work at adequate margins in 
the United Arab Emirates. 

EHTT/Yule Catto stake 

Estates House Investment 
Trust has bougbt 1.6m ordinary 
shares in Vule C-atto, giving it 
11.3 per cent of the vote. Yule 
Catto is principally in rubber 
and palm oil, but has Interests 
in moulding and fabrication of 
thermostatic materials. It also 
has a clearing, forwarding and 
general ageucy business in 
Singapore. Last year it in¬ 
creased pre-tax profits from 
£667,100 ro E753.200. anti 
hoisted profits in the six montiu 
to Aoril 30 from £162.300 to 

Associated Leisure 

After a dip in the 12 months 
to March from £l.S4m to 
£1.39m before tax. the expected 
recovery at Associated Leisure 
shows up in the half year to 
September 14 last. Pre-tax 
profits rose from £ 1.06m to 
£ 1.13m after interest charges 
fell from £203.000 ro £163,000. 
Turnover improved slightly 
from £6.6m to £6.9m. Attribut¬ 
able profits however fell from 
£783.000 to £630,000. The 
interim dividend is L6p gross 
against 1.57p. If trading holds 
steady this winter, full-year 
results should be satisfactory- 

No final after big 
loss at In v & Property 

After charging £687,000 of 
interest against £305,000, In¬ 
vestment Sc Property Holdings 
reports a pre-tax loss of £_L05m 
for the year ended April 30. 
This compares with a pre-tax 
profit of £305,000. There is no 
final payment to follow last 
year’s total of 1.71p gross. Turn¬ 
over slumped from £3.8ra to 
£2.1m. After tax and all other 
charges the attributable loss is 
£1.12m against a profit oi 

Smart beat forecast 

in the year to July 31 the 
pre-tax profits of Edinburgh- 
based J. Smart (ContractorsI 
climbed from £501.000 to a 
record £926,000. These compare 
well with rhe board's forecast 
in May of not less than 
£890,000. A final dividend of 
3.29p gross is being paid, com¬ 
pared with the forecast of 3.39p 
gross. This makes a total of 
4.55p gross, compared with 
4-I3p gross and the directors’ 
prediction of 4.65p gross. Un¬ 
happily. the Government's new 
dividend curbs stood in Smart's 

way. Smart is engaged in build¬ 
ing and public works contract¬ 
ing of all types. 

Whisky galore- 
but ‘ too cheap' 

Scotch whisky was being sold 
at prices so low that it was 
impossible for the seller to buy 
with the proceeds the equiva¬ 
lent quantity of new whisky. 
This is what Mr J. A. R. Mac- 
phaiL, chairman of Highland Dis¬ 
tilleries told shareholders 
yesterday in bis annual report- 
The continued harassment of 
the whisky industry in Britain 
by government. Mr Macpbail 
said, must make prospects open 
to question. 

Policy, he said, was to con¬ 
sider only projects essential to 
maintain ’operational efficiency. 
Mr Macphail added that it has 
puzzled die industry, why a unit 
of alcohol, because ir happens 
to be in Scotch whisky, was 
raxed at more than three rimes 
the rate compared with beer, 
and getting on for twice the 
rate for imported wines. 

ZCI omits dividends 

Interest receivable and other 
revenue, less provisions and 
foreign tax, of Zambia Copper 
Investments amounted to only 
383,000 (US) in the first 
quarter, ended September 30, 
1975. No dividends are declared. 
In the vear ended June 30. 1975. 
this figure stood at S 15.9m. 

ZCI has a 49 per cent interest 
in Ncbanga Copper and 12.25 
per cent of Roan Consolidated 
Mines. In the June quarter. 
Nchanga reported a net loss of 
8.5m kwacha and RCM a net 
profit of S.9m kwacha. 

The directors note that funds 
of SlfUrn {dividends accruing 
to ZCI) held in kwacha in 
Zambia and were due to be 
externalized, will remain in 
Zambia until the necessary 
foreign exchange is available. 
The company bas the assurance 
of the Zambian authorities on 
these funds. 

Bormafa battle goes on 

Support is still growing for 
the Bunn ah shareholders action 
group in its fight with the 
Government. A spokesman 
said chat of 17,000 of the largest 
shareholders so far approached, 
more than 5,000 had written 
expressing support and many 
had sent gifts to the fighting 
fund. This Friday, che action 
group is holding a meeting in 
Glasgow to report on progress 
and ask Scottish shareholders 
for their active support. 

Vickers da Costa rallies 

The profit of Vickers Da 
Costa, London stockbrokers, etc, 
profit in che year-end April 24 
slumped from £671,500 to 
£223,400 on a turnover £68-3m 
(£792ml. But according to the 
chairman, Mr Ralph Vickers, 
turnover since then has in¬ 
creased and the company has 
made an unproved profit. Busi¬ 
ness in Hongkong has recovered 

Bleak Caravans fnt 

After making a loss of 
£363.000 in the first six months 
to February 28, Caravans Inter¬ 
national thinks the full year will 
show a profit. Tlie group will 
announce its results for the year 
to August 31 on December 10. 
Last year the group reported a 
pre-tax profit of £549,000. The 
interim dividend is slashed from 
1.04p to 0.30p and the board 
says payment of a final divi-- 
dend is unlikely. 

Renewed nervousness over 
the Slater, Walker situation sent 
share prices tumbling over a 
broad front on rhe London 
stock market yesterday. 

Late in the session, there was 
a muted attempt at a rally, but 
most of the industry leader* 
were left several pence down 
on the day. 

Against a background of sus¬ 
pension fears, S}V .shares en¬ 
countered speculative selling 
and plunged by l^P to J)p 
fuirlv early. 3 hey tame back 
3p later and at the end stood 
a, 23p, a uer faJJ of 10p. They 
ranked as the most active coun¬ 
ter of the day. 

As on the two previous dav*. 
the shares associated with.MV, 
notably Lubok Investments 

As indicated here last track, 
shares in BP have baulked « 
t7ie £6 mark and after a iurliter 
fall of I2p yesterday. non- stand 
nr 575p. Bearish nee* mw 
■S trengthened after publication 
of a “sell” circular irom a 
leading stockbroker. 

(down 3p to UjP 1 sutfered in 
, svnipathy and once - again Cav- 
enham (down 6p ro loSpi were 
badly hit through the involve- 
ment of Mr James Goldsmith 
in the situation. 

Bv 11 am, the FT Index had 
j slid’ 7.4 to 352.7 and, though 
the mid-afternoon rally cut back 
the decline to 6.3 at o pin, the 
closing figure of 352.5 was 
off and the low point of the 

The fixed-interest market also 
i gave ground with opening rises 
! of up to one-quarrer being re- 
! placed with losses of the same 
order by the end. 

Worst hit among the indus- 

■ trial leaders were Glaxo, which 
: gave no ~p to 33Sp, Unilever 
i 6p to 39Gp. and EMI down by 
r the same amount ro 223p after 
i the recent firmness brought 
• about by the scanner orders. 

■ Easier by more modest 
amounts were Bcecham 3l4p. 

! FIsons 37Sp, and ICI 294p, and 
, all off by 3p. 

! Worried by tbe Manchester 
| cutbacks, newsprint issues like 
> Reed and Bo water were soft 
I spots early in the day. In tbe 
! case of * Reed, profit-taking 
| after recent good gains was an 
added complication, but by the 
end of trading the share had 
recovered sufficiently for an 
unchanged 24Sp, after 242p: 

; Ro water was left a penny down 

■ to 178p. 

| The building pitch was also 
j the centre of some interest and 
in the main stayed firmer than 
i the market average. Tbe spur 
was better-than-expected in- 
! terim results from BPB Indus- 
! tries, which boosted the shares 
no less than 13p to 149p and 
1 reaffirmed the modest revival 
i in housebuilding which has 
been brought out by outer 
recent results in the sector,^ 

Another factor is a 
| rumour of a major takeover 
1 the industry. The 
Wimpey (unchanged at 
is mentioned and thereJgs 
even been speetdsaon about.jpe 
highly-successful Costam fatso 
unchanged, at 228p). Most 
dealers give little credence to 
either suggestion, asking, who 
would buy them, the Arabs ? 

Wall Street 

The onlv major to lose ground 
«4s Taylor Woodrow, 2p lo 

29 lK‘ foods, the fact that the 
Panel is not to he involved in 
the FMC-NFU dispute had the 
former’s shares 3p down to 64p. 
while Kwik Save found that 
higher profits disappointed and 
theshares slumped 3Dp to 236p. 
Against the trend, an isolated 
firm spot was Mavnards, up 5p 
to 370p. Tate & Lyle came 
back 3p co 234p after luesday s 
8p advance. 

Shipping shares saw Ocean 
adding half a point to128p after 
the news that a Belgian asso¬ 
ciate had negotiated charters For 
two new buildings. Furness 
Withv, 223p, lost all of the pre¬ 
vious day’s Gp gain which was 
brought about by results and 
Graig Shipping were not happy 
after an interim loss and lost 
10p. The best In stores was 
Debenhams where the promis¬ 
ing outlook had the share hold¬ 
ing firm most of the day and 
ending 2p better to 80p. British 
Home Stores held on to 367p, 
hut both Gits “A”, l92p, add 
Marks & Spencer, lOOp, lost 
three points. 

Reports of adverse legislation 
in Belgium did. nothing For the 
property pitch where English 
Property 43p. and Land Securi¬ 
ties 163p both lost 5p and 
MEPC shed a penny more to 
5Sp. Sentiment was also affec¬ 
ted here by reports that a 
gloomy brokers’ circular oa che 
sector is on the way. 

Banks were led down by 
Midland (9p to Z84p), but there 
were also losses of 5p by 
National ’Westminster 240p and 
Barclays 298p. Results from 
Allied Irish firmed the shares 
5p to 12Sp. 

Both Royal 3l0p and Pearl 
222p gave up 6p in insurances. 
Isolated features included 
National Carbonising, down 8p 
to 20p after news of the closure 
of two coking plants and Berry 
Wiggins whose rights issue is 
at 33p against a closing price 
of 49p, off a penny. 

The Cavenham associate, 
Anglo Continental Finance shed 
4p to 53p. Revived merger 
situations boosted Consolidated 
Tea & Land 40p to 3G0p, Cess- 
nock l5p to 215p and West Nile 
l5p to 305p. 

Gold shares managed to r* 
by up to 25p and went j 
better after hours. But AusS I 
lian mines were a dull marS" 
Profits statement had T t L 
phone Rentals a couple rf 
points off to 91p, London tJ 
a penny firmer to tsZp a !z 
Associated Leisure edsiho 
ahead to 25Jp. Hailed Cfc! 
Merchants were unchanged i 
29o. - 

Though there was little mo**'- 
ment, che leaders tended easier 
after hours. Banks also cam. • 
down, by a couple of pence, and . 

E Ireland shed 4p to 2lp afj t L- 
a a interim loss. . \ 

Gilts softened yesterday, 
fluenced by the sharp fill 
equities. However, trading ln 
Government stocks was fairi.. \ 
thin overall. * 1 

Short-dated stocks fell by i- ! ! 
point at one stage, before'r£- 
covering L32 and ending ^ 
a net luss of 3-32 point. Lon*. - 
dared stocks were more . ; 

Redman Ueenan Imemaiiantf j 
shares have hardened to J2}„ ; 

as gamblers bet on U\ u 
engineering group returning /„ J 
the diridend list. The group-u ) 
thought to be recovering • ■ 
steadily from the lossmakini 
disaster of 1971. There has hen ^ 
no dividend since 1970. 

but generally closed unchanged 
or 1-16 point lower, after show- 
ing rises of a j point earlier in 
the day. 

The Slater, Walker affair- 
appeared ro be worrying the 
gilts market, dealers said. Ahcr 
hours, there was a slight im¬ 

Equity turnover on October ' 
was £6S.6m (15,514 bargains). 
According to Exchange Tele¬ 
graph, active stocks yesterday 
were Slater Walker. ICI. Dis- 
tillers, Shelf, BP. Rank “A" 
Unilever, Reed International, 
Grand Metropolitan ordinal 
and new, British American 
Tobacco, English Property. Bar¬ 
clays Bank, Midland Bank. 
National Westminster Bank, 
BPB, Lubok Investment*. 
National Carbonising, Kwik 
Save, Hawker Siddeicy and 
Hanson Trust. 

Latest dividends 







land par values) 






Allied Irish Banks (25p) Inr 2.37 





Ampul Exp (50c) Fin 






Assoc Leisure (5pj Int 



3 2 



Berry Wiggins (25p) Fin 






Border Sc South Slock (lOp) 






Caravans Int (20p) lot 






aty & Int Trust (25p) Fin 






Copydcx (I0p> fnc 






Gresham House (25p) Fin 











Ernest Ireland {25pJ Int 






Maurice James flop) Inr.. 


. ...1 




Kwik Save Fin 






London Tin <20p) rnt 





7.0 • 

Sec Scot Inv (25p) .Fia . 






Sbiloh Spin (23pl Int 


0:75 • 




Tei Rentals (25p) lot . 



- — 



United City Mcrth (10pV FJn 0.42 



0 32 

H. Woodward f iz.spj Cot 


o af»‘ AV 


0.8 •' 

Dividends in this table are shown ner of tax on pence per share. Els;, 
where ia Business News dividends a re showa an a gross basis, ‘it 
establish gross, multiply the net divlderfit by LS4. " Gross. ** Fore¬ 
cast on enlarged equity. ■ 

If only Atlas had taken 125p 

The resistance of the Adds 
Stone directors rn the bigger 
offer from the Belgian com¬ 
pany Eiernit crumbled yester¬ 
day. The bidders were per¬ 
suaded ro allow shareholders a 
last dividend which will be paid 
as soon as the bid becomes un¬ 
conditional—probably in the 
second half nf nexi mooch. So 

against the 95p 2 t which Eternit 
launched its bid in September 
this year, shareholders arc now 
advised to accept terms which 
will give them ll5p a share and 
a dividend worth 4.6p gross. 

Thar is below the 3.3Sp a 
share gross final dividend which 
shareholders were promised as 
part of rhe defence; but with 
the 2.33p per share gross in¬ 
terim dividend which they have 
had already, it is the maximum 
payable under the government’s 
dividend limitation policy—in 
the absence of special circum¬ 
stances such as a contested bid- 
Buc shareholders still emerge 
from the business the poorer 
for the failure of the talks 
which Eternit was having with 
Atlas in the winter of 1973*74. 

At that srage Erernit was 
able to contemplate with 
equanimity the prospect of pay¬ 
ing 125p per share for Atlas 
Stone's corrugated cladding 
manufacturing capacity. 

Although Eternit is one of rhe 
world's biggest asbestos cement 
manufacturers, it has no mami- 
fpeturing capacity in the United 
Kingdom at the moment; and 
its British subsidiary, G. R. 
Speaker, imports the asbestos 
cement slates and the marble- 
like glazed wall finishes in 
which it specializes from 

To do likewise for tbe corru¬ 
gated cladding which Eternit 
does make in vast quantities in 
Europe was out of the question: 
for one thing British specifica¬ 
tions are different, and for 
another the profits on such a 
high volume, low margin pro¬ 
duct—and one in which there is 
substantial British competition 
in the shape, for example, of 
Turner St NewaD—would never 
justify the exerdse. 

Under these _ circumstances 
Etorn it’s continuing interest in 
Adas—with a 9.9 per cent stake 
in tbe company being quietly 

built up as che shares fell after 
the failure of the January 1974 
talks—becomes entirely compre- 
hensible: and the only question 
for shareholders is whether 
their board might not have held 
out for more. 

But with almost two years of 
falling profits under its belt— 
the board has forecast profits 
of ESIOJDOO ahead of a £40,000 
credit on the sale of securities 
for the year to end-Ociober, 
against £925,000 before tax in 
1972-73—the group would have 
been hard pressed to make a 
credible case: as it is, share¬ 
holders are being invited in sell 
out at almost 12 times prospec¬ 
tive earnings. 

True, Atlas has been spending 
heavily on expanding produc¬ 
tion capacity over the past 
couple of years, and running its 
£650,000 liquidity resources 
right down in tbe process. Bur 
how long it will be before that 

New York, Oct 29.—Stocks on 
die New York stock exchange sold 
off sharply today amid growing 
conrictioa that a New York City 
financial collapse cannot ne 
| averted. 

The Dow Jones industrial aver¬ 
age sank 12.83 points to 838.83. 

I Declining issues overwhelmed 
gains about 1,080 co 350. 

Volume totalled 16,110,000 
, shares compared with 17,060,000 

President Ford announced today 
that he would veto any legislation 
m avert a financial collapse by 
New York City. Deeply In debt.- 
the city Is faced with default by 
I early December at the latest. 
Among mosr active issues, a 
block of 100,iHK) sharia of Great 
I Western Financial traded at 141, 
off s, with tbe issue closing at 
13;. And a block or 100,000 shares 
of British Petroleum was traded at 
11 J wirh the closing at 11J- 
Chrysler was ofr I at 101- I« 
other car stocks. Ford was down i 
to 40 and General Motors dosed 
at 5S( unchanged. CM reported 
higher-than-expecred third quarter 

Gold gains up to $1.60 

dov llrm l A modMMtdV bcHvh (mdlKMI. 
The New York Uwrt *onrd 7u c«H» 

10 C1.6U. whlli* Ihe Chicago !.•!.'( 

I iiosed umaiaonea to 51.20 tower. 

N( COMEX.-—Nov. S14^i.oO. Dijj- 
Siu IO: l-f-h. 5145.70: Auril. 

S14T.V): June. sl4 Ji!- 4u '~.r- A Vfi’ Qcl $ Due. Sl!i.».lU: 
rob. SjVToij. CHICAGO IMM-Dn. 

SI ,14 10-144.nib: March. SUn litt- 
146770: June. SM-Vin bid: Seri. 
M.XJ.40 hid: Dec. {>105 SO bid: March. 


SILVER.— Fulunn wi-re UT.-iiuLir Jl 
Uiu close «nd quotations finished «i 50 
(D 1.5U cent higher atnr uj-lno un 
more tlutn 5.00 cents. Nov, 4U2.40CT 
Dec. 425-OQc: Jan. 42B30C. March. 
4X5.50c. Mai', 442.60C! JUlr 44-i.7i<c- 
Sent, 456.TOC: One. «¥T.l«Ji. J.m. 
470,40c. Handy and H.irman S42J 
i previous S41Vi. Handy and Harman 
ol Uanailn. Can V4.oT.-l »pro\Inus Cm 

copper.—Fuiupw rimed rvrm bo- 
lueen HO and ISO points tin an 5.-13H 
lo!9, NOV. 64.6Uc: D<--C. 05 I He. Jan. 
S3.70cj March. 56.Apr: May. 57.'.i0tf: 
jury, aq.ooi:: sen*. *k 3> ooc. 
sugar.—W orld sugar lomres In No 

11 contract Mt»d near ihe day's lows 
ar ihe close on acUve Irudn v-Nlng and 
small slon (uvs action. Final prtcci 
vriT*- 0.33 to O.IH enni lower. Jan. 
(1.55c nnniimi: March, l'i,.W-"**r. 
May, J4.2U-2-U:: Julv. ta.uo-rtc. S*-n1. 
14.15-iac: ott. 1 4 1I>-12*': March. 
J.i.rwc. Spot. 14.00c. off L!U 
COTTOH.—lunirw milled la id in the 
••es^lan. IQ close With moderate gains. 
Qi-c. ra-ftO-TGc: March. . < Vi.fl«J,ii5c: 
Mijj, &J.HO- 1 Vk-. Julv. 5S.lS3-.'SUc: Oc;. 
r.r, so-JOc; Dec. sti.’H-snc. March: ■ 

COFKEt.—fuiurw In ■■ C ■■ contract 
(inishod another iiinii-N, snuian ,u 
unchanged to rent highnr. Sam* 

were poor ar 2<W (on. Nov. SG10-3OT: 
Dp<.; March. 60.50c: Wav. 
50.70c. July. 81.U5-6CW- Sept. H 2 . 00 - 

COCOA.—Funny, cioitus steady - on 
sales of 1,217 lota. Dec. fil.5ric" 
March. rrt.flOc: May. 55.30c; July. 
55.45c: Sept. S2.4tiC: Dec. ao.nuc: 
March. , unquoted,. Spuu. Ghana 
unquoted, pahla. Me. 

52.50 lo 51.00 helped by sMcolatlVo 
and expon routed buying against crush 
soles seen In March and May product*. 
Oil closed miecd, up 0.14 to off O 15 
cent a lb halpcd by refiner rotated and 
exMrtcr auopoii, 

SOYABEANS.—Nov, 493-?Sc; Jan, 
604-oac; March. 513-Xfe; Mur, 503- 

VUml rhrm. n 1 . 

Allied Stores Ml* 

A lilt'd Supt-miftr. 

■Ull' I'luiir.or.. liv 

' W| 

Ani4x In,- WV 

Aiuersdb H«ni 
Am Alrlim-fc 7li 

An-.. Itriinds . 35*, 

Am. Dniadidtst 31 

on ik-i 

21 J» 

33V F<ird . 40 - 

G.A.F. Vurp. fP<\ 

JV 'JamWe 5kmnne : Zlv . 
li't Ci-u.-Dyoain. 

36*1 <i*n l". 1 e»-irl>* iii 
»d» i>n Fw.irt4 ' JW; 
hU« tjen: (U«lr. A 

T - rn-o. 31 ills 
3ii ‘ ilen. Mniorv 
3J‘a GonPiih L ul K .Y." iMt 

tic: fi*-i 
•_« li 

liW.-Trl FI 

Am. Cyiiu. 


Sen Tin.’ • ' 

Mb . 

Am E'-P’*“'x'r 



Gen Haul 



lit-Liiyiz »’-r 




Ri-Il*- Oil 





tiv - 



IS?<1yejr . 




Ilnlllll Ini'. 



M - 

fit Al * I'*-. 









iinimmau ip 


.Ul. JUu-WUld 



».nlf Oil 

'■mi xi'n. Iml. 


Avon fTnd. 



Ili-inr. H. J 

BabenA-k MXinx 


is V 



B mUrri IM W 



U .it1"il urll 

Bunk ul A!U. 



it fn«- 


liunfc »t N v. =», 17 

B<-al FU-. 33 »« JJ 

PHI 4 H-iWHI 15V It 

Bmiilt 411* • 4.7 

Beil,. .H> a :« 

Bi-rlnr J»* 3* 

Hulie' t'am-ede J2V £! 

H«riJni J" 8 * A Viarnur 1SV 1 H 1 

bn sin I Uyeri ! 

Br (IV !3 

Rudd !t'i d 

Bun. tiiri . at: 

Burlhi;ii>ii "41110 :i!ij 

UiRT'iueln - K>S l*T 

I'umplrdl Snup XI*, St 

Canadian Jb•• I3V 1J 

l aliTinllar- T: r , *2 ! 

• 'rlanr*« H", II 

■ i-niral .'-•na lOj 

■ 'lianrr V T jnq I'll! 

Cli«r .Vanh:i. 35V 17 

Cllrni bl<. N V J» T t ■«' 

1‘Iihi unriKs- nhm 3U, .W 

CUri-l-i UP, i ;i 

I Hi'.a-p 27V :“i 

I’lllts.MfV 4u, Vd 

I’l.itl. t-i'lip TT 1 , 171 

•■|»»-.i |-nla .'III* .-3' 

r "laati- ir.Jj it* 

•: fc s 4T-, tm 

■ ..|-iniI-1 j. Ha- IA 331 

■ -nih Fug 3?i, U> 

'■«.u.>. FdiM.i, '.til, Ci 

2 M, 17 Insei-Mill 

'~’t 2Ji; lulmd Steal 4i>S 

15V IRV I B.U all 

an* - a.-fl, . J III.- lUr I. r-Fi 

'hi Sirtel S« 

js S*, Ini Pjpt 5*A 

J2U Sft Itii.-Trl tel. 2«i 

J>a» 1 V, »i-«rl 1 .B ts», 

1RV 1(4, ’ Jim Wsli.-r EV 

*.'■ <1 l.l'.ln-, Man-. I! 

(IV 13 ] J|>I.I,S«H. .V J.iHu (HI 

t lull till 
1 ■■rvirul h.ia 
' ».'nmc Clo . 
t'.I'.* . iiitni. 

« Tilir 
r«-i"tk,T ini 
•‘rDiin THiar 
lull lull 
>1-1 ai-.ut« 

di | K,I'-t Mum 
US| 1 ht-iuis-i-nil 
.IS-j K-.TI 'Ic-liee 

HT Kiln (■ «‘Ih 
JAi hralli-a •'r 
lJ'i Sr.-'tf, .V S. 

TJ*j Kruia-r 
*1", IJut. M; s-r 

L T \ 

I'ld, Littur 
17 (.I.hl.rrd 
■I" j I.U'-ky M-IC 
.W; I Muiui Hanui-.-r 
1IV I Mane,- 
’.“I'm ' Mam 1 Inin uii 
»V, I Marpa.r Inc. 
17V - Cdtiii,- Mi'l. 
.- 3 >| . Martin M»r. 
3'-r ] (I. I>»,r«Wt 
tli >4 U.u.t 

331, M-CS 

U>'l Minn y.m 
Cil/ i1-.tul .In 
(J*j M'-n-ani" 

3i ■ % 1 'ircur .1 • t*. 
I-V Maiffni.. 

"N %rfi, nrt 1 

Crt XL CnJ. 

-;»i Hi-r 
■Hi:, Sal DimHI. 

■W'l Sat Steel 

inV ".nrlrJi Wen 

37 Xorion Sininii 
i», [ fiec Fc-. 

|K-I|J Alt 



mix Kin 


[■(Tirol: RdlMin 


•X*. |.|.». III. 






rax- l>n. M 


( flltl. . 


. p- 

Kwr Ito 


nilkr P-ia-T 



F'lilie; .< C 

.I>ii Pmii 






F^i-'ra Air 



Kjii. h'.idah 



l'“l Cura 



F.iiiMi * .irn 




El '.i 



Finn* i*-m 


h'lUllablr lll«- 



Pl.dil* Mi.r 





Plnll I*pi 



Fvjil» 1' n 




b .kml A utm 



t'.P.V. Ind 



F^U. D xm 



Frur •..■Kill. 








1 ■>> Clm-JQLI 



K 1 . M. U*ri[nn 



CM .'Peon Corn 






« Ki tin. a AvW cfix dtxlnliuttin ft ftid fc Marie' < 
t leaded j t-nqiiuu-il. 

8CA Cpif" ■ \ 1 
. Hepuh. Sfti 
ffejinJils And.. _) 
ReyWnlds,M*m- i 
Bnike-cll Hit .; 
Sl..R«3s . , 
Same, re Ind 

Si'aOoaM Cuusi 
m-ar^ flw. 

■tnc;i TranT 

alll Cal Kdi «m 
Aouiltt-rn Fsc • 
Suumern Rlj 
Spi-rlj 1 Rand ■ 
nd- hraud* 

SfcJ: >i(1 •/al. 

Sid. (Ill Ind 

Sid. ill! niilP 

Wcriini: I>««k 
J i' 

Mint- Worlh 
Sunbesni tTp. 
sun pit 
Ti-nnpch - 

Ti-^n East Traits 
TOW (rut 
Ti-'js I'liUHvs 

Trait4i-r» Op Inc. 

L X I. Inr 
I'mli-rer Lid 
PllllMd A.V 
I'm.iuunerira ■ 

I ninn Rancivp . 
t-nl»n tain 
I'n. Oil Cal. 

1 . n r.uinc L'«rp. 
I'nirnial , - ' 

I :ti'li-ef Brands 
1'li Veri nA XIan 
I'S IndlL-ItTH-, 

> -> Sia-el 
fill Tr-vhim! 

X»'»■.■!, oeia- 
li'jruer Cnuin 
U jnuf Lainbcn 
«>«r F*nt4 
liest'n Kanryrp 

XVi-HaJA'. S3. 

xx 1 xerbieu wr 

WluMluml ' 

XX lule Xhilur 

Xx-rni Cp 

Caiaadian Prices 

AhHttn' {“i 

Altan' I* 1 ! 

-MB Sleil 3+H 

AHirrlus 1P»* 

Hell Tel. ■ « 

l an. Jiup i>ri X"i 

Can Cm Kd a-I l 

Cnniin^ir 33 V 

f■■n, Hal MV 

Cali-nntirliqjp 37V 

f.'Hlt Ull 

Haulier Can 5 7S 

Hud. Bay 51in I7V 

IIU4, Hat Ull 23V. 

1.4.1 lid IWa 

linotrn . . J7'i_ 

imp oi! tav 

Ini. Pin.- !3i 

ll-as» .Score 1i4r 

I’lrtM-Cp. , <J> 

Prlvi- Fire- Jt-, 

RuvaJ Trust Iff.- 

Mc-1 fu 

Tcs.. fair. EV 

Trana. XIrn nil *V 
XX alfcer II 27*1 

tt'.t'.T. 31V 

la n \ea p Sim t f 


\ m-. 

it, Eternit’s problem from now 

Adrienne Gleeson 

JSui. SIRS.70-3.GO: March. • $734 60. 

SOYABEAN OIL-Dee.- IR.oa-lOc; 

Jan, 19.10-13C. March. xW.30-3^e: 
May. 19.40-4Sc; July 19 55-fc5c.-AiW- 
VJ.&Oc; 6w«, 19.55c. SOYABEAN 

Fureign Mrivm*.—5i»fHnn. xnni. irl.u.*. e.’« *v", 1 , 
SH.UToO lSS.qt,«Ui: Ihri-e inonlhs. l«jG OA 1 1 wj.i 
w.o«8 ryj.iwim: Cnuaun dollar, >Ji an 
■i7,K' l C I'lS.lUri. Nctr Varli j 

Ihe DOW Jtuxw ;pal commodlly index 47 Xlb <47.80 
h-j* up .04 10 uWJ.tfr _ The (mutes ,• 3X.4Ui: iransw 
Index was up .J‘» to 2Bl.uO. ujlliucs. 33..V 

The Dow Jones averages—Imtxis- aa.afi iaa lqt, 

JICAL—?iew — vurcl'. MA( ,AO<l.lau: Max. 78.0-89.01 

K. b^M®: iijL 0ebU,:Dcc - 

WOO*.: J-murea dosed 0 ->Oc „» to twb 

unchanged on rwp tMlea. Crossbreds March. 44»Hic-. 
were unsold, x, lift bids unchanged 40 a 405'^: Set 
■ Q R EASE WoSl; 5 ! 

Spoil Jvt.Oc nominal. Dec. iJS.q. Wf'.e; March, ■ 
hSToc ■ March. J poo-60 Oc: May. 1 4§'.o- zuoxrf: tSET'a 
54,0c:* July, 14l.flOI.Oc; Oct, 147th- Ofir wore 1 
w 3 « 0 e-'oriSinne , fP'^ J ' 0c: Marth - Ctoa'od sUwdy ** 

one C ??ruat?n?. : Qi, nominal.. Dec, ISIS 1S1\ 

Dee. 7V.O-8'«.Oe: March, 79 . 0 - 94 .Oc; May, J4»*oC: Ji 

irl.>J.H. 8- T >» •%' iaOl.Su.. irai’dfMUIJyKj-' 
ttja ax 1 iwi-5-tx ■ uiiuiwa. _J*avr. 

• N-J no. • u.5 atocKs. 3S0h3 iM«SL 

Mav. 78.0-89.0c .July. 7 J^C 
7o.0c bid: Dec- 72.Oc Wd: March- 

G lo 6 ‘ a twils hJitfiPJv DhJ. -^, 5 . 

Xlarch. _404‘ a c: May. 40H\ 'do>^ 

May, JJtVrf; July, 

\.:r r •: 


*lt\: ' 


4- ‘OfC, 

■ >cr» v, 


i> - 

■c - 





bond prices (middayindicators) 

10*4 1981 

t 8*4 1VR3 

i a iw7 



4. 198T .. 



8*e 10T9 



' Steel Carp 




ion 7% IM7 


VO 1 * 

B 1V87 



, 7 1SHO 



7 J9HO - - 



8 1«B6 - - 



Md T, I«1 


f B t b l^Bl 



w H>. lyRO 



. Tokyo B°» 19HS 



Tokyo IG*. l^si 



Hammer 8 1W7 



1937 .. 

. . 



; Kingdom-T T * 



: Mice Bank 



80* a 

9»* 19SS 

. . 



f*« 19B9 

a . 



■ oaling Rale l'rSX 



lease 7 1980 
uuyiranls 7*. 



** • a a a 

. . 



« 1987 . . 



Royal B 1987 



7^4 1987 



IM .. 



/?f tUU . , . aU .. 95* a 96*. 

r* n Ho eb 

I*, 1991 .. TV to 

.. 4*, iyaa .. sa eS 

w. J 9 14B9 .. *.6 VT 

B 2987 VI •» W a 

^Skindlaya 7»« 19B7 71 7-i 

Cm! Board 8% 

• ...... 79 . 82_ 

Fudosan 10 *« _ 

.102 105 

veil 8** 1987 .. 87 Ha 

I 7 1 a 1984 .. 81 84 

• •• inti ting 8 1938 89 fO 

■ gTitlno 9*,. 1981 102V. 105*» 
8 1987 .. 89 90 

’nrtna T, 1987 “O’, 9l» a 

7'u 19CKJ ..87 BH 

WV 1988 .. 94', 95’, 

• 1987 .. .. ox " K> 

197T .. .. 102 105 

■ data 10V. J981 105 104 

- • 1988 .. 64 68 

tin 8 1937 .. 81 . 83 

.Oil 8V, 1*710 .. 101* 4 ICG** 
OU 8%.1988 .. 97 98 

.OU fi*a 1988 .. 9TL, W„ 
1987 .. ..88 89 



lays Bank .. II ”s 
London Secs 11% 

. oare & Co .. *11% 
is Bank .... 11%' 
and Bank .... 11% 
Westminster .. 11 % 
ninsrer Ace’s 11% 
ley Trust .... 12*% 
Century Bank 121% 
suns & Giyn’s 11 % 

>y d^poilis on sums of 
.000 amt under. 7*,.. 
la £ 26 . 000 . 7V*. over 
. 000 . S'.<c 

TmwtO 7*4 1*»BT ... 87 88 

■TRIND 7*. 2WKT ,. - 86 ' TB7 
hubhcmh Cuff 7*. 

■ 1987 .. ... .. . 7 M . ,93 . 

7?WMW«U-Gulf T 1980 .-^ 6 * 0 . VSf ' 

Union OU 7 > b 1987 .. -ST ■« 

VrawaPla 8 *. 1987 .. VS 97 

Volvo 8 lVMv ... .. tiff. v>.>. 

ttm Clvra 8 *. 1987 .. 71 74 


Bl#' Offer 

APEX. lUvll lO 1981 105 ' 106 

darter < DM > 6 * a 1968/ 

Courum* ’ (DM) fi’l ' 70 * 71 * 

1969/84 .. .. 86 87 

punnuik iDMI 9*. 198“ 99% 190 *. 
Esc ora i DM I 7 1975-88 73*0 75*, 

I'Mayw I DM I 6*41972/ 

87 . . .. 82*« BSP. 

E*! 'DMI 8 3971.86 .. VI*. 92*. 
Mitsubishi Heavy. iDM) 

N-rvis^.DM/ s i9ad ' 8 ?: 

N-B^od (DM, I* 

SueiiilWca (DM i . 8*4 
_ 1970 85 . . . . 93"a. 3S>, 

Sun bit Kin (DM) 7*« 

1988 .. \. .. 90*a 91% 

* coNvntnoiJES 

AMF S I9IW .. &2 °"S r 

4 .> 79 81 

Reatricc roods 4% 19V2 91 

Boa trice roods 6 1 , 1V9I ina 104 
Bra trice Poods 4 % 1995 ini<. i«\v, 
Borden 5 19*H .. ..94 ‘16 

□ord*n 6*4 1991 . . 104 3 tv, 

Hroadvay Hale. 4\ 1987 75 77 

CanuUon 4 1987 .. 88 90 

Chevron 5 1942 .. in 1 , jr.v, 

Cummins 6*. 1986 ..BO 82 

Dart 4%-1987 .. ... 80 Ft* 

Fjuimon Kodak 4% J98H 114 lift I 
Economic Late 4% 1987 77 7 9 

Eaton 5 19H7 .. .. 131 153 

Ford 5 1938 • .. . . 76 78 

Ford 6 1986.75 77 

CllleBe 4 % .1987 - - 71 73 

Could S_1987 .. R3 rrr 

ennora) EIBCIHC 4 1 . 1987 B3 83 

Halil burton 4*. 1987 . . 86 R» 

»’*—i- n 178T .. (*, 

Honeywell 6 1986 .. 75 77 

.rrr 4-*. i9R7 .. .. 6*» 71 

J. B-ty McDermott 4*. 

1987 .. . . . . 117 319 

*■ P. Morgan 4 >, 19B7 in*«*. j- — _ 
Nabisco a % 1988 91 93 

Owptw Illinois 4*, 1987 87 RtJ 

J. C. pannrv 4% 1*187 80 82 

Rrv'on 1*4 19RT .. lifi*, ins 

I •'ml.- (Tr> 4*. ]™>S .. '1 ir, 

SDerry Rand 4*4 1988 . . 98 200 

"imho 4V 1987 ..MS 86 

I Trsseo 4'- 1988 77 79 

'nlart Ort'dr 4 a , l{«2 104 106 

Varner Lambert 1987 °0 '71 

Xcrosr Corn 5 1988 .. 75 77- 

□11—Deutschmark wap. 

Source: Kidder. Peabody Securities, 


— -_ - A. £3.027-29: three months. E.V063V6H: 

—Sass—Seiiierncmt. LS.ccu. .Sales, nil ions. 



Recent Issues 

. Bristol UV< 1P51 ‘£W9b> 

Corn Exchange lbp urd 
Coventry Ift-t I960 ii»*zel 
Derby 1ffrt 1933i£M>,ai 
Elsudaraad Cold 20c <R3> 
Bvltnei £it VYu Cm iflODi 
Islington 23V* UmiOBOU 
Do 14*6 65-86 If lOCH 
Lee Valley Wir V* RdPim 
XorCTon istev Dt> MMO i£98bl 
Treasury V2 B J97B iX95i 
Treasury UVk 19dl «£9S» 

Tart Wu-OIr PI 1900it t 












ISO- 1 * 


Cape lnd 1 U 6 ' ■ .. -»sreM 

Issue price la pareaUmes. * Fjt dividend. 
* issued by tender, t Nil paid, a I4S paid, b CD 
paid, enopaid, f no paid.*f»paid, b 126 paid. 
1140 paid. 


Hie Eurosyndicat index of-Euro¬ 
pean share prices was put provi¬ 
sionally at 138.07 on October 28 
against 136.77 a week earlier. 

Pre-tax profit .for half-year, 
£109,000 (£160,000). 

The dollar was marked down 
cautiously in late currency trading 
Qn the foreign exchanges yesterday 
in an initial reaction to President 
Ford’s speech 

The united States unit eased 
against sterling, which closed with 
a net gain of 20 points against 
the dollar, at $2.0685. The dollar 
also slipped to 2.5645/60 marks 
from 23685/95 earlier, and to 
2.6350/70 Swiss francs <2.6380/ 
6400), dealers said. 

Dealers said Eurodollar deposit 
interest rates edged up between 
1/16 and } percentage points, re¬ 
flecting a cautiously negative 
European assessment of Ford's 
proposals, particularly in relation 
to the possible Impact of the 
United States banking system. 

The pound’s “ effective rate ” 
was finally unchanged a£ 29.2 per 

Gold rose 25 cents an ounce to 

Spot Position 
of Sterling 

MBtti rates 
• Ocftttwrv 


Mao trail £2.1000-1105 

AlialteiB MHII1 

BrttMl* 7B.BIWC.4nr 

Con pc Iras en 

nwUfmt 5.3ff r Uni 

Uibon Si.70-SSJM 

H31I.* 121. 6 t-lXHOp 

Ullaa 13W-J4K1T 

U«K> UJl-aBk • 

Pjni V.D3MeW 

SIocWmjJbi 9JX»H)Sk 

Tokyo «aV30y . 

YlMU1> JT.ift-WHctl 

Zurich 454-iST 

BlKtlrr depredation dace 

uduiiiitajptrniL ‘ 

Forward Levels 

Sellleronni. U.U29. Sales, nil Ions. 
Bthfsiporo Un ox-works. 551942.370 a 

LEAD' -was billet and slnadv,—Allrr- 
nooru—C«sb. Elf.5-64 71 a metric 
ion: Hirer* months. £170.75-71 .OO. 
Sales, 7.275 10 ns rmuihli’ tames 1 . 
-Mcrplna. Cash. E165-<i3.riO: ihira 
months. £170.50-71,00. Solllnmi'nt. 
2165.30. Sclca. 4.400 ions inuiniv 
. taidnu. 

' zinc wu aUqhtw easier.—Adcmnon.— 
Cash. C349.50-50150 a mdrle ion; three 
months. £358^0-59.00. . Sain. 575 
tons. Morn bis.—Cash. £350-50.50: 

thru months. £357-57.50. Scllinmpnl. 
25SU.50. Sales. 2.373 ions 4 about hair 
carries 1 . All afternoon me lul prlcvs 
are npMTkM. 

'PLATINUM was SOp up al £69.10 
iyiUi a irov ounc*. 

RUBBER was Irregular.—Dec. 34.15- 
34.SOp per kilo: Jan. 34.00-34.70p: 
Jan-kunch. 34.65-34.70p: Aprll-June. 
35.60-35.630: July-Sent. 36.«J-M.o5p; 
Ocl-Doc. 37.80-57.8Tio: Jnn-Mflrrh. 
3'1.115-2‘J.lOp; Amll-lltnA. 40.00- 
40.SOp; Jutf-Sept 40.&3-41 .lOp. Sales; 

40 lots al. 6 unum: 172 at 15 lonnna. 
RUBBER PHTSICALS war* gulal.— 
.-■Wir -.Ti.RO.-U.tVi. CIM. Dec. 50.15- 
30.35: Jan. 31.00-31.25. 

»■ " P: pnlm-'o'- were terbly steady. 
AnUcu.wcro dull. - ■ - . 

Discount market 

Discmrar' houses h *0 no problem 
Endioe fresh supplies of day-ro- 
day v call ** money. From the 
.outset, it looked as though there 
could be «-surplus' of funds, and 
rates chat were tentatively “ cal¬ 
led ” around 111 to 11 per cent at 
the outset were soon easing back-. 
i Banks had little need for funds 
and by midday houses were readily 
~ picking up money M 10 $ per cent. 

During the afternoon some of 
Che beaks began to find that they 
were losing money where they had 
nix expected to and the general 
.picture -deteriorated to the point 
where- races were firming rather 
than easing at the dose. Final 
balances were token-in Che range 
of 101 to 11 per cent and the Bank 
of England did not Cod an oppor¬ 
tunity for “ mop ping-up ”. 

Money Market 

Bask or Enel unit Minimum LraOlsi Roto 171 
lUMi-bonkMl 410331 
CleBlMt B«ilw Ba*e R«l* 11«» 
0« rrnleb L Open 1 Pa done lff( 

WerkFIsefl: 11-11J* • 

TTC1A03 BUI*lots'*) 

ftajlnf SvIllBC . • . 

2 Bixnlhs ll*i 2 mtmlbs llV 

3 Dionlhk 3 momlu U»* 

Prime-Bml Bill*(mv^. iTrkltekiDh'c) 

3 mnoltis lli^UH. 3uKXUMi: 

3-tnnnths UI’b-IIBjb 4 mtmite 12>* 

4 Doniliv llVli>, 6 ip on tin 139 

6 moinbB 11V11H 

nOBUSTAS-Noy 2740-4* per metric 

L^44-SJ "v;. ■iS.uQ; Ma-xli. 

r-rwL--. J £714-41.50: Julc. 

C74B.30-4.* SO; Nov. 
o-lrimra. ■ 'Ihl lots Including ai 

n ^® 1 - n ° so- 1 ® *» p«- so 

'■o no- ~-’ 0! F<, b. S'*u.7«- 

r*J 20.'I1 A V1 • « ^'1-00-'»1.1.-.: June. 

??. Iinner.—Oec. £-"iT4.-'50- 

ss*Siasr ^ 1 : y .vs?; -tv, 

prices- 1 4.40i-■ 1 7-dov juSqo 
S le.ijj'. Dm. 
W-88 19: h J>ln.“ 


J ! ! , ,? OI ',i:r C i!T‘ ,vv 'u'lires wife a "i*Hy 

i , T J Sfft..W^i. J;-:*-- 

iHI®, V ' J * Qblet. Hd'nnbifU 
C grade. Oci-Nov ill'.i 

f. sales: nil. 
Kiie>.bi<Ush vililie 
»V W'»i per Inn 3 

ton: "D •* grade. Oci-Nov. UBR. 
CucErtu vu steady. Indian. Oct-Dcc. 
Rs 4.70 per bale or 4001 b. DUndBB 
DalH*. OcT-DbC. Rs 422.50. 

CRAIN i The Balllri.—Imported era Ins 
ruled dull with prices obncnUff show-hig 
little change. A smjJl miandty of up- 
tlonal maize traded for November trans- 
■hltuomt to the v*osc coast United 

WHEAT.—United Slates dart: northern 
airing No -■ 14 per cent: Jan. 

CIOS.17: Feb. £105.85 »|bn direct 
Tilbury: Nov. £101.55: Dec. £102.40 
nuoted trans-ehlTHneni east coast. EEC 
Teed. Del. £65.25 trans-shipment east 

MAm.—No 3 j-iSknf ,Vnertcan-rr=n4i: 
Oct. £6a; Nor. £65 trans-shipment east 
reisl. Son-h AlTiran yellow: Nor. 
£71.50: Dec. £73 noinlral sellers 

B*RLEV.—£CC feed: Not-. JCA® trans- 
sh'^nirnt east coast. All per long ton 
or United Klncdom unless staled. 

Lundon Grain I'ulures Market 
> 04na i. EEC origin.—BARLEY was 
■nearti : Nor. Ci»l 6U: Jan. £65.70: 
Slarrh. 1.65 TVS- sv.iy £66.75; Sept. 

C 1 o. 1VHEA T u-ai steadr: Nnv. 
£'5.25: Jan. £64.73: March. £66.20: 
May. £67.85: Sept. £66.95. 

Home Grimm Cereal AntbOrlly'S 
lQLaUon cx-farm snot prices.— 


VP'Ino Feed Feed 
F H-nfnrd £ £6-1.50 CoO.SO 
Borders iW'csli — — £60.50 

MARK LANE_Business -was patchy 

but values showed llMe change 
previous levels. Ha«bero mllllnB wlioK 
traded to the London area al £66 per 
long ton for Nov and £67 for Dec 
while Jan-March deliveries made 

£68.25 per lona ton. Jan-Mafch mill¬ 
ing v-hm traded in Liverpool al £69.80 
per lonn ton. The following are average 
sellers vusIaiIatu per lone ton London 
area: Wheat. Hagbem. Nov. £66: Dec. 
£67. Denattirable. Nov. £64.30: Dec. 
£65. Barley feed unquoted. 

MEAT COMMISSION; Avenge fa I slock 
prices at ropreseotviUvn markets on 
Ocnber 29.—UK: Game L20.12 pur live 
r-Vl ■ + J -03 ’ : Sheep prr lb 
EDCVi' i + l.Ti; pigs C4.«Hj per 5CLW 
i—009 1 . England and Wales: Cattle 
numbers down l.«* jmr cent, a vers go 
price £20.36 i +0.62-. Sheep numbers 
down 18.6 per cent, air re go price 
36.ftp i 4-1.5i. Pig numbers u*> 3 2 
ver cent, average price i_o.t»9.. 

Scotland: Catlls numbers down 2h.8 
per cent. average price £20.73 
• 7 1 . 661 . Sheep numbers up 15 .(j per 
r«M. a" mine pr4— 35.4p i +.1 ni. 
Pig numbers up 115 4 pot com. aver¬ 
age price £4.77 i-o.l&i. 
t'a- a ip:a‘ of in.' 15 pack.ioes of 
Sri Lanka and south Indian less worn 
offered al auction on Tuesday the Tea 
Brokers' Association reported. There 
was a fairly good demand ot [u'*y 
firm rates for boos except lor plainest 
poorly made leas which wit lower. 
Bop fannlans were a Dmqrc-sjivc'y 
strong feature and dosed Ip to 2p 
pee Jvllo lower. 


Rio de Janeiro, Oct 29.—Brazil 
should openly define its coffee ■' 
export policy in order to speed ujp( 
market activity, the Sjicos Con-, 
xnercial Association said here. .... 

In a series of suggestions ban¬ 
ded to Senor Camilo Calazans, the,: * 
Brazilian Coffee Institute prtst- '. 
dent in Santos, the Associarion' 
said that importers who use a f ‘ 
high percentage of Brazilian cof- -’ 
fee in tiieir blends, such as rh» 
United States, Sweden and Den»- - - 
mark, may not be buying fro»;»- 
Brazil because of doubts over its . 
coffee policy. \; 

The Association called for the 
introduction of a. system Cuarah- . 
teeing prices for importers for up. 
to 60 or 90 days after shipment.-^ 

Auihorized Units, insurance & Offshore Funds 

Hleh Low- 
Fid Oiler Tru*t - 

Hitii Law 

Ftd offer Yield! Bid offer Tnut 

Bid Offer Yield 

Dicta Low- 
Bid -Offer Trial 

Bid Offer Yield 

1974 75 
HlCh Ijjw 
B id Oder Tnut 

Bid Offer Yield - 

-Authorised Unit Trusts 

„_ _ Abies* ArhattaBoi Lid. 

Barnett ILve. FouniDin Si. Uan s. 04 

33.4 311 * Ci^nts 4) ■. • 

Vi I Aerum 31 7 
30 A 19.3 Grrw-lh t: i 

tS^ in - P " Art inn 29.5 

30.. 20.. Inmnn j 

£!'? S-J D " 'rrum J25 

33 9 U A Eaei 6 |m Acr jv 3 

113 5 5c> 9 nrarihuid* >3 

97 I SE.5 PenMen- ■ I ■ 
S3 4 19.3 N A AC IP 

7- A 17 0 Oo Arran 
47 J 50 1 MAOronv 
Mfc 33 4 Clrde llro 
45.4 39.1 Do Acvum 

17 0 33 0 Cljde Hlsh Ini 

U1.9 1!35 7.751 93.& 34.6 Csnyus* Fbdi3» 70.2 735 4.701 PfcoenJs Asorurc. 

B0.7 M.6* B.79’ ]03.« 3** C9i A rerun >3i 7F B B3.B 4 70 4-flKing Wllllan N|. EC4. . 

=9.3 .. Jl-M, 86.6 43.0 Exempt * i40i 7S.0 83.0 IM 

73.8 1S.CD 303.4 51S DoAratra-40l 97.4 302.4 4.04 

403 «J 2U3 3M.< 3007 Ini Earn Fnd'Si 1S7.4 106J1 490 

49J 52.0a S«5 397^ 3002 De ACriim )3i 192.0 201.0 433 

SJ-i . 5 -Si TradslIN'MIonalftCenimeNlsI. 

2 Clyde Hish Ine T^.J} “ i 19 Canm-vi Rd- 8 n«m. 
7 M Acvum 7F.0 83.. 30.W, 3 : 4.8 ^.4 Inerane 

9 RISC WlllUn K|. EC4. , 0J-6J0 

b5.S e 8 .S Iveililt A**urrd 83.0 85.4 .. — ~ 

922 33J EMrPhXAB'Jll 5=2 .. 

93.4 39.0 EberPbxEg.3=i 53.6 062 . . 

Prspnrj EqaltyAUfe AkCo, 

19 CraulerdSi. London. «1. 01-486 0?S7 • ^ 

imrrcUI. 119 Cra«r!ordSi.X«idon\ VT 1 . II1-488 0?57 • - 

J79J 142.7 8 Alik Pmp Bud J4f.9 ... . 

111.0 Ilb 2 A. .4 nK.n mu hnOvlAeRnd P9 7 _ _ V* w 

R Uuurr IJI.I f 80 0 De A«uu. 1371 144.2 6 14 Si 5“ S^riJ! 7iT SiS 

in 0742 79942: IJCJl 52J i.apil*l 92.6 96.8 4.04 M-1 jg ; Dn Mairacrd «.l 

220 24J 3 37! i 1 *- 3 w - 6 ^' 0 Aeeina 1<6 4 110.4 4.04 3 02.7 85.2 DoEquIlyBnd W.7 

21 0 24J X37 1 CsUTrBSlAeCMRlASlMazmenl. 113 9 100.0 Dn Flex Mny 1I.-.4 

M A 4T.7 6 J 8 W UlfiofiC Lne. LCl'U. Pfurlt Ortt^thAtWffMtf. 

tfJ S2!' S*f PS nSflS!L^ Dd ?J 5 S'2 -u! Jll WiiiaiwiWrldrf Bitti Wf.O 

91.Z 23 l 2.V3 L - .1 1-.8 Ul HWl'. 1 l^«“r r.« 1^" i.lM irdii liij. PruD^ntlhifli Ihd 6 

312 23.Z 2J*3 233 6.7 Dl» Ovmt23 liJ 16 3 6 .® 751.0 0 AC Bond i29» 470 0 

52 5 Si 136.5 325.5 Abb Sal PC f29l I».S 

Do Pil AgBnd C9 7 
D» SrilM >19 

Do Uanipd 08.1 

32 5 34 'J 11.07- 

U- 5 tt-S 2 62 i 

1 moMfa 12-1 l»j 

2 nihnUi-; 32-11*, 

3 rmmiliv 13X11*, 

4 raomhi 12-U*.- 

5 nnnlTi* 12 - 11 ‘j 

6 months 1201 *, 

Lural Aulherlly Bonds 
2-11*, 7 mom Ira 17-11’, 

Ml*, S imMlIiv 12 - 11*7 

xu*, omonuu I 2 *»ilh 

Ml*.- 10 menu fat lZwllla 

Ml*, 11 mvnlhs 13S*-I1H 

Ml*, 12 menu 81 12*^12 

Threadneedle Street, London EC2R 8 HP: 'Tel: 01-638 8651 







Annitage & Rhodes 

26 —• 3.0 11.5 



Deborah Services 

97 •— 7.5 7.7 



Henry Sykes 

133 — 4.9 3.7 



Twinlock Ord 

20 ‘ — 0.9 4.6 



Twiniock 12% ULS 

53xi — 12.0 22.5 



Unilock Holdings 

61 — • 4.5 7.4 

11 ^ 

i lmerib 3monU». 

NewToris JB.Kcprem 2.67-aJ7eprem 

llooireal .60-J0cprrm 1^0-1.40c prem 

AmNOrddn) 3*4-»«cprnn 96-Sri- prem 

BrusMHt 4S-25cprem 120-100c preai 

Copenluzno 6-lgr«prnn IBrUhonpm 

Frank Ian SVApfpresi lO^Bhprpreni 

-UsbOB- 36cprenr- 45cpmn- 

40c disc 89c disc 

Milan atrprtm-pv 6-4 tr prem 

Oslo. 6-4oreprem 13>r-U*Mra prra 

Paris 4-2c prem lffr8*^:prem 

_ Mocktuds* -4.-3ora prem 11-Sore prem 

Vienna- 3B-10croprem 7O-40gnj prem 

Zurich aVSVcprem 13pll*ic piein 

Cunflai) daiur rate (aaalnn CS doHarL 

BuadaUar depoaits (°ri calls. ?r 6 : seren 
days. one moaih. sWu ibree moaiiu. 

S' 2 - 7 ; xix raoaUn.TVTH. 


Gold Used; am. S142J0 <an •uncek pm. 

Kria errand: f per colnV S149-148CI71UO-71 Ah 
(ditsiesllcx £146-148 ctTBJO-ZLfiO) (iDleroatlm- 

SaeerelBBE MdL S43J>44JS tE20.7BZL22i> 
fnew.c U22M13 U2fl.75-31.29j amemaUonalj. 

Secondary 3141 £TD Bales-'V' 

1 momh U7ivll*u 8 mraihs ll**u-U’i 
3 mnoihs 11W-11S 12 raraibs 12 'u-U°U 

Local Authority Mariteii'c' 

2 d»« 11 - 1 IU 3 monifir 11 V 11 V 

7du»* 11 *s-31H Bmunlbx 12 -U', 

1 month IIVU 4 1 year US-172 

Interbank Market "?* 
OicrnlEhl. Open 11 S-U Clue IDA 

1 week 11S-11S 5 monilw liliS 

1 mnolt -U>u-llS» V morufis I 2 -U : i 
3 m on lbs UVIIRm 12 moolte lS-US 

First Clasa Finance House® i74ki. R4l*4r> 
SmunUiS 12S Ojnoatbt 12*, 

Ftnane* Bouse Bas* Rale 11'* 

Total income for year to Sep¬ 
tember 30, £2.42m (£2.S9m). be¬ 
fore expenses and interest, 
£522,000 (£806,000) and tax, 

£749,000 (£706,000). Total payment 
raised from 6.71p gross to 739p. 
Net asset value per ordinary 5Op 
share (assuming conversion of con¬ 
vertible shares) 273.6p , (163.8p a 
year earlier). 



/■ '• -v r* •.*. I ■ ’■ y ! ^ -!v'/v fc, .‘ ' / 

^ . ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ ^ .. ^ ' 

ii'.’? ii*.?-'• -> K **»■ •y'-v&lf -<■'’*.«'•<. f , I 

V , '• • • '* p'f. • 'N 

i\ • : V ;/• - 'V > 4 » .." k -« ’ ‘3- V - ' 3 I . / 

ncentives for Industry” sets out the 
bout the financial aid — grants for new 
gs, plant and machinery, loans or 
t relief grants, assistance with removal 
nd much else that your company can 
for in the Areas for Expansion, 
ireas for Expansion" tells you about 
as and their facilities. It describes 
>rt networks and business oppor- 
. It lists amenities and information 
ousing, education and recreation. 

:h these booklets, which are free, give 
iils on all the Areas for Expansion, 
id us the coupon, or telephone 
486 (24 hour answer service on 
026 ) for your copies. 


To: The Industrial Expansion Team, 
Departmentof Industry, Mill bank Tower, . 
Millbank, London SW1P4QU 

Please send me full details of the benefits a vailable 
in the Areas for Expansion 


Position in Company__ 


Nature of Business_ 



j The Areas for Expansion j 

tail—!■■■■■■ mi ■■■m m 



. Akbrr rail Trnu Hu van. 

*- 4»l*»bury.tiif«a. 9SM-9M1 

•1 I IS 5 tS hw 'JinilJI 331 5 S 4.31 

4 S 2 4 A .4 Do Jccum 
32.1 17.1 GrmUi 

13 3 30 9 Dn Accvtm 

35 r> 22.4 Income 
Ji.9 33.4 Do Ac rum 
44 7 2^ f> Inlemalinnal 

33 J 35 3 ffi 

43.3 35.3 6.C9 

42.4 44.9 221 

cal* PmpmrGr.w-lbAuoTMef. _ - 

•J S J “-2 $ J? JIJ W-MMlnuer Brldsr Ftf. sti 7.'F. 01-W8 ran*' 

l.'i !;? i-lSI 176U 1113 PTupJGrwlh I29i 150 0 .. ..- . .■ 

L,J 363 7T.10 4R>D .4G Bond i29) 470 0 . „- 

M.5 48 6 Shenlc> Inr i^f I 53 4 .. 

133.3 . 100.0 Equity Fnd 132 k .. 
121.0 li* <* Mnrur Fnd 114 9 
139 0 -II7.9 R.l AJlnUlfT'Sfli U7 9 .. 

135.0 103A Immad Ann >B3> 110 3 .. 

Atlantic InunDcv 

108.7 - 90.0 AH-Kuathcr Ac 93.3 103.4 
ur.? tfj Dn Capllal «.! 101 J 

_ . _ AI lira Ham bro Gratia. 
Uambro Hsc. Iliilliin. Eric,. 01-58 

ua , ' U U rd l ‘ a P“-J 51.6 Mji 

50.9 n .4 Du I si 48 a 5 ’1 

49.0- 20.0 Bril (nd 2 nd 48 0 319 

5T 5 C'fOHib A Inc 27.9 a 5 

s( ; }?? ■■"■talhO Inc 27.U as 6 . 10 ( :js 

2JJ .14.5 EJcr i Ind Dev 23 2 24.3a 5 73' £i * 

W9 *13 MriMlnArmdly 33i 35 8 a 5.94 1 

JS-5 r5 1 !!’ Eh Ineoma 44J 47.3a 

S-i J F qul1 ? lornme W.6 30 5 

5-5 iH Inlvroaimtiul ?I 9 23.3 

^2 5 ? H'MVIridVnd 38.9 413 

79 8 43.5 Ilumhrn Fail 7a 5 S3 8 

k • 7J-; i!" '"‘-wnc S* l 40.7 

44 3 Do Hacm-rry 84 6 9u 4 

1*1 . J * Do Smaller 14 8 17.9 

2?i finAccum 20 5 21.9* 

13 f 2nd smaller 20.7 22.L 

§ |0.4 Rai-a ..I America 41 6 44.4 

126J SaJ Eaenipi Fnd L 20 J ijgj * 

Lalconi Lid. 

2 M 6 Bom/nrd Ho-d. London. E7 01-534 SB44 
2*- s 7S-2 l»nlcomAm*r 30 6 32.7 j.gj 

35 ■ Au-I Income 53i 57 9 2 J 1 

2-2 .. Bo Acvum 64.5 20.1 2 J 1 

s£-? E-S Bo'fjrnfarlUI 519 55^*4.41 

Jl-4. *-? ESMUI ’ 6 K .8 68 . 6 a 6 83 

5 H1 Eilr* Income 19 5 70 Ta 8 68 

50Ji 22.4 Flobnclal 47.9 91 a 411 

49-1 26.4 i.'nlcnrn-SW 4 <1 49J Sin 

24 1 12.0 General 23 1 25 0 * 

29 . 14 9 Croat n Accuni 28 J 30 0 

.A S 30.0 Income XI 9 ?■- « 

93 144 HrcorriT Sj ST.4 

Cr 2 72-90 Cal eh II Off Bd. AvlrsOtL-y/BucIvv 0296 5941. - - -- --- - - 

5° 5 k'Sl 1*4 0 U3.0 GguUT 123.0 130.0a 337 106J) 1« 0 Do Stcnrllf 1011 110.2 

Jilin - ?! i 16 - 9 ~4 Income Fund 112.1 1192 6.2T| U6.7 100.0 Do SlanJJUrd lid.! 122.9 

ii a «■=£ 1 99.3 W4 Inlrrnattnnal 65.1 90.5 2.18 

2s'£ 5 21 952 76J Smaller Co * 91B 77 J* 426 

(J*? 3Si lusuiBBce Bonds «nd Funds iog.7 ■ 90.0 Aii-H’naiiicrAc w.3 in 

15-?* 2-J1 Abbey Life Aaturaarc «'*. Lu. m".? tfJ Do Capllal 94.1 10 

JeJ *23.1- 3-9* J sr. pj U |i church*ard. E64P 4D.v D1-24S 0111 112 0 97.0 ImriUneni Fnd 1I1B - 

a. 1 National Wiatmlailrr L'nlt mat Muiien. 15.6 Equity Fund >2. 27.4 29.1 .. 149« 94 0 Prtelon Fnd 302.0 

•l 5 ?* ?*5i. «1 Lirtbbmr. London, FC2P 3BP. t>!-a37WM4 7S 4 12.2 Do Aceum.J. 22 1 23_) .. 106.6 1(0 4 Cnnv Pan Fnd .. 10 

r!-|“ 5 0 ? 1 n - 4 30.5 Capital 31.S S5.3 3.98< iaj 94 4 Prop Fund <271 112 3 116.2 .. 11-7.n 102.4 Mao Pen Fnd . in 

' 844' 29.3 JtaiDcpmr 2a.2 30 la SJ! I m.o 85 2 Uo.VCCUmi~l 3W.d 115.6 .. 1U7.0 102.4 Prop Pen Fnd .. 10 

5?'l .U.l 19 9 Flbancial 22.7 34.3 4.vS 71.1 37 6 Select Fund v3> <Q.4 64.8 .. PnidnlUl FndntDd. 

5'i?' '* ? ' 5 45.9 Crnblb 783 83.4 4.03 104.9 100.0 Con V Fund l'rt.S 1147 .. Hnlborn Ban. EtIN 2NH. Ot 

v'wru 51-2 4..5 Ealrj Inoim* 49.4 32. i a 830 ia3.0 30* 0 Money Fund 703 0 1083 .. i- -? SJ7 Equllr £ 13.32 35 

? ™ 2-” 1 Sew Cion Fund KmpnllL 146.4 5*4.2 PenM<*nPfopJT7> m.9 1^.1 .. 3733 10.01 Fixed Int £1183 12 

- ' -- - - - auckv 0296 5941 62.2 373 Do Bclccf <3l 37 5 _60.4 .. 16.46 FToDftnv S 17.9P 19 

1U.6 102 4 Crnv Pen Fnd .. IOC 8 ... 

lt-r n 102.4 Man Pan Fnd . inc.o .. 

3U7.0 102.4 Prop Pen Fad .. 1073 .. , 

PnidnlUl FadmiDI, _-■ * 

Hnlborn Ban. fix IN 2 N a. _ 0t-4« 9=3. 

J7JS 337 Equllr £ 13.32 35.19 .. 4 

12 33 10.01 Fixed Int £1183 12.81 .. I 

19.60 16.46 Fropany £ 17.99 15-50 .. . 

, “St 7ril J5 - 3 76J Smaller Co* MB 773 

34 6 9u 4 732 ■_ .Varwlrb Cnlaa Inraraarr Crnaa. 

16 8 IT.9 734 PO Bnx 4. Nora left. X1U 3NG. 0603 

Albany Lllr Annrucr Cn Lid. 

31 Old Burling!m* 5lrccL Wl. 
963 100 0 CUV Mon Fed 
98.2 100 0 Dn Accum 

»i 9 12.8 Gmoral 16.3 

36 7 20.8 GMVih Acctsa 2S.8 

983 19.9 Dn Income 35.8 

24 4 14.6 High Incunr 20 I 

20 2 U n InxmiarnL 17 8 

ai.4 193 Orcracu 20.9 

423 27.9 Performance 41.5 

21.1.6. 133 11 win I r laded 18.9 

21.1 12 8 Recorcry 20J 

Pearl TrnM Manat cn Ltd. 

46.1 493 6.55 PrarlTruM Manuc 

23 1 25 0* 6.0G ! 352 High Hnlburn. WinV 7EH. 

28-1 30 8 4.48 19.8 10 2 GroaTfa 

54 9 FT. 4 6 97 20 7 10.8 Dn Accum 

25.8 27.4 4.79 233 13 3 Income 

91.6 86.8 9 60 1 28.7 15.1 TfUM 

43B 46 S 3 441 33.0 17.3 Dn Accum 

01-437 5962 
963 301.4 .. 

MB 1014 .. 
U73 123 3 .. 
120.4 136.8 .. 
!U 100.3 .. 
97.1 1023 .. 
90.8 101 9 .. 

99.7 103.8 .. 
110.9 1187 .. 
113 1 119.1 .. 

9S.5 103 4 .. 

100 5 IP? 7 .. 

97 B 102 .6 .. 

79.8 104.8 .. 

99.9 135.1 .. 

1021 107.4 .. 

USB 1MB .. 
Ub3 1345 .. 

5H 44.7 lYuaire MB S6> 5« I 29^ 15.1 Tran 2TB 2ti 4BR 10*2 100.0 Triad Man 1 

46 6 3VI4 Vlurldaide 43B 46 S 3 44 33.0 17.9 Dn Accum 32 0 54.5 4.b0 _ Barrilja Lllr £ 

- Pelican (.nil AdmlalxiraUea. Cmcorn n«e.2S2 Roeiloi 

JJO-O 06.7 B id Inr Fnd 137.0 1413 5.31 81 Pr-uoutn Sireel. ManchcMer 06T-236 5885 881 86.0 BarcUjbDi" 

143.0 77.2 Do Accum 140 0 1443 531 534 30.2 Pelican 53.1 15.7* 333 Bethlrc Lire 

Bran d w Ll d. Perpetual fall Tnral M an axemen I. 1) B " ra 6 mil ■SL L ®T 5 ™ J 

3SF«i«iurrb SL Lundon. EC3. 01-626 6509 48 Ren Di.llanlF on Thame*. 04912 0568 100.0 10P.0 Black Horae 

113 0 85 0 Brandi* Cap i4i 965 1033*230 MB 463 Prepeiuat GrU BS3 68.6 430 - _raa*d»Llft 

3:3-2 S! O Do Accum I«.I 1(63 1133*2.15 Plccadlfle LnUTrutManaxenUd. 2-8 Rljb BL.PnUcrt Bar. 

110.0 Brandis Inc i4i 1015 1063 8.07 « Lovc^-fim^. ^ Ol^MdJ gj SSSSffi 

338 ^ParrioMa/HndManager*Lid. 25 ^* U1 ' 60 IJMSSStS 

TF.'X 17 ’*6 4 ! »-3 100.0 PHed Ini Fnd Sd.8 1019 .. 

29 * 3l£ 6 63 1£ ®-» Do Accum 99.7 103.8 .. En«cr| 

3'2 117.1 100.0 Mull Inr Fnd 110.9 1187 .. «.l 

S'? 2 ; j; 117.6 100 0 DO Accum 113 1 119.1 - 30S.4 

1^6 S 4^7 96.3 ) Do 0 Guar Mon Pea 9S.3 ICG 4 .. 9? 0 

ic'il 1 m 1U05 100 0 Do Accum 1U0 5 IP? 7 .. lor L 

ri ‘5 S 2* 5 10 KJ 3U0 0 Property Pen K1 IIC.I .. " J 

U, if J'4S 9P.6 100 0 Dii Accum Tub ioi.s .. l».l 

»J at 451 1W-2 100-0 Fixed Ini Pen 99.9 195.1 .. 

1023 1000 Do Accum 1021 107.4 .. i* 0 

’ U4 'a,_««ai., l”3 IuOlO Mull Inx Pen 113B 1213 .. S 

... 1233 lUO.O Dn Accum U63 1243 .. 9 ST A: 

iS-S 5-S I ts AMET life Awnraace Lid. =33 « 

«T 24 9a 6 -Un* Hae. Alma Bd. Re J gale. RH2 OAS. .4 40101 

33 *.rn 109 2 100.0 Triad Man Bond 11)93 US.9 .. 30 Cxi 

320 34.5 l! DO BarrlayaUIr AmnraaeeCe. 7§0 

ml*, ymcorn R«e. 252 Rom lord Rd. E7 01-535 1211 4'- 

061-236 5685 »-l 86.0 BarclajMmdi B6.S 913 .. 

58.1 35.7* 335 Bethlrc Life Aaannmre. PI J 

aeemenl 71 Lombard SL London. EO P3BS <n^33 1=*8 91 - s 

04912 6868 100.0 100.0 Black Horae Bnd .. 100.0 .. 

833 89.6 430 - fBand*Lift Amaiuce _ _ «. c f 

atm Lid 2-8 Rlpb SL Pollen Bar. Hens. PBlf 51122 134.1 

01-108 8744 46B 24.9 EgulU Gnrib 443 .. .. l»-< 

25B 27B 4jo 10*-3 333 Rellremenl 93.7 .. -- 

283 253*111.60 f annoa Ainttltt Lid,_ 

Beilwrr Mutual inanmee Seclei*Ud. 
TunOrtdcr Vdl*. Beni. 0S5C 2227I 1 ■ • 

1703 138.6 Rcl Prop Bud 1433 . 

Save fc Premier Group, , 

4 Great St Helen - *. EC3P 3EP. _ 01-934 8599 - 

96 0 793 Balanced Bond P5.0 1M0 

92.1 34.7 Equity Bdd 89.4 94.7 .... 

22 0 13.G Mini Bond >41 21.0 223 .. • 

1243 100.3 Prop Fad i30i 1143 121.0 .. 

Schrader Life Group, 

EnlcrprDe Hxe. Puflrmouth. P7W I 

99.1 1UP.0 DePPXll Bnd »5.i »1 104 4 

10S.4 100.0 Fixed Interest 102.9 iy4 
98 n 6? 6 Flexible Fad 91 8 99 9 

155.1 £7.1 Equllr Fnd 147 6 

155.1 90.6 Do 2nd SeT J5L9 159.P 
1X1.1 1PU.0 ProFndCjp 131.8 138 4 

142.2 1U0.0 Fen Fnd Accum 1423 149.9 

1 IK .0 100.0 Prop Fnd Oi 1P63 111.7 .. 

5»ukt iridoeiFui A LUe AFfaraoee. 

9 SI Andrew 5q. Edlnbursfl. 031-225 1291. 

253.4 UD.T lnv Policy 283.4 2313 .. 

Slater Walker lanruee Ce Lid. 

30 Cxbrldne Rd. IFU 01-749 9Uf 

?S.0 50.0 Scl Market Fpd 71.2 75 5 .. r 

47.2 30.0 Ho Capllal 47.2 5u.O .. 

I Standard Ule Araurancr Co. 

PO Box 82.3 Ceorge Si. Edlnburch. 031-223 7971 
913 41.8 t'nll Endowm'i 85 9 .. 

Sun Ufe af Canada iCKi Lid, 

2-4 Codupur SL SW 1 . 01-930 5490' 

134.1 70.7 Uapla Lear O 333.5. 

130.4 102.8 Peraunal Pans jztj .. 

Tar* *t Life Axaurance. • 

Tiini Hse. Ajlexborr. Bucks. 0996 5941 

100.4 100.0 Deposfline 96.7 101.9 ... 

9.1* 7.04 Bal L'nIU 

93.5 1(10.0 Drpralt Bnd 

PII5 740.0 .. 

acorn 541.0 .. 

al I 9.67 ... 
quits L A.V3 .. 

£ 9«7 10.2> 
Bond £ £.Z2 9 70 

and £ 9.81 1038 
!ls S K87 .. 

; Bnd 95.5 1013 

130.0 86.0 
96.0 93.2 
143.0 PV.O 

94.0 99.4 

93.9 B9 3 
M.b 85.4 
90.0 .. 

90.7 963 

5X2 -40 7 Ret Ann Pen Cap 4x7 52.3 

573-32.9 l)a Accum 5«.0 M.L 
95.0 liWOHei Plan Acc 9P.0 IPO-Q ’...~ 
95.0 100.0 Do Dn Cap 95.0 100.0 .. * 


Renulade H*e. Clnureaier. 0452 36541 

1 OT .2 Tndcnt Maa 104.7 uo.j .. 

120 .L 933 Do OUar Mefl 113.9 120.0 .. 

106.3 303.0 Do Prupartj 1093 1131 .. 

5-A Miaclnq Lane. EC.3 01-523 4951 PenfallaFnBdKnnngeraUd. __ £'tj'ijtti'f 107 . na- Fixed Interest 94 0 99.4 

0P5.0 79.0 B.T. tncnmc >2* 164.0 175.0* S.65 10 Cbarierhoau Sq. London. EC1. 01-251(644 £ Jiio "‘ SC-’l 80 3 Man Fnd Ar-c 93.9 89 3 

2F,0 16.0 Doi-^pInciT) 24.7 263* 2.13 663 37 3 Fori folio Cap 343 333 633 “3-g JJ-® -B0 ” Bl M6 DoIncMW Mi ».4 

23.3 16.0 Du Cap Acs 3 1 S3 26.9 2.15 72.9 32.2 Gntth WlthLnc 473 523 931 “■{* -S'2 piSn Vn?ir140 0 '* " 13U 0 86 0 Prop Bnd lnv 90.0 .. 

ffl.O 51.0 Do Exempi '2. 85.0 91.0 5.4* 41 6 16.3 PWrale Port 24.0 »3- 4.71 Sg g ^A«Sn 8410 ” I 96 0 S S £5 taHU 90.7 963 

S'? H I ,Q i nl l nc, 3' l=-2 13.0*4.60 »3 33.7 ShenleT Port 373 CJ 4.01 KxTc Baf I 937 . .. .. 342.0 Ow.O Dc Accum 104.0 . 

20.i» 9 3 Do Inl Acc 123 13 3 430 Practical laVMUafnt C* Lid. j' B s!oti Eiec Equity 1 K.22 .. 53.2 -30 T Ret Ann Pen Cap 4X7 52.3 

TheBrilixhUfe. Europa Hte. World Tr Centre. El. 0140 8893 Iijs 9 J9 Excc Prop • £ B.«l .- - 573 - 32.9 l)a Accum 54-0 M.L . 

Reliance Rie. Ml Ephraim. Ton Wells.069222271 118 1 60.1 Practical ln<* 314 7 134.0a 3.77 8 « 8.40 Bal Bond £ 0 97 10.2> .» S5.Q 100 0 Hel Plan Acc 8T-.0 wi n ". 

41.4 22.1 BriUxp Life 393 4D.9* 3 80 132.7 7>) 6 Dv Accum i3> 190.6 162.3 3.,i a S 53 s Equlc- Bond £ £.12 310 .. 95.0 100.0 Du Dn Cap 96.0 100.Q 

3!i B»ta8c*d*2i 31.7 ^.a* d.u Prmlnelal LI I e la 1 extra rut Co Ltd. 11.35 7.76 Prop bond £ 9.81 1038 .. TridrniUfr. 

iS-i C»P, Accum *2» 313 S ,0. 4^ 222 Blthmmra.e. ECL S.73 7.04 BalX'nils S F-iSJ .. .. Rentlade H*e. cimiciaier. 0452 3651 

34 b 199 Dividend 12) 27 8 S3* 833 62.6 3^5 Prolific 37.4 82.4* 338 95.6 100.0 Deposit Bnd 96.5 101J . > ' im.2 81.1) Trident Man 104.7 110,3 . 

BrownEklpley l'nltFnsd Maiaxen. 72 1 40.1 Do Hlicft Inc 693 74.4 8.49 — -- -130.1 933 Do Guar Uan 115.9 120.0 . 

Fnunder'p Court. Lolbbury. Ed. 01-000 8520 Pmdentisl Cplt Trust Msaaren. . ^V-SfS? ani^Si mraa 108.5 103.0 Do PruporlJ 1003 1131 

~ SUSS* .Si .SI : 

Si Si 38 3 a ^^ p *^«2 , oraS a 4 “" WB « > wwi^tt3SSS.®BrSRta4a« &5-SfaJhSS8i> ■ ££ : 

25.7 17 7 Income Drat 23.7 Si Stetan,-., *, m-me IT 17 “Ji 1 * arc Tvndsll Aasoranrei 

al aMrr Afagrance Said «v 

6JHigh Sirpaltent BafT Bans. Tlku- 511221 Rdianee Hrol'Mi'KtealmTlMirweUa. 06B222271 MS r T :> " j “S'® Ri’iuS!!* 

Si M-“«a Si Si 133 a ^^ p *^- 2 , oraS Jl 4LB " M " 0 WM.eS!tf^^S.^!i?ajr 5 S« 4 *M« ijg ‘SSnSTSSS’* 

I: klHsSE It if isisByw®®™^ - v arW 2 S 8 s FS * si *■ - ««ara.-sat“ 

300 Old Broad Si. ECUS' IBO 

583 483 Capital Fnd i*TV 56J 

51.9 483 Income Fad (221 5L' 
Carllal Yuli Fna d Manaxen 

0MB8 ano 1 031-328 735L 
60.0 3.97| 

CarUal Yuli Pund Maanam Ltd. 

HUbnru Kie.Np»'casl!e-tipaB-Tyue. 0633 31165 

61.7 343 Carliol 181 52 4 54.9* 333, 

67 . 37.4 Da Accum SS-O 6L3 333 

25.8 24.9 Do. High Tld 253 ZT.B* 9.8! 

=8.8 243 Do Accum 27.0 29 0-932 

_ CltarilleiOmelullBXVsuneal. 

77 Umdon Wall. Lerndog. EC2- Dl-M81815i 
116.5 M3 Inc* 1241 100.4 .. 7.3C 

2S03 • 29.6 Accum* <S4» 1203 .. • 8.77J 


3 7 34.8 Universal Grwlh 51J 54-1 2.73 *S-7 *S'J 

5 22.7 Capital Accum «J 493 436 . 

41.9 2!.o General 40.6 43.5 4.81 ? nd MonaKrO 

433 21.9 High Belurn 43J 46.2 S 04 

6=3 41 0 Cnmmcduy 57.6 ra.7 5.15 4^-0 

54.1 31.8 Ener«7 50.7 *4.3 1 69 M0 '> “O- 0 

35.0 20J Financial Jl.L S3.J 416 

42.7 22.7 Prop * Solid 40.9 4XS 3.91 

883 44J Selpcl GririNSJ 83J 87.0 2.S0 

78.1 37.6 Select InnS'i 78 1 81.6* 7J3 

1*73 1333 C«BD Pen>3> 1393 170.7* 633 

BBS .. 
34 * 

135:0 137: 

1 104.7 100.0 DoMnner 104.7 110.3 
11)6.5 100 0 . DnFUCalFtld 3 "6 0 11=0 
112 0 2X3 Do Banda - 39 5 42.5 

9330 KL10 Gilt Edced-f) 8D.00 .. 

Tvudall AnateR. 

J15 Can race Rd. BrLloL 077=: 

us:! filMSiX i:2 :: 

104.6 100.0 Inc Option Bod 104.5 

38.4 33.1 Equity Fnd 389 

Fad MimaKfd Fund. 

1263 4€S Pcrforroance IM.? -- 

123.6 1133 Balanced 1=3.6 13D1 

100.0 1003 Guarantee 100.0 .. 

Jl.L 53.3 4 16 

Commercial fall* Group. 

107.5 100 0 Property Fnd 107.5 113.2 .. 

10C.O ??.« Cn-n Fund 102.0 1U7.4 .. 

10X2 72.9 Managed Fnd 1U3.2 108.7 .. 

_ . Vfellarelunraare. 

Ca«rt*THoaceJaphetCnJiUan*cem«itLtd. 29.6 17.1 Capital 

3Pal*nionlerP.nv. London. EC4. 01-248 3989 «4J 369 Flo an rial Sec 

21 Mii! * »■» =0-4 = 45 2=U 109 inveamem 

sr£ IS-i Accum <3» 2X 4 22.6 2.45 76.0 52.9 Euro Gniwlhi 

Si S SS-? Jj> p l3 i. _ =8.4 30.4* 9.45 69.7 413 JnU Grewlt 

=7.0 18.4 Burn Fttl fS» 259 27.0 2J5 72.6 43.7 CS Growth* 

27JI 13.0 Fund Inc 1 31 33.0 24.6 3.45 S4A 18J General 

.Cra ua— t fun Jrmtf Maa_> «t»iUd. 419 31.7 Hlrh Yield 

4 Melvme CrcSCCtiL Ednnbnrsh. OJ1-220 493] 33-* 199 Income 359 

3.6 9.9 Growu Fbd =0.0 2L2 450 Seal Mu Securities Lid. 

S-? rJ-2 Jnlccnallimal 37J. 39.8 2Z2 42J 23J ScolblU S=J 

S-J iM Rrtrirex Ftad 293 31.6 4.44 3R.6 23.1 Scntyleldl 3P.3 

36.7 3S.0 with Dtat 36M 39.0 658 43-3 24.6 ScotgroHIb 40.0 

Kq situ Securities Lid, 48-4 32.2 SccUlurtt '37.7 

Londcin. EC2. 01-3832351 3 S-5 «*.-olfun<l>: 

53.1 25.6 Progrexelve 49.0 EL7 394 **-* * SroUnciunc 

EqultrA Lay L'pii Tract Managers Ltd. 

Amjrxbam Bd, U Vi'ycoratae, Bucks. 0(94 33815 1 1 ^ 

47.0 22J fvqiriry ££aw 4«J 43.7* 4J2 40 1 Capllal nfli 

Fraatllsclaa VuItTmlManacrmentLid. ,V?'i Jjj'i 

mUbOM Hae. 5-7 Ireland Yd. ECL 01-248 6871 Sj ‘ rmTci-um 

51.0 =8.4 Capital 809 53.3a 5.09 S 'n 

Bare t Pracper Securities Lid. 32 CornlnD. London. ElU. 

29.6 17.1 Capital 26.S 29.7 2.M Talnatlon I 8 U 1 of megifa. _ , 

MJ 369 Ftaisnclal Seen 88 9 t».8 3.07 uoo 639 Caplul Fnd 25 5 .. .. i 

2=2 109 Investment =U2 22 . 0 * 3.79 483 X.O GS Special_.E* •• I 

76.0 52.9 Euro Gcowlht 72.7 77.8 1.40 1193 85.0 Man Grwrh <231 119.0 1253 .. 1 

@.7 423 Joan Giwihf 643 68.8* 0.3 Craws Life Fnsd Dtsnranot Co. 1 

T33 «.7 CS Growth* 03 =0.5 0.83 Addlxcomhe Rd. ISncdoo. OX-935 4300 

34A 182 General 333 35 .1 4.92 m n 912 Crown Bnt Inr 115.0 .. .. ‘ 

Ji-2 » • PJfilW* . gi i “ Crusader faumact._ 

*■» 3*-9 a **h , tun mu* rm. mam Km 

01-6285410] 131.9 
1 Sd.7 

68.3 Prop Fnd 

71.4 moimt Maker 

fJ-3 Sf? J-S Ow» Ufe Fuad DmaranotCo. 1 

S'? 70' 2 ?'£ Addtscombe Rd. crordoo. 0X-«fc4300! 

rn"? 5-i. 2'S 315-® au crown Bm Inr 115.0 .- ! 

i?i S, d'S Crasadeclnamunee. 

Bmrrtnt; Bldra. Tower Place. Eto- 01-6=9 9031: 

yra. YalinUDDlal Taesdxy of month. I 

£-5 ? 2^? 61-* 50.8 Crusader Prop 52-1 S7.1 .. * 

3=3 34.8 3J» 
3P.3 42.1 835 

40.0 4=3* 4.76 

37.7 40.4 4-96 

1993 21U.4* 238 
40.1 423* 7-IS 

A t'a. Ltd. 

01-742 938= 
75.4 78.1 303 

OHsiore cad Interna titma] Funds 

Abacus ArbnUiBDIfr.T. I Ltd. 

4.3 Eagle War Ipsurnaee.llldland Ampaace._ltroad SL Si Heller. Jeney, C.L 05S4 MW, 

•! J-52 P0 Box its. N13 Tou'fr, CroydTO. nxesiiroi 04 0 56.7 Capllal Trun 94 0 97 0 2 m 
*• ±58 40.7 23.. Eas e Lull*. 363 37.9 8.85 W.6 Eulrm In: 94.0 101.0 .. 

,w.» '—>■ *°.7 =3.S Midland Lmlc 363 379 6 »S Bawbleaa Maua*enlJer*aj.ilAd. 

(l *' u Ss c™*. _ Gaardlaa ItoJUl Cxcftus*Asinra*ro Grenp. PO Box 63. St Heller. Janrr. C.I. 0534 STIkri 

75.4 4TSS W4^S 0 ^p^T 0 id EC3 i29.7 

)fs- uS -3 lil mJ> M -*w P ™w,“,r Bl 2 ,d * ln8 ‘ 1 - Cb U ^| V SlHKj^^" ,,C#, 0W1 - 37»6 

4B2-U33 3-gj__ Hamly Ufe A xaurnnee. __ *43 37.7 Jer Guer tFsoas 43.7 48.0 12 ■? 

S] 4 17 7 ,9l d , P ?TSlr“c. e vJ; 0 ? , - , i , w;J ,X vro4 OI-4BO 0031 10U 10.0 CBldOllar Tit 5 9J 10.0 S.<JO _ 

i?:i liSii mx&C Si 12 

ri«rr,Ud ^ is 7 •• SSSSEte =4 9 txl r" 

ah. 101-558 BHD i«3 134.0 Pen Prop Cap 1*9 1473 -- ^5 S'j 

373 ».9* 590 184.1 1819 1>0 Accum U4-1 1723 .. -* 3 ' 0 1« - Manx Muni al =.1 =3-e 2 20-. 

■eta eel Ltd. 141.5 «13 Pen Man Cap 3413 149.0 Bron<uAC^dle.cfJer»ylUd. 

n«rNllf 366.7 1379 Do iccum 185.9-174.7 .. pft BmH^BriradALStBelur, 

523 563 636 m3 100.0 Pen FZ Cap JTO.8 1J3.7 .. 149 0 .8.0 Brandt Jerse y 307,0 136 ft 6.51 

562 60 4 3.90 1193 100.0 Do Aciliin 316.6 122.8 1£® 0 £83 Do Accnm 1303 137 0 5.03 

21 6 233 1334 IlearUaf OakBaaeMSaelaCjr. _„ _ . . „ Brandu Ltd, _ 

353 383 4.48 Zuston Rd. London. XVi. _ 01^87 8020 « l^churob SI. Lirndoa, EC3. 03-«26 6B99 

=6.1 2S.n* 9-20 35.2 =9.6 Properly Bond 30.4 323 7034 5333 0'8M» Pud *63.19 .. 

873 40.4* 4.72 )DU Juiri UlrAiontnlld. Calrin BuDaeh Lid. 

333 35.0 4.® MIA TFT. Addlscnmbe Rd. Crindoa. 01-686 4JB6 8ft Blihopagaie. Londnn. EC2. 01-263 5453 

33.5 3K.1 437 USJ^LP HSProp Fnlll 123.0 12^7 „ ?».0 sSTo Bullock Fnd 804.0 9049 LK 

5-] 57-3 6-21 i ig 4 76A Furlnne Uan |5) 119.4 135.7 .. f 633.0 518.0 Canadian Fnd 577.0 653.0 1.98 

39.1 43.1 4.49 iS'Z ln S3 umin FM 1043 1».T ” > 3110 33*.0 Canadian Inc 276.0 314JD* =33 

85.4 86.4 3J51 1039 899 Pen Mao Bonds 203 0 108-1 

315.2 U? 3 7-591 

Haatbr* Ufe A wtruee. 

499 34.0 Income 

49.B 52 6 7.40 

si .2 24 0 General «3< 
59.1 =0.7 Do Accum 
4=9 37.0 Europe ■ 1*. 

43.5 SCO Dr. Accum 

J"S£ 7 Old Par* Lane. London. lO. 
SJ-? ®'3 J-}i 11= 4 1M-0 Fixed ini Fnd 
Bi S-L i ii 120-2 7SJ Equlv 
S *?-»• s-“ 134.7 1083 Properir _ 

32.6 349 -33 lfflA 73 J hlanaErd Cap 
[asarm Lid. 1393 90.7 Do Accum 

■emeetUd. 141.5 131 J) Pen Man Cap 1419 1; 

DI-6S8 0CW9 166.7 197JI Do Accnm 165.9-1 

52J 569 6J6 U3.5 100.0 Pen FZ Cap 390.8 JJ 

56a 60 4 3.90 112-3 100.0 Du Accum 116.6 L 

21 6 233 1X84 DearUefOakBaaefUSoelBCy. 

359 383 4.48 Ellrtnn Bd. Ltiadon. xm. 0. 

25.1 SS.fta iSD 35 3 29.6 Propeny Bond 30.4 : 

SI SI*$£5X S3 a? i^29M?^ B BSga"- - b!lft‘ ,r, Sg«9i S . IZi pe^?cV 

Funds In Court. 38.7 25.0 Equitable i=i 379 99.9* 590 184.1 1519 I»0 Accum 

Public Tnsdee, Klngswaj. WC2. 01-4054300 ^i‘f We “ C m^'rwra'o Ifit? {Vi* P DoAreran* 

63 0 4S.0 Capital* 78.0 70 0a -LBT ^ LdD Vail Bldpr, EC7M 30L iH-I 

ffi.o 40.0 Grom Income* 61.0 -64.0 T.ei Sf-g Tl'S 

^-d H A?J[?^M»aSrSuI a0 *•“ ’ *-» V 

m SS e ^nn ,an ' E -“‘ 333 Si V>i 

1« sc. Van^^^r^ 8461 Exm St S* SSKS - " 

S-f 36 2 GT can M.l 57.5 5.00 68.1 40 1 Commodity 

38.6. Do Accnm 61 5 65 4 5 00 ta* 24.7 Consoudated 

3S- !-■- I>U Income 96 2 20=3 10.00 35.4 293 Domestic 

1*9.6 91.5 DnL’SGen Fnd 1=4 .8 132.7 10 C 74.7 (34 Kxitnpl 

SJ'S f*0 JaP»n Gen 154.5 164Ja LOP 41,0 13= Enn lowme 

aOb .8 959 Do Peulita Ex J069 112.1 3.00 = 1.2 18.8 Far East Fnd 

GarUnreFltad Managers. 38-7 =S » Financial 

3 St Maty Axe. EC3.4 SBP. 01-283 35S1 S'® £** ina £ ftw ? r 

34.7 22.7 Ganmere Brit 32 2 34 6 4.31 33.1 IS ? General Fund 

32.S 22.1 Do High Inc 3=9 34.9 11.24 53A 369 l-lobal Crowtb 

Ot-490 0091 
10*9 114.4 .. 

117.5 123.7 .. 

119.6 1259 .. 

301.3 103.8 .. 

USA 134.4 .. 
1399 1473 -- 
1A4A 1729 .. 
HU5 145-.0 .. 
185.0-174.7 .. 
210.8 115.7 .. 

216.6 l=-8 .. 

. J? IS ? i-33\ JDU Samuel LI 

ndon 339 35.8 4 ® SIA TVr. AddUcncnbe 

4--' 4.w iola 100.0 Money Fnd 1019 It*-' 
74 3 sin R*dge Ufe AssameeCeUd. 

114116 St Mary SL Cardllf. 

Jj}aj(j 499 =7J3 Hodffe Bands 459 48.1 

28.5 19.6 Dc <1,rrscas 23.8 25.4 1.79 

Gtentlan Royal Exchange L'sli Man Lid, 
BaraJ EKbance. LoadonTSO. 03-681 IftSl 
Ui.O 315 Cuardhlll 65.9 68.2 490 

' HenderMn Administration. 

B Bajlrich Rd. Hullcn. Eiaex. 0277 =27300 

U Austin Friars. Lee don. EC2X ZED 

489 3=9 Auit TrM 
C4.9 389 fab in 

%9 30 6 t ap Accum 

3SA =5.7 European 
4X6 35= Far East Trvr 
-2S-1 S-4 Financial ITF 
3=75 80.; Hendemon t.'f 

37 0 Z3.0 Hl£h Income 
=45 14 6 Inc A Artel* 

27.0 179 International 

40.6 26.4 \ih American 
34 4 19.6 011 A Sal Bca 

83.0 443 World Wide 

23.8 25.4 1.76 271.6 87-2 Gold A General 

1 1 , 6=5 35.7 Growth 

‘ M-681 IftSl »•» =4 7 Hhtb Income 

A 9 5 ? n im 4=9 »0 Hondn-d Svov 

* 47.6 27.6 lucerne L'nlia 

meson. 27.6 182 Int Consumer 

, 0=77 =27200 39.0 21.7 Inr Til Shares 

- 2FD =5.7 1SJ InrestTri Units 

S'S S'S* an 31 ■” If— luresiora Gen 

!tiS S9 f S 795 96 2 Do 2nd Gen 

5X3 S73 6J1 

39.1 4=.l 4.49 

=95 31.6* 595 
.8 733 8.61 

=53 =7.1 10-08 

18.5 29.9a 3.68 

3= Q 315* 4 04 
459 49.4 3-94 
3LI ■ 3S.4w 520 

45.1 45.4* Xlfl 

93.7 10U.7 3.W 
MA 60.7 4.81 
5=6 K.6* 739 

54.4 40J) Takeover 
=3.7 =5-0 Under Ufe Eq 

2X7 25.0 MoriEacr Fhd 

23.7 =5.0 Cnor fflcsb \7d 

=3.7 33.0 O ferae as Fnd 

46= 48.6 

54= 57.1 

23.7. S.0 

83.7 30 

=3.7 =5.0 

23.7 30 

Imperial Ufe Assurance Ca af Canada 

1 633.0 515.0 Canadian Fnd 577.6 653.0 1.96 

I J. 11.0 336.0 Canadian Inr 276.0 314JD* 2=3 

1 209.0 140.0 Dir Shares * 136.0 =3=.0a 3 17-i 

734.0. 4t*J> Nr Venture Fnd 692.0 7SL0* 1.13 1 

_ rbartertoujeJaphet, 

1 Peteniasler Row. EC4._61-248 3999 

31.90 =L30 Adlropa DM29.40 31=0 7 .T 
W.W 29.2U Adlrerba DM 50=) 52.90 6.63 

33.50 =5-50 FiwidaX DM 31.40 33.00 6 67 

=5.10 16.90 FrmdtA DM =3 10 =4.40 7.35 

GO-29 50-50 Ulspauo 5 37.70 60.61 2.01 

C arabDI Insunn ee (Guernsey) Ltd. 

W 2 5? S. 2 S 79-5 * 3 Do 2nd Grp 

5Si SSiSfiS 1,50 52 7 Mineral! T'W 
SS 3f-? 5S5 f«-2 41.4 Sat BIRD Inc 

5- JI-2 157 e: 51A Natural Bra 

S- ? 37.5 =0.2 Sew inane 

SS iS =6 0 =4.4 North American 

55-5 37 .4 '10 31 47 7 2»A Plonl A Gen 

si'? ^2: 1'S 2581 Professional 

«'i S J* 3-g4 15.7 S-B Property Shared 

23| 2*S ;•?? U0-= 74J Prurldent In* 

22.9 2L. 4.13 u 7 -a. Sen! Trual 

SJ 4 44 ! 45 Smith Si. Hsaitxiani*. BN21 4CT. 03=3: 
29 J* 5 'gr 102.0 B?.0 EquIUe* 95.8 1 00., 

St IK 119 9 1UU Kjed Inl U«J 13^ 

K'ia JJS 134 4 95A Man aped 111 J U 7.0 

atro iS 305 4 ae-2 Propenr 3ie.4 m.o 

L * tJa 10P-9 100.0 MooeyPund 102.4 T07J 

= 6 ^ 5.73 IIS-S kibe a Sbaxaun joox xot.t 

83 3 66 - 8 * &fl7 

15.7 8 J Property Shares 

J0-= 74J Prurident In* 

58-3 29.1 Scot Trtur 

58.6 38.6 Security Find 
55.5 363 Shamrock 

4X6 =9.7 Shield _ 

=L= 13.8 Sialoa Change 

34.5 98.7a 6u9 

56 7 81.0* 8.46 

504 SIX SA1 

214 3 ft J =« 555 W.7 DhGorSecBd 69.3 93.9 .1 

Til tx'L K OI 114.S 79 0 Conunodnr 76=5 8 O .0 

*£3 3 ^ t Sih 100-S WXI Growth 97= 10X5 

97 10 4 ii% 10«.6 95.4 Caplul 101-1 306-5 - 

99 7 96 7 5 10 l«-4 67 A Income 94.4 99.4 .. 

<7 S ”'ta 12DS 100.0 International - 113.8 119.8 .. 

55.8 59.8 553 InveroneglAn*nlL»UI*Aa*uraaee. 

4=.? V.— 6.09 9 Perereua Court. Lond"n. WC2. 01-3535697 

38J 4X4* 5.49 107.B M-5 Uoo Equity ».4 .. 

19.6 20.0 7.07 113.3 7C.9 Do Accum 1015 

39-S I 6 O .5 403 633 49* Lint, Man GrwUl MX 55J -- 

808 934 9.04 81A 43.4 Do Cap 40.0 47* .. 

75 8 5X5 Lion Prop Fnd 58.0 .. 

cersLid. 761 46-1 Uoa High Yield 37.8 .. 

031-3=63271 Ul.B 31J Do Equity Pen J103 .. 

44.4 48.7 X6D 78.S 54 7 Du Prop Pen CL* .. 

M.9 mu 3JS0 70.6 62.9 Do B Yld Pan 68.4 .. 

eat Lid. Irish Life Assurance. _ 

HnisamorlCnltTrimtMasaxeriLid. 4X5 99.7 Shield 

o Beech St. E>.^ P 20 X- 01-628 SOU =X= 13.s SLqras Change 

sS Dnllar 55.0 58.9 Z30 14X4 823 Unit T’ 1393 150.6 403 633 483 UnuUanGrwIb M3 553 — 

* 6 -IB B In 1 wit 1 1Dual 38.7 30.8 X96 97* 54.9 LnlTcnal2nd BO-8 934 5.M ni 43 4 Do Cop 40.0 47* .. 

31X9 5X6 Brit Tm XI 6 6 1=83) 5 03 75 8 5X5 LlM Prop Fnd 58.0 .. 

230 9 52.6 Brit Guernsey 11 B. 6 1=5.9 337 , _ Stewart CallTTOat Managers Lid. 761 -16.1 Lloa Blgh Yield 37.8 .. 

323 5J rap =1 9 23.3 5 36 45 Charlotte SL Bdlnbursh. 031-3=69=71 Ul.B S 1 J Do Equity Pen UOJ -- 

HXO 36= Fin Trst 77.6 S3* 4.11 68.6 26.2 American Fhd 44.4 48-7 =.60 78.8 54 7 DuPrnpreo 6 X 8 .. 

=94 .UlMftn 20.4 2 X 9* 6 70 101-1 52.7 Brit Cap Fnd M.9 10U 3JS0 70.6 62.9 Do B Yld Pan 68.4 .. 

22-3 HW Yield 394 21 3 8 . 0 O hi Alliance Managmant Lid. Irish Ule Assurance._ 

40= 39 1 Secs TTil 39 1 4=i 5=4 Sun AlUance Hse. Ucnnsm. Sosicx. fM03 600. 11 Flnaburr Sq. London. ECL 01-409 OT 

. 1=00 HU Exempt Eq Tkt X19.5 1=4.7 5=1 357.9 136-P Prop Module* 1301 8 75 

a. ,_£PS*Stt4dS*lLt4,_ .. 73-80 Galehnuse Bd. Arlcshur*. Buell*. 0096-5841 137.7 337.9 _ih» GrwUl l31l 1MJ U>= 

17.4 Prriemtce 
Ml 19.8 Do A ecu 
Hi 9.B Cap (Xi 
=4= 31.1 Aual Chop Fnd 
23 4 10-6 sr r K'draw 

2B7 14.B Sector Ldni3) 
16 i 8 3 Fin A Prop i3i 

JSi OJ Pin A Prop I3i 14 0 35.0 4 .- 

■ 55 Ir>'Cnnrih ,4) as.c 28.4 21 

5 S JH 5 th „ 18= 19 6 a X) 

37.3 23.S Commodity iS> 36= 38.9 7.1 

4..j 28.0 D« Accnm<Sl 45.B 49 = 71 

38-5 M 1 1044b WdrawiSl 36.7 39.4 .. 

26.0 27= 13X3 

tt= 16= .. 
12.8 13 7 638 

U5 UJ* .. 
B».9 213 4=' 

14 0 30,0 4.43 

3B.C 28.4 234 
18= 19 6* 148 

36= 38.9 7.60 

,__ ararotaecuriutixtg, '72-80 Galebnuae M. Aylesbury. Buck*.M9frte4l 137.7 33J.9 uo crwui 1311 idj Ltu .. 

,fr ,L 5u 10 JT * tt “5 ’=j I'i““Eip™ ’SS’Ki- 

f'iSS 5 ™ ii SJ SJBK“ Si S? 38 4.1 ’SJ BSWBS 5 *83 

I? §1 if It ® 3 Si J 5il Bl si SjM :: 

... Ji r,.? =-3 = 6.8 17 T IniCTuaUonal 25.4 27.2* X17 UllkBnltyAnanattC*LI£.__ 

1 ate ail 3'3f =7j js.o Do Re-tneert 36.3 28J 3X7 1 Olympic Way-Wembley. HAS XVB. Pl-902 3876 

M= »L a *8 3 ~ “■ 0 InroHmeiit _ 23= = 8.0 =.« 30=- 21 = secure Ret ».5 g-5 

37.3 23.5 Commodity iS> tro 1=6.0 72.0 Prof esdonal 0) Ui.O U 9.4* 5.44 30-5 18.0 Select Inr 23J =7.0 .. 

47 4 So Srtom?!l 45 B -'S U».s UO income 18.0 19.4*9.00 =3.0 18.0 Do 2 nd 19.0 SCLb .. 

38.5 «110&¥S?w3i Si S.T 9= Preference 1U 1X9-14.S3 =J.o u| GH^nid^ 2g -. 

x..r-,u_ Target Trust UsituenISraUaadtLU. 1DX5 100.0 Depoall Fnd 1D== 106J .. 

25 Milk SL EC2V 8 JeT* manager*. 19 AlhoU Cre«hL Edinburgh, 3. 0^09 9621 UtedsUfe AsanraneeUd. , ^ 

B6.6 31.7 Cap Fuad 47= 510 in 5? 31S £5pi® *51 3.40 12 XeadanhaD SL EC33I7XS. 01^3 6621 

48.9 50.8 Fjirnrv In A TV. A la a Si X .H 3B.4 16= ThlsUe _ . SOX 3X3 6-50 ia0.r> Unit Rnrth Fnd .. 134.1 .. 1 

Eh or Man ageni mi {Jersey X ■ ... 

37 Broad Si. St Hrilvr. Jmtg. 0524 

1W.4 1UJI Channel Cap 186.9 196.7 l.l” 

1 CC .8 M -6 Channel Isles 96.S 11)1.7 3id 

Far*syndle*iCr*qp, “ ” 

Acenhc N.M.RniliscbUd and Sons. 

Mew Cl. si SviUlln'i Lanv. EC4. 01-626 4356 - - 

X7S8 X3St Euniniou Luafr 1.729 X7b€ . s.ul 
&3.D 255.0 FU) I’nlun Lualr 323.D 335.0 4. JI > 

Flrtt General L'nltklanagen. • 

91 Pembroke Rd. Ballsbrklge. Dublin 4 699087 

MX 34= Bnk 11 st Gea i3> 47= 51= ;.07 

116.4 100.1 Do Gilt 1 =) 109= JlXSoiOjj 

BambroslGgentseyiUd, “ 

Pfl Baa 66 . M Peter Port. Guernsey- 0481 28M1 * 

1X5-9 6=9 Channel Me 1C0J 10C.7 5.60 

Indindual UfeTmoraars Lid. , 

45South M. EJilbnurne BN 214VT. 0323 36711 

Ul.l 1 'JO.O toreiua Fla Inl 106 l 112= .. ( 

105.6 100.0 Do Equity 92= 106= ‘ 

Rayanday Bermuda Management Ltd. 

Alios Use. PD Box 1029. Hamilton 5, Bermuda > 

X42 1.15 Btshopaglc 1=8 X34 .. ; 

IjunaBiloreninentMpnminentlAd. " _ 

8 St George* SL Douglas. 1 . 0 = 1 . Pounl.v. neft. 

25.0 37.4 Itat Income 131 19.6 aKSTa 

H7X 27.9 Do GrohlbilOf 57X G 0 = 3 ^ .«. 

Manx lo tern ttlaaal ManagesaenL 

2SM,lkSLEC^yS“ iM “*' rfc 01-806 7070 

BC.6 31.i Cap Fund 4T,A 51ft j n 

MR t?^pK FBd ' :3C> S'S 2' 8 

"i s-2 s-5 

Target Trust Managers (Eeailandi Ltd. 102= loo.o Deprolt Fnd 10== 10X5 .. 

9 Aihcii CmeoL Edinburgh, 3. 031-39 9621 Lloyd*Ule AssuranceU4. 

ai J4.6 Eaale 2X8 24.4 3AB 11 1-. a 8 r ^lyrn-< 01-g=S Qf=l 

Si f i TSSSno Pnd Si fS «•cSS md uli - 

44 6 37.9 Claymore Pnd 4_1 44JI 4.04 gj OPTO Equity 87 3 99= 1 

Tffl Unit Trust Managers Ltd. 

_ - . Limm Seegrlllrm. 

03 George Street. Edinburgh. 031-228 3911 

34.9 18.8 American Fntl 20.9 at ID 

34.0 18.8 Do Accum 21.1 2X1 X62 

28.8 21.4 GIlLkWomnl 27= 29= 3.40 

4D.d 27.3 Blefi Yield Fnd Ml 391 u.oo 

42= 28 0 Do Accum 40.6 43.6 13.90 

76.7 47= Scot I Ilk Inc 67 J 72.1 3=0 

77.7 *7 5 Do Accum 67= 72= 3=0 

LeolfeGearralTiadan Fund. 

28 C*arnc» Rtf. Bristol. ten 32241 

46.4 tj.6 Dtslr1Butl<mi40i 4X4 44.8 5=1 

49 4 26X Do Accum 140) 4X0 50.9 5J1 

Lloyds Bank Unit Trust Managers. 

71 Ixanbard Sf. iModnn. EC3 01-S312ffl 

38.3 1X5 1st Income 37= 4ft.7 4.82 

47= 22.6 Do Accum <7.0 50.5 4=2 

42.6 20.7 2nd Income 39.6 X» 

49 7 23.9 Do Accum 46.2 49.6 X98 

60.6 3X5 3rd Income 99.4 g.6* 7.0S 

73.1 37= Do Accum 7X4 77.8 7=6 

MAG Securities. 

Three Guars. Tower Hill. t‘C3R 6B0. <U-£2g 4S88 

1321 TILT MAG Genera] 124= 1=2 5 87 

178.9 103= DO Accum 1HJ 183= 3=7 

13.8 74.1 Mid Gen 112 7 119= 5.49! 

163.1 B3= Do ACCUm 153X 181.4 5.48, 

96.6 33= Sdld A Gen W= #* J* T.80; 

330.4 72X . Do Accum DO 4 1M= 7^! 

77X 38.1 Dir Fad 77-3 MJ W, 

Ut= 90= ' Do Accum 134= ID.4 8.71 

101= 59= Special Trn ' m-2 ,W-J 

U0.6 66= Do Accum _M.4 100.1 4.0 

239.0 330.4 Mtenum Fnd 164.6 172=a 4.0 

265.7 145= I?o ACClim 191= 200.8 4.0 

S= 3= Do Accum SS.9 56.1 3=0 

aj 36= Do Accum Ef-J ,«-• 

108 = 68= Japan 38= loax i= 

52= Sd.4 Euro ft Gen 44.9 47.8 3.0 

56.1 26= Austral as: an 44= 47X 1» 

44.1 20= Per Ekit me 31.1 33.1 4=9 

44.1 21= Do Accum 31= 34.0 423 

77= 5X3 Trustee Fnd 96= 102=* 6=5 

360.9 Do Accum 1803 lfi93 6.BH 

56.0 as 4=4 achanurWar.Aanorer.Hants. Andar«r62US 

*** ! M .7 15= General Si= 33 = 3 = 

37 X 17= DO Accum 37.0 39.1 

5S1 48 ® Seottlah 86= 50J 

39 4 45= Do Accum 56= Vil 

Tra a sal laiilrA General 6e curitias. 

4—1 44= 4.04 99.6 0= OPT B Equity 87 3 W= 

e» Ltd. 105= JML0 DO Property 206= 110= 

. An barer HUBS 1UA 94.7 Do High Yield UQ.4 U6-3 

31= 33= 3=7 106= n.g Do Managed 101= 110= 

37.0 39.6 3=7 103= 100.0 Do Depoall 103= llg 4 

86= 50=* X06 1113 100.0 Pen Dep Fnd^ J1L3 11.= 

56= 69= 3.08 173.3 143= Do Equity Fnd 17S.3 1M= 

._... . 123 X 100,0 Do PI Fhd 122.0 129.5 

lecnrtUaa. 128.6 100,0 Do Man Fnd 128= 135= 

M n =B!.sbs?jr rw v= sivs wiviSlo do md ^ 

6^9. 3)3 Bmbican i4> S7= 61.4 5.45 f Munufacmrera LUe lowraace. 

a'« fill a ’^JSSSSsLx&S 

_ 71.8 44.7 BucWnBJiam/4) 0= 7X7 4.58 MnrehaatlareslarsAaanroaee. P0 LW * 

I®-2 4?- Do Accum Tn.O BL7 4=6 125 High StraeL CrjydmL _ 01-666 9171 ^^pggnCayman.CymaoIs. 

44= 5=1 «= 48= Cn)emeu M.o uni, iutl 111= 102.7 CoorDepBnd 111= .. .. u.43 OffMiora . * 0=6 0= 

30 Victoria Bl. DuUKlaf. LOJL 0034 nan 

155.9 87.0 Gtr Pacific 117= ll£f* W 

4G= 34= Manx lot Inc zr= 40 j* Vm 

1«2X TLX 8cb Cnnrtb (27) 73.7 74.4 

_ _ 31 AG Grown. 

Three Cuayc. Toner Bill. EC3R EBP. fll^te iw • 

96= 5*= Dland Fnd + 83$ ffiStrS 

130.6 70 J no Accum t lQt-7 113,1 qrl 

■ 1=8 X 29 Allan tic ftp I LH 1=0 

3=6 1.10 Aurt ft Gen S i.wi x=Q ** 

Old Canrt Fund Mag ag og XJd , 

PO Bnx 56. St Julians Cl. Guernsey. 0431 wm . 

45.4 36.8 Old CTEq 13*I 37= StT. 31 ^ ! 

ICQ.B St= Old Cl Ini 135, 97 = 11117 " 

102= B4.L Smaller Co's 94= 1D9= i'w 

Oil rer Heart) &Ca, 

31 Mil o> SL CasUel own. LOJL offinnr-u 

109= SLS Bril Cone Tut SIX 95= jsS 1 

1U4.7 99.4 Cap See d Rea 104.7 Itn-. 

U6= 100.0 Cray Rights ISt 196= ni t 3J|J 
4 Irish Place. Gibraltar. Telex cx ui 

I«= LUL0 Clb larTst 116X134= 

135 5 »X Key CUT lnv 101= U7.T 
78X »=. Warrant Fhd 6L4 67= _ 

„ _ Slant- Waltar laspnau Ca 1 C.LI LM 

3 ama ussafr - G,uf %s , - 

St** W»373eic 

F f 1 !? f &J BT 235.7 244= £50 
■87= 43.0 laiT Fnd 57 = tn a S^S. 1 

1-13= 100.0 Jersey Energy 124.5 134.6 vm' 

71-8 44.7 BncWngnam/4) 0= 73.7 4.58 MeretaatlareslwrsAaauraaee._ 

79= 0= Do Accum 78.0 RL7 4X61 125 High SlreeL Croydon. 01-886 i 

■9= 48= Col emeu 

167.8 53.4 Do A reran 

143.6 97.4 Endeavour 

48= 29= Glen Fund at 

976 32= Dq Accum 

87J 47= G'chesier * f6» 

88.3 64.0 Ldn A BrUS'lS* 

46= MX AlarlborouEb 
SC 4 32.6 De Accum 

59.0 36.8 Merlin >1, 

65-5 394 DC Accum 

43.4 as Meriln Yield 
4i.3 36.4 DO Accum 

M.O 108.1* XU 111.9 103.7 ConvPspBnd 111 = 

107.7 11-1 a 6.18 210.5 200.0 Do Pennon 110= 

334= 10.0 3X3 73= 38= EqulLc Bond 46= 

38.5 41.0 5X0 14X3 91.1 ..Do Penrton 324.7 

45= 0= 6 5Q U3= 79= Managed Bond 80.8 

Kix M.l 2=5 200= as.2 Do Pension 9X6 

73.8 77= 5.56 126.7 101 2 Honey Market 1H> 4 

4S.0 50= 3 28 128.0 100.0 _ Do Pension US.4 

61= M.l 3=8 150= 9T= Properly Bond 1W = 

35= 56.6 4=2 14BX 9L1 Do Pension 105.5 

0= 6E..9 4=3 

HftG auuraner 

«'f SS S'3S Three Quara. Tower HUI. EZ3R8BQ. 01-826 4598 

| 97= 59= Emitty Bond ^4) 6S.9 M.2 

9=4 71.0 4X8 Do Bonus 59= 62= 

.9=4 63= 0.4 UH'l Bn<h4i 0.6 7X4 

[ ?-99 116.0 68= 7am Bnd 1976 116.0 .. 

Do 1977.80 M2 .. 

DO IBB B6 114.1 

97.9 67= Managed Bonds 9X9 97.7 

43.S 38.4 kfhrcr Boodt 43= 

E4C 129.0 54.7 Per* Pen ibi 121.7 1M= 

4.73 138= 109.4 Prop Fnd <4i 110.4 U6.0 

M Konrieta UiIm lasaranee Group. 

V« Is N«YlelL NRl 3NG. OSH! 

2M 13X4 99.7 florrfeli Maw3i 131= 138= 

•• 196= MX Do Equity 13 1 196= 208.5 

•• 100 = 100.0 Do Proa 01 100 = 305 = 

_ 166= 99.0 DO FI* IM l3l 98= 309= 

2241 1S0X &L3 Do UnlU (38) 130.1 „ 

45.6 47= 9.15 

1715 183= 5=7 45 = 2=4 
112 7 119= 5.40 KI.7 49 R 
153X 181.4 5.46 «= . 31.0 

19= Vang Growth (J) 34.8 36J* 3=4 

40= 43= 3=4 

?H .S-i J-S 22.0 10.7 DX Grown Fnd 15.4 36=a 4.73 
-M i 222i, i-g 39.0 3L9 Income Fund 33.7 35,8 10J2 

ISI 1 0* 4 tt 3X5 1X4 10> vitbdrwl 27.7 28= .. 

ig 31-0 SX7 Inl Growth 45.8 48,4 3X4 

“■? S'\ .g-® 29= 2L2 After Growth 37X 26= .. 

Si ,Srr ax 23.0 nu Yield fuh ats 26= .. 

MX 6X6 10X8, 
95= 10X1 un 
44.9 47.8 X69 

449 47 8 3.88 TyndallHasafenLid, 

44= 47X X« IS Caaynre Rd. Bristol. -037232241 

31 i w, t 4=9 m 05 iBcom e (31 81= 85,6 6=B 

3X9 3L0 433 88= DOAeCWB® 1X3 134.8 6=8 

P® 5 f* noi3bon!'^TOuila. ' 

°'“ a » D1 » u3 ' * XJ0 1.18 6.00 

if 3 ««• 

TrQtfjin Gran, 

®jA3*«ie' SL St ’Heller. Jersey. 0634 T.xn 

}S°o> 78= int ManFndi 0 > 86 n Ml . 
,2'S - — <ygM. «W3i £ 6.90 7=0 6 pq' 
X_4fl 7.00 Do Accmmp)£ 9.15 9.70 6-00 

96= ICBJ* 6=5 ™-2 “-J 01 

1805 1695 6-BSl “ a - 8 « Accum 

ACCUrerS) 138= 134.8 6=8 «_,_T52 l w A *" T SS f J5" , i » 

al (3? 90= M.B 4=0 ag.BItb HofcCT. WOT 7BB, 01<fQS8t& 

Accum Q) 118,6 12X6 4X6 1£6 - 6 96= PropCnlte 93.4 10CL3 .. 

inl director and 



’cuuiuuF r- 

“f ^|: 

> avmff 9-Cnn u*n « 

«rf*intt.u.K. alld{ h^ 


country properties 

Knight Frank & Rutley 

20 Hanover Square London W1R OAH Tel: 01-629 8171 
14 Broad Street Hereford Tel: 0432 3087 
8 Charlotte Square Edinburgh Tel: 031-225 7105 


Droitwich A mi/es. Birmingham 21 mifas. M5 Motor¬ 
way 5 miles. 



In a quiet position in the Culm Valley. Exeter and 
Taunton 15 miles. M.5 motorway 2 miles. 



\r: u ■ ~r 

i •■■’y V-V.•-£ • -£.*•• ■■ ■.v '• ■■■’,£ :. .,.■ :. ■;. - Y .. L *W 

1 ^ v. 

Fine panelled hall. 2 principal reception rooms, 
study, domestic otfices. 5 bedrooms. 3 dressing 
rooms. 2 bathrooms. 

Self-contained wing with 4 further bedrooms. Range 
of outbuildings including stabling and garages. 
Gardens with small lake. About 46 acres of land. 

NOVEMBER, 1375, AT 6.00 P.M. (unless previously 
sold by private treaty). 

Apply- BANKS & SILVERS. Wmceslei Sir eel. KIDDERMINSTER. 
DVtfj TED. ITet QS6C ei98l| and 

KNIGHT FRANK & RUTLEY. Heioford OHica |T*|- 0432 3087J. 



Etcfnngham 9 miles, Rve and renfertfen S miles 


4 &7lT «oiic? 

Additional features: Attic rooms, old barn and 
stable. Walled gardens and paddock. 

apply LONDON OFFICE f7«|; 0I-S3P filHI. 


8 reception rooms, offices, minstrels i gallery, 
domestic quarters. 9 dormitories. It staff bedrooms. 
5 bathrooms. 2 staff wings. Oil. central healing. 
Lodge. Stable block divided into 2 cottages. Squash 
court, boating lake, playing fields, formal gardens, 
woodland and fishing rights. 

f 13 ACRES LET) 

joml Sole Agents; JOHN WOOD & CO., B4 High Sliest. 
Homton Devon ITel: 0404 3177) and 
KNIGHT FRANK & RUTLEY. London Olhca (Tel: 01-629 8171). 



St Peter Port 7j miles. 


4 receplion rooms. 2 bedroom suites each with 
bathroom, guest wing with 4 bedrooms and bath¬ 
room. Staff accommodation. Most attractive grounds 
including walled garden, copse and farm (tel). 


Joint Sole Agents: LOVELL & PARTNERS. 11 Smith Sheet. 

SI Peler Port, Guernsey (Tel 1 0461 23*338) and 

KNIGHT FRANK £ RUTLEY, London Office (Tel: 01-629 8171). 


-l-t CCJRZQN SPRECT" LONbOSVW 1Y 7FH (01-499 629l) 


Tsunlon. Bridgwater and M5. 9 miles, 
Minehead 14 miles 

FARM In the Quanlock Hills known as 
Quantock Farm, Crowcombe. Comfort¬ 
able old Mill House (5 Bedrooms); 
Stabling and Stock Buildings; Good 
Grassland in a ring fence; 3 acres Wood¬ 
land; Vacant Possession. 

AUCTION (unless previously sold) in 
Taunton on December 9, 1975. 

Apply: YEOVIL OFFICE (Ref. 3), 0935 


WILLIAMS & PIPER. 79 High St.. Hurst- 
pierpoint (Tel. 0273 834231), Sussex. 


near Scarborough 
Prominently situated in this unspoilt 
village with south aspect to the Wofd. 
Originally part of the Wykeham Estate 
and lavishly improved in 1973. 

3 Reception rooms. Master-suite and 6 
further Bedrooms. 4 Bathrooms, full oil- 
fired heating. Staple-block with games 
room above. Walled garden with new 
en-tout-cas tennis court. 

Apply: YORK OFFICE 0904 25033 



Riverside House with 225tt. frontage lo 
Thames. 4 Recep., 7 Bed., 3 Bath. 



Elizabeihan House with a superb Great 
Hall (listed) 4 Rec.. 4 Bed., Bath & 
Shower Room. 

1} ACRES. 


Elizabethan House in delightful selling. 
3 Rec.. 5 Bed.. 2 Bath. 



Excellent 1930's House. 3 Rec., 5 Bed., 
3 Bath. 

) ACRE. 

Private Treaty Sales 
Apply LONDON OFFICE, 01-499 6291 




Newly dreamed Srd-floor 
rial. Li bedrooms. bathroom, 
cloakroom. kitchen, lovely re¬ 
ception room, all amenities. 
Li-ase io December. 3*)btj- Beni 
■C3.-USO o.a. ckI. Pnce 
UIO.UOO for excellent carpets, 
curtains. fixtures and niilngs. 



.AND . ; V 



3 RrcrpHOn Roomi. 3 Bedroom*. Dathroom Cjniie. CihIm 





On Drcem bw -*!b Ihe hrurs is 
publishing n Special property 
.feature on Kent. . 

Esiaie Agents £ Properly 


01-278 9231 

aiirt bool vow a.leerti-eti,enl 
i if ■. ou book beiore NovrniVr 
4 you’ll q*rl an extra If^e 
discount. > 


Cp-rimW mtnlcm dri.ichni 
bungalow on acre approx., » 
IvKimoms. bathroom. living 
room, dining room, kitchen¬ 
ette. ouTiioe. 

Convenient IO ehops -ind sU- 
4ion. seaside 5 minutes - 

IJubirn Airport QO miles. 
£11 .OOO o n o. 

BY lie S. L ravy. Sea 

Estute Agents ; 

& i 


On October M-i nie Times J 
i% publishing a ' 

Spotlight Property Feature 1 


Essex. Suffolk & Norfolk i 

II 11 til It II lull r r«’»«A.*f*I r Jl 1 
properly, ne. uruueria and 
I coinp.ervlal and l.iilusirlal prop- ] 
cm. j 

If i’pn haiv anj nroi»*-nu-, tu 
advertise In tin.- are., I 
ul •jTf *C5I and »uvj» ip hi* 
Properi V | 


□vuched. 4 double bedrooms. 
baMirooni. 3 receut . Ii!.'nl f li¬ 
chen. Bali . centre of Milage, 
be-Lino woodland, peer »oimnon 
U It. Linlnii -o nilnules. UU. ZiOU 
"lUIck mIvi. King's Langiej. 

i-oiianr., sei in field*., icl ■ u j 
m'.n,. London. Supcrbfy [ 

r.iodernisod. unique charm anchl- 
t’ merit. ■* betta., U, 
lUMjr)' kllcncn_ c.h . 
oarden. acre paddock. LjO.lua I 
Kveitinqs Mlncty 0."ih. 




Thursday 13th November 1975 
Palais de Justice ai 2 p.m. 

P0MTOISE iVAL d OISEi—«* flillmeni ids 
Plots d uno—woods—with eonstiucnons 
on varieus plots 
allusion »n Ihe communas o' 

dopondem on iho , 

rtasww* price UttwecB 500 FfS »nd 1Z3 i .500 FiS. 

P/gasc apply 

Me 8UISSON. altomtj. Ponloisd T#l *M 3 1 M 
Mr MAUHERSE. atloroey. Pttilloto* T«l 17 IB 
Me DELORD, altornev. PantOiM Tal 46* DO 

Hants .'Wilts Borders 10 miles 
Andover ML Station 

A matched ptc'urcsnuc Georgian 
village house. G Principal Drds.. 
3 Secondary- Reds.. 2 Baths. ■"< 
Hpcepi.. Kitchen. Oil fired cen- hc-aiinq. Garage, lijricrf 

t-.irden. Ofirrs in :h" renlon 
*jf LGD.OOO-invilert lor lh« Irce- 

Apply : 49 Castle Slreel. 

Tel. (0733) 34433 


Pt HI 11 -Jl MILKS 

Iradl'.iOlUkl Mone bom hou&e 
»pi m vl'la ge of Stnilliniy. 

thorouqhiy and si>5e|ul.v reno- 

\-j-ed in l i*-'' ‘ 

SeciuJed s^rJen gruLrxl »l 
IK.irlv J. aili-’.l*in*d lor 
ejjc o! m.ilnienai’ce and year 
round interest wan mans rare 
siirule, and irers 

1 tiree r-cc:.: u" ruom* - 
e'oakroonis iio'Jrr'i HU'-d 

a ,:n .kias: rui>'i*_. 
uiLilly room. * bedroom* ana ■ 
b.:!J»roo.iis •- en >uli**. IJ1I 
[ipi-d cen-ral li'jtlrg Ihrnueh- 

oui. double Oar.iT. ’J ■irei’n- 

liourrh -«nd oiMer ou'buildings 

f dr tur-h -r particulars .ind 
arr.ingrTucni? in ’-iru. apr-lv IO 

Renton Finlayson & Co. 

eis fA ms on ice 

ABEHf t'f.OV f« -ntlSHIRE. 
ph t j '.Dr. 

Telephone AberfcWy 2J4 



Ehcellenl until bmli linUM- 
In PfS! C'llP order. TJir«-e 
double- oedrsom** -rod 1 sinqic. 
'J bathroom.*, dr-wing rotmi. 
rtlnlnp toont. lilted kilchen. 

inieqrai caragr. good parrtrn. 

central I»r.iiui 9 . punning 
0 -nnMs*'Tn tor 'luillo * -.ten. 
slon. freehold atiiiiahle. h7. jr. a! C7> P ■! 

FOR SAL E £2.6.950 

0I-S34 7425 


SM 1 

South lacing hauir. esner'ir 
bum -no ri*alnlmnnce : i.ill 
idunne •difing rood <d)iislbic-, 
rittert kiicticn. vtudy playroom, 
a bedrooms. _ tw'.nrooms. - 
clOrfUTionrs ullllt PODin. i uj»- 
boarts every*.* here large . ellar. 
In para' qaru-i*?. sun foul, lull 
■ .h i" remold L4.i.<J00. Ud'9 
a;u oicio. 


Modem house, a bedroom*, 
a bathrooms, kitchen, cloak¬ 
room. 2 roccpt'on rooms. 
Mudlo room with ler races, 
oarage, garden, c.h. Lease ■> 
years. Rom E4.1UO p.a. esel 
Price KO.aOO for good fitted 
carpets, enrta/ns. IIMuros and 

3 r, Klnncrton Siron. S\\ l 
01-033 7 **3 a 


Vers conifurubie spacious 
famllr house in South London. 
S.S.L’4. IO mire.- Walk victoria 
Line. 1 nun. walk lo Bruck- 
well Parte. ltK 

Master bedroom u-lih balh- 
rooiri and dressing roam on 
time, 2 other bedrooms and l 
bathroom, large sluing room, 
dining room. conservatory. 
large fitted modern kMChrn. 
Ample filled cupboards through- 
uul. paroen. IM^Se, c.h 
oners aroundI'E2S.OOO- 
phone: M30 ISbJ day. 

7.17 Ido 1 * eves. 


lo rent S67P n.a OutM.mding 
lu^arj flat rcuidl 1 for Imniedlalc 
ucc.uoar.on. Spacious 
r«:ep ion room, dounie oeq- 
ruom. balhroom. Ulchrn. -u 
conditioning. G.H noru-rage. 
□ c.nraltd and Tilted to .*b 
extrrmebr hloh iiandarii. 
SuDcrb coimnls. For Sale 

£13,000. Lease ja years. 

ri. .Artingion Sintei. London, 

lei.: Oi-4V5 B2ii. 


Indtildual modern risiached 
hou*c ascrlooking _ 9 reen b*.*ll 

farmland, some j nilnuu-s 
walk from Mot Line elnlton. _a 
nilns io Mar/h-brinr. wk M- 
qu. i ihr.jugliout. lounge dining 
nmin. rlai room and hall • i 
uond doubir bi-dronm'.. tt.ll 
Hlthra inicgrai g-rooe. full 
qas r h . p*:ci*llriil 
-■chorls including SI. l.lcm-n 1 
Danes n.ovl-ig out from Lon- 

LM.'gsJ 1 rreniilil. 
i.Viorles-wood »7ti2 


Preiiige modern Ibwn h*m*.r 
*.*l in qoli-: and alira-.ilic 
-•,u.iri; I c-alurmo j •• b-td.. 
". hall. . 2 ricri't. ldi*ai fi.r 

.-nicnalning. n.ird.-ns 
■ibd sun Icrr.icr. Dgubl<* 
•i.irooe. Centrnl t.r^ung '-4 
\**. !?.'S.73H. 

nninuN poole * i*< uns 

■j". r.roni"ell f'lacr V.i'■ Jl.D 
■Jl. Kh4 4-d".l 


l.bcillraini rt'iaclieri umiio- in 
rural liicallon. lu nill<*s »«' l 
lull c h I utn rWurbL.)Jt-d. 

Oat 47 H 1 njT. 

dPUClird family nuuse of 
lirj.lbii* prauur.un.-. in • arri,- 
•: ,'t b"*uronms. ri*c.-plian. 

i. Hi lirn II-in under* J 
rooms. 2 M-iuMtr a- c.s. Gas 

i llmk,i;ii-. 
ncparair car uon. i...irrtpn shi-dJ. 
t.-rr|p>. will, sun binds m -.'ibln 
a .».■*«.i r,.«rilpn. ■ »i <• .in 

large Usnpond. Half 
liru*arrf woodland IstiM ■.onii'ri 
lo ll.ils. Oilrr-. .irquntl ‘^JO.uliu 
ilrm-hold- —OI-H'iJ , -4 , i(i. 


—In* unuu.:-. intuli-rniveil si-ml- 
rl.'MMied house. Close ronntmn. 
i ht-drooiiis. m.i,;*-r bullirm^n 
'.0310% '.411 % ]2fl <*n *ulli- 

with principal tH-llmuin. w illi 

double ba:h and gold'-d 111 - 
Mng>>. *. iOni! balhruuln. .Inutile 
r>-i.''t>!iBn room, dim no n>um. 
;iia\ruo'ii filth bed large i-n- 
trance haH- ttTinhfon nfied r.ri- 
rlion. q«S C.h. . guud garden • 
lr.-rhold t:-&.5Wi.—'Millnns 7o7 




Newlv modernised spa do us duplex Hat on charming rural 
sauare of private gardens. 3/4 beds., 2 recep a., large fully 
B kiK 2I&.S., gas C.H. Freehold &6.500. 

Fre^holJ^ttodem mews house in immeuiate order situated 
io quiet traffic-free mews. 3 beds., double recepr., k. & b., 
patio, garden, garage. C.H. £35.95U. 

ST. JOHN’S WOOD. NWS „ .. . , 

Freehold period propenj- in sought after road 

close local transport facilities. The acco mmod a non 
comprise 4/5 beds,, 2 recepts., kitchen, 2 baths., delightful 
garden. £49,500. 

bjtuu^ IUUIU| MU.UGU w — “ :—- 

awd- Lea^e 99 years. Inspection advised. 

HAMPSTEAD, NW3 „ , . _ . - - hj , rfs , 

Spacious family Oat close Bclsize Pari: Stn. 3 beds., 4 
recepts-. hilLv fined kitchen, 2 baths., 100 ft. pnvate twaUed 
garden, garage. Lease 99 years. Recommended. Ij6.jOU- 


Show flat in purpose built block. Own entrance. 2 beds.. 
bath., recepc. fully Fmed kit., C.H. £21,300 to include 
carpers and curtains. 


2 Wellington Road, NW8 722 1166 


Sparlous law bum family bouso 
O bedrooms, dressing roam. 2 
tulhrouais. 3 nct pllans, idlchcn 
& cloakroom. Unatonable Bardin, 
off sin* ci parUna. £49.500 
Freehold, for quirk sale. 

Lane Fox & Partners 

36 North Audios Street, w.l. 
01-499 4TB5 


thane unable to abend Ome Joofc- 
mg themselvos. Phone W lo50. 



kumomood o CD, 

ui-i53 m»4I 


4 lh floor Hal In mansion 
bloU*. A boo*.. 1 recept-. 
buai*. All amcniuo*. lease 
years. Rent BA.WO MCI. per 
annum. No premium. 


■\rd 4 th floor malsonpjre- 
all amnntues bicltidlng balcony. 

1 beds.. 2 recsDIs.. 2 batha. 
L<sa»e 7 year*. Rent £1.600 
p-Jr annum. Price £8.750 to 
include c. A c.. f. & f. 


; riiLt m well ran mansion 
block. 4,-5 beds.. S J recept.. 

2 baths. Loose 58 yeiai*. _ Low 
outgoings. Prices £43.lHJO and 
U54.00U. The ground noor 
flai which bus ll# owro entrance 
may null dqcior or other pro¬ 
fessional use. 



C.P.K. Construe lion Ltd are 
producing 1, 2 and 5 b«d riots 
In Hareourt Terrace. Rede lift* 
So.. Calhcart Road, and Ifleid 
Road. The Rais are radio. I ly 
concerted to n*iy high ipeciflca- 
Uons. smontr nilod kitchens 
and OflUirooms. a onerous built-in 
storage. Some with paUo gar¬ 
den or terraces. All with C.H. 
sad entryphone. 

Prices from £13.350 Hr long 

01-584 851? 

Business to Business 

READERS are ^ZrtSs JSKSSSSt^ * r * rn,, "“ l ***" 

blsiness notices 


An e»mItalian ror the Certifica'" t .nf C at t County" ^ia? 0 l5t n J3mua ^ l^ ,l 
dunes of Dlstnci Surveyor w*H Jl" Serions nlieiblr bi- vinu’* nf 

inMlluuon* : 

Royal tnsUiuip or Bniiah Arcnitccis 
Kojai Insillutlon of Lharicrod suneyors 
liuikuito) of Bmicninii Englnows 
Iruillotion of Civil Engineers suroerors 

Incornoraied AssoCwlloB of ArchllfiCis and survejoro 
JnsHioHon of Municipal Engineers 

Persons not m eligible may apply * h ,° for can mil lure 

Surveyor* Ekarolnatlon Board evidence of suliabUity ior canoioaiure 

for Iho Board's consideration and decision. 

possession ol the CerUDcaic of Pronciemcv « U, e iaro S *s^alro r ^“76- 
mfin to ihc poaIuod of Disirtci Surveyor <j^ary scains -.p.iyp 

STO&ffift SST3W &&■&&&* 

Completed appilwiions. inrludlog oroor of qua.KIcahon. should be 
subniltt^d no lal*r Lhan Friday. 12 November. 1 




n> are a Sales.MaiKeilno 
ornaniMiiion wlih a national 
sales force ind are looking for 
additional equipment for our 
sales force to handle. Such 
equipment should be capable or 
bains either leased or rented. 
Enquiries uijh full ««* 

should be addressed U BOk 

liTuO s. The Times. 



Two-bedroom Hal in small 
modem development... *t«»n 
facing sitting room with fine 
river view, filtod Utchen. gas 
eh.: parking: porter: VB-ycar 

£19,500 0.0.0. 

01-748 54l«> or _ 
0I-4OT 7676 ext. 857 
Office boars 


Top Itoor bachelor flat In con¬ 
vened V’Jcfortan house. 4 mins. 
Gloucester Kd. rube. 1 roam 
2 u ,s 15 with ample filled 
cupboard*, fully fitted kit- 
clien. bathroom. Accoss .to 
private gardens. Scrvlt« 
rfiarye CC.u p.a. including all 
mauuenanc-* (a promises, 
n.ll. 1515 p-A. 

StU.'VOO to Include carpels ft 

Teleuhone: 01-584 0655 


Huge private icrrace. Luxury 
Hal. modern exclusive block, 
altracllvc garden, quiet atrorl. 
2 bedroom*, sunny lounge. 
*ep. w.t.. garogc. 4 mins. 
Kalk 2 stations *tl yrs. icaec. 

nl-.Vjg jib7 

BAYSWA7TR.—No.iy converted t. 
i! a .3 ruuiu oparinivnu In «4Cl- 
li-ni lucatlun. Heady Id move Into. 
Liu.niKi io U17.0UQ.—Anioer- 
sark. 2 UV vlibl. 

CHEYNE WALK. — Two-bodTOomcd 
Hal. River views. I Hied carpels, 
itiilalus and VHUicn. Including 
gas c.h. LUXili,--01-552 bKTo. 

HYDE pork. W.2. Luxury purpose 
buili llai uveriuoklng the Park. U 
Uco. ouort sl/c nccpilon room, 
fully fined llich’-n. new i»ll»- 
room. scp. shower room. L.H.. 
Porter nimble glaring. 58 years. 
£2* . 200 .—Hrltion Poolr 4 
Ru«n*<. UI-5H4 4U51. 

KENSINGTON. W.B.—Modern flu 

In luxuri presllge hitch. 24If s 
1711. rcct-pl.. I I ixl. C.H. C.H.tN 
Honrr. gar.igt-* Liu. l ,ifi »T.. 
ground r-nl 1 -o.j n„. £Uil.a«HI 
o.n.o. Phune ui*w5:, non offic 

nr ul-421 -I4*i4 

Ifou ‘s this lor tiiu rooms 7 2 nd 
H'Hir iiupi n.a. wdlh lolly 
pnclied c.-illng -mil a balcony-.4 
rouii,-,. ”in ov ion.. 1MI. k* 
I’MI . lull Ilf 1011 . and a loR. 
hi- till, kllchcn. lulhraoui, Kp. 
vi t.. Iqi» oi viprauc. Borne dec- 
nrulion ri-ijiiiri-d. also add central 
1 . 1 ..lino H yuu 11 Le i.lV.V5U.—- 
LHnlum St Reeves. OI- 
y. "M--" 

SU.1C lous U year old American 
r-n ie urciiigt- lui n«f M iun 
Mu-.euin. 1 mInuiui uxiord si. J 
dauo.e beds., ihruugli lounge, dln- 
ln-j rouw. Cun.uns and carpels 
inroughoui. iijragi 1 j»aliiipip 
Litno lease. C.j.j.laO muneoLilc 
r>g.>cviian. Plionu 01-242 7311. 

JUM t nniuleii-it —E'Ji ««.. . . 

RECENT'S park with brc.ilhlol.lnH 
views iroin .ill jdos ovrr Regedl s 
l*.irk and Primrose 11111. Imiiw.p- 
l.'i** (Ml In small mod. 

b'w.1. 1 fMvla. '4 baihE *one en 

Sim**.. delightful roenpt-. mod. 
kil : i-.ii.. ' -|iace a valla Wr. 
la j*.- *-o v.*,?r;.; £5^.500 Ade- 
... it Hlmland, 58b «lll. 

3T. JOHN'S wood. — Brtohl and 
->l!M*ii«e <faf. tatty madcrnlsad. 
, in i*\i r*llrnl hlocl . 7* bells., IIY1IW1 
rgam, <lin|nn room nilld. Wl.. 
• Hi . h.ilh . t/.ilcuny, C.h.. MM. 
i uuri-r. I.*.i-,r *"0 years. C&i.ian. 

r— tnscumhr * Kim land. oBb 
| *111. 

| ST. JOHN’S WOOD. l>nlurr Lour I 
llnniaqul.ilp ( 

) I'lDlJ, Iti’JCk 
■l lieda.. U 

15 BOYER $T„ W.l. 01493 22« 

MEWS FLA I h. Wl. A selection 
or quiet ano ounnm 1 ) nrwi 
Flats, newly motiernr/ett- ciose 
to Hortiano Place : '4 a rooms, 
imenep ana caui : lease <*> 
years from £17.400. 

Barons court. wi4. a new¬ 
ly nvooernizco ano orooraica 
basemeni tut or i dm. i rocen. 
Kiicnoa ana win : lease iit> 
i'ruus. grouna rent M par an¬ 
num. s:ii. yuu- 


Hat to. large i.-3 reception, 
hall, eloahroom. superb fluid 
kitchen i every gadgei*. - '» 
bedrooms study. Double gU'- 
utg. 2 bathrooms, terrace, grille 
fined windows and doors. Gas 
C.H. Large garage. 110 years 



Leamington Spa (0926) 


Luxury maisonette in modern 
black situated in Park. Two 
bedrooms, two balhrooms *Qne 
cn suite*, large lounge, fully 
nited Wiighiou kftenen. Under- 
floor C.H. Lease y 5 years. Out- 
nolngs £20 p.w. approx. Garage 
space available. 

Telephone 01-580 2757 


Mansion rial. 2 bedrooms, 
louago. Idtchen and bathroom, 
loactaus and well lit. Only 
£ 10 .-/5U for early salo. U*J 
years lease. 


4til Chiswick High nd.. vv.4. 
Ol-y>»4 8512. 3. 


Spacious nilracilvc rial un 
-4 th Moor Of quietly lliUaL-d 
block, close to shops and trans¬ 

Double reception room. 2 
actfruoms. a baths . kitchen. 
C.H. Ufl Orelaker. 

Leas, 55 year*. Price 


1 Hans Road. S\i5 l n/. 
Tel.: Ot-SBf/ 14*.n». Evl. 2824. 


Hans Crescent. '• flais 
available on im year leases, 
crnnal heating, erury phone. 
Low oui goings. 

1 room, k . b . ST.oqu. 

I room. k.. b., £7.500. 

5 rooms, k.. b.. £11.500/ 

01-CB4 42.31 

PUivrEY.—Attractive modern rial In 
purposa-lNiUl block’, -lose to Tuba 
and British RaU. Hall. 2 double 
bedrooms, sn-ur-5rd bedroom, 
bathroom, srn w.c.: l«n. lounge, 
lined kitchen: c.h.: Urge bulll-ln 
cupboards: n.iragc: inase l*Ho 
Toont. Cil Sun.—CaU tim 187%. 
Orel, aflw 6 P.m 




wilt buy a partnership in well 
established specialist coniract- 

inc firm. 

Head Office—Bexley. Kent. 

Principals only. Box 1258 S. 
Uti Times. 


factorv reconditioned and war- 
ranted by (SM. Buy. Sava up Jo 
50 i«r tail. Lease. 5 yra. tront 
£1 >iu wkly. Rent, from £10 pm 
month.—Phone Vartan. 641 Wn8. 

3 <V, you need our help.—Ring 
01-63*1 M386 lor brochure. Phono- 
sales Ltd.. 6 Old Bond SL. W.l. 

INSTANT H-nla'r*. *L>tu». lypownl- 
ers. Galculatnro. Metyclnan. H2H 

limited Cotnpanioa. J. h. uunpsm 
Rogislra linns & Co. Ut-UNB TUB. 
42 Arran Kd.. London. S.E.b. 


rioNS ■»—tarse or *>ni*iil luw. 
a r <ccs. shops, lactones or flats 
work MTied oui alter buivr-c^S 
■'onrs If required: me esumatej. 
alt areas.—Stuarts. 01-5W 4161. 

He J. JASl-N GOLD Umlim 
The Canipanlaa Act. 1548. 

Notice Is hereby given. pqrsa«, 
IO Section of the QumSS 

A«. 3>I4i> llul a MLmSFff? 1 
CREOITORS of the above 
Company win be held ai 76 *E 
Cavcndlth Street. London tf?S 
BAH on Friday. 7ih TKwJgy 
1W7S at 11.50 o'clock hi thehE 
noon for the purposes menuqM?£ 
PecBoM 2*14 and Z'JS Of 

Dated this 22nd day of ro—- 



Limited and 1 fas* e*J 

1'J43. oa ' 

Notice is herom- given.- emm, 
to Section 2C>o or the CaateS 
Ail. 1JW8. lhal a MEETBWtfeS 
CREDITORS of the above 
Comrany will he held at 767452 
Cavendish Scroet. London. W.l _ 
Tuesday, ttth November. 
at 3.00 □ clock in tne artotttli' 


Dated this 24th day at Dob^.^ 


O hector. 









tj-3 King StropL. Maidenhead. 
Tel.: 1 0628 1 oOB14. 



Full Service is our 

• Law and taxation. 

• Mailbox, telephone and lelay 

services. , _ . 

• Translations and secreurlal 

g Envniivc offices and confer¬ 
ence rooms far short or long 
terni rentals. 

• forma Lion, domiciliation and 
admliristratfon of Swiss and 
foreign companies. 

Full cunftdonco and dlscrotran 
assured. ... 

Business Advisory 

3. Rue Flerre-Fatlo. 1204 

Geneva __ 

Tel.: 56-05-40 Telex SU>42 



Re; PARDSAL Limited .l ajy gjiMt- 
tari Liquidation i and the Co»mp»hlC* 
Airl i V*l8 

Notice "is hereby given mat the 
CREnrrORS of th e a bove Mtned 
(Vunpanv are required on or_ *»*:■ 
fore the flth December. 17.5 io 

Phillips. F.L.L.S . P.L..I.P... « I® 


ww„v r t^ sris?| 

L-qui dolor arc lo conrc in and 
prone HiBlr Said dchls or ckalnj* *} 
such ilnie nr - place - as shall be 
syecinod In siKh notice or . in 
default thoreol they will 1w iw- 
eluded rroin the benoitt of anjt 
dlatrtbutlon made before such 

day. of 

October, ijggjjy 



£5.000.000 due 25 January. lbTh 
Issued on 29 Octobor. Jcts" 
ATfrage £**7.157. 
C-a7.SOO.CiOO appllcauoas. 

CT.OOO .000 outstanding 




University of Auctisud ■ 


Applications arc Incited for the 
following appointments: 

senior lectureship in 
DRAMA: The position is a 
newly established i Department 
of Eng!i»h> one within the 
DrpartiDBnt of English. The 
University arvfcs > person wild 
high academic quaifncatlon* in 
drama, and also with practical 
exp or! once In the theatre. 
Knowledge or theatre adminta- 
tratjon would be an advantage. 
Candidates should have proven 
ability to work with students 
acton and pradocars. Appb- 
cattont close 5t> ll/7C. 

LOGY: Applicants -bauL-l have 
a postgraduate quallflcaUon m 
anv field c-f Zoolaai bat die 
Department would be Intsnuied 
rspocialiy tn candidates with a 
background in Endocrinology. 
Experimental Embryoiogi. 

Parasitology or GcneUis. Appli¬ 
cations close JO T h 75. 

Ih ih« School of Medicine 
LECTURESHIP * Non-mrdl- 
LOCiY: »Depjrtmciii of Cmu- 
munlly Hralih.1 Appltomri 
should po»se»s posigraduat» 
auailfleaiions . in _ vfedtol 

Sociology and should have 
active research interests m 
that Hold. Knowledge.. of 
sociological paltcms lit _Ni*» 
ZRoland would be an advap- 
lane. Applications close an. 11* 

n pastqraduate atiallflca^Qn in 

Salary: tipn-radical staff— 
Locnxiur NZ57.861 rising io 
Ay. 010: smtior Lecmrer 

NZSio.osi rising lo $11,792. 
in except! opal cases un to 
£10,817. Commencing salary 
will be determined In accor¬ 
dance .with qualifications and 
experience; shdlcaEr eiuimed 
staff—Iccnirti NZXto.Ssw— 
S12.4T5 i har t. In exccpllonal 
cases up to $15,041. Lecturers 
apnolnted above the bar but b» 
Mid an allowance for clinical 

Further particulars, condi¬ 
tions of aopotniment and appli¬ 
cation procedure may lie 
obtained from Ute Association 
of Commonwealth UiUversIttea 
■ Apntsi. 56 Gordon Square. 
London U'CIH OPF. 



Freehold Lind for s.ile from *. 
.Uri* lo Urge acreuggs*. tome 
river frontage, evcellcnl invitsi- 

Tor rnrUier Ion write lo 

J. r. Sheehan. 2»* rerldoi Si. 
Bayvli-w HnlgliU. 

' Calms. NUi Old. Australlit 

CYPRUS.—Sujyr vflla* and village 
non Versions. Llnussnl Puplioa.— 
Hefarn lhr noil bourn wrli<* 
Doadlcea. lo ThMcknray bireci. 
London MR .in*. 

sq » olflcrs to lei tor in y.-ars 
with r**ni r**\i<"w ji mih r**.ir 
Men! £4.<iOD e.a.x. Annfv sfal- 
niv-Wi A 111*248 .'CIKl. 


rent until **nd 'l.iroh. 
brUrnis.. eic. i J‘ - miles 

London—yi-s rtally : yAU p vv. 
Nu tinder-li#s or dugs.—Lpsom 


UP to £8.0041 .lv-.iiiuhie. 1 and I. 
Lr*iiai*hold Inn,ill- hnuw or tlat. 

SW1. 7. fn Of-.77.3 761V 

Special Reports. 

All the suhiect matter 
on all the 

subjects that matter 

CHEYNE WALK- — ijuuwndmq 
listed home v.Uh WJUiilUl n’-’W 
mi in IUv< riavs rondiuon 
c-t'.nu incnoid. lolcol.on* 


^^RMfroilS 14th NOveftther 
i«76. ui Room C20, Atlantic House, 
Haihom Viaduct. London Li-lri 

' 1, cohrrmBirt-oni^ 

day and al ffio «w place of 

nC,OJ V SADDI.r.R. Oltlcul 
Rncoiwr and provisional 

nir, COMPANiraACr. AoZ 

Mailer ol \v I TFEM D-AF-Irtl 
mint . crtATWAcr scRkicrei 
Llmlicit. Nature ol Bwlnert 

BU ^SWr?-«»Dr« MADE blh 

^ATF ( . L ^nd PLACE of FIRST 

CREDtlXlRS Ulh N<,y*-mbe f 
1*175. «l Room C.20. Ailannc Hnu»e. 
Ho'tiorn \TaUuct. London EC IN 
-jHfl .ii M.ou o'clock. 

OOhTn*IB1.TORIES on the wine 
ilay *nd ai Ihe same plate at li.-su 

n. a. williams, orneui 
Hecelvnr and Provisional 

Liquids l or. 

llie Matter Ol PHILIP HEAltSFS 
LUnlti*d. Noiure or Business: Bulln- 

ina contraciors. ... 

Uctotter. 1**73. „ . 

DATE and PLACE *#l 11RST 

MF-irnYGS . ^ 

CRLDrrORS .Ijth Nuveinher. 
l'*75. -vl Hoorn iv*. rentplar Houm*. 
Hi HI'ili I toy burn. Lnmlun WUIV 
#,NP. -ll j.Ull O clock. 

dav and al the same plai* at <..5U 

L U BA ICS. Olflcial prc^iver 
.ind Provisional LlqUIilaiqr. 

III*. Matter nf WINC!SMrf»S Umited 
Nature ol Buslnc**- Wine and spirit 

lmnofi(*r. .. _ , 


Octnher I'llj. ___ 

DATT. and PLACE, uf riitsi 

r.HEDITOns IAUi Navfii-her 
1*17,7. at Roam S5*i Templar Hqit^e. 
HI High Holborn. London. WClv 

ijMP at ft fin o'eiwfc. 

GONTRHH TDRICS *in the wmc 
day and i*l the same place al lO.oU 

C °L‘"'rt RATFS OIUcUi ReretvT 
■ind Provisional l.iqqidalnr. 

THE COMPANIES Rfi. !«-»« In 
lbe -lattei of T ll f riflH Llmlied 
Pf.»inn- or Dimness. Bu-U'Y* 

Octniti’r I*l7-j. 

DATE and PlJU'.f. Of MHS1 

CRGOriOHS I AH' Nriierolyr 

1 "73. jl If uotn «2U Allan 11C HoD’e 
Hniltorn Vu.lucL. IjoitHon. F.I’I N 
21 ID at 1 1 i.M a~cirr?k. 

CONTKIBI ITORlES on the sain** 
rtat itnt- -it the vjoic pluie al 11 . Ml 
n't lock 

N S.VDDLCu nmc'ai Receiver 
and Provisional Liquidator. 

In thr Mailer of I'AITKiROVE 
Limited and In flip tfalter al the 
Com imp i re Atl 1*340. 

. By ord.'r of Ute High Court r>! 
Juiflco Oulcd I hr I StJt day if July 
'.1VFST-Y. Chartered Accountant 61 
SI. Jatntws House. Cbariofio 
bireci. Manchester. Ml 1QZ lut 
Hie above nainri tJnnmanv 

Da icl Hits 'J5th day ol Sbuiuni- 

brr 1'*7 j. 

00147, oT 1*72 ,. . . .j 

Notice is hereby olve? *S#T-a- 
tended io be DECLARED . in Jn* 
above-namod Ccmpany and that Pro* 
ret-cniLil Creditors who nave not 
olrnady proved lh«lr clatow are lb 
come in and prove such claims on 
or before the l-»lh Nq vorober IY73 
after which dale tho OfncW 
Receiver snd Liquidator of the 
above-named Company will “ rKC ?9 
to distribute Ihc a&seia or the sain 
Company having regard onli' m 
such Projureniial CrodUora as shall 
ihcn have proved their claims. 

N. SADDLER, ortlclal reeriiTT 
and Llqu'daipr. Atlantic 
House. Holborn VtaduaL 
London. EClN 2HD. 

the Matter of NEW DIMENSION I 
Limited. Nature of Business: Dealers 
lit merchandise. 

lolh October. 1^75. _ 


CREDITORS _ 13th No comber. 
1V70. at Room 23'i. Templar House, 
81 H'ob Holborn. London ViCIV 
6NP. al 3.1*0 o'clock. 

day and al Die wnu place al 3.oO 

° C ‘Vr. BATES. Official Receiver 
and Provisional Liquidator. 

the Mailer of ROMWOOO EREC¬ 
TION cu. Limited. Nautrc of Busi¬ 
ness' Plumbum and central healing 


^i&TE \uid" PLACE of FIRST 

CRCDirORH 15th November. 
J 1 *73. el Hoorn C20. Atlantic H«yw. 
Holborn \T.iduci. London E'JIN 
2110. -it 1U.UU o'clock. 

dav and ai the samp place at lO.^U 
o clock. 

D. A. WILLIAMS. Official 
Receiver and provisional 

THE CO'VPANIFS ACT. 1»>48 In the 
Lunlted. Nunire of BtulneA!.: In¬ 
surance RroJ.vrit. 

15?li Oelober (uTA 


CREDITORS 13ih November 
1*i7j. al Knom G2U, Atlantic Houfr, 
Ho 1 horn V'aducl. London EClN 
2HD .tl 11.5*1 o ciori.. 

rajNTRfor mines on the umi* 
rtag and 4* the same place at 12 .UU 

Itecntver and ProtiManal 



CONSTHI-CTION Limited. Nature of 

IlliVn-M• Sleep Ereriqr^. 

ORDER ww>e B,h 
PUta * ° r nRST 

CREDrrpRS ! 5* if November 
i,‘ n , a . u C? —Templar Knu-e. 

Hulborn. London WC1V 

*iNU . 1 * a.M p-r*o-k. 

nONTRfBLTOnrcs on the Same 
“*\ and jl the same ar 2..V* 
I 4 ctqck. 

L. R. BATES. Ofriciaf R-coiver 
and Provisional Liquidator. 

1 Tlir r.DMPANIr* ACT. 1-4H. In 
y THACKUAIL Limited 
* Nj lure of Bust n<*M- Land * Prq- 
DCrie De* r liiiirn. 

Or'rth«.“ 1-73 

-i°rasrs n, ‘ PLAr ' E 01 v, » 5f 
t ;P*‘ or r' - >RS 14 .NllV lilbT 1**75. 
>1 I loom f.CO A Uon lie Hcur-r. R,jl. 


[ CflNTHIWTORlFS on Ute came 
1 Jl Ul, ‘Ware at ll.Au 

I D " ILM \MS Ofllral 

uSSSZ*. af,d Provl,l0MT 

COMPANIES ACT. t','45?.- In 

PEtiTn^u" 11 u !i ppo- 

sss^ssa^sK. of aus '- 

lOTa , l ^. 0RDEH M *«w 

j „ OA^ r5 Jhd PLACE Of FIRST 

1 |.>!T'i ,E 0 ,, nRS l-Tth November 

. Hnitim 1 GUO AHaniic Home 

j ”3 d°-M 12 - EC1N ' 

(d.?^’J R, . B rr rorT,cs On the «J-ie 

u'cim'i^ *’ lhe ‘ ,jme *’ 'S- 3 ® 

0 oJ i. U'lLLMMa rtl’ftcikT 
Rrc-’i-n.r aB „ ProvUlonal 

Tbe University of The West 


Applications arc Invited Tor 
Ute post or 


Previous evprnonvr in b re«£m . 
coctw ar angflter UW JT® 
would, be desirable though » 
essential. Tlte programed ► 
yolvos breeding and scIsctfR; 
for yte'd and iiuanac realsUSU. 
SMary nT15,2U0 J o. 

iTb'au.MlM p.a *21 aaeHtta 

oquau*. r.s.s.u, 

rurolNtmd accommoiiaaoti ■**» 
be let by iho University aLJ. 
renial ol lU‘e. at aa-air- J* 
however, mo auff member jub- 
vldoi his uwti HCihsiniiiu'fitlPf- 
he will be paid a honsWl 
ai’owa-icv uT noor his u™r 
»iunable salary. Up to nw 
pjs-*juei , a: aquravrd rair?; 
on appointment and on noma] 
trfutinatlon. Stu-ly and 1W“ 
Grant. Detailed appuatww 
tsls ca.iics*. lnvtuain* * 
curriculum vitae naming thrtt 
terereas. chamd be scnl as sea i 
as possible lo ihe Scaea»>* 
L'nlp-fMiy of lhr kW Jnd» 
SI. Augustine. Trinidad. FW; 
,h .?T. pavtFm'jrs for the POP 
will he sent to all agclKanu- 




llratlon" fontl* irfSH 


•ointments Vacant 


Secretarial and General Appointments 


zperienced financial journalist reqaired for- the 
re-laimdied City Press. A man m Ms 30s pre- 
(, 'who has worked in Fleet Street and who -is 
h r with -the international financial scene. - 

ilary by negotiation. The Deputy Editor wiU halve 
Mm a young team. He wiU also he Writing exten- 
for the newspaper. 

ty Press is a European financial weekly with 
a correspondents in the main business ceoares-of 

‘rite to: 

City Press, 4 Moorfields, 

London EC2Y-9AB 


Central Office of Information 


v (£ 5 , 310 —£ 6410 )> 

tojolna busy group supervising the-produceon 
of TV and cinema comma rclais for Government 
Departments. Campaigns Include road and fire safely. 
Armed Services recruitment energy conservation, ana 
crime prevention. Work Involves close consultation wun. 
major advertising agencies and fitm and-TV production 
companies. • 

Candidates must have experience (some with an 
advertising agency) of film and/or videotape 
production and a good understanding of television 
advertising. A flair for the effective presentation, or 
information on a range of subjects. Including social 
and environmental topics, is desirable-*- - 
Starting salary, as a Senior Information Officer, wHI 
/be within the quoted scale according to qualifications 
and experience. Promotion prospects. 

Non-contributory pension scheme. 

For further details and en application form (to be 
returned by 19 November 1975) write to Civil Service 
Commission, AJencon Link, Basingstoke, Hants. 
RG21 1JB, or telephone Basingstoke (0256) 66551 
(answering service operates outside office hours) or 
London 01-838 1992 (24 hour answering service). 
Please quote- ref 6(21)633. 


- -Personal SecretariesforWCl 
^ JW-sS 

ggg? B S?M-2ff 0 * da 10o '' 5O) - 


COO<1 'wS&iUlTE^/we&S 10o35?f 

^M B w 5sass m r ,Bn “ sssssr-Mimst sks? 

Pleaj e wri te tor an ajjplfeauon farm or contact:_ 

■H® PEH SS^*°CSSS^ R |^ unMErn -»- 

' Til.: 01-242 4455. m. 21% 

ft) JT i'mpT-V f»Tw r/T 



business personnel required by the infer¬ 
ial leasing group of major international bank 
*s U.K. operation. The successful fcanrfidates 
kely to be in their mid-twenties, and should 
marketing experience with a major finance 
5 or bank. H > 

y by negotiation and usual -bank fringe 
. - benefits wflT appIy- ;. : -' : 

Full details to Box 1403 S, Tie juries. 


ired to handle accounts 'in the electron's and 
inter industries for one: r .of Brit ain’ s leading: 
trial PJL Consudtancies.. 

lean: salary and prospects for the right man Irho 
1 be in his middle 20’s to early 30’s and have at 
5 years experience in these fields. *. t . . . 

negotiable but generous' phis benefits. : . . 
arioo. forms con be obtained from 


&S Emerald Street, London WC1N 3QA 
Telephone 01-405 9U4 

Taylor Woodrow 
Construction Limited 

require a 


in the Company's secretarial department 

The work of the department covets contract law,. 
draughting and negotiations of agreements, patents 
and trademarks, real property, industrial and 
company law and company secretarial duties; 

Thtslnteresting post offers a good salary and 
opportunities for advancement and would suit an 
Associate. Legal Executive or other partly qualified 
person, male or female. 

Please apply giving brief details and telephone 
number tothe Company Secretary,Taylpr Woodrow 
Construction Limited, 345 Ruisltp Road, Southall, 
Middlesex UB12QX. 








The Times can help yon. AH legal vacancies in aqy of 
these fWfly - 

■ The Times are preparing a feature entitled :— 


for- just this purpose. This Special Feature trill appear:— 


One in two people in the legal profession read The 
Times, ranging fr om Judges and Advocates to Barristers, 
Solicitors and Company Secretaries. . 

The regulaz*Law Reports ensure that your profession are 
regular readers of. The Times; so' if you have a legal 
vacancy to fiJT:' 

RING 01-278 9161 




Aar* what yon mdtah 
to work IW Oi 0 charming 
vouna Manaow or the tairnm- 
Sots? dSxTbt a City Mgfthant 
Bank. He sued) a socretare. 
■®n+ with good shorthand/ 
-typiny and knowledge of a 
gmSSean lanouagB. Salary 
ezAaoir. wtth mocoDant irtng* 
For fnrthar derails 
ring Lotasa Cowan: 

499 5732 

31 Bertelay..SLi W.l. 


Great lob for • Secretary 

modem and tbey’re looking for 
someone to Chet cllenra and 

^r^oo 0 ^ thtafla - 


493 3964 

79 New Bond St.. W.l. 


P.A./Secretary >a ProdncOon 
Manager. Good shorthand end 
typing eseendel tar varied, 
tnicrerttag wort. TV tro- 
arantme sales and travel on 


(Architects and Planning 


(with shorthand! 

This appointment carrier the 
responsibility for all aspects of 
administration wtlhtn the prac¬ 
tice : Initiative and the ability 
to delegate and handle people is 

W«M» srrlte or telephone : 

243 w HM^ Rltotl 

Telephone : Radi on 4817 


Pcnonal Secretary car drlvte, 
at least mid-twenties, required 
to am 1 st man involved in top. 
levtH professional and commer¬ 
cial activities. Salary £2.750 

110/111 Strand. W.C.3. 
01-856 6644. 

(Opposite strand Palace Hotel) 
Alio open Saturday mornings. 
10 a^u.-12.50 p.ra. 


required for City Stockbroker. 
Must have aptitude for figures 
and pleasant taiophonb manner. 
Salary around £2.000 phis 
Luncheon Voucher*. 

Please apply tor telephoning 
01-658 9468 
between 9.30-8.30, 


Secretary for KD Advertis¬ 
ing agency Wl. qtroa £2.600, 
Ring Soe. 

01-491 7660 

SECRETARY, £2,400-p1tU. First- 
r |a H sbonhand and typing ossfn- 
dal 110 /60 to work .for 


SBC/PA to Director Involved Ri 
bostnass development. PR is an 
Integral port Of t he du ties. Must 
possess a lively personality. * 
levS English an •sse^S&gop 
plum, plum LVa.—Band. 923 3512. 

AUDIO SEC/PA Jbr M anag er In 
products group- Travel and accom¬ 
modation arrangements. Lola of 
PA work. £2.550 plus 4 vwb 

holidays. phis_eutojdKed 

luncheon-—Rand. 73* 9781. . 

Hal 110/60 w.p.m. to work for 
property manager of the world - * 
largest offtca Maff agency. In ter¬ 
ra ting. varied work for lnielil- 
gsnt. consci on turns girl. For an 
appointment contact Mr Phillips. 
Brook Street Bureau. 01-629 
8866 , 

39th hole after a demanding day 
wllh a top-level Director then 
your excellent sac. nulls and 
business sense vriH earn you a 
very progressive salary. £3,800 
plus.—Rand. 828 696S. 

CREATIVITY is highly satisfying. A 
responsible and senior position as 
Sec/PA to chairman of nim rf 
architects la open to yon. Yon 
will meet many,interesting clients. 
£2^600 plus LVa.—A.1 Staff. 639 

Manchester 061-834 1234. wanted — ptadd temperament. 

aged 30-45. pl n» a good ahart- 
■ hand speed. REWAKD-—U p IQ 



^^L^lwhoue OI¬ 



knowledge In cm- 


Jior w Qui rei your 
wllh employment 

onathan Prichard 
-319 4469 

Professional the*ire eatperlcnc* 
BototbL C an di dat es aged he- 
tween 35 and 36 are" likely to 
be preferred. Salary on the 
scale £3.664 to £4,864. Write, 
giving full details of ago, 
experience, etc., to 

The Establishment. Officer, 
105 Piccadilly. . - 
London W1V QAU, 
tor 22nd November, 1975, 

tsms^sr -1 


TEACHERS wanted 

01-580 0865. 

Queen Mery College 




Application* ore Jr^tte d fcr 
APP — involving duties relai” 

t hv • 

The University of 


lecturer in ORAL 

don't speak. 



ml Festival rtqnlns aa 
QR wtaose duties will 
cd work ImotvH In 
hoi Events and per- 
running of Ihe Festival 
ttaf Box Offiar, saper- 
Ity aad adverUsiBg, and 
the Improvement and 
financial support. The 
■ill be ropresibie to 

It, according to experf- 

atfre aad application 
from the Ftstlnl 
at Office, Royal Batin, 

audio sec for two young sur¬ 
veyor* in Informal W.l omens. 
Good experience and typing 
ipeods: varied position. £3.600i— 
Rond. 733 7635. 

requires PA/Secrptrry vrltli good 
rxperlonce. £2.500.—M. A S. 
Agency. 313 7185. . 

■ON, B.W.3. shorthand) for docioirs general 
ry vrttt good practice. W.14. £40 p.w.— 

*—M. AS. M. ft 8. Agency. 639 3323. 

bus? o umnsuy secretary. 35 + . 
£2iSOO.—-Balgraola Bureau. 584 

quire See. (shorthand) for part¬ 
ner. E.C.2. £2.500 p.S. -405 

0563. Premier Personnel. 




A new appointment to be fiLHed by early 1976 so that 
bolder is operational by September when this Direct 
Grant School starts phased move to independence. 
Location Central Bristol—1200 day boys, of which 200 
in Lower School. Some experience an advantage, but 
common sense and proved abtSity to achieve 
cooperation more important. 

AGE 35-50 

Apply, marked PERSONAL with C.V. and names of two 
possible referees to: 


Bristol Gr ammar School, 

■ Bristol. 


Saint David’s University 
College, Lampeter 


Applications are invited tar 

an in Terra! tn modem linguis¬ 
tics. Some general tutor tug up 
to the loth century also 

Salary at lower end of Lec¬ 
turers' seals- USi. men her* 
ship. Closing dale 24th 
November. Duties Jo commence 
aa soon as-w>sslDla• after let 

de t afla and appli¬ 
cation fuima from ■ Academic 
Registrar. _ Satan _ David's 

Times Newspapers Limited 

Our Education and Training Officer 
is seeking a 


with good educational background. She will 
be a capable typist with common sense and 
will provide - administrative support in the 
organizing and running of staff training and 
development programmes. 

She will have drive, initiative and or ganizing 
ability and be able to get on well with .all 
levels of staff. 

if you are looking for a busy, varied job with 
lots of interest and responsibility, send details 

DESMOND HAYES, Employment Manage-, 
Times Newspapers Limited, PO Box 7, New 
Printing House Square, Gray’s Inn Road, 
London WC1X 8EZ. 




.The rapidly expanding division of an international 
company located in High Wycombe is now seeking to 
recruit an accomplished Secretary/PA with good 
fluency in both written and spoken ’Kngiigh and Arabic. . 

Increasing contact with the Arab-speaking world has 
made it necessary to ensure that a number of managers 
have access to the language. Accordingly the successful 
. candidate muse possess the ability to type in both 
English and Arabic; and a knowledge of English short¬ 
hand would be an-advantage. . 

Ideally with a technical or medical background, the 
right person must be capable of meeting and conversing 
with clients and managers at the highest level 
A first-class salary wiU be negotiable and there is a 
range of additional large company benefits. 

R e p lies , quoting reference number D6427 should in¬ 
clude derails of career and experience to dace and 
should be sent in the first instance to: 


2 Albert Gate, London SW1X 7JTJ- 


r un, ora a new Moa in tfa* NHS—allowing the public a say in 
the kind ot health service they get. We need a 

Secretary/Administrative Assistant 

with tact, patience aad s sense of humour. We need someone to 
run ihe office, to lerrn how to edvtoe ihe public, to service working 
parties, to visit hospitals, to talk to paUcnia. to Bit, to build up 
aa Information sendee snd a million other things. Good shorthand 
■ anil' typing essential. Plenty of scope tar someone with initiative.- 
8 mall office, flexible hours, occasional evenings. Sometimes routine, 
eften exasperating but never du'i. Salary on scale £2.181-£2.691 
plus £312 London welghUn* pluu proficiency payments tar certain 

If sou are Interested In the health service for Just a sew venture!, 
if you are interested In Em- London, contact us tar further 
Information and application forma: TeL 739 6508 City and 
Hackney rw < rt > " Tllt y Health Council. 230 Ktngsland Road. London 
E2 BEB. 




nigh duality of baste short- 

Handfyptae 9 kills essential but S-_ 
ln addition must have JntcUi- S: 
gent, mature enttonfc. proffer. 
oUy expertoucud tn similar .d 
prrv’Ions post. . . I* 

Young boas and tivaly L 
agency. Therefore someone with ft 
a lively outlook and bright per- --- 
scrutiny would mix well. c a- 

Please unite with brief dr- r> 
tails of career and salary ,1 

sought 10 : _ __ ■- 



• ‘ T Tenterden Street _ V. * 

Hanover So.. Loudon. W.l — 


for the post of 

Secretary to the Deputy 

of the British Sugar Bureau. 
Good shorthand/ typing essen¬ 
tial plus the 9 »uits 10 wort on 
own initiative. Small and 
friendly orttco In Park Lane. 
Salary ££.30O-£2.?00. depend¬ 
ing on ago. education and expe¬ 
rience. Tel. Mrs. Hood on Ol- 
493 4646 tar an appointment. 


wllh secretariat college expert, 
mice required for friendly 
Solid tors in Baker Street. 
£1.800 negotiable. 

Ring 01-935 2882 


PUBLISH INS Assistant In busy, 
rrtendly publicity department. Ini¬ 
tiative, much typing and 
numerous. other duties. Near 
Farrtngdnn Station. £1.750. 
Write: John M, Glttans. Robert 
Hals & Co., Cleraenweu House. 
CiericanwBii Green. 1.0.1. 



literary Agency dealing In 
fnm/TV/Tboatre requires top 
aocretary. Salary according to 

Call Mrs. Casarotto 
on 836 7400 ' 


Responsible person saught 
tar intereiaag Sob Involving 
shorthand and typing, book¬ 
keeping. driving and general 
duties. First class surroundings 
and appropriate remuneration. 

Phone: 01-403 8031. 

THIS JOB involves every aspect of 
personnel, from recreltmmt to 
rndoarrui roiat ons. within a large 
company. Relevant expert anco 
would be he.pful: initiative, en¬ 
thusiasm. and goad speeds ore 
mare lmoprtanr. Salary c £2.800 
plus good benefits. TeL Fiona 
6B4 4223 N.K. 

AUDIO TYPIST tar prestige W.l. oil 
company, experienced ” O level 
nbl to wort wlihm personnel. 
“5 s 5 r . lrl iSR r,,,ne . tvorti. records, 
eta. SuU 2o^yr-old with 3 »»■ 
commercial experience. £2.300. 
Moitica Grove A Assoc.. 583 

Sussex Place. Regents PSrtL. 



• A wonderful opportunity 
au-alts a Secretary seeking sn 
“In 10 " penonnaL Am PA. 
10 the P erson n el Director you 
will gradually become involved 
in all personnel activities, inter¬ 
viewing prospective candidates, 
ete. This worldwide Marketing 
Leader offers great parts and 
BjxeUml working eondltiona. 
Age 19-nlus. Please con Chris 

01-637 3787 



k takes quite a girl to cope 
with this dynamic. young 
director—he tesi-drtves cars In 
his spare time ! So yea'll need 
plenty of skill and style to 
stay one lump ahead Id keep 
hie pruwty and film Interest* 
In runBina order. The 30 a-m. 
start Is a help. tco. Salary 

If you're a pood bemiary. 
add spice to Ufc. .ting uaU 

331 6040. 




Must have shorthand; highest 
pay Co personable, attractive 
girl who wants the position 
that Is more than Just a lob 
With a dynamic new Canadian 
firm expanding to U.K. Lan¬ 
guages preferred (but not a 


235 2868/7. 
a.m.-S p.m. 

Mr Bailey. 9 

£2,600 + L.V.S r - 

To wort tar FtitMPid'nit* 
Deny and commercial fields*-^ 
9745-6.46. Very smart, frteiuliy J 
ofBco. Clue Hoi born Viaduct,-^* 

385 9585 . . >» 


51/33 Hlgb Holbom. w aL- ■“ 

ing Director of International 
btti (ding/interior decorating com¬ 
pany seeks totally bl-lingual 
Secretary with shorthand typing 
In French and English. The 
work is never dull and will 
greatly tax your Initiative and 
Ingenuity. Extensive telephone 
work a dm frustration and pep* 
sound superstalon. Car driver, 
age 24 + C2.500-E3.000. Phono 
Jenny Darby 01-741 0466. 


SECRETARY. 25 + required for 
Partner of Professional firm of 
Consulting Engineers. Pleasant 
Holbom office. Salary £3.500 
plus for reliable, conscientious 
parson. TeL: 242 8711. 

young Sec. able to 
fart Nice job with 
scope. £2.4DO-lah. 
Careen. 730.5148/9. 

M.D. needs 
* 1 hold the 
variety and 
— Jaygar 


SBB£ e &JSgflLngs® ^e^ i ^ s ra th + m, S? t, " + 0 s: 

4^ weS' hoUdare^-SS'dSfST 5Sf- 

13/14. New Bond St.. W.l. — 


Slrl to wot* as. PA/SEC In Par- 
sonnal Department. Musi have 
previous experience at Director 
level phm excellent all round 
secretarial skills. 4 weeks 
holiday, own office. Salary up to 

Phone Jinny Monasterio 




Buying Directors of Cedi Gee 
International Menswear group, 
require a Personal Assistant 
10 work In tholr air-condi¬ 
tioned head office In Shaftes¬ 
bury Avenue, W.l. 

01-734 8651 




We require young secretaries with previous office experi¬ 
ence to work in various departments of Times Newspapers 

If yon are In your early twenties, have good shorthand and 
typing and an assured telephone manner, why not ring os 
Oh 01-837 1234, extension 6181. 

We can offer interest and variety and a good starting 
salary, 5 week’s holiday after 1 year’s service and a number 
oE fringe benefits. 

Times Newspapers Limited, 

New Printing House Square, 

Gray’s Inn Road, London WC1X 8EZ. 

Tempting Times 


Hare you aotld office ex- - 
pertonre In any field 7 S«vo- 
larlal. tMOkLooplng. research 
or admin. 

It so. come In and we will 
try and find yon wort. 

Ring Joy or Rulh at Gradu¬ 
ate Girls on 01-584 3615. 

bralns as well as your aki-is:. 
wo after gauil rales for director-, 
level alignments. — Contact 
Laroiyn Hoy land. 495 8 *-e 2 . - 
ijarow Girl. 13'14 New Bond- 

AUTHOR REQUIRES Secretary to. 
comiupte nuntbfrip! of ulay. 
working from charming mews'- 
ilat. Immeduic boobing,—Bond' 
hi. Bureau, wi 1558 . , 

on non- 


Records Services 


A leading merchant bank with pleasant offices In the City of London, has an interesting 
and well paid opening In its Records Services Section. 

Deputising for the Head of Section, the successful candidate will have had previous 
experience in the compilation and retrieval of records, such as library or market 
research work and the supervision of staff in a similar area. 

Developing new systems, the requirement is for commitment and a willingness to 
assume responsibility. Common sense, intelligence and a sense of humour are also 
essential. Preferably in their 20's/30's candidates should have ’A' levels or good "O' 
levels. Excellent sal ary and benefits are offered. 


Please write giving brief details to David Macmillan, Personnel 
Advertising Limited, 22 Red Uon Street, London WCt R 4PX. Please 
specify any companies to which letters should not be forwarded. All other 
letters will be sent to our client Please quote ref GRS 368. 


£3,895-£5,322 plus company car 


Commercial Assistant 
Information Officer 

■required for active company of International Soles 
■Engineers. Must be University Graduate with at least 
,2nd class honours degree in Italian, preferably also 
with French. 

Duties on include translations and correlation of all 
information, a certain amount of public relations work 
and other interesting activities. The ability to type is 

Preferred age 22-28. Good starting salary, annual 
bonus, L.Vs, 3 weeks holiday. 

Apply in writing to : 

Managing Director 
P. M. Davison (Group Services) LtdL, 

Walkden House, 

Melton Street, 

London, N.W.L 


We are the U.K. -based Merchant Banking Sub¬ 
sidiary of a large International American Bank. Our 
Finance and Loan Syndication departments are 
looking for a Female Assistant 

Her principal tasks will be as follows: 

1. To keep herself informed of the day-today 
developments in the Euro-Bond and International 
Loan Syndication markets. 

2. To create an information Centre which will be 
principally concerned with details of current and 
historic issues, and loans in the International 

The successful candidate will be creating a new 
function within the departments and her perform¬ 
ance will be dependent upon her degree of self- 
motivation. ft is likely therefore that she will 
possess a good academic record and be in her 
early 20s. A knowledge of these markets is desir¬ 
able but not essential. 

The salary for this position will be circa £3.400 
and the full range of fringe benefits normally asso¬ 
ciated with banking will, of course, apply. 

Please apply to Mr J. P. Dunford, 01-588 7131. 


56/60 NEW BROAD ST, E.C.2 



Experienced Analyst for Pension Scheme appraisal, monllorlno of 
■ invcsuneni funds and compiling statistical data. Abo 27-36. Salary 
nog. from £3.200. 


Private client Assistants, U«3 years’ experience In Broiler’s general 
office essential. Good telephono manner and writing ability. Age 20- 
25: salary c. 22.750. 


Accounts Assistant for Shipping department to monitor clients* 
accounts and liaise with foreign exchange department- Appropriate 
.hanking experience essential, Age 18-20. Salary c. £2.aOCi. 


An experienced pin with fluent German amt preferably other 
languages. Salary £5.500. 


Near Souihampion. tor Research Into European .export markets. 
At least 2 years' experience and □ European language. Salary 
-C5.000-M.2SU nog. 


12S-X-IO Blshopsqato. EC2 
01-2JT li«a 


17 Stratton Street. Green Par* 

01-JV3 8824 



(SRN an advantage) 

for Nursing Service section of established business 
group. Pleasant W.l location. Free Life Assurance. 
Group pension. 

218 Upper Street, London N1 1RP 
or telephone 226 0261. on Friday, 31st October. 


With knowledge or Accounts 

The ability lo liaise .with 
customers la essential. 

Salary conuncnsuraic with 
cx penance. 

Ftce-djy- tvwfc . T -E-hiior 
week. Three vm-la* holiday. 

Usual big company iringo 

Please conUcl : 

Angus L. w. Brown. 
to The I We. Acton. U'.i 
Tel : 01-745 5511 


Exceptionally uni bilious female 
i23-*S> required for national 
investment uroki-ra to market 
a variety or invesinieni puny. 
OW 4 existing female consul¬ 
tants possess IA<? rfel ermi na¬ 
tion io succeed and all earn In 
excess of £5.000 per annum. 
Full training is given, nui pre¬ 
vious sales experience is an 
advantage. If vou feel vou 
should he more successful ihan 
vou are. ring Mr. U infants. 


£3,200 + 

Degree or HND in MaNfcUno- 
Business Studies, with mini¬ 
mum 12 matt fits' working ex¬ 

01-730 2212 


required by London branch or 
Internal Iona 1 rlrtn of Manage, 
men consultants In S.u.l. 
Previous administrative and 
accounting experience essential. 

Excellent salary incgoil. 
able >. Bonus Schwnn. 

B C.P.A., LV». Prelerrcd ogo 
25-35 years. 


Gai] Beecroft on 
01-930 9311 


Eselling opponunlles with 
Juliana's Disco Cheques. Wn 
peed attractive, responsible, 
well educated qiri*. ;igcd be¬ 
tween 2 U- 2 b, to play music in 
our discotheques In London. 
Europe for girls who ,p<vj k 
French and or German. North 
America. South America, for 
girts who >p«afc Spanish and. or 
Purluguesc and oh board ships. 

Please ting Sarah Harding. 
01 -VjT 1535. office hours, 


Right now wc'd UKo to hear 
from women <25-351 wlih good 
tract records In direct Selling- 

Assignments Uiciuda consumer 
dura Wes, services. industrial 
products, confecdonety. Loca- 
jjons — London ana Homo 

Mobility. arivT smbldon. eniha- 
siasm and experience merit high 
ivunnls. Company car In mom 
SSSTmImIW or E2.500-E3.000 
+ commission and expenses. 

Another carrot. How confident 
aro you of your ability to brook 
new around and take op a nan s 
fob 7 

lt*» op to you. 
to Provo your¬ 
self. Telephone 
01-483 2155/ 


Mary Overton 
Female Executives 

29 Now Bond Street. 
London W1Y 9HO 


Up-market West End Travel 
Agency, specialising in exotic 
holidays. seeks experienced 
Travel Consultant. The success¬ 
ful candid ala—either male or 
female—must be fully conver¬ 
sant with ticketing and ABC, and 
the salary Is entirely negotiable. 
If this exciting post appeals to 
you. why don't you. 

on 01-584 6514 



Piccadilly Circus, W.l 


from now. until Christmas 
Apply Personnel 
Department, 4th floor: 
or telephone 01-734 1616 
ext. 207 


for American law office in W.l. 
BooUkoopmg cximimcii io 'i nai 
Balance accessary- together 
with ability to supervise and 
coordinate secretarial staff. 
Salary above £3.000. Age 28- 

Telephone: 491 7236. ext. 29 

T&ree women were among tie sax top earners in oik- sales force last year, 
earning between £3*895 and £5322- 

Most were newcomers to selling when they joined us. 

We pay a substantial basic salary, even during the sales and product training 
period, provide a car and refund expenses. We give our people every support 
inclu ding top class Held management, a telephone order desk and an excellent 
delivery service. 

Our expansion is based on success achieved with our range of stationery 
products and some weR established territories are available in GREATER 

So, ■with or wkluNtf sales experience—if you have drive and ambition—please 
write or telephone for an Interview. 


Coleridge House, Fairhazel Gardens, London NW6 3QH 
TeL: 01-328 2121 



for Pit Company in Wl 

35-45 preferred. Able to 

• type end prepare client 
S invoices. Good salary 

• (around £2,500) and 
» conditions. 

j Phono 486 1266 

• Extension 21 


required lor Kayfalr SoHcfton 
wredaliafag In Altos and 

Young lady with good exparienca 
on this machine and who hoe 
a pleasant cheerful personality. 

Hours 10 till 8. 3/4 weeks' 

Salary up to £2,700 + 
25p LVs 

Telephone Carol Hugh 
01-629 3670 


Wages clerk, aged 25 phM. 
with at least 5 years'experi¬ 
ence. Close Victoria Station. 
£ 2 .-tg£, 3 weeks' hols., sub¬ 
sidised restaurant. 

Ring Chris Foy. 834 9591, 
Alfred Marks Bureau. 205 
Victoria Street, S.W.l. 



594 4343 

Top class 
fobs (or 

Nannies and Cooks 



PR Company W.l. Prestige 
Job for mature, wall groomed 
girl. Experience essential. 
£2.200 + £3 L.V.S. 

Kensington 937 6525 
Strand 836 2875 


For small, well established 
tn ici-national consulting firm 
spccUHalng In business plan¬ 
ning. mergers and acquisitions, 
and marketing arrangements for 
the publishing Industry. Firm 
is headquartered In New York 
bat has substantial clients In 
the U.K. 

Duties uni include assisting 
firm's ni-esiocn? during his 
trim to London: and otherwise 
acting Hide? a cent I;-' to main¬ 
tain contact with U.K. clients, 
to perform Information gather¬ 
ing activities, and io assist tn 
arranging distribution and mar¬ 
keting agreements 

All applications wul be held 
in complete confidence and 
London tntrrviews will be 
arranged. Please write directly 
lo Pn-fdderu. 



205 East 42 Street. 

New York. New York 1001.7. 



Without Shorthand-Typing 
You will Term par; of a special¬ 
ist secretarial wiiliiti w.l oil 
company providing back-up ser¬ 
vices such as travel & conrei- 
ence arranging, message taking, 
etc. Mid-twenties, wiih aaod 
spelling 4 geographical know- 

£2.600 -I- OOp LVs per day. 

fie ASSOC.. 

03-589 6601. 








required hy firm ol importers 
and reporters, adl.rceni Green 
Park Sutton. Good salary and 
conditions lor consclrnllnus 
l^piicjnf. able ro ijttc. Hours 
by negotiation. Picasc loir, 
phono lor appointment J'« 
1206. ext. 14. 

Polaroid (U.K.) Limited, manufacturers Of the 
maid fomntt? Polaroid Sunglasses and instant 
picture cameras have a rare career opportunity 
for two 


to become a parr of onr consumer photographic 


The job entails promoting our prestige range 
o t pho to graphic products through photographic 
dealers, chemists, departmental stores and cash 
and carry outlets. Initially yon will be support¬ 
ing an eatebfesfced area representative bat If you 
are the light person your career prospects wifl 
be exceSenL 

Ideally, you will be between the ages of 23 
and 30, educated tn at least ‘O’ level standard 
and have experience in a merchandising or sales 
orientated environment. 

You should be living in the London area but 
complete mobility is a must as you are likely 
to be called upon to work for long periods In 
other areea of the U.K. 

We wffl pay you a base salary in excess of 
£2,000, together with an annual bonus and rea¬ 
listic expenses. A 1600XL Cortina car win be 
suppfied with no restriction on private usage. 

If you would like to be a member of a suc¬ 
cessful team, working for a vigorous and excit¬ 
ing company where initiative and ability are 
recognised and rewarded, write or telephone for 
an application form to: 

Timothy St. Ather, Personnel Manager 
Ashley Road, St- Albans, Herts 
Tel.: SL Albans 59191 

* Polaroid ’ it the registered rrade-mrk of Polaroid 
Corporation. Cambridge. Mast.. I'.S.A- 


Exoellanl growth opportunity with a worldwide leader. We are a 
rapidly growing international company specialising In industrial loss 
prevention, engineering and Induairlal Insurance. Our home office Is 
in London and we have branch offices In Paris. Frankfurt and 
Melbourne. An International personnel and training service is provided 
by a small team, of specialists. 

Aa Recruitment Officer, you would be part of lhal team and handle 
the recruitment and selection process. Including the related 
secretarial and administrative tasks. Knowledge of French or German 
a dlsUncf advantage. 

You should have a minimum of 2 years Interviewing experience and 
be able to type. 

Salary is in the 23,000 p.a. region. We operate an exoellent employee 
benefit programme. 

Please telephone or write to Peggy Edwards 01-82* 77*5, 


Klngegste House, 

88/7* Victoria Street, London SW1E BSD. 

Albrizzi Ltd. 


10 work in Furniture showroom 
ji 1 SJoanr Square. Salary 
negotiable. 4 wcebi holiday. 
730 6U9 


Book-keeper — PAYE + Man- 
anrnicnt ability, busy City 
Cii rice. £5.000. 

Be vour okn hots in W.l. 
Hoicl N.C.H. balance own 
ledgers IV + C2.-500 minimum. 
Hai-c husband Can cook ? 
Own rial. Central London, lop 
negotiated uiarv. Appointments 
now. 0i-23fi 6=35. 





36 Walpole Street. London 

Well educated girls and women 
or persona illy with a sense oi 
responsibility wanted for well 
paid administrative posU>. 

An pair gJrli and mothers’ 
helos. nannies. housekeepers, 
rook hoiciekeenera and other 
domestic helps, resident and 
n on. maiden 1 . 

For Interesting jobs and com¬ 
petent employees call, write 
or phone 

01-730 9834 


Untied Slates In formation Ser¬ 
vice invites immediate applica¬ 
tion for the post or Assistant 
Reference Librarian; profes¬ 
sional library qualifications 
required: American experience, 
whether acquired through study 
or library service, desirable, 
but not essential. 

Applications In writing lo 
Personnel Of nee. 

London Wl A 1AE. 


Young Turkish 
l«jmils- set* esc* uUonil nanny 
of highest inlco-ity and hack- 
around, preferable around " ■ 
iyr their 4-ii-ai-Dld daun.i.,a. 
IJ»e family hate homes in 
France and England as well as 
Turkey and travel rsleiuivci* 
during the year, me nanny 
w ouid Ifve as one or me t.unllv 
and share iho family; normal 
activities. Applicants enould In 
elude j brief piisiijui resume, 
references and two mvni to Sarptr. rial 
15. tf- Sloan- 51 . 5.W.l. 


The largfsl Employment 
Bureau in Luro&e require ilrsi 
ctiisa remain staff fnr perm- 
onqnt positions in Personnel 
Accounis and Sales. Ton 
salaries pa>d to our kind of 

3=3 4751 

B.I.5. SEftnCtS LTD. 


Are you good with {|gure>> 
do you enloy organizing ? The 
nciv London end of a large «*t* 
ponding Insurance Brokers are 
looking for an Intelligent girl 
who can help manage lh<-tr 
tmoka, Italsq with thetr over¬ 
seas o(Tices and farm oul work 
lo their Underwriters, know¬ 
ledge of the Insurance world 
would be useful and typing. 
Age -- ■35. Salary to 
£2.600. King Sally a nn phlllins. 
Special Appalntninnts □ I vision 
of AD venture 63 m 5747. 



Ai Assistant to Stock & Purchasing Manager for a 
Distribution Company in toe automotive industry. 

Based near Bedford wito lots of travelling throughout toe 
United Kingdom. 

Aptitude for figures an d able to express oneself essential. 
Good career prospects. 

Please ring or wriTe to : 


Cape House, Drove Road, Biggleswade. Bedford 
Tel: 0767 312943 


I i M i ; i ; IT! i |i 

On behalf o» our client a multi-national Chemical Company wo 
are seoking a 


Hie successful candidate will have had some personnel/ 
accountancy experience and bo acquainted with salary 
administrallon. health Insurance and lax. The ability to work 
under pressure and to use Own initiative is essential. Typing an 
advantage. Age 24 plus. 

For lurlher details contact. 



Mande(Stamffer5onnel Services Limited 

Gmston or Sardena HooM.&‘JI Srotxmor Carden. 

louden, SW1W CBS Td: CI.J304ZH W37. 

I 1 M I I ; I I I i I MM ) ij£j (IT ri rT r i H 


txcclicni salary, cammksum 
anil e.\eaptlQn:il nromullnnal 
prmpvcts for sonironc mkcLiI 
fa work in our prestige afflca. 
She will fiaro authorin', drive, 
ambition and vinio commercial 
experience. Ring Janet Cobum 
J87 £,845. Alfred Marks 

Bureau, 3 <j Duke Street, w.l. 


Due io further expansion a 
number of tmclliscnl glris are 
required to ueii eh uu to over* 
seas tiisitora tn thnlr Rcgeni 91. 
and Piccadilly shops- Salary 
acri , rrf ,n, i to jyn ami expcrlr-hcr 
«a • minimum > tdus oenrrtjus 
commission and CY.s. 

Plcasr ring Mias Trialram. 
7*4 H82B. 



Preferably vrlij, experienco. 
ahhcuQh training will be given. 
Free hairdromdng. 

For more details and Inune- 
dlaio interview, ring 493 9553, 


two capable Females, mtd-50‘s. 
available immediately For onter- 
nrisir.g bus in cos orgcnlaalieiu. 
Esperlenceit In running own 
baslnoss: 5 languages: driving-, 
professional cooks. Knowledge 
In Tashton and decorative 
trades. Would oc Interested In 
Foreign projects. 

Phone lit -730 2230 10 

a-m.-nogn or write lo Ja. 
Cornwall (WdW» South. London. 


A division ofAlaMderstaxaPersaimd Services Ltd 

“EXECUTIVE WOMAN” is a reoratmear ixmdtancf service specifi¬ 
cally designed &r women executives in mana gement to ensure that both 
and candidates can successfully fulfill thetr objectives. Our 
icsponfflbfliry is equally divided between them and it is therefore essential 
for us ro be as fcfly informed as possible concerning the needs of our 
clients’ and rfy* candidates’ ability to meet them. 

On? nf mrrrpT\t asfngmytmtii aScxs 2 significant career opportunity as 


The successful applicant will be a graduate, with minimum 5 years 
experience in iuHiiBiTia) planning and. development on a national and 
sectoral basis. Highly desirable, if experience includes developing 
countries, e.g, Africa or Asia. Must be capable of analysing and inter¬ 
preting nation 3 ! economic data, identifying potential areas of growth, 
precasting market demand, and be conversant ^with principle econometric 

Thi« app ofatm e a tfe'LONTiON framed witii occasional overseas tcavcL 
Salary commensurate with experience and qualification. Applications are 
this appoimiixanSum suitably qualified caiididaes. 

We are also interested to heap from Ixi^ily qualified women execstives 
for top level appointments in industry and commerce* 


Manderstam Personnel Services limited 

Groavenor Gardens House, 35/37 Grosvenor Gardens, 

London, SW1W0BS. Tel: 01-7309ZM ext 37. 


I need a dMcrful and san- 
Sf&le person to help orgjnlre 
iht& publisher’s busy Personnel 

initially- the Job wfU involve 
assisting wtth recrolnneol. In¬ 
terviewing. administiHdon of 
training, personnel records. 
staff welfare, and s payroll: 
and there is scope lor dove top- 
men r. 

Ideally yno vrfU be sued J.9- 
25. mrihadtcai and adaptable, 
wtth good general education 
and pvevioas personnel experi¬ 
ence • though this Is not essen¬ 
tial) end aU« to type. 

Starting salary from £2,470 


4 weeks' holiday. 

Please apply, with details of 
age. qua ixflca dons and experi¬ 
ence to: 

Personnel Manager, 
Cambridge University Press, 

300 Euslou Rd.. London. 

N W X 

Tei. 01-587 *5030. ext. 105. 


Interested tn tbo human condi¬ 
tion 7 Resource Centre of 
national organization concerned 
with birth control, so c educa¬ 
tion and population issues re¬ 
quire graduate with methodical 
approach and aptitude far pro- 
sen Una statistical and other In¬ 
formation clearly and oon- 
ctaoty. Starting ealagy around 
£2.290 p.a. Apply to Personnel 
Officer. Family Planning Asso¬ 
ciation. 27/35 Mortimer Street. 
London W1K 4QW. 

TEL. 01*636 7866 

Royal Postgraduate 
Medical School 


vacancy In the Photography 
Department of this busy Post¬ 
graduate Touching School. 
Duties Include prolhrtlcn Of 
slides and films in the Lecture 
Theatres and also Involves re¬ 
cording TV programmes. Pre¬ 
vious experience not essential 
as training will be given but a 
nursing background would b*» 
UMCfui. Hoars 9.00 a.m. -5.00 
p.m. Monday lo FYtdjyf. 4 
weeks* holiday per year, saury 
on scale £2.C65 -jS£. 790 p or 
annum tin elusive of London 

Applications ro the Personnel 


31/53. High Holborn. W.C.l. 

£2300-£3, 000 + 

We have many positions readily 
available throughout London 
offering permanent and reward¬ 
ing posts wonting for solici¬ 
tor*. chartered accountants and 
general commercial companies. 
Pleoso phone 405 1068 lor 
immediate interviews. 


Small spocialtzed Entre¬ 
preneurial Marteuna Team 
-warning home and export tn 
construction markets need a 
m.injgina mind, who is at least 
26 years of age. and can com¬ 
mand a minimum of £5.300 

Write, please, with brief 
details, for lull lob specifica¬ 
tion to: Cordon Carter Asso- 
ctala*. 40 Buckingham cats, 
•arndon. SWIE 6BS. 


Large, renowred H’esi Fnd 
notel ri>quln-s a. second in 
command for their small 
wanes department. orcfcrabLv 
with oTpert'/nco In computer- 
Is^d sj-items and week It : 
monthly wane accounts. Ex- 
ircvnely goad caniUtlans In¬ 
cluding free meals, aood holi¬ 
days etc.. and friendly 
.-itnospltero. Very good suiting 

Miss Graham. CHALLONGRS 
14S Oxford Si.. W.l. 

437 50S3 



especially ICU ana Ihcauv. Hay 
and night, long term hookings. 
P|va»o phone Mayfair Nursing 
Service 4 V.f 5805 NOW. 

1 24 hour service) 



Very attractive capable girl 
with mtperinnee In HalrdroMhig 
Reception required lor Motion 
Brawn. Salary £45 nog. Phone 
Stephanie ChurehUi 499 IWJb. 




Telephone 01-637 3241 


Pcciwlres young parson with 
enthusiasm and stamina as 
Assistant Cook. Exponents ital 
osarnllal. Flvo-day weak. Good 
wlan plus excellent tkccomino- 
OlllUIL . i 

Ring Charibury 278 



London S.W.l 

We finance bousing associations which are providing 
homes for Chose most in need. We are a young 
organisation, have grown rapidly and now employ 300 
staff aa 14 offices throughout Great Britain. 

Tbe successful) candidate will join a small team and 
have specific responsibilities for tbe recruitment of 
secretarial and clerical staff in London, staff welfare 
and salary administration. 

Essentially we are looking for someone in their mfd 
20’s with a flexible, sensitive, approach and sound- 
experience in the personnel field. 

There are no forms. Write with full details of 
yourself and why you are applying to Graham Howard, 
The Housing Corporation, Sloane Square House, 
London SW1W SNT. 



Management Consultants. (EC4), often hectic with tigltt 
deadlines to meet, need a Supervisor to take full responsi¬ 
bility for. all aspects of typing and printing their client 
reports. Tbe successful, candidate wHI probably be 30+, 
have good supervisory experience, an excellent knowledge 
of typing and first-class English. She will have a friendly 

have good supervisory experience, an excellent knowledge 
of typing and first-class English. She mil have a friendly 
but firm .personality. Salary -£3,<XK)-£4»fl0O negonaoift 

Research Executive far international company marketing 
collectors Medallions and other pieces. The right girl will 
be a graduate in either Hisory of Pine Arts with a back¬ 
ground in picture research or other relevant experience- 
European languages highly desirable as some travel b 
involved. Salary £3,000. . 

Administrative Assistant for the purchasing departmart • 

of this international computer company- She will be respon- r, v . 
sible for the order processing of all internal requisition -j.- 
She should be able to type for her own use. Preferred age ? i'SSC" 
2S+ with administrative experience. Salary £2,500 nego- , 

• aii-- - 


24 Beauchamp Place. S.W-3. 

Telephone: 581 2977 - 


We are a Manaaemeot Service Company and offer a real 
opportunity in Business Management. We requiretwe- 
additional supervisors for locations in West and Sow* 
London. The Supervisor would have a small team am 
responsibility for organising the service activities of 
office. Suitable applicants may have a background io super¬ 
vision or sales, but must have drive, a sensitivity towann 
people and the ability to organise, take decisions and see a 
job through. 

£2,750 r 

Plus bonus (up to 25^) 

In tbe first instance telephone NJGEL DAV75 (our South 
London Executive) on 01-686 4231. 

needs an experienced cost-conscious lady (possibly **, 
graduate) to look after the costing and pricing of J 

finished garments and to monitor their progress through u* . 

work rooms. .''v'm 

This is a responsible position and the ability to ^ 
under pressure is of great importance. A salary >n ^ v 1 ! v 

of £2,500 p.a. is envisaged. For demils ring the Lu*P:■ N'J^ 
Accountant on 387 0999. ' i- '.‘in 

Accountant on 387 0999. 



CITY. E.C.3 

_ Wry vxpvrUsnc.-l. smart 
Sltyi-r firmer tvaliress ro- 
qUIrml for lop City DireclurV 
pt.nnq U<mni from niM-Nw-m- 
brr. Ii b CAS<-nlJaJ Dial s1m- is 
current^ or tios rcconiiy Iwd 
(UcNiikc nf nimiLir pom. 
H Ighrst rclerrnrps will hr 

rlouts '1.30-4 p.m. Mon.- 


Please apply to ; 

on 01*fi'C4 -LTiQi 



intelligent, lively unfa wim 
sense ol humour, wantnl now 
la help run uhu-iunl enuntry 
hoiPl : llvn m. all round, lanus- 
Uc pay and great social Hie 

1EL.J MH WKlCHT •• - 
MILDENHAU. 10638 i 713047 ' 

BE A SEC ... 

lo haw 0 good w*> •***'. 
uood salarv. Wo <.tn •■oil’ 
a nost o» fllffcrrwi 
Tclqphcntt-U. and n^irtUXid* 5 
arr our soocmH*! -- " '' 
AdnilnlsirMiioo oAd " oN-kC*^' 
loba 4ld0 .runic our way-* 

Hire us a uianco u* 
jourwlf the clvive: an* 

Uir rjglil ioh lor VOC— fL 
Blnn 7.YJ 1 till T O P- ’ 




,► ue for money 

'‘lyear when car manufacturers, 
^hiriy British ones, must often 
N t as if they were trying .to sell 
Hors to Eskimos, it has been 
ve to follow the strategies and 
!>:;■ of Ford, generally regarded as 
;^Jie shrewdest operators in the 
■ ; -'<.'ield- 

- <j"iuary, with a new Escort on the 
%rd boldly announced that It 
e going for a 26 per cent share 
. tarket this year, compared with 
vN. cent in 1974. That took into 
(t, the likelihood, of a slow start 
Escort.was phased out, a 
■-^jn that proved correct when, 

‘ ^s-iary, die market shaife dropped 
■i 16 per cent. _ - 

Escort arrived in March 
favourably received, though 
-?t that the prices were too high, 
'^ed upon this criticism imme- 
_ nd quickly produced a cheaper. 
A'^of the car, the Popular, which 
iTcCted a saving of £141. It proved 
brilliant stroke, the Popular 
for half of all Escort 

mm i 

Black window frames and a black grille ettstinguish the hew basic Ford 
Cortina, which now has cloth seats, carpet and heated reajr.wiodow as standard 



shaped and give good support, I found 
them rather-, firm on the back. Con¬ 
sidering the size' of the car and the 
automatic transmission, a fuel con¬ 
sumption of 17 to 22 tnpg is not 
unreasonable; nor, when one looks at 
the opposition, is the price of £3,935. 

_ The new basic Cortina may have lost 
its chrome round the windows but 
otherwise the changes are all additions, 
notably hazard warning lights, servo 
disc brakes, heated rear window, cloth 
seats,, carpet and what manufacturers 
still quaintly call a cigar lighter. All 
of which demonstrates how well 
equipped the bread-and-butter car bag 
become; even if we have to thank the 
Japanese for bringing it about. 

The Cortina .has been (he best-selling 
car in Britain for four years -and its 

r.i.,.r_Tii*.-,w .r.inrr 

The other main advantage - is--that 
the machine 1 will fold into such a 
small and'manageable package. It-will 
go into the boot of a Mini and under 
the. bonnet of .a Beede, and while every 
other-- bicycle must pay half-fare on 
the railway, the Bickerton can travel 
for nothing on the luggage rack. ‘ 

A newcomer to the Bjckerton- will 
probably be struck by the springiness 
of frame and may wonder how 
strong and safe the 'machine is. Ms 
Bickerton. who is an engineer, retorts 
that most bicycles are six times as 
strong as 1 they need - he; he reckons 
chat his is “jus* strong enough” ana 
says that the 250 already on me roan 
have, thrown up very few defects. .. 

The one big drawback ax the.moment 
is“the- price. Mr. Bickertoh tu rns -out 

fern the idea with its Viva E. *• an ideal family or fleet car, with shop with a full-time staff of one. 

,ea the success of the Popular plenty of room inside, and an excellent Producing on dus 'tiny _scaJ«. he esa - 

I Granada sale: were all well oasic mngg well and the uncompLi- is snort oi customers: oroera X' 
n 1974 and, by the end of cated design can be anadvanrage when nwg. well ahead of output and the 
Sr.with the year three-quarters rt . co “^ to servicing and repmoL The P«a*»t waiting hx is four "to sne 

ord was still —ting only 20.4 splendid gearbox is well known, but I w ^ ta! -., l ., . > > • - c ‘j 

■ of the market was impressed by how quiet the car But -if production could be increased 

initiative was dearly needed now is “d bow effective its ventilation say, 3,000 > machines a y«uv be 

^“atthe^Sog Qfthta system, which has been a point of ^ 

r "while the Escort Popular had crincism in the past. On the two-door about p0 and be is hoping oefwe 1°*® 
exercise in once-cutting, the version I have been driving Pord has *® hceace to someone pre- 

adopted f»r P £he other ^bree cho^htfully provided very wide doors P« ed “ menufiacture on such a scale. 

'"""'SSS, S “ddSr» Si £ % rnt ^uSnd- Petrol srteffigence. 

*ord argued that the success of lI JS performer and. because of the since the Government abolished 
'Af'orters, who had been taking a P ow er/weight balance, may be less ^ mrun patrol prices towards the 
■''diird of new car sales. lay pnn- economical than the L6 htre. But.well ^ rf j^^ar d, e motorist has been 


LONDON *621 
To!.:. 01-693 0209 


1974 450 SUL. air condltion- 
teg. leather upholstery. Unlod 
glau. ndlo/time, 1 owner. 

1974. SCO SE. White, electric 
son root. Hated glass. radio f 
stereo. a owner. 16.000 
recorded miles only. £7.600. 

1975 REGISTERED 200. 3.8 
■uto.. p.a.s.. tinted gloss. 
1 .OOO recorded mites only. 


■ -COBHAM (3661 7141 




-. IS ERrr:elC^St_Lcs-,Oon.WT 
Ot-62913266 O'l 45'396'if 




;05 KING ST. HA;MW£R'SM[TH W6 : 

,V 01-741 0161 . ' ' ■ 




Gray nmuillc, bLick Interior. 
JUJU whpel drive, [rawer ■’»»« 
ond windows. fuU air rondl- 
'i'”!' 1 «™>ns. Vinyl 
- door . saloon, radio, 
alcnal. 1 owner lAmort- 
*a.ouo nun 

Du,m<in nn f T ' . 18 months 

KSI. n pSis( l bVJil?? B * ctlon wel - 

detelri?* rt “ a ,op further 

«^?.'T E fr EAFE SALES. 

Codslone Road iAiEJi. 
Hliyteledfo, ^ Sumy 01 -668 


R,! 0 - mi-iallle 
hrown. u3,000 mlln. Power 
Bieerino. radio, etc. Garaged. 
Regularly serviced, Dta-ecLor'o 
car. Superb condition. 


01-495 5994 up io 6 p.m. 


Sole London Distributors of 
Mercedes Bciu. 

New Cars 

800 English rad with black 

2AI '4 Medium red with' liarch- 
..1 onl cloth, unted Blass. 
3SO Pailol blue with blue 

330 SE Metallic brawn with 
n-< ■■ clulh. TUH.-d Bldss. 
stmraor, electric windows. 
350 SE Metallic stiver with 
black cloth. Tinted glass, 

All Uie above cars hare anto- 
traoa. and pj.i. except the 

127" Park Lane. London. W.l. 


A member of the Normand 
Group of Companies. 


1 st rag. 1975 mt Citroen 
DS3- Pallas £~F.i. Manual. 
Metallic brlge thoionet with 
caramel Jersey. Fitted full air 
coBdUtonlng. 5.000 miles. 

I '•IS iPI Citroen 
CX 3000. While, red. Manual. 

3.000 miles .£3.195 

104 Dayswaier Road. W. 2 . 
01-735 1621 

LARGS 1333/9 black, or 

I 2L L - r w- l A H J *^ UA ",r- "W-EK- 

Tannen. for Aiutbi-Morris— 
TtmnBCfl for Rovijr-Trlumi.h— 

. 901/921 Fulham. Road. S.W. 6 . 
I Telophone 01-751 4381. 

Metallic blue, stereo, sun roll' 
J'rocd windows, b'l-ceiirnt condi¬ 
tion. Cvecuuve driven with 
regular service history. £3 700 or 
near of ter —539 33 x 5 , w “ 

JA 5“*B-J» 7 0. 4 2: radio. NVnual. 
Hy°n? 1,re - _ LUeraiiy superb. 
JrLJIb- Consldor p.x .—985 

Hi 5. inn. Manual, or-»rdrtve. 

Mimosa. 13.001 miles. Sheopsldn 
covers, cassette machine and 
obicr extras In cl n tied. £3.750 
o.n.o. (saving over .a .000 on 1 

c7uni£Td e ."' H U S° ,e .te% n 2b4^ ROLLS-ROYCE AND BENTLEY 
(office> or 10462 1 655554. 1 



(Established 54 years 1 

Rolls-Royce Cloud tu. kjm) 
PW, Contteonuu Salcon. 796.1. 
Minx condition. M.vSfl.. 

Bentley Mark VI 4>- tyre 
Saloon. Fine example. £2.1 Sir. 
Bentley R type. 1954 Nov* 
Automatic Saloon. B!aik. 
Peugeot 204 4 -door Saloon. 

lv/4. Exceptional. £1,325. „■ 
Toyota 1600 Cetica Spona 
Coupd. Many extras. 1.31V 
mil 03. El ,555. „■ 

Triumph Dolomite Saloon. * 
Manual. £1.450. 

6 months' Warranty. 

Phone* 01-788 7SS1 ; 


Under 50,000 miles. Air 
conditioning, serviced re*u> 
tarty, excellent condition. - 

£5350 - 

Tel. 01-253 8572 « 


Cardinal rail, blue, qrrv 
lealhur. First roatslurod Nov. 
.ember. 1973. 8.640 miles. 

Maintained by Rolls-Royce. _ 


Gerrards Gross (491 83065 

mint condlUon. with many tuvaa: 
private sale. Please n-jly Dus 
1405 S, the Times. 

V‘ money. acceicrauon, turn no one wm compium ke a fiaJ ] on diould be. The skuation 

‘ added value” ranged from £89 overmuch at avera^ng between25and fteamje even more confused when fill- 
base Cortina to £325 on the ? p fr ing stations began the war of price* 

i GL. Whether the changes have h* - !!, though, as with the Granada, the. cm^ng and trading, stamps, and it is 
t time to boost Ford’s penetra- nde ^ eav ^ s something to be defined on. now very difficult to decide winch 
the market to the 26 per cent P°° T surfaces. Again, a pnee forecourt is'offerinfi the best att-round 

• jy the end of the year seems represents fair value in todays terms, borg^ 

■, but there «i« be no denying. _ • . ' The' point has be en u nderlined by 

-■ cars are now a lot more com- The Lightest bicvde-' -enterprising consumer protection 

■« than they were six months ago. ” - • department of West Midlands County 

/vs been sampling the Ford value Those of us who write, about care. Council. In--Dudley, for instance, it 
v ney policy as it affects' two' must, of course, like them, but there found a that die price of a gallon of 
the top Granada saloon and sure times when enough is enough and four-star varied'from as much as 773p 
ic Corona. The German-built no more so than.towards the end of to as little as 64.9p. In Birmingham 
i Ghia was already cam prehen- a Motor Show. So last-week I forsook the range was 743p down to 65p, in 
equipped with such items as the hustle and hard-sell of Earl s Court Coventry 74J»p to 67p. The conclusion 
:eering, automatic transmission, for the countryside of Hertfordshire, was that if you paid more than 69p 
i and radio as standard, not to where T made the most of a glorious in those areas you were a sucker. 

- i the real wood fascia and door October day ... on a bicycle. But comparing prices is easier said 

- s. But Ford still managed to I did so in the company oLMr Harry than done. Many stations simply say 
83 worth of value with new Biekerton, who has devised and built “ 5p off pump price * which w no 
ents, better quality carpet, a very special sort of .machine, about guidance since tne “pump price” is 
flashers and alloy road wheels half the weight of a conventional one a purely notional figure fixed by the 
idition, the Ghia, like all other ; and ; ' a quarter of the volume when station itself- And what happens when 
as, has benefited from susoen- folded. Forced on to two wheels when trading stamps come into the picture? 
lodificanons and an improved - he'lost his driving licence a few years The consumer people estimate the 
position. I. found it a quiet hack, Mr Bickerton found no bicycle cash value "of 12 fold stamps at 2p a 
and comfortable car with a on: the market that -he considered gallon and of 20 fold stamps at ju st 
'e air of luxury. The three-litre genuinely lightweight and genuinely over 3p a gallon, though if the stamps 
unne rarely sounds strained, portable So he set about designing are exchanged for goods instead ot 
a large, heavy vehicle from one - , money the value may be nearly double. 




n-qulros lully experienced 


married or single, for modern 
house. FnU ■ stall kept. Good 
wagra and conditions. Refer¬ 
ences essential. 

Ploase apply to Secrelary. 
Knowsley. Prescot. Merseyside. 


Excellent position for nlngis 
lady or lady with school-aged 
child, or lady with husband 
following own epiptoymsnt. 


nTadholding. " “ i^TTsib mid is, Mr Bickerton daiS, has drawn up a code ctwenng *e 

jite stiffened springs and the lightest commercially available whole area of hargam o ner cla ims 

er damping, the ride is^tOl not bicycle' in the world. He also says that which, if accepted by Je GomumenL 
ns good, u it might be 5 ; there it is a third easier to pedal, a£5j if “aSdi? 

d much jarring over rough sur- that mu$t. be a subjective judj^fent, misleading practices. 

aod . excessive tyre 'tumble. I did find the machine comnardPyely . . ..; T^Afpi* WaVTliarlc 

though the seats a?e- well effort!^.to*nde, even uphill. . - * ctci TTajuuujv 



6 Beauchamp Plan, London 

01-584 3232 

w. 8 . 2 rooms k. A b.. £40 
Blackheath. 5 roomed nnusn 

via. 3 rooms, k. 
— .<, •-». Chelsea. Z rooms 
k. * b.. £40. W. 8 . 2 roonis. 
k. Sc b.. £45. BeloravUi. 3 
raomsd maws. £60. Holland 
Park, Journalist's 3 rooms, 
k. & b.. £50. Lane House in 
Fulham. £60, Lane House In 
Lane house In 
Lome housn 

countess denartin 



1967 Rolls lor olderi wanted 
In exchange lor an Interesting 
and unique proposal that offers 
the following; 

C4.500 ihx writo-aer i*c 

Many other subetantlal and 
Continuous tax benefits. 

SuhsranUated continuous 
bicama of approx. £ 2.000 p.a. 

Loft-hand drive preferred but 
not essential. 

Absolutely strictest conn- 
den co. 

Box 1445 5. The Times. 



Moorgalc.—open-plan luxury 

3 double bedrooms, dining 
room, giant lounge, fitted kit¬ 
chen. bathroom; shower, c.h.; 
very quiet: fully furnished; 5-6 
mth. lei: car space: £95 p-w. 

01-628 8179 


i hut arn *.* 

elegant spacious furaKhi^.- 
family flat la popular Uui g- j 
Ino dose to nxcellent r ^i nj^. 
ping and transport ladililr^. 
Roflonu Park close at hanft^' 
3 bedrooms. 2 bathrooms. «£•> 
rccopl.. kitchen. C.H..- Utt}*., 
and porterage. 6 months tgP, 
£160 weekly o.n.o. ”»' 


Superb 3rd floor fonilshra.-' 
In modern block. Oulet poM^.- 
Uon yet within easy acmVj 
of the High Street. 2 hr dJ* 
rooms, recent., and dlnlrim 1 ' 


GARAGE. C.H. Lift and nop?* 
iwagn^ i year let. £76 weclj^ 


116 Baker SI.. W.l. 

01-936 7799. V 


** Br °^X StWI - 

01-629 1087/9 

BELGRAVIA, attractive fjr' 
overlooking JSq. 1 bed., larot- 

receo.. k. ft b. sou busbuSart 

couple. £110 p.w, . _ 

5T. JOHN’S WOOD, 6 months - 
onhr. Supartr timlly flat. S 
bed.. 2 recap., k. A b.. £126 

|ft. Mows cottage, a bed-i. 
a recop., k. ft b. £70 p.w. 

CHELSEA. — Immaculate 2 -Bed. 

Apartments. Just ,nmverted, to 
high standard. £55 p.w. Con- 
Luxury Uvtng. 01-589 


HAWKEN.—A Memorial Service for 
Min Ian J. I*. Hawkcn. Tanner 

e rtner or Toplto A Harding, will 
held at SI. Polaris upon Corn- 
hlll, ECS on Thuradny. 6 lh 
November. 3975. at 12 noon. 


ass. —In loving memory of our 
brother. Montague Alfred Mass 
i Artiste' BlflMl Who was Wiled 
at PuKChoncUolo. Ocl. oil l. J l* 





TIBBIE H EGG IE wish to flxpresa 
Uiolr deep appiwdaUon <« .the 
lovriv fuwrerg and many letters 
nmtraf m Uiolr recent Jom. II 
is ho-icd lo acknowledge ail tnoso 
In due count. _ , , 

SOLE_-The family or Ernest John 

Sole wish to thank all relatives. 
(Mends and colleagues Tor their 
tributes, expressions or sum; 
/wlhy. kind assistance and tor 
attending his funeral. 

... It Is not by hearing the law. 
but by doing I*, that men will be 
Justified bei are Gad. ”—■Rcmwns 
a M3 iN.E.B.i. 

j.m.. 'thereafter to Nairn 


LAWTON, ERIC.—On Tuesday. 

23 October, devoted hostxind 01 
Joan i- Jo "i. pcpcetDUy. after 
a courageously borne illness. 

Funeral private. No rowers; 
dona dons Cancer Research. _ 

MAW.—On 29 October. 1975. at 
Robin's Wood. Rose Lane. 

WheaUtampalead. Harts p*mjT 5 
Mowbray Maw. husband, W 
Nonwy. Funeral at St. Helen s 
Church. WhwUiarawiead on 
Tuesday * November at 10.30 
a.mTTfoUowed by private crema¬ 
tion. No flOMDIS. _ 

ODIN-TAVUOR-—on October 38 ih. 

Grace. or The Grove. Hard in a 
ham. wife or the late lieul. Col. 

A. H. Odln-Tayior. At her own 
request, funeral service private. 

Family flowers only, pi (ash. 

PAVhNbON.-Oh 2 Hth Octobo-. 

1975. In hospital. hJrah MUdred 
aged 118 . years, darting daughter 
of Norman and Cathertno. vory 
dear stefor of John and Louise. 

Funeral sendee at St. Johns 
Church. Hampstead. N.ta.3. on 
Friday, 31st Gciober. at U a.m. 

Flowers may be «nt to J. H. 

Kenyon Ltd.. 9 Pond SL. 

26 th October. 1975. at 6 tra- 
c.itere Hospttal. Brechin, aged 
69 years. Beloved huatond erf 
Betty, Wester Dun. Bridge of 
Dun. Montrose, and fjoter of 
Diane Henderson. Funeral ser¬ 
vice In St Andrew's Church. 

Brechin, on Thursday. 5Mh 
October. at a n.m.. tfiereaiior 
private. Family nawers only and 
Sonoimns H desired to Cancer 
Research Canrpatsn. Department 
TX1. 2 Carlton House Terrace. 

London. SW1 5AR. 
sown GY.—On SB October, at 
Hytee. Kent. Sybil Audrey inee 

Adam I. widow of Air Commodore 
J. Sowiuy. A.F.C.. F.R-Ae.s 
R.A.F.. R.F.C.. m her 83rd 

year. Funeral at Staines Cemetery . 

a A V ^ 03 C ^A.em J S?T ,b S 0 .lui EXCHANGE Sussex country how. 
x Sons.' 12 Richmond Rd.. I 5 bedrooms. 3 talhrooms^centrai 

heating, amenity pasture and 
woodland. Ashdown Forest. Jan./ 
March "76 for ihree-hodreomed 
cared-for house or fiat 1 mile 
Slounc Square. Telephone 01 - 
355 0149 i office hours j* 

HARRY SECOMBE will sign copies 
or his new autobiography *• A 
Goon lor Lunch "Vat me Arts 
Council Shoo. Sackvflle Street. 
W.l. tomorrow at l p.m. 

MJcnON at Stationers' 
Hair on Wednesday.Jim Nov. from 
6-9 pm. Tickets £5 single, and 
£8 double. In Aid ol Greater Lon¬ 
don Fund for the Blind. 3 W'ynd- 
ham Place. W.l. Tel. 725 1677. 



ALLAN.—wishing vou a verv 
'happy birthday. Love vou verv 
much. Maya. 


A Sons,' 12 Richmond Rd. 

Slaincs by 11 a.m. 

STANTON, ROBERT WILLIAM F.r.c.e.. w.r.p.i.. ms 

band of Joao. of Welwyn Garden 
City- Dlco October 24. Crema¬ 
tion has already taken placa By 
request, no letters. Donations, 
if vdshed. lo Friends Servtcu 
Council, Friends House. Cusion 
Road. London. 

TYLER.—On October 27th. 1975. 
peacefully. In hospital. Elsie 
Louise, ol White Coitago, King 
Street. Arundci. Susies, formeriv 
of Old Place. Puiborooah. dearly 
loved wife of Victor William 
Tyler and devoted mother of 
Kenneth. Basil and Nlgol- Ser¬ 
vice at St. Mary'* Church. Pul- 

borough. on Monday 3rd Noyem- „ ___ ac 

her. at 10.45 «-m.. fo lowed by 30^OCr.lSdS. BATTLE of 
private cromation. Family flowers ^HWECHAT. Todav s borue is 
rtniv nirfiHo hut don.itkms. If agalmU aisamuty. HOip roacarcn 

Si jst HL BiLA aBujg 

piuT. C O. and all enquiries. ChU* !• Sprtngfieid Rd-. Hor- 
picosc to F. A. Holland & Son 
Terminus Rd.. UtOetuunpton. 

Sussex. Telephone Utttehamplon 

i'.i". 1 ?. 

WARDG.—On October 29ih. peace 
fully afler a short Illness. Blanch i 
Teresa, aged 90 Funeral service 
at Beckenham Crematorium, on 
Monday. November -aid al 3 p.m 
Flowers and enquiries lo J. H 
Kenyon Lid.. 74 Rochester Row. 

London. 5. W.L. Tel.; 01-834 

WAYMAN.—On October 27th, 1975 
Margaret N canto. eldest daughter 
of the late Malar and Mr*. James 
Kerr, and wife of Nigel Way man. 
or In very. Banchory. Kincardine¬ 
shire i formerly or Ceylom. 

Funeral at Banchory East Church 




we are plcaood to announce 
that we, Tho Times Appoint, 
men a Team, ore able to ofrer 
to the Legal Profession an 
opportunity to nil your vacan¬ 
cies for Legal personnel with 
tho best people. The Regular 
Law Reports ensure a Wgii 
readership, in fuel approximate¬ 
ly one in two people In tho 
Legal world read The Times. 

Tills special feature wBI 
appear for one day only: 
and wtu be entitled: 


For more details and 10 book 
your space ring 

01-278 9161 

The Times Appointments Team 
Manchester 061-B34-1234 


to those who help good 

and will nalt SL Leonards for 
vnlunl.iry work Stay at club 
flrom £7.50 weekly with break¬ 
fast and own heated bedroom, 
or advice given re: accommoda¬ 
tion. Yonr help appreciated. 
Urge moiling Job, national 


NoFznaocurst Voluntary 

12 Evcrafleld place. 

SL Leooards-on-Sea. Sussex. 


Is the largest single sap- 

E irter In the UK or research 
to all forma of cancer. 

Help ns to conquer rancor 
with a legacy, donation or •• In 
Mcmoriam '' donation to SIT 
John Reiss. Hon. Treasurer. 

Dept TXl. 2 Carlton Bouse 
Terrace. London. SWT.Y 6 AR. 


_ Please "help the Imperial 
Cancer Research Fund tn ns 
fight against ranccr. Yonr 
donation or ID Memorlajn '• 

8 1 ft will help to bring noarer 
ic day when cancer Is 
defeated. Please send now to: 

Dept. 1600. P.0. Box 125. 
Lincoln's Inn Fields, 
London WC 2 A 3PX. 

ARE YOU LIVING a Up that over, 
shadows your life ■ Publisher In- 
teres led. Write In strictest conB- 
doncc. Box 1442 S. Tba Times. 


for Children. Send s.a.r. for 
colour brochure, 5 design*, pkls. 
of 6 from 24p-40p. calendar, 
etc,, to 6 Sydney SL. Loudon 
SwS 6 PP. 

ALSO ON PAGE 27 _ _ 




4-star de luxe hotel with deml- 
pension includinfl free car for 
duration of holiday, scheduled 
Riiitoi Aliiimiv/tocrU day 
flights from Keautrcw. htelud- 
lng all present lUol and cur* 
rency surcharges. 

£108 for 1 week: 

£164 far 2 weeks. 

HOLIDAYS and villas 





Combine a wrek'* holiday at 

First Published 1785 

uk holidays 

See. and Klrdv Boltei and lha 

VENTORS. Warring ion Vodka caloar brochure, 5 design*, pkls. 

makers. Vladlvar Vodka, warn to of 6 from 24[»-40p. calendar, 

help British inventors develop and ole to 6 Sydney SL. London 

sell their Ideas. Send delates of SW 3 6 PP. 

your Invention to- Vlad Ivor In- UNITED NATIONS CHILDREN'S 
credible Inventors Award Scheme. FUND.—UNICEF Greeting Cards 

Causeway Distillery. Lonahers mean more than good wishes: 

Lane. Warrington. Ail Ideas const- every card sold Is help lo a child 

dered. In need. Cards and Brochures 

from: UNICEF C CO. 14 Stral- 

-— 1 . ford Placa. London. W.l. TUI. Dl- 

, BMi-rt t: AC 493 i^ 17 - or U.K. Committee for 

ccuuMtiaf^Tnii^^ft)la°ls UNICEF. 99 Dean Street. London 

SKJk W.l. or UNA Shop. 23 New 

Quebec St.. London. W.l. and 

Acuon Sffli- for D ^°tMppi^ oil better rant shops. _ 

Child T, Springfield Rd-. Hor- 



mu gi nur.atfona T wanted. ssri.-Asfi.. preferably “ °o_ 

■ss to Business. txood eastern Medllerranoon: up “ r 

CAMS. Oxbridge_Sec to US.OOO available.—Box 1237 _ 

Mars den Tutor, under Services. S. The Tlmos. 

4ITED COMPANIES ready — ■ too 


Garages—Motor Columns. 

, MAN needing help requlrus - „ 


^ 2 * 397 ? 37 . 8P ‘• ,cphonB Barfcpr - CONTACTS South 

•tu^Bee London fiaST THE GASLIGHT 

_ VS T Society needs *ou. Edgwure Rd. 

See Police advertlserpeiU In Gen- 4 Duke of York Street. ££Hi ,, 

Uni ViCUlCUll. SI c w 1 r, o75 (-* HUBS 

DITTO AGES & INSURANCE. See offers superb laxunr rnicrtaln- fSaia. ttU 1 

BuslneKfoBiulnee* today. mom from 9 p.m. in a rrlendly 

ON YOU SPARE ONE Sundav way and our prices moke sente. — 

artomaoo a month. ConUt .1 needs No membership for out of town 
yolumce. drlrera to take mit or overseas visitors. BEST VALUB A 

lonely old woplo. 01*240 0650s Diwnruo|i nn(] . a rri/~-» tCcns 1 

ONT HORSES need holidays too 7 X, ?rmTl42Sio AiiiSiua K fM 

The Borne of Rost for Horses 7 f3 J9J' a m Ktfw 

SS WINE AND DINE *? c fffl 

Of the service Which depends w-v—k. 

entirely on voluntary donations. • - - ■ ■ ■——— - --— --—- 

Please send whatever you, ran: jaded palate?— if your (male 

The Secretary, The Home of Rost buds are bored with the usual ski ANDORRA 

for Horses. SpccA Farm. Ayles- continental food—try Thai cuisine 3 wks from I 

bury. Bucks. Hampden Row 464. served tn a comfortable and & b A b. be 

iOO reward. See Business tr fiiondly atmosphere. FuQv suing at 9.0< 

Business columns. licensed. Thai Restaurant. Oaon Europe's c 

AUNSEL ST SW 1 . See London A 12-3 p.m.; 6-10.30 o.m. aifJ Frcedara Ho 

Funeral at Banchory East Church 
nn AKK.OI r“ n Friday. Ociober Alst. at 2.30 
[VlAlVlVlAGEiO P.m. CUI now era only to U 10 

LAIDLAW : COATS.—The marrlao? lul StiS5,^lSfL3^, F naS r October' 

i"* k 5. , rs u »5r u , 0 ;,“ss. idi S 

Laldiaw and Mrs. Susan Coats. Ph'Mf .C.%.L. hi£ 

maunun wcnDiur band of the tale Molly and rather 

DIAMOND WEDDING of j|„ Funeral service Long 

BENSON : POTTER.—-On oOth Mel ford Parish Church fipm 

Oclaber 1916 ai b. Nicholas's Wednesday. Oth November, fol- 

ChWch. Blundeilsands. John Ben- lowed by private cremation. No 

son lo Madeleine ■ Madge> Poller. letters, pleaso. no flowers. Dona- 

lloni I,, R.A. Chart I ab'C Fund. 
c'o L. Fulcher. 10 whlrtn? Sl. 
Bury St. Edmund*. 

WILLIAMS.—On 28Ui _ October. 
1975. al home. MIS* Rulh Doris 
Williams, of 29 Chaucer Court. 
Lawn Rd.. Guildford. Sorvlco at 
TTie Guildford Creme tori um. on 
Monday. 3rd November, at 12 
noon. Family nowore only 10 
Pimm's Funerals. Guildford. If 
desired, donalkim may be sent 
to Imperial Cancer Research 

Luxury golfing villas. Sche- 
dued BEA.-Iberia nighls. Free 
car. unlimited mileage. B days 
Awn £76J»o; IS days £107. 

Gqlf Villa Holidays 

lOCi-lll Ballards Lane. 
London. N.5* 

Tt?ll?pll 0 n 6 

01-549 0363. 01-346 7784. 

lATOl 272B) 


to Australia. The For East. New 

Considerable saving* on 
alnolc aod relure /am. „ , 

Scats available for Christ¬ 


2 nd Floor 

40 Great Mariboroogh Street 
London jnv ro* 

Tel.: 01-4Y/ 6016*7 or 
01-439 7506-'6 
Lau- Bookings Welcome. 


Resoree vuar winter sun 
now with Oroheus Ho U da vs— 
the tTO.'rti. Tunisia—H-i mitta- 
met — Sousse — Dlerba. eic. 
Then ring tis for a auobUon 
while there I* SUB a wide 

Roallv camocHUvB orices. 
01-734 2281 or 457 5283 
22 Ouecns House. 
Leicester Place. 

Leicester Sou are. London. WC3 


Flights one way £206. return 
L-3RJ. Jctship £198. Many 
varied and exdung slop overs. 
Specialists to Australia and 
New Zealand. 


SB Poland St., London. W.l. 
01-734 10B7/437 3144 
tAimne Agents >. 

£79 1 WEEK 

Stmdance Morocco with tu 
white sugar cube chalets 
(invaded amongst the wwn 
eucalyptus grove by the soa •• 
the Ideal place to unwind In 
the sun. Comfortable twin 
bedded chalets with shower and 
w.C.—Good food, friend* and 
flowers. For brochure phono 
Travel Workshop. 01-681 2692 
(24 hours 1 . ABTA. 



—as guests of an American 
family in bicentennial year, 
join the biggest party of two 
cen tones. 


Details: Peter/Mary Bale 
32 Sl. John's Road 
Bristol 8 . 



4 Duke of York Sireot. 

SI. James’*. S.W.l. 
offers superb luxury entertain¬ 
ment from 9 p.m. in a rrlendly 
way and our price* make sense. 
No membership for oot of lown 
or overseas visitors. 

754 1071 Daytime 
950 1648 Alter 8 p.m. 



Worldwide ecqaotny flights .to 
New York. Far Ease Australia. 
New Zealand. East. west. 
South and Central _ Africa. 
Caribbean. India. fturtstan. 
Bangladesh. Europe—29-31 
Eds ware Rd. (2 mini. Marble 
Aren Tuba 1 . W.2. Tgl. 402 
r <375 tx linos!. Airline Agents* 
(Sals, til! 1 p.m. 1 . 

of the Thomson Fair Trading 
Charter and full details from 
your travel agent. 

Bui huriy. 


Prices subject to adjustment 
and availability. 



This whiter the 16.000 ton 
T.T-S. Atlas sails from South¬ 
ampton on 14-day cruise* to 
the Canaries. (19 December. 
1975, 2. 16 and 30 January. 
1 * and 37 February. 12! and 
26 March and 9 April. 1976 1 - 
Tbe T.T.S. Alios provides the 
ultimate tn shipboard ameni¬ 
ties. service and cuisine. 

For full colour brochure 
about this ship contact Atan 

EPiRcrma lines ilondoni 

6 . Quadrant Arcade. Recent 
Streot. London. 
01-734 OBOS 


But we can send yon to either. 
Both are beautiful- Both are 
unspoilt and exclusive. 

Make the choice easier by 
asking for our 1976 brochure 
featuring hotels, villas and 
lavemas tn Corfu and Corsica 
(including The Hotel Escalej* 


168 Walton SL.- SW5 
01-581 0861. ATOL 33TB 



MbO Grand Bldgs.. 
Trafalgar Sq.. London. W.C-2. 

3093^3 * ♦. . 

ATOL 4S7D. 24-hour Service. 


£198—Jetahtp Pth. Offices In 
AOSt and U.K. £299—Sydney. 
Melbourne. Brisbane. One way. 
holiday or business travel tn 
Auscralla/Far East oar spe¬ 

51-32 Haymarfcet. S.W.l. 

Tel. 01-339 69B8/9'0 
Telex: Boleliink 917838 
• Airline Agents) 


tr you're stogie and go on 
holiday alone or with friends 
ana agm- with us that people 
make holidaya apodal—ihun 
" singles " is for you. Write 
[or our brochure to: Ttan 


23 Abingdon Rd.. London. W 8 - 

or ring 01-937 6503 

ATOL 645B 

__ ana M 8 

8 th and lSth 
mchjMvt prices from £»3 

For further Information and 
reservations contact: 

Cam kin Sports Limited, 

TclQphone^ W-387^. 


europc^ C °Pw5&r ,far Gv^°_india- 

E.. IV. Sc N. Africa- the Carib¬ 
bean. ihe USA and 
wnrid-wlde destinations. Speci¬ 
al 1 st* ui lale bookings. 


01-439 2327/8 
01-734 2345 

f Airline Agents) 


Inc lost ve Jam* 

chcllcs and Mao nans. Economy 
fllohis 1 ° *S?7*. U *" 

India. Pakistan. Coniact. 
119 Oxford St.. WTH 1PA 
TO.rm-437 aio*.-aOB9 Ok 
734 8788. 



contact Mas Inerrtd R^l^ ter 
low cost Iirri to New York. 
Australia. Africa and Far East 
by scheduled carrier. A lso 
selected destUiabona or Europe. 
iAirline Agents) 

4 th floor. 

31-52 HaymarkBt. London. 
S-wTL Tel.: 8o9 1681 t4 
Uneai. Telex 910167. 



and other deaunatlooa. 
Largest select ion. Ouarelltgad 
scheduled departures^ 


76 Shaftraburv Avenue. W.l. 
Tel: 01-439 7751/2. 

Open Saturday. 

Airline Aoent. 





from dinner Friday. 12* » luncheon Monday, w 
December, 1975. 

Do join our special wedeend occasion and enjoy deW 
food, fine wines and good company. 

Programme includes dinner-dance and informatfre fella t_ 
experts, about wines, inclndingtastinsa setecuon of ^ 
rare; old and flue wines. For full details and resern^ 
contact: - 

West Runton, Norfolk 
Telephone: West Runton 691 


London School of 

Vasi slocks branded bod¬ 
ing and furniture, amazing 
rings. 6 -day nadfag. late 
ight Fridays (Ealing and 

Africa. Kenya. Ghana. Nlgaria. 
Australia. New Zealand. U.S.A.. 
Canada. Far Earn. Europe. Regu¬ 
lar do n ur t u res. Coldstream Travel 
Ltd.. 01-R36 2203 «34 hOi«S>. 
35 Denmark BtrecL London. 
W.C. 2 . iAirline Agents.) 

The Secretary. The Home of Rost UUllh dTD DOICU HkUl Utr USUdi 
for Horses. SpccA Farm. Aylcs- con linen ui i foot!—uv Thai cuisine 

bury. Bucks. Humoden Row 464. served hi a comfortable and 

ESOO reward. See Businas* tr friondiy atmosphero. Fnfiv 
Business columns. licensed. Thai eesaimnt. Oaert 

MAUNSEL ST SW 1 . See London ft J2-3 p.m.; 6-10.30 o.m. 209 

Suburban. __ __ Kenslngion High Stropt. London. 

-, OLDSMOBILE TORONADO, W. 6 . Phone 01-937 3260 For 

tiuloua tar. See Molars today. reservations. 


leas to Business today. __ 


tculolor. See silk, vacant. . 

GEOFFREY HAMMOND. Where- -----—— 

abouts ol his pointings, drawings. ALBANY HOTEL. Barks I on Gardens, 
etc. requested for oh olographic s.W.5 welcomes you. Recently 

Cl ANDORRA.-—1 wk fram £49. 

3 wks from £64 Inr. BE A ninhts 

ft b ft b- boiol. Cheon ol.i iwcks: ---. — ~— 

i 9 ' a SteJpcJt* d .iprtisU: '-167MAA SKIING- lO days Dec. 

f Houday*; 93 . 55u6. V*1 iTIsere. CourcheveL 

‘juraMMM ATOL 432B. Ilgnos. Zermatt or • Saas Fae 

Ansa phono i atul £ 9 b-£i &6 p.p. Join one of our 

--—— chalet Dairies or lake a party, as 

w* still have some complete 
w GREECE with Olympic duiela avalUble.-~ToL: 03-689 . 

ri weStfiam £56. Folly S478. John Morgan 17avU. 50 I 

I snd'lully pretexted, are Thwioe Pbta. London. S.W,7* . 

ravel aoenl or phone ATOL 052B. 




2/13 Albion Buildings 
Alders gale Sheet 
London EC1A 7DT 
01-606 7968/9207 
■ Airline Agents j 

November 6th at 11 «,m. 


November 4th (10 ajn. to 7 

November 5th (10 ajn. to .4 


Caaiogoes 37p f Including 


Fine A« Auctioneers 
7 Blenheim Street. New Bond 
Streot. London W 1 Y OAS. 
01-629 6oQ2. 

Sapphire Carpet and 
Furniture Warehouses*. 
16 W S 
Reading (The Bn its shopping 


rd. (07541 582 337/9 
Hewhassn il The Drove)* 
Newhavon Station 
Tel. (07Wit/ 7211/4 


ffeavy cuaHty contract coni 
carpet £1.99 yd- line- VATi. 
Eight colours. Standard duality 
from £1.25 VtL 


664 Pnlbam Rd., S.W.6* 
01-736 7561 

256 New King's Rd.. S.W .6 
01-731 36U8 

182 Unnsr Richmond Hd. West, 
S/W.14. 01-B76 2089 

London’s leading SpedaJlsta in 
plain Wiltons pud Cords 


If you send printing abroad, 
pisase rmd out “from ns 
whether we could do It cheaper 
or more effictently. 

Ring or write E. Clark. Wood- 
row Wyatt Holdings Ltd.. Swjn 
Close. Banbury. TW. «0395i 


We offer urge discounts on 
our wide range of too branc 
named suites. Choose from 
over ' 14 colours. inclutHrig 
corner baths tn Black. Peony. 
Penthouse and nsw bepia. 
immediate delivery. Came and 

choose your suite_____ 

C. P. BAHT ft SONS LTp.. 
4. 8 London Rd.. ft Nritfbam 
Terrace. Hercules Rd., SJS.l. 

TeL 01-928 5866. 


One male Hon skin 'with 
mounted head. ‘£750; one 
leopard skin. £360: one zebra 
Skin irett backed). £150: one 
zebra Skin. £110. Please phone 
Mellon Constable (Norfolk) 

bSSiht to^ STOW- home toe. San- 

ssy*j ysj 

DIAMOND JEWELS antique «d 
modem. Emeralds and Sapphires 
also urgently wanted lor cash- 


at.. W1Y 9DF. 01-629 OoSl. 






AVE.. SVV.3.— 

design erie bacbeiv 

LITTLE HORRORS^—London'* most Mlll _ ullu , mll-lnn 

eikluslve children'* clothes Shop WHITE MINK niU-W 1 

to having a Grarul sale of all tholr 

Children's clothes from now until Jgi 

Christmas. Hair term sate. Open 

Tuca.-FrL and aU day Saturday. Horaham oa tw>. 

16 Chsval Place, STw.7”01-689 -—— 


12-3 p.m.; 6-10.30 o.m. 209 
KcnElngton High Stroat. London. 
W', 8 . Phone 01-937 3260 for 




skiing at 9.000 ft: I 
Europe's aieape* 
Frordora Hoilday*. 
i24 hr Ansaphonai 

--01-274 3«?5. 


sfble price.—PP«Ur 

length ceiL £760: Russian nsn 
JacSot. £1,250. All sire 14.—Tel. 
HanlURi o8097, 

DAVID HOCKNEY fiowmi and 
Vase 1969 etching, artlatt woof 
dated 1969 In perfect condltmn, 
beautifully framed-—Phone 686 

flat Inr 1 In smart block 
French antiques. £35. 

attractive 2 room flat bi ele¬ 
gant conversion in DJeasam 
leuW street. £35. 

Architect designed. 3 mom 
open plan. naUo Hal. c.h.. 
Wiighton k. Suit couple. £45. 
Three “ starred for value" 
flats from our lisle. And x> 
can Also offer rirsi class bomn 
and. fiars suitable for Embas¬ 
sy's. International Comnanics. 
etc. IIP to £350. 

01-229 0033 


Recently opened Wtlh all 
amenities close air larmlital. $ c 
doubles suite with k. and o. 
from £45 p.w.. or 2 raonu. k. 
and b. from £65 p.w. Inch 
service, c.h.. etc. 


01-373 9317 


0. PINTO ft CO. 

493 2244 


TterfDom well furnished 
studio run. k. and b. and 

389 4148 or 385 1 W 

3 recap!.. 3 bate., kitchen, gag 
Hen. table tennis room, cj., 
c™Vr.. W-14. Good value «t £7* 
Suitable for company or cptbos* 
Jetting. Mulictt Booker ft U, 
4(G 6191. 




London. fof 
fully funteteed ms* 

dcw Sits Irani 

dy now: *an- 

etc. requested for pholograohic 
Inventory. Contact hf« widow. 
Medway f 0654, 76221. or Dr. 
Colin Smith on Shorne iKent> 
2009. J.V.D. _ 

Holiday. All HrUlsh Airways pa»- 
sangers an Flight 552 to London. 

WINTER « CREEC 6 wllft Olraolc 
Holidays. 1 weak fraiu £56- Folly 
inclusive snd lolly protected. Sre 
your travel aoent or phone 
Graham. 01-737 8050. ATOL 


S.W.5 welcomes you. Recently 341B. 

moderntsed; nr. uroat London air __ 

lormlnaL—01.570 6116. , — ■ — 

“SSflSS / S.-Lcite nt . l ^i SAVB £ 0-1 ANDY'S on JAW. 

Scotland. Wales.—Letting agent 
Europe: Darenead Ltd.. 142 Hol¬ 
land Park Ave.. London, WX 1 
4UE. 01-727 004-7.' 8 . 

stranded at Bilbao Airport on INSTANT FLAT.—London. Luxury 
Monday. 55ih Au-jujl. arc in- serviced. Mr. ftige. 01-373 3*35. 
vlted to. contact iwith view lo SPEND HOGMANAY m Scotland 
concerted action) A. de Corral. skiing. Weekend Ski Club. 01- 
222 Strand. London. WC 2 R lBA- yao 77R2. 

ROLLS-ROYCE. . 1967. 2 door WINTER WEEK-ENDS from Friday 

...Shadow. See Motor Cars. din nor to after Sunday lunch. £16 

W.G.G.B. MEMBER, female, span- par person Including excellent cul- 
alltt comedy, seeks coUaboraLlon a , n e. Viking Hotel. Old Botham, 

with esUWlihrd T V- *crlplwriier. Sussex. Tel. Boshnm (0243* 

—Box 1238 S. The Times. . 57319. 

DAVID HOCKNEY. fiowers and A TRADITIONAL Christmas In 

European destinations. Immediate 
dept*. all gnaranloed. E.Q.T. 
i Air Aoenl*). 8 Charing cress 
Road. W.C- 2 . 01-836 2662 / 


MOROCCAN TREKS. 3 or 3 wks. 
overland with young People. «rom 
£83. Next dops. IQ. 17. 24 Oct. 
onwards. Ten trek. ChlalchunU 
KenL 01-467 9417. 

canary islands.—F irst for sun —--——---- 

and warm clean Atlantic beaches. ____ ___ 

Flats, hotels, nights all year. COLOUR TELEVISION, 25tu. Far- 

Blggl 8 »wade B imto-Timil by Contt- MARBLE ARCH. Georgian town 

AOTSNUNS n ft B fcLm Spaniels. L^S^ SffiS' inxSSSEiiy 3 furntohatL 

All other tevoci pedigree onp- r vnisr SWTCosti paymenL cioo p.w. Long let preferred. 

mat Ttea wm Phdtte 3847. 

taken now. - : - ■■ ■ — --■ 

FOR SALE AND WANTED tlTnmabtuinaSlc. Precept- 'Inoms? Vit^ 

Ticket* for ayprtlny events fnd tulhroom: garden: ch..: 

tbeair*.—839 6363. rally carpeted: 1 year only L50 

n. «... „ ehl ___ p.W.-*55 9570. 

W.G.G.B. MEMBER, female, spoci- par person Including oxcolleni cul- onwards. Ten trek. ChlsIchureU 

alltt comedy, socks coUabaraLlon alnr viking Hotel. Old Botham. KenL 01-467 9417. 

with established T.V. scriptwriter. Sussex. Tel. Boshnm (0243) _ 

—Box 1238 S. The Times. 57319. ------- 

DAVID HOCKNEY flowers and A TRADITIONAL Christmas In 

vase.—See For Sale and \*anted. York. Details from Dept TS, SWISS CITY TOURS. GBieva. 

J " 9"-.“Jf PPE r R c ya ^ a ii?,J h i ? .a 0ln ^ Department of Tourism. TExhlbl. "'te^'ntehi 

of dlrecior of Fmtnerway Ltd., oi t | Qn square. York. Prices from £39 Inc. let fnght 

Consoit tee special lata: Matusale 
Traval. 6 Vigo SL. London W.l. 
Tel. 01-439 6635 <ATOL 303BC/. 

FLY WINGSPAN Australia. New 
Zealand. Far Bast and Africa. 
B«ok now for Xmas to avoid dls- 
anpolnonent. Most compotlllve 
far®a.—Wingspan. 6 Great Queen 
Bl.. W.C.2. 01-243 3652. Air¬ 
line Agents. 

ouson. perfect world no order. [ 

£150 o.n.o. 363 6344 after 6 pra. j SAVE £ ** * ■ JH*?" 

£375 o.n.o No dealers. Tel. 581 . 
1689 daytime. 

hand office egutemenl- Slon 
Son. 2 Fairtngdon Rosd. E 
363 6688 . 

sec on*.- 

c\..a. ,t>lr and required Tor d.pinmatL 
execunves. Long/Short, icts. At 
aroa 6 —XJplrltnd Co.. 491 7*0*. 

the 17th October. 1973 .. 


General Vacanclee. 

The Times Crossword Puzzle No 14,138 

lion Square. York. ^ Prices rrom E-yoinc. let »u B n, 

HOGMANAY skiing In Scotland. and acep m. Brochure, c.p.t. 

I Join our 4 day skl-'n-fun party. F 23 6555- 

I Ski-a wav. 01-579 4026. 24 hr*. - 

BED ft B'FAST. Very reasonable. 

Kfmess Holul. SM OOaO. GREECE. EUROPE or v/orldwldc. 


check. 542 4614-^Lsi ininme onfy 17 wwlB 1e »ving Dec. 8 . 2 

*■945. tm nlnrM bfi 

An nTT fchpilch rich 35 ill “ " ^ lAWlne TRANS-AFRICA OVERLAND. E49«» 

An ou sbetlcn as nen a ^ HOLIDAYS AND VILLAS &i?;. 3J " ^i J ^ 

Was exceedingly proud of his --- ~ 7 —— -— SS.T' dSK" SCT'tgSS 

tabic. FARES WORLDWIDE. N.Y. £99 r.'t. RELIABLE ECONOMY FLIGHT5 to t024 973) 304. anytime. 

_ _ ,_t-r» mnmwr nn Jo'burg ai»'U r I lull. El'JB mom than IOO doi-UnallonB. Lap- 

TbCIC\k"WC laihh tongues on 0 . w . Many r.iher destlnaUons. rlcorn Travel fAlrilno Ants.). 21 ■ 

toast, Jetback. 01-723 4387 Air Agis e bury Bdg. Rd.. SWT. 730 0657. skiers. — Staffed chalets and 

only 17 weeks leaving Dec. 8 . 2 oitnuor. 
place* It ft. Adventure Africa. 25 S OR, Bosch and Sony emrtp- 
Ucldholm. So I ton Benger. Chip- “"li; rTcnwood chef £39.96^ 

penham Wilts. Tol.: Scagry FaLrOoal. 7b Whliechapef High 

t024 973) 304. anytime. J-l- 347 6039. 

pianos.—L arne seicciian of over 
■ 3'V} BiMnMa and ■>■*{>. r . 

, stein. Bltrfhner. etc. Also piano 

CIERS. — Staffed .chalets and removals.—watts, 736 8243. 

301ocled. hotels In VcrblOT. Tele- N. LANE and SON. pianos. New 
Phone for brochure: Chris Ken- and reconditioned. 01-688 3513. 

There were larks* longues on 


And a unicorn roast- _ 

And a pipeline wjthPcinhard^ 

From D. P- Saville. 

Lcichworth. Hcnfordsnirc. 

Can you improve on ihis 

Jetback. 01-725 4387 Air Agis. 

ZURICH, MUNICH. MILAN. Budget SKI-EASY with young mixed groups 

TaTf^E W diM°E^ projectors. MA^IFlSikj n«*f * S^5 

_ji™ M Jr? anrtrllrnia- Coitago. Colour TV. ole. tuS 

BcrVlce awlUbte 

N- 0 - B S^ Str ^‘ baling!—+' iirnlshed s,c. Oat. i 
wannM- m lTD™* rooms, kitchen, bathroom. t-.U 

wXySST aB^oirrV.tog. R&M- Hrfpr,nco 

s&oi in.'iSM*’ high. 839 oilf OTEKTO 99IWMI 

F, ?r^nSiy* d £75 , Slw8 ln TOU l * FURNISHES 9 


normal Rum Monday. Novonher ho£S./iu,W/oil Zrt*aV 734 ^ 
3rd so for Last minute rcdtH.- smfmcah" EXECUTIVE 

S2?^fc.«e a, 2dS?' houi/iuta. all ^ro«s. ,754 
rd—so for test minute redut- AMERICAN EXECUTIVE 

Jii . OP to 3^ ;' rf'“ri to luxury furnished rial or notww 
T* Gordon on nl-»« **.«• to aao p.w. Usual Ices i* l ilS!5'. 

— Phillips Kay ft Lewis, wav »IL 

SERVICES *’«?iSl! ow L.A.i;. , “®.lS 

winter toura from £.58 Inc. Prices 
guaraniterf. — Chancery Travel. 
01-351 3366. ATOL 659B. 

In Aorirta. 1 or 2 wks.. from 
£69. Tentrck. Cfilalchorst. Kent, i 
01-467 9417. I 

mwuii*.*. uiiw n-ir «nn mnuniiranni. ui-uoa ooin. .uauru nanmn. -n .,1 In . n , M 

Hoi Ida VS. Havlord _*OV? FREEZERS — fridges — Beat MIT a>ue 

316/327 Assoc. C.P.T. prices r 01-229 1947/8468 and Her-Pton Uoyd s Policy. BHo riva 

vnn Hoi Ida v< 
2B6) 316/3: 

ATOL 369BC. 

prices^ 01-229 1947/8468 and ioiiJ. 

w&ynNGHOus'E/SCHOLTES spoil- F WSL , !*5 (S^^iSSSaaSiBS'iUi 
anres 9DI# oO. MOP. 01-769 Man?4gc for profe>rioiiais and are- 

SKI INFORMATION CENTRE. Wide 187C SUMMED brochure available 

choice ol resorts. drp. dales.— 
Cjpricorn Travel. 21 Eburv Bridge 
(load. S.W.l. (J 1-730 0657. 

, PARIS.—High Class InrnlNied 
i .iccommoaatlon to tet. for vhon 
I slays, fel. Parto 577.81.77 or 

soon. Phone address ov-r lor I 
advance conv. 01-422 6441. 

on..-, demies. 458 1760. 


us flnl. MOP. 01-769 3033. «#.. David Talbot Rice 01-5B4 

PIANO SALE. - Month of October. - _w BMiUDCn 

special prices for special pianos. CARPENTRY WORJt REQUIRED 
recon dll toned Sietnwny ana Bech- S2-? rsl oaM company.—O I- ,94 

ACROSS 5 Bell on such a bicycle ? (9). 

I Mast or corn mince for slot- 7 Doing so. acrobats are in 
tons 110)- fantastic form (10). 

I American chap* not short of 8 asi ? e 3 s Bess musl 

narrative skill (10). 

bave been (10). 

10 Singular rime to start a n Roash mood due to change 
fairytale (4). to genial (4-S). 

U How some traffic concrollers 13 Pu!J down a tiled pad one 
show emotion ? (G, 6). needs to rebuild (10). 

13 W P«verbiallv diminutive „ i5 a scoa . 

17 Describing a girl old-fash- . .. 

ioned or popular ? (5). *6 One ^trying to catch the 

IS Cfar/sfmas picaJc seeds jeliy P° st ■ 19 '■ 

evidently (S). 21 Tease about the bristles (5), 

19 Carrying out the huntsman's 22 Object in the sky low to 
role ? 19). the North (4). 

19 Carrying out the huntsman’s 22 Object in the sky low to GREEN LABEL 

role ? 19). the North (4>. lhe delightful Moselle wine. 

ZO Dramatic P aus; fi ■“ .“* **■ 23 It’s articulate and capable goes to the author of each 
signed tasit Of sir jonn of m4 j c i ag a hob or two limerick published here. 

-U , , ( - .aril APE ■MWfcSSlN «B l/WW Wk hi 

Moores triends (12). 

24 Eager For the singer's re¬ 
turn (4). 

25 What's the trouble with the Solution of Puzzle No 14,137 
music-maker on the moun¬ 
tain ? (10). 

26 Spurs horse in point-to- 
point (4). 

27 Present company told when 
"to step it out (10). 


1 Neat piece of the anatomy 

2 Out-and-out row (4). 

3 Without commionent like 
some music (3, 3, 6). 

4 Ever; ruing points to Bar¬ 
bara (5). 

TRANS-AFRICA qi Laun American 
cxpddittQns lor real traveller* 
seeking adventures to remember 
and recount. A(f Ute brochures 
from Trail Finders Ud.. 46<T«. 
Earls Court Rd . London. W 8 
iiEJ. 01-^57 ■.-Oil ■ IO ItneSI. 
MALAGA.—Oei.. depart mosi 
Suns, from 19b plus sarctiarge. 
Ring 01-492 17G«. Ga.-nms 

Travel. 65 Grosvcnur Street. 
London. W.l. ATOL 62MB. 
Athens. Crei-. Khode* and 
Cyprus. Ir Usne “olldays frre. 
£■• 6 . Crete fly drive ironi £ 8 .-.. 
Btwdicej Traivf. 16 TTjjrjriray 
31.. London. W. 8 . 937 4KJ1. 

ATOL 7H-*B. 


from Soulhamplon. TTie Canaries 
and Madeira. 14 (lays. Cl'vl. 
Phone Alan Mouuv.y, 01-73 a 
0 R<>'«. 

variety of villas and fLtis in niter 
for winter Ms. Torres Kl.incni-s 
Esiales Ltd. Tel. - 01-3X6 lr-28. 
Europr. Africa Asia. Ausiralasw 
al realist .c pricos.—Veninrn 
Centre < AC c. 1T7. Kenslnntor. 

Hid It St.. W. 8 . 01 •■/S7 6062/ 

0072 ■ All line sqenisi. 
Dec-3rd .lan: KiL-buhol -lutii or 
llochgurol ihinlu.—RI"o Fiona, 
Small World, 1 11-240 32V.. 

NEW YORK. Tokyn and Aut>lr.ilasla. 
We are the specialists. Gall Club- 
air. 52 Shallcsburv Avc.. London, 
w.l. PPonc 43T 7364—43" 

6347 (Airline Agents«. 

ALGARVE.—-Antumn and winter 
. c ,un villa hoK. 2 v-eej^ from 77'.I 

A case 01 In sche-tuted flights and 

.v-._ T . nn tfeiighiful wn'Ked callages. Ring 

TjFljVHAKU AlvilTve Agent v._Al Brcimnton 

R.rjd. S.W.3. 01-584 6211. ATOL 

GREEN LABEL Jamaican alternative, sam-rb 
the delightful Mcselic wine. “ 
goes .to the author of each 

llnienck pubuineo here. selected and have l.irgn Bardens 

TO~, C „ _ ntr . T hit vOur and swimmtna (mil?. - fan la-die 
yiease note mat your t1Dt lor v-, 4 t per adult 

entrv must conrain tire uorus - at *t inourfiin.^hrduicd 

■ *La«j r— a- t nkn) nan-Mnp — nnir or call 

Demnard Crew LaML a jjtiuai AiiiTn.^:i;n. 6 i Bromo- 
The best of the senes \toi R °V 44 b S- " -: ' - 01 ‘ 5B4 
trill be rewarded by a 7-dav bargain breaks in grecce 
W ine and Music Tour of the and" Ateens. nC 72* 


THOMAS COOK wuh fljgnt5 wlndmUla. hotels, from £85 me. 

, r, 7 . ■ i t y . , schedule nigni. ““ f>57 5072. 

by_LUjFTilA£VSA. GotmopunUn Holidays. 

PARIS BARGAIN 71.1-1111) Nn. by 

Send vourenhy, accom- ud Ire ^ 62«: 

panied by the foil from Jc top atol nR5 g )hnj 

of any Demhard boltJe,. to. coiombw. Peru. Brarii. rivwwxu 
D cinhard & Co. I-imilaJ, 29 5fr 7 , 1 Amaron - brc Mar 01 “ 5Hr ' 

LOWEST PRICES. Buckingham MARVELLOUS value for oir/houd 
Trace! fair agui. 82B 2703,9608 Winter holidays at Albufelra. l -2 

_ _ __ _ „ , weeks irom £80 p.D.-—Rina 

write Micson Express. 43 rue . 7SSS =5^=5 5— Aloarru Villas, 148 The Strand. 

Saint Charles, Touts Parts. A W.C. 2 . O t-B -V. 9038/9. Or 340 

- - - 1 Hotel Crete at Aghlen Nteotecto 1 -ma. (ATOL 670 B.) 

reconditioned Sietnway and Bfcli- 
stein and niuthner grands and 
uiuinhra—iso miniature* of ail 
makes, bom new and recon¬ 
ditioned — guaranteed — after- 
sales service—Invest now. You 


disco " patty T The Downstairs 
Wine CeUar. Knlglmbridqe. Is 
available for private parties. —, 
730 5411. . ___ 

now, 657 5072, cosmopolitan 

estlmates. lung 

i Germany. l.T. Charier flights dop. WHO ARE THE 8 EST tailors lxr i 

weekly. G.T.F. Ltd.. 184 Ken- 5 -ondon? TTr^ne and BradlQF. , 

singiQp Chorctt St.. W.H. 01-229 3g Sjickri e Street. London. W.l. 
9437. ABTA. ATOL 633B. 01-493 6866 . .... 

^und* many tfiher dnslteatloS^for *t**Jnmgm 

woo*end* or longer. Dally Mteed. ^Mr. CJrpei Man, 01-399 .696. 
flights tTVC. B. ft B. Freodom YORK MANC, £(i Pfr UftJftMt i 
Holiday*. 01-937 6308/4480 a 43 A?22i.- * 

i ATOL 43CB i BEAUTIFUL Unclaimed Cuijsins ft 

AUSTRALIA AND NEW ZEALAND Fabrics Clearance Site. V el veto. 

With CP Airline, uy (he Cane- Brocades. ctc.—Llnen Hcuse 241 

•Han Pactl- way—-via Vancouv i- Bak er Sir oet. K.b.l. 935 3311._ 

Tor nut deiaU* 'I tete rntoyaVe ALL TYPES of pmer tomirmo 
routing pnone 01-930 Qbt»4 now booqhL and sold, i . C. 607 7528. 
Or call at CP Alrllres. 62 iTufal AOLER TYPEWRITERS ttow. iow 

can trusl Fishers of Sfrealham, * AiR![ ,C *i5r 0 * , W*(Hara 

tee piano specialists. 01 - 6 * YSH$S* 

houses lo tel. L.A.C. 'A»7 ^ 

MAYFAIR prestige rnsIdt-nlUl «■" :.7 

pane suite facing Green 

§35 tPSH. 

RIVA ESTATES, oitej munsieg - 
fnrnubed iiaw/housos to j, ... 

overseas visitors. Longrehunjre' 

£40-£200 P.W. TOl.589 7416. I t-j 

Wo have Ihe best quality inr - 
Dished fiats and lioiiasa.jw "T >.•' 
ccrnlnn families from L/J •« 

to £130 p.w. All hjvr teri j,.- . 
viewed and are rccommcrn en - . 
The Lettlnq Department of owjf i j 
Knlqht and Partners. 9 JOT 1 
Street. Hnmpotead Village. N.w<> 
til-435 22'i«. - ___ a*. 

CHELSEA.—Short let 3 

mens l. 2 . 3 and 4 bjniJO"? lit., 
from £70 p.w. 333 Klnns 
c »»• tv .1 . _ « -. 

orrtcar. War Ohm. foreign _?.W.3. Tel. 3S2 5682. 

Oi nee. M. of Lab) personal in inn- CHELSEA, s.w.3.-—j-us fu™^ 

Views ft introduryons.—-7 SmHitJ 
Place WtR JHH. 499 2666.. . 
LANDLORDS. Wc specialise lo 

embassy and overseas company 
lettings from £50-£5QO p.w. Mol¬ 
ten Roofcrr ft Co.. 402 6191. 

Or call at CP Alrllres. 62 fra la l ADLER TYPEWRITERS Low. iow 
gar Square. Londun. w.C. 2 . < Il prices, tooodsteck 837 57i4. 
yon are flying hems. I' will com OLD YORK STOUI pa vINC. C IL 



Please note that your 
entry must conrain the uords 
Deinbard Green Label. 

The best of the senes 

Wine and Music Tour of the 
Khine for two. organised by 
THOMAS COOK with flights 

Send vourenhy, accom¬ 
panied by the foil from the top 
of any Deinhard bottle,, to: 
Dcinhard &. Co. Limited, 29 

Addineton Street. London, SE1 french alps. Large uwot chaici 
m-r 4- lil 1111 inear Evtan*. sleeps IO. lining. 

7AI. Teiepnone: J ill. oofr. swjmnilng. Weal summer or 

_ a . _ ■ ■ ■ Winter F.fri-n =70 prr week. 

Detnbard Green LsbcL rofo r oi -606 hom y i mnes r h«u«" 

M4. Hoorn fl\T)lLab]c Jn 
family hgiisr. ^nJUiolc 
yaufifl lady £li: p.vr. ln£L 

With this advertisement 
our advertiser received 
fantastic response. 
From only 6 caJIs in the 
first few hours there 
were 3 definite pros¬ 
pects. The advert was 
originally booked on our 
series plan (4 days + 
1 day free). With this 
calibre of response the 
advertiser was able to 
cancel his remaining in¬ 

If you have a Rat to tot, 
er sell 


01-837 3311 

and let THE TIMES 
help you I 

pteln vnut round Uib world trip • 

world’s trust adventurous ion., 
range nxnodLUans terounh Asia 
AlriTB ft S Am OTIC*. 01-370 6BJ5. 
TUNISIA.—Spend A week ou Iho 
Lotus island of Jortu from £]55 
lnc. sctied. nighls and half board 
ui tho bent hotel. Ring Saportruret 
01-689 5161. ATOL 323B. 

SKI. AUSTRIA. Young people. 11 
Dec. £65 8 days, feuroloam. 8 b 
Halting Rd.. W. 6 . 74B 4854/ 

6476. ABTA. Also 1976 Tourn. 
COPENHAGEN £5b. Parts 839. 
Amsterdam £39. Stterduied nighls 
wrekMlds trem H( a throw. In¬ 
cluding rrans Euro Ol- 
.734 7SW. Atol 401 BC 
SKI ITALY.—Join our largo chalet 
party. £100. 7B9 5044. 6 -B. 

prices. Woodstock 837 5714. 

pi*r ini.—4lono (0274 , 676211. 

lul Persian rnqs. sire 7ft s 5ft 
and bit x 4ft. Sacrificed from 
L3b- A .rich red Bokhara ran 
bfL x 4(1. A most maanincttnt 
line Persian carom in surert 
cnmUlfon. £250. Tel: 01-260 

ANTIQUE oak refoctory table for 
sale. No dealers.—684 3321. 0B9 
2330 ovos. 

GILT FRAME. A uancL tall Edwar¬ 
dian screen with, original SiS?.* 
and on Ids green brocade. £25(1 
o.n.o-499 0691. ex*. 1. 

b**«n mod. selling in shops foT 
£530 + VAT. Selling for £ 200 . 
Reason far snip too large for 
hOUMi. Must hr seen to appreci¬ 
ate, Watford area. Call anytime 

SPAIN. Late getaway holidays _ !■?->_ 90 50. __ 

and xhe*. owner flights. 01-937 000000000000^0990000 
1649. Bon A venture »Ai r Wu.i, X o 


^oraS?Ws e 2f rt..r2i'at D S § people are now looking g 

New BuriJnqtr.n SI.. Wl. 


o lor Christmas Gifts. 


o _ . . 

living Ih cnmiortnblD French homo „ 

§ Reach them through 
«&"■ ?ar ly lofamalfnn:* YeSbS § The Times ChriStoiaS 
fgSfcr 140 Pon ’ “ r v#n "* 8 Gift Guide. 

3 KISCEHE '76-1 and 2 wk. rtutel « 
and hotel holidays: s. c. chalols O 

and flats to rent.—SklVeno Lid., o Qntv 18 dSVS fO OO. 

11 Duke SI.. BWl. 01-930 2437. q 1 19 w 


tedigl £99 tidnal for families). V e 0 k..u... 

Rf Anion £10.7. Full hurt.— O rflOUIOUS COUipflohOfl 
Ring. Sarah. SmaU VWH 01-836 O ^ ygne^. 


or Bruges. Individual holidays. V 

S';s.S,' f , ,J w d :,i.%:33M“‘ S ?*"* business 

"SSi JSSBrth/'fSS'SiJrt 8 tWs ChrtstniB. 

Katmandu In 74 days- Cali or JJ 
write A-tlan Greshonnd*. kino's V 

Road. Windsor, rei. 69123. o Telephone for details 

IND 1 A-KASHKIR overland Confteo o . _____ _ 

norm, i; Hi neala und Australia. n and SpBC 6 bookings. 

Rrnrhuro. intenmn'ineniai. 184 “ 

rinldhawfc Rd.. W.l 3. 01 - 74 '. O 

WHY J PAY MORE? Ennvmjl fUghU (f 01 “278 9351 

to mnst dminailons.-^)i- 7 .V 4 X 

07H6 -6S91 Travotcara Airline , . . . _ 

clarion. Ol-Vra 7777, 




Morning Suits 
Block Jacket* 

ft striped 

Surplus to Ml re 

For Sale irom -.te 



37 Oxford Street 
01-437 ST11 

Eastern Classics 

Sedlng rocrpi.. 2.3 beds., k- 

'56. iruitoonritc. C.H. £65 o-vf. Gpoc 

toe Id ft Wagatofl. 01-600 1797. w 

omnara belgravia/chevsea h«ms». 
h. Mnl- flat available. 750 B 6 o 8 . - • 


a^South c| ^ 5 ®' b WALK.—-emaU 
callable furn. fiat £32.50 p.w. 


Nash Terraro overlooking Regro^ 

-— Park. Baker Streot. rnw 

iTPIv nlvhed. avanabie lmmen i »'S 

IT1S1> Minimum l pear. wagotta We^aop- 

. - ■ ■ reccpllon room. 2 bs’ n f D 5S 

kitchen, central boating- **7 
per u-i-ek. phone 4fta 6716. 

Mon ol rurnlshed fiats and bn**; 
ht central London .and. ii m. 
suburbs always available.—*" 

Beautifully furnished. 

09 06090006©5S50COOO2 


£100 t 

Afghan. Belnuvh. Fenian. Turkish 
Chinese and Russian nip,, all 2 ( 1 ". 
to beliitr West End Prices f 8ip 
stacks and low overheads mean 
really good value. We're only just 
opposite Hoiburn Viaduct Station. 
Open 9.0U-5JD. lunch hours inei 
Hralcy ft- Some, 4 Son* Hill 
E Cl.Tel 01-134 44M. 

J heauey&skkeV 

LIMITED. 1976 .- 

" soniJetnan; well fWpBprd JS ■ r J •• 
room, sluing rown.siw r'.v 'qJ 
c.n.. c.h.w.. daily "'“JS" - a., .'f. -- 
g.w. Please tel. alter 6.59 Pp' ., - •- 
. 01-828 31)58. _ ui« ' 

W.l. Matooncite. 2 rooms. 

kjiebai and baihroom. snmj ^ 

No agents. 8»>0 p.w. «* • 

RtloA. ■ . _ r—— v 


ft fum. S bedm,. fiai ge 

visitor, "lvr. Mo. , ... • 

HOLLAND PARK.—Suuurtb"^^ 

fultv furn>f ho ,^.. ,,al h Jji™ T *sW'; •' i. ' 

JSSKiA.ig;. rt •> • 


cq^ljmcham 7 JJt : 

lous rails' equipped n»L _ ceo 

nwepi.. ngfr.^ ft-n "j.-jw . 


Lrfj g.w.— DonaliunM. 'Nr •’ 

(600._ _ — Rrrtfe ’'IR'I 


wtlh- urtf^n and 

f lSwsrB>£S1Sf 

gwS’&d, ^ 


-■ Con fan o«i on i«# e 

puprxl So